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For more information on this release:
E-mail: tourism@cso.ie Mairead Griffin (+353) 21 453 5586 Margaret Power (+353) 21 453 5463
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-633X
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Tourism and Travel

Quarter 2 2018

  Overseas trips to Ireland Trips by Irish residents overseas
‘000 ‘000
Reason for journeyApr - Jun 2017Apr - Jun 2018 Apr - Jun 2017Apr - Jun 2018
Business413360 240212
Visits to Friends/Relatives632730 489465
Holiday/Leisure/Recreation1,4191,545 1,3451,522
Other305317 4648
Total2,7692,952 2,1192,248

Overseas trips to Ireland increased by 6.6% for the period April to June 2018

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Overseas trips to Ireland:

  • The number of overseas trips to Ireland by non-residents increased from 2.769 million in Quarter 2 2017 to 2.952 million trips in Quarter 2 2018 (+6.6%). See table 1.
  • The number of nights spent in Ireland by overseas travellers increased by 2.0% in Quarter 2 2018 compared with the same period of the previous year, up from 18.3 million to 18.7 million. See table 4.
  • The average duration of overseas trips to Ireland fell from 6.6 nights in Quarter 2 2017 to 6.3 nights in Quarter 2 2018. See table 6.
  • Total tourism and travel earnings from overseas travellers to Ireland increased by 5.0% between Quarter 2 2017 and Quarter 2 2018, increasing from €1,876 million to €1,970 million. When fares are excluded, total expenditure increased from €1,408 million to €1,475 million, an increase of 4.8% over the period. See table 7.

Trips by Irish residents overseas:

  • In Quarter 2 2018, the number of trips made by Irish residents overseas increased by 6.1%, from 2.119 million trips in Quarter 2 2017 to 2.248 million. See table 8.
  • The average duration of overseas trips made by Irish residents decreased from 6.8 nights in Quarter 2 2017 to 6.7 nights in Quarter 2 2018. See table 9.
  • Total tourism and travel expenditure by Irish residents overseas increased by 12.3%, up from €1,281 million in Quarter 2 2017 to €1,438 million in Quarter 2 2018. When all fares are included, total expenditure on overseas trips increased by 10.0%, from €1,664 million to €1,831 million. See table 10.
Table 1 Number of overseas trips to Ireland by non-residents classified by mode of travel, type of trip, route of travel, area of residence and reason for journey, 2015 - Quarter 2 2018
       '000
 201520162017 2017 2018
Trips
    Jan-MarApr-JunJul-SepOct-DecJan-MarApr-Jun
Total overseas trips to the Republic of Ireland8,6439,5849,932 1,7962,7693,0962,271 1,9212,952
Trips by mode of travel            
    Air7,7828,7409,095 1,7022,5152,7492,129 1,8052,710
    Sea861844837 94255347142 116242
Trips by type           
    Same-day trips 8941,1571,206 224317371294 249333
    Overnight trips 7,7498,4288,726 1,5722,4522,7251,977 1,6722,619
Trips by route of travel           
    Cross channel4,3794,7574,404 9321,1741,2391,058 9141,187
    Continental3,0763,4163,716 6231,0581,178857 7091,215
    Transatlantic & Other Routes1,1881,4111,812 241537678355 298550
Trips by area of residence           
    Great Britain3,5473,9243,729 7969491,065918 798988
    France505531549 107169164109 97178
    Germany629652681 99210225148 130245
    Italy321344363 609713076 71108
    Other Europe1,5881,7741,888 329546568445 380573
    USA & Canada1,5141,8082,101 293629733447 332689
    Australia & New Zealand207204208 35547643 3558
    All other areas331346411 7611513585 78112
Trips by reason for journey           
    Business1,4411,5391,478 351413360354 351360
    Visit to Friends/Relatives2,2972,5532,566 548632719667 529730
    Holiday/Leisure/Recreation4,0014,3884,710 6911,4191,632968 7961,545
    Other 9041,1051,178 206305384282 244317
Table 2 Percentage distribution of overseas trips to Ireland by non-residents with at least one overnight in Ireland, cross classified by area of residence and reason for journey, Quarter 2 2017 and Quarter 2 2018
TripsReason for journey   
BusinessVisit to Friends/RelativesHoliday/Leisure/ RecreationOther Total
 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018
Total trips with at least one overnight in Ireland ('000s)3603046127091,3851,5089598 2,4522,619
Area of residence (%)           
Great Britain3943555224241410 3433
France54448868 66
Germany6536111198 89
Italy532344107 44
Other Europe3027161920193036 2120
USA & Canada911111028282524 2121
All other areas (incl. Australia & New Zealand)77866666 66
All residencies100100100100100100100100 100100
Table 2a Percentage distribution of overseas trips to Ireland by non-residents with at least one overnight in Ireland, cross classified by area of residence and reason for journey, Years 2016 and 2017
TripsReason for journey   
BusinessVisit to Friends/RelativesHoliday/Leisure/ RecreationOther Total
 20162017201620172016201720162017 20162017
Total trips with at least one overnight in Ireland ('000s)1,3181,2732,4762,4874,2514,573383393 8,4288,726
Area of residence (%)      
Great Britain47445656312714134037
France5544779866
Germany663410107977
Italy342244141144
Other Europe22251816182032331920
USA & Canada1110911242716181719
All other areas (incl. Australia & New Zealand)6678568967
All residencies100100100100100100100100 100100
Table 3 Percentage distribution of overseas same-day trips to Ireland by non-residents cross classified by area of residence and reason for journey, Quarter 2 2017 and Quarter 2 2018
TripsReason for journey1  
BusinessVisit to Friends/RelativesHoliday/Leisure/ RecreationOtherTotal
 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018
Total same-day trips (i.e. no overnight in Ireland) ('000s)535620223436211219317333
Area of residence (%)          
Great Britain73744648393428263836
Other Europe18161811211324252221
All other areas10103641405348494042
All residencies100100100100100100100100100100
1 The contents of this table should be interpreted with caution due to small sample sizes.
Table 3a Percentage distribution of overseas same-day trips to Ireland by non-residents cross classified by area of residence and reason for journey, Years 2016 and 2017
TripsReason for journey1  
BusinessVisit to Friends/RelativesHoliday/Leisure/ RecreationOtherTotal
 2016201720162017201620172016201720162017
Total same-day trips (i.e. no overnight in Ireland) ('000s)22020578791371377217841,1571,206
Area of residence (%)
Great Britain81775244474434304641
Other Europe12142018161922231921
All other areas792838373744473538
All residencies100100100100100100100100100100
1 The contents of this table should be interpreted with caution due to small sample sizes.
Table 4 Number of bednights spent in Ireland by non-residents on overseas trips cross classified by type of accommodation used and area of residence, Quarter 2 2017 and Quarter 2 2018
           '000
BednightsArea of Residence   
Great BritainOther EuropeUSA & CanadaAll Other AreasTotal
 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018
Type of accommodation used           
    Hotel1,1171,0192,4012,1782,0801,937460455 6,0585,589
    Guest House/B&B3873091,1191,379837930174258 2,5182,876
    Rented House/Apartment4082901,3681,970567581423380 2,7663,221
    Friends/Relatives1,4151,6181,1901,428439457688578 3,7334,082
    Other7886401,7491,489463522241265 3,2412,916
    Total4,1153,8777,8288,4434,3874,4281,9861,936 18,31618,684
Table 4a Number of bednights spent in Ireland by non-residents on overseas trips cross classified by type of accommodation used and area of residence, Years 2016 and 2017
           '000
BednightsArea of Residence   
Great BritainOther EuropeUSA & CanadaAll Other AreasTotal
 20162017201620172016201720162017 20162017
Type of accommodation used           
    Hotel4,5544,0277,0887,1315,3856,4021,4951,623 18,52219,183
    Guest House/B&B1,0481,1744,0774,1912,0802,533649696 7,8548,594
    Rented House/Apartment1,3771,4355,3455,4801,7031,6331,9622,277 10,38710,825
    Friends/Relatives6,6746,6175,8865,1362,0362,1772,6243,038 17,21916,969
    Other2,7853,2146,6106,7451,8091,7811,2131,341 12,41713,082
    Total16,43716,46829,00628,68313,01314,5257,9438,976 66,39968,652
Table 5 Number of bednights spent in Ireland by non-residents on overseas trips cross classified by type of accommodation used and reason for journey, Quarter 2 2017 and Quarter 2 2018
           '000
BednightsReason for journey   
BusinessVisit to Friends/RelativesHoliday/Leisure/ RecreationOther Total
 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018
Type of accommodation used           
    Hotel1,0758266835144,1414,055159195 6,0585,589
    Guest House/B&B1952442332871,8832,115207231 2,5182,876
    Rented House/Apartment5974592472426118641,3111,656 2,7663,221
    Friends/Relatives1412042,6603,071696636235171 3,7334,082
    Other3423184425191,5521,441904637 3,2412,916
    Total2,3502,0514,2654,6328,8849,1102,8172,890 18,31618,684
Table 5a Number of bednights spent in Ireland by non-residents on overseas trips cross classified by type of accommodation used and reason for journey, Years 2016 and 2017
           '000
BednightsReason for journey   
BusinessVisit to Friends/RelativesHoliday/Leisure/ RecreationOther Total
 20162017201620172016201720162017 20162017
Type of accommodation used           
    Hotel3,8563,8141,7692,05012,36912,853528465 18,52219,183
    Guest House/B&B5076187958645,5496,1011,0031,010 7,8548,594
    Rented House/Apartment2,3002,4498529332,4432,5464,7924,897 10,38710,825
    Friends/Relatives88276012,72912,2742,8443,080764854 17,21916,969
    Other1,2181,4372,1982,2325,0255,5393,9753,874 12,41713,082
    Total8,7649,07818,34318,35528,23030,11811,06211,101 66,39968,652
Table 6 Estimated average length of stay (nights) by non-residents on all overseas trips to Ireland classified by area of residence and reason for journey, 2015 - Quarter 2 2018
      Nights
 201520162017  2017 2018
Average length of stay
    Jan-MarApr-JunJul-SepOct-Dec Jan-MarApr-Jun
All overseas trips to Ireland 7.16.96.9  6.26.67.66.9 6.56.3
Trips by area of residence          
    Great Britain4.34.24.4  4.04.35.23.9 3.93.9
    France8.69.49.3  8.68.19.511.3 9.18.7
    Germany9.58.68.3  8.47.58.88.7 7.57.5
    Italy8.67.88.5  5.78.89.09.6 6.96.8
    Other Europe8.78.97.8  7.17.48.87.8 8.07.5
    USA & Canada7.77.26.9  6.07.07.36.8 6.26.4
    Australia & New Zealand12.312.512.6  15.811.212.512.1 13.812.0
    All other areas15.115.615.5  16.512.014.720.3 19.111.0
Trips by reason for journey          
    Business5.35.76.1  5.05.76.67.3 5.95.7
    Visit to Friends/Relatives7.37.27.2  7.46.88.26.2 7.16.3
    Holiday/Leisure/Recreation6.56.46.4  4.96.37.75.5 5.25.9
    Other11.910.09.4  9.49.27.112.8 10.59.1
Table 6a Estimated average length of stay (nights) by non-residents on all overseas trips to Ireland cross classified by area of residence and reason for journey, Quarter 2 2017 and Quarter 2 2018
Nights
Average length of stayReason for journey  
 BusinessVisit to Friends/Relatives Holiday/Leisure/ RecreationOther Total
 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018
Area of Residence           
Great Britain3.92.44.94.94.44.12.01.3 4.33.9
France4.78.35.66.27.36.723.326.1 8.18.7
Germany3.07.46.36.77.97.512.410.1 7.57.5
Italy11.44.99.55.45.84.916.220.4 8.86.8
Other Europe6.610.58.27.35.65.315.913.5 7.47.5
USA & Canada6.76.38.07.57.16.75.94.9 7.06.4
All other areas (incl. Australia & New Zealand)12.38.914.514.28.17.719.829.5 11.711.4
Total5.75.76.86.36.35.99.29.1 6.66.3
Table 6b Estimated average length of stay (nights) by non-residents on all overseas trips to Ireland cross classified by area of residence and reason for journey, Years 2016 and 2017
Nights
Average length of stayReason for journey   
 BusinessVisit to Friends/Relatives Holiday/Leisure/ RecreationOther Total
 20162017201620172016201720162017 20162017
Area of Residence           
Great Britain2.83.65.35.34.34.41.72.0 4.24.4
France8.010.97.36.57.87.321.521.9 9.49.3
Germany6.65.06.87.48.28.018.216.3 8.68.3
Italy8.311.17.87.76.16.012.116.1 7.88.5
Other Europe10.48.18.47.86.66.116.314.2 8.97.8
USA & Canada5.77.09.48.87.37.35.94.1 7.26.9
All other areas (incl. Australia & New Zealand)12.013.415.916.69.79.330.029.5 14.414.5
Total5.76.17.27.26.46.410.09.4 6.96.9
Table 7 Expenditure by non-residents on overseas trips to Ireland classified by type of trip, area of residence, reason for journey and total overseas tourism and travel earnings, 2015 - Quarter 2 2018
      € million
 201520162017 2017 2018
Estimated expenditure
    Jan-MarApr-JunJul-SepOct-Dec Jan-MarApr-Jun
Total expenditure in Ireland (excluding fares) (1)4,2084,5774,874 6841,4081,7361,046 7951,475
Fare receipts of Irish carriers from overseas travellers to Ireland (2)1,3221,4871,611 261468551331 284495 1
Total overseas tourism and travel earnings (1) + (2) 5,5306,0646,485 9451,8762,2871,377 1,0791,970 1
Total expenditure in Ireland (excluding fares) by trip type          
    Same-day trips384853 10161314 914
    Overnight trips4,1694,5294,822 6751,3921,7231,031 7861,462
Total expenditure in Ireland (excluding fares) by area of residence           
    Great Britain9711,0611,007 198267303239 206262
    France236274295 51829963 48104
    Germany397388399 4013514678 55153
    Italy153175190 23558033 3046
    Other Europe771821883 121250316196 151262
    USA & Canada1,1971,3351,523 152476580315 194493
    Australia & New Zealand200204207 38537641 3556
    All other areas283319370 619213781 7698
Total expenditure in Ireland (excluding           
 fares) by reason for journey          
    Business675724766 151213199204 169189
    Visit to Friends/Relatives 803864895 185218281211 181240
    Holiday/Leisure/Recreation2,3302,5472,758 2838611,106507 350925
    Other400443456 65116151124 95121
1 Provisional data that may be subject to future revisions.
Table 7a Total expenditure (excl fares) by non-residents on overseas trips to Ireland cross classified by area of residence and reason for journey, Quarter 2 2017 and Quarter 2 2018
€ million
Estimated expenditureReason for journey   
BusinessVisit to Friends/RelativesHoliday/Leisure/ RecreationOther Total
 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018 Apr-Jun 2017Apr-Jun 2018
Area of Residence
Great Britain6054828511811974 267262
France10119125764717 82104
Germany1297121051211011 135153
Italy156472627107 5546
Other Europe554934381301403035 250262
USA & Canada373740463623813728 476493
All other areas (incl. Australia & New Zealand)2423414064731518 144154
Total213189218240861925116121 1,4081,475
Table 7b Total expenditure (excl fares) by non-residents on overseas trips to Ireland cross classified by area of residence and reason for journey, Years 2016 and 2017
€ million
Estimated expenditureReason for journey   
BusinessVisit to Friends/RelativesHoliday/Leisure/ RecreationOther Total
 20162017201620172016201720162017 20162017
Area of Residence           
Great Britain2342233443444554102830 1,0611,007
France313729311751874040 274295
Germany434332302852892837 388399
Italy2636181984964740 175190
Other Europe161184143130391434126136 821883
USA & Canada1301501431649631,1249886 1,3351,523
All other areas (incl. Australia & New Zealand)99941541781942187687 524577
Total7247668648952,5472,758443456 4,5774,874
Table 8 Number of overseas trips by Irish residents classified by mode of travel, type of trip, route of travel and reason for journey, 2015 - Quarter 2 2018
       '000
 201520162017 20172018
Trips
    Jan-MarApr-JunJul-SepOct-Dec Jan-MarApr-Jun
Total overseas trips by Irish residents6,9657,4057,939 1,5692,1192,4951,7561,5992,248
Trips by mode of travel          
     Air6,5617,0237,536 1,5162,0092,3191,6921,5512,151
     Sea404382403 53110176644897
Trips by type          
    Same-day trips 184181211 596546414144
    Overnight trips 6,7817,2247,728 1,5092,0542,4491,7151,5582,204
Trips by route of travel          
    Cross channel2,6172,6832,877 673738794673656733
    Continental3,7724,1424,376 7791,2171,4729087991,314
    Transatlantic & Other Routes577580686 118163230175144201
Trips by reason for journey          
    Business890817879 236240177227231212
    Visit to Friends/Relatives1,6841,7511,790 441489455406404465
    Holiday/Leisure/Recreation4,2094,5635,058 8551,3451,8081,0509281,522
    Other 182273212 37465673 3748
Table 9 Estimated average length of stay (nights) by Irish residents on all overseas trips classified by route of travel and reason for journey, 2015 - Quarter 2 2018
       Nights
 201520162017 2017 2018
Average length of stay
    Jan-MarApr-JunJul-SepOct-Dec Jan-MarApr-Jun
All overseas trips by Irish residents7.67.67.2 6.06.89.06.06.26.7
Trips by route of travel         
    Cross channel5.05.04.8 4.54.66.14.04.44.6
    Continental8.48.68.2 6.97.710.16.97.17.6
    Transatlantic & Other Routes13.611.910.3 9.610.012.08.79.79.1
Trips by reason for journey         
    Business3.73.63.6 3.02.95.53.73.33.6
    Visit to Friends/Relatives6.85.85.4 5.65.16.24.55.65.0
    Holiday/Leisure/Recreation8.68.98.4 7.18.110.17.07.27.6
    Other 8.47.56.8 6.67.36.17.2 4.910.9
Table 10 Estimated expenditure by Irish residents on overseas trips classified by reason for journey and total overseas tourism and travel expenditure, 2015 - Quarter 2 2018
      € million
 201520162017 2017 2018
Estimated expenditure
    Jan-MarApr-JunJul-SepOct-Dec Jan-MarApr-Jun
Total expenditure (including fares) (1)5,8436,3506,5941,1731,6642,3621,3941,2991,831
Fare payments by Irish travellers abroad to Irish carriers (2)1,1481,2471,377221383487287252393 1
Total overseas tourism and travel expenditure (1) - (2) 4,6955,1035,2179521,2811,8751,1071,0471,438 1
Total expenditure (including fares) by reason for journey       
    Business650606617152164133169164172
    Visit to Friends/Relatives968936909236245240188203224
    Holiday/Leisure/Recreation4,0894,6084,9127631,2271,9449779081,391
    Other 136199156 22284660 2344
1 Provisional data that may be subject to future revisions.
Table 11 Tourism and travel estimated earnings from non-residents on overseas trips to Ireland and expenditure by Irish residents on overseas trips, 2015 - Quarter 2 2018
      € million
Estimated earnings and expenditure201520162017 2017 2018
    Jan-MarApr-JunJul-SepOct-Dec Jan-MarApr-Jun
Overseas tourism and travel earnings from trips to Ireland5,5306,0646,485 9451,8762,2871,3771,0791,970 1
Overseas tourism and travel expenditure by Irish travellers abroad 4,6955,1035,217 9521,2811,8751,1071,0471,438 1
Tourism and travel balance8359611,268 -7595412270 32532 1
1 Provisional data that may be subject to future revisions.

Background Notes

Introduction

The data in this release gives details on the number of overseas trips to Ireland and Irish trips abroad. It provides data on country of residence, reason for journey, the average length of stay (nights) and expenditure of overseas travellers to Ireland and by Irish residents on trips abroad.

Ireland

For the purposes of this release, Ireland refers to the Republic of Ireland.

Data Sources

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) carries out two sample surveys of passengers at airports and seaports. These are the Country of Residence Survey (CRS) and the Passenger Card Inquiry (PCI). Data from these surveys are used in conjunction with passenger movement figures supplied by the air and sea transport companies to provide the estimates for overseas tourism and travel in this release. The Country of Residence Survey is a continuous sample survey of passengers (both inward and outward) which provides an estimated country of residence breakdown for passengers entering and leaving Ireland. This distribution is applied to the total passenger movement figures to provide estimates of Irish trips abroad and trips to Ireland by non-residents. Trips to Ireland are categorised into the areas of residence shown in this release.

The Passenger Card Inquiry is a continuous sample survey of incoming and departing passengers. This survey provides information on the reason for journey, length of stay, expenditure and fare costs, in addition to residency. The results are combined with the overall residency estimates from the Country of Residence Survey to provide the overseas tourism and travel details shown in this release.

Periodicity

Quarterly.

Scope 

The length of stay, residency, reason for journey, accommodation type (inbound travellers only) expenditure and fare costs for overseas travel into and out of Ireland.

Coverage 

This release provides information on overseas travel into and out of Ireland. The results for overseas travel to Ireland are based on the travel and expenditure patterns of departing non-resident passengers while results for overseas travel by Irish residents are based on departing and incoming Irish passengers.

Travel by residents of Northern Ireland into or out of Ireland or travel within Ireland by Irish residents is excluded from this publication.

Data Collection 

This release is based on the results of the Passenger Card Inquiry. The PCI surveys passengers at Dublin, Cork, Shannon and Knock airports and at Rosslare, Ringaskiddy and Dublin seaports.  Data on the country of residence, length of stay, reason for journey, expenditure and fare costs is collected from passengers who complete a questionnaire provided by one of a team of Central Statistics Office (CSO) interviewers.  This data is also collected by the Office of National Statistics staff on behalf of the CSO at Holyhead seaport covering passengers coming into the Republic of Ireland from Holyhead.

Sample Design

A sample of flights and sailings is selected to facilitate proper representation of airport/seaport pairings (e.g. Dublin-London Heathrow), day, night, weekday and weekend flights/sailings. The PCI card is then distributed by CSO interviewers to all passengers on these flights and sailings.

Where expenditure or fare data is missing, results are imputed using the ‘nearest neighbour’ imputation methodology. In other words, these expenditures and fares are estimated using the average fares of other observations in the sample with similar characteristics.            

Sample Size 

The effective sample size for the PCI in Quarter 2 2018 was 51,000 passengers.

Definitions 

Trip

In this release, a trip is defined as a journey (usually including a return) from one place to another, for any purpose (i.e. both tourism and non-tourism). The number of trips is calculated as the sum of both outward journeys and inward journeys divided by two.

Same Day Traveller 

A traveller is classified as a same day traveller if his/her trip does not include an overnight stay.

Transit/Transfer Passengers

Transit passengers are defined as those who make a stop at an airport without any particular purpose other than being en route to another destination. These passengers generally do not disembark from their aircraft and are therefore not covered by the Passenger Card Inquiry.

Transfer passengers or ‘connecting passengers’ are also defined as those who make a stop at an airport without any particular purpose other than being en route to another destination. However, unlike transits, transfer passengers disembark the aircraft and pass through the airport en route to their connecting flight.  Such passengers are included in the estimates of trips and expenditure for the Tourism and Travel release and are treated in the same manner as same-day visits. They are surveyed for the Passenger Card Inquiry.

Country of Residence 

Country of Residence is defined as the country in which the person has resided for 12 months prior to interview.

Total Expenditure  

Total expenditure refers to the amount paid for the acquisition or consumption of goods and services for one’s own use or for use by others, for and during trips. It includes expenditure by travellers themselves, as well as expenses that are paid for or reimbursed by others. For example, expenses paid by another person (e.g. gift) or expenses paid directly by the employer for employees on business travel are included.

Total expenditure does not include purchases of land, real estate or motor vehicles.

Overseas Tourism & Travel Earnings

Overseas tourism and travel earnings refers to the total expenditure by overseas travellers while in Ireland plus fares paid by them to Irish air and sea carriers.

Overseas Tourism & Travel Expenditure 

Overseas tourism and travel expenditure refers to the total expenditure of Irish residents on overseas trips (including all fares) less fares paid by them to Irish air and sea carriers.

Tourism & Travel Balance 

This refers to the difference between tourism and travel earnings from overseas trips to Ireland and tourism and travel expenditure on trips abroad by Irish residents.

Rounding  

Individual figures have been rounded independently and the sum of component items therefore may not necessarily add to the totals shown.

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