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International comparison:
Eurostat Planning Permission Data
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For more information on this release:
E-mail: business_stats@cso.ie Sarah O'Connell (+353) 21 453 5379 Alan Finlay (+353) 21 453 5211 Mairéad Ní Chuill (+353) 21 453 5242
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 On-line ISSN 2009-5279
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Planning Permissions

Quarter 2 2019

Number of Dwelling Units
HousesApartmentsTotals
Quarter 2 20184,9511,8266,777
Quarter 2 20194,9364,6759,611
% change-0.3%156.0%41.8%

Planning applications for apartments equivalent to houses for Quarter 2 2019

Figure 1 Number of Dwelling Units approved classified by type of unit, Q3 2017 – Q 2 2019
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Planning permissions were granted for 9,611 dwelling units in the second quarter of 2019, 4,675 of which were apartments and 4,936 were houses. This is an overall increase of 41.8% on the same period last year comprised of a 156.0% increase in apartments and a 0.3% decrease in house units. While the number of units is similar, floor area for apartments is 52% that of houses. Total apartment floor area is 390 thousand square meters while for houses it is 781 thousand square meters based on planning permissions granted in Quarter 2 2019.  See Tables 1 and 4.

 The second quarter figures also show that:

  • One-off houses accounted for 14.4% of all new dwelling units granted planning permission in this quarter. See Table 4.
  • The total number of planning permissions granted for all developments was 7,047. This compares with 6,823 in the second quarter of 2018, an increase of 3.3%. See Table 1.
  • In this quarter, 308 planning permissions were granted for new buildings for Agriculture. This compares to 411 permissions in the same quarter of 2018. See Table 3(a).
X-axis labelPlanning Permissions CivilPlanning Permissions Non-Res Planning Permissions Dwellings
201380634408204
2014123234989072
2015151940859845
20161913514311497
20172197522814153
20182211751215617
Table A Summary of Planning Permissions granted for new Dwelling Units
Period All HousesAnnual % changeof which Multi- Development HousesAnnual % changeof which One-off housesAnnual % changeApartmentsAnnual % change Total Dwellings (All Houses & Apartments)Annual % change
2017Q13,75448%2,48159%1,27330%89661% 4,65050%
 Q23,63055%2,38276%1,24826%8233% 4,45342%
 Q33,764-14%2,382-26%1,38222%975-33% 4,739-18%
 Q44,29232%2,97041%1,32217%2,642144% 6,93460%
 Year15,44024%10,21524%5,22524%5,33637% 20,77627%
  
2018Q115,81355%4,42278%1,3919%1,953118%7,76667%
 Q24,95136%3,63653%1,3155%1,826122%6,77752%
 Q34,87930%3,46345%1,4162%3,139222%8,01869%
 Q44,3762%3,0172%1,3593%2,306-13%6,682-4%
 Year20,01930%14,53842%5,4815%9,22473%29,24341%
            
2019Q14,901-16%3,445-22%1,4565%2,59233%7,493-4%
 Q24,9360%3,549-2%1,3875%4,675156%9,61142%
Note: Percentages are rounded for tabular purposes
1 Revised
Table 1 Summary of Planning Permissions granted, Q1 2009 - Q2 2019
Number of Permissions Total Floor Area (000 sq.m)
 New Construction    New Construction  
Period DwellingsOtherExtensionAlteration and ConversionTotal  DwellingsOtherExtensionTotal1
2009Q 13,2751,2312,4994817,486 2,0908704593,419
 Q 22,6891,1582,4055046,756 1,7538722812,906
 Q 32,5051,2182,4334996,655 1,2739152782,466
 Q 41,9119081,8854335,137 8124081791,399
 Year10,3804,5159,2221,91726,034 5,9283,0651,19710,190
           
2010Q 11,7687751,6173594,519 8443031811,328
 Q 21,5137721,9963944,675 7765532321,561
 Q 3 1,6348662,3194535,272 7274152711,412
 Q 41,4327921,7783714,373 514254186955
 Year6,3473,2057,7101,57718,839 2,8611,5258705,256
          
2011Q 11,2777001,6374054,019 5993762021,177
 Q 21,2647211,8663934,244 5604522091,222
 Q 3 1,2718621,8964174,446 465288216969
 Q 49556811,3123353,283 357214137708
 Year4,7672,9646,7111,55015,992 1,9821,3307654,077
            
2012Q 19576951,3393773,368 279283173734
 Q 29428281,5493533,672 284341199824
 Q 39071,0501,6804104,047 312346219877
 Q 48378341,3413083,320 325261177763
 Year3,6433,4075,9091,44814,407 1,1991,2317683,198
            
2013Q 18627851,2963323,275 394366169930
 Q 27727541,4893533,368 333331170834
 Q 39319041,6653753,875 282312229823
 Q 47519881,2453993,383 295297159751
 Year3,3163,4315,6951,45913,901 1,3051,3067273,338
            
2014Q 18911,0061,3965403,833 336229180744
 Q 28751,0911,5905934,149 296242174712
 Q 39621,1831,7054784,328 366379228974
 Q 48781,0191,2613463,504 368214172754
 Year3,6064,2995,9521,95715,814 1,3661,0647543,184
            
2015Q 11,0661,0461,4543353,901 525243206973
 Q 29911,0211,6633724,047 5273212161,065
 Q 31,1281,4921,9424475,009 4945682931,354
 Q 41,0841,5651,4134084,470 6016871801,468
 Year4,2695,1246,4721,56217,427 2,1471,8198954,861
            
2016Q 11,1691,6951,6803704,914 5025222561,280
 Q 21,2031,7581,8494265,236 5544602311,245
 Q 31,4031,9742,1985516,126 8456292621,736
 Q 41,3411,5171,5104554,823 6844501911,325
 Year5,1166,9447,2371,80221,099 2,5852,0629405,586
            
2017Q 11,5231,9061,7677635,959 7604212791,461
 Q 21,4842,0901,9048016,279 6985312271,455
 Q 31,6702,0462,1661,0026,884 7614473021,510
 Q 41,5911,8991,6008715,961 9624182131,593
 Year6,2687,9417,4373,43725,083 3,1811,8171,0216,019
            
2018Q 11,7141,7771,6588726,021 1,1715722201,964
 Q 21,6392,0852,0591,0406,823 9966062551,857
 Q 31,8132,2572,2231,1477,440 1,0976532602,010
 Q 41,6781,8831,7509896,300 9084942701,672
 Year6,8448,0027,6904,04826,584 4,1722,3251,0067,503
            
2019Q 11,8232,0431,9241,1536,943 1,0366072041,847
 Q 21,7742,0801,9691,2247,047 1,2346532322,120
1 For categories where floor area is a relevant measure
Table 2 Summary of Planning Permissions granted, Q2 2019, classified by region, county and type of development
Number of Permissions  Total Floor Area (000 sq.m)
 New Construction New Construction  
Planning Region and CountyDwellings Other  ExtensionAlteration and ConversionTotal DwellingsOther  ExtensionTotal1
Northern and Western4233973261641,310 14323243417
           
Border18821115384636 667421160
Cavan283425895 2516444
Donegal89656632252 2381040
Leitrim132212855 4127
Monaghan44552117137 1141356
Sligo1435291997 38213
           
West23518617380674 7715822257
Galway City12392822101 231384165
Galway2119796527290 299746
Mayo73305413170 185830
Roscommon31382618113 86216
           
Southern 7297976483742,548 40717687670
           
Mid-West19221017798677 686824160
Clare73665837234 175729
Limerick71827244269 34411388
Tipperary48624717174 1721442
           
South-East22623319091740 1845526265
Carlow33373615121 1013831
Kilkenny53653923180 2016441
Waterford49545423180 478559
Wexford91776130259 107179133
           
South-West3113542811851,131 1555437246
Cork City27293934129 219232
Cork2224243173118758 1193626181
Kerry60826933244 168833
           
Eastern and Midland6228869956863,189 6842451031,032
           
Dublin1914496004781,718 34713252531
Dublin City83242258237820 866227175
Dun Laoghaire- Rathdown609114195387 105208133
Fingal306812180299 104409153
South Dublin18488066212 5310770
           
Mid-East267274277145963 2746232368
Louth52425117162 5113468
Kildare64818756288 57211088
Meath103726743285 1551410179
Wicklow48797229228 1214733
           
Midland16416311863508 635120134
Laois47442415130 2112437
Longford243218680 78318
Offaly45323315125 2110536
Westmeath48554327173 1421943
           
State1,7742,0801,9691,2247,047 1,2346532322,120
1 For categories where floor area is a relevant measure
2 Excluding cities
Table 3(a) Number of Planning Permissions granted, Q2 2019, classified by region, type of development and functional category
 Functional Category 
Type of Development and Planning RegionDwellingsCommercial BuildingsBuildings for AgricultureIndustrial BuildingsGovt-, Health and EducationOther Buildings for Social UseCivil Eng.OtherTotal
New Construction         
          
Northern and Western42319958118110146820
Border1884534456576399
West23515424734570421
         
Southern72932152317132343281,526
Mid-West1925447-35398402
South-East2269569336885459
South West31118521547113145665
          
Eastern and Midland62272614020221904811,508
Dublin1914922481166289640
Mid-East2671828911668134541
Midland1645317155658327
         
State1,7741233087938435349553,854
         
Extension         
         
Northern and Western253251062210--326
Border1071784107--153
West146822123--173
         
Southern5163817243419--648
Mid-West14883756--177
South-East1391598145--190
South West2291559158--281
         
Eastern and Midland862431121508--995
Dublin55620-9141--600
Mid-East2251567204--277
Midland81855163--118
         
State1,631106385110637--1,969
          
Alteration and Conversion         
          
Northern and Western785114219--164
Border372613116--84
West4125-1103--80
         
Southern224894123213--374
Mid-West51301394--98
South-East452812105--91
South West1283127134--185
         
Eastern and Midland4931212153916--686
Dublin36374152510--478
Mid-East93371383--145
Midland3710-763--63
         
State7952617319238--1,224
         
All Developments         
          
Northern and Western754951061854271101461,310
Border33247621125186576636
West422484472994570674
         
Southern1,4691591736773452343282,548
Mid-West39143481714135398677
South-East41052661927136885740
South West66864593132191131451,131
         
Eastern and Midland1,9772367476109461904813,189
Dublin1,1101433384722662891,718
Mid-East585703519391368134963
Midland28223361923115658508
          
State4,2004903531612361185349557,047
- No permissions         
Table 3(b) Total Floor Area Planned (000 sq.m) in new construction and extensions, Q2 2019, classified by region and functional category
Functional Category 
Type of Development and Planning RegionDwellingsCommercial BuildingsBuildings for AgricultureIndustrial BuildingsGovt., Health and EducationOther Buildings for Social UseTotal1
New Construction       
        
Northern and Western143138717142375
Border66659350139
West7713212491235
       
Southern40734884825583
Mid-West68192622-1136
South-East1844351510239
South West15511281014209
       
Eastern and Midland6841075747279929
Dublin3479632426479
Mid-East27482413162336
Midland63330981114
        
State123427821610242161887
       
Extension       
       
Northern and Western187755143
Border73531121
West114124022
       
Southern35117237487
Mid-West94180224
South-East93391126
South West175266137
       
Eastern and Midland4614513231103
Dublin2510-611052
Mid-East153337032
Midland62244120
       
State99331841357232
        
Total New Construction and Extension       
       
Northern and Western1611457812193417
Border73965662160
West88136136122257
       
Southern44245957199670
Mid-West7723273003160
South-East1927382421265
South West17215301765246
       
Eastern and Midland730121625950101032
Dublin372106330146531
Mid-East289112716232368
Midland6943214132134
        
State133231123414277222120
1 For categories where floor area is a relevant measure
- No permissions
NOTE: 0 implies less than 500 sq.m, rounding issues may occur
Table 4 Summary of Planning Permissions Granted for new houses and apartments, Q1 2009 - Q2 2019
All Housesof which Multi-Development Housesof which One-Off HousesApartments
Number of PermissionsNumber of UnitsFloor Area (000 m2)Average Floor Area per Unit (m2)Number of PermissionsNumber of UnitsFloor Area (000 m2)Average Floor Area per Unit (m2)Number of PermissionsNumber of UnitsFloor Area (000 m2)Average Floor Area per Unit (m2)Number of PermissionsNumber of UnitsFloor Area (000 m2)Average Floor Area per Unit (m2)
                
2009Q 13,02510,2561,687164.52827,513995132.42,7432,743692252.42373,92138297.4
Q 22,4757,7391,273164.52375,501707128.52,2382,238566252.92025,09246791.7
Q 32,3045,362963179.61963,254434133.32,1082,108529251.11953,22230694.9
Q 41,7633,457669193.41391,833252137.71,6241,624416256.31371,50713187
Year9,56726,8144,592171.385418,1012,388131.98,7138,7132,203252.877113,7421,28693.6
                
2010Q 11,6643,585667186.21122,033280137.51,5521,552388249.9921,92516384.5
 Q 21,3953,043548180.0951,743219125.41,3001,300329253.21152,33522897.6
 Q 31,5372,817552196.0941,374192139.41,4431,443361249.9891,82416791.6
 Q 41,3622,159441204.475872122139.71,2871,287319248.2657907190.4
 Year5,95811,6042,208190.33766,022813135.55,5825,5821,397250.33616,87462991.5
                  
2011Q 11,2053,075528171.7781,948246126.21,1271,127282250.36759265109.2
 Q 21,1972,599487187.3711,473204138.81,1261,126282250.7637117098.9
 Q 3 1,2071,887389206.483763111145.91,1241,124278247.55662573117.5
 Q 49071,537302196.34167186128.6866866210249.0436195487.9
 Year4,5169,0981,706187.52734,855647133.44,2434,2431,058249.42292,547263103.2
                  
2012Q 19021,263268212.43439553134.7868868215247.84992780.8
 Q 28751,166257220.04533648143.2830830208251.26224024101.8
 Q 38571,540302196.156739107145.4801801194242.84798885.1
 Q 47881,420283199.43766996143.2751751187249.5464314092.5
 Year3,4225,3891,110206.01722,139305142.43,2503,250805247.82048618093.0
                  
2013Q 18181,860345185.7451,087155142.6773773190246.24044846102.1
 Q 27271,496280187.143812109134.5684684171249.64043050116.9
 Q 38641,252266212.64543363146.6819819203247.5641571276.6
 Q 46941,394270193.654754109144.1640640161252.0531621593.6
 Year3,1036,0021,161193.51873,086436141.42,9162,916725248.61971,197123103.0
                  
2014Q 18351,446296204.661672106157.3774774190245.7491581596.9
 Q 28091,492283190.05774099133.2752752185245.9631141084.9
 Q 38871,783330185.266962134138.9821821197239.6653613186.9
 Q 48041,905352184.5551,156166143.2749749186248.3691521385.3
 Year3,3356,6261,261190.32393,530503142.63,0963,096758244.82467856988.3
                  
2015Q 19772,514454180.6691,606232144.3908908222244.8826996897.2
 Q 29132,637475180.0921,816277152.5821821198241.0734734799.7
 Q 31,0362,345419178.6861,395189135.2950950230242.4853593289.2
 Q 49952,754481174.7821,841259140.5913913222243.5861,26311994.2
 Year3,92110,2501,829178.43296,658956143.63,5923,592873243.03262,79426695.2
                  
2016Q 11,0722,534445175.7941,556209134.2978978236241.8905575090.1
 Q 21,0902,340422180.31001,350188139.0990990234236.61078017188.0
 Q 31,2734,362703161.11443,233434134.21,1291,129269238.41261,45212687.0
 Q 41,2343,245559172.41012,112281133.31,1331,133278245.41021,08410496.4
 Year 4,66912,4812,129170.64398,2511,112134.74,2304,2301,018240.64253,89435290.3
                  
2017Q 11,3873,754650173.11142,481341137.61,2731,273308242.11268968393.1
 Q 21,3693,630611168.41212,382310130.01,2481,248302241.81078237084.8
 Q 3 1,5163,764631167.61342,382302126.81,3821,382329237.81469759091.9
 Q 41,4544,292719167.41322,970404135.91,3221,322315238.31312,64221581.5
 Year5,72615,4402,610169.150110,2151,357132.85,2255,2251,254239.95105,33645885.9
     
2018Q 11,5385,813895154.01474,422564127.51,3911,391331238.01621,95316886.0
 Q 21,4644,951794160.41493,636482132.61,3151,315312237.11611,82616691.0
 Q 3 1,5934,879777159.31773,463442127.61,4161,416335236.92113,13927888.7
 Q 41,5094,376708161.81503,017385127.71,3591,359323237.41602,30619082.2
 Year6,10420,0193,174158.662314,5381,873128.95,4815,4811,301237.36949,22480287.0
                  
2019Q 11,6144,901786160.41583,445446129.51,4561,456340233.71962,59222687.1
 Q 21,5564,936781158.21693,549461129.81,3871,387320230.72034,67539083.4
                  

Background Notes

Scope and Background

Details of the scope and background of this series were given in the March 1973 Statistical Bulletin. The Planning and Development Acts 1963 - 2000, imposes certain requirements on builders, developers and all other persons who propose to build or develop and specifies that a planning permission must be obtained from the relevant Planning Authority.

Local authority building (including housing) is exempt in the case where construction takes place in the Authorities’ own area. Therefore, works undertaken by a local authority outside its functional area come within the scope of the Acts, and need planning permission. Planning permission is also needed for development by the State, except where the consultation procedures provided for in the Local Government (Planning and Development) Act, 1993 obtain (e.g. national security, public safety or order, the administration of justice etc). This series only provides coverage where development is subject to the requirement to obtain planning permission.

This series is also available using the interactive tables in StatBank on the CSO website. 

Regions

The Local Government Act 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993, which came into operation on 1 January 1994, established eight new Regions. The CSO has adopted these in place of the old Planning Regions as the basis for the regional breakdown of planning permissions data. 

Classification

Planning permissions are classified by type of development, local authority district and by regional authority.  A distinction is made between residential and non-residential building and civil engineering. 

Coverage

Only final grants of permission or approvals are covered, i.e. only works which involve construction.  The following permissions are excluded since they do not entail construction per se:

  • Changes of a technical and business nature as distinct from a building or structural nature;
  • Outline permission;
  • Retention of an existing building;
  • Changes to existing plan;
  • Bye-law permission;
  • Refusals - permissions subsequently granted on appeal by An Bord Pleanála are included.  

Rounding

As the figures for floor area have been rounded there may be slight discrepancies between the sum of the constituent items and the totals shown.

Estimates are included where complete details of floor area size are not available.  

NUTS2 and NUTS3 Regions

The regional classifications in this release are based on the NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) classification used by Eurostat. The classification was drawn up by Eurostat in order to define territorial units for the production of regional statistics across the European Union. In 2003, the EU Member States, the European Parliament and the Commission established the NUTS regions within a legal framework (Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003).
Revisions were made to the NUTS boundaries in 2016 and were given legal status under Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/2066 amending annexes to NUTS Regulation 1059/2003. Under this revision the NUTS 2 Regions comprise the Regional Assemblies established under the Local Government Act 1991 (Regional Assemblies) (Establishment) Order 2014 (SI No. 573 of 2014). The NUTS 3 Regions are groupings of 31 administrative counties, and nest into the NUTS 2 Regions.

Nuts 2 Region   Nuts 2 Region   Nuts 2 Region  
           
Northern and Western   Southern   Eastern and Midland  
           
Nuts 3 Region   Nuts 3 Region   Nuts 3 Region  
Border Cavan Mid-West Clare Dublin Dublin
  Donegal   Limerick   Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown
  Leitrim   Tipperary   Fingal
  Monaghan       South Dublin
  Sligo        
           
West Galway City South-East Carlow Mid-East Louth
  Galway County   Kilkenny   Kildare
  Mayo   Waterford   Meath
  Roscommon   Wexford   Wicklow
           
    South-West Cork City Midland Laois
      Cork County   Longford
      Kerry   Offaly
          Westmeath

 

Strategic Housing Development Planning Applications 

Planning applications for housing developments of more than 100 residential units and 200 plus student bed spaces can now be made directly to An Bord Pleanála. New legislation which allows for this type of application was enacted on 19th December 2016 and the associated regulations come in to effect on 3rd July 2017. This new type of application has been introduced as part of Rebuilding Ireland to speed up the planning application process and accelerate delivery of larger housing and student accommodation proposals. For more information see An Bord Pleanala website

Comparison with other national series

There are differences (due to coverage, timing, definitions and other factors) between the planning permissions statistics produced by the CSO and those of the Department of Housing, Planning, Community and Local Government (DHPCLG), resulting in different but complementary sets of data aimed at meeting the needs of different users.

The planning permissions statistics produced by the DHPCLG focus on the overall process of the planning permissions system.  For example, it provides data for each planning authority on invalid applications received, applications for outline and full permission, decisions to grant /refuse permission, decisions issued within the statutory eight week period, decisions deferred. Percentages for decisions are provided.

By contrast, the planning permissions statistics published by the CSO provide a detailed breakdown of certain outputs of the planning process (number of  planning permissions granted with the number of units, functional description, and their floor areas).  Only final grants of permission for works which involve construction are covered. Refusals, retentions and outline permissions, for example, are excluded.  See under the heading Coverage above for a full list of exclusions.

The example of an application for a shopping centre with a car park illustrates how different approaches can result in a different total for the number of planning permissions granted. The CSO statistics include a breakdown into types of planning permission received and would therefore treat the case as an application for two permissions, one for a shopping centre and one for a car park. Where the statistics compiled do not involve such a breakdown, as is the case with the DHPCLG, the application would be treated as one for a single permission.

The purpose of the CSO Planning Permissions Statistics is to provide a short-term indicator on construction.  It aims to provide data enabling some prediction of or insight into the amount of building activity about to take place in the State. 

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