|Table A: Environment Taxes by Type|
|Pollution and Resource||47||58||46||26||20|
|Annual % change||6.3%||2.8%||2.2%||-2.2%||-2.1%|
|% of total taxes||8.4%||8.2%||7.9%||7.2%||6.5%|
€5.0 billion of environment related taxes were collected in 2019, a drop of 2.1% on 2018. This is the second successive year where environment related taxes have decreased. The main reason for this fall in taxes paid relates to a decrease in the Public Service Obligation levy, mainly associated with an increased negative R-factor, a higher benchmark price and the expiry of the Peat PSO Scheme during 2019. Meanwhile, energy taxes (mainly taxes on transport fuels) accounted for 60% of total environment taxes in 2019 with another 39% coming from Transport taxes (including motor tax and vehicle registration tax).
An environment tax is defined by Regulation (EU) 691/2011 as:
"A tax whose tax base is a physical unit (or a proxy of a physical unit) of something that has a proven, specific negative impact on the environment, and which is identified in the European System of Accounts as a tax."