|Pollution and Resource||48||47||58||46||27|
|Annual % change||4.5%||6.6%||2.6%||2.2%||-2.5%|
|% of total taxes||8.5%||8.3%||8.1%||7.9%||7.1%|
€5.1 billion of environment related taxes were collected in 2018, a drop of 2.5% on 2017. This was the first substantial decrease since 2009 and is explained by a drop in taxes paid on light hydrocarbon oil products and motor tax. Energy taxes (mainly taxes on transport fuels) accounted for 62% of total environment taxes in 2018 with another 38% coming from Transport taxes (including motor tax and vehicle registration tax).
An environment tax is defined by Regulation (EU) 691/2011 as:
"A tax whose tax base is a physical unit (or a proxy of a physical unit) of something that has a proven, specific negative impact on the environment, and which is identified in the European System of Accounts as a tax."