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This release was compiled during the COVID-19 pandemic. For further information see Press Statement Aviation Statistics Quarter 1 2020.
|Number of passengers handled by main Irish airports, Quarter 1 2018-2020|
|Q1 2018||Q1 20191||Q1 2020||% change Q1 2019-2020|
|1 Minor revisions to some airports|
In the first quarter of 2020, over 5.9 million passengers passed through the five main Irish airports, a decrease of 20.4% over the same period in 2019.
The data shows modest increases in passengers numbers for January and February but passenger numbers for March 2020 showed a drop of 57.5% compared to the same month in 2019. This decrease is associated with the restrictions imposed in March 2020 due to COVID-19. See table 1b.
Passenger numbers decreased in all five airports. Dublin airport accounted for 86.9% of all air passengers handled in the first quarter of 2020.
The results also show that:
|Table 1A: Number of passengers handled by main airports, Quarter 1 2018-2020|
|Airport||Q1 2018||Q1 20191||Q1 2020||% change Q1 2019-2020|
|1 Minor revisions to some airports|
|Table 1B: Number of passengers classified by month handled by main airports|
|2018||2019||2020||% change 2019-2020|
|Table 2: Passenger numbers classified by arrivals and departures handled by main airports|
|Airport||Q1 2018||Q1 20191||Q1 2020|
|1 Minor revisions to some airports|
|Table 3A: Number of flights classified by arrivals and departures handled by main airports, Quarter 1 2020|
|Table 3B: Number of flights classified by month handled by main airports|
|2019||2020||% change 2019-2020|
|Table 4A: Top 10 arrivals and departures for Dublin airport by number of passengers, Quarter 1 2020|
|London - Heathrow||161,047||164,500||325,547|
|London - Gatwick||134,468||130,603||265,071|
|Amsterdam - Schiphol||116,590||114,749||231,339|
|London - Stansted||84,477||85,021||169,498|
|Paris - Charles De Gaulle||72,122||70,686||142,808|
|New York - John F Kennedy||55,339||54,011||109,350|
|Table 4B: Top 10 arrivals and departures for Cork airport by number of passengers, Quarter 1 2020|
|London - Heathrow||33,663||34,215||67,878|
|London - Stansted||31,004||32,246||63,250|
|Amsterdam - Schiphol||15,919||16,415||32,334|
|London - Gatwick||12,280||11,767||24,047|
|Liverpool - John Lennon||8,171||8,203||16,374|
|Paris - Charles De Gaulle||7,972||8,128||16,100|
|London - Luton||8,028||6,771||14,799|
|Table 4C: Top 10 arrivals and departures for Shannon airport by number of passengers, Quarter 1 2020|
|London - Heathrow||21,349||24,091||45,440|
|London - Stansted||19,812||18,479||38,291|
|London - Gatwick||10,196||10,459||20,655|
|Boston - Logan||7,068||7,552||14,620|
|New York - John F Kennedy||4,427||4,627||9,054|
|Wroclaw - Strachowice||4,018||3,568||7,586|
|Krakow - Balice||3,947||3,613||7,560|
|Table 4D: Top 5 arrivals and departures for Knock airport by number of passengers, Quarter 1 2020|
|London - Stansted||12,651||15,403||28,054|
|London - Luton||9,662||9,898||19,560|
|Liverpool - John Lennon||9,267||9,761||19,028|
|London - Gatwick||6,272||6,608||12,880|
|Table 4E: Top 5 arrivals and departures for Kerry airport by number of passengers, Quarter 1 2020|
|London - Luton||9,259||9,387||18,646|
|London - Stansted||7,257||7,857||15,114|
|Berlin - Schönefeld||3,263||3,227||6,490|
|Frankfurt - Hahn||2,789||2,820||5,609|
|Table 5: Number of passengers classified by country of flight stage origin and destination handled by main airports, Quarter 1 2020|
|UK - England||1,067,929||1,087,389||2,155,318|
|UK - Northern Ireland||532||-||532|
|UK - Scotland||118,321||118,544||236,865|
|UK - Wales||8,539||9,027||17,566|
|UK - Other||3,553||3,888||7,441|
|Total North America||249,220||253,459||502,679|
|Asia||United Arab Emirates||72,007||66,378||138,385|
|1 Due to residual coding errors some passengers cannot be assigned a country of flight origin/destination.|
|2 This figure refers to passengers on international flights only and excludes passengers on domestic flights.|
|Table 6: Air freight classified by national and international traffic handled by main airports, Quarter 1 2020|
|National freight traffic||0||1,620||-||110||1,730|
|International freight traffic||23||32,160||3||3,219||35,405|
|Table 7: Air freight classified by arrivals and departures handled by main airports, Quarter 1 2020|
|Arrivals - freight||9||17,715||3||1,397||19,124|
|Departures - freight||14||16,065||0||1,932||18,011|
|Table 8: Seasonally adjusted number of passengers handled by main airports|
|Airport||Q1 2019||Q4 2019||Q1 2020||% change Q4 2019-Q1 2020|
Statistics on Aviation are collected under Statutory Instrument (S.I.) No. 10 of 2020 - Statistics (carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air) Order 2020.
The data in this release provides details on the number of passengers classified by arrivals and departures, and by reference to national and international traffic; the number of flights by arrivals and departures and information on air freight and mail (in tonnes). The release also highlights the top routes for each of the five main airports: Dublin, Cork, Shannon, Knock and Kerry. In 2019, the top five airports represented 99.8% of all air passengers.
Aviation statistics are compiled from data supplied by all Irish airports. The following Irish airports provide data to the Central Statistics Office: Dublin, Cork, Shannon, Kerry, Knock, Waterford, Connemara, Donegal and Inishmore. Galway and Sligo airports ceased operations in 2011. There have been no commercial flights in Waterford Airport since June 2016. Data for the five main airports is supplied on a monthly basis. Data for regional airports is supplied annually to the Central Statistics Office.
The statistics in this release are not fully coherent with the Air and Sea Travel statistics. The differences in passenger numbers which are typically less than 0.5%, arise because the Air and Sea Travel statistics exclude transit passengers, domestic air travel and flights to Northern Ireland.
Seasonal adjustment for passenger numbers is conducted using a direct seasonal adjustment approach. However, the overall passenger totals are estimated using the indirect approach, i.e. the ‘Total passengers’ is derived by adding the monthly seasonally adjusted passenger numbers for each airport. The main reason for adopting the indirect approach is to attribute the monthly and annual changes in passenger numbers to each airport. Seasonal adjustment models are developed for each airport based on unadjusted data spanning from January 2012 to the current period. These models are reviewed on an annual basis; however seasonal factors are updated each quarter.
The adjustments are completed by applying the X-13-ARIMA model, developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to the unadjusted data. This methodology estimates seasonal factors while also taking into consideration factors that impact on the quality of the seasonal adjustment such as:
• Calendar effects, e.g. the timing of Easter,
• Outliers, temporary changes and level shifts in the series.
For additional information on the use of X-13-ARIMA see https://www.census.gov/srd/www/winx13/
Main airport: A main airport is defined as an airport through which in excess of 150,000 passengers fly per annum. The five main airports in Ireland are Dublin, Cork, Shannon, Knock and Kerry.
Regional airport: A regional airport is defined as an airport through which less than 150,000 passengers fly per annum. The three regional airports in Ireland are Donegal, Connemara and Inishmore.
Scheduled flight: The term 'scheduled' in this release, refers to a commercial air service operated according to a published timetable, or with such a regular frequency that it constitutes an easily recognisable systematic series of flights.
Non-scheduled flight: The term 'non-scheduled' in this release, refers to a commercial air service other than scheduled air service e.g. chartered or private aircraft flights.
Direct transit passengers: These are passengers who, following a short stop, continue their journey on the same aircraft with the same flight number as the flight on which they arrived. These passengers are en route to another destination and generally do not disembark from their aircraft.
Transfer passengers: Transfer passengers or ‘connecting passengers’ are defined as passengers who make a stop at an airport without any purpose other than to board another aircraft to reach another destination. Unlike transit passengers, transfer passengers disembark the aircraft and pass through the airport en route to their connecting flight.Hide Background Notes
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