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Appendix 1 

A Census of Population was taken on the night of Sunday, 24 April 2016, in accordance with the Statistics (Census of Population) Order 2015 (S.I. No. 445 of 2015).

Coverage of the Census

The census figures relate to the de facto population i.e. the population recorded for each area represents the total of all persons present within its boundaries on the night of Sunday, 24 April 2016, together with all persons who arrived in that area on the morning of Monday, 25 April 2016, not having been enumerated elsewhere.  Persons on board ships in port are included with the population of adjacent areas. The figures, therefore, include visitors present on Census Night as well as those in residence, while usual residents temporarily absent from the area are excluded.

De facto versus Usual Residence

The date of the census was chosen to coincide with a period when passenger movements were at a minimum and, consequently, the figures closely approximate to those for the normally resident population. The de facto measure of the population, referred to throughout this report, was 4,761,865 in April 2016 while the usually resident and present total was 4,689,921, a difference of 71,944 or 1.5%. The usually resident measure is used when analysing topics such as commuting patterns, nationality and households and families.

Conduct of the Census

A temporary field force consisting of 6 Census Liaison Officers, 44 Regional Supervisors, 430 Field Supervisors and some 4,663 part-time enumerators carried out the census enumeration. During the four weeks before Census Night the enumerators visited some 2 million private residences and delivered census questionnaires to 1.7 million of these dwellings as well as to 4,140 communal establishments capable of accommodating people (such as hotels, nursing homes, etc.,) who were expected to be occupied on census night. Approximately 250,000 residences were vacant at the time of the census, while in the remaining cases the household was either enumerated elsewhere or temporarily absent from the State. The collection of completed questionnaires took place between Monday 25 April and Sunday 22 May, 2016.

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) wishes to record its appreciation of the public-spirited co-operation received from households and the work carried out by the census field force.

Production of results

Each enumerator first prepared and returned to the CSO a summary of the population of his/her enumeration area. These summaries formed the basis for the preliminary 2016 census results published in July 2016. The completed questionnaires for individual households were subsequently transported to the CSO for processing. The population summaries, dwelling listings and enumeration maps for individual enumeration areas were checked for consistency and used to determine the boundaries of census towns and suburbs. The capture and processing of the responses to questions on the questionnaires proceeded concurrently.

The planned publication schedule is contained in Appendix 3. Two summary reports will present highlight results primarily for the State; Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 1, looks at overall population change by county; it also examines age, marriage, households and families as well as including first results on nationality, foreign languages, the Irish language, religion and housing. The second summary report, Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 2, looks at other social and economic factors such as employment, occupations, education and skills as well as travel and health-related topics.


All maps in this release are © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

Appendix 2 - Definitions 

Labour Force and Unemployment – differences between census and official figures

The results of the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) provide the basis for the official series of quarterly labour force estimates. The labour force and its constituent figures shown in this report are directly based on the census. Users should be aware that information derived from identical questions in the census and QNHS for the same year may show appreciable differences. The main categories affected are the constituents of the question on principal economic status and the employment estimates classified by industry and occupation.

The main reasons for the differences are:

• The QNHS uses the International Labour Organisation (ILO) classification, which has a much wider range of questions on the labour force and which may have a bearing on the responses received to individual questions. Under the ILO criteria, employment, unemployment and inactive population are defined as follows:

• In Employment: Persons who worked in the week before the survey for one hour or more for payment or profit, including work on the family farm or business and all persons who had a job but were not at work because of illness, holidays etc. in the week.

Unemployed: Persons who, in the week before the survey, were without work and available for work within the next two weeks, and had taken specific steps, in the preceding four weeks, to find work.

Inactive Population (not in labour force): All other persons.

• The census form is completed by a responsible adult in each household throughout the State in respect of everyone present in the household on Census Night while the QNHS is by face to face interview.

• The census relates to all persons present in the State (including visitors from abroad) at the time of the census while the QNHS covers persons usually resident in Ireland.

• The census is a complete enumeration while the QNHS is a sample survey.

The chief difference resulting from this is that the Census records an unemployment rate (based on Principal Economic Status) of 12.9 per cent, compared with the official rate (based on ILO criteria) of 8.6 per cent. Notwithstanding these differences, the main strength of the census-based data on employment and unemployment is the provision of data for small geographic areas, analysis on the comparisons between areas, the provision of data on unemployment blackspots, and other analysis across multiple variables such as marital status, detailed nationality, etc.

Census Towns (Settlements)

Historically, for the censuses of 1926 to 1951, a census town was defined simply as a cluster of twenty or more houses and the precise delimitation of the town was left to the discretion of the individual enumerator concerned. As part of the general review of towns for the 1956 Census, the boundaries for the census towns were drawn up in consultation with the various Local Authorities applying uniform principles in all areas of the country. The definition of a census town was changed at the 1956 Census, from twenty houses to twenty occupied houses; this definition was also applied at the 1961 and 1966 Censuses.

From 1971 to 2006, Census towns were defined as a cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings where, within a radius of 800 metres there was a nucleus of thirty occupied dwellings (on both sides of a road, or twenty on one side of a road), along with a clearly defined urban centre e.g. a shop, a school, a place of worship or a community centre. Census town boundaries were extended over time where there was an occupied dwelling within 200 metres of the existing boundary.

To avoid the agglomeration of adjacent towns caused by the inclusion of low density one off dwellings on the approach routes to towns the 2011 criteria were tightened, in line with UN criteria.

In Census 2016, a new Census town was defined as there being a minimum of 50 occupied dwellings, with a maximum distance between any dwelling and the building closest to it, of 100 metres, and where there was evidence of an urban centre (shop, school etc.). The proximity criteria for extending existing 2006 Census town boundaries was also amended to include all occupied dwellings within 100 metres of an existing building. Other information based on OSi mapping and orthogonal photography was also taken into account when extending boundaries. Boundary extensions were generally made to include the land parcel on which a dwelling was built or using other physical features such as roads, paths etc.

Census towns which previously combined legal towns and their environs have been newly defined using the standard census town criteria (with the 100 metres proximity rule). For some towns the impact of this has been to lose area and population, compared with previous computations.

The population of towns is given in Tables E2014 and E2016. Table E2014 contains towns of 1,500 population and over arranged in order of size. An alphabetical list of all towns in the country, with their populations, is given in Table E2016.

Urban and Rural Areas

The term Aggregate Town Area or Urban Area refers to settlements with a total population of 1,500 or more.  The term Aggregate Rural Area refers to the population outside Aggregate Town Areas and includes the population of settlements with a population of less than 1,500 persons.

Historically census towns were defined as a cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings where, within a radius of 800 metres, there was a nucleus of thirty occupied dwellings (on both sides of a road, or twenty on one side of a road), along with a clearly defined urban centre e.g. a shop, a school, a place of worship or a community centre.  Census town boundaries were extended over time where there was an occupied dwelling within 200 metres of the existing boundary.

In 2011 the proximity criteria were tightened, in line with UN criteria. This was done in order to avoid the agglomeration of adjacent towns caused by the inclusion of low density one off dwellings on the approach routes to towns.

First introduced in 2011 therefore, and continuing for Census 2016, a new census town was defined as having a minimum of 50 occupied dwellings, with a maximum distance between any dwelling and the building closest to it of 100 metres, and where there was evidence of an urban centre (shop, school etc.). The 100m proximity rule was also applied when extending existing 2011 Census town boundaries.

Private Household

private household comprises either one person living alone or a group of people (not necessarily related) living at the same address with common housekeeping arrangements - that is, sharing at least one meal a day or sharing a living room or sitting room.  In order to be included in the household, a person had to be a usual resident at the time of the census.  Therefore, visitors to the household on Census Night were excluded, while usual residents temporarily absent (for less than 12 months) were included.

A permanent private household is a private household occupying a permanent dwelling such as a house, flat or bed-sit.

A temporary private household is a private household occupying a caravan, mobile home or other temporary dwelling.

Size of Household

The number of persons in a household consists of the total number of persons usually resident there on the night of Sunday, 24 April 2016, including those absent from the household for less than twelve months.  Visitors present in the household on census night are excluded.

Household Reference Person

The reference person in each private household is the first person in the household identified as a parent, spouse, cohabiting partner or head of a non-family household containing related persons. Where no person in the household satisfied these criteria, the first usually resident person was used as the reference person.

For the purposes of expressing the household reference person in simple terms for the reader, the terms head of household or householder are used instead of the household reference person in this report.

Family Units

A family unit or nucleus is defined as:

(1)          a husband and wife or a co-habiting couple; or

(2)          a husband and wife or a co-habiting couple together with one or more usually resident never-married children (of any age); or

(3)          one parent together with one or more usually resident never-married children (of any age).

Family members have to be usual residents of the relevant household.

The determination of household and family composition is based on responses to the question on the census form dealing with relationships within the household.


The term industry used for Census of Population purposes is not confined to manufacturing industry. It is synonymous with the term “sector of economic activity”. The basis of the industrial classification is, in the case of employees, the business or profession of their employer and in the case of self-employed persons, the nature of their own business or profession.

In Census 2016, industry is coded using NACE – the General Industrial Classification of Economic Activities within the European Communities. The current version, NACE Rev. 2, is a 4-digit activity classification that was first used in Census 2011 and is a revision of the version originally published by Eurostat in 1970. The previous version, NACE Rev. 1, was in use in the censuses of 2002 and 2006.

NACE Rev. 2 is a hierarchical classification, with 88 Divisions at 2-digit level, 272 Groups at 3-digit level and 615 Classes at 4-digit level. The NACE Rev.2 classification is shown in Appendix 3 while a breakdown of the NACE Rev. 1 classification is available on our CSO website. 

The industry in which a person is engaged is determined (regardless of their occupation) by the main economic activity carried out in the local unit in which he or she works. If, however, the local unit provides an ancillary service to another unit in the business (e.g. administration, storage, etc.) then the persons in the ancillary unit are classified to the industry of the unit it services. Thus, while the occupational classification is concerned only with the particular work performed by an individual regardless of the activity carried on at the local unit, the industrial classification is concerned only with the ultimate purpose of the unit or end product regardless of the precise nature of the work performed by each individual.

A manufacturing or commercial unit may employ persons with many different occupations for the purpose of making a particular product or for giving a particular 78 Appendices service. Conversely, there are cases in which particular occupations are largely confined to a single industry. For example, the majority of persons with agricultural occupations are in the agriculture industry and most miners are in the mining industry.

Socio-economic group

The entire population was classified to one of ten specific socio-economic groups (introduced in 1996). In addition, a residual group entitled. “All others gainfully occupied and unknown” was used where sufficient details were not provided. The classification aims to bring together persons with similar social and economic statuses on the basis of the level of skill or educational attainment required. In defining socio-economic group no attempt is made to rank groups in order of socio-economic importance.

The socio-economic group of persons aged 15 years or over who are at work is determined by their occupation (coded using Soc90) and employment status. Unemployed or retired persons aged 15 years or over are classified according to their former occupation and employment status.

Persons looking after the home/family or at school/ college, who are members of a family unit, were classified to the socio-economic group of another person in the family unit using a priority table based on the relationships within the family. Thus, if the reference person1 of a family was at work, unemployed or retired, other persons were assigned to his/her socio-economic group. If the reference person was neither at work, unemployed nor retired (e.g. never worked, permanently disabled, etc.), they were assigned to the socio-economic group of the other parent, spouse or cohabiting partner in the family unit. If there was no such spouse or partner or if the spouse, in turn, was neither at work, unemployed or retired, they were assigned to the socio-economic group of a working son/ daughter. If there were no persons in the family unit with a socio-economic group then they were assigned to the unknown socio-economic group. Other persons looking after the home/family or at school/college who were not members of a family unit, such as relatives of the reference person (e.g. widowed grandparents, etc.) were assigned a socio-economic group using the above method. Unrelated persons or persons living alone who are looking after the home/family or at school/college were assigned to the unknown group.

The socio-economic groups used in the census are as follows:

A Employers and managers

B Higher professional

C Lower professional

D Non-manual

E Manual skilled

F Semi-skilled

G Unskilled

H Own account workers

I Farmers

J Agricultural workers

Z All others gainfully occupied and unknown 

1The reference person in each private household is the first person identified as a parent, spouse or cohabiting partner in the first family in the household. Where no person in the household satisfies these criteria, the first usually resident person is used as the reference person.

Social class: The entire population is also classified into one of the following social class groups (introduced in 1996) which are defined on the basis of occupation (coded using Soc90): 1 Professional workers 2 Managerial and technical 3 Non-manual 4 Skilled manual 5 Semi-skilled 6 Unskilled 7 All others gainfully occupied and unknown. The occupations included in each of these groups have been selected in such a way as to bring together, as far as possible, people with similar levels of occupational skill. In determining social class no account is taken of the differences between individuals on the basis of other characteristics such as education. Accordingly social class ranks occupations by the level of skill required on a social class scale ranging from 1 (highest) to 7 (lowest). This scale combines occupations into six groups by occupation and employment status following procedures similar to those outlined above for the allocation of socio-economic group. A residual category “All others gainfully occupied and unknown” is used where no precise allocation is possible.

Appendix 3 

Detailed list of Industries (NACE Rev 2)

  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing   1500 Manufacture of leather and related products 
190 Farming (Farming of animals, mixed farming)   1600 Manufacture of wood and products of wood and cork, except furniture; Manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
191 Growing of crops, fruits, plants, flowers and vegetables   1700 Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products
192 Other agricultural activities and agricultural activities n.e.c   1800 Printing activities and reproduction of recorded media
200 Forestry and Logging   1900 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products 
300 Fishing and Aquaculture   2000 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products 
400 Horseracing Activities   2100 Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products
      2210 Manufacture of rubber products
  Mining and Quarrying   2220 Manufacture of plastic products
500 Mining and quarrying of coal and lignite   2310 Manufacture of glass and glass products
600 Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas   2360 Manufacture of articles of concrete, plaster and cement
700 Mining of metal ores   2380 All other manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
800 Other mining and quarrying   2400 Manufacture of basic metals
892 Extraction and agglomeration of peat   2500 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
900 Mining support service activities   2610 Manufacture of electronic components and boards
      2620 Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment
  Manufacturing   2690 Manufacture of other computer, electronic and optical products
1010 Production, processing and preserving of meat, meat products and poultry   2700 Manufacture of electrical equipment
1020 Processing and preserving of fish and fish products   2800 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c
1030 Processing and preserving of fruit and vegetables   2900 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
1040 Manufacture of vegetable and animal oils and fats   3000 Manufacture of other transport equipment
1050 Manufacture of dairy products   3100 Manufacture of furniture
1060 Manufacture of grain mill products, starches and starch products   3250 Manufacture of medical and dental instruments and supplies
1070 Manufacture of bakery and farinaceous products   3280 All other manufacturing n.e.c
1080 Manufacture of other food products n.e.c   3300 Repair and installation of machinery and equipment
1090 Manufacture of prepared animal feeds      
1100 Manufacture of beverages     Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supply
1200 Manufacture of tobacco products   3510 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution
1300 Manufacture of textiles   3520 Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains
1400 Manufacture of clothes; dressing and dyeing of fur 3530 Steam and air conditioning supply


  Water supply; Sewerage, Waste management and Remediation Activities   4772 Retail sale of footwear and leather goods in specialised stores
3600 Water collection, treatment and supply   4795 Retail trade n.e.c. 
3700 Sewerage      
3800 Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities, materials recovery     Transportation and Storage
      4932 Taxi Operations
  Construction   4935 Other Passenger land transport
4110 Development of building projects   4940 Freight transport by road
4120 Construction of residential and non-residential buildings   4950 Transport via pipeline
4200 Civil Engineering   4980 Transport via railways
4310 Demolition and site preparation   5000 Water transport
4321 Electrical installation   5100 Air transport
4322 Plumbing, heat and air-conditioning installation   5229 Activities of other transport agencies 
4329 Other construction installation   5280 Warehousing, storage and Cargo Handling
4330 Building completion and finishing   5290 Service activities related to land, water and air transportation
4390 Other specialised construction activities   5300 Post and courier activities
  Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles     Accommodation and Food Service Activities
4500 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles   5510 Hotels and similar accommodation
4630 Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco   5580 Other provision of short-stay accommodation
4640 Wholesale of household goods   5610 Restaurants and mobile food service activities
4673 Wholesale of wood, construction materials and sanitary equipment   5620 Event catering and food service activities
4680 All other wholesale trade and commission trade and wholesale not specified   5630 Beverage serving activities, including bars and coffee shops
4710 Retail sale in non-specialized stores with food, beverages or tobacco predominating      
4720 Retail sale of food, beverages or tobacco in specialised stores     Information and Communication Activities
4730 Retail sale of automotive fuel in specialised stores   5810 Publishing of books, newspapers, magazines and other publishing services
4740 Retail sale of information and communication equipment in specialised stores   5820 Software publishing
4751 Retail sale of textiles in specialised stores   5900 Movie, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities
4752 Retail sale of hardware, paints and glass in specialised stores   6000 Programming and broadcasting activities
4754 Retail sale of electrical household appliances in specialised stores   6100 Telecommunications
4759 Retail sale of furniture, lighting equipment and household articles n.e.c.    6200 Computer programming, consultancy and related services
4760 Retail sale of cultural and recreation goods in specialised stores   6300 Information service activities
4771 Retail sale of clothing in specialised stores      


  Financial and Insurance Activities     Education
6400 Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding   8510 Pre-Primary Education
6500 Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security   8520 Primary Education
6610 Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation, except insurance and pension funding   8530 Secondary Education
6620 Activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding   8540 Higher Education
6630 Fund Management Activities   8590 Adult and Other Education not elsewhere classified
  Real Estate Activities      
6800 Real Estate Activities     Human Health and Social Work Activities
      8610 Hospital Activities
  Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities   8623 Dental practice activities
6910 Legal Activities   8629 Medical practice activities
6920 Accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy   8690 Other human health activities
7000 Activities of head offices; management consultancy services   8700 Residential Care activities
7110 Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy   8800 Social work activities
7120 Technical testing and analysis      
7200 Scientific research and development     Arts, Entertainment and Recreation
7300 Advertising and market research   9000 Creative arts and entertainment activities
7400 Other professional, scientific and technical activities   9100 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities
7500 Veterinary activities   9200 Gambling and betting activities
      9300 Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities
  Administrative and Support Service Activities     Other Service Activities
7700 Rental and leasing activities   9400 Activities of membership organisations 
7800 Employment activities   9500 Repair of computers and personal and household goods
7900 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities   9601 Washing and dry-cleaning of textile and fur products
8000 Security and investigation activities   9602 Hairdressing and other beauty treatment
8100 Services to buildings and landscape activities   9603 Funeral and related activities
8200 Miscellaneous office and business activities   9604 Physical well-being activities
      9609 Other service activities n.e.c.
  Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security     Activities of Households as Employers
8422 Defence Activities   9700 Private households with employed persons
8424 Garda Siochana      
8490 All other public administration; compulsory social security     Activities of Extra-territorial organisations and bodies
      9900 Extra-territorial organisations and bodies
      9999 Industry not stated

 Appendix 4

Detailed level of occupations used in the SOC2010-based census 
Code Occupation   Code Occupation
1 MANAGERS, DIRECTORS AND SENIOR OFFICIALS   117 Senior Officers in Protective Services
      1171 Officers in armed forces
11 CORPORATE MANAGERS AND DIRECTORS   1172 Senior police officers
      1173 Senior officers in fire, ambulance, prison and related services
111 Chief Executives and Senior Officials  
1115 Chief executives      
1116 Elected officers and representatives    118 Health and Social Services Managers and Directors
1118 Civil and public service Assistant Secretary and above and senior officials   1181 Health services and public health managers and directors
      1184 Social services managers and directors
112 Production Managers and Directors      
1121 Production managers and directors in manufacturing   119 Managers and Directors in Retail and Wholesale
1122 Production managers and directors in construction   1190 Managers and directors in retail and wholesale
1123 Production managers and directors in mining and energy      
113 Functional Managers and Directors      
1131 Financial managers and directors   121 Managers and Proprietors in Agriculture Related Services
1132 Marketing and sales directors   1211 Managers and proprietors in agriculture and horticulture
1133 Purchasing managers and directors   1213 Managers and proprietors in forestry, fishing and related services
1134 Advertising and public relations directors   1218 Managers and proprietors in horse-racing and related industries
1135 Human resource managers and directors      
1136 Information technology and telecommunications directors   122 Managers and Proprietors in Hospitality and Leisure Services
1139 Functional managers and directors n.e.c.*   1221 Hotel and accommodation managers and proprietors
      1223 Restaurant and catering establishment managers and proprietors
115 Financial Institution Managers and Directors   1224 Publicans and managers of licensed premises
1150 Financial institution managers and directors   1225 Leisure and sports managers
      1226 Travel agency managers and proprietors
116 Managers and Directors in Transport and Logistics      
1161 Managers and directors in transport and distribution   124 Managers and Proprietors in Health and Care Services
1162 Managers and directors in storage and warehousing   1241 Health care practice managers
      1242 Residential, day and domiciliary  care managers and proprietors
125 Managers and Proprietors in Other Services   2136 Programmers and software development professionals
1252 Garage managers and proprietors   2137 Web design and development professionals
1253 Hairdressing and beauty salon managers and proprietors   2139 Information technology and telecommunications professionals n.e.c.*
1254 Shopkeepers and proprietors – wholesale and retail      
1255 Waste disposal and environmental services managers   214 Conservation and Environment Professionals
1258 Civil and Public Service AP & PO and equivalent grades   2141 Conservation professionals
1259 Managers and proprietors in other services n.e.c.*   2142 Environment professionals
2 PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS   215 Research and Development Managers 
      2150 Research and development managers
211 Natural and Social Science Professionals      
2111 Chemical scientists   221 Health Professionals
2112 Biological scientists and biochemists   2211 Medical practitioners
2113 Physical scientists   2212 Psychologists
2114 Social and humanities scientists   2213 Pharmacists
2119 Natural and social science professionals n.e.c*   2214 Opticians (Incl. Dispensing Opticians, old Code 3216)
      2215 Dental practitioners
212 Engineering Professionals   2216 Veterinarians
2121 Civil engineers   2217 Medical radiographers
2122 Mechanical engineers   2218 Podiatrists
2123 Electrical engineers   2219 Health professionals n.e.c.*
2124 Electronics engineers      
2126 Design and development engineers   222 Therapy Professionals
2127 Production and process engineers   2221 Physiotherapists
2129 Engineering professionals n.e.c.*   2222 Occupational therapists
      2223 Speech and language therapists
213 Information Technology and Telecommunications Professionals   2229 Therapy professionals n.e.c.*
2133 IT specialist managers      
2134 IT project and programme managers   223 Nursing and Midwifery Professionals
2135 IT business analysts, architects and systems designers   2231 Nurses and midwives (incl.midwives,old code 2232)
      2434 Chartered surveyors
231 Teaching and Educational Professionals   2435 Chartered architectural technologists
2311 Further and Higher Education teaching professionals ( incl. Higher and Further Education teaching professionals old code 2312)   2436 Construction project managers and related professionals
2314 Secondary education teaching professionals      
2315 Primary and Nursery education teaching professionals   244 Welfare Professionals
2317 Senior professionals of educational establishments   2442 Social workers
2318 Education advisers and school inspectors   2443 Probation officers
2319 Teaching, special needs, and other educational professionals n.e.c.* (incl. special education teaching professionals, old code 2316)   2444 Clergy
      2449 Welfare professionals n.e.c.*
      245 Librarians and Related Professionals
241 Legal Professionals   2451 Librarians
2412 Barristers and judges   2452 Archivists and curators
2413 Solicitors      
2419 Legal professionals n.e.c*.   246 Quality and Regulatory Professionals
      2461 Quality control and planning engineers
242 Business, Research and Administrative Professionals   2462 Quality assurance and regulatory professionals
2421 Chartered and certified accountants and taxation experts (Incl. Taxation Experts old code 3535)   2463 Environmental health professionals
2423 Management consultants and business analysts      
2424 Business and financial project management professionals   247 Media Professionals
2425 Actuaries, economists and statisticians   2471 Journalists, newspaper and periodical editors
2426 Business and related research professionals   2472 Public relations professionals
2429 Business, research and administrative professionals n.e.c.*   2473 Advertising accounts managers and creative directors
243 Architects, Town Planners and Surveyors   3 ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS
2431 Architects and town planners (incl. Town planners, old code 2432)      
      331 Protective Service Occupations
311 Science, Engineering and Production Technicians   3311 NCOs and other ranks
3111 Laboratory technicians   3312 Police officers (sergeant and below)
3112 Electrical and electronics technicians   3313 Fire service officers (watch manager and below)
3113 Engineering technicians   3314 Prison service officers (below principal officer)
3114 Building and civil engineering technicians   3315 Police community support officers
3115 Quality assurance technicians   3319 Protective service associate professionals n.e.c.*
3116 Planning, process and production technicians      
3119 Science, engineering and production technicians n.e.c.*   34 CULTURE, MEDIA AND SPORTS OCCUPATIONS
312 Draughtspersons and Related Architectural Technicians   341 Artistic, Literary and Media Occupations
3121 Architectural and town planning technicians   3411 Artists
3122 Draughtspersons   3412 Authors, writers and translators
      3413 Actors, entertainers and presenters
313 Information Technology Technicians   3414 Dancers and choreographers
3131 IT operations technicians   3415 Musicians
3132 IT user support technicians   3416 Arts officers, producers and directors
      3417 Photographers, audio-visual and broadcasting equipment operators
      342 Design Occupations
321 Health Associate Professionals   3421 Graphic designers
3213 Paramedics   3422 Product, clothing and related designers
3217 Pharmaceutical technicians      
3218 Medical and dental technicians   344 Sports and Fitness Occupations
3219 Health associate professionals n.e.c.*   3441 Sports players
      3442 Sports coaches, instructors and officials
323 Welfare and Housing Associate Professionals   3443 Fitness instructors
3231 Youth and community workers      
3233 Child and early years officers      
3234 Housing officers      
3235 Counsellors      
3239 Welfare and housing associate professionals n.e.c.*      
35 BUSINESS AND PUBLIC SERVICE ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS   356 Public Services and Other Associate Professionals
      3561 Public services associate professionals
351 Transport Associate Professionals   3562 Human resources and industrial relations officers
3511 Air traffic controllers   3563 Vocational and industrial trainers and instructors
3512 Aircraft pilots and flight engineers   3564 Careers advisers and vocational guidance specialists
3513 Ship and hovercraft officers   3565 Inspectors of standards and regulations
      3567 Health and safety officers
352 Legal Associate Professionals      
3520 Legal associate professionals   4 ADMINISTRATIVE AND SECRETARIAL OCCUPATIONS
353 Business, Finance and Related Associate Professionals   41 ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS
3531 Estimators, valuers and assessors      
3532 Brokers   411 Administrative Occupations: Government and Related Organisations
3533 Insurance underwriters   4112 National government administrative occupations
3534 Finance and investment analysts and advisers   4113 Local government administrative occupations
3536 Importers and exporters   4114 Officers of non-governmental organisations
3537 Financial and accounting technicians      
3538 Financial accounts managers   412 Administrative Occupations: Finance
3539 Business and related associate professionals n.e.c.*   4121 Credit controllers
      4122 Book-keepers, payroll managers and wages clerks
354 Sales, Marketing and Related Associate Professionals   4123 Bank and post office clerks
3541 Buyers and procurement officers   4124 Finance officers
3542 Business sales executives   4129 Financial administrative occupations n.e.c.*
3543 Marketing associate professionals      
3544 Estate agents and auctioneers   413 Administrative Occupations: Records
3545 Sales accounts and business development managers   4131 Records clerks and assistants
3546 Conference and exhibition managers and organisers   4132 Pensions and insurance clerks and assistants
      4133 Stock control clerks and assistants
355 Conservation and Environmental Associate Professionals   4134 Transport and distribution clerks and assistants
3550 Conservation and environmental associate professionals   4135 Library clerks and assistants
      4138 Human resources administrative occupations
415 Other Administrative Occupations   5214 Metal plate workers, and riveters
4151 Sales administrators   5215 Welding trades
4159 Other administrative occupations n.e.c.*   5216 Pipe fitters
416 Administrative Occupations: Office Managers and Supervisors   522 Metal Machining, Fitting and Instrument Making Trades
4161 Office managers   5221 Metal machining setters and setter-operators
4162 Office supervisors   5222 Tool makers, tool fitters and markers-out
      5223 Metal working production and maintenance fitters
42 SECRETARIAL AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS   5224 Precision instrument makers and repairers
      5225 Air-conditioning and refrigeration engineers
421 Secretarial and Related Occupations      
4215 Personal assistants and other secretaries    523 Vehicle Trades
4216 Receptionists   5231 Vehicle technicians, mechanics and electricians
4217 Typists and related keyboard occupations   5232 Vehicle body builders and repairers 
      5234 Vehicle paint technicians
5 SKILLED TRADES OCCUPATIONS   5235 Aircraft maintenance and related trades
      5236 Boat and ship builders and repairers
51 SKILLED AGRICULTURAL AND RELATED TRADES   5237 Rail and rolling stock builders and repairers
511 Agricultural and Related Trades   524 Electrical and Electronic Trades
5111 Farmers   5241 Electricians and electrical fitters
5112 Horticultural trades   5242 Telecommunications engineers
5113 Gardeners and landscape gardeners   5244 TV, video and audio engineers
5114 Groundsmen and greenkeepers   5245 IT engineers
5118 Skilled workers in horse-racing and related industries   5249 Electrical and electronic trades n.e.c.*
5119 Agricultural and fishing trades n.e.c.*      
      525 Skilled Metal, Electrical and Electronic Trades Supervisors
52 SKILLED METAL, ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC TRADES   5250 Skilled metal, electrical and electronic trades supervisors
521 Metal Forming, Welding and Related Trades   53 SKILLED CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING TRADES
5211 Smiths and forge workers      
5212 Moulders, core makers and die casters      
5213 Sheet metal workers      
531 Construction and Building Trades   5435 Cooks
5311 Steel erectors   5436 Catering and bar managers
5312 Bricklayers and masons      
5313 Roofers, roof tilers and slaters   544 Other Skilled Trades
5314 Plumbers and heating and ventilating engineers   5441 Glass and ceramics makers, decorators and finishers
5315 Carpenters and joiners   5442 Furniture makers and other craft woodworkers
5316 Glaziers, window fabricators and fitters   5443 Florists
5319 Construction and building trades n.e.c.*   5449 Other skilled trades n.e.c.*
5321 Plasterers      
5322 Floorers and wall tilers   61 CARING PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
5323 Painters and decorators      
      612 Childcare and Related Personal Services
533 Construction and Building Trades Supervisors   6121 Nursery nurses and assistants and playworkers
5330 Construction and building trades supervisors   6122 Childminders and related occupations
      6125 Teaching assistants
54 TEXTILES, PRINTING AND OTHER SKILLED TRADES   6126 Educational support assistants
541 Textiles and Garments Trades   613 Animal Care and Control Services
5411 Weavers and knitters   6131 Veterinary nurses
5412 Upholsterers   6132 Pest control officers
5413 Footwear and leather working trades   6139 Animal care services occupations n.e.c.*
5414 Tailors and dressmakers      
5419 Textiles, garments and related trades n.e.c.*   614 Caring Personal Services
      6141 Nursing auxiliaries and assistants
542 Printing Trades   6142 Ambulance staff (excluding paramedics)
5421 Pre-press technicians   6143 Dental nurses
5422 Printers   6144 Houseparents and residential wardens
5423 Print finishing and binding workers   6145 Care workers and home carers
      6146 Senior care workers
543 Food Preparation and Hospitality Trades   6147 Care escorts
5431 Butchers   6148 Undertakers, mortuary and crematorium assistants
5432 Bakers and flour confectioners      
5433 Fishmongers and poultry dressers      
5434 Chefs      
62 LEISURE, TRAVEL AND RELATED PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATIONS   7124 Market and street traders and assistants
      7125 Merchandisers and window dressers
621 Leisure and Travel Services   7129 Sales related occupations n.e.c.*(incl. property, housing and estate managers 1251)
6211 Sports and leisure assistants      
6212 Travel agents   713 Sales Supervisors
6214 Air travel assistants   7130 Sales supervisors
6215 Rail travel assistants      
6219 Leisure and travel service occupations n.e.c.*   72 CUSTOMER SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
622 Hairdressers and Related Services   721 Customer Service Occupations
6221 Hairdressers, barbers, beauticians and related occupations (incl. Beauticians and related occupations old code 6222)   7211 Call and contact centre occupations
      7213 Telephonists
623 Housekeeping and Related Services   7214 Communication operators
6231 Housekeepers and related occupations   7215 Market research interviewers
6232 Caretakers   7219 Customer service occupations n.e.c.*
624 Cleaning and Housekeeping Managers and Supervisors   722 Customer Service Managers and Supervisors
6240 Cleaning and housekeeping managers and supervisors   7220 Customer service managers and supervisors
711 Sales Assistants and Retail Cashiers   811 Process Operatives
7111 Sales and retail assistants, cashiers and checkout operators (incl. Retail cash desk and check-out operators old code 7112)   8111 Food, drink and tobacco process operatives
7113 Telephone salespersons   8112 Glass and ceramics process operatives
7114 Pharmacy and other dispensing assistants   8113 Textile process operatives
7115 Vehicle and parts salespersons and advisers   8114 Chemical and related process operatives
      8115 Rubber process operatives
712 Sales Related Occupations   8116 Plastics process operatives
7121 Collector salespersons and credit agents   8117 Metal making and treating process operatives
7122 Debt, rent and other cash collectors   8118 Electroplaters
7123 Roundspersons and van salespersons   8119 Process operatives n.e.c.*
812 Plant and Machine Operatives   8222 Fork-lift truck drivers
8121 Paper and wood machine operatives   8223 Agricultural machinery drivers
8122 Coal mine operatives   8229 Mobile machine drivers and operatives n.e.c.*
8123 Quarry workers and related operatives      
8124 Energy plant operatives   823 Other Drivers and Transport Operatives
8125 Metal working machine operatives   8231 Train and tram drivers
8126 Water and sewerage plant operatives   8232 Marine and waterways transport operatives
8127 Printing machine assistants   8233 Air transport operatives
8129 Plant and machine operatives n.e.c.*   8234 Rail transport operatives
      8239 Other drivers and transport operatives n.e.c.*
813 Assemblers and Routine Operatives      
8131 Assemblers (electrical and electronic products)   9 ELEMENTARY OCCUPATIONS
8132 Assemblers (vehicles and metal goods)      
8133 Routine inspectors and testers   91 ELEMENTARY TRADES AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS
8134 Weighers, graders and sorters      
8135 Tyre, exhaust and windscreen fitters   911 Elementary Agricultural Occupations
8137 Sewing machinists   9111 Farm workers
8139 Assemblers and routine operatives n.e.c.*   9112 Forestry workers
      9118 Elementary occupations in horse-racing and related industries
814 Construction Operatives   9119 Fishing and other elementary agriculture occupations n.e.c.*
8141 Scaffolders, stagers and riggers      
8142 Road construction operatives   912 Elementary Construction Occupations
8143 Rail construction and maintenance operatives   9120 Elementary construction occupations
8149 Construction operatives n.e.c.*      
      913 Elementary Process Plant Occupations
82 TRANSPORT AND MOBILE MACHINE DRIVERS AND OPERATIVES   9132 Industrial cleaning process occupations
      9134 Packers, bottlers, canners and fillers
821 Road Transport Drivers   9139 Elementary process plant occupations n.e.c.*
8211 Large goods vehicle drivers      
8213 Bus and coach drivers      
8214 Taxi and cab drivers and chauffeurs   921 Elementary Administration Occupations
8215 Driving instructors   9211 Postal workers, mail sorters, messengers and couriers
      9219 Elementary administration occupations n.e.c.*
822 Mobile Machine Drivers and Operatives      
8221 Crane drivers      
923 Elementary Cleaning Occupations      
9231 Window cleaners      
9232 Street cleaners      
9233 Cleaners and domestics      
9234 Launderers, dry cleaners and pressers      
9235 Refuse and salvage occupations      
9236 Vehicle valeters and cleaners      
9239 Elementary cleaning occupations n.e.c.*      
924 Elementary Security Occupations      
9241 Security guards and related occupations      
9242 Parking and civil enforcement occupations      
9244 School midday and crossing patrol occupations      
9249 Elementary security occupations n.e.c.*      
925 Elementary Sales Occupations      
9251 Shelf fillers      
9259 Elementary sales occupations n.e.c.*      
926 Elementary Storage Occupations      
9260 Elementary storage occupations      
927 Other Elementary Services Occupations      
9271 Hospital porters      
9272 Kitchen and catering assistants      
9273 Waiters and waitresses      
9274 Bar staff      
9275 Leisure and theme park attendants      
9279 Other elementary services occupations n.e.c.*      
*n.e.c.=not elsewhere classified      

Appendix 5 

Census 2016 Publication Schedule                                                                           

Description                                        Publication Date
Preliminary Results                                 14 July 2016
Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 1               06 April 2017
Profile 1 - Housing in Ireland                     20 April 2017
Profile 2 - Population Distribution and Movements   11 May 2017
Census 2016 Summary Results - Part 2               15 June 2017
Profile 3 - An Age Profile of Ireland               06 July 2017
Small Area Population Statistics (SAPS)           20 July 2017
POWSCAR - Research micro data file                 20 July 2017
Profile 4 - Households and Families                 27 July 2017
Profile 5 - Homeless Persons in Ireland             10 August 2017
Profile 6 - Commuting in Ireland                   31 August 2017
Profile 7 - Migration and Diversity                 21 September 2017
Profile 8 - Irish Travellers, Ethnicity and Religion 12 October 2017
Profile 9 - Health, Disability and Carers         02 November 2017
Profile 10 - Education, Skills and the Irish Language 23 November 2017
Profile 11 - Employment, Occupations and Industry   14 December 2017


Interactive web tables will accompany each publication.