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International comparison:
Eurostat Planning Permission Data
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For more information on this release:
E-mail: business_stats@cso.ie Paul Murphy (+353) 21 453 5201 Alan Finlay (+353) 21 453 5211 Mairéad Ní Chuill (+353) 21 453 5242
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 On-line ISSN 2009-5279
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Planning Permissions

Quarter 1 2019

Number of Dwelling Units
Houses Apartments Totals
Quarter 1 20185,8131,9537,766
Quarter 1 20194,9012,5927,493
% change-15.7%32.7%-3.5%

Dwelling units approved down 3.5% in year

Figure 1 Number of Dwelling Units approved classified by type of unit, Q22017 - Q12019
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In the first quarter of 2019, planning permissions were granted for 7,493 dwelling units, compared with 7,766 units for the same period in 2018, a decrease of 3.5%. 

 The first quarter figures also show that:

  • Planning permissions were granted for 4,901 houses in the first quarter of 2019 and 5,813 in the first quarter of 2018, a decrease of 15.7%. See Table 4
  • Planning permissions were granted for 2,592 apartment units, compared with 1,953 units for the same period in 2018, an increase of 32.7%. See Table 4
  • One-off houses accounted for 19.4% of all new dwelling units granted planning permission in this quarter. See Table 4.
  • The total number of planning permissions granted for all developments was 6,943. This compares with 6,021 in the first quarter of 2018, an increase of 15.3%. See Table 1.
  • Total floor area planned was 1,847 thousand square metres in the first quarter of 2019. Of this, 56.1% was for new dwellings, 32.9% for other new constructions and 11.0% for extensions.  The total floor area planned decreased by 6.0% in comparison with the same quarter in 2018. See Table 1.
  • In this quarter, 254 planning permissions were granted for new buildings for Agriculture. This compares to 276 permissions in the same quarter of 2018. See Table 3(a).
X-axis labelPlanning Permissions CivilPlanning Permissions Non-Res Planning Permissions Dwellings
201380634408204
2014123234989072
2015151940859845
20161913514311497
20172197522814153
20182211751215617
Table A Summary of Planning Permissions granted for new Dwelling Units
Period All HousesAnnual % changeof which Multi- Development HousesAnnual % changeof which One-off housesAnnual % changeApartmentsAnnual % change Total Dwellings (All Houses & Apartments)Annual % change
2017Q13,75448%2,48159%1,27330%89661% 4,65050%
 Q23,63055%2,38276%1,24826%8233% 4,45342%
 Q33,764-14%2,382-26%1,38222%975-33% 4,739-18%
 Q44,29232%2,97041%1,32217%2,642144% 6,93460%
 Year15,44024%10,21524%5,22524%5,33637% 20,77627%
  
2018Q15,81355%4,42278%1,3919%1,953118%7,76667%
 Q24,95136%3,63653%1,3155%1,826122%6,77752%
 Q34,87930%3,46345%1,4162%3,139222%8,01869%
 Q44,3762%3,0172%1,3593%2,306-13%6,682-4%
 Year20,01930%14,53842%5,4815%9,22473%29,24341%
            
2019Q14,901-16%3,445-22%1,4565%2,59233%7,493-4%
Note: Percentages are rounded for tabular purposes
  
Table 1 Summary of Planning Permissions granted, Q1 2009 - Q1 2019
Number of Permissions Total Floor Area (000 sq.m)
 New Construction    New Construction  
Period DwellingsOtherExtensionAlteration and ConversionTotal  DwellingsOtherExtensionTotal1
2009Q 13,2751,2312,4994817,486 2,0908704593,419
 Q 22,6891,1582,4055046,756 1,7538722812,906
 Q 32,5051,2182,4334996,655 1,2739152782,466
 Q 41,9119081,8854335,137 8124081791,399
 Year10,3804,5159,2221,91726,034 5,9283,0651,19710,190
           
2010Q 11,7687751,6173594,519 8443031811,328
 Q 21,5137721,9963944,675 7765532321,561
 Q 3 1,6348662,3194535,272 7274152711,412
 Q 41,4327921,7783714,373 514254186955
 Year6,3473,2057,7101,57718,839 2,8611,5258705,256
          
2011Q 11,2777001,6374054,019 5993762021,177
 Q 21,2647211,8663934,244 5604522091,222
 Q 3 1,2718621,8964174,446 465288216969
 Q 49556811,3123353,283 357214137708
 Year4,7672,9646,7111,55015,992 1,9821,3307654,077
            
2012Q 19576951,3393773,368 279283173734
 Q 29428281,5493533,672 284341199824
 Q 39071,0501,6804104,047 312346219877
 Q 48378341,3413083,320 325261177763
 Year3,6433,4075,9091,44814,407 1,1991,2317683,198
            
2013Q 18627851,2963323,275 394366169930
 Q 27727541,4893533,368 333331170834
 Q 39319041,6653753,875 282312229823
 Q 47519881,2453993,383 295297159751
 Year3,3163,4315,6951,45913,901 1,3051,3067273,338
            
2014Q 18911,0061,3965403,833 336229180744
 Q 28751,0911,5905934,149 296242174712
 Q 39621,1831,7054784,328 366379228974
 Q 48781,0191,2613463,504 368214172754
 Year3,6064,2995,9521,95715,814 1,3661,0647543,184
            
2015Q 11,0661,0461,4543353,901 525243206973
 Q 29911,0211,6633724,047 5273212161,065
 Q 31,1281,4921,9424475,009 4945682931,354
 Q 41,0841,5651,4134084,470 6016871801,468
 Year4,2695,1246,4721,56217,427 2,1471,8198954,861
            
2016Q 11,1691,6951,6803704,914 5025222561,280
 Q 21,2031,7581,8494265,236 5544602311,245
 Q 31,4031,9742,1985516,126 8456292621,736
 Q 41,3411,5171,5104554,823 6844501911,325
 Year5,1166,9447,2371,80221,099 2,5852,0629405,586
            
2017Q 11,5231,9061,7677635,959 7604212791,461
 Q 21,4842,0901,9048016,279 6985312271,455
 Q 31,6702,0462,1661,0026,884 7614473021,510
 Q 41,5911,8991,6008715,961 9624182131,593
 Year6,2687,9417,4373,43725,083 3,1811,8171,0216,019
            
2018Q 11,7141,7771,6588726,021 1,1715722201,964
 Q 21,6392,0852,0591,0406,823 9966062551,857
 Q 31,8132,2572,2231,1477,440 1,0976532602,010
 Q 41,6781,8831,7509896,300 9084942701,672
 Year6,8448,0027,6904,04826,584 4,1722,3251,0067,503
            
2019Q 11,8232,0431,9241,1536,943 1,0366072041,847
1 For categories where floor area is a relevant measure
Table 2 Summary of Planning Permissions granted, Q1 2019, classified by region, county and type of development
Number of Permissions  Total Floor Area (000 sq.m)
 New Construction New Construction  
Planning Region and CountyDwellings Other  ExtensionAlteration and ConversionTotal DwellingsOther  ExtensionTotal1
Northern and Western4754213471361,379 15714040338
           
Border20423014855637 7811019207
Cavan3441346115 1841564
Donegal97686016241 257840
Leitrim52410443 1113
Monaghan4368199139 2760391
Sligo2529252099 6129
           
West27119119981742 793121131
Galway City1410372182 110213
Galway2155898232358 4110859
Mayo73445214183 2016744
Roscommon29482814119 74314
           
Southern 7288036333592,523 38118679647
           
Mid-West21320818777685 796422165
Clare70535322198 2417850
Limerick82697333257 3429972
Tipperary61866122230 2118544
           
South-East20618415271613 1095221182
Carlow242917777 1011425
Kilkenny54503627167 283435
Waterford33364113123 97622
Wexford95695824246 62327101
           
South-West3094112942111,225 1937037300
Cork City1126312997 2118242
Cork2225295198138856 1434526214
Kerry73906544272 297844
           
Eastern and Midland6208199446583,041 49728185862
           
Dublin1964526334791,760 23618550471
Dublin City76251293285905 836524172
Dun Laoghaire- Rathdown5597146107405 107498164
Fingal416611158276 345414101
South Dublin24388329174 1217534
           
Mid-East260250228134872 1986025282
Louth48393223142 157629
Kildare67708867292 655878
Meath89844821242 5728590
Wicklow56576023196 6019685
           
Midland1641178345409 643510109
Laois55402314132 3322257
Longford322823790 83314
Offaly47232312105 134219
Westmeath3026141282 106318
           
State1,8232,0431,9241,1536,943 1,0366072041,847
1 For categories where floor area is a relevant measure
2 Excluding cities
- No permissions
NOTE: 0 implies less than 500 sq.m
Table 3(a) Number of Planning Permissions granted, Q1 2019, classified by region, type of development and functional category
 Functional Category 
Type of Development and Planning RegionDwellingsCommercial BuildingsBuildings for AgricultureIndustrial BuildingsGovt-, Health and EducationOther Buildings for Social UseCivil Eng.OtherTotal
New Construction         
          
Northern and Western475148818115129156896
Border2047508738075434
West27173810424981462
         
Southern72828118361492633351,531
Mid-West21344110125991421
South-East20610266636172390
South West30914512074143172720
          
Eastern and Midland62047483115171894721,439
Dublin196303187871315648
Mid-East2601428106573114510
Midland1643173244543281
         
State1,823892548540315819633,866
         
Extension         
         
Northern and Western2681713161716--347
Border11259877--148
West1561248109--199
         
Southern4894017204027--633
Mid-West1481135119--187
South-East113135678--152
South West22816992210--294
         
Eastern and Midland831468123314--944
Dublin58626-5124--633
Mid-East1881434145--228
Midland5765375--83
         
State1,58810338489057--1,924
          
Alteration and Conversion         
          
Northern and Western7135-41016--136
Border3210-445--55
West3925--611--81
         
Southern23575282415--359
Mid-West4619--93--77
South-East4220-144--71
South West1473627118--211
         
Eastern and Midland458133163723--658
Dublin35789-21813--479
Mid-East7636-2146--134
Midland2581254--45
         
State7642433187154--1,153
         
All Developments         
          
Northern and Western814661013838371291561,379
Border34822592018158075637
West46644421820224981742
         
Southern1,4521431376478512633352,523
Mid-West40734441521145991685
South-East36143311317156172613
South West68466623640221431721,225
         
Eastern and Midland1,909226574985541894723,041
Dublin1,1391453253725713151,760
Mid-East524643116341673114872
Midland2461723814134543409
          
State4,1754352951512011425819636,943
- No permissions         
Table 3(b) Total Floor Area Planned (000 sq.m) in new construction and extensions, Q1 2019, classified by region and functional category
Functional Category 
Type of Development and Planning RegionDwellingsCommercial BuildingsBuildings for AgricultureIndustrial BuildingsGovt., Health and EducationOther Buildings for Social UseTotal1
New Construction       
        
Northern and Western15761012480298
Border781792280188
West79522210110
       
Southern38139756372567
Mid-West791243900143
South-East10917211031161
South West19322301440263
       
Eastern and Midland49713544393132778
Dublin2361251141628421
Mid-East1988327103258
Midland64111184199
        
State103618022012746341643
       
Extension       
       
Northern and Western202483240
Border90431119
West112142121
       
Southern331251610479
Mid-West103152122
South-East86231121
South West162277237
       
Eastern and Midland441611111285
Dublin2613-84150
Mid-East132126125
Midland51112010
       
State98301134248204
        
Total New Construction and Extension       
       
Northern and Western177810632123338
Border871832591207
West90723732131
       
Southern415517979176647
Mid-West894244431165
South-East11723231442182
South West209243222103300
       
Eastern and Midland54115145504134862
Dublin2611381222029471
Mid-East21110339164282
Midland692112061109
        
State113321023016170431847
1 For categories where floor area is a relevant measure
- No permissions
NOTE: 0 implies less than 500 sq.m
Table 4 Summary of Planning Permissions Granted for new houses and apartments, Q1 2009 - Q1 2019
All Housesof which Multi-Development Housesof which One-Off HousesApartments
Number of PermissionsNumber of UnitsFloor Area (000 m2)Average Floor Area per Unit (m2)Number of PermissionsNumber of UnitsFloor Area (000 m2)Average Floor Area per Unit (m2)Number of PermissionsNumber of UnitsFloor Area (000 m2)Average Floor Area per Unit (m2)Number of PermissionsNumber of UnitsFloor Area (000 m2)Average Floor Area per Unit (m2)
                
2009Q 13,02510,2561,687164.52827,513995132.42,7432,743692252.42373,92138297.4
Q 22,4757,7391,273164.52375,501707128.52,2382,238566252.92025,09246791.7
Q 32,3045,362963179.61963,254434133.32,1082,108529251.11953,22230694.9
Q 41,7633,457669193.41391,833252137.71,6241,624416256.31371,50713187
Year9,56726,8144,592171.385418,1012,388131.98,7138,7132,203252.877113,7421,28693.6
                
2010Q 11,6643,585667186.21122,033280137.51,5521,552388249.9921,92516384.5
 Q 21,3953,043548180.0951,743219125.41,3001,300329253.21152,33522897.6
 Q 31,5372,817552196.0941,374192139.41,4431,443361249.9891,82416791.6
 Q 41,3622,159441204.475872122139.71,2871,287319248.2657907190.4
 Year5,95811,6042,208190.33766,022813135.55,5825,5821,397250.33616,87462991.5
                  
2011Q 11,2053,075528171.7781,948246126.21,1271,127282250.36759265109.2
 Q 21,1972,599487187.3711,473204138.81,1261,126282250.7637117098.9
 Q 3 1,2071,887389206.483763111145.91,1241,124278247.55662573117.5
 Q 49071,537302196.34167186128.6866866210249.0436195487.9
 Year4,5169,0981,706187.52734,855647133.44,2434,2431,058249.42292,547263103.2
                  
2012Q 19021,263268212.43439553134.7868868215247.84992780.8
 Q 28751,166257220.04533648143.2830830208251.26224024101.8
 Q 38571,540302196.156739107145.4801801194242.84798885.1
 Q 47881,420283199.43766996143.2751751187249.5464314092.5
 Year3,4225,3891,110206.01722,139305142.43,2503,250805247.82048618093.0
                  
2013Q 18181,860345185.7451,087155142.6773773190246.24044846102.1
 Q 27271,496280187.143812109134.5684684171249.64043050116.9
 Q 38641,252266212.64543363146.6819819203247.5641571276.6
 Q 46941,394270193.654754109144.1640640161252.0531621593.6
 Year3,1036,0021,161193.51873,086436141.42,9162,916725248.61971,197123103.0
                  
2014Q 18351,446296204.661672106157.3774774190245.7491581596.9
 Q 28091,492283190.05774099133.2752752185245.9631141084.9
 Q 38871,783330185.266962134138.9821821197239.6653613186.9
 Q 48041,905352184.5551,156166143.2749749186248.3691521385.3
 Year3,3356,6261,261190.32393,530503142.63,0963,096758244.82467856988.3
                  
2015Q 19772,514454180.6691,606232144.3908908222244.8826996897.2
 Q 29132,637475180.0921,816277152.5821821198241.0734734799.7
 Q 31,0362,345419178.6861,395189135.2950950230242.4853593289.2
 Q 49952,754481174.7821,841259140.5913913222243.5861,26311994.2
 Year3,92110,2501,829178.43296,658956143.63,5923,592873243.03262,79426695.2
                  
2016Q 11,0722,534445175.7941,556209134.2978978236241.8905575090.1
 Q 21,0902,340422180.31001,350188139.0990990234236.61078017188.0
 Q 31,2734,362703161.11443,233434134.21,1291,129269238.41261,45212687.0
 Q 41,2343,245559172.41012,112281133.31,1331,133278245.41021,08410496.4
 Year 4,66912,4812,129170.64398,2511,112134.74,2304,2301,018240.64253,89435290.3
                  
2017Q 11,3873,754650173.11142,481341137.61,2731,273308242.11268968393.1
 Q 21,3693,630611168.41212,382310130.01,2481,248302241.81078237084.8
 Q 3 1,5163,764631167.61342,382302126.81,3821,382329237.81469759091.9
 Q 41,4544,292719167.41322,970404135.91,3221,322315238.31312,64221581.5
 Year5,72615,4402,610169.150110,2151,357132.85,2255,2251,254239.95105,33645885.9
     
2018Q 11,5385,813895154.01474,422564127.51,3911,391331238.01621,95316886.0
 Q 21,4644,951794160.41493,636482132.61,3151,315312237.11611,82616691.0
 Q 3 1,5934,879777159.31773,463442127.61,4161,416335236.92113,13927888.7
 Q 41,5094,376708161.81503,017385127.71,3591,359323237.41602,30619082.2
 Year6,10420,0193,174158.662314,5381,873128.95,4815,4811,301237.36949,22480287.0
                  
2019Q 11,6144,901786160.41583,445446129.51,4561,456340233.71962,59222687.1
                  

Background Notes

Scope and Background

Details of the scope and background of this series were given in the March 1973 Statistical Bulletin. The Planning and Development Acts 1963 - 2000, imposes certain requirements on builders, developers and all other persons who propose to build or develop and specifies that a planning permission must be obtained from the relevant Planning Authority.

Local authority building (including housing) is exempt in the case where construction takes place in the Authorities’ own area. Therefore, works undertaken by a local authority outside its functional area come within the scope of the Acts, and need planning permission. Planning permission is also needed for development by the State, except where the consultation procedures provided for in the Local Government (Planning and Development) Act, 1993 obtain (e.g. national security, public safety or order, the administration of justice etc). This series only provides coverage where development is subject to the requirement to obtain planning permission.

This series is also available using the interactive tables in StatBank on the CSO website. 

Regions

The Local Government Act 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993, which came into operation on 1 January 1994, established eight new Regions. The CSO has adopted these in place of the old Planning Regions as the basis for the regional breakdown of planning permissions data. 

Classification

Planning permissions are classified by type of development, local authority district and by regional authority.  A distinction is made between residential and non-residential building and civil engineering. 

Coverage

Only final grants of permission or approvals are covered, i.e. only works which involve construction.  The following permissions are excluded since they do not entail construction per se:

  • Changes of a technical and business nature as distinct from a building or structural nature;
  • Outline permission;
  • Retention of an existing building;
  • Changes to existing plan;
  • Bye-law permission;
  • Refusals - permissions subsequently granted on appeal by An Bord Pleanála are included.  

Rounding

As the figures for floor area have been rounded there may be slight discrepancies between the sum of the constituent items and the totals shown.

Estimates are included where complete details of floor area size are not available.  

NUTS2 and NUTS3 Regions

The regional classifications in this release are based on the NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) classification used by Eurostat. The classification was drawn up by Eurostat in order to define territorial units for the production of regional statistics across the European Union. In 2003, the EU Member States, the European Parliament and the Commission established the NUTS regions within a legal framework (Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003).
Revisions were made to the NUTS boundaries in 2016 and were given legal status under Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/2066 amending annexes to NUTS Regulation 1059/2003. Under this revision the NUTS 2 Regions comprise the Regional Assemblies established under the Local Government Act 1991 (Regional Assemblies) (Establishment) Order 2014 (SI No. 573 of 2014). The NUTS 3 Regions are groupings of 31 administrative counties, and nest into the NUTS 2 Regions.

Nuts 2 Region   Nuts 2 Region   Nuts 2 Region  
           
Northern and Western   Southern   Eastern and Midland  
           
Nuts 3 Region   Nuts 3 Region   Nuts 3 Region  
Border Cavan Mid-West Clare Dublin Dublin
  Donegal   Limerick   Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown
  Leitrim   Tipperary   Fingal
  Monaghan       South Dublin
  Sligo        
           
West Galway City South-East Carlow Mid-East Louth
  Galway County   Kilkenny   Kildare
  Mayo   Waterford   Meath
  Roscommon   Wexford   Wicklow
           
    South-West Cork City Midland Laois
      Cork County   Longford
      Kerry   Offaly
          Westmeath

 

Strategic Housing Development Planning Applications 

Planning applications for housing developments of more than 100 residential units and 200 plus student bed spaces can now be made directly to An Bord Pleanála. New legislation which allows for this type of application was enacted on 19th December 2016 and the associated regulations come in to effect on 3rd July 2017. This new type of application has been introduced as part of Rebuilding Ireland to speed up the planning application process and accelerate delivery of larger housing and student accommodation proposals. For more information see An Bord Pleanala website

Comparison with other national series

There are differences (due to coverage, timing, definitions and other factors) between the planning permissions statistics produced by the CSO and those of the Department of Housing, Planning, Community and Local Government (DHPCLG), resulting in different but complementary sets of data aimed at meeting the needs of different users.

The planning permissions statistics produced by the DHPCLG focus on the overall process of the planning permissions system.  For example, it provides data for each planning authority on invalid applications received, applications for outline and full permission, decisions to grant /refuse permission, decisions issued within the statutory eight week period, decisions deferred. Percentages for decisions are provided.

By contrast, the planning permissions statistics published by the CSO provide a detailed breakdown of certain outputs of the planning process (number of  planning permissions granted with the number of units, functional description, and their floor areas).  Only final grants of permission for works which involve construction are covered. Refusals, retentions and outline permissions, for example, are excluded.  See under the heading Coverage above for a full list of exclusions.

The example of an application for a shopping centre with a car park illustrates how different approaches can result in a different total for the number of planning permissions granted. The CSO statistics include a breakdown into types of planning permission received and would therefore treat the case as an application for two permissions, one for a shopping centre and one for a car park. Where the statistics compiled do not involve such a breakdown, as is the case with the DHPCLG, the application would be treated as one for a single permission.

The purpose of the CSO Planning Permissions Statistics is to provide a short-term indicator on construction.  It aims to provide data enabling some prediction of or insight into the amount of building activity about to take place in the State. 

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