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Residential and CommercialAgriculture, Forestry and FishingTransportIndustryPower stationsOther
1990-199421.08645090040212.751845726246792.948315402499941.325591278697270.8245641029395283.03580073230197
1995-199913.93677688232332.720377069611622.932565225321121.219495350357391.158684038185923.188914528306
2000-20049.92790671804732.472280796300962.704126140088291.727173492505231.16594321988714.34155194891104
2005-20099.49178397944632.188497335360542.619334916630831.978056996349280.7809899939423474.60950455717722
000000
20109.32672745511021.95935153502092.092208016398971.553804355713360.4572728010355733.6007640968322
20118.664213790861691.909693127784051.943226451268641.284567898841280.3820852094864812.61814985019153
20128.475545157875891.925297374078841.824988899834951.208182601321970.4351017885728072.65225271818412
20139.058257037845381.909590107738471.793995390123941.192678102066550.3755325480755822.44158105483379
20147.745771176697461.901538327364351.705462590562221.440086033955650.384964794446522.39117776174828
20157.528618997478641.90185844064921.550466663203471.462915529046350.4385199278277732.66787373649387
20167.031880269009061.946715430092471.574175066172611.482793092647880.4397186295623642.46557016306826
  • Emissions of particulate matter (PM2.5) have decreased by 53% from an average of 32,000 tonnes in 1990-1994 to 14,900 in 2016.
  • The Residential and Commercial sector accounted for 47% of emissions of PM2.5 in 2016, with Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing accounting for 13%.
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2000=100
Malta24.1902834008097
Cyprus33.4552710342534
Netherlands45.8906071019473
France51.8031734846674
Finland55.828127380771
Estonia59.7128874388254
Czech Republic61.0430827008014
Croatia61.1726981218507
Germany 62.1000917643093
Belgium65.3381642512077
Ireland67.5047323205358
Spain68.2657777436634
Luxembourg68.782699686083
Austria70.3398078794803
Sweden72.0559031810858
Portugal73.4044929478588
EU74.0555344202219
United Kingdom78.3960732377083
Latvia82.6052459628489
Poland83.1628633614186
Italy84.4333018075377
Denmark86.5555362116992
Slovenia96.7421039542402
Lithuania97.5695013381397
Slovakia101.283001077586
Hungary110.932595407236
Bulgaria123.645024245805
Romania127.750634915212
  • Ireland ranked 11th lowest in 2015 among EU Member States for emissions of PM2.5 compared with 2000. Irish PM2.5 emissions in 2015 were 68% of the 2000 level, compared with a figure of 74% for the EU as a whole.
  • Malta had the lowest level of PM2.5 emissions in 2015 compared with 2000 at 24%, while Romania had the highest at 128%.
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Power stationsResidential and CommercialIndustryTransportAgriculture, Forestry and FishingOtherNEC 2010 target
1990-199497.468633.278295262218634.64558502818146.752645461598041.526558258550250.60603911918402842
1995-199995.439421.168197234074437.22277672759876.51181313796691.11332142836220.70108355293734642
2000-200461.27976415.456583174696924.52269899538442.195277471955110.8732164179560610.81808426384901642
2005-200930.202678883211.84526879651068.483588372325680.6961075740514130.6418933227112951.0973552199728142
00000042
20109.455649.514037044300385.864766575032710.2767455771162120.3683751685112540.86241877508930442
20119.381086423860148.722878104005575.244241599595060.2461998071153350.08850006812937861.1523013559190242
20129.581157349628.267736557353224.485415644277240.2730422041784480.09405457589983010.66402705332619142
20138.6856680088.847815564437984.867095980213930.2594668034744490.08300140153845460.76276154738009142
20145.958823626577.260435660811383.340578336708680.2365244517332990.04917323838502170.045070906280210142
20155.21856030136.948861448465162.442882882465710.2400462455021420.03967295656809880.11410263640506342
20163.717590986.899005080535052.59097621214290.2558274149511880.03635696283845240.26598452797720742
  • Ireland’s emissions of sulphur dioxide equivalent have fallen from an annual average of 174,300 tonnes in 1990-1994 to 13,800 tonnes in 2016.
  • Emissions from Power stations have declined from an average of 97,500 tonnes in 1990-1994 to 3,700 in 2016.The fall in emissions from Power stations is mainly due to a shift from oil and coal to gas and the installation of technologies which reduce sulphur emissions.
  • Ireland has been below the National Emissions Ceiling (NEC 2010) for sulphur dioxide since 2009.
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Show Table: 1.1 EU: Sulphur oxides emissions 2015

  • All 28 EU Member States were below their 2010 National Emissions Ceiling level of emissions for sulphur oxides (SOx) in 2015. Ireland ranked 22nd among EU Member States in terms of 2015 emissions relative to the 2010 NEC.
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Power stationsIndustryTransportResidential and CommercialAgriculture, Forestry and FishingOtherNEC 2010 target
1990-199447.53428.1214945645494565.32622248052419.746376304766643.2430450840831.8072171672457265
1995-199940.32007956763368.623895058876559.86184044248268.6762337832780148.46128313202461.0470331870104665
2000-200436.926365630505512.082809225298553.33765828584848.7295217247775946.16229620612371.2658202385525565
2005-200924.986247428307315.67881275911254.25051643173999.1976227579581941.16484417486511.1549074974959565
00000065
201011.51623568096949.9348471986921442.88585097145779.4616034158229238.38905011293081.1335839514937265
20117.995432615477848.455002197861140.95779596524968.2889708871702934.79419088505610.8591945932073965
201210.3026593181810.406706231994340.00630466773088.0447792915973135.07511288089120.88628851477022165
20138.5694880543483110.529500477085840.59305030007948.0260170698013836.89133371145360.82474043541158965
20147.5753180166061710.71099505764642.40985833830227.2097901828848935.45136477105350.78493786852242965
20159.5302165201055810.853009138611340.87906200448767.442215125710335.04289760161360.64535730011160665
20168.0002791492356611.311819486550343.97707320780527.5402146395959735.82051714710270.64987892620041365
  • Ireland’s nitrogen oxides emissions have fallen from an average of 175,800 tonnes in 1990-1994 to 107,300 tonnes in 2016. This is 65% above the National Emissions Ceiling for 2010 of 65,000 tonnes and above the 2015 figure of 104,400 tonnes.
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Show Table: 1.2 EU: Nitrogen oxides emissions 2015

  • In 2015, 21 EU Member States were below their 2010 National Emissions Ceiling for nitrogen oxides. Ireland was ranked 26th in terms of emissions relative to the 2010 NEC and was one of seven EU Member States which exceeded the 2010 ceiling in 2015.
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Dairy cattleOther cattleOther livestockDirect soilsN-excreted on pastureOtherNEC 2010 target
1990-199412.24079660916428.360263432195510.082774576617446.826421597247814.21519096165840.393397453291635116
1995-199911.874358232224731.549745747676811.127544564142648.287007848424714.9627463096131.05170538129974116
2000-200411.389984088868330.181510988048110.848521423887245.617904166955714.27222369438261.95360924745451116
2005-200910.533460276985130.662685119925210.043426391616643.372217918512913.67765129203662.43332188336518116
000000116
201010.5046852213128.73574813155989.7950328406283744.152154964119913.17341735943971.86854540999019116
201110.895186861538928.14902472929199.9125562377389540.748128860985812.99331036098441.68422896833037116
201210.967465593763930.042651515563910.199508630404240.143673831061613.4267262252961.51367013763374116
201311.20114967714330.48625329289019.8829415983562641.209645926213213.63412706412371.41584897478509116
201411.683251441029529.913411633675310.111918011275341.566700690433313.68803456492751.34827381504843116
201512.708217498711530.076578060985710.157534135367743.172915235326713.77082927332091.23516783251662116
201613.434113332328831.281201868160310.378924875541146.239420833111114.19447936791071.17207054832013116
  • Ireland’s ammonia emissions have gradually increased since 2011. In 2016 they were 0.6% above the 2010 National Emissions Ceiling of 116,000 tonnes.
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Show Table: 1.3 EU: Ammonia emissions 2015

  • Only six EU Member States were above their 2010 National Emissions Ceiling for ammonia in 2015. Ireland ranked 17th in 2015 among EU countries in terms of emissions relative to its 2010 NEC threshold.
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TransportResidential and CommercialIndustryOtherFugitive and SolventsAgriculture, Forestry and FishingPower stationsNEC 2010 target
1990-199434.717224772716325.03694311058111.4559145709734811.028864422339627.042250511825542.95264126086780.21736554887258355
1995-199929.125590104099316.59707584687731.3929099097540911.106469638873228.97859628786246.41684202024940.3052052426808555
2000-200418.407953554723911.91760704175452.0418037316904813.078641286234928.926488088791644.67687391890660.37785226133354655
2005-200912.673304269926511.43602482477272.7450192745718615.084255821781130.776298025335943.89136538397070.36977143898725355
000000055
20108.9864072936376411.37383557135092.4623947867158518.376898049093925.406583629587742.25865549978510.37232029318827955
20118.1579543953522310.51303079692822.2523477016617618.532611549795924.771005224683441.97073869415830.31032785029789155
20127.314936801328710.29858316148332.2271174471963720.730080598796223.762195476469543.26655715942640.29630352313186355
20136.7558875214501811.01478555713952.2783786973501722.90664934023723.114770739606944.00087938370890.26826486074788455
20146.238650277131989.460609156683412.7554538754113319.555058302037723.875812390456143.96924773891610.2586704082793155
20155.636565732221299.227385506735152.8845425476714320.629825885849123.296639265425444.47022428178850.25727509741587255
20165.264438595206518.629922801487022.9216981142854821.819732336371323.125038869598246.18802093089050.30395880298753355
  • Ireland’s emissions of Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds fell by 24% from an annual average of 142,500 tonnes in 1990-1994 to 108,300 tonnes in 2016. The 2016 figure was 97% above the 2010 National Emissions Ceiling of 55,000 tonnes.
  • Emissions from Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing remained relatively stable from 1990-2016 and accounted for 43% of total NMVOC emission in 2016.
  • Emissions from Transport and the Residential and Commercial sectors declined by 85% and 66% respectively over the 1990-2016 period.
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Show Table: 1.4 EU: NMVOC emissions 2015

  • Only five EU Member States exceed their 2010 National Emissions Ceiling in 2015 for Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds. Ireland recorded the highest emissions among EU Member States in 2015 for NMVOC’s relative to its 2010 National Emissions Ceiling.
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Days exceeding thresholdOzone threshold
19981025
1999725
2000425
2001725
2002025
20031825
2004525
2005325
20061125
20071025
20081225
2009325
2010425
2011325
2012425
2013725
2014025
2015625
2016225
  • Under EU Directive 2008/50/EC, every EU Member State is permitted a maximum of 25 days per year per monitoring station in which an ozone threshold of 120 µg.m3 (micrograms per cubic metre) may be exceeded. Ireland did not exceed this number of days in any year during the 1998-2016 period. The year with the highest number of total exceedances at all stations was 2003, when 18 days were recorded as being above the threshold value. In 2016 the threshold value was exceeded twice.

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