17 December 2020
The Central Statistics Office (CSO) has today (17 December 2020) released Impact of Selected COVID-19 Income Supports on Employees 2020. This report, is the first in a new series from the CSO on ‘Insights from Real Time Administrative Sources’. The aim of this new series is to provide insights into Irish society using datasets from administrative systems and is an example of the policy-relevant research projects the CSO are developing as part of its leadership role in the Irish Statistical System.
Commenting on the release, Brian Cahill, Statistician, said:
‘This publication presents analysis of the impact selected COVID-19 Income Support Schemes had on the income of employees in Ireland in the first three-quarters of 2020. Employee earnings data from the Revenue Commissioners were combined with data on COVID-19 income support schemes from Revenue and the Department of Social Protection under the auspices of the Statistics Act 1993 to provide the basis for this analysis.
This report examines the extent to which employees’ median weekly earnings and income were affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact selected COVID-19 income support schemes had on the income of recipient employees.
Median weekly income of employees who did not receive income supports was higher than that of support recipients. Recipients who received supports in both Q2 and Q3 2020 had the lowest median weekly incomes when compared with those who received supports in Q2 2020 only. This difference in median weekly income between Recipient and Non-Recipient employees widened since the COVID-19 pandemic started as the income of Non-Recipients continued to grow in the first three-quarters of 2020 while Recipients income fell significantly with the onset of the pandemic. Of those employees who received COVID-19 income supports, the groups that were least negatively affected by COVID-19, relative to their income in 2019, were female employees, those aged under 25 and low earners.
Median weekly earnings of all employees combined, which excludes COVID-19 income support, fell significantly in the year to Q2 2020 and Q3 2020 for all demographic categories. However, when COVID-19 income supports are included in employee income, the scale of these falls is reduced and for some categories their income increased in the period.'
Other main results include:
Panel Analysis of Recipient and Non-Recipient Employees present in all Quarters Q1 2019 to Q3 2020
Matched Cohort Analysis of COVID-19 Income Support Recipients and Non-Recipients
Matched Cohort Analysis of Employee Income including and excluding COVID-19 Support Income
This publication entitled ‘Impact of selected COVID-19 Income Supports on Employees’ is the first instalment of the ‘Insights from Real Time Administrative Sources’ Series. This CSO Frontier Series analysis uses new methods and data sources to measure the impact selected COVID-19 Income Support Schemes had on the earnings of Irish employees in 2020 in comparison to 2019. The results presented in this publication are based on a number of data sources:
The linkage and analysis were undertaken by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) for statistical purposes in line with the Statistics Act, 1993 and the CSO Data Protocol.
Before using personal administrative data for statistical purposes, the CSO removes all identifying personal information including the PPSN. All data sources are pseudonymised prior to linking. The Personal Public Service Number (PPSN) is a unique number that enables individuals to access social welfare benefits, personal taxation and other public services in Ireland. The CSO converts the PPSN to a Protected Identifier Key (PIK). The PIK is an encrypted and randomised number used by the CSO to enable linking of records across data sources and over time which is internal to the CSO. Using the PIK enables the CSO to link and analyse data for statistical purposes, while protecting the security and confidentiality of the individual data. All records in the datasets are anonymised and the results are in the form of statistical aggregates which do not identify any individuals.
Please Note: The data included in this publication are subject to revision as more information relating to employments and earnings for Q3 2020 are lodged by employers with the Revenue Commissioners and the data is subsequently made available to the CSO for statistical analysis purposes.
Users should see the Background Notes for information on the methodology and definitions used in the analysis.
Brian Cahill (+353) 87 6280807 (+353) 21 453 5173 or Brian King (+353) 87 2804543 (+353) 1 498 4324
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