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Details of 3-year Custodial Re-offending

    These statistics are categorised as Under Reservation. This categorisation indicates that the quality of these statistics do not meet the standards required of official statistics published by the CSO.

    For further information please refer to the Under Reservation FAQ page.

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This chapter outlines some more details concerning prisoners who re-offended within 3 years of release from custody, and who secured a court conviction within a further 2 years. It does not include details of the relatively small number of persons committed to prison for the non-payment of a fine (details on persons who receive a fine sentence generally can be found in Chapter 5).

Younger persons are more likely to re-offend than older age groups, while re-offending rates decline with age.  Almost 80% of offenders aged under 21 years who were released in 2014, re-offended within 3 years of release compared to 29.5% of released prisoners aged over 50 years. See Table 3.1 and Figure 3.1.

Table 3.1 Prisoners released in 2014 classified by 3-year re-offending indicator and age at time of release

Re-offended within 3 years
< 21 years79.6
21 - 25 years67.7
26 - 30 years57.2
31 - 35 years49.4
36 - 40 years45.8
41 - 50 years42.9
Aged 50 and over29.5
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In 2014, estimates indicate that re-offending within 3 years of release was most prevalent amongst individuals who were committed to prison for offences related to “Damage to property and to the environment” (78.9%). This group includes offences such as criminal damage or arson. A high percentage of re-offending was also seen by prisoners who were committed for offences related to “Public order and other social code offences” (75.8%). This group of offences includes offences related to threatening or abusive behaviour or failing to comply with a direction from a member of An Garda Síochána. See Table 3.2 and Fig 3.2.

Table 3.2 Prisoners released from custody in 2014 classified by 3-year re-offending indicator and offence type

Re-offended within 3 years
12 Damage to property and to the environment78.9
13 Public order and other social code offences75.8
07 Burglary and related offences70.2
08 Theft and related offences67.9
05 Kidnapping and related offences66.7
06 Robbery, extortion and hijacking offences 66.2
03 Attempts/Threats to Murder, assaults, harassments and related offences55.7
11 Weapons and explosives offences48.1
14 Road and traffic offences47.8
04 Dangerous or negligent acts46.1
09 Fraud, deception and related offences43.1
15 Offences against Government, justice procedures and organisation of crime 40
16 Offences not elsewhere classified39.8
10 Controlled drug offences29.6
01 Homicide and related offences24.2
02 Sexual offences18.6
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In 2014, the highest number of releases were prisoners who were originally placed into custody for offences related to "Theft and related crimes" (682 releases). Of these released prisoners, 463 (67.9%) re-offended within 3 years and most (110) re-offended in the category “Offences against Government, justice procedures”. This category includes offences such as “Bail related offences” and “Obstruction of a peace officer”. See Tables 3.2 and 3.3.

Table 3.3 Prisoners released from custody in 2014 classified by 3-year re-offending indicator, offence relating to release and re-offending offence type

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While a greater proportion of females re-offend than males – 58.3% of females compared to 55% of males – males make up 93% of total offenders released in 2014. For prisoners released in 2014 who subsequently re-offended, 1,569 males re-offended compared to 127 females. See Table 3.4 and Figure 3.3.

Table 3.4 Prisoners released from custody 2011 - 2014 classified by 3-year re-offending indicator

Re-offended in 3 years

Go to next chapter: Details of 1-year Custodial Re-offending