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Latvian Nationals: 19,933

In April 2016 there were 19,933 Latvian nationals living in Ireland. The population decreased by 3 per cent compared with 2011 (when there was 20,593 Latvian nationals), but remained significantly higher than in 2006, when there were 13,319 Latvian nationals usually resident in Ireland.

Table 6.1 Population Usually Resident by Nationality and Census Year

Place of Residence

Most Latvian nationals indicated Dublin was their county of usual residence in April 2016 (5,771 Latvian persons, 29% of the population). Unlike the Brazilian, Spanish, Italian, French, and German nationals the Latvian population mainly lived in the suburbs rather than the city, as seen in the inset of Figure 6.1, with a particularly high concentration in Fingal (15% of the Latvian population, 2,895 persons). Looking at individual Electoral Divisions outside of county Dublin, relatively high proportions of Latvian nationals were found to be living in Dundalk, Navan, Tullow, Portlaoise, and Monaghan, shown in purple in Figure 6.1.

Figure 6.1 Proportion of Latvian Population Usually Resident in Ireland by Electoral Division,2016

It's a Fact

  • 35 per cent of Latvian nationals were living in towns with populations greater than 10,000 persons in April 2016, the highest proportion of all ten nationalities profiled.

Age and Sex

43 per cent of the Latvian population usually resident in Ireland was aged 25 years to 39 years old, comparably only 22 per cent of the State population was in the same age bracket. Furthermore, 29 per cent of the Latvian population was under the age of 25 years old, with another 28 per cent 40 years and over. One third of the State was under the age of 25 years old, while 45 per cent was aged 40 years and over.

The age breakdown of the Latvian and State population can be seen by clicking an option below:

The average age of the Latvian population in April 2016 was 31.7 years, 5.6 years younger than the average age of the State population (37.3 years).

Table 6.2 Population Usually Resident in the State by Nationality, Average Age, and Census Year

Economic Status 

In April 2016, there were 10,980 Latvian nationals usually resident in Ireland at work (67%). Between 2011 and 2016 the number of Latvian nationals either at work or studying increased by 2 and 15 per cent respectively, while the number who were unemployed fell by 35 per cent.

X-axis label0 - 14 years15 - 24 years25 - 44 years45 - 64 years65 years and over
Satellite urban towns104.810093.89781.1
Independent urban towns103.897.296.396.976
Rural areas with high urban influence106108.198.9105.593.3
Rural areas with moderate urban influence104.8106.3102107.194.8
Highly rural/remote areas104.8106.9103.2107.494.3

Industry and Occupation

Table 6.3 shows the top three broad industrial groups among the Latvian population in April 2016 and the proportion of the population at work in each industry. Approximately one fifth of Latvians at work were in the retail industry (2,339 persons), making it the industry with the greatest number of Latvian nationals. Cashiers and retail managers were two of the most common occupations for Latvian nationals within the retail industry.

Table 6.3 Population Aged 15 Years and Over, at Work, by Nationality and Broad Industrial Group, 2016
At Work10,9801,970,728
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and cycles21%13%
Accommodation and food service activities14%6%

Table 6.4 shows the top three broad occupational groups for the Latvian population at work and usually resident in Ireland in April 2016. Many of the Latvian population was working in elementary occupations. Cleaners, domestics, catering assistants, and fishery workers were among the most common occupations within this group. 29 per cent of Latvian nationals worked in this occupational group compared with 9 per cent of the State’s population. 

Table 6.4 Population Aged 15 Years and Over, at Work, by Nationality and Broad Occupational Group, 2016
At Work10,9801,970,728
Elementary Occupations29%9%
Plant, Process and Machine operative occupations & Transport16%7%
Skilled Trades Occupations14%14%

Chefs and mechanics were prevalent occupations among Latvian nationals working in the skilled trades group. 6 per cent of all Latvian nationals at work were factory workers in food, tobacco, or drink plants.

Marital Status

WidowedDivorcedSeparatedMarried (inc. same-sex civil partnership)Single

There was a high proportion of Latvian nationals aged 15 years and over who were separated or divorced (15%) compared with the State (6%) in 2016 (Figure 1.7). Furthermore, 11 per cent of Latvian nationals were divorced compared with 3 per cent of the State population aged 15 years and over.



It's a Fact

  • 86 per cent of households headed by a Latvian national were living in rented accommodation in April 2016, the highest proportion of renters among all ten nationalities profiled.
  • Comparably, 28 per cent of all households in the State were living in rented accommodation.
Flat, apartment or bed-sitTerraced houseSemi-detached houseDetached house
State 2016 - Rent14829310038013799075850
State 2016 - Own37673171949319563613339
Latvian 2016 - Rent19958622103991
Latvian 2016 - Own86123268129
Latvian 2011 - Rent152595321261060
Latvian 2011 - Own818619881

Semi-detached houses and flats/apartments were the most popular accommodation types to rent among Latvian headed households, with approximately one third living in each.

While renting accommodation remained the most common among Latvian headed households the level of home ownership increased by over one third (35%) between 2011 and 2016.

It's a Fact

  • 18 per cent of family units headed by a Latvian national had no children (1,050 families), lower than the proportion of all families in the State without children (29%).