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Environmental Economy

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Show Table: 2.1 Ireland: Environment taxes 2000-2019

Environment taxes in Ireland amounted to €5.0 billion in 2019, up from €3.0 billion in 2000, but down from a peak of €5.2 billion in 2017.

Environment taxes as a percentage of total taxes at 6.5% in 2019 were the lowest over the 2000-2019 period.

Energy taxes accounted for 60% of total environment taxes in 2019, while transport taxes accounted for 39% of the total. Pollution and Resource taxes contributed less than 1% of total environment taxes in 2019.

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Pollution/ResourceTransportEnergy
Latvia0.351.289.25
Bulgaria0.191.048.59
Greece0.032.027.44
Slovenia0.321.167.87
Croatia0.052.097.17
Netherlands1.12.694.83
Estonia0.840.167.31
Cyprus0.021.766.47
Malta0.753.334.12
Denmark0.393.364.38
Romania0.020.537.41
Italy0.081.476.28
Poland0.320.666.74
Portugal0.052.025.34
Slovakia0.090.766.44
United Kingdom0.171.65.18
Finland0.072.244.61
Ireland0.042.594.28
Lithuania0.380.285.93
Hungary0.660.884.72
EU280.191.24.72
Belgium0.281.464.28
Czech Republic0.030.355.62
Austria0.062.023.35
Spain0.230.684.37
France0.270.584.27
Sweden0.1213.64
Germany 00.763.69
Luxembourg0.040.294.03

Environment taxes accounted for 6.9% of Ireland’s total tax revenues in 2018. This was the 18th highest percentage in the EU and above the EU average of 6.1%. Latvia had the highest environment tax share of total tax revenue in 2018 at 10.9%, while Luxembourg had the lowest share at 4.4%.

The Netherlands had the highest share of Pollution and Resource taxes in 2019 at 1.1% of total taxes, while Germany had the lowest at 0%. Ireland had the joint sixth lowest share of Pollution and Resources taxes at 0.04% of total taxes in 2019.

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Show Table: 2.2 Ireland: Environment Subsidies 2000-2018

Environmental subsidies in Ireland reached €1.1 billion in 2018.

Transfers associated with the production of energy from renewable resources increased from 0% of all environmental transfers in 2000 to 35% in 2018. Transfers associated with wastewater management declined from 59% in 2000 to 21% in 2018, while those associated with the protection of biodiversity fell from 38% to 22% over this period.

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YearTotal environment taxesTotal environment subsidies
20002.9740.5437524
20012.780.5869361
20023.08273973360.5790127
20033.30007041460.5518546
20043.8350.5339502
20054.21974569180.597072
20064.4850.6978924
20074.8230.8506955
20084.3151.2062713
20093.8471.071698
20104.1041.183593
20114.2040.780591
20124.1730.58666
20134.4450.523147
20144.6840.554865
20154.9770.637389
20165.1170.701121
20175.2320.919447
20185.1191.103704

Revenue raised by environment taxes exceeded expenditure on environment subsidies in Ireland over the 2000-2018 period. In 2018 environment subsidies were 22% of environment taxes.

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Show Table: 2.3 Ireland: Consumer price index for energy products 2000-2019

YearElectricityPetrolSolid fuelsDieselGas
200065.587.56882.948.8
200165.78173.572.949.9
200271.583.976.575.950.1
200379.284.578.778.553
200484.892.881.586.855.6
200596100.787.799.464.7
2006100107.594.4104.781.8
2007111.6108.9102.6105.190.6
2008114.3116.9112121.791.2
2009115.8107.7120.599.393.7
2010111.7126.7117.5119.483.6
2011119.1144.2118.2138.789.1
2012132.6157.7118.6151.4102.7
2013140153.1123146.1109.5
2014145147.8131140.5111.8
2015144.8132.8134.8122.3109.2
2016139.7124.3134.3111.1105.9
2017138.3132.2133.9120.7104.2
2018148139.7134.8129.7109.3
2019152.7138.6137.3130116.6

The consumer price index for electricity in Ireland increased from 100 in December 2006 to 152.7 in 2019, higher than for any other energy product. In contrast, gas prices increased by 16.6% over the same period. The consumer price index for solid fuels increased by 37.3% between December 2006 and 2019.

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Show Table: 2.4 Ireland: Domestic material consumption 1995-2017

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Non-Metallic MineralsBiomassFossil FuelsMetallic Minerals
199528.97243435.978650076459718.36721411253544.67870594117647
199636.02352136.437389017652116.72512823629544.52572935294118
199740.02668136.079583038333515.19114314985224.81315717647059
199848.01586136.895608176725915.3746004346895.80164564705882
199956.24838737.645901230485416.30069354002665.72136888235294
200066.74974938.069827450240716.08881896279465.93790417647059
200167.96561137.851558793794315.71368636194426.12713488235294
200270.38272936.717079883201113.55081164289126.42770358823529
200383.71552537.229756474556117.25705994709527.652278
200495.33168538.15883573187118.6077042418527.73216111764706
200598.68968737.210035249499117.66152931209287.94844282352941
2006113.32819635.89130071251416.16573566343678.33076641176471
2007117.2797634.925448855000217.97930677281148.71856535294118
200894.59559136.943635238531418.12014610024687.314389
200959.61187936.788333593826716.757607868726.08515588235294
201040.38939836.684022878566318.85142067718486.98584158823529
201128.26781536.489392634712116.96402317658966.08523667647059
201232.00648836.508109889272513.26116782134166.44805605882353
201330.79053437.85703671968220.12955013846966.23587005882353
201430.74079837.701343297873516.98610175188486.35234129411765
201534.21985637.637413070076416.58703472804926.77300488235294
201642.50812336.815462627572416.95662425374726.18349476470588
201746.5983238.015177539804618.09670008080516.02527341176471

Domestic extraction of resources in Ireland increased from 74.7 million tonnes in 1995 to 152.2 million tonnes in 2007, before falling to 69.1 million tonnes in 2011. In 2017 the figure had increased to 88.0 million tonnes.

Domestic material consumption (DMC) increased from 88.4 million tonnes in 1995 to 175.8 million tonnes in 2007, before falling to 88.3 million tonnes in 2011. In 2017 DMC had increased to 109.9 million tonnes.

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Show Table: 2.5 Ireland: Fish landings by Irish vessels in Irish ports 2007-2019

Fish landings by Irish vessels in Irish ports varied between 149,200 tonnes (in 2008) and 249,200 tonnes (in 2012). In 2019 this figure was 173,900 tonnes.

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Show Table: 2.6 Ireland: Domestic building energy ratings 2009-2020

Dwellings built in 2015-2020 were considerably more energy efficient than in earlier periods with 97% given an “A” building energy rating compared with 1% in 2005-2009.

In contrast the proportion of dwellings with an “F” or “G” building energy rating fell from 32% in dwellings constructed between 1700-1977 to 0% in 2015-2020.

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Show Table: 2.7 Ireland: Domestic metered water consumption 2014-2017

The average domestic metered public water consumption per meter per day in 2017 was 359 litres. This was a 2.3% increase compared with the 2016 average of 351 litres.

In contrast to average consumption, the median consumption per meter per day in 2017 at 256 litres was 2.8% higher than the 2016 figure of 249 litres.

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Show Table: 2.8 Ireland: Networked gas consumption by sector 2011-2019

Total networked gas consumption in Ireland fell from 53,339 gigawatt hours in 2011 to 47,167 in 2014 before rising to 57,744 gigawatt hours in 2019.

Power plants accounted for 58% of total networked gas consumption in 2019 compared with 30% by the non-residential sector and 13% by the residential sector.

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Show Table: 2.9 Ireland: Fuel excise clearances 2000-2019

The volume of excise clearances for autodiesel was 3.7 billion litres in 2019 up 85% from 2.0 billion litres in 2000.

In contrast, marked gas oil clearances fell by 32% from 1.6 billion litres in 2000 to 1.1 billion litres in 2019.

The volume of excise clearances for unleaded petrol declined by 47% over the 2000-2019 period.  

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