A Census of Population was taken on the night of Sunday, 24 April 2016, in accordance with the Statistics (Census of Population) Order 2015 (S.I. No. 445 of 2015).
The census figures relate to the de facto population i.e. the population recorded for each area represents the total of all persons present within its boundaries on the night of Sunday, 24 April 2016, together with all persons who arrived in that area on the morning of Monday, 25 April 2016, not having been enumerated elsewhere. Persons on board ships in port are included with the population of adjacent areas. The figures, therefore, include visitors present on Census Night as well as those in residence, while usual residents temporarily absent from the area are excluded.
The date of the census was chosen to coincide with a period when passenger movements were at a minimum and, consequently, the figures closely approximate to those for the normally resident population. The de facto measure of the population, referred to throughout this report, was 4,761,865 in April 2016 while the usually resident and present total was 4,689,921, a difference of 71,944 or 1.5%. The usually resident measure is used when analysing topics such as commuting patterns, nationality and households and families.
A temporary field force consisting of 6 Census Liaison Officers, 44 Regional Supervisors, 430 Field Supervisors and some 4,663 part-time enumerators carried out the census enumeration. During the four weeks before Census Night the enumerators visited some 2 million private residences and delivered census questionnaires to 1.7 million of these dwellings as well as to 4,140 communal establishments capable of accommodating people (such as hotels, nursing homes, etc.,) that were expected to be occupied on census night. Approximately 250,000 residences were vacant at the time of the census, while in the remaining cases the household was either enumerated elsewhere or temporarily absent from the State. The collection of completed questionnaires took place between Monday 25 April and Sunday 22 May, 2016.
The Central Statistics Office (CSO) wishes to record its appreciation of the public-spirited co-operation received from households and the work carried out by the census field force.
Each enumerator first prepared and returned to the CSO a summary of the population of his/her enumeration area. These summaries formed the basis for the preliminary 2016 census results published in July 2016. The completed questionnaires for individual households were subsequently transported to the CSO for processing. The population summaries, dwelling listings and enumeration maps for individual enumeration areas were checked for consistency and used to determine the boundaries of census towns and suburbs. The capture and processing of the responses to questions on the questionnaires proceeded concurrently.
The planned publication schedule is contained in Appendix 3. Two summary reports will present highlight results primarily for the State; Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 1, looks at overall population change by county; it also examines age, marriage, households and families as well as including first results on nationality, foreign languages, the Irish language, religion and housing. The second summary report, Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 2, looks at other social and economic factors such as employment, occupations, education and skills as well as travel and health-related topics. A further three profile reports will provide more detailed results on individual topics; the details are listed in the publication schedule.
All maps in this release are © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.
Historically, for the censuses of 1926 to 1951, a census town was defined simply as a cluster of twenty or more houses and the precise delimitation of the town was left to the discretion of the individual enumerator concerned. As part of the general review of towns for the 1956 Census, the boundaries for the census towns were drawn up in consultation with the various Local Authorities applying uniform principles in all areas of the country. The definition of a census town was changed at the 1956 Census, from twenty houses to twenty occupied houses; this definition was also applied at the 1961 and 1966 Censuses.
From 1971 to 2006, Census towns were defined as a cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings where, within a radius of 800 metres there was a nucleus of thirty occupied dwellings (on both sides of a road, or twenty on one side of a road), along with a clearly defined urban centre e.g. a shop, a school, a place of worship or a community centre. Census town boundaries were extended over time where there was an occupied dwelling within 200 metres of the existing boundary.
To avoid the agglomeration of adjacent towns caused by the inclusion of low density one off dwellings on the approach routes to towns the 2011 criteria were tightened, in line with UN criteria.
In Census 2016, a new Census town was defined as there being a minimum of 50 occupied dwellings, with a maximum distance between any dwelling and the building closest to it, of 100 metres, and where there was evidence of an urban centre (shop, school etc). The proximity criteria for extending existing 2006 Census town boundaries was also amended to include all occupied dwellings within 100 metres of an existing building. Other information based on OSi mapping and orthogonal photography was also taken into account when extending boundaries. Boundary extensions were generally made to include the land parcel on which a dwelling was built or using other physical features such as roads, paths etc.
Census towns which previously combined legal towns and their environs have been newly defined using the standard census town criteria (with the 100 metres proximity rule). For some towns the impact of this has been to lose area and population, compared with previous computations.
The population of towns is given in Tables E2014 and E2016. Table E2014 contains towns of 1,500 population and over arranged in order of size. An alphabetical list of all towns in the country, with their populations, is given in Table E2016.
The term Aggregate Town Area or Urban Area refers to settlements with a total population of 1,500 or more. The term Aggregate Rural Area refers to the population outside Aggregate Town Areas and includes the population of settlements with a population of less than 1,500 persons.
Historically census towns were defined as a cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings where, within a radius of 800 metres, there was a nucleus of thirty occupied dwellings (on both sides of a road, or twenty on one side of a road), along with a clearly defined urban centre e.g. a shop, a school, a place of worship or a community centre. Census town boundaries were extended over time where there was an occupied dwelling within 200 metres of the existing boundary.
In 2011 the proximity criteria were tightened, in line with UN criteria. This was done in order to avoid the agglomeration of adjacent towns caused by the inclusion of low density one off dwellings on the approach routes to towns.
First introduced in 2011 therefore, and continuing for Census 2016, a new census town was defined as having a minimum of 50 occupied dwellings, with a maximum distance between any dwelling and the building closest to it of 100 metres, and where there was evidence of an urban centre (shop, school etc.). The 100m proximity rule was also applied when extending existing 2011 Census town boundaries.
A private household comprises either one person living alone or a group of people (not necessarily related) living at the same address with common housekeeping arrangements - that is, sharing at least one meal a day or sharing a living room or sitting room. In order to be included in the household, a person had to be a usual resident at the time of the census. Therefore, visitors to the household on Census Night were excluded, while usual residents temporarily absent (for less than 12 months) were included.
A permanent private household is a private household occupying a permanent dwelling such as a house, flat or bed-sit.
A temporary private household is a private household occupying a caravan, mobile home or other temporary dwelling.
The number of persons in a household consists of the total number of persons usually resident there on the night of Sunday, 24 April 2016, including those absent from the household for less than twelve months. Visitors present in the household on census night are excluded.
The reference person in each private household is the first person in the household identified as a parent, spouse, cohabiting partner or head of a non-family household containing related persons. Where no person in the household satisfied these criteria, the first usually resident person was used as the reference person.
For the purposes of expressing the household reference person in simple terms for the reader, the terms head of household or householder are used instead of the household reference person in this report.
A family unit or nucleus is defined as:
(1) a husband and wife or a co-habiting couple; or
(2) a husband and wife or a co-habiting couple together with one or more usually resident never-married children (of any age); or
(3) one parent together with one or more usually resident never-married children (of any age).
Family members have to be usual residents of the relevant household.
The determination of household and family composition is based on responses to the question on the census form dealing with relationships within the household.
The term industry used for Census of Population purposes is not confined to manufacturing industry. It is synonymous with the term “sector of economic activity”. The basis of the industrial classification is, in the case of employees, the business or profession of their employer and in the case of self-employed persons, the nature of their own business or profession.
In Census 2016, industry is coded using NACE – the General Industrial Classification of Economic Activities within the European Communities. The current version, NACE Rev. 2, is a 4-digit activity classification that was first used in Census 2011 and is a revision of the version originally published by Eurostat in 1970. The previous version, NACE Rev. 1, was in use in the censuses of 2002 and 2006.
NACE Rev. 2 is a hierarchical classification, with 88 Divisions at 2-digit level, 272 Groups at 3-digit level and 615 Classes at 4-digit level. The NACE Rev.2 classification is shown in Appendix 3 while a breakdown of the NACE Rev. 1 classification is available on our CSO website.
The industry in which a person is engaged is determined (regardless of their occupation) by the main economic activity carried out in the local unit in which he or she works. If, however, the local unit provides an ancillary service to another unit in the business (e.g. administration, storage, etc.) then the persons in the ancillary unit are classified to the industry of the unit it services. Thus, while the occupational classification is concerned only with the particular work performed by an individual regardless of the activity carried on at the local unit, the industrial classification is concerned only with the ultimate purpose of the unit or end product regardless of the precise nature of the work performed by each individual.
A manufacturing or commercial unit may employ persons with many different occupations for the purpose of making a particular product or for giving a particular 78 Appendices service. Conversely, there are cases in which particular occupations are largely confined to a single industry. For example, the majority of persons with agricultural occupations are in the agriculture industry and most miners are in the mining industry.
The entire population was classified to one of ten specific socio-economic groups (introduced in 1996). In addition, a residual group entitled. “All others gainfully occupied and unknown” was used where sufficient details were not provided. The classification aims to bring together persons with similar social and economic statuses on the basis of the level of skill or educational attainment required. In defining socio-economic group no attempt is made to rank groups in order of socio-economic importance.
The socio-economic group of persons aged 15 years or over who are at work is determined by their occupation (coded using Soc90) and employment status. Unemployed or retired persons aged 15 years or over are classified according to their former occupation and employment status.
Persons looking after the home/family or at school/ college, who are members of a family unit, were classified to the socio-economic group of another person in the family unit using a priority table based on the relationships within the family. Thus, if the reference person1 of a family was at work, unemployed or retired, other persons were assigned to his/her socio-economic group. If the reference person was neither at work, unemployed nor retired (e.g. never worked, permanently disabled, etc.), they were assigned to the socio-economic group of the other parent, spouse or cohabiting partner in the family unit. If there was no such spouse or partner or if the spouse, in turn, was neither at work, unemployed or retired, they were assigned to the socio-economic group of a working son/ daughter. If there were no persons in the family unit with a socio-economic group then they were assigned to the unknown socio-economic group. Other persons looking after the home/family or at school/college who were not members of a family unit, such as relatives of the reference person (e.g. widowed grandparents, etc.) were assigned a socio-economic group using the above method. Unrelated persons or persons living alone who are looking after the home/family or at school/college were assigned to the unknown group.
The socio-economic groups used in the census are as follows:
A Employers and managers
B Higher professional
C Lower professional
E Manual skilled
H Own account workers
J Agricultural workers
Z All others gainfully occupied and unknown
1The reference person in each private household is the first person identified as a parent, spouse or cohabiting partner in the first family in the household. Where no person in the household satisfies these criteria, the first usually resident person is used as the reference person.
Detailed list of Industries (NACE Rev 2)
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||1500||Manufacture of leather and related products|
|190||Farming (Farming of animals, mixed farming)||1600||Manufacture of wood and products of wood and cork, except furniture; Manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials|
|191||Growing of crops, fruits, plants, flowers and vegetables||1700||Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products|
|192||Other agricultural activities and agricultural activities n.e.c||1800||Printing activities and reproduction of recorded media|
|200||Forestry and Logging||1900||Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products|
|300||Fishing and Aquaculture||2000||Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products|
|400||Horseracing Activities||2100||Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products|
|2210||Manufacture of rubber products|
|Mining and Quarrying||2220||Manufacture of plastic products|
|500||Mining and quarrying of coal and lignite||2310||Manufacture of glass and glass products|
|600||Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas||2360||Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement|
|700||Mining of metal ores||2380||All other manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products|
|800||Other mining and quarrying||2400||Manufacture of basic metals|
|892||Extraction and agglomeration of peat||2500||Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment|
|900||Mining support service activities||2610||Manufacture of electronic components and boards|
|2620||Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment|
|Manufacturing||2690||Manufacture of other computer, electronic and optical products|
|1010||Production, processing and preserving of meat, meat products and poultry||2700||Manufacture of electrical equipment|
|1020||Processing and preserving of fish and fish products||2800||Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c|
|1030||Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables||2900||Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers|
|1040||Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats||3000||Manufacture of other transport equipment|
|1050||Manufacture of dairy products||3100||Manufacture of furniture|
|1060||Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products||3250||Manufacture of medical and dental instruments and supplies|
|1070||Manufacture of bakery and farinaceous products||3280||All other manufacturing n.e.c|
|1080||Manufacture of other food products n.e.c||3300||Repair and installation of machinery and equipment|
|1090||Manufacture of prepared animal feeds|
|1100||Manufacture of beverages||Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supply|
|1200||Manufacture of tobacco products||3510||Electric power generation, transmission and distribution|
|1300||Manufacture of textiles||3520||Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains|
|1400||Manufacture of clothes; dressing and dyeing of fur||3530||Steam and air conditioning supply|
|Detailed list of Industries (NACE Rev 2)|
|Water supply; Sewerage, Waste management and Remediation Activities||4772||Retail sale of footwear and leather goods in specialised stores|
|3600||Water collection, treatment and supply||4795||Retail trade n.e.c.|
|3800||Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities, materials recovery||Transportation and Storage|
|Construction||4935||Other Passenger land transport|
|4110||Development of building projects||4940||Freight transport by road|
|4120||Construction of residential and non-residential buildings||4950||Transport via pipeline|
|4200||Civil Engineering||4980||Transport via railways|
|4310||Demolition and site preparation||5000||Water transport|
|4321||Electrical installation||5100||Air transport|
|4322||Plumbing, heat and air-conditioning installation||5229||Activities of other transport agencies|
|4329||Other construction installation||5280||Warehousing, storage and Cargo Handling|
|4330||Building completion and finishing||5290||Service activities related to land, water and air transportation|
|4390||Other specialised construction activities||5300||Post and courier activities|
|Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles||Accommodation and Food Service Activities|
|4500||Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||5510||Hotels and similar accommodation|
|4630||Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco||5580||Other provision of short-stay accommodation|
|4640||Wholesale of household goods||5610||Restaurants and mobile food service activities|
|4673||Wholesale of wood, construction materials and sanitary equipment||5620||Event catering and food service activities|
|4680||All other wholesale trade and commission trade and wholesale not specified||5630||Beverage serving activities, including bars and coffee shops|
|4710||Retail sale in non-specialized stores with food, beverages or tobacco predominating|
|4720||Retail sale of food, beverages or tobacco in specialised stores||Information and Communication Activities|
|4730||Retail sale of automotive fuel in specialised stores||5810||Publishing of books, newspapers, magazines and other publishing services|
|4740||Retail sale of information and communication equipment in specialised stores||5820||Software publishing|
|4751||Retail sale of textiles in specialised stores||5900||Movie, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities|
|4752||Retail sale of hardware, paints and glass in specialised stores||6000||Programming and broadcasting activities|
|4754||Retail sale of electrical household appliances in specialised stores||6100||Telecommunications|
|4759||Retail sale of furniture, lighting equipment and household articles n.e.c.||6200||Computer programming, consultancy and related services|
|4760||Retail sale of cultural and recreation goods in specialised stores||6300||Information service activities|
|4771||Retail sale of clothing in specialised stores|
|Detailed list of Industries (NACE Rev 2)|
|Financial and Insurance Activities||Education|
|6400||Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding||8510||Pre-Primary Education|
|6500||Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security||8520||Primary Education|
|6610||Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding||8530||Secondary Education|
|6620||Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding||8540||Higher Education|
|6630||Fund Management Activities||8590||Adult and Other Education not elsewhere classified|
|Real Estate Activities|
|6800||Real Estate Activities||Human Health and Social Work Activities|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities||8623||Dental practice activities|
|6910||Legal Activities||8629||Medical practice activities|
|6920||Accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy||8690||Other human health activities|
|7000||Activities of head offices; management consultancy services||8700||Residential Care activities|
|7110||Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy||8800||Social work activities|
|7120||Technical testing and analysis|
|7200||Scientific research and development||Arts, Entertainment and Recreation|
|7300||Advertising and market research||9000||Creative arts and entertainment activities|
|7400||Other professional, scientific and technical activities||9100||Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
|7500||Veterinary activities||9200||Gambling and betting activities|
|9300||Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities|
|Administrative and Support Service Activities||Other Service Activities|
|7700||Rental and leasing activities||9400||Activities of membership organisations|
|7800||Employment activities||9500||Repair of computers and personal and household goods|
|7900||Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities||9601||Washing and dry-cleaning of textile and fur products|
|8000||Security and investigation activities||9602||Hairdressing and other beauty treatment|
|8100||Services to buildings and landscape activities||9603||Funeral and related activities|
|8200||Miscellaneous office and business activities||9604||Physical well-being activities|
|9609||Other service activities n.e.c.|
|Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security||Activities of Households as Employers|
|8422||Defence Activities||9700||Private households with employed persons|
|8490||All other public administration; compulsory social security||Activities of Extra-territorial organisations and bodies|
|9900||Extra-territorial organisations and bodies|
|9999||Industry not stated|
|Preliminary Results||14 July 2016|
|Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 1||06 April 2017|
|Profile 1 - Housing in Ireland||20 April 2017|
|Profile 2 - Population Distribution and Movements||11 May 2017|
|Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 2||15 June 2017|
|Profile 3 - An Age Profile of Ireland||06 July 2017|
|Small Area Population Statistics (SAPS)||20 July 2017|
|POWSCAR - Research micro data file||20 July 2017|
|Profile 4 - Households and Families||27 July 2017|
|Profile 5 - Homeless Persons in Ireland||10 August 2017|
|Profile 6 - Commuting in Ireland||31 August 2017|
|Profile 7 - Migration and Diversity||21 September 2017|
|Profile 8 - Irish Travellers, Ethnicity and Religion||12 October 2017|
|Profile 9 - Health, Disability and Carers||02 November 2017|
|Profile 10 - Education, Skills and the Irish Language||23 November 2017|
|Profile 11 - Employment, Occupations and Industry||14 December 2017|
Interactive web tables will accompany each publication