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Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change

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Total national emissions
1990-1994 56.3060664224223
1995-199962.9169822647923
2000-200468.8017468215236
2005-200967.0289633108559
0
201061.1048439011533
201156.9891934353769
201257.6115340974633
201357.4102147514188
201457.0985368856419
201559.2118125206129
201661.270201614439
201760.7437252502303

In 2017, Ireland’s greenhouse gas emissions were 60.7 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. This was a reduction compared with the peak average annual emissions of 68.8 million tonnes in 2000-2004, but was 7.9% higher than the 1990-1994 average of 56.3 million tonnes.

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Show Table: 4.1 EU: Greenhouse gas emissions 2017

In 2017, Ireland ranked ninth worst out of 28 EU Member States in terms of its total greenhouse gas emissions at 88.5 relative to the base year of 2005=100. 

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Tonnes of CO2 equivalent per capita
Sweden5.54782202933762
Malta5.61096422527194
Romania5.84450134517049
Latvia6.02829780382295
Croatia6.13174384654807
Hungary6.58212487781398
France7.21489532060455
Portugal7.23662270008661
Italy7.24481120432775
Lithuania7.28173070440577
United Kingdom7.67601117803312
Spain7.67917180407232
Slovakia8.00001766217882
Slovenia8.48436149949538
Bulgaria8.74216032731712
EU288.76685766126403
Denmark8.84145979774105
Greece9.18302077238029
Austria9.63500977160825
Finland10.4486510540863
Belgium10.5166940677837
Poland10.9630249037183
Germany 11.3425160060718
Cyprus11.6425675185599
Netherlands12.0498402160887
Czech Republic12.332795151066
Ireland13.3361982098841
Estonia16.0080493449931
Luxembourg20.2033971764124

In 2017, Ireland had the third highest emissions of greenhouse gases per capita in the EU at 13.3 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per capita. Ireland’s emissions were 51% higher than the EU28 average of 8.8 tonnes. Estonia and Luxembourg had the highest level of CO2 emissions per capita in 2017 at 16 and 20.2 tonnes respectively. Sweden had the lowest rate of emissions in 2017 at 5.5 tonnes per capita.

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Show Table: 4.2 Ireland: Greenhouse gas emissions by sector 1990-2017

AgricultureTransportEnergyIndustry, commercial and public servicesResidentialWaste and F gases
1990-199436.44441476097899.9349300780832621.597616990144516.484617476952412.42174715643453.11667353740655
1995-199934.445004495485612.765986079088123.42158945338915.746219763719210.29512398432423.32607622399382
2000-200429.538121599303716.79864529854523.862463310219516.17624413532799.784230464100573.84029519250332
2005-200928.516305104289520.139700372876322.001580645438515.478789993113810.84479310959233.01883077468959
2010-201431.980665884667519.299292542417421.077064427549213.500049835229511.29642313168712.84650417844927
000000
201532.304563191231919.949956641119720.082890507049913.996580935902710.20287878060443.46312994409143
201632.062780928346720.06627467664920.57807096283213.9187455021919.868550655204133.50557727477718
201733.275152414786219.759344659105919.333667184600114.6166832640049.452016977667343.56313549983635

Agriculture was the sector with the largest greenhouse gas emissions in Ireland over the 1990-2017 period with 33% of the total in 2017.

The transport share of greenhouse gas emissions doubled from an average annual 10% in 1990-1994 to 20% in 2017. The energy sector’s share of greenhouse gas emissions remained relatively stable over the 1990-2017 period. In 2017 it was the third largest sectoral contributor to emissions with 19% of the total.

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Average annual temperature
19619.2
19628.5
19638.2
19649.3
19658.5
19669.1
19679
19689.1
19698.8
19709.1
19719.6
19728.7
19739.4
19748.9
19759.6
19769.3
19779.1
19789.2
19798.4
19809
19819.2
19829.3
19839.6
19849.3
19858.6
19868.2
19878.9
19889.4
19899.8
19909.8
19919.4
19929.4
19939.2
19949.5
199510.1
19969.2
199710.3
199810.1
199910
20009.7
20019.5
200210
200310.1
200410
200510.2
200610.3
200710.4
20089.7
20099.6
20108.6
201110
20129.7
20139.8
201410.2
20159.7
201610
201710.3
201810.1

Average annual temperature in Ireland over the 1961-2018 period varied between 8.2 0Celsius in 1963 and 1986 and 10.4 0Celsius in 2007. The average annual temperature in 2018 was 10.1 0Celsius.

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Average annual rainfall
19411025
19421165.2
19431193.9
19441173.5
19451132.8
19461307.7
19471303.7
19481315.2
19491137.8
19501311.9
19511270
1952991.5
19531019.2
19541383.7
19551045.7
19561157.8
19571175.6
19581333.1
19591145.7
19601408
19611157.6
19621110.3
19631114.7
19641168.9
19651290.5
19661309.2
19671199
19681202
1969995.3
19701182.1
1971911.8
19721129
19731094.3
19741253.2
1975991
19761065.2
19771241.6
19781160.5
19791265.1
19801293.9
19811226.5
19821338.1
19831189.9
19841151.7
19851245.7
19861372.9
19871081.7
19881322.7
19891166.7
19901290.4
19911158.5
19921227.9
19931266.8
19941395.2
19951225.8
19961185.2
19971236.7
19981400.6
19991336.5
20001345.8
20011002.4
20021459.2
20031034.9
20041182.5
20051147
20061303.3
20071183.6
20081415.1
20091506
20101054.4
20111274.2
20121312.4
20131195.1
20141394.1
20151503.6
20161175.1
20171242.6
20181223.6

Average annual rainfall in Ireland over the 1941-2018 period varied between 912 millimetres in 1971 and 1,506 millimetres in 2009. The average rainfall figure in 2018 was 1,224 millimetres.

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