Back to Top

 Skip navigation

Income

Open in Excel:

The nominal median household disposable income in 2020 was €43,915 and the mean was €52,941. See tables 2.1c and 2.1d.

The phrase ‘nominal’ indicates that the figure has not been adjusted for inflation. Disposable household income is gross household income less total tax, social insurance contributions, pension contributions and inter-household transfers paid.   See Survey on Income and Living Conditions 2020 SILC Fact Sheet (Pdf 444kb).

In 2020, households with Three or more persons at work had the highest nominal median household disposable income (€87,855), compared with €24,892 for households with No one at work.

Households containing One adult aged 65 or over had the lowest nominal median household disposable income (€17,312), compared with €75,285 for households composed of Three or more adults and no childrenSee figure 2.1.

X-axis labelMedian Nominal Household Disposable Income (Euro)
1 adult aged 65 years and over17312
1 adult aged less than 65 years23628
2 adults, at least 1 aged 65 years and over37911
2 adults, both aged less than 65 years53582
3 or more adults75285
1 adult, with children under 18 years29506
2 adults, with 1-3 children under 18 years58008
Other households with children under 18 years66754

Household disposable income increases as the highest level of education attained by the head of household increases.  Where the head of household had an educational attainment of Primary level or below the nominal median household disposable income was €24,196, compared with €58,714 for those with a Third level degree or above.

Owner-occupied households had a nominal median household disposable income of €49,818 in 2020, compared with €36,366 for rented and rent-free households. See figure 2.2.

X-axis labelMedian Nominal Household Disposable Income (Euro)
Owner-occupied49818
Rented or rent free36366

Households in the Eastern and Midlands region had a nominal median household disposable income of €50,513, compared with €40,640 in the Southern region, and €35,076 in the Northern and Western region. 

Open in Excel:

Equivalised income allows for a more meaningful comparison of income across households by accounting for the number of adults and children living in the household and thus allowing analysis at an individualised level. See At Risk of Poverty Indicators Explained (PDF 717KB) .

The nominal median equivalised disposable income in 2020 was €24,013 and the corresponding at risk of poverty threshold stood at €14,408, i.e. 60% of the median.

Persons Unable to work due to long-standing health problems had the lowest nominal median equivalised disposable income in 2020, at €16,670, compared with €28,221 for Employed persons. See figure 2.3 and table 2.1g.

X-axis labelMedian Equivalised Nominal Disposable Income (Euro)
Employed28221
Unemployed16920
Retired22635
Unable to work due to long-standing health problems16670
Student, pupil21112
Fulfilling domestic tasks18812

Individuals with a highest level of educational attainment of Third level degree or higher had the highest nominal median equivalised disposable income of the categories analysed in 2020, at €32,337.  This compares with €17,540 for those with Primary level education or lower. See figure 2.4.

X-axis labelMedian Equivalised Nominal Disposable Income (Euro)
Third level degree or higher32337
Third level non-degree26017
Post leaving certificate22140
Upper secondary22860
Lower secondary19891
Primary or below17540

Nominal median equivalised disposable income for Males was €24,073 in 2020, the corresponding figure for Females was €23,939.

By age group, persons Aged 65 or over had the lowest nominal median equivalised disposable income (€21,754), followed by children Aged 0-17 (€22,179), while persons Aged 35-49 had the highest (€25,667).

Individuals living in the Eastern and Midlands region had a nominal median equivalised disposable income of €25,868, which was 26.4% higher than those living in the Northern and Western region (€20,465) and 14.6% higher than those living in the Southern region (€22,575).

Open in Excel:

Gross income includes social transfers plus market income, such as employment, pension and other income. In 2020, the weekly equivalised gross income was €744.27, comprised of €642.22 in market income and €102.05 in social transfers.

Mean weekly equivalised market income increased from €88.26 for persons in the first decile to €1,965.40  for those in the tenth, while the average for social transfers ranged from €181.29 for persons in the second decile to €44.99 for those in the tenth decile.  Almost all gross income in the top decile is from market income (97.8%), compared with 39.6% in the lowest decile. See table 2.4 and figure 2.5.

X-axis labelTotal social transfersTotal market income
1st decile134.7388.26
2nd decile181.29128.81
3rd decile162.42216.26
4th decile119.16346.35
5th decile107.27437.81
6th decile96.34547.2
7th decile66.86702.67
8th decile57.62880.57
9th decile49.931106.09
10th decile44.991965.4

Disposable income is gross income less total tax, social insurance contributions, pension contributions and inter-household transfers paid. Mean nominal weekly equivalised disposable income was €532.04 in 2020, ranging from €208.29 for the first decile to €1,250.74 for those in the tenth. Mean weekly equivalised deductions (tax, social insurance, pension contributions, inter-household transfers paid) stood at €212.23 on average in 2020, increasing from €14.70 for persons in decile one to €759.65 in decile ten.

Open in Excel:

Less than half of those describing their principal economic status as Unemployed (45.9%) and those Unable to work due to long-standing health problems (46.8%) are in the first quintile, i.e. the lowest 20%, of the net disposable equivalised income distribution, compared with one in ten (9.8%) of those that are EmployedSee table 2.6 and figure 2.6.

Quintile 5Quintile 4Quintile 3Quintile 2Quintile 1
Fulfilling domestic tasks8.612.11826.734.5
Student, pupil12.517.519.625.125.2
Unable to work due to long-standing health problems4.99.616.122.546.8
Retired17.218.518.823.322.3
Unemployed7.98.516.121.645.9
Employed29.225.220.815.09.8
Open in Excel:

Quintile Share Ratio

The quintile share ratio is the ratio of the total equivalised disposable income received by the 20% of persons with the highest income (fifth quintile) to that received by the 20% of persons with the lowest income (first quintile). In 2020 the quintile share ratio stood at 4.1, indicating that the total income of the richest 20% was over four times that of the poorest 20%, at 37.6% and 9.3% respectively. See figure 2.7.

Quintile 5 Quintile 4 Quintile 3 Quintile 2 Quintile 1
202037.622.417.313.49.3
Open in Excel:

The Gini coefficient measures income equality across the entire income distribution.  It is the ratio of the area between the line of perfect equality and the observed Lorenz curve to the area between the line of perfect equality and the line of perfect inequality.  A Gini coefficient value of 0% denotes perfect equality, indicating that income is distributed equally amongst all persons.  A Gini Coefficient of 100% would denote perfect inequality where all the income is held by one person.  In 2020 the Gini coefficient, expressed as a percentage, was 28.5%. If calculated before social transfers were included in income, the gini coefficient would have been 43.5%. See figure 2.8.

X-axis labelPerfect EqualityCumulative equivalised disposable incomeCumulative Equivalised Disposable Income excluding Social Transfers
0000
1100
2210
3310
4410
5520
6620
7730
8830
9940
101040
111150
121250
131360
141460
151571
161671
171781
181881
191992
2020102
2121102
2222112
2323113
2424123
2525134
2626134
2727145
2828155
2929156
3030166
3131177
3232177
3333188
3434198
3535199
36362010
37372110
38382211
39392212
40402312
41412413
42422514
43432515
44442615
45452716
46462817
47472918
48483019
49493019
50503120
51513221
52523322
53533423
54543524
55553625
56563726
57573827
58583928
59593929
60604030
61614131
62624232
63634334
64644435
65654636
66664737
67674838
68684940
69695041
70705142
71715243
72725345
73735446
74745647
75755749
76765850
77775951
78786053
79796254
80806356
81816457
82826659
83836761
84846862
85857064
86867166
87877367
88887469
89897671
90907773
91917975
92928177
93938279
94948481
95958683
96968886
97979088
98989391
99999695
100100100100
Open in Excel:
Show Table: Table 2.1a Median real household disposable income by demographic characteristics, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.1b Mean real household disposable income by demographic characteristics, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.1c Median nominal household disposable income by demographic characteristics, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.1d Mean nominal household disposable income by demographic characteristics, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.1e Median equivalised real disposable income by demographic characteristics, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.1f Mean equivalised real disposable income by demographic characteristics, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.1g Median equivalised nominal disposable income by demographic characteristics, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.1h Mean equivalised nominal disposable income by demographic characteristics, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.2a Composition of nominal household income and nominal equivalised income, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.2b Composition of real household income and real equivalised income, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.3a Nominal median income measures, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.3b Nominal mean income measures, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.4 Average weekly equivalised income by net disposable equivalised income deciles and composition of net equivalised disposable income, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.5 Average weekly household income by net disposable household income deciles and composition of net household disposable income, 2020

Show Table: Table 2.6 Demographic characteristics of individuals by net disposable equivalised income deciles, 2020

PxStat Tables are here

Go to next chapter >>>  Poverty and Deprivation