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CSO statistical release, , 11am

Regional Accounts for Agriculture


RegionNet SubsidiesOperating SurplusNet Subsidies as a % of Operating Surplus
Border, Midland and Western727.2938.977.4
Mid-East and Dublin135.2298.945.2
Southern and Eastern865.11,648.952.5
State 1,592.22,587.961.5

Net Subsidies accounted for 61.5% of Agricultural income

Regional Accounts for Agriculture 2016 Figure 1
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In 2016, net subsidies accounted for 61.5% of agricultural income (operating surplus) at State level. In the Border, Midland and Western region, net subsidies accounted for 77.4% of agricultural income, while in the Southern and Eastern region net subsidies accounted for 52.5% of agricultural income. See above table, graph and Table 3.

An analysis of agriculture in the regions in the year 2016 shows that:

  •  The Southern and Eastern region produced 58.5% of national cattle output.
  •  Over 80% of milk output came from the Southern and Eastern region.
  •  The Southern and Eastern Region accounted for more than 80% of the national cereal output.
  •  More than half (55.8%) of national sheep output and just over half (51.3%) of national pig output came from the Border, Midland and Western region.


Operating surplus36.363.7
Net Subsidies45.754.3
Intermediate consumption37.862.2
Goods output at producer prices35.464.6
Number of Farms*52.847.2
Agricultural area*44.255.8
Table 1 Regional Agricultural Accounts at NUTS 2 level 2015-2016
ItemBorder, Midland and WesternSouthern and EasternState
20152016 20152016 20152016
Livestock1,506.11,496.5 1,944.01,936.0 3,450.23,432.4
of which:        
cattle981.6947.0 1,376.41,334.9 2,358.02,281.9
pigs227.0239.9 231.4228.2 458.3468.0
sheep136.3142.3 108.0112.9 244.3255.2
Livestock products415.5395.1 1,523.01,460.7 1,938.51,855.7
of which:        
milk375.2355.5 1,496.21,434.7 1,871.41,790.3
Crops610.0606.2 1,133.31,163.5 1,743.31,769.8
of which:        
cereals52.445.0 210.3185.8 262.7230.8
root crops31.135.8 92.5102.5 123.6138.3
forage plants379.3387.6 624.7661.9 1,004.01,049.4
Goods output at producer prices2,531.72,497.8 4,600.34,560.1 7,132.07,057.9
Contract work116.9128.1 231.1233.4 348.0361.5
Subsidies on products less taxes on products-10.210.6 -72.6-10.5 -82.90.1
Agricultural output at basic prices2,638.42,636.5 4,758.74,783.1 7,397.17,419.6
Intermediate consumption1,904.01,926.6 3,117.43,176.8 5,021.35,103.4
of which:        
feedingstuffs564.1585.3 753.4765.7 1,317.41,351.0
fertilisers175.4157.5 389.7350.9 565.1508.4
 financial intermediation services indirectly measured22.822.4 39.845.5 62.667.9
energy and lubricants167.5148.7 232.8226.6 400.3375.4
forage plants378.0386.3 623.0660.0 1,001.11,046.3
contract work116.9128.1 231.1233.4 348.0361.5
Gross value added at basic prices734.4709.9 1,641.41,606.2 2,375.82,316.1
Fixed capital consumption293.4268.3 511.4544.4 804.8812.7
Net value added at basic prices441.0441.6 1,130.01,061.8 1,571.01,503.4
Other subsidies less taxes on production632.8716.5 783.1875.6 1,415.91,592.1
Factor income1,073.81,158.1 1,913.01,937.4 2,986.83,095.5
Compensation of employees211.1219.2 277.9288.5 489.0507.7
 Operating surplus 1862.7938.9 1,635.11,648.9 2,497.82,587.9
1 This is calculated before deduction of interest payments on borrowed capital and land rental paid by farmers to landowners.
Table 2 Regional Agricultural Accounts at NUTS 3 level 2016
ItemLivestockLivestock ProductsCropsGoods Output at Producer PricesIntermediate ConsumptionGross Value Added at basic pricesNet Subsidies 1Operating Surplus
Value €m619.3176.1295.21,090.6825.2314.4271.9396.2
% of State total18.09.516.715.516.213.617.115.3
Value €m413.8138.3154.4706.5555.4186.7154.5170.6
% of State total12.17.48.710.
Value €m463.380.7156.6700.7545.9208.8300.8372.2
% of State total13.
Border, Midland and Western (value €m)1,496.5395.1606.22,497.81,926.6709.9727.2938.9
Mid-East and Dublin        
Value €m348.6146.0347.2841.8525.5353.0135.2298.9
% of State total10.27.919.611.910.315.28.511.6
Value €m429.2257.0142.7829.0639.1237.8225.4338.4
% of State total12.513.88.111.712.510.314.213.1
Value €m586.7450.2404.51,441.51,053.9462.8223.5408.8
% of State total17.124.322.920.420.720.014.015.8
Value €m571.4607.4269.11,447.9958.3552.7281.0602.9
% of State total16.632.715.220.518.823.917.623.3
Southern and Eastern (value €m)1,936.01,460.71,163.54,560.13,176.81,606.2865.11,648.9
State (value €m)3,432.41,855.71,769.87,057.95,103.42,316.11,592.22,587.9
1 Net subsidies: Subsidies on products less taxes on products plus subsidies on production less taxes on production.
Table 3 Net Subsidies1 and Operating Surplus by Region€m
Net subsidies 248.6232.8271.9
Operating surplus343.1347.6396.2
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus72.567.068.6
Net subsidies 147.9131.0154.5
Operating surplus129.9143.1170.6
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus113.891.690.6
Net subsidies 275.4258.7300.8
Operating surplus344.9372.1372.2
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus79.869.580.8
Border, Midland and Western   
Net subsidies 671.8622.6727.2
Operating surplus817.9862.7938.9
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus82.172.277.4
Mid-East and Dublin   
Net subsidies 128.2115.0135.2
Operating surplus275.6310.3298.9
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus46.537.145.2
Net subsidies 214.9188.8225.4
Operating surplus336.1324.2338.4
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus63.958.366.6
Net subsidies 213.2179.3223.5
Operating surplus372.0435.7408.8
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus57.341.254.7
Net subsidies 263.9227.2281.0
Operating surplus639.6564.9602.9
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus41.340.246.6
Southern and Eastern   
Net subsidies 820.2710.4865.1
Operating surplus1,623.31,635.11,648.9
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus50.543.452.5
Net subsidies 1,492.11,333.01,592.2
Operating surplus2,441.22,497.82,587.9
Net subsidies as a % of operating surplus61.153.461.5
1 Net subsidies: Subsidies on products less taxes on products plus subsidies on production less taxes on production.

Background Notes

About this Release             

The Regional Accounts for Agriculture release provides a regional breakdown of figures already published at State level in the Output, Input and Income in Agriculture – Final Estimate releaseBoth publications are prepared using similar methodology and definitions of the accounts items, which are described in the Background Notes of the Output, Input and Income in Agriculture release.  

In the absence of the actual regional value data, the values of output and input accounts items at State level are apportioned to each region using a set of appropriate allocators. Derived variables, such as Gross Value Added at Basic Prices (GVA) or Operating Surplus are then calculated separately for each region. For example,

GVA at basic prices = Agricultural Output at basic prices – Intermediate consumption

Operating Surplus =    GVA at basic prices – Compensation of employees 

                              –  Fixed capital consumption 

                              + Other subsidies less taxes on production

The choice of allocator used to distribute State values to the regions varies for each accounts item. For example, for cattle output the allocator is total number of cattle less the number of dairy cows in each region, for pigs and sheep output it is the number of pigs and sheep in June of the reference year, for milk output it is the number of dairy cows multiplied by the average output per cow in the region etc.

Most of the items of intermediate consumption, such as expenditure on fertilisers, crop protection products, energy and lubricants, maintenance and repair, veterinary expenses and expenditure on other goods and services, are allocated based on the average expenditures per farm in each region, as measured by the National Farm Survey conducted annually by Teagasc.

Due to the indirect nature of the methodology described above more reliance should be placed on the changes between the years rather than on the absolute value of the figures for any one year.

The regional results presented in this release relate to each region as a whole. Thus the regional values of the account items, including operating surplus, are not necessarily spread uniformly throughout the region.


The regional classifications in this release are based on the NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) classification used by Eurostat. The NUTS 3 regions correspond to the eight Regional Authorities established under the Local Government Act, 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993, which came into operation on 1 January 1994. The NUTS 2 regions are groupings of the NUTS 3 regions. The composition of the regions is set out below.


Border, Midland and Western NUTS 2 Region

Border                                      Cavan, Donegal, Leitrim, Louth, Monaghan and Sligo

Midland                                     Laois, Longford, Offaly and Westmeath

West                                         Galway City, Galway, Mayo and Roscommon


Southern and Eastern NUTS 2 Region

Dublin                                        Dublin City, Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin

Mid-East                                      Kildare, Meath and Wicklow

Mid-West                                    Clare, Limerick City, Limerick and North Tipperary

South-East                                 Carlow, Kilkenny, South Tipperary, Waterford City, Waterford and Wexford                  

South-West                                Cork City, Cork and Kerry

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