Back to Top

 Skip navigation


Appendix 1 - Definitions and notes



2.8 Irish speakers in 1911 and 2011

The text of the question on Irish in the Census of Population for 1911 and 2011 was:


'Write the word "Irish" in this column opposite the name of each person who speaks Irish only and the words "Irish & English" opposite the names of those who can speak both languages. In other cases no entry should be made in this column.


'Can you speak Irish? (Yes/No)

If 'Yes', do you speak Irish?

Daily, within the education system

Daily, outside the education system


Less often



4.23 Number of private cars and motorcycles under current licence in 1915 and 2014  

and 4.24 Number of cars under current licence by county in 1915 and 2014

Registered data is used for 1915 and licensed data for 2014. Licensing differs from registration in that a vehicle is licensed when a valid motor tax disc is issued for the first time. Registration occurs when a vehicle gets a licence plate (registration number) for the first time.


Appendix 2 - Acknowledgements

The CSO would like to acknowledge the help and co-operation we received from the following people and organisations during the creation of this publication:

Helen Maxwell, Statistics Unit, Department of Education and Skills

Dr. William Murphy, Mater Dei Institute of Education, Dublin City University

Mary Lombard and staff in the Archives at University College Cork

Sinead McCoole, Paul Turnell and Brendan Ryan for their assistance regarding Rose McNamara

Bureau of Military History, Military Archives, Cathal Brugha Barracks, Dublin

Catriona Crowe and Ann Byrne, National Archives

Bernie Metcalfe and James Harte, The National Library of Ireland

Nora Thornton and Keith Murphy, The National Library Photographic Archives

Niamh McCabe and Anna Rowland, The Royal Society of Antiquaries


For permission to reproduce photographs the CSO would like to acknowledge the following:

National Library of Ireland

The National Library Photographic Archives

Royal Society of Antiquaries

Dave Lester

Paul Molony

While every effort has been made to ensure that all copyright holders have been contacted, if there are any inadvertently overlooked we would be happy to make the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.


The CSO 1916 Project team would also like to acknowledge the help and co-operation of CSO staff, and in particular:

Caroline Barrett

Barra Casey

Michael Connolly

Dermot Corcoran

Paul J Crowley

Paul M Crowley

Niamh Currran

Noreen Dorgan

Colm Hassett

James Hegarty

Maura Horgan

John Kelleher

Tim Linehan

Brendan Murphy

Aileen O’Carroll

Mary O’Connell

Brian Walsh


CSO 1916 Project team members:

Moira Buckley

Helen Cahill

Sharon Coleman

Lucy Fallon Byrne

Colman Flynn

Lorraine Horgan

Ken Kennedy

Dave Lester

Olivia Lucey

Eoin McCuirc

Aeidin Sheppard

Rosaleen White