|Pollution and Resource||66||64||57||45||58|
|% of total taxes||8.7%||8.8%||8.5%||8.2%||8.1%|
€5 billion of environment related taxes were collected in 2016, an increase of 2.6% on 2015 and the highest level yet recorded. Energy taxes (mainly taxes on transport fuels) accounted for 61% of total environment taxes in 2016 with another 38% coming from Transport taxes (including motor tax and vehicle registration tax).
An environment tax is defined by Regulation (EU) 691/2011 as:
"A tax whose tax base is a physical unit (or a proxy of a physical unit) of something that has a proven, specific negative impact on the environment, and which is identified in the European System of Accounts as a tax."