Back to Top

 Skip navigation

CSO statistical release, , 11am

LFS National Minimum Wage Estimates

Quarter 4 2018

IndicatorQ4 2017Q4 2018Annual change Annual change (%)
Employees reporting earning less than National Minimum Wage24,60024,500-100-0.4
Employees reporting earning National Minimum Wage126,000112,700-13,300-10.6
Total employees reporting earning National Minimum Wage or less150,700137,200-13,500-9.0
Employees reporting earning more than National Minimum Wage1,596,2001,679,60083,4005.2
Not stated136,300133,300-3,000-2.2
Total employees1,883,1001,950,10067,0003.6
Proportion of employees reporting earning National Minimum Wage or less (%)18.67.6--
1 Note: Denominator excludes employees whose National Minimum Wage status was Not stated

7.6% of employees earned the National Minimum Wage or less in Q4 2018

Figure 1 Share of employees by NMW status (excluding not stated) Q4 2018
go to full release

In Q4 2018, 7.6% of employees for whom earnings data was reported, earned the National Minimum Wage (NMW) or less. This was down from 8.6% in Q4 2017.

The number of employees who self-reported earning less than the NMW was 24,500 and this fell very slightly from Q4 2017. The number of employees who self-reported earnings equal to the NMW was 112,700 and this was down 13,300 (10.6%) from a year earlier. Therefore, in total 137,200 employees self-reported that they earned the NMW or less in Q4 2018 and this was down by 13,500 (9.0%) from Q4 2017.

The proportion of employees who reported earning more than the NMW was 92.4%, up from 91.4% a year earlier. See tables 1a and 1b and figure 1.




This release presents results based on questions relating to the National Minimum Wage (NMW) included in the Labour Force Survey (LFS) from Q2 2016. Users should note that from Q3 2017, the Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS). Please see background notes for further information.

The LFS is not designed to be an earnings survey; rather it is the official source of employment and unemployment statistics in Ireland and is conducted across a representative sample of households throughout the country. Therefore, the earnings data in this release is based on each respondent self-reporting their income and as a result some caution is urged in the interpretation of this data. In addition, as the data presented in the release is collected directly from individual respondents, caution is urged in comparing these results to data collected directly from business enterprises.

In addition, as a number of respondents did not report their status with regard to the NMW, these respondents are identified as ‘Not stated’ in the relevant data tables and are excluded from the denominator in calculating the share or proportion of all respondents on the NMW.


Females more likely than males to earn NMW or less

The results show that females are more likely than males to earn the NMW or less and this has been a consistent feature of the series since it began in Q2 2016. Of the 137,200 employees who reported earning the NMW or less in Q4 2018, 75,900 or 55.3% were female while 61,300 or 44.7% were male. This compares to an overall even split of all employees in the State of 50.0% each for males and females. The greater share (88.9%) of the fall of 13,500 in the number of persons who reported earning the NMW or less in the year to Q4 2018 was accounted for by males.

In total, 6.8% of all male employees in the State earned the NMW or less and the corresponding figure for females was 8.3% in Q4 2018. See tables 3a and 3b and figure 2.