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Goal 5 Gender Equality

Goal 5 Gender Equality

CSO statistical publication, , 11am

The CSO, through Ireland's Institute for SDGs (IIS), supports reporting on the Sustainable Development Goals.

Gender-based violence

Physical and sexual violence to women

SDG_05_10 measures the share of women from the age of 15 years who answered "yes" when they were asked whether they have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by a partner or non-partner in the 12 months prior to the interview. The results of the survey on violence against women are based on face-to-face interviews with 42,000 women in all 28 EU member states, with on average 1,500 interviews per member state. Women were asked to provide information about their personal experience of various forms of violence. Partners include persons with whom women are or have been married, living together without being married or involved in a relationship without living together. Non-partners include all perpetrators other than women’s current or previous partner. The indicator is based on a survey of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). See Table 5.1 and Figure 5.1.

Table 5.1 - SDG_05_10 Physical and sexual violence to women by age group, 2012

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland
From 15 to 17 years88
From 18 to 29 years1214
From 30 to 39 years96
From 40 to 49 years86
From 50 to 59 years58
60 years or over43


Gender pay gap in unadjusted form

SDG_05_ 20 measures the difference between average gross hourly earnings of male paid employees and of female paid employees as a percentage of average gross hourly earnings of male paid employees. The indicator has been defined as unadjusted because it gives an overall picture of gender inequalities in terms of pay and measures a concept which is broader than the concept of equal pay for equal work. All employees working in firms with ten or more employees, without restrictions for age and hours worked, are included. See Table 5.2 and Figure 5.2.

Table 5.2 - SDG_05_20 Gender pay gap in unadjusted form, 2014-2021

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland

Gender employment gap

SDG_05_30 measures the difference between the employment rates of men and women aged 20 to 64 years. The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 20 to 64 years in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator shows activity and employment status for four groups of persons: employed persons working full time, employed persons working part time, employed persons with temporary contract and underemployed persons working part time. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey. See Table 5.3 and Figure 5.3.

Table 5.3 - SDG_05_30 Gender employment gap, by type of employment, 2014-2022

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland

People outside the labour force due to caring responsibilities

SDG_05_40 The population outside the labour force comprises individuals that are not working, not actively seeking work or not available to work. Therefore, they are neither employed nor unemployed. This definition, used in the EU Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS), is based on the resolutions of the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS). While several reasons may exist why somebody is not seeking employment, only the main one is considered. Being outside the labour force due to caring responsibilities refers to the reasons ‘care responsibility’, covering care responsibilities over own children or spouse's children living inside or outside the household and over adult ill/elderly/incapacitated/disabled relatives and ‘other family reasons’. The indicator covers the population outside the labour force that would like to work. See Table 5.4 and Figure 5.4.

Table 5.4 - SDG_05_40 Persons outside the labour force due to caring responsibilities by sex, 2014-2022

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland

Leadership positions

Seats held by women in national parliaments

SDG_05_50 measures the proportion of women in national parliaments and national governments. The national parliament is the national legislative assembly and the indicator refers to both chambers (lower house and an upper house, where relevant). The count of members of a parliament includes the president/speaker/leader of the parliament. The national government is the executive body with authority to govern a country or a state. Members of government include both senior ministers (having a seat in the cabinet or council of ministers, including the prime minister) and junior ministers (not having a seat in the cabinet). In some countries state-secretaries (or the national equivalent) are considered as junior ministers within the government (with no seat in the cabinet) but in other countries they are not considered as members of the government. The data stem from the Gender Statistics Database of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE). See Table 5.5 and Figure 5.5.

Table 5.5 - SDG_05_50 Seats held by women in national parliaments and governments, 2014-2022

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland

Positions held by women in senior management

SDG_05_60 measures the share of female board members and executives in the largest publicly listed companies. Publicly listed means that the shares of the company are traded on the stock exchange. The ‘largest’ companies are taken to be the members (max. 50) of the primary blue-chip index, which is an index maintained by the stock exchange and covers the largest companies by market capitalisation and/or market trades. Only companies which are registered in the country concerned are counted. Board members cover all members of the highest decision-making body in each company (i.e. chairperson, non-executive directors, senior executives and employee representatives, where present). The highest decision-making body is usually termed the supervisory board (in case of a two-tier governance system) or the board of directors (in a unitary system). Executives refer to senior executives in the two highest decision-making bodies of the largest (max. 50) nationally registered companies listed on the national stock exchange. The two highest decision-making bodies are usually referred to as the supervisory board and the management board (in case of a two-tier governance system) and the board of directors and executive/management committee (in a unitary system). The data comes from the Gender Statistics Database of the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE). See Table 5.6 and Figure 5.6.

Table 5.6 - SDG_05_60 Positions held by women in senior management positions, 2014-2022

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland