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|Price Index (Year 2015=100)||% Quarterly change||% Annual change|
The experimental Services Producer Price Index (SPPI) measures changes in the average prices charged by domestic service producers to other businesses for a selected range of services. In most cases these services are provided to business customers only and so individual price indices should not be considered indicative of more general price trends in the economy. The index covers transaction costs from business to business and excludes consumers who are covered in the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
The individual price indices are aggregated together to create a “service industry” index that is limited in coverage. The indices are still under development and may be subject to methodological improvement. Figures should therefore be treated as provisional and subject to revision. These indices are being published to engage users in the ongoing development of the SPPI methodology.
Services prices in Quarter 4 2018, as measured by the experimental SPPI, were on average 1.6% higher in the year when compared with the same period last year.
The most notable changes in the year were: Warehousing, Storage and Cargo Handling (+10.5%), Employment and Human Resource Activities (+7.3%), Postal and Courier (+5.3%) and Sea and Coastal Transport (+5.3%).
Services prices increased by 0.3% in the quarter. This compares with an increase of 0.1% recorded in Q3 2018.
The most notable quarterly price changes were: Warehousing, Storage and Cargo Handling (+7.5%), Sea and Coastal Transport (+6.1%), Employment and Human Resource Activities (+6.0%) and Air Transport (-0.9%).
|X-axis label||annual % change|
|Freight and Removal by Road||1.4|
|Sea and Coastal Transport||5.3|
|Warehousing, Storage and Cargo Handling||10.5|
|Postal and Courier||5.3|
|Computer Programming and Consultancy||1.1|
|Legal, Accounting, PR and Business Consultancy||1.3|
|Architecture, Engineering and Technical Testing||2.9|
|Advertising, Media Rep. and Market Research||-0.00245150000000601|
|Employment and Human Resource Activities||7.3|
|Security and Investigation||3.1|
|Industrial and Building Cleaning||2.9|
|X-axis label||annual % change|
|Freight and Removal by Road||0.04|
|Sea and Coastal Transport||0.05|
|Warehousing, Storage and Cargo Handling||0.08|
|Postal and Courier||0.1|
|Computer Programming and Consultancy||0.64|
|Legal, Accounting, PR and Business Consultancy||0.23|
|Architecture, Engineering and Technical Testing||0.13|
|Advertising, Media Rep. and Market Research||-4.68706007863833E-05|
|Employment and Human Resource Activities||0.19|
|Security and Investigation||0.0207899167285695|
|Industrial and Building Cleaning||0.0196814234546094|
|Table 1 Services Producer Price Index (All Sectors)|
|Period||SPPI Current base 2015 = 100||Quarterly||Annual|
|Table 2 Services Producer Price Index (2015 = 100)|
|Sector||Freight and Removal by Road||Sea and Coastal Transport||Air Transport3||Warehousing, Storage and Cargo Handling||Postal and Courier||Computer Programming and Consultancy||Legal, Accounting, Public Relations and Business Management Consultancy||Architecture, Engineering and Technical Testing||Advertising, Media Representation and Market Research||Employment and Human Resource Activities||Security and Investigation||Industrial and Building Cleaning|
|Nace 2 Code 1||49.4||50.1/50.2||51||52.1/52.24||53.1/53.2||62||69.1/69.2/70.2||71.1/71.2||73.1/73.2||78||80||81.2|
|Annual percentage change||%|
|Quarterly percentage change||%|
|1 Nace Rev 2 statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community|
|2 Sectoral weights do not total 100 due to rounding differences|
|3 Air Transport is based on data compiled from the Consumer Price Index|
Services Producer Price Index The Services Producer Price Index (SPPI) is made up of a set of individual price indices that measure changes in the average level of prices charged by producers for a selected range of services supplied to businesses and government. In most cases these services are provided to business customers only and so individual price indices should not be considered indicative of more general price trends in the economy. The index covers transaction costs from business to business and excludes consumers who are covered in the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
The individual price indices are aggregated together to create a “services industry” index that is limited in coverage. The SPPI is experimental, under development and may be subject to methodological improvement. Figures should therefore be treated as provisional and subject to revision. The index is published to engage users in the ongoing development of the methodology.
Relevancy There are two main uses of SPPI; as a short-term indicator of the business cycle and to provide deflators for national accounts.
Coverage The services producer price index covers a limited range of service industries as set by the European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 1165/1998 (consolidated).
The following industries are selected (based on the Nace Rev 2 Classification):H – Transportation & Storage49.4 Freight transport by road and removal services50.1/50.2 Sea and coastal transport
N – Administrative and Support Services Activities
78 Employment activities
80 Security and investigation activities
81.2 Industrial and building Cleaning
At present the quality of indices for the telecommunications (61) and information service activities (63) are deemed insufficient for publication.
The published index accounts for approximately 43% of the total value of the traded services sector, excluding Wholesale and Retail Trade, when measured by sales.
Nace Classification The business activity classifications used in this Statistical release are based on the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community i.e. Nace Rev 2. The descriptions of particular NACE Rev 2 sectors are shown in abbreviated form in the release. For further information on the NACE Rev 2 classifications, visit the CSO website http://www.cso.ie/px/u/NACECoder/NACEItems/searchnace.asp
Scope Regulation (EC) No 1165/1998 (consolidated) requires Member States to provide data on the change in price of services within the business sector. In most cases the CSO collects data on prices charged to Republic of Ireland businesses and government. In several instances prices are collected on the basis of prices charged to all sectors i.e. “Air transport” and “Postal activities under universal service obligation” as these are representative of prices charged to Business customers.
Price Collection All indices in the series are based on prices collected on a quarterly basis, using either the average price per quarter or the price on the 15th of the middle month of the reference period.
Prices used in the compilation of these indices are:
Exclusive of VAT
Inclusive of surcharges (such as for fuel)
The Air Transport index is constructed using data collected by the Consumer Price Section.
The Employment and Human Resource Activities index is constructed using a combination of survey data and data from the Earnings, Hours and Employment Cost Survey.
Weights The SPPI has been rebased to 2015 = 100. Weights at Nace Rev2 for 2015 were estimated by the SPPI Section primarily using data from the CSO Annual Services Inquiry. Weights are “gross” – they are based on turnover from sales to all sectors, including non-resident.
Methodology More information on SPPI’s is available from the Eurostat Methodological guide for developing producer price indices for services which can be viewed at http://www.oecd.org/std/prices-ppp/eurostat-oecd-methodological-guide-for-developing-producer-price-indices-for-services-9789264220676-en.htm Additional methodological information can be found on the website of the Voorburg Group on Services Statistics at www.voorburggroup.org
Calculating percentage changes in the index The movement of the SPPI is expressed as percentage change, rather than a change in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas percentage changes are not.
The example below illustrates the computation of a percentage change:
Percentage Change Calculation
|Less Previous Index||103.7|
|Equals in index points||-1.1|
|Divided by the previous index||103.7|
|Results multiplied by 100||-0.0106*100|
|Equals percentage change||-1.1%|
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