|Number of new dwelling completions|
|Quarter 1 2018||976||2,033||481||3,490|
|Quarter 2 2018||1,159||2,761||499||4,419|
|Quarter 2 2017||1,037||1,788||470||3,295|
|Annual % change||11.8%||54.4%||6.2%||34.1%|
In the second quarter of 2018, there were 4,419 new dwelling completions, compared with 3,295 completions in the same period last year, an increase of 34.1%.
The second quarter figures also show that:
ESB domestic connections dataset used as primary source
The primary data source used for the New Dwellings Completions series is the ESB Networks new domestic connections dataset where the date that the connection is energised determines the date of completion. It is accepted that the ESB domestic connections dataset is overestimating new dwellings and the CSO has adjusted for this overcount by using additional information from ESB and other data sources.
ESB connections are classified into four categories: new dwelling completions, UFHDs, reconnections and non-dwellings. See Background Notes and Methodology for a more detailed discussion of the classification.
The New Dwelling Completions series is based on the number of domestic dwellings connected by the ESB Network to the electricity supply and may not accord precisely with county or Eircode Routing Key boundaries.
The dwelling type (single, scheme, apartment) and urban-rural divide is defined by the ESB Network.
The CSO has utilised other available data sources to validate and enhance the ESB connections dataset. However, this was only possible where the connections dataset could be confidently linked to another dataset using unique identifiers or by address matching. As the level of Eircode collection, coverage and storage increases across data sources in the housing sector, it is expected that the precision of estimates on new dwelling completions can be further enhanced.
There has been a significant level of construction output in the student accommodation sector. These are generally connected to the ESB network as commercial connections and are therefore not included in the ESB domestic connections dataset and have also not been included in ESB connections released by DHPLG. The data available on this sector is on a “bed space” basis and it is not currently possible to report on it as dwellings, which are self-contained units of living accommodation. Based on consultation with stakeholders in this sector, student accommodation may be included in future New Dwelling Completions reports as a separate category. In Q2 2018, 303 bed spaces were completed in the student accommodation sector.
The ESB domestic connections dataset provides information on the type of connection and whether it is in an urban or rural area. Figure 2 below shows that in Q2 2018, more than three quarters of all new dwelling completions (78%) are urban with 22% being in rural areas. See Table 2.
The number of new dwelling completions was highest in Dublin at 1,804 followed by the Mid-East at 870 completions. These two regions combined also accounted for three quarters of all scheme dwellings completed in Q2 2018. Apart from Dublin, counties Meath, Kildare and Cork record more than 200 new scheme dwellings each in Q2 2018. The South-West was the region with the most single dwellings completed, led by county Cork where 175 new single dwellings were completed. There were 323 new apartments completed in Dublin which accounted for 65% of all new apartments in Q2 2018. See Table 3.
In Q2 2018, the Eircode area with the most new dwelling completions was D15 'Dublin 15' (308) followed by D24 'Dublin 24' (178) and A96 'Glenageary' (171). Nine out of the top ten Eircode Routing Keys with the most new dwelling completions are in Dublin and its commuter belts. See Figure 3.
Domestic ESB connections in Q2 2018 totalled 5,460, an increase of 19.6% on Q2 2017. The ESB domestic connections series shows a comparable trend to the NDC series compiled by the CSO as shown in Figure 4. However, there is a significant difference in volume between the two series. The starting point for the NDC series is the ESB domestic connections dataset, with adjustments made to account for previously finished houses in unfinished housing developments (UFHDs), reconnections and non-dwellings as shown in Figure 5 and Table 4.
|New dwelling completions||ESB connections|
The number of previously finished dwellings in unfinished housing developments (UFHDs) dropped from 315 in Q2 2017 to 185 in Q2 2018, a decline of 41.3%. From the peak in Q3 2014 when 716 UFHDs were connected to the ESB Network, UFHDs have decreased by 74.2%. A property which is reconnected to the ESB network after having been disconnected for more than two years, is assigned a new MPRN and is therefore included in the ESB connections datasets. These reconnections decreased by 15.3% to stand at 613 in Q2 2018. The number of non-dwellings has increased slightly by 4.7%. See Figure 5 and Table 4.
Table 5 shows the type of ESB connection by NUTS3 region. Border (99) and West (105) regions show the highest number of reconnections. In Q2 2018, there are no UFHDs in Dublin and the Mid-East shows the highest number of UFHDs at 36. Dublin and Mid-East combined make up 60.5% of all new dwelling completions in Q2 2018. Non-dwellings are highest in the South-West (63) and the Mid-West (41).
|Table 1 New dwelling completions, classified by type of dwelling, 2011 - Q2 2018|
|Table 2 New dwelling completions, by urban v rural, 2011 - Q2 2018|
|Table 3 New dwelling completions by type of dwelling and county, Q2 2018|
|Note: County based on substation of dwelling where available|
|Table 4 ESB connection by type of connection, 2011 - Q2 2018|
|Table 5 ESB by type of connections and NUTS3, Q2 2018|
|Region||New dwelling completions||UFHD||Reconnection||Non-Dwelling||Totals|
|Note: NUTS3 region based on substation of dwelling where available|
The New Dwelling Completions series is produced by the CSO on a quarterly basis. A Housing Analytics Group (HAG) was established in 2017 by the Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government (DHPLG). This group, which met for the first time in May 2017, consists of representatives of bodies with a significant interest and role in housing, housing policy and related policy areas.
The HAG focused on a review of housing related data published nationally and in particular on the number of dwellings built every year. Arising from the work of this group and other direct discussions between the CSO and DHPLG, a significant outcome was to assess the suitability of current housing indicators for estimating the number of new dwelling completions in Ireland.
Historically, the number of new dwellings built in Ireland, as published by the DHPLG, was based on the number of connections to the ESB Network. However, in recent years it became apparent that this series was overestimating the levels of new dwelling construction in Ireland. The New Dwelling Completions series will look to replace this and other available indicators of housing activity in Ireland. This series will include information on dwelling type, urban/rural location, activity by county and by Eircode Routing Key. It will continue to be based on domestic ESB connections but will correct for over-coverage by using additional information from ESB Networks and incorporating data from other sources. It also includes data on the number of reconnections and on houses from unfinished housing developments that are coming back into use. This will provide policy-makers with a valuable insight into the number of new dwellings available for occupation in the quarterly period concerned and also show data on the numbers of dwellings being constructed.
The New Dwelling Completions data series is based on the number of new dwellings connected by the ESB Network to the electricity supply and may not accord precisely with county or Eircode Routing Key boundaries. The NDC series is split into counties and Eircode Routing Keys based on the information of the substation rather than the exact location of the dwelling. As Eircode becomes available as the unique identifier, it will replace the source of identifying the location of a new dwelling.
The breakdown of ESB connections by type of connection and dwelling is based on NUTS 3 regions as described below:
ESB connections are classified into four categories:
The dwelling type (single, scheme, apartment) and urban-rural divide is defined by the ESB Network.
Only domestic connections where a dwelling is a self-contained unit of living accommodation is included in the New Dwelling Completions series. Commercial properties, shared and communal living arrangements are excluded.
The primary data source used for the New Dwellings Completions series is the ESB domestic connections dataset where the date that the connection is energised determines the date of completion. It is accepted that the ESB domestic connections dataset overestimates new dwellings and the CSO has adjusted for this overcount by using additional information from the ESB and other data sources. The ESB domestic connections dataset is matched by the CSO to Building Energy Rating (BER) data, compiled by the Sustainable Energy Authority Ireland (SEAI). Under Statutory Instrument (S.I.) No. 243 of 2012, all residential property for sale must disclose their BER assessment (with some very minor exceptions). The BER includes detailed information on the type of dwelling, the type of certificate (Provisional, Final, Existing) as well as the date of assessment and construction. As the collection, storage and maintenance of Eircode improves, other data sources can be further consulted to improve on the accuracy of the series.
The New Dwelling Completions series is a new statistical product compiled from third party data sources. The series will be revised on an ongoing basis as more timely and accurate data sources become available and these data sources can be matched to the ESB new connections data set.Hide Background Notes and Methodology
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