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For more information on this release:
E-mail: Gerard Reilly (+353) 21 453 5700 Angela Hickey (+353) 21 453 5316
For general information on CSO statistics: (+353) 21 453 5000 On-line ISSN 1393-7278
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Crops and Livestock Survey June Provisional Estimates

June 2014

   Total Cereals  Cattle   Sheep
  '000 hectares  
     '000      '000
June 2013307.86,902.65,110.6
June 2014304.06,926.14,989.2
% change-1.2+0.3-2.4

Sheep numbers down 2.4% in June 2014

Figure 1 Percentage change in selected items June 2013/2014
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Preliminary estimates for June 2014 show that total sheep numbers have decreased by 121,300 (-2.4%) to 4,989,200. This was due to reductions of 84,400 (-15.6%) in ewes under 2 years, 62,800 (-2.5%) in other sheep (non-breeding) and 7,100 (-8.8%) in rams. See Table 3.

The area under cereals decreased by 3,800 hectares (-1.2%) to 304,000 ha. The area under spring cereals (wheat, oats and barley) decreased by 50,800 ha (-23.1%) including a drop of 12,900 ha (-60.7%) in spring oats. The area under winter cereals showed an increase of 47,300 ha (+54.5%) in the same period, with an increase of 4,700 ha (+87.9%) in winter oats. See Table 1.


The June 2014 results also show that:

  • Cattle numbers were up by 23,500 (+0.3%) to 6,926,100. See Table 2.
  • The total number of cattle 2 years and over increased by 116,000 (+15.1%), while cattle under 1 year decreased by 90,100 (-4.6%). See Table 2.
  • The number of dairy cows was up by 63,200 (+5.4%), while other cows dropped by 21,200 (-1.8%). See Table 2.
  • The area under potatoes decreased by 10.8% to 9,600 ha. See Table 1.
Table 1 Area under Crops
DescriptionJune 2012June 2013June 2014   Change 2013 - 2014
' 000 hectares' 000 hectares%
Wheat - total98.060.671.010.417.2
   Winter wheat84.645.464.519.142.1
   Spring wheat13.515.26.6-8.7-56.9
Oats - total23.726.718.4-8.2-30.8
   Winter oats9.95.410.14.787.9
   Spring oats13.821.38.4-12.9-60.7
Barley - total192.8219.4213.7-5.7-2.6
   Winter barley41.036.059.423.465.2
   Spring barley151.8183.5154.3-29.2-15.9
Other cereals0.91.10.8-0.3-29.5
Total cereals315.4307.8304.0-3.8-1.2
Table 2 Number of Cattle
DescriptionJune 2012June 2013June 2014   Change 2013 - 2014
' 000 ' 000 %
Total cattle6,754.16,902.66,926.123.50.3
      Dairy cows11,140.81,163.21,226.463.25.4
      Other cows1,148.61,150.31,129.0-21.2-1.8
      Cattle male: 2 years and over360.6388.2455.967.717.4
      Cattle female: 2 years and over372.0380.1428.448.312.7
      Cattle male: 1-2 years770.2872.7820.5-52.2-6.0
      Cattle female: 1-2 years889.8938.3946.78.40.9
      Cattle male: under 1 year1,023.2959.2901.6-57.6-6.0
      Cattle female: under 1 year1,012.81,009.3976.8-32.5-3.2
   Total cattle male2,190.12,261.52,218.8-42.7-1.9
   Total cattle female 4,564.14,641.14,707.366.21.4
1 Dairy cows are those kept principally to produce milk for human consumption.
2 Bulls used for breeding purposes only.
Table 3 Number of Sheep
DescriptionJune 2012June 2013June 2014   Change 2013 - 2014
' 000 ' 000 %
Total sheep5,170.05,110.64,989.2-121.3-2.4
   Breeding sheep2,667.02,648.62,590.0-58.6-2.2
      Ewes: 2 years and over2,027.92,028.72,061.632.91.6
      Ewes: under 2 years561.4539.5455.1-84.4-15.6
   Other sheep2,503.02,462.02,399.2-62.8-2.5

Background Notes



This release presents provisional estimates of land utilisation and livestock numbers in June 2014 at State level. The estimates for sheep are based on returns from the 2014 June sample survey of agricultural holdings, conducted by the Central Statistics Office (CSO). The estimates for cattle and for crops are obtained from administrative data from the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM).

Coverage  Farms where the agricultural area used was at least one hectare (2.47 acres) are included in the June Agricultural Sample Survey. Farms with less than one hectare may also be included if they were engaged in intensive production. 


Crops  The results for crops are based on data obtained from the DAFM Single Payment Scheme.

Cattle  The results for cattle are obtained from DAFM’s Animal Identification and Movement (AIM) system, formerly known as the Cattle Movement Monitoring System (CMMS). This system was introduced at the beginning of 2000 and involves electronically recording data on animal movements.

Sheep  The June 2014 results for sheep are based on the trends obtained by comparing the returns from the 2014 sample with the 2013 returns for the same 7,700 farms and applying these trends to the June 2013 figures.

As the figures in the text and tables have been rounded to the nearest 100 units, there may be slight discrepancies between the sum (or difference) of the constituent items and the total shown. Percentage changes have been calculated on actual figures.



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