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Environmental Economy

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Show Table: 9.1 Ireland: Environmental tax revenue 2010-2015

  • Environmental taxation revenue in Ireland increased by 20% between 2010 and 2015 from €4.1 billion to €4.9 billion. The most significant components of environmental taxes were energy and transport taxes which provided 61% and 38.1% respectively of the total tax revenue in 2015. A carbon tax was introduced in 2010 and it raised €418 million in 2015.
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Pollution/ResourceTransportEnergy
Slovenia1.142757650063121.237286168221598.15571451371861
Croatia1.827462248269052.335607508575626.35165753199246
Bulgaria0.2578135524720471.023255422335988.55474538596255
Greece01.895522172259737.5560632129896
Latvia0.3055676066522051.644396240057857.16254519161244
Cyprus02.062982329303766.94217932982497
Netherlands1.21646478330482.604156320889275.02477027408199
Romania0.02279673631534530.9463050289888887.7858790089672
Malta0.3824617010036983.344602923049834.51030110935024
Ireland0.1011666107588033.153913461726194.97668730820497
Estonia0.8943064341922540.1745101064650527.15599444530165
Italy0.08113578754906091.38115238350566.76150475679831
Denmark0.4300762710968632.933575741834954.65616850612237
Poland0.5439835907727610.6116937878827016.44739492450206
United Kingdom0.2408118934297721.740367704722535.21342842013704
Hungary0.5529778903788541.174041121046995.05258187106011
Finland0.1207716086999882.046469369439244.38323379832249
Czech Republic0.0554219605021490.4061878704106945.75144377331339
EU0.2199225414779571.222755585794174.7074321301924
Portugal0.02438974912732171.582883795250944.48899340400067
Lithuania0.163165368982910.2136036433083595.68512805445375
Slovakia0.314605693349560.6661464937091584.74160266984425
Austria0.05148626697502871.995162233782353.49600773265444
Spain0.1870444461219730.6953356315476044.49997064324837
Sweden0.06394695431216330.979544081605164.01347887448693
Luxembourg0.03100646572955940.3609816294468094.66476203315307
Germany 0.0008684460547364180.8241553059448614.22837699590615
Belgium0.2656697754389611.456676913458032.56452873443443
France0.2928168787875230.5948393718245533.39393369607371

 

  • Environmental taxes accounted for 8.2% of Ireland’s total tax revenues in 2014. This was the 10th highest percentage in the EU and above the EU average of 6.2%. Slovenia and Croatia were the EU member states with the highest environment share of tax revenue at 10.5% in 2014.
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Show Table: 9.3 Ireland: Environmental transfers 2004-2013

  • Environmental transfers in Ireland increased from €720 million in 2004 to €1,384 million in 2008 before falling to €712 million in 2013. Capital transfers varied between 41% and 67% of total transfers over this period and accounted for 41% of the total environmental transfers in 2013.
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Show Table: 9.4 Ireland: Wholesale price index for energy products 1980-2014

X-axis labelPetrolAutodieselEnergy products
2005100100100
2006108106.3108.6
2007112.5109.4118.4
2008122.3126.6128.2
2009117106.7119.5
2010132.683333333333124.775123.108333333333
2011145.2138.6128.7
2012152.23436928702144.837623762376134.394690265487
2013148.518098720292141.594059405941135.078053097345
2014145.465447897623137.10297029703123.574778761062
  • Wholesale prices for all fuel types increased substantially between 2005 and 2008 before falling back in 2009. Prices increased again in 2010, 2011 and 2012. Most fuel prices fell again in 2013 and 2014. Fuel oil prices increased more than any other fuel type over the 2005-2014 period with the index price rising from 100 to 170.
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Show Table: 9.5 Ireland: Consumer price index for energy products 1980-2015

X-axis labelElectricityNatural gas
20059663.4
200610081.1
2007111.688.9
2008114.388
2009115.889.6
2010111.777.5
2011119.182.6
2012132.697.6
2013140104.4
2014145106.7
2015144.8104.2
  • The consumer price index for electricity increased by 45% between December 2006 and 2015, higher than any other energy product. Liquid fuels increased by 10% over the same period.
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Show Table: 9.6 EU: Harmonised index of consumer prices for energy products 2015

  • In 2015, Ireland had the 16th highest increase of 47% in consumer prices of energy products in the EU since 2005. This was 3.3% below the EU average.
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Show Table: 9.7 Ireland: Resource use 1995-2013

  • Both Domestic extraction and Domestic material consumption increased  from 1995 to 2007 in Ireland. Domestic extraction then fell by 52% and Domestic material consumption by 49% between 2007 and 2012 as the level of construction activity declined. Both increased again in 2013 by 9.4% and 10.3% respectively.
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Euro per kg
Luxembourg3.9921
Netherlands3.8549
United Kingdom3.584
Italy3.2789
France2.6933
Spain2.6217
Belgium2.5745
Denmark2.2506
Ireland2.24918
Germany2.1403
EU2.0471
Sweden2.0035
Malta1.9998
Austria1.7611
Cyprus1.5022
Slovenia1.4295
Greece1.3376
Slovakia1.1999
Portugal1.1674
Finland1.1047
Croatia1.0271
Hungary1.0234
Czech Republic1.0123
Lithuania0.7544
Poland0.6006
Latvia0.5461
Estonia0.5019
Bulgaria0.3285
Romania0.3273

 

  • Ireland’s resource productivity of €2.25 per kilogram of domestic material consumption in 2013 was the ninth highest in the EU, just above the EU average of €2.05 per kilogram. Luxembourg had the highest rate of resource productivity in the EU at €3.99 per kilogram in 2013.
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Show Table: 9.9 Ireland: Imports and exports of fuels 1995-2015

  • Ireland’s imports of fuels have increased from €851 million in 1995 to a peak of €7.2 billion in 2012 before falling to €5.1 billion in 2015. Exports of fuels increased from €153 million in 1995 to a peak of €1.6 billion in 2012 before falling to €773 million in 2015.
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Show Table: 9.10 EU: Imports of fuels 2015

  •  Imports of petroleum represented 73% of the total value of fuel imports in Ireland in 2015. This was equal to the EU average in 2015. 
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Show Table: 9.11 Ireland: Sea fishery landings 2002-2014

  • Sea fishery landings (live weight) at Irish ports fluctuated between 187,000 tonnes and 329,000 tonnes in the 2002-2014 period. 294,000 tonnes were landed in 2014.
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kgs per capita
Denmark132.395217189259
Ireland63.9198645272252
Latvia59.60275158034
Lithuania50.5671533481548
Estonia50.2371526782939
Finland28.274328734405
Spain23.8395522860573
Netherlands22.3087855939725
Croatia18.5852483594153
Sweden17.8218168758004
Portugal16.9968240103551
United Kingdom11.693349941464
France8.25579433272699
Greece5.82402526190863
Malta5.64901359712636
Poland4.46566476552492
Italy2.91232691529763
Germany2.67639952984533
Belgium2.3660316787088
Cyprus1.45571095571096
Bulgaria1.18208415859553
Slovenia0.119839793118673
Romania0.110290554952495
Czech Republic0
Luxembourg0
Hungary0
Austria0
Slovakia0
  • In 2014, Ireland’s sea fishery landings were the second highest per capita in the EU, with 63.9 kgs of fish landed per head of population. Denmark was the EU member states with the highest volume of fish landed in 2014 at 132.4 kgs per capita.

 

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