This release has been compiled during the COVID-19 crisis. The results contained in this release reflect some of the economic impacts of the COVID-19 situation. For further information see our Information Note.
|Table 1.1 Seasonally Adjusted Gross Household Saving by Component (€million)|
|Total Disposable Income (B.6g + D.8)||Final Consumption Expenditure (P.3)||Gross Saving Ratio|
The household saving rate in the second quarter of 2022 was almost 20%. This was nearlytwice the long term average rate. This elevated proportion of income not consumed has been a feature of the economy since the COVID-19 pandemic began. With the end of restrictions, a sharp increase in spending might have been expected, but this was not the case for the April to June period of this year.
After accounting for seasonal factors, disposable income of households rose, mainly due to rising wages and salaries (D1). Overall household income is driven by pay to workers and the combination of higher average pay per hour and more people in work drove up wages and salaries. The wage bill increased across almost all sectors. Growth was highest in Distribution, Transport, Hotels & Restaurants, which was up €213m or 3.9% in the quarter. This sector had an increase in numbers employed, but also an increase in average earnings in the quarter. There was also significant growth in the pay to workers in Industry; and Professional, Admin & Support Services. The Employment Wage Subsidy Scheme (EWSS) made up €122m (0.4%) of the total compensation of employees in the quarter, down from a peak of €1,695m (7.3%) in the equivalent quarter of 2020.
Higher take-home pay meant higher taxes (D.5) and PRSI (D.61) paid by households (see Table S1M, below). The tapering of the Pandemic Unemployment Payment (PUP) is seen in the decline in social transfers to households (D.62). There was also higher investment income received (D.4, D.8) on assets such as pension fund holdings.
There was a rise in spending in the quarter: this increase was due to price inflation, as well as larger volumes of goods and services being consumed as COVID-19 restrictions were lifted.
In June, the Consumer Price Index showed a 3-month rise of 3.2%. The largest contributors to this increase in the cost of living were products that all households need: Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels; and Transport.
After allowing for these price increases and seasonal factors, household consumption rose 1.8% in April-June, as the Quarterly National Accounts show. The Retail Sales Index shows the biggest volume increases in: Cars; Food; and Pharmaceutical, Medical & Cosmetic Articles. On the other hand, the volume of Furniture & Lighting sales was down significantly in the period.
The saving of households was added to wealth which is held in various kinds of assets. Capital investment (P.5), mainly in new homes and improvements was €2.5bn in the quarter up from €1.8bn in the second quarter of 2021. A significant proportion of the saving was left in banks: deposits from households increased by €2.3 billion in the quarter. Central Bank of Ireland data also shows some saving went to paying off debts: lending to Irish households decreased by €0.4bn in the quarter (that is, repayments of principal exceeded new draw-downs).
|sector||Change (Seasonally Adjusted) since Q1-2022|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||0.115711260115063|
|Industry (excl. Construction)||127.184688813673|
|Distribution, Transport, Hotels and Restaurants||213.233495728928|
|Information and Communication||96.5609427832082|
|Financial and Insurance Activities||-10.3338759112116|
|Real Estate Activities||8.60951102391221|
|Professional, Admin and Support Services||125.212263328652|
|Public Admin, Education and Health||88.799945102719|
|Arts, Entertainment and Other Services||30.3737364368667|
The seasonally adjusted data series which includes Gross Disposable Income, Personal Consumption of Goods and Services and Gross Saving of the Household incl. NPISH sector is available on PxStat. Only the most significant transactions are shown in the table for each sector in this release. The entire unadjusted series for all variables published in this release are also available at the same link. See Background Notes for definitions of the terms used.
|Table S1M Households and NPISH (€million)|
|ESA Code||Description||2020Q2||2021Q2||2022Q2||2022Q2 versus 2020Q2||2022Q2 versus 2021Q2|
|B2A3G||Self-employment and rent||7,296||8,184||9,014||1,718||831|
|D4_rec||Investment income received||1,559||1,977||2,870||1,312||893|
|D4_paid||minus Interest paid after FISIM||-332||-408||-423||-91||-15|
|D5_paid||minus PAYE, income tax etc||-5,079||-6,707||-7,727||-2,648||-1,020|
|D61||minus PRSI, pension contributions etc||-4,978||-5,929||-7,253||-2,275||-1,324|
|D62||plus Social protection, pensions received||9,899||9,161||8,455||-1,443||-706|
|D7_net||plus net miscellaneous transfers||26||-18||-214||-241||-196|
|B6G||equals gross disposable income||31,616||33,471||35,271||3,655||1,800|
|D8||plus adjustment for pension fund value||404||463||1,015||611||552|
|P3||minus consumer spending||-20,118||-24,592||-27,420||-7,301||-2,828|
|B8G||equals gross saving||11,901||9,342||8,866||-3,035||-476|
|D9_net||plus net capital transfers||145||143||2,808||2,663||2,665|
|P5||minus capital spending||-826||-1,753||-2,537||-1,711||-785|
|B9||equals net lending (+) /borrowing (-)||11,220||7,732||9,136||-2,083||1,404|