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For more information on this release:
E-mail: bop@cso.ie Annette Hayes (+353) 1 498 4319 John Flanagan (+353) 1 498 4054
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-5015
CSO statistical release, , 11am

International Trade in Services

2017

 € million
       
ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
20162017
Total135,076198,809-63,733159,701178,054-18,353
  of which:
    UK24,05514,7869,26926,26616,4759,791
    USA14,57049,490-34,92018,47548,075-29,600
    Germany10,9964,0766,92011,9395,2256,714
Netherlands4,39118,303-13,912 4,98322,146-17,163

Service deficit of €18.4bn in 2017

International Trade in Services 2017 Fig 1
go to full release

Total service exports increased by €24.6bn from €135.1bn in 2016 to €159.7bn in 2017. Total service imports decreased by €20.8bn from €198.8bn in 2016 to €178.1bn in 2017. The increase in service exports was mainly due to increased Computer service exports (+€11.2bn) while the decrease in service imports was predominantly due to decreased Research and Development (R&D) service imports related to Intellectual Property (IP) (-€31bn). As a result, the service deficit moved from €63.7bn in 2016 to €18.4bn in 2017. UK, US, Germany and the Netherlands remain Ireland’s most significant trading partners. 

Computer services at €69.3bn remains the largest export category and accounted for 43% of total service exports in 2017. Other Business services, the residual import category at €72.9bn was the largest import category followed by Royalties/Licences at €66.6bn. When combined, these two import categories accounted for 78% of total service imports in 2017 (see Table 1).

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

Service exports to Europe (€82.8bn) increased by €8.7bn between 2016 and 2017 due mainly to increased computer service exports (+€3.4bn) and increased Other services n.e.s. (+€2.7bn). Service exports to the UK increased by €2.2bn, this increase was mainly in Financial services (+€0.7bn) and Other Business services (+€0.5bn). Service exports to Germany and Italy also increased by €0.9bn and €0.8bn respectively (see Tables 2a & 2b).

Service exports to the US increased by €3.9bn in the same period. The increase in exports to US was mainly in Other Business services (+€4.2bn) which was offset by a decrease in Royalties (-€1.5bn). Service exports to Japan increased by €1bn.

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

Services imports from Europe (€68.2bn) decreased by €13.9bn between 2016 and 2017 mainly due to decreased Other Business services (-€18.4bn) which was offset by an increase in Royalties (+€2.9bn).  While imports from Netherland, UK and Germany increased in the same period by €3.8bn, €1.7bn and €1.1bn respectively.

Service imports from the US decreased by €1.4bn between 2016 and 2017 due to decreased Other Business service imports (-€2.8bn) which were partially offset by increased Computer service imports (+€1bn). 

Table 1 Exports and Imports of Services by Category, 20161 and 2017€ million
 2016 1 2017
ItemExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
Services135,076198,809-63,735 159,701178,054-18,351
Repairs & Processing2,5283,904-1,377 2,2544,855-2,600
Transport7,2252,6894,536 8,0862,5405,545
Tourism and travel 4,6855,623-939 4,9725,814-843
Insurance9,2966,6952,600 9,9137,0792,833
Financial services13,28711,5491,740 15,30913,2462,062
Royalties/Licences8,05269,202-61,150 9,60866,588-56,979
Communications7191,165-447 6171,145-529
Computer services 58,0791,38556,694 69,3223,35465,969
Total other business services30,09396,081-65,989 37,07572,868-35,793
      Research and development3,97858,052-54,075 4,90726,832-21,924
      Operational leasing13,1691,07412,095 13,10569612,410
      Legal, accounting and other professional services1,1591,887-729 3,3003,810-511
      Advertising and market research3084,225-3,917 3504,687-4,337
      Trade related services2,57915,000-12,421 2,17215,217-13,045
      Architectural engineering and other technical services17712553 19442151
      Other 8,72315,718-6,995 13,04721,585-8,538
Other services n.e.s.1,112517595 2,5465641,982
 
1Revised
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in 'Total other business services' total.
Table 2a Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2017 € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel1 Insurance Financial servicesRoyalties/Licences Communications Computer services2 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
  
Europe82,83068,208 1,3661,013 7,0701,143 2,6924,082 7,3914,840 11,0235,624 2,05827,443 186658 33,405553 3,635421 14,00922,425
 of which:
      Belgium2,9202,909 27* 175158 *50 7050 25018 ** 40 1,0510 5635 4952,218
      France 6,7043,016 144* 48983 294354 560558 249248 11848 11* 2,76343 9190 1,1561,524
      Germany 11,9395,225 244246 883101 399141 971833 ** ** 114 5,93120 1,7050 1,3463,141
      Italy 6,4693,254 ** 42757 191290 2,254904 537* ** 828 1,5399 4590 9551,350
      Luxembourg-1,5532,093 572 80 68 2041 2,11699 *1,808 0* ** *32 *80
      Netherlands 4,98322,146 *44 17344 105117 13880 61615 ** 8* 2,53412 4690 8572,069
      Spain3,6932,351 40180 55959 2551,096 13674 17240 ** ** 96211 3290 1,172748
      Sweden3,441762 *0 3880 4110 15873 14032 *0 5* 1,822* 3610 491455
      Switzerland3,7284,080 16876 9674 00 6779 248* ** 40 2,18611 *0 464697
      United Kingdom 26,26616,475 586100 2,349531 1,0321,266 2,5071,613 5,5954,355 1,088463 108551 6,328275 2,464364 4,2126,954
 
    EMU 19338,81843,459 607833 3,132538 1,4752,589 4,3002,612 4,5821,007 77223,130 6572 17,257106 -61845 7,24812,528
    EU 28474,07462,191 1,197936 6,3911,070 2,6754,069 7,1414,483 10,4005,416 1,92123,628 178658 29,103541 2,707405 12,36020,982
 
North America20,38048,457 ** 793637 1,526956 *1,338 1,132* *7,626 ** 2,8491,321 *71 7,80929,839
 of which:
      Canada1,903379 0* 3926 25590 *18 99* *8 0* 23119 *0 469175
      United States 18,47548,075 *967 757613 1,270866 1,4581,320 1,0305,613 3,0847,618 *39 2,6161,304 28171 7,34129,664
 
Central America2,20325,076 ** 00 00 194350 *111 *24,280 ** *19 *0 1,449255
 of which:
      Bermuda6242,991 *0 00 00 107224 920 *2,714 *0 120 *0 *51
 
South America1,928403 0* 00 00 *43 ** 210 484 *0 1724 1,478331
 of which:
      Brazil1,262260 0* 00 00 *20 ** 50 80 *0 994 1,031222
 
Asia24,45411,811 36* 039 523 539428 695297 2,195* *40 *71 2,8789 7,7953,820
 of which:
      China4,0422,588 0* 00 400 116* ** 720 *0 *5 1841 983323
      Japan 5,7431,170 0* 039 123 46* 232108 *350 *8 *30 7130 2,067552
  South Korea84684 00 00 00 ** 23* 280 80 *0 *0 34560
      Taiwan, Province of China679125 0* 00 00 6* 579 *0 00 *0 2910 29330
 
Africa 1,859512 00 00 00 10155 27234 310 40 *8 *4 385408
 of which:
      South Africa1,063218 ** 00 00 35* 16128 190 00 *8 1880 114141
 
Oceania and Polar regions3,902292 00 60 056 40* 79* 890 40 *8 *0 549197
 of which:
      Australia3,654269 00 60 052 26* 58* 850 40 *8 *0 503186
 
Not geographically allocated522,128* *216 215721 704715 ** *1,532 *2,693 251399 19,6531,367 -5,24548 3,597*
International Organisations18* 00 00 00 *0 *0 ** *0 *0 *0 4*
 
Total159,701178,054 2,2544,855 8,0862,540 4,9725,814 9,9137,079 15,30913,246 9,60866,588 6171,145 69,3223,354 2,546564 37,07572,868
 of which:
      All offshore centres66,62431,764 ** 00 00 289569 1,006312 2,49629,132 ** 865* -7170 2,5621,345
 
 
Table 2a Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2017 - continued€ million 
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
 
Europe3013,146 4,784142 348473 244564 *9,853 *31 6,5538,218 14,00922,425
 of which:
      Belgium** 620 20* ** *556 ** 335* 4952,218
      France 468 676* 4625 2542 *985 ** 313393 1,1561,524
      Germany 56* 62344 5420 46* *1,370 ** 424511 1,3463,141
      Italy 0* 183* 1713 2* *423 ** 454808 9551,350
      Luxembourg** 150 0* 00 0* 0* *45 *80
      Netherlands ** 3056 33106 ** 40* ** 404289 8572,069
      Spain0* 314* 830 2* *332 ** 527316 1,172748
      Sweden*0 1150 12* 1* *370 ** 21572 491455
      Switzerland3628 145* 2916 10 24450 8* 221200 464697
      United Kingdom *173 71128 111188 *283 4852,630 *7 2,7313,646 4,2126,954
                       
    EMU 1931212,932 2,427105 182248 106226 *5,401 *24 3,2893,591 7,24812,528
    EU 284*3,115 3,481138 313455 *538 *8,971 *31 6,3257,733 12,36020,982
 
North America** 1,204* ** *1,290 140* 16* 2,96910,097 7,80929,839
 of which:
      Canada0* 2690 4* 5638 8* 0* 131102 469175
      United States7*16,469 934* *1,095 *1,251 133742 16* 2,8379,996 7,34129,664
 
Central America*19 584* ** ** 2051 0* 68101 1,449255
 of which:                       
      Bermuda** 8* *0 0* 20* 00 2238 *51
 
South America** 1,335* *0 0* 0* 00 142150 1,478331
 of which:                       
      Brazil** 878* *0 0* 0* 00 15390 1,031222
 
Asia*309 4,672202 6988 *309 321,556 *0 2,9641,356 7,7953,820
 of which:
      China050 961* ** 0* ** *0 12147 983323
      Japan ** 140114 *11 0* 8132 ** *228 2,067552
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)** 334* *0 0* ** ** 634 34560
      Taiwan, Province of China00 279* 00 00 0* 00 1520 29330
 
Africa ** 2835 *2 0* *293 *0 5684 385408
 of which:
      South Africa** 580 ** 0* 4116 *0 4520 114141
 
Oceania and Polar regions029 15110 29* 1* 12* 00 35657 549197
 of which:                       
      Australia029 1174 27* 1* 8* 00 34656 503186
                        
Not geographically allocated52,498* 92115 7342,127 242,414 224* 880 -62* 3,597*
International Organisations00 00 ** ** 0* ** 0* 4*
 
Total4,90726,832 13,105696 3,3003,810 3504,687 2,17215,217 19442 13,04721,585 37,07572,868
 of which:
      All offshore centres6*45 605123 ** 4* 28377 120 1,099704 2,5621,345
1Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
2Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
3The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands,Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat, Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
7United States includes Peurto Rico
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates.
Table 2b Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20161€ million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel2 Insurance Financial servicesRoyalties/Licences Communications Computer services3 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
  
Europe74,12982,083 1,163744 6,3491,132 2,6503,832 6,9134,655 9,4654,918 1,89524,555 315663 30,045429 906372 14,42440,779
 of which:
      Belgium2,5252,735 1317 168152 4879 6552 23217 212* 40 9130 445* 4242,165
      France 6,4272,705 177103 45980 275340 609562 232202 12249 124 2,80141 6700 1,0691,327
      Germany 10,9964,076 236198 84398 387138 944803 257* ** *12 *32 *0 1,0171,702
      Italy 5,6722,854 31103 39755 175269 1,935851 506* ** *28 *16 4060 7311,027
      Luxembourg-1,8822,725 560 80 103 1932 1,74183 *2,459 ** 3087 ** *101
      Netherlands 4,39118,303 *40 17041 9873 12448 48615 92* ** ** 4650 7141,535
      Spain3,1492,188 6186 43758 2541,062 144118 13737 *124 *0 *8 *0 919698
      Sweden2,844551 *5 2860 3816 13870 10332 ** 5* 1,444* 3770 418249
      Switzerland3,433* 183* 96111 00 4764 2046 138* 40 1,9207 4450 393*
      United Kingdom 24,05514,786 359130 2,285505 1,0941,185 2,4031,613 4,8533,751 819603 146571 6,085156 2,284316 3,7215,953
 
    EMU 19434,68437,956 609567 2,853518 1,3832,421 3,9902,528 3,880949 82320,856 15664 15,765126 -2,89243 8,1179,887
    EU 28566,26354,624 980707 5,8641,022 2,6353,803 6,6944,394 8,9204,762 1,69721,527 307663 26,375424 156357 12,63516,960
 
North America16,14249,759 *645 641709 1,338917 *1,268 1,057* 4,6258,149 3630 2,682250 ** 3,42832,589
 of which:
      Canada1,568268 00 422 21690 *17 84* 7129 00 20216 ** 28082
      United States 14,57049,490 *645 637687 1,123828 1,4011,251 9735,115 4,5558,122 3630 2,480233 *71 3,14732,508
 
Central America2,10229,088 ** 00 00 243359 *98 28327,720 424 *17 ** 988865
 of which:
      Bermuda5184,519 *0 00 00 126205 ** 2723,575 424 131 ** 254*
 
South America1,739282 0* 00 00 *29 ** 180 484 *4 2014 1,275224
 of which:
      Brazil1,031175 0* 00 00 *6 ** 10 *0 *4 1134 816151
 
Asia20,33211,667 0* 037 4926 *291 695298 514* 8032 *50 3,1068 6,6202,801
 of which:
      China3,882* 0* 00 400 ** 28* 260 1212 *4 1821 1,270200
      Japan 4,7921,344 0* 037 926 3634 25893 *521 44 *4 686* *595
      South Korea79149 0* 00 00 ** 31* 280 80 40 ** 31236
      Taiwan, Province of China659* 0* 00 00 *4 74* 00 00 *0 2640 305*
 
Africa 1,745416 00 00 00 *54 25328 22* 80 *12 233* 390313
 of which:
      South Africa920188 00 00 00 3642 13224 ** 00 *12 189* 117110
 
Oceania and Polar regions3,114254 00 00 056 *27 63* 68* 00 *8 7800 217154
 of which:
      Australia2,835234 00 00 052 *16 43* 64* 00 *8 7190 118148
 
Not geographically allocated615,753* *381 235811 648790 26* *1,058 6272,777 *408 13,756616 ** 2,748*
International Organisations21* 00 00 00 ** ** 00 *0 00 8* 4*
 
Total135,076198,809 2,5283,903 7,2252,689 4,6855,623 9,2966,695 13,28711,549 8,05269,202 7191,165 58,0791,384 1,112517 30,09396,081
 of which:
      All offshore centres74,51135,916 ** 00 00 352512 858263 60233,379 *24 809* -3660 1,4471,452
 
 
Table 2b Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20161 - continued€ million 
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
 
Europe314* 4,845174 302338 163517 *8,856 ** 7,0166,071 14,42440,779
 of which:
      Belgium0* 63* 18* 47 ** *0 259* 4242,165
      France 473 685* 3754 1240 120926 4* 214218 1,0691,327
      Germany 5251 48531 4822 2442 *1,253 *4 190301 1,0171,702
      Italy 0* 20931 *11 ** *380 ** 227540 7311,027
      Luxembourg** *0 0* 0* 026 0* *56 *101
      Netherlands ** 332* 2525 ** ** *4 264201 7141,535
      Spain084 339* *14 ** *329 *0 324253 919698
      Sweden*0 130* 74 0* *194 *0 11648 418249
      Switzerland24* 130* 2016 00 24459 80 186216 393*
      United Kingdom 4196 72638 111149 116309 4622,614 2815 2,2752,632 3,7215,953
 
    EMU 1941442,111 2,353117 *157 *148 *4,733 *34 4,2852,585 8,1179,887
    EU 2852902,313 3,436160 *318 *477 *8,087 *49 6,7405,556 12,63516,960
 
North America698* 1,048* *805 ** ** *42 9625,215 3,42832,589
 of which:
      Canada0* 214* 4* 20* 8* 0* 3238 28082
      United States 69823,235 833* ** ** *1,497 ** 9295,177 3,14732,508
 
Central America** 612166 *0 0* 20* 0* 15537 988865
 of which:
      Bermuda** 1897 *0 00 20* 0* 49-3 254*
 
South America** 1,268* *0 ** ** ** 4124 1,275224
 of which:
      Brazil** 813* *0 ** 0* 00 082 816151
 
Asia*170 4,849441 5466 *201 391,361 *0 1,597559 6,6202,801
 of which:
      China0* 1,254* 08 0* 4* 40 763 1,270200
      Japan 013 88162 ** ** 8219 0* *156 *595
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)** 3060 *0 0* 0* *0 426 31236
      Taiwan, Province of China00 294* 00 00 0* 00 1211 305*
 
Africa ** 30112 ** ** *248 50 5438 390313
 of which:
      South Africa** 64* ** 00 4* *0 4412 117110
 
Oceania and Polar regions0* 15112 23* 40 12* 0* 2837 217154
 of which:
      Australia0* 604 21* 40 8* 0* 2433 118148
 
Not geographically allocated62,848* 93* 76658 811,791 7232,854 19* -1,091* 2,748*
International Organisations00 0* *0 *0 0* ** 0* 4*
 
Total3,97858,052 13,1691,074 1,1591,887 3084,225 2,57915,000 177125 8,72315,718 30,09396,081
 of which:
      All offshore centres7** 755216 *14 4* 28322 *0 404294 1,4471,452
1Revised
2Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
3Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands,Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat, Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates.
Table 3 - Exports and Imports of Services classified by country, 2016-2017€ million
Region/Country2016 12017
ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
Algeria*0***3
Angola*0**1*
Argentina1854014617051119
Australia2,8352342,6013,6542693,386
Austria861274588939453487
Bahamas72**28**
Bahrain86**62159
Barbados79117-38917713
Belarus271117*12*
Belgium2,5252,735-2102,9202,90912
Bermuda5184,519-4,0016242,991-2,366
Bosnia and Herzegovina*0**0*
Brazil1,0311758561,2622601,002
Virgin Islands, British 64**89**
Bulgaria844241965243
Canada1,5682681,3001,9033791,523
Cayman Islands536**555**
Chile24515229*16*
China3,882**4,0422,5881,455
Colombia1622314015036113
Croatia58517715221
Curacao404202
Cyprus-11236-150*35*
Czech Republic343181162426284142
Denmark1,3703929771,6633341,328
Dominican Republic303000
Ecuador39**17**
Egypt2299613321863155
El Salvador1701716014
Estonia*13*39**
Ethiopia8108091**
Finland1,1204556631,222579642
France6,4272,7053,7226,7043,0163,688
Georgia*0****
Germany10,9964,0766,92111,9395,2256,712
Gibraltar64**71**
Greece312133178367174193
Guernsey*23*901277
Hong Kong62168554685158525
Hungary*78**99*
Iceland75*****
India2,6705962,0742,9727982,174
Indonesia3891737245129424
Isle of Man 90293-20380383-304
Israel883188695995198799
Italy5,6722,8542,8176,4693,2543,216
Jamaica000100
Japan4,7921,3443,4485,7431,1704,573
Jersey114**113400-287
Jordan62**981483
Kazakhstan93**1198110
Kenya771464881573
South Korea7914974284684761
Kuwait77176123**
Latvia691456714130
Lebanon45212548**
Libya***20017
Liechtenstein43*****
Lithuania10421831043074
Luxembourg-1,8822,725-4,606-1,5532,093-3,646
Macao3713620**
Malaysia2982127734419325
Malta130**109311-203
Marshall Islands*6*26-4
Mexico677119560682214468
Montenegro******
Morocco70****63
Netherlands4,39118,303-13,9124,98322,146-17,163
New Zealand21142072037196
Nigeria144618312010119
Norway1,6681791,4892,0691951,873
Oman67561871077
Pakistan11091011091099
Panama54**61**
Philippines230**224419-194
Poland1,1114856261,267528739
Portugal609434174790550240
Qatar3671135638923366
Romania91105-15119144-25
Russian Federation1,5372981,2371,5944241,171
Rwanda*0***1
Saudi Arabia569363207646400246
Serbia40****33
Singapore1,844**3,724**
Slovakia10034671103280
Slovenia62234070**
South Africa9201887311,063218846
Spain3,1492,1889603,6932,3511,343
Sri Lanka***34132
Sweden2,8445512,2933,4417622,680
Switzerland3,433**3,7284,080-352
Taiwan, Province of China659**679125553
Thailand1654112530056244
Trinidad and Tobago***16**
Tunisia2461921615
Turkey693195498685261424
Ukraine731657881571
United Arab Emirates*202**294*
United Kingdom24,05514,7869,26926,26616,4759,791
United States14,57049,490-34,92118,47548,075-29,601
Uruguay*1*404
Venezuela1841319217
Viet Nam1432212116413151
Virgin Islands, US909404
International Organisations21**18**
Not geographically allocated215,869**22,244**
Marginal trade339360333364162202
 
World total135,076198,809-63,735 159,701178,054-18,351
1Revised
2This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
3Subtotal for countries for which exports and imports are less than €10m.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in world total.

Background Notes

The International Trade in Services provides, on an annual basis, greater analysis of the service components and significantly more geographical detail, including a cross-classification of service components according to counterpart country/region. The data are collected and compiled within the BOP framework and as such are designed to comply in so far as possible with the stipulated international methodological standards. They also conform closely with international presentation formats taking materiality and relevance into account as well as data confidentiality constraints. The results published in this release are generally compatible with the information supplied to and published by Eurostat and the European Central Bank (ECB) concerning the economic activities of EU and EMU residents with non-residents of these areas. The figures are also compatible with those supplied to other international organisations such as IMF and OECD.

 

For more detailed methodological information see International Trade in Services - Background Notes ( updated October 2017) (PDF 130KB)

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