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Religion - Non-Christian

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Muslim community in Ireland - Growth in numbers continue 

There were 63,443 Muslims in Ireland in April 2016, representing 1.3 per cent of the population and signalling a continued growth in the number of Muslims in Ireland.  Ireland’s Muslim community has grown from just 3,875 persons in 1991, to 19,147 in 2002, 32,539 in 2006 and 49,204 in 2011. Since 2006 the number of Muslims has nearly doubled, increasing by 95 per cent.

Age and sex 

Looking back over the last ten years, the Census results show that there was an increase in the number of Muslims in every five year age group between 2006 and 2016. There were 147 Muslim males for every 100 females in 2006. This gap narrowed to 129 males per 100 females in 2016. 

The average age of Muslims in 2016 was 26.0 (compared with the State average of 37.4 years). 

There were 10,884 children of primary school-going age (5-12 year olds) among the Muslim community in Ireland and a further 5,480 of secondary school age (13-18 year olds).        

 

Age group20162006
85+2613
80-845918
75-799638
70-7418378
65-69381100
60-64677180
55-591241339
50-542040613
45-4936741175
40-4450992032
35-3966003530
30-3473264304
25-2960624529
20-2452223928
15-1941831683
10-1457641985
5-972412981
0-475695013

Interactive table: StatBank Link E8078

Marital status

Muslims in Ireland were less likely to be single and more likely to be married compared with the general population. Almost 6 out of 10 were married compared with 4.8 out of 10 for the general population. 

Divorce was less prevalent among Muslims with just 3.2 per cent in this category (892 persons) compared with 4.7 per cent for the general population. There were 473 widowed Muslims.

 

Muslim (Islamic)Total population
Single34.246191886911341.1380356311178
Married59.674823298887347.7230792746171
Separated (incl. deserted)2.894865753808113.14695472787488
Divorced2.080757657048222.76661359519167
Widowed1.103361403345075.22531677119857

Interactive table: StatBank Link E8067

Nationality and ethnicity

Irish nationals represented the largest nationality group stated among Muslims in Ireland, accounting for 55.6 per cent of the total. A further 11.4 per cent had Pakistani nationality, the largest non-Irish group, followed by UK nationals (3.4%).

Muslims of Saudi Arabian nationality accounted for 2.9 per cent of all Muslims (1,775 persons) while Bangladeshi made up 2.0 per cent (1,209 persons) and Afghan 1.9 per cent (1,160 persons).

The majority of Muslim respondents stated Asian (42.2%) and African (17.1%) ethnicity, with much of the remainder citing Irish (6.8%) and “Other White” (10.9%) ethnicity.

 

Born outside IrelandBorn in Ireland
Irish1757116400
EU3726340
Rest of Europe134592
African4910383
Asian14934700
Other nationalities64656

Residence

Just under half (47.3%) of all of Ireland’s Muslims lived in County Dublin. Dublin City was home to the largest proportion (15.5%), followed by South Dublin (13.1%), Fingal (12.8%) and Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown (5.9%).

Limerick City and County (5.9%), Cork County (4.5%) and Cork City (3.6%) were the next most popular areas outside County Dublin. 

Leitrim has the least number of Ireland's Muslims, accounting for 0.4 per cent in 2016.

Principal economic status

The economic status of Muslim men and women varied greatly with relatively small numbers of women at work and slightly above average numbers of men looking after the home and family.

Among Muslim men 53.3 per cent were at work in April 2016 with 17.0 per cent unemployed or looking for their first job. In contrast 23.6 per cent of Muslim women were working at the time of the census while a further 1 in 5 (19.5%) were unemployed.

In all 27.4 per cent of Muslim women aged 15 and over were looking after the home or family - significantly higher than the rate for all women at 14.9 per cent.

While 1.1 per cent of all men aged 15 and over were homemakers in 2016 the figure for Muslim men was higher at 2.3 per cent with 567 male homemakers. 

MalesFemales
At work53.255405728875823.5578273324721
Looking for first regular job3.024016596186073.09498399146211
Having lost or given up previous job13.999042527726816.4185811380104
Student20.362243676693524.5632758523844
Looking after home/family2.2620282454320627.4223445486716
Retired1.583818718582941.33685333932483
Unable to work2.84449054496132.3703870134247
Other (excl. not stated)2.668953961541531.23574678424985

Interactive table: StatBank Link E8060

Major occupational groups of Muslims

There were 17,543 Muslims at work.

At a broad occupational level, 'professional occupations' was the largest category, accounting for 23.5 per cent of workers. Within this category medical practitioners were the largest occupation, with 2,102 workers and accounting for 12.0 per cent of all Muslim workers compared with 0.7 per cent for the total population.

The skilled trade occupations was the next highest broad category with 12.7 per cent of workers.  

Total populationMuslim
Managers, directors and senior officials8.025202315710688.31100723935473
Professional occupations19.085377005652723.5478538448384
Associate professional and technical occupations11.73802389166776.88023713161945
Administrative and secretarial occupations10.67002019793284.22960725075529
Skilled trades occupations14.00698979040112.6660206350111
Caring, leisure and other service occupations7.645313735740475.51217009633472
Sales and customer service occupations6.892712747322528.30530696004104
Process, plant and machine operatives7.180457291563366.49831841760246
Elementary occupations8.4810387109602612.3867069486405
Not stated6.2748643130485211.6627714758023
Table 7.1 Top ten occupations of Muslim workers, 2011-2016
Occupations (SOC2010)20112016
Medical practitioners1,7252,102
Chefs9541,349
Sales and retail assistants, cashiers and checkout operators9121,045
Kitchen and catering assistants391589
Security guards and related occupations462560
Managers and directors in retail and wholesale373504
Taxi and cab drivers and chauffeurs295464
Restaurant and catering establishments managers and proprietors313392
Programmers and software development professionals140316
Hairdressers, barbers, beauticians and related occupations150308
Other (including not stated)6,8139,914
Total12,52817,543

Hindus in Ireland

Age and sex

There was a 135.6 per cent increase in the number of Hindus between 2006 and 2016 from 6,082 to 14,332 persons over the ten years.

Hindus are younger than the general population with an average age for men of 29.5 and for women 27.3 compared with 36.7 and 38.0 for the general population. There were 132 Hindu men for every 100 Hindu women in 2016, a ratio which has fallen from 157 per 100 ten years earlier.              

Age group20062016
85+04
80-84111
75-79724
70-741765
65-6942106
60-6476139
55-5998210
50-54128309
45-49191609
40-443171328
35-396042235
30-3411212473
25-2915112053
20-24823980
15-19186437
10-14206698
5-92731250
0-44811401

Interactive table: StatBank Link E8078

Social class

Hindus as a group were more concentrated in the higher social classes than the general population. 

More than twice the State average (18.4% compared with 8.1%) were classified to the professional class while 40.5 per cent lived in households classified to the managerial or technical class.

Fewer relative numbers were found in the skilled manual, semi-skilled and unskilled occupations than for the general population (16.1% and 28.2% respectively).

Total populationHindu
Professional 8.1196757992929218.4272955623779
Managerial/technical28.075050426671140.5316773653363
Non-manual17.58019179460156.76807144850684
Skilled manual14.10980781689539.40552609545074
Semi-skilled10.52325086914485.47027630477254
Unskilled3.578240878311331.20708903153782
Others18.013782415083218.1900641920179

Interactive table: StatBank Link E8063

Nationality and ethnicity

In all 41.7 per cent of Hindus were of Indian nationality. This was followed very closely by Irish (41.6%), Mauritian (6.9%) and Nepalese (3.0%). 

Of the Hindus with Irish nationality (5,676 persons), 35.1 per cent were born in Ireland.

The census results show that 79.5 per cent of Hindus declared themselves to be of Asian (other than Chinese) ethnicity, compared with 80.4 per cent in 2011.

 

Born outside IrelandBorn in Ireland
Irish36821994
EU37419
African94149
Asian6234165
Other nationalities1833

At work

Just over half (50.6%) of Hindus at work were in the broad occupational category 'professional'. Of all Hindus workers 15.0 per cent were programmers and software development professionals, see table 7.2.

Table 7.2 Top ten occupations of Hindu workers, 2011-2016
Occupations (SOC2010)20112016
Programmers and software development professionals4321,023
Nurses and midwives526473
Chefs297416
Medical practitioners319352
Information technology and telecommunications professionals n.e.c.97214
Sales and retail assistants, cashiers and checkout operators198174
Kitchen and catering assistants143154
IT business analysts, architects and systems designers49150
IT specialist managers62148
Management consultants and business analysts45134
Other (including not stated)2,5683,566
Total4,7366,804

Other Non-Christian religions

Among other Non-Christian religions the next largest in Ireland in 2016 was Buddhism which grew by 12.1 per cent between 2011 and 2016, from 8,703 to 9,758. Over half (53.7%) were Irish by nationality.

The Jewish religion recorded 2,557 persons in 2016 up from 1,984 persons in 2011 (28.9% increase).

A table detailing the full list of all religions recorded and the number of persons associated with each as per Census 2016 (both Christian and Non-Christian) can be found at the link below.

Interactive table: StatBank Link E8053