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Commuting

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The Commuters chapter was updated on 11/10/19 to clarify the defintion of commuters used in the analysis and to advise of additional tables, which allow detailed analysis of earned income of all commuters by County, Commuting Time, Means of travel and statistic, having been made available in statbank.

Commuters who travelled for longer earned more

In this chapter, unless otherwise specified, the term commuter refers to those who commute away from home to work, and excludes those who work from home. To enable comparison between commuters it is also limited to those who have worked more than 40 weeks in the year as per P35 data.

The median earned income was €32,004 for commuters travelling 'Less than 30 minutes' compared to €41,495 for commuters travelling 'Greater than 30 minutes' in 2016, see Figure 7.1, a difference of €9,491. The median earned income for all commuters in Ireland in 2016 was €34,579.

Note that earned income in this chapter includes gross income from employment and self-employment only and was not adjusted for hours worked, see Background and Methodology for further details.

Travel timeLess than 30 minutesGreater than 30 minutes
Median earned income3200441495

Commuters who travelled greater than 30 minutes to Dublin had highest income

Commuters who travelled 'Greater than 30 minutes' to Dublin had a median earned income of €43,727, compared to commuters travelling 'Greater than 30 minutes' to other cities (€38,592) and to the rest of Ireland (€39,913), see Figure 7.2.

The difference in earnings between travelling 'Less than 30 minutes' (€29,503) and 'Greater than 30 minutes' (€39,913) was highest for commuters travelling to the rest of Ireland, which was over €9,000.

Travel timeLess than 30 minutesGreater than 30 minutes
To Dublin3672643727
To other cities3384038591.5
To rest of Ireland2950338913

Commuters income was higher with age and travel time

Median earned income and the difference between median earned incomes by travel time tended to be higher with age in 2016, see Figure 7.3.

The difference between earnings for commuters aged between '40-49' travelling 'Less than 30 minutes' (€35,471) and 'Greater than 30 minutes' (€49,265) was over €13,000, compared to less than €500 for commuters aged '<20'.

Age group Less than 30 minutes Greater than 30 minutes
<201515815568.5
20 - 292461328708
30 - 3933349.542136
40 - 493547149265
50 - 593525847795
60 - 693074440580

Commuters who worked in the Industry sectors and travelled greater than 30 minutes had highest income

Commuters in the Industry sectors who travelled 'Greater than 30 minutes' had the highest median earned income at €49,428 in 2016, see Figure 7.4.

The difference between earnings for commuters travelling 'Less than 30 minutes' (€36,661) and 'Greater than 30 minutes' (€49,428) was highest for Industry also, at nearly €13,000, compared with the difference in earnings for commuters within the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing sectors, which was around €5,000.

SectorsLess than 30 minutesGreater than 30 minutes
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (A)2397228881.5
Industry (B,C,D,E)3666149428
Construction (F)3144937768
Wholesale, Transport and Accomodation (G,H,I)2417232171
ICT, Scientific and Recreation (J,M,R)3869847735
Financial,Real Estate, Administrative & Services (K,L,N,S)29272.539418
Public Service, Education and Health (O,P,Q)3813543874

Difference in earnings was nearly €15,000 for commuters who travelled greater than 30 minutes from Wicklow

Map 7.1 and Table 7.1 detail earned income for all commuters, with no limit on weeks worked, here the difference in median earnings by travel time of commuters who travelled from Wicklow was €14,805 in 2016, the highest in the country, followed by Louth (€13,407) and Westmeath (€13,261) in 2016, see Map 7.1. Cork City commuters saw no difference in median earnings based on travel time, while there was a difference of €1,532 for commuters from Dublin City and €3,223 for commuters from South Dublin. 

Further breakdown by Electoral Division of residence is provided in Map 7.2, where there were more than 10 commuters in an Electoral Division in 2016.

Show Table: Table 7.1: Median earned incomes by travel time and county, 2016

Map 7.2: Difference in median earnings per commuter travelling greater than 30 minutes by ED, 2016

View map

Cyclists travelling to Dublin earned higher income than car drivers

Commuters on motor cycles or scooters travelling to Dublin had the highest median value for earned income in 2016 of €47,689. The next highest median values were for commuters travelling to Dublin on bikes (€44,812) and train, dart or luas passengers (€44,676), see Figure 7.5.

The lowest median values for earned income were €29,200 for commuters travelling to Dublin who were car passengers and €31,898 for those travelling to Dublin by bus, minibus or coach.

Means of travelMedian earned income
Motor cycle or scooter47689
Bicycle44811.5
Train, DART or Luas44676
Driving a car42634
Other, including lorry or van37115
On foot32552
Bus, minibus or coach31898
Passenger in a car29200

Additional tables, which allow further detailed analysis of earned income of all commuters by County, Commuting Time, Means of travel and statistic, are available in statbank.

These table are

IIA17  : Earned Income by County, Broad Commuting Time and Statistic

IIA18 :  Earned Income by County, Means of Travel, Detailed Commuting Time and Statistic

Link to interactive tables: Statbank

Go to next chapter: Background and Methodology