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Income in Ireland

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Employee income made up the largest part of gross income in Ireland in 2016 at 62.9%, see Figure 1.1, followed by self-employment income (11.9%) and state pensions (6.5%). The other main components were private and occupational pensions (6.0%), working age income supports (3.6%), illness, disability and carers welfare (3.5%), child-related welfare (2.5%) and rental income (2.2%). The remaining income came from other social welfare (0.6%) and higher education grants (0.3%), see Background and Methodology for further details on social welfare income.

Sources of admin incomePercentage of gross income
Employee income62.9
Self-employed income11.9
State pensions6.5
Private & occupational pensions6
Working age income supports3.6
Illness, disability & carers welfare3.5
Child-related welfare2.5
Rental income2.2
Higher & further education grants0.3
Supplementary welfare0.3
Working age employment supports0.3

Nearly two thirds of households had gross income below €60,000

Nearly two thirds (62.6%) of Irish households had a gross income of less than €60,000 in 2016. In contrast, only 14.1% had an income above €100,000, see Figure 1.2.

Where income data could not be sourced from administrative sources (1.5%), households were labelled as "No income", see Background and Methodology for further details.

The median gross income per household was €45,256 in 2016, see Table 1.1.

Household gross income bracketProportion of Irish households
No income1.5
€1 - €20,00017.8
€20,000 - €40,00025.7
€40,000 - €60,00019.1
€60,000 - €80,00013.3
€80,000 - €100,0008.5
€100,000 - €120,0005.3
€120,000 - €140,0003.1
€140,000 - €160,0001.9
€160,000 - €180,0001.1
€180,000 - €200,0000.8
€200,000 +1.9

Households in Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown had highest income

Households in Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown had the highest median income in 2016 at €66,203, followed by Fingal (€58,795) and Kildare (€54,472), see Map 1.1 and Table 1.1. 

Households with the lowest incomes were in Donegal (€32,259), Leitrim (€34,800) and Longford (€34,892).

Household income at Electoral Division level is shown in Map 1.2

Show Table: Table 1.1: Household median gross income by county, 2016

Map 1.2 Household median gross income by ED, 2016

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Malahide highest income town

Households in Malahide had the highest median income (€78,631) of all 41 towns in Ireland with a population of 10,000 or over, (excluding the cities and suburbs of Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway and Waterford), in 2016. Celbridge had the second highest at €64,877 while Maynooth was third at €64,529, see Figure 1.3.

The towns with the lowest medians were Longford (€29,224), Enniscorthy (€31,049) and Ballina (€32,779), see Table 1.2.

Nine of the ten highest medians were in Leinster. Carrigaline had the highest median for Munster at €59,353, Castlebar had the highest in Connacht at €37,271 and Letterkenny had the highest in Ulster at €35,818.

SettlementHousehold median gross income
Malahide78630.68
Celbridge64876.5
Maynooth64528.7
Greystones63231.6
Leixlip63105.55
Naas61241.45
Swords60409.3
Carrigaline59353
Skerries58874.58
Ashbourne58257.15
Show Table: Table 1.2: Population and household median gross income by town, 2016

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown had lowest proportion of households where working age social welfare was majority of income

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown had the lowest proportion of households where the majority of gross income came from working age social welfare at 5.8% in 2016, see Map 1.3. Meath had the next lowest proportion at 10.3%, followed by Fingal at 10.5%.

In contrast, one in five households in Longford (20.4%), Donegal (20.2%) and Carlow (18.6%) received the majority of their income from working age social welfare payments.

Note that a household where over half of its gross income came from working age social welfare (excluding child benefits and state pension) was considered majority of income.

Further details of households where working age social welfare was majority of income at Electoral Division level are in Map 1.4.

Map 1.4: Proportion of households where working age social welfare was majority of income by ED, 2016

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A production error was discovered in Map 1.4 and related statbank table. The proportions of households where working age social welfare was majority of household income by electoral division were incorrect - these proportions were calculated as a proportion of persons in the electoral division and not households. Map and Table IIA02 in Statbank updated 4/7/19.

Fingal had lowest proportion of households where state pension was majority of income

Fingal had the lowest proportion of households where state pension was majority of income at 6.9%, followed by Galway City (8.0%) and Kildare (9.4%), see Map 1.5 and Table 1.3.

Donegal had the highest proportion of households at 18.5%, followed by Leitrim (17.8%) and Mayo (17.6%).

Note that a household where over half of its gross income came from state pension was considered majority of income.

Further details of the distribution of households where state pension was majority of gross income at Electoral Division level are available in Map 1.6.

Map 1.6: Proportion of households where state pension was majority of income by ED, 2016

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A production error was discovered in Map 1.6 and related statbank table. The proportions of households where state pension was majority of household income by electoral division were incorrect - these proportions were calculated as a proportion of persons in the electoral division and not households. Map and Table IIA03 in Statbank updated 4/7/19.

Show Table: Table 1.3: Proportion of households where working age social welfare & state pension were majority of household income by county, 2016

Link to interactive tables: Statbank

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