Back to Top

 Skip navigation

Goal 2 Zero Hunger

Goal 2 Zero Hunger

CSO statistical publication, , 11am
 

The CSO, through Ireland's Institute for SDGs (IIS), supports reporting on the Sustainable Development Goals.

In this chapter:

Malnutrition

SDG_02_10 - Obesity rate

Sustainable agricultural production

SDG_02_20 - Agricultural factor income

SDG_02_30 - Government support

SDG_02_40 - Area under organic farming

Environmental impacts of agricultural production

SDG_02_60 - Ammonia emissions

Malnutrition

Obesity rate

SDG 02_10 measures the share of obese people based on their body mass index (BMI). BMI is defined as the weight in kilos divided by the square of the height in meters. People aged 18 years or over are considered obese with a BMI equal or greater than 30. Other categories are underweight (BMI less than 18.5), normal weight (BMI between 18.5 and less than 25), and pre-obese (BMI between 25 and less than 30). The category overweight (BMI equal or greater than 25) combines the two categories pre-obese and obese. See Table 2.1 and Figure 2.1.

Table 2.1 - SDG_02_10 Obesity rate by body mass index, 2014-2019

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland
201415.418.7
201714.915.2
201916.5

Sustainable agricultural production

Agricultural factor income per annual work unit

SDG_02_20 is a partial labour productivity measure in agriculture. Agricultural factor income measures the income generated by farming, which is used to remunerate borrowed or rented factors of production (capital, wages and land rents) as well as own production factors (own labour, capital and land). Factor income corresponds to the deflated (real) net value added at factor cost of agriculture. The implicit price index of GDP is used as deflator. Annual work units (AWUs) are defined as full-time equivalent employment (corresponding to the number of full-time equivalent jobs), i.e. as total hours worked divided by the average annual number of hours worked in full-time jobs within the economic territory. See Table 2.2 and Figure 2.2.

Table 2.2 - SDG_02_20 Agricultural factor income per annual work unit (AWU), 2014-2022

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland
2014116.24122.51
2015113.71118.4
2016112.79122.13
2017129.43155.01
2018126.31131.41
2019130.85133.46
2020139.12150.9
2021145.6173.85
2022163.67191.91

Government support to agricultural R&D

SDG_02_30 refers to government budget allocations for research and development (GBARD) for agriculture. GBARD data measure government support to research and development (R&D) activities, or, in other words, how much priority governments place on the public funding of R&D. GBARD data are compiled using the guidelines laid out in the OECD’s Frascati Manual from 2015. GBARD data are broken down by socio-economic objectives in accordance to the nomenclature for the analysis and comparison of scientific programmes and budgets (NABS 2007). See Table 2.3 and Figure 2.3.

Table 2.3 - SDG_02_30 Government support to agricultural research and development, 2014-2022

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland
20145.719.4
20155.919.5
2016620.2
20176.220.6
20186.422.7
20196.619.7
20207.218.7
20217.519.2
20227.819.5

Area under organic farming

SDG_02_40 measures the share of total utilised agricultural area (UAA) occupied by organic farming (existing organically-farmed areas and areas in process of conversion). Farming is recognised to be organic if it complies with Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007, which has set up a comprehensive framework for the organic production of crops and livestock and for the labelling, processing and marketing of organic products, as well as for governing imports of organic products into the EU. The detailed rules for the implementation of this Regulation are laid down in Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2008. See Table 2.4 and Figure 2 .4.

Table 2.4 - SDG_02_40 Area under organic farming, 2014-2021

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland
20146.081.16
20156.561.65
20167.091.72
20177.471.66
20187.991.65
20198.471.63
20209.091.66
2021:2

Environmental impacts of agricultural production

Ammonia emissions from agriculture

SDG_02_60 measures the amount of ammonia (NH3) emissions as a result of the agricultural production. This comprises manure management, inorganic N-fertilizers and animal manure applied to soil as well as urine and dung deposited by grazing animals. This definition is in line with the CAP indicator C46. The EU inventory on air pollution compiled by the European Environment Agency (EEA) under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention) is fully consistent with national air pollution inventories compiled by the EU member states. Ammonia emissions per hectare are calculated using the total utilised agricultural area (UAA) of the relevant year as denominator. Data on the UAA stem from Eurostat’s annual crop statistics. See Table 2.5 and Figure 2.5.

Table 2.5 - SDG_02_60 Ammonia emissions from agriculture, 2014-2021

X-axis labelEuropean UnionIreland
201419.925.3
20152026.7
201620.127.8
201720.228.6
201819.929.9
201919.327.6
202019.227.2
202118.828.5