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Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change

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Total national emissions
1990-1994 56.3622
1995-199962.9112
2000-200468.8662
2005-200967.0712
0
201061.233
201157.106
201257.736
201357.615
201457.316
201559.426
201661.546
  • In 2016, Ireland’s greenhouse gas emissions were 61.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. This was a reduction compared with the peak average annual emissions of 68.9 million tonnes in 2000-2004, but 3.6% higher than in 2015.
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Show Table: 2.1 EU: Greenhouse gas emissions 2015

  • In 2015 Ireland ranked 19th out of 28 EU Member States and in terms of total greenhouse gas emissions relative to the base year of 2005. Latvia had the highest level of greenhouse gas emissions relative to 2005 at 100.2, while Greece had the lowest at 70.7.
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Tonnes of CO2 equivalent per capita
Sweden5.7
Croatia5.8
Malta5.8
Romania5.9
Latvia5.9
Hungary6.3
Lithuania7
Portugal7
France7.1
Italy7.3
Spain7.5
Slovakia7.6
Slovenia8.2
United Kingdom8.3
Bulgaria8.7
EU 8.8
Denmark9
Greece9.1
Austria9.4
Poland10.2
Finland10.5
Cyprus10.7
Belgium10.8
Germany11.4
Netherlands12.2
Czech Republic12.3
Ireland13.2
Estonia13.8
Luxembourg20.4
  • Ireland had the third highest emissions of greenhouse gases per capita in the EU in 2015 at 13.2 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per capita. Ireland’s emissions were 50% higher than the EU average of 8.8 tonnes. Estonia and Luxembourg had the highest levels of CO2 emissions per capita in 2015 at 13.8 and 20.4 tonnes respectively.
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Show Table: 2.2 Ireland: Greenhouse gas emissions by gas 1990-2016

  • The share of carbon dioxide (CO2) in total greenhouse gas emissions in Ireland increased from an average of 60% in 1990-1994 to 69% in 2005-2009, before falling to 65% in 2016.
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Show Table: 2.3 Ireland: Greenhouse gas emissions by sector 1990-2016

EnergyResidentialIndustry, Commercial and Public ServicesAgricultureTransportWaste and F-Gases
1990-199421.740875967187612.409394538026516.468225642394636.36778554368829.900144100112740.519799513962836
1995-199923.522179579875810.296080280997215.747531738059412.754010679329534.36600893997953.31418878175865
2000-200423.8824322979269.7750693108633516.161575401998416.775723820777829.58055471656543.82464445186901
2005-200921.983865217902110.838208921780515.473790859920420.105608400157428.58226509965113.01626150058849
000000
201021.945528227586912.739876460323413.488001614939330.531045798785318.82858327731342.46696462105168
201121.068967463889711.5744762485713.283981810059131.611672446824819.64796619721712.8129358334392
201222.281224563630710.794576967920213.601811231765431.936528349671618.76895765034642.61690123666581
201319.877530236739111.100203816104513.280230437248733.421948933266619.20666471951973.11342185712128
201419.598652201783510.024395700864313.811019873172133.216788163785319.79720506455223.55193899584274
201519.931576729378810.166186188304513.987119196268232.517375005912919.87858442566013.51915845447548
201620.40219496017269.824473700142713.928300754413532.254519247120619.97528759290323.61522374524738
  • Agriculture was the sector with the largest greenhouse gas emissions in Ireland in 2016 with 32% of the total.
  • The transport share of greenhouse gas emission increased from an annual average of 10% in 1990-1994 to 20% in 2016, while the share of the energy sector remained stable over the 1990-2016 period at around 20%.
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yearAnnual mean temperatureTemperature estimates
19009.3269.11386310041516
19019.1289.13408974947947
19029.1729.15431639854378
19039.1169.1745430476081
19049.0789.19476969667241
19059.2989.21499634573673
19069.2989.23522299480104
190799.25544964386535
19089.6729.27567629292966
19098.8989.29590294199398
19109.1489.31610071184166
19119.619.33629848168934
19129.1629.35533601208821
19139.399.37437354248708
19149.5949.39341107288595
19158.959.40936898947583
19169.2849.4253269060657
19178.7549.43811912689583
19189.5049.45091134772595
19198.7269.46053787279631
19209.5049.47016439786668
192110.4669.47712182186389
19228.9789.48407924586111
19239.29.48964996427055
19249.3869.49522068267999
19259.1169.50057847527592
19269.829.50593626787185
19279.3689.51129406046778
19289.5669.51665185306371
19299.449.52200964565964
19309.1889.52736743825557
19319.5229.5327252308515
19329.719.53808302344743
193310.0449.54344081604336
193410.0049.54879860863929
19359.6029.55415640123522
19369.5969.55951419383115
19379.4689.56487198642708
19389.9929.57022977902301
19399.7589.57558757161894
19409.7069.58094536421487
19419.3449.5863031568108
19429.5869.59166094940673
194310.1469.59701874200266
19449.9249.60237653459859
194510.659.60773432719452
19469.6269.61309211979045
19479.569.61844991238638
194810.1029.6238077049823
194910.6269.62916549757824
19509.5229.63452329017416
19519.2789.63988108277009
19529.429.64523887536602
195310.1229.65059666796195
19549.479.65595446055788
19559.6549.66131225315381
19569.4429.66667004574974
195710.079.67202783834567
19589.7249.6773856309416
195910.4369.68259507397261
19609.6629.68780451700361
19619.8529.69204781521997
19629.0589.69629111343633
19638.849.69867479690512
19649.7569.7010584803739
19659.149.70123656189661
19669.6349.70141464341933
19679.5169.69938712299598
19689.529.69735960257262
19699.2769.6934724674017
19709.5729.68958533223077
197110.0669.68468260239022
19729.1169.67977987254967
19739.7749.67487714270912
19749.3989.66987551315862
197510.0249.66487388360812
19769.8149.65987225405762
19779.4389.65487062450712
19789.5769.65019011146504
19798.8029.64550959842296
19809.4569.64082908538087
19819.529.63944609681524
19829.7449.63806310824961
198310.0149.64271808476034
19849.6429.64737306127107
19859.1549.6609989091108
19868.7569.67462475695053
19879.3949.68825060479026
19889.8029.71050515499602
198910.2189.73275970520178
199010.279.75977680943677
19919.7769.78679391367176
19929.7689.81536286160205
19939.589.84393180953235
19949.8589.87256608721101
199510.4649.90120036488966
19969.5529.92983464256831
199710.6469.95846892024696
199810.439.98710319792562
199910.4110.0157374756043
200010.0210.0443717532829
20019.95210.0730060309616
200210.42410.1016403086402
200310.49210.1302745863189
200410.4510.1589088639975
200510.58210.1875431416762
200610.67610.2161774193548
200710.82610.2448116970335
200810.14610.2734459747121
200910.20210.3020802523908
20109.1810.3307145300694
201110.42810.3593488077481
201210.08210.3879830854268
201310.07410.4166173631054
201410.56210.4452516407841
20159.94610.4738859184627
201610.35210.5025201961414
  • Average annual mean surface air temperatures in Ireland increased gradually from 9.3o Celsius in 1900 to 10.4o Celsius in 2016. The warmest year was 2007 with an annual mean surface temperature of 10.8o Celsius and the coldest year was 1919 with an annual mean surface air temperature of 8.7o Celsius.
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yearAnnual rainfallRainfall estimates
19001204.91041.755
190110261044.02034
19029931046.28568
19031335.21048.55102
19041044.21050.81636
1905931.91053.0817
1906968.21055.34704
19071047.41057.61238
19081031.31059.87772
1909959.51062.14306
19101128.21064.4084
19111019.31066.67374
19121123.91068.93908
19131117.61071.20442
19141123.31073.46976
19151070.71075.7351
19161193.51078.00044
19171020.51080.26578
19181141.81082.53112
1919917.41084.79646
19201174.81087.0618
19218971089.3217
19229611091.5816
19231164.11093.71228
19241293.81095.84297
19251025.11097.57709
19261036.61099.31121
19271144.61100.32684
19281337.11101.34248
192911351102.35811
19301237.91102.62677
193111721102.89543
19321014.11102.66133
1933821.11102.42723
193411041101.93192
19351024.71101.43661
193611091100.9012
19371097.81100.36578
19381203.41099.83036
19391037.11099.29495
19401119.61098.75953
1941963.41098.22412
19421039.91097.6887
19431059.41097.15329
19441062.71096.61787
19451026.21096.08246
19461214.11095.54704
19471247.41095.01163
19481221.71094.47621
1949972.91093.94079
19501170.41093.40538
19511171.11092.86996
1952929.21092.33455
1953896.91091.79913
19541241.51091.26372
19559791090.7283
19561066.11090.19289
19571108.81089.65747
19581280.91089.12206
19591015.21088.58664
19601328.11088.05123
19611068.11087.51581
19621016.81086.98039
19631049.31086.44498
19641054.31085.90956
19651178.51085.40483
19661239.21084.90009
196711011084.59516
196811041084.29024
19699401084.36989
19701053.11084.44955
1971844.21085.1006
19721057.31085.75165
1973978.81086.4027
197411371087.60335
1975871.61088.804
19761010.71090.308
19771163.91091.81199
19781099.81093.41622
19791156.61095.02045
19801194.41096.62468
19811148.61098.23168
19821250.81099.83868
198310691101.44569
19841061.81103.05269
19851147.61104.65969
19861225.21106.26669
19871017.21107.8737
19881174.21109.4807
19891011.21111.0877
19901100.91112.69471
19911015.71114.30171
19921060.31115.90871
19931166.31117.51571
19941236.61119.12272
19951103.81120.72972
19961127.91122.49566
19971126.41124.26161
19981257.51127.06268
19991153.31129.86375
20001195.71135.24509
2001924.71140.62644
20021393.31146.00778
2003934.81154.35969
20041053.31162.71161
20051049.81173.31253
20061183.51183.91345
20071066.61196.25867
20081249.51208.60389
20091375.61220.94911
2010988.51233.64453
20111274.21246.33996
20121312.41259.03909
20131195.11271.73822
20141394.11284.44021
20151503.61297.14219
20161175.11309.84418
  • The wettest year in the period 1900-2016 was 2015, when 1,504 millimetres (mm) of rain were recorded. The driest year in this period was 1933 when 821 mm of rain fell. In 2016, 1,175 mm of rain fell.

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