This publication is categorised as a CSO Frontier Series Output. Particular care must be taken when interpreting the statistics in this release as it may use new methods which are under development and/or data sources which may be incomplete, for example new administrative data sources.
As of the week ending 10 July 2022 there have been 43,256 Personal Public Service Numbers (PPSNs) issued to individuals from Ukraine under the Temporary Protection Directive.
Women aged 20 and over account for 47% of arrivals to date, while individuals aged 0-19 (both male and female) account for 37%.
The highest percentage of those arriving (39% or 17,034 individuals) were categorised as 'One parent with children' under the broad relationship classification headings used. Note that spouses/partners may have stayed in Ukraine.
As of 10 July 2022, of the arrivals that attended employment support events arranged by Intreo Public Employment Services, 66% were noted with English language proficiency being a challenge in securing employment.
Of the 13,514 arrivals who attended an Intreo event, 9,645 had recorded previous occupations with "Professionals" being the largest group at 33%. Of the 9,744 persons where the highest level of education was recorded, 69% had achieved an NFQ level equivalent to 7 or higher.
Based on administrative data currently available to the CSO, of the arrivals from Ukraine aged 18 and older, 91% showed activity in administrative data after 31 May 2022.
Commenting on the release, Karola Graupner, Statistician, said: “This Arrivals from Ukraine in Ireland release is the fourth in a series of releases by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) providing insights into Ireland’s response to the Ukrainian crisis. This release includes an analysis of Ukrainian arrivals who are availing of support and services from the Department of Social Protection, as well as providing insights into primary and secondary school enrolments overseen by the Department of Education. Also included is an experimental measure of arrivals from Ukraine that were still administratively active after 30 May 2022, incorporating PAYE Modernisation (PMOD) data. Furthermore, data on barriers to work, previous and current employment and education level is included in the release".
Further commenting on the release, Karola Graupner, Statistician, said: "Based on the local post office address as per the process through which refugees were seeking assistance from the Department of Social Protection, we also show two maps in this release based on mapping 39,519 individuals, or 91% of arrivals, to a local post office: the first map is a count of arrivals by Local Electoral Area (LEA), and the second is the rate of arrivals by LEA (per 100 of the Census 2016 population). Using the local post office address as a proxy for place of residence, arrivals from Ukraine are present in all LEAs and North Inner City in Dublin had the highest number of associated arrivals from Ukraine at 1,410.
Our analysis also shows that the rate per 100 of the population ranges across all LEAs in the country from 0.03% to 7.53%. The LEA with the highest rate is Ennistimon in Clare."
In response to the situation, the CSO provides statistics related to the Ukrainian crisis to an inter-Departmental group called the Senior Officials Group. The statistics include a weekly Department of Social Protection (DSP) extract which the CSO receives every Monday. Some of the aggregate data provided to the Group this week features in the release issued today (18 July 2022). This release is also a follow-up to Arrivals from Ukraine in Ireland Series 3.
As well as the strict legal protections set out in the Statistics Act, 1993, and other existing regulations, the CSO is committed to protecting individual privacy and all identifiable information from each of the data sources used in our analysis, such as name, date of birth and addresses, are removed before use and only anonymised statistical aggregates are produced. For further information on the data sources, linking procedures and definitions of this report, see Background Notes.
The Temporary Protection Directive (2001/55 EC) was activated on the 04 March 2022 by EU Council Decision EU 2022/382, to provide immediate protection in EU countries for people displaced by the Russian invasion of Ukraine that began on the 24 February 2022. This publication examines and analyses the population cohort that availed of the temporary protection and received a PPSN. Therefore, the figures quoted should be interpreted as estimates of the numbers arriving from Ukraine. For example, the number of persons who have arrived from Ukraine may not have received a PPSN yet, while the figures may also include those who received a PPSN earlier in the crisis but who are no longer resident in the State.
To avail of the Temporary Protection Directive and to reside in Ireland, an Arrival from Ukraine must meet the following criteria:
a) A Ukrainian national who was residing in Ukraine before 24 February 2022;
b) A national of a third country (other than Ukraine) or stateless person who would have benefited from international protection (for example: Refugee Status) or an equivalent national protection status in Ukraine and were residing there before 24 February 2022;
c) A family member* of persons covered by a) and b) above, where the family already existed in Ukraine at the time of events leading to the mass influx prior to 24 February 2022
*Family members include a spouse or partner, unmarried minor children of either of them, and their other close dependent family relatives who have been living with them as part of the family unit.
Temporary protection also applies to people who were residing in Ukraine before 24 February 2022 with a permanent Ukrainian residence permit, who cannot safely return to their country of origin.
Figure 1 shows the total cumulative number of arrivals (based on PPSN allocations) from Ukraine to Ireland for the week ending 10 July 2022 was 43,256. This is a 3% increase compared to the cumulative count one week earlier and a 16% increase compared to four weeks earlier.
* The week ending 27 February 2022 includes records first registered before this week and before the 25 February 2022. Data is cumulative.
Based on the 43,256 arrivals, 91% or 39,519 individuals could be mapped to a local post office address, through which they were seeking assistance from the Department of Social Protection, for instance to collect social protection payments personally. Using the post office address as a tentative proxy for place of residence, Map 1 presents the count for the week ending 10 July 2022 by LEA for the 39,519 mapped records. LEAs with lighter colours correspond with lower counts while the darker areas correspond with LEA with higher counts. Users can hover their mouse over the map to see the name of the LEA and the associated count. Users can also zoom in on the map to see some of the LEAs that are smaller in geographical area.
* Two LEAs were suppressed for statistical disclosure control purposes.
Table 2 shows the age and sex breakdown of arrivals as of 10 July 2022. We see that women aged 20 and over account for 47% of this cohort to date, while individuals aged 0-19 (both male and female) account for 37%.
* Data for the period 25 February 2022 - 13 March 2022 has been combined due to small numbers. Includes arrivals where a PPSN already existed upon re-entry. Data is cumulative.
Again using the same approach as described for Map 1 above, Map 2 shows the arrival rate (%) by LEA (per 100 of the population using the Census 2016 de facto definition) as of 10 July 2022. The rate ranges from 0.03% to 7.53% in LEAs across the country.
* De facto population from the 2016 Census. Two LEAs were suppressed for statistical disclosure control purposes.
Table 3 focuses on active welfare claims broken down by 'Working Age Income Supports', 'Child Benefits' and 'Other'. Please note that data is preliminary and subject to change as additional data becomes available, particularly for the most recent week reported.
|Table 3: Active welfare claims by week to arrivals from Ukraine, 20221,2|
|Type of welfare claim|
|Week||Working Age Income Supports3||Children4||Other5||Total number of active claims||Total number of children associated with a child benefit payment||Total beneficiaries (adults and children) of welfare schemes|
|07/03 - 13/03||2,072||5||74||2,151||11||2,082|
|14/03 - 20/03||4,626||5||157||4,788||11||4,675|
|21/03 - 27/03||7,374||7||232||7,613||11||7,442|
|28/03 - 03/04||10,364||4,227||288||14,879||6,790||17,550|
|04/04 - 10/04||14,949||4,228||324||19,501||6,790||19,029|
|11/04 - 17/04||16,891||4,228||363||21,482||6,790||20,150|
|18/04 - 24/04||18,684||4,231||387||23,302||6,790||21,100|
|25/04 - 01/05||22,369||6,598||423||29,390||10,409||25,957|
|02/05 - 08/05||19,296||6,545||468||26,309||10,306||26,449|
|09/05 - 15/05||17,577||6,549||502||24,628||10,306||27,175|
|16/05 - 22/05||17,896||6,551||528||24,975||10,306||27,912|
|23/05 - 29/05||18,277||6,557||547||25,381||10,306||28,457|
|30/05 - 05/06||18,534||13,275||598||32,407||12,435||31,319|
|06/06 - 12/06||18,874||13,144||608||32,626||11,944||31,404|
|13/06 - 19/06||19,447||13,152||621||33,220||11,944||32,097|
|20/06 - 26/06||19,973||13,167||636||33,776||11,944||32,790|
|27/06 - 03/07||19,966||14,090||643||34,699||13,249||34,514|
|04/07 - 10/07||18,618||13,940||582||33,140||12,867||33,414|
|1Data for the period 25/02 - 06/03 not shown due to small numbers|
|2Please note that data is preliminary and subject to change as additional data becomes available, particularly for the most recent week reported.|
|3Includes basic Supplementary Welfare Allowance, Jobseekers Allowance and others|
|4Includes Family Income Supplement, Child Benefit and Back to School Clothing and Footwear Allowance.|
|5'Other' includes pensions, Illness Benefit and others|
Table 4 shows that for the 5,526 persons with earnings from employment, the mean weekly earnings in June 2022 were €365 (based on CSO methodology - see 'Background Notes'). The most common sector of employment was Wholesale, Transport and Accommodation at 59%.
(NOTE: for official statistics on earnings data please see the Earnings, Hours and Employment Costs Survey (EHECS) and Earnings Analysis using Administrative Data Sources 2020 (EAADS).)
|Table 4: Number of arrivals from Ukraine with earnings from employment, by month, as of 10 July 20221|
|March 2022||April 2022||May 2022||June 2022|
|Number of persons with earnings from employment||329||2,224||4,261||5,526|
|under 25 years of age||24||172||328||471|
|25 years and over||70||437||828||1,080|
|under 25 years of age||52||397||710||915|
|25 years and over||183||1,218||2,395||3,060|
|Mean weekly earnings in € 2||376||359||355||365|
|Median weekly earnings in € 2||294||309||296||318|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (A)||31||115||165||210|
|Wholesale, Transport and Accommodation (G,H,I)||163||1,416||2,679||3,276|
|ICT, Scientific and Recreation (J,M,R)||23||104||214||298|
|Financial, Real Estate, Administrative (K,L,N,S)||33||243||506||693|
|Public Service, Education and Health (O,P,Q)||*||56||160||295|
|1All data is preliminary and subject to change|
|2Uses gross pay, per person|
|3NACE sector of the employment with highest weekly earnings per month and person|
Since 11 April 2022, Intreo Public Employment Services (of the DSP) have been arranging employment support events for arrivals from Ukraine and, as of 10 July 2022, those events have been attended by 13,514 arrivals.
The previous occupation of those arrivals from Ukraine are shown in Table 5. ‘Professionals’ were the largest broad group among the classification listed of the 9,645 persons having recorded work history, with 33% (or 3,180 persons).
Of the persons that attended Intreo events, 66% were noted with English language proficiency being a challenge in securing employment, see Table 6.
Of the 9,744 persons where the highest level of education was recorded, 69% had achieved an NFQ level equivalent to 7 or higher, see Table 7.
|Table 5: Previous occupation1,2 of arrivals from Ukraine attending Intreo events, as of 10 July 2022|
|Number of persons3||13,514|
|Number of persons with recorded work history||9,645|
|Service and sales workers||1,771||18%|
|Technicians and associate professionals||1,294||13%|
|Clerical support workers||461||5%|
|Craft and related trades workers||412||4%|
|Plant and machine operators and assemblers||336||3%|
|1 ESCO level 1|
|2 Persons who have engaged with the Public Employment Service (PES) by attending Intreo events|
|Table 6: Arrivals from Ukraine attending Intreo events with assessed barriers to employment, as of 10 July 2022 1,2|
|Number of persons||13,514|
|aged 24 and under||1,522||11%|
|aged 25 and over||11,992||89%|
|Number of persons with 1 or more barriers recorded||9,330|
|Total number where the English language represents a barrier to work||8,981||66%|
|aged 24 and under||794||52%|
|aged 25 and over||8,187||68%|
|Total number where access to childcare and/or transport represents a barrier to work||664||5%|
|1Can choose multiple|
|2Persons who have engaged with the Public Employment Service (PES) by attending Intreo events|
|Table 7: Highest education level of arrivals from Ukraine attending Intreo events, as of 10 July 20221,2|
|Number of persons with education level recorded||9,744|
|Number of persons||13,514|
|1 Persons who have engaged with the Public Employment Service (PES) by attending Intreo events and where education level was recorded|
|2 All Persons with education level recorded|
Looking at relationships between arrivals from Ukraine, based on PPSN allocations data, Table 8 shows that 39% (or 17,034 individuals) were in the relationship category 'One parent with children', the highest percentage among the broad relationship categories used. Relationships to persons who did not arrive under the Temporary Protection Directive - for example persons already resident in Ireland, or persons such as spouses remaining in Ukraine, are excluded.
* Note that the relationship categories reported are based on data from PPSN allocations.
Table 9 shows that as of the latest available data, 6,890 arrivals from Ukraine have enrolled in schools in the academic year 2021/22, with 71% of these in primary schools and the remaining 29% in secondary schools. Dublin has the highest number of children enrolled in schools at 1,205 while Monaghan had the lowest at 23.
|Table 9: Enrolments in primary and secondary education of arrivals from Ukraine by county, 20221,2|
|County||Number of primary enrolments3||Number of secondary enrolments4|
|1Based on most recent enrolment data. The data on enrolments in this release is not directly comparable with figures published by the Department of Education as data were extracted at different times. County is that of the school.|
|2As the academic year 2021/22 has now been closed, the enrolment figures reported are considered the final enrolments for pupils from Ukraine for the year 2021/22|
|3As of 13 June 2022|
|4As of 07 June 2022|
In this release, of the 6,890 arrivals from Ukraine that enrolled in schools, 78% were successfully linked to Department of Social Protection administrative data using a pseudonymised Protected Identifier Key (PIK). For further information on the data sources, linking procedures and definitions of this report, see Background Notes. Table 10 shows that average time between the allocation of a PPSN to enrolment in primary or secondary school was just over two weeks.
|Table 10: Average number of weeks between PPSN registration and school enrolment by week of PPSN registration 1,2,3|
|Average number of weeks from PPSN registration to school enrolment|
|07/03 - 13/03||2.4|
|14/03 - 20/03||2.0|
|21/03 - 27/03||2.0|
|28/03 - 03/04||2.5|
|04/04 - 10/04||3.1|
|11/04 - 17/04||2.4|
|18/04 - 24/04||2.2|
|25/04 - 01/05||2.0|
|02/05 - 08/05||1.6|
|09/05 - 15/05||1.5|
|16/05 - 22/05||1.3|
|All matched records||2.3|
|1Enrolments up to the week ending 13/03 were combined, and latest weeks not shown due to small numbers as preliminary|
|2Uses the date of first enrolment|
|3Note that school holidays such as half term breaks e.g. weeks 11/04 - 17/04 and 18/04 - 24/04, will be a contributory factor in the length between PPSN registration and enrolment for some pupils.|
|4As the academic year 2021/22 has now been closed, the enrolment figures reported are considered the final enrolments for pupils from Ukraine for the year 2021/22|
Primary and secondary enrolments for the academic year 2021/2022 have now ceased but additional statistics on enrolments on the last academic year can be found in 'Arrivals from Ukraine in Ireland - Series 3'.
Experimental Table 11 below gives an indication if arrivals from Ukraine have stayed or left Ireland by examining activity in administrative data. Subject to revision, 91% of persons aged 18 and over had activity after the 31 May 2022 in the available data, see Background notes. The rate of administrative activity after 31 May 2022 could be underestimated as it is based on the administrative data currently available to the CSO. The availability of more real-time data to the CSO, such as weekly PAYE Modernisation (PMOD) data, will help provide more up to date statistics in this series going forward.
|Table 11: Last activity by PPSN allocation for individuals aged 18 and over 1,2|
|PPSN allocation||Allocations to arrivals from Ukraine||Last activity by week ending|
|2022 March 31||2022 April 30||2022 May 31||2022 June 30||after 2022 June 30|
|Up to and including 31 March 2022||10,430||427||409||651||7,821||1,122|
|1 April 2022 - 30 April 2022||7,349||.||480||372||5,650||847|
|1 May 2022 - 31 May 2022||4,989||.||.||358||3,902||729|
|1 June 2022 - 30 June 2022||4,653||.||.||.||3,326||1,327|
|After 30 June 2022||1,195||.||.||.||.||1,195|
|1Latest activity either address change with DSP, welfare payment pickup from a post office, attendance of an Intreo event or PAYE payment from employment|
|2PMOD available to end of June 2022 only hence counts of last activity in W/E 30 June may be over estimated, while later weeks not shown as not all data available for a complete comparison with earlier weeks of the crisis|