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For more information on this release:
E-mail: labour@cso.ie Sabrina Bowen +353 21 453 5151 Catalina Gonzalez +353 21 453 5163
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-8456
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Monthly Unemployment

September 2016

 Seasonally adjusted number of persons unemployed Seasonally adjusted unemployment rate (%)
September 2015196,900 9.1
August 2016180,200 8.2
September 2016172,900 7.9
   Percentage Points
Change in month- 7,300 - 0.3
Change in year- 24,000 - 1.2

Monthly unemployment rate of 7.9% in September 2016

Monthly unemployment rate seasonally adjusted
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The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for September 2016 was 7.9%, down from the revised 8.2% in August 2016 and down from 9.1% in September 2015. The seasonally adjusted number of persons unemployed was 172,900 in September 2016, down from 180,200 when compared to the August 2016 figure and a decrease of 24,000 when compared to September 2015. 

Summary points for September

  • In September 2016 the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was 9.2% for males, down from 9.4% August 2016 and down from 10.6% in September 2015.
  • The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for females in September 2016 was 6.4%, down from 6.8% in August 2016 and down from 7.3% in September 2015.
  • The seasonally adjusted number of males unemployed in September 2016 was 109,400. This is a decrease of 3,500 when compared to the August 2016 figure of 112,900. In September 2016 the seasonally adjusted number of females unemployed was 63,500, a decrease of 3,800 when compared to August 2016.
  • The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for persons aged 15-24 years (youth unemployment rate) was 15.9% in September 2016, a decrease from 17.0% in August 2016.

The data in this release are subject to revision, caused by updates to the seasonally adjusted series whenever new monthly data are added. In addition it should be noted that larger revisions can occur when the most recent Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) data are included in the calculation process. Revised figures will be produced upon the publication of each new set of benchmark figures from the QNHS and these revisions will be included in the QNHS release.

 

Table 1a Seasonally adjusted monthly unemployment by sex - All persons aged 15-74 years
          
   Number of persons Unemployment rate (%)
   MalesFemalesAll Persons MalesFemalesAll Persons
2014September144,90089,200234,100 12.39.210.9
 October142,10085,800227,900 12.08.910.6
 November139,40082,800222,100 11.88.610.3
 December138,60081,500220,000 11.78.510.2
         
2015January138,40080,500219,000 11.78.410.2
 February136,70079,700216,400 11.58.310.1
 March134,40078,400212,800 11.38.19.9
 April131,20078,500209,600 11.18.19.7
 May128,40077,700206,100 10.88.09.6
 June126,50075,200201,800 10.77.89.4
 July124,70072,600197,300 10.57.59.2
 August125,10070,600195,700 10.57.39.1
 September126,50070,400196,900 10.67.39.1
 October127,70070,500198,200 10.77.29.2
 November127,50069,200196,700 10.77.19.1
 December126,40067,600194,000 10.66.99.0
         
2016January120,50064,100184,600 10.26.68.5
 February117,70063,000180,700 9.96.58.4
 March115,90064,100180,000 9.76.58.3
 April115,10066,300181,400 9.66.78.3
 May114,70068,000182,700 9.66.98.3
 June114,00069,500183,500 9.57.08.4
 July113,70068,600182,300 9.56.98.3
 August112,90067,300180,200 9.46.88.2
 September109,40063,500172,900 9.26.47.9
Table 1b Seasonally adjusted monthly unemployment by sex - persons aged 15-24 years
          
   Number of persons Unemployment rate (%)
   MalesFemalesAll Persons MalesFemalesAll Persons
2014September26,30017,10043,400 25.818.722.4
 October26,40016,00042,400 25.417.721.8
 November26,50015,60042,100 25.317.421.6
 December26,40015,90042,200 24.917.821.7
         
2015January27,10016,30043,400 25.318.622.3
 February26,70016,40043,100 25.019.122.4
 March25,70016,00041,700 24.518.721.9
 April24,20015,40039,600 23.718.221.2
 May23,20015,00038,200 23.017.720.6
 June22,90014,70037,600 22.817.320.2
 July23,00014,90037,900 22.817.220.2
 August23,50014,90038,400 23.117.420.5
 September24,20015,20039,400 23.717.720.9
 October24,00014,90038,900 23.717.320.8
 November23,80014,40038,100 23.716.720.5
 December22,70013,60036,300 22.715.719.5
         
2016January21,30011,90033,200 21.213.917.9
 February20,90011,50032,500 20.513.417.2
 March20,80012,20033,100 19.913.516.9
 April21,60013,40035,000 19.914.017.1
 May21,80014,20036,000 19.814.517.3
 June21,70015,20036,900 19.915.617.9
 July21,30015,40036,700 19.415.617.6
 August20,60014,70035,200 18.815.017.0
 September19,30013,10032,400 17.913.715.9
Table 1c Seasonally adjusted monthly unemployment by sex - persons aged 25-74 years
          
   Number of persons Unemployment rate (%)
   MalesFemalesAll Persons MalesFemalesAll Persons
2014September118,60072,100190,700 11.08.29.8
 October115,70069,800185,500 10.78.09.5
 November112,80067,200180,000 10.57.79.2
 December112,20065,600177,800 10.47.59.1
         
2015January111,30064,200175,500 10.37.39.0
 February110,00063,300173,300 10.27.28.9
 March108,70062,400171,100 10.07.18.7
 April107,00063,100170,100 9.97.28.6
 May105,20062,700168,000 9.77.18.5
 June103,70060,500164,200 9.56.98.3
 July101,70057,700159,400 9.46.58.1
 August101,60055,700157,300 9.46.38.0
 September102,30055,200157,500 9.46.28.0
 October103,70055,600159,300 9.56.38.1
 November103,70054,800158,500 9.56.28.0
 December103,70054,000157,700 9.56.18.0
         
2016January99,10052,200151,400 9.15.97.7
 February96,80051,400148,300 8.95.87.5
 March95,10051,900147,000 8.85.87.4
 April93,50052,900146,400 8.65.97.4
 May92,90053,800146,700 8.56.07.4
 June92,30054,300146,500 8.56.17.4
 July92,40053,300145,600 8.55.97.3
 August92,40052,600145,000 8.55.97.3
 September90,20050,400140,500 8.35.67.1

Background Notes

Purpose

The purpose of this release is to provide a detailed series of monthly unemployment estimates. The release contains both monthly unemployment rates and monthly unemployment volumes. These outputs now replace the seasonally adjusted Standardised Unemployment Rate (SUR) as the definitive measure of monthly unemployment.

Calculation of Monthly Estimates:

The Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) provides benchmark estimates of employment and unemployment for each quarter since the beginning of 1998. These quarterly benchmark estimates are then used to compile monthly data using the Proportional Denton method. The main characteristic of this method is that the monthly Live Register series is used as an indicator to disaggregate the quarterly QNHS unemployment series into a monthly series in such a way as to minimise the differences between two consecutive months. It also ensures that the average of three months in a particular calendar quarter is equal to the corresponding QNHS estimate.

For months where the quarterly unemployment data is not yet available, the ratio of the QNHS monthly estimate to the Live Register monthly estimate (i.e. the benchmark to indicator ratio) is forecast forward in order to extrapolate a monthly QNHS estimate. The monthly series is revised each quarter when the latest quarterly data becomes available. This approach adheres to agreed international practice.

Seasonal Adjustment:

To correct for typical seasonal patterns, the data series included have been concurrently seasonally adjusted. This seasonal adjustment is completed by applying the X-12-ARIMA model, developed by the U.S. Census Bureau. In the case of these monthly unemployment estimates, seasonal adjustment is conducted using the indirect approach, where each individual series is independently adjusted.  To preserve consistency between the individual and aggregate series, the series for gender, age group and total monthly unemployed are then created from these component series. The series for monthly unemployment rates are likewise created from these component series.

One-Parent Family Payment (OFP)

The One-Parent Family Payment is a social welfare payment for men and women who are younger than 66 and bring up children without the support of a partner and meet certain other criteria. Claimants on this scheme are not counted as part of the Live Register.

From July 2013 new rules came into operation reducing the age limits for the One-Parent Family Payment. This means that some people no longer qualify for the payment and may avail of other schemes or supports.

As a consequence, approximately 2,800 people in July 2015 previously receiving the One-Parent Family Payment, made a claim for Jobseekers Allowance (JA) and are therefore included in the Live Register figures which are used to extrapolate a monthly QNHS estimate as the quarterly unemployment data is not yet available. It can be noted that the inclusion of these additional persons in July 2015 has a marginal impact on the production of the estimated monthly unemployment volume and rate.

Additional Background Information:

Further information regarding the QNHS and Live Register series are available from each respective release.

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