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For more information on this release:
E-mail: Paul Deane (+353) 21 453 5560 Angela Hickey (+353) 21 453 5316
For general information on CSO statistics: (+353) 21 453 5000 On-line ISSN 1393-7278
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Crops and Livestock Survey June Provisional Estimates

June 2018

   Total Cereals  Cattle   Sheep
     '000 hectares(ha)  
     '000      '000
June 2017272.47,363.55,197.1
June 2018260.97,348.55,105.5
% change-4.2-0.2-1.8

Area under cereals down 4.2% in June 2018

Figure 1 Percentage change in selected items, June 2017/2018
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Preliminary estimates for June 2018 show that the area under cereals decreased by 11,600 hectares (ha) (-4.2%) to 260,900 ha when compared to June 2017. This was mainly due to a decrease of 9,100 ha (-13.6%) in the area under wheat,  a decrease of 7,300 ha (-11.2%) in the area under winter barley and a decrease of 6,800 ha (-27.6%) in the area under oats. The area under spring barley showed an increase of 11,800 ha (+10.2%). See Table 1 and Figure 2.

The total number of sheep was 5,105,500 a decrease of 91,600 (-1.8%) on June 2017. The number of non-breeding sheep decreased by 75,000 (-2.9%) and breeding sheep decreased by 16,600 (-0.6%). See Table 3.

The June 2018 results also show that:

  • Total cattle numbers were down by 15,000 (-0.2%) to 7,348,500. See Table 2.
  • The number of dairy cows was up by 48,200 (+3.4%), while other cows dropped by 33,100 (-3.1%). See Table 2.
  • The total number of cattle 2 years and over increased by 23,700 (+3.0%), while cattle under 1 year decreased by 52,600 (-2.5%). See Table 2.
  • The area under potatoes decreased by 10.8% to 8,200 ha. See Table 1.
X-axis label201620172018
Winter wheat60.460.354.4
Spring wheat7.56.83.6
Winter Oats13.214.410.2
Spring Oats10107.5
Winter Barley74.66557.7
Spring Barley114.6115.2126.9
Table 1 Area under Crops
DescriptionJune 2016June 2017June 2018   Change 2017 - 2018
' 000 hectares' 000 hectares%
Wheat - total67.967.057.9-9.1-13.6
   Winter wheat60.460.354.4-5.9-9.8
   Spring wheat7.56.83.6-3.2-47.4
Oats - total23.224.417.7-6.8-27.6
   Winter oats13.214.410.2-4.2-29.4
   Spring oats10.010.07.5-2.5-25.1
Barley - total189.2180.2184.74.52.5
   Winter barley74.665.057.7-7.3-11.2
   Spring barley114.6115.2126.911.810.2
Other cereals0.80.80.6-0.1-17.4
Total cereals281.1272.4260.9-11.6-4.2
Table 2 Number of Cattle
DescriptionJune 2016June 2017June 2018   Change 2017 - 2018
' 000 ' 000 %
Total cattle7,221.27,363.57,348.5-15.0-0.2
      Dairy cows11,397.91,432.71,480.948.23.4
      Other cows1,103.71,081.01,047.9-33.1-3.1
      Cattle male: 2 years and over391.1431.7442.510.82.5
      Cattle female: 2 years and over324.4356.4369.312.93.6
      Cattle male: 1-2 years872.7902.3895.0-7.3-0.8
      Cattle female: 1-2 years980.51,011.61,023.712.01.2
      Cattle male: under 1 year1,045.61,033.5998.1-35.5-3.4
      Cattle female: under 1 year1,080.31,097.41,080.3-17.1-1.6
   Total cattle male2,334.52,384.52,346.5-38.0-1.6
   Total cattle female 4,886.74,979.05,
1 Dairy cows are those kept principally to produce milk for human consumption.
2 Bulls used for breeding purposes only.
Table 3 Number of Sheep
DescriptionJune 2016June 2017June 2018   Change 2017 - 2018
' 000 ' 000 %
Total sheep5,179.25,197.15,105.5-91.6-1.8
   Breeding sheep2,582.82,593.52,577.0-16.6-0.6
      Ewes: 2 years and over2,025.12,033.02,020.5-12.5-0.6
      Ewes: under 2 years479.9482.2479.2-3.0-0.6
   Other sheep2,596.42,603.62,528.6-75.0-2.9

Background Notes



This release presents provisional estimates of land utilisation and livestock numbers in June 2018 at State level. The estimates for sheep are based on returns from the 2018 June sample survey of agricultural holdings, conducted by the Central Statistics Office (CSO). The estimates for cattle and for crops are obtained from administrative data from the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM).

Coverage  Farms where the agricultural area used was at least one hectare (2.47 acres) are included in the June Agricultural Sample Survey. Farms with less than one hectare may also be included if they were engaged in intensive production. 


Crops  The results for crops are based on data obtained from the DAFM Basic Payment Scheme.

Cattle  The results for cattle are obtained from DAFM’s Animal Identification and Movement (AIM) system, formerly known as the Cattle Movement Monitoring System (CMMS). This system was introduced at the beginning of 2000 and involves electronically recording data on animal movements.

Sheep  The June 2018 results for sheep are based on the trends obtained by comparing the returns from the 2018 sample with the 2017 returns for the same 7,400 farms and applying these trends to the June 2017 figures.

As the figures in the text and tables have been rounded to the nearest 100 units, there may be slight discrepancies between the sum (or difference) of the constituent items and the total shown. Percentage changes have been calculated on actual figures.



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