Back to Top

 Skip navigation

Earnings and Labour Costs Q1 2022 (Final) Q2 2022 (Preliminary Estimates)

Average weekly earnings up 2.4% in the year to Q2 2022

CSO statistical publication, , 11am

Key Findings

  • Average weekly earnings were €871.62 in Q2 2022, an increase of 2.4% from €850.81 in Q2 2021.

  • Average hourly earnings increased by 2.7% to €26.78 from €26.07 in Q2 2021.

  • Average weekly paid hours recorded no change in the year from Q2 2021 to Q2 2022, remaining at 32.6.

  • The job vacancy rate at the end of Q2 2022 was 1.6%, recording no change from 1.6% at the end of Q1 2022 and up from 1.2% at the end of Q2 2021.

  • Average hourly other labour costs increased by 43.0% to €4.16 from €2.91 in Q2 2021.

  • The sector with the highest average hourly total labour costs was the Information & Communication sector with a rate of €48.39, followed by the Financial, Insurance & Real Estate Activities sector at €45.72.

  • The sectors with the lowest cost of employing labour were the Accommodation & Food Services Activities sector with average hourly total labour costs of €14.72 and the Arts, Entertainment, Recreation & Other Service Activities sector with €22.80.

  • The sectors with the highest job vacancy rate in Q2 2022 were the Professional, Scientific & Technical Activities sector with a rate of 4.4%, followed by the Financial, Insurance & Real Estate Activities sector with a rate of 3.1%.

Statistician's Comment

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) has today (30 August 2022) issued Earnings and Labour Costs results in respect of Preliminary estimates for Q2 2022 and Final estimates for Q1 2022.

Commenting on the data, Louise Egan, Statistician in the Earnings Analysis Division, said: “Preliminary estimates for Q2 2022 show average weekly earnings were €871.62, an increase of 2.4% compared with €850.81 in Q2 2021. Average weekly earnings rose by 13.0% over three years from €771.63 in Q2 2019 (pre-COVID-19) to €871.62 in Q2 2022.

 

Average hourly earnings increased on an annual basis by 2.7% to €26.78 while average weekly paid hours recorded no change in the year from Q2 2021 to Q2 2022, remaining at 32.6. Average hourly earnings rose by 13.0% over three years from €23.69 in Q2 2019 to €26.78 in Q2 2022. 

 

Average hourly other labour costs increased by 43.0% across all economic sectors to €4.16 from €2.91 in Q2 2021. A significant factor in this increase was the winding down of the Employment Wage Subsidy Scheme (EWSS). EWSS, administered by the Revenue Commissioners, ended on 30 April 2022 for most enterprises and ended on 31 May 2022 for all remaining enterprises directly impacted by the public health restrictions introduced in December 2021. Refunded payments to enterprises, including EWSS, were recorded as subsidies and refunds received in the quarter, being amounts received by enterprises intended to refund part or all of the cost of wages and salaries and are deducted from other labour costs.

 

The job vacancy rate in Q2 2022, which measures job vacancies on the last working day of the quarter, was 1.6%, recording no change from 1.6% at the end of Q1 2022 and up from 1.1% at the end of Q2 2019."

Preliminary Estimates Q2 2022

 

Headline Table: Earnings, Hours and Labour Costs, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted by quarter
 Unadjusted Seasonally Adjusted
 Average Weekly EarningsAverage Hourly EarningsAverage Weekly Paid HoursAverage Hourly Total Labour CostsAverage Weekly EarningsAverage Hourly EarningsAverage Weekly Paid HoursAverage Hourly Total Labour Costs
  € €Hours € € €Hours €
Q2 2021850.8126.0732.628.98849.6226.0132.728.91
Q1 2022885.3327.4232.331.02870.0026.5432.730.21
Q2 2022871.6226.7832.630.93871.2626.7132.730.83
Quarterly change %    0.10.6-2.1
Annual change %2.42.7-6.7    
Figure 1: Average Weekly Earnings

Note: While there is no internationally agreed methodology for assessing the public / private sector wage gap, the CSO has published analysis of the differential using a matched Labour Force Survey and P35 dataset for 2015-2018. This analysis took account of compositional differences between the public and private sector, such as occupational mix, sectors of activity, gender balance, union membership, etc. The public sector pay gap in 2018 was estimated to range from -3.8% to +0.1% depending on the specification applied and the treatment of the Pension Levy.

See most recent analysis for 2015-2018 here. See also previous versions for 2007-2010 here (PDF 678KB) and for 2011-2014 here (PDF 686KB)

Note: Temporary Census field staff are included in the estimates for Q2 2022. The impact of temporary Census field staff on estimates is illustrated in Table A4.

Earnings and Hours

Average weekly earnings were €871.62 in Q2 2022, an increase of 2.4% compared with €850.81 from one year earlier according to preliminary estimates of the Earnings and Labour Costs quarterly release. The sector showing the largest annual percentage increase in average weekly earnings in Q2 2022 was the Information & Communication sector (11%) where average weekly earnings rose from €1,299.98 to €1,442.80 in the year to Q2 2022. The second largest increase was 9.5% in the Transportation & Storage sector which rose from €794.61 to €870.10 over the year.

In the five years to Q2 2022, average weekly earnings rose by 21%. All sectors saw increases to average weekly earnings over this period.

Average hourly earnings increased on an annual basis by 2.7% to €26.78 in Q2 2022, while average weekly paid hours recorded no change in the year from Q2 2021 to Q2 2022, remaining at 32.6.

When considering the change in earnings, it should be noted that there may be a compositional effect due to the significant changes in employment in certain sectors. The composition of the labour market in Q2 2022 may be very different to previous quarters, including Q2 2021, against which annual percentage changes are measured. The accompanying twelfth series of the Labour Market Insight Bulletin (last in the series) gives greater detail on compositional changes in employment in certain sectors. An analysis of the earnings for employments that were active in more than one quarter is also included.

5 Year % Change
Information and communication34.2339324922779
Admin & support service31.0188651679237
Construction25.5199036984766
Arts & entertainment24.2161455036503
Professional & technical22.8129221329304
Financial & real estate21.8100847852772
All sectors20.9709654138678
Accommodation & food18.8176935043588
Industry16.4408130729374
Wholesale & retail16.4311389906964
Health & social15.7169038687323
Education12.3063122841941
Transportation11.3414462487364
Public admin & defence7.27449891558313
NACE Code Description
Total All Sectors K-L Financial, insurance and real estate activities
B-E Industry M Professional, scientific and technical activities
F Construction N Administrative and support service activities
G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles O Public Administration and defence; compulsory social security
H Transportation and storage P Education
I Accommodation and food service activities Q Human health and social work activities
J Information and communication R-S Arts, entertainment, recreation and other service activities

 

X-axis labelUnadjustedSeasonally Adjusted
Q21521.8621.88
Q31521.5021.95
Q41521.9121.92
Q11622.5522.04
Q21621.9722.01
Q31621.5622.04
Q41622.1822.19
Q11722.6922.16
Q21722.2722.30
Q31722.1622.65
Q41722.6022.64
Q11823.4022.82
Q21822.9422.96
Q31822.6223.16
Q41823.3323.40
Q11924.0523.40
Q21923.6923.69
Q31923.5324.13
Q41924.2324.35
Q12024.7624.01
Q22025.3925.35
Q32024.3825.09
Q42025.5625.69
Q12126.8326.02
Q22126.0726.01
Q32125.2926.09
Q42126.2726.39
Q12227.4226.54
Q22226.7826.71
Q2 2021Q2 2022
Industry24.7925.95
Construction22.4924.46
Wholesale & retail20.4621.28
Transportation22.523.34
Accommodation & food15.6315.05
Information & communication34.6838.8
Financial & real estate35.1736.85
Professional & technical29.4831.58
Admin & support service22.0322.26
Public admin & defence28.4428.99
Education37.8438.79
Health & social24.325.57
Arts & entertainment19.9320.39
All sectors26.0726.78
X-axis labelUnadjustedSeasonally Adjusted
Q21532.032.0
Q31532.232.0
Q41532.532.1
Q11631.731.9
Q21632.132.0
Q31632.632.3
Q41632.432.4
Q11732.032.4
Q21732.432.4
Q31732.432.3
Q41732.432.3
Q11831.832.3
Q21832.532.5
Q31832.832.5
Q41832.532.5
Q11932.132.4
Q21932.632.6
Q31932.732.6
Q41932.532.4
Q12032.332.3
Q22032.232.3
Q32032.632.4
Q42033.132.7
Q12132.132.7
Q22132.632.7
Q32133.132.6
Q42132.932.7
Q12232.332.7
Q22232.632.7

Total Labour Costs

Average hourly total labour costs were €30.93 across all economic sectors in Q2 2022. The sector with the highest average hourly total labour costs was the Information & Communication sector with a rate of €48.39, followed by the Financial, Insurance & Real Estate Activities sector at €45.72. The sectors with the lowest cost of employing labour were the Accommodation & Food Services Activities sector with average hourly total labour costs of €14.72 and the Arts, Entertainment, Recreation & Other Service Activities sector with €22.80.

Average hourly total labour costs increased by 19.6% over the five years to Q2 2022, from €25.86 per hour to €30.93. The percentage changes across the sectors ranged from 31% in the Information & Communication sector to 5.2% in the Accommodation & Food Services Activities sector.

5 Year % Change
Information and communication30.9962100703844
Admin & support service25.2862120457939
Construction22.0738762794838
Professional & technical21.7877094972067
Financial & real estate21.1767824012722
Arts & entertainment19.6222455403988
Total19.6055684454756
Wholesale & retail18.427285646613
Industry14.6252285191956
Health & social13.4423613881133
Education12.9853095487933
Public admin & defence12.1788102780711
Transportation8.89967637540454
Accommodation & food5.2180128663331

Public Sector

Average weekly earnings increased by 1.2% across the public sector in the year to Q2 2022, rising from €1,030.85 to €1,043.57. An Garda Síochána recorded the highest average weekly earnings in the public sector of €1,503.32 in Q2 2022 while the Education sector recorded the highest average hourly earnings in the quarter of €43.44.

Q2 2021Q2 2022
Civil service980.22978.84
Defence956.9915.17
Garda Siochana1480.511503.32
Education1060.141053.46
Regional bodies874.86889.17
Health986.621013.85
Semi-state1092.381143.83
All sectors1030.851043.57
Q2 2021Q2 2022
Civil service4510044500
Defence89009000
Garda Siochana1450014400
Education113100113400
Regional bodies3510035400
Health146900155500
Semi-state5640058300

Job Vacancies

The job vacancy rate in Q2 2022, which measures job vacancies on the last working day of the quarter, was 1.6%, recording no change from 1.6% at the end of Q1 2022 and up from 1.2% at the end of Q2 2021.

The sectors with the highest job vacancy rate in Q2 2022 were the Professional, Scientific & Technical Activities sector with a rate of 4.4%, followed by the Financial, Insurance & Real Estate Activities sector with a rate of 3.1%.

Rounded to the nearest 100, the number of job vacancies at the end of Q2 2022 was 34,800, representing an increase of 11,000 from the number of vacancies at the end of Q2 2021.

X-axis labelJob Vacancy Rate
Q2150.9
Q3151
Q4150.9
Q1161
Q2160.9
Q3161
Q4160.9
Q1171
Q2171.1
Q3171.1
Q4171
Q1181
Q2181.2
Q3181
Q4180.9
Q1191
Q2191.1
Q3190.9
Q4190.9
Q1200.8
Q2200.7
Q3200.8
Q4200.9
Q1211
Q2211.2
Q3211.5
Q4211.4
Q1221.6
Q2221.6

Tables

Show Table: Table 1 Average weekly earnings by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 2 Average hourly earnings by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 3 Average weekly paid hours by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 4 Earnings, hours and labour costs, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted by quarter

Show Table: Table 5a Average hourly earnings excluding irregular earnings by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 5b Average hourly irregular earnings by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 6a Average hourly other labour costs by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 6b Average hourly benefits in kind (BIK) by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 6c Average hourly total labour costs by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 7a Employment by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 7b Job vacancies by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 7c Job vacancy rate by economic sector and other characteristics and quarter

Show Table: Table 8a Average weekly earnings by public sector sub-sector and quarter

Show Table: Table 8b Average hourly earnings by public sector sub-sector and quarter

Show Table: Table 8c Average weekly paid hours by public sector sub-sector and quarter

Show Table: Table 8d Average hourly earnings excluding irregular earnings by public sector sub-sector and quarter

Show Table: Table 8e Public sector employment by sub-sector and quarter

Show Table: Table A1 Estimates of average weekly earnings by broad occupational categories

Show Table: Table A2 Response rates in selected sectors by quarter

Show Table: Table A3 Preliminary data versus final data

Show Table: Table A4 Effect of census field staff on earnings, hours, labour costs and employment