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For more information on this release:
E-mail: labour@cso.ie Jim Dalton (+353) 21 453 5623 Martina O'Callaghan (+353) 21 453 5491
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 On-line ISSN 2009-7603
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Labour Force Survey Households and Family Units

Quarter 2 2013 - Quarter 2 2019

IndicatorQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19Change Q2 18 to Q2 19
Proportion of persons aged 0-17 years living in jobless households18.0%16.1%14.7%13.2%11.9%11.8%11.3% - 0.5 percentage points
Proportion of persons aged 18-59 years living in jobless households14.6%13.1%11.8%11.1%9.9%9.5%8.8%- 0.7 percentage points
Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 years living in jobless households15.7%14.0%12.7%11.7%10.5%10.2%9.6% - 0.6 percentage points

Just under 10% of persons aged under 60 years were living in jobless households in Q2 2019

Figure 1 Proportion of Persons aged 18-59 years  living in jobless households
go to full release

In Q2 2019, 9.6% of persons aged 0-59 years were living in jobless households compared to 10.2% in Q2 2018. The share of persons aged 18-59 years living in jobless households in Q2 2019 was 8.8% compared with 9.5% in Q2 2018. The share of persons aged 0-17 years living in jobless households in Q2 2019 was 11.3% compared with 11.8% in Q2 2018. See Table 1 and Figure 1.

Of the eight NUTS3 Regions, Dublin had the lowest proportion of persons aged 0-59 years living in jobless households (7.1%) in Q2 2019, while the Midland region had the highest proportion (15.4%). See Table 1.

Over half of households consisted of no more than 2 persons

One and two-person households together accounted for more than half (56.9%) of all the households in the State in Q2 2019. The Border region had the highest proportion of households with two persons or less at 60.6% while the Mid-East region had the lowest at 49.5%. Three out of every ten (31.9%) households contained between three and four persons and 11.2% contained five or more persons. See Table 2 and 3.

 

Nearly three out of every ten households consisted of just one person

In Q2 2019, nearly three out of every ten (27.6%) households in the State or 525,800 were single person households. Just over a fifth (20.9%) or 397,900 consisted of a couple without children and a third (33.9%) or 645,100 consisted of a couple with children. Finally, 12.1% or 230,200 consisted of lone parent households. See Table 6.

Over six out of every ten adult members of family units were employed

There were 2,393,600 adult members of family units in Q2 2019. Of the total, 1,547,500 (64.7%) were classified as employed. Nearly half (49.0%) of adults in family units without children were employed while the corresponding share for those in couples with children and in lone parent family units were 75.8% and 57.9% respectively. See Tables 7 and 8.

There were 54,500 adults in family units who were classified as unemployed in Q2 2019 and this represented 2.3% of the total number of adult members of family units. The proportion of adults who were unemployed in lone parent family units was the highest at 3.9% while the lowest was for those in family units without children at 1.5%.

Just over a third (33.1%) of all adults in family units were not in the Labour Force.

 Marginal increase in employment rate for adult members of family units

There was a marginal increase in the employment rate for adult members of family units without children from 75.7% to 75.8% in the year to Q2 2019. See Tables 9 and 10.

The employment rate of adult members of family units with children (which includes couples with children and lone parents) was 76.4% and this showed a very slight increase from Q2 2018. The employment rate for adult members of couples with children was unchanged over the year at 78.5% while the rate for lone parents increased from 63.0% to 64.3%. See Table 9 and 10.

The employment rate for all persons aged 15-64 was 69.1% in Q2 2019 and this was up from the 68.5% recorded in Q2 2018. See Tables 9 and 10.

Falling unemployment rate among family unit categories

The unemployment rate for all persons aged 15-74 fell from 6.0% to 5.4% in the year to Q2 2019. Adults in family units without children recorded an unemployment rate of 2.9%, down from 3.8% a year earlier while the rate for adult members of family units with children fell from 4.1% to 3.6% over the same period. Within the family units with children category, the unemployment rate for adult members of couples with children fell from 3.6% to 3.2% while the rate for adult members of lone parent family units was down from to 8.2% to 6.3%.  See Table 11 and 12.

Participation rates falling in some family unit categories

The participation rate for adults in some family unit categories declined in the year to Q2 2019. The participation rate for adults in family units without children fell from 52.2% to 50.5% over the year while the rate for adults in couples with children fell from 78.6% to 78.2%. The participation rate for adults in lone parent family units was down from 62.1% to 61.8% over the same period. See Table 13 and 14.

On the other hand, the participation for adults in single person households increased from 43.8% to 46.7% over the same period. See Table 14.

Table 1 Proportion of persons in jobless households by NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions, age and gender
%
Region/ Jobless householdsQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Northern and Western
Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household18.817.114.512.413.911.911.3
Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household14.914.210.710.910.210.29.0
Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household15.915.012.812.112.911.29.9
Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households15.414.611.811.511.510.79.5
Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households16.515.412.611.812.311.110.1
     Border
     Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household22.316.814.611.713.78.49.3
     Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household16.215.010.510.89.99.38.6
     Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household17.314.212.712.313.29.69.6
     Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households16.714.611.611.611.69.59.1
     Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households18.515.312.611.612.39.19.2
     West
     Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household15.617.414.413.014.015.113.2
     Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household13.813.510.811.010.411.09.4
     Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household14.715.713.011.812.512.610.2
     Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households14.314.611.911.411.511.89.8
     Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households14.715.512.711.912.312.810.9
 
Southern
Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household17.115.414.412.410.711.412.7
Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household14.512.511.711.49.48.89.9
Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household15.415.013.211.79.511.411.4
Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households15.013.812.511.59.510.110.6
Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households15.614.313.011.89.910.511.3
     Mid-West
     Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household16.615.812.611.713.111.512.6
     Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household14.612.312.012.19.78.29.2
     Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household14.913.813.111.411.611.811.3
     Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households14.713.112.611.810.710.010.2
     Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households15.313.912.611.711.410.511.0
     South-East
     Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household21.115.714.711.011.011.512.0
     Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household19.113.611.912.212.210.89.5
     Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household19.216.915.311.610.814.614.3
     Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households19.215.313.611.911.512.711.9
     Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households19.815.414.011.611.312.312.0
     South-West
     Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household14.914.815.313.88.911.213.1
     Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household11.612.011.510.47.58.010.6
     Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household13.614.711.911.97.49.39.7
     Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households12.613.311.711.27.58.710.1
     Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households13.313.812.812.07.99.511.0
 
Eastern and Midland
Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household18.216.115.114.011.912.010.5
Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household13.711.010.810.19.08.26.1
Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household14.613.211.811.310.19.38.7
Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households14.212.111.310.79.68.87.4
Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households15.413.312.411.710.39.78.3
     Dublin
     Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household17.916.316.115.212.711.59.7
     Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household12.79.69.89.38.57.35.1
     Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household13.811.711.011.19.68.07.2
     Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households13.310.610.410.29.17.76.2
     Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households14.512.212.011.610.18.77.1
     Mid-East
     Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household18.615.513.512.59.79.58.7
     Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household12.911.310.49.57.57.55.7
     Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household15.013.811.610.28.98.58.7
     Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households14.012.611.09.88.28.07.2
     Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households15.513.511.810.78.78.57.7
     Midland
      Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household18.517.215.113.314.320.017.6
      Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household19.917.216.715.214.514.012.3
      Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household17.719.116.715.415.817.816.2
      Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households18.818.116.715.315.115.914.2
     Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households18.717.816.114.614.917.215.4
 
State
Proportion of persons aged 0-17 living in jobless household18.016.114.713.211.911.811.3
Proportion of male persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household14.212.111.110.79.38.77.8
Proportion of female persons aged 18-59 living in jobless household15.114.112.411.610.410.39.8
Proportion of persons aged 18-59 living in jobless households14.613.111.811.19.99.58.8
 Proportion of all persons aged 0-59 living in jobless households15.714.012.711.710.510.29.6
Note: Households consisting entirely of persons aged 18-24, all of whom have indicated that their Principal Economic Status is Student, are excluded from the above calculations
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Note: The composition of the NUTS regions changed in 2016 and took effect in the LFS from Q1 2018. Data from Q1 2012 to Q4 2017 has also been revised to reflect these changes. Please see background notes of the Q1 2018 LFS release for additional information.
Table 2 Number of households classified by NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions and Size of Household
'000
Region/ Household size Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Northern and Western
 1 person 81.777.872.578.180.194.7103.5
 2 persons 95.392.689.7100.4102.595.8103.0
 3 persons 53.550.251.352.451.452.753.3
 4 persons 44.349.449.145.945.546.651.1
 5 persons 26.626.029.027.728.928.921.6
 6 or more persons 14.014.013.512.913.113.313.9
 Total households 315.5310.0305.2317.4321.7331.9346.5
     Border
      1 person 41.835.933.935.942.145.648.4
      2 persons 43.243.641.848.346.243.449.2
      3 persons 23.724.223.623.725.425.223.1
      4 persons 19.821.922.919.720.920.622.1
      5 persons 13.913.214.113.412.314.711.7
      6 or more persons 6.96.56.46.96.7[6.1]7.0
      Total households 149.2145.3142.8147.9153.6155.5161.5
     West
      1 person 39.941.938.642.238.049.255.1
      2 persons 52.149.147.952.156.452.453.8
      3 persons 29.826.027.728.726.027.530.1
      4 persons 24.527.526.226.224.625.929.0
      5 persons 12.812.814.914.316.614.39.9
      6 or more persons 7.17.57.16.16.57.17.0
      Total households 166.2164.7162.4169.5168.1176.4184.9
 
Southern
 1 person 135.9130.0140.1144.9141.3166.5178.0
 2 persons 179.2178.6174.0166.1178.1178.9190.1
 3 persons 102.7101.9100.7105.796.795.692.9
 4 persons 100.094.996.093.9102.595.098.4
 5 persons 46.151.649.250.348.954.152.5
 6 or more persons 19.720.822.824.524.023.421.1
 Total households 583.5577.7582.9585.6591.5613.5633.0
     Mid-West
      1 person 39.440.440.841.148.650.355.8
      2 persons 53.153.551.349.553.652.858.8
      3 persons 30.631.029.933.828.526.725.2
      4 persons 30.228.229.629.031.027.729.2
      5 persons 14.915.115.613.813.918.216.2
      6 or more persons 6.06.56.87.06.57.0[6.1]
      Total households 174.1174.7174.0174.2182.2182.7191.3
     South-East
      1 person 37.032.238.440.236.641.250.1
      2 persons 49.649.048.746.350.250.146.2
      3 persons 26.726.927.828.524.825.926.4
      4 persons 26.824.224.023.226.725.027.9
      5 persons 12.513.912.414.214.412.213.8
      6 or more persons 4.35.75.96.25.67.9[5.3]
      Total households 157.0151.8157.3158.6158.3162.3169.7
     South-West
      1 person 59.557.460.963.756.274.972.1
      2 persons 76.576.174.070.474.276.085.1
      3 persons 45.444.043.043.543.443.041.3
      4 persons 42.942.442.441.744.842.341.3
      5 persons 18.722.621.222.320.523.822.4
      6 or more persons 9.48.610.211.311.98.59.7
      Total households 252.4251.1251.7252.9251.0268.4272.0
 
Eastern and Midland
 1 person 167.7172.4177.4196.6191.8229.1244.3
 2 persons 241.7249.4241.2239.7243.9260.0263.0
 3 persons 148.9147.9155.8157.5150.4156.2158.6
 4 persons 141.4142.0143.3152.1156.0150.2153.2
 5 persons 69.971.670.876.476.373.171.9
 6 or more persons 32.832.436.028.433.132.232.5
 Total households 802.3815.7824.4850.7851.4900.7923.4
     Dublin
      1 person 99.5106.4110.6119.1118.7152.0158.5
      2 persons 147.9149.2146.2147.9147.7154.7158.6
      3 persons 86.486.889.492.988.293.194.4
      4 persons 79.278.181.085.486.981.882.8
      5 persons 36.939.338.541.240.541.538.5
      6 or more persons 17.517.619.714.818.815.417.9
      Total households 467.3477.4485.4501.2500.9538.5550.6
     Mid-East
      1 person 43.944.042.547.945.448.557.0
      2 persons 63.468.963.361.866.570.671.6
      3 persons 42.840.645.746.042.443.845.3
      4 persons 44.646.746.248.050.049.253.1
      5 persons 23.322.923.426.326.623.823.9
      6 or more persons 11.210.511.29.19.712.28.7
      Total households 229.1233.6232.3239.1240.6248.0259.5
     Midland
      1 person 24.221.924.329.527.728.628.8
      2 persons 30.431.331.630.029.734.732.8
      3 persons 19.720.520.718.719.819.318.9
      4 persons 17.617.216.118.719.019.217.3
      5 persons 9.79.58.88.99.27.79.5
      6 or more persons 4.14.35.1[4.4][4.6][4.7][5.9]
      Total households 105.8104.7106.7110.3109.9114.2113.2
 
State
 1 person 385.3380.2390.0419.6413.2490.2525.8
 2 persons 516.2520.6504.9506.3524.5534.7556.1
 3 persons 305.0300.0307.8315.7298.5304.4304.8
 4 persons 285.7286.3288.4291.9304.0291.7302.7
 5 persons 142.7149.2149.0154.4154.0156.1146.0
 6 or more persons 66.567.272.365.970.368.967.5
 Total households 1,701.31,703.41,712.51,753.61,764.51,846.11,902.9
Note: The average grossing factor of all members of a household is used to calculate the number of households. The number of households should be treated as indicative only.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Note: The composition of the NUTS regions changed in 2016 and took effect in the LFS from Q1 2018. Data from Q1 2012 to Q4 2017 has also been revised to reflect these changes. Please see background notes of the Q1 2018 LFS release for additional information.
Table 3 Share of households classified by NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions and Size of Household
%
Region/ Household size Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Northern and Western
 1 person 25.925.123.824.624.928.529.9
 2 persons 30.229.929.431.631.928.929.7
 3 persons 17.016.216.816.516.015.915.4
 4 persons 14.015.916.114.514.114.014.7
 5 persons 8.48.49.58.79.08.76.2
 6 or more persons 4.54.54.44.14.14.04.0
 Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Border
      1 person 28.024.723.724.327.429.330.0
      2 persons 28.930.029.332.730.027.930.5
      3 persons 15.916.716.516.016.616.214.3
      4 persons 13.215.116.013.313.613.313.7
      5 persons 9.39.19.99.08.09.47.3
      6 or more persons 4.64.54.54.64.34.04.3
      Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     West
      1 person 24.025.423.824.922.627.929.8
      2 persons 31.329.829.530.733.529.729.1
      3 persons 17.915.817.016.915.515.616.3
      4 persons 14.816.716.215.514.614.715.7
      5 persons 7.77.89.28.49.98.15.4
      6 or more persons 4.34.54.43.63.94.03.8
      Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 
Southern
 1 person 23.322.524.024.723.927.128.1
 2 persons 30.730.929.928.430.129.230.0
 3 persons 17.617.617.318.116.415.614.7
 4 persons 17.116.416.516.017.315.515.5
 5 persons 7.98.98.48.68.38.88.3
 6 or more persons 3.43.63.94.24.13.83.3
 Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Mid-West
      1 person 22.623.123.523.626.727.629.1
      2 persons 30.530.629.528.429.428.930.7
      3 persons 17.617.717.219.415.714.613.2
      4 persons 17.316.117.016.617.015.215.3
      5 persons 8.58.69.07.97.610.08.5
      6 or more persons 3.43.73.94.03.63.93.2
      Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     South-East
      1 person 23.621.224.425.323.125.429.5
      2 persons 31.632.231.029.231.730.927.2
      3 persons 17.017.717.718.015.716.015.6
      4 persons 17.115.915.314.716.915.416.4
      5 persons 8.09.17.99.09.17.58.1
      6 or more persons 2.73.73.73.93.54.93.1
      Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     South-West
      1 person 23.622.924.225.222.427.926.5
      2 persons 30.330.329.427.829.628.331.3
      3 persons 18.017.517.117.217.316.015.2
      4 persons 17.016.916.816.517.915.815.2
      5 persons 7.49.08.48.88.28.98.2
      6 or more persons 3.73.44.04.54.73.23.6
      Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 
Eastern and Midland
 1 person 20.921.121.523.122.525.426.5
 2 persons 30.130.629.328.228.628.928.5
 3 persons 18.618.118.918.517.717.317.2
 4 persons 17.617.417.417.918.316.716.6
 5 persons 8.78.88.69.09.08.17.8
 6 or more persons 4.14.04.43.33.93.63.5
 Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Dublin
      1 person 21.322.322.823.823.728.228.8
      2 persons 31.631.330.129.529.528.728.8
      3 persons 18.518.218.418.517.617.317.1
      4 persons 16.916.416.717.017.315.215.0
      5 persons 7.98.27.98.28.17.77.0
      6 or more persons 3.73.74.13.03.82.93.3
      Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Mid-East
      1 person 19.218.818.320.018.919.521.9
      2 persons 27.729.527.325.927.628.527.6
      3 persons 18.717.419.719.217.617.717.4
      4 persons 19.520.019.920.120.819.820.5
      5 persons 10.29.810.111.011.09.69.2
      6 or more persons 4.94.54.83.84.04.93.3
      Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Midland
      1 person 22.920.922.826.825.225.025.5
      2 persons 28.729.929.627.227.030.328.9
      3 persons 18.619.619.416.918.016.916.7
      4 persons 16.616.515.117.017.316.815.3
      5 persons 9.29.18.38.18.36.88.4
      6 or more persons 3.94.14.84.04.24.15.2
      Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 
State
 1 person 22.622.322.823.923.426.627.6
 2 persons 30.330.629.528.929.729.029.2
 3 persons 17.917.618.018.016.916.516.0
 4 persons 16.816.816.816.617.215.815.9
 5 persons 8.48.88.78.88.78.57.7
 6 or more persons 3.93.94.23.84.03.73.5
 Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Note: The average grossing factor of all members of a household is used to calculate the number of households. The number of households should be treated as indicative only.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Note: The composition of the NUTS regions changed in 2016 and took effect in the LFS from Q1 2018. Data from Q1 2012 to Q4 2017 has also been revised to reflect these changes. Please see background notes of the Q1 2018 LFS release for additional information.
Table 4 Number of households with or without person aged less than 18 by NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions
'000
Region/ Household by age of personsQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Northern and Western
 Household without person aged less than 18202.2199.7190.4206.6210.3223.0231.8
 Household with person aged less than 18113.3110.3114.8110.8111.4109.0114.7
 Total households 315.5310.0305.2317.4321.7331.9346.5
     Border
      Household without person aged less than 1896.391.688.495.299.3104.4108.1
      Household with person aged less than 1853.053.754.552.754.351.153.4
      Total households149.2145.3142.8147.9153.6155.5161.5
     West
      Household without person aged less than 18105.9108.1102.1111.4111.0118.5123.7
      Household with person aged less than 1860.356.660.358.157.157.961.3
      Total households166.2164.7162.4169.5168.1176.4184.9
 
Southern
 Household without person aged less than 18367.6365.7373.2376.1380.8400.1421.7
 Household with person aged less than 18215.9212.0209.8209.5210.7213.4211.4
 Total households 583.5577.7582.9585.6591.5613.5633.0
     Mid-West
      Household without person aged less than 18108.3110.9111.0112.3119.2120.5130.1
      Household with person aged less than 1865.863.862.961.963.062.261.2
      Total households174.1174.7174.0174.2182.2182.7191.3
     South-East
      Household without person aged less than 1898.395.099.5101.499.5105.3111.3
      Household with person aged less than 1858.756.857.857.258.857.058.4
      Total households157.0151.8157.3158.6158.3162.3169.7
     South-West
      Household without person aged less than 18160.9159.7162.7162.4162.1174.3180.3
      Household with person aged less than 1891.591.489.090.588.994.291.7
      Total households252.4251.1251.7252.9251.0268.4272.0
 
Eastern and Midland
 Household without person aged less than 18492.9508.2514.9544.4535.9579.0593.5
 Household with person aged less than 18309.4307.5309.5306.2315.5321.6329.9
 Total households 802.3815.7824.4850.7851.4900.7923.4
     Dublin
      Household without person aged less than 18303.3315.3317.4337.6331.8363.0368.5
      Household with person aged less than 18164.0162.1168.0163.7169.1175.5182.1
      Total households467.3477.4485.4501.2500.9538.5550.6
     Mid-East
      Household without person aged less than 18126.5131.8131.9138.5138.0144.2155.0
      Household with person aged less than 18102.6101.8100.4100.6102.6103.8104.5
      Total households229.1233.6232.3239.1240.6248.0259.5
     Midland
      Household without person aged less than 1863.161.165.668.366.171.970.0
      Household with person aged less than 1842.843.641.241.943.842.343.3
      Total households105.8104.7106.7110.3109.9114.2113.2
 
State
 Household without person aged less than 181,062.71,073.71,078.41,127.11,127.01,202.11,246.9
 Household with person aged less than 18638.6629.8634.0626.6637.5644.0655.9
 Total households 1,701.31,703.41,712.51,753.61,764.51,846.11,902.9
Note: The average grossing factor of all members of a household is used to calculate the number of households. The number of households should be treated as indicative only.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Note: The composition of the NUTS regions changed in 2016 and took effect in the LFS from Q1 2018. Data from Q1 2012 to Q4 2017 has also been revised to reflect these changes. Please see background notes of the Q1 2018 LFS release for additional information.
Table 5 Share of households with or without person aged less than 18 by NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions
%
Region/ Proportional household by age of personsQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Northern and Western
 Household without person aged less than 1864.164.462.465.165.467.266.9
 Household with person aged less than 1835.935.637.634.934.632.833.1
 Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Border
      Household without person aged less than 1864.563.061.964.464.667.266.9
      Household with person aged less than 1835.537.038.135.635.432.833.1
      Total households100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     West
      Household without person aged less than 1863.765.662.965.766.067.266.9
      Household with person aged less than 1836.334.437.134.334.032.833.1
      Total households100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 
Southern
 Household without person aged less than 1863.063.364.064.264.465.266.6
 Household with person aged less than 1837.036.736.035.835.634.833.4
 Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Mid-West
      Household without person aged less than 1862.263.563.864.565.466.068.0
      Household with person aged less than 1837.836.536.235.534.634.032.0
      Total households100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
    South-East
      Household without person aged less than 1862.662.663.264.062.964.965.6
      Household with person aged less than 1837.437.436.836.037.135.134.4
      Total households100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
    South-West
      Household without person aged less than 1863.763.664.664.264.664.966.3
      Household with person aged less than 1836.336.435.435.835.435.133.7
      Total households100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 
Eastern and Midland
 Household without person aged less than 1861.462.362.564.062.964.364.3
 Household with person aged less than 1838.637.737.536.037.135.735.7
 Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Dublin
      Household without person aged less than 1864.966.065.467.366.267.466.9
      Household with person aged less than 1835.134.034.632.733.832.633.1
      Total households100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Mid-East
      Household without person aged less than 1855.256.456.857.957.458.159.7
      Household with person aged less than 1844.843.643.242.142.641.940.3
      Total households100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
     Midland
      Household without person aged less than 1859.658.461.462.060.262.961.8
      Household with person aged less than 1840.441.638.638.039.837.138.2
      Total households100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
 
State         
 Household without person aged less than 1862.563.063.064.363.965.165.5
 Household with person aged less than 1837.537.037.035.736.134.934.5
 Total households 100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Note: The average grossing factor of all members of a household is used to calculate the number of households. The number of households should be treated as indicative only.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Note: The composition of the NUTS regions changed in 2016 and took effect in the LFS from Q1 2018. Data from Q1 2012 to Q4 2017 has also been revised to reflect these changes. Please see background notes of the Q1 2018 LFS release for additional information.
Table 6 Number of households classified by NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions and family units
'000
Region/ Household typeQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Northern and Western
 Single person household81.777.872.578.180.194.7103.5
 Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)69.669.566.675.976.775.374.9
 Couple with children household (with/without other persons)113.5115.4121.5114.7112.8113.8114.7
 Lone parent household (with/without other persons)34.732.332.833.235.333.238.5
 Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)*[2.9]*****
 All other households13.612.09.312.913.812.511.7
 Total households 315.5310.0305.2317.4321.7331.9346.5
     Border
      Single person household41.835.933.935.942.145.648.4
      Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)32.232.930.236.934.134.935.0
      Couple with children household (with/without other persons)54.255.456.153.953.753.652.1
      Lone parent household (with/without other persons)15.915.916.815.518.216.318.5
      Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)*******
      All other households[4.4][3.9][4.3][4.4][4.1]*[5.8]
      Total households 149.2145.3142.8147.9153.6155.5161.5
     West
      Single person household39.941.938.642.238.049.255.1
      Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)37.436.736.439.142.640.539.8
      Couple with children household (with/without other persons)59.460.065.460.759.260.162.6
      Lone parent household (with/without other persons)18.816.416.017.717.216.920.0
      Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)*******
      All other households9.28.15.18.49.68.8[5.9]
      Total households 166.2164.7162.4169.5168.1176.4184.9
 
Southern
 Single person household135.9130.0140.1144.9141.3166.5178.0
 Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)132.3129.3132.0127.4136.7135.3136.7
 Couple with children household (with/without other persons)219.1219.5218.8225.6224.9214.0215.4
 Lone parent household (with/without other persons)65.465.262.162.961.268.575.1
 Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)5.66.16.36.46.68.8[5.7]
 All other households25.327.523.718.320.820.522.3
 Total households 583.5577.7582.9585.6591.5613.5633.0
     Mid-West
      Single person household39.440.440.841.148.650.355.8
      Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)40.140.739.539.139.240.840.9
      Couple with children household (with/without other persons)66.765.168.069.665.663.164.8
      Lone parent household (with/without other persons)18.618.416.317.920.219.720.8
      Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)*******
      All other households7.18.06.9[4.4]7.36.48.1
      Total households 174.1174.7174.0174.2182.2182.7191.3
     South-East
      Single person household37.032.238.440.236.641.250.1
      Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)38.135.835.635.140.037.134.4
      Couple with children household (with/without other persons)57.659.457.258.560.255.561.9
      Lone parent household (with/without other persons)17.417.719.218.215.921.419.6
      Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)*******
      All other households5.75.45.6[4.9]***
      Total households 157.0151.8157.3158.6158.3162.3169.7
     South-West
      Single person household59.557.460.963.756.274.972.1
      Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)54.152.856.953.257.457.461.4
      Couple with children household (with/without other persons)94.895.093.597.599.195.488.7
      Lone parent household (with/without other persons)29.429.126.626.925.027.534.6
      Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)*[2.6][2.8]**[4.0]*
      All other households12.514.111.19.110.19.311.6
      Total households 252.4251.1251.7252.9251.0268.4272.0
 
Eastern and Midland
 Single person household167.7172.4177.4196.6191.8229.1244.3
 Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)171.1176.0176.3177.5169.6191.0186.3
 Couple with children household (with/without other persons)310.6309.5310.8312.0315.1311.3315.0
 Lone parent household (with/without other persons)97.194.996.8100.5105.5110.3116.6
 Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)11.511.414.816.917.415.615.7
 All other households44.451.648.347.252.043.545.4
 Total households 802.3815.7824.4850.7851.4900.7923.4
     Dublin
      Single person household99.5106.4110.6119.1118.7152.0158.5
      Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)99.3101.4103.7106.6103.5111.7106.9
      Couple with children household (with/without other persons)165.9165.4165.1162.4163.6170.0168.0
      Lone parent household (with/without other persons)60.355.357.461.563.460.770.0
      Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)7.88.010.011.712.610.09.7
      All other households34.540.838.639.939.034.037.5
      Total households 467.3477.4485.4501.2500.9538.5550.6
     Mid-East
      Single person household43.944.042.547.945.448.557.0
      Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)48.151.548.048.047.053.753.9
      Couple with children household (with/without other persons)103.0100.8103.4106.6107.8101.4105.0
      Lone parent household (with/without other persons)24.727.028.026.726.932.933.1
      Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)[2.8]*[3.7]**[4.2][4.5]
      All other households6.57.56.7[5.7]9.9[7.3][6.1]
      Total households 229.1233.6232.3239.1240.6248.0259.5
     Midland
      Single person household24.221.924.329.527.728.628.8
      Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)23.623.124.622.919.125.625.5
      Couple with children household (with/without other persons)41.843.342.243.043.739.942.0
      Lone parent household (with/without other persons)12.012.511.412.415.116.713.5
      Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)*******
      All other households[3.3][3.3][3.0]****
      Total households 105.8104.7106.7110.3109.9114.2113.2
 
State
 Single person household385.3380.2390.0419.6413.2490.2525.8
 Couple with no children household (with/without other persons)372.9374.8374.9380.9382.9401.5397.9
 Couple with children household (with/without other persons)643.2644.5651.0652.3652.8639.1645.1
 Lone parent household (with/without other persons)197.2192.4191.7196.6202.0211.9230.2
 Two or more family unit household (with/without other persons)19.420.423.625.827.026.824.5
 All other households83.391.181.378.486.676.579.4
 Total households 1,701.31,703.41,712.51,753.61,764.51,846.11,902.9
Note: The average grossing factor of all members of a household is used to calculate the number of households. The number of households should be treated as indicative only.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Note: The composition of the NUTS regions changed in 2016 and took effect in the LFS from Q1 2018. Data from Q1 2012 to Q4 2017 has also been revised to reflect these changes. Please see background notes of the Q1 2018 LFS release for additional information.
Table 7 Adult members of family units classified by NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions, composition of family unit, ILO Economic Status and sex
'000
Region/ Family unit type/ ILO Economic Status/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Northern and Western
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 36.435.434.939.441.339.639.9
 Female 30.828.327.935.032.232.536.8
 Total 67.163.762.874.473.572.176.7
Unemployed
 Male [3.4][3.6]*****
 Female *******
 Total 6.05.4[3.4][4.6][3.8]**
Not in the labour force
 Male 30.531.631.435.036.336.333.7
 Female 37.440.038.341.342.743.740.5
 Total 68.071.669.776.379.080.074.2
Total
 Male 70.370.668.676.879.277.075.0
 Female 70.870.167.378.477.077.378.0
 Total 141.0140.7135.9155.2156.3154.4153.0
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 92.895.6102.696.5100.192.397.6
 Female 65.168.576.373.973.374.571.5
 Total 157.9164.2178.9170.4173.5166.8169.1
Unemployed
 Male 10.28.88.76.5[4.8]**
 Female 6.96.4[4.9][3.8]***
 Total 17.115.313.610.37.2[7.3][5.4]
Not in the labour force
 Male 16.616.815.514.416.418.513.7
 Female 41.639.740.136.837.236.337.4
 Total 58.256.655.551.253.754.751.0
Total
 Male 119.7121.3126.7117.4121.3115.3113.7
 Female 113.6114.7121.2114.6112.9113.6111.9
 Total 233.2236.0248.0232.0234.3228.9225.5
Lone parent
In employment
 Male *******
 Female 15.413.713.613.316.417.119.7
 Total 17.115.615.015.719.320.822.9
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female [3.4]******
 Total [3.4][3.3]*****
Not in the labour force
 Male *[2.6][2.7]****
 Female 14.414.015.415.014.99.413.6
 Total 16.216.618.116.816.511.315.8
Total
 Male [3.7]5.04.64.5[4.6][6.0]5.7
 Female 33.130.430.930.332.928.034.7
 Total 36.735.435.534.837.634.040.4
All family units
In employment
 Male 130.9132.9138.8138.3144.3135.7140.7
 Female 111.2110.5117.8122.2121.9124.0128.0
 Total 242.1243.4256.6260.5266.2259.7268.7
Unemployed
 Male 13.713.011.69.36.6[6.0]*
 Female 12.811.07.98.0[6.2][5.5][5.2]
 Total 26.524.019.517.212.811.59.2
Not in the labour force
 Male 49.051.049.651.254.356.649.6
 Female 93.493.793.793.194.889.491.4
 Total 142.4144.8143.3144.3149.1146.0141.0
Total
 Male 193.6196.9200.0198.7205.2198.3194.4
 Female 217.4215.2219.4223.3222.9218.9224.5
 Total 411.0412.1419.4422.0428.1417.3418.9
Border
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 16.316.416.819.818.516.818.5
 Female 14.013.312.417.113.813.715.5
 Total 30.229.729.236.932.330.634.0
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Not in the labour force
 Male 14.715.713.616.616.618.315.8
 Female 17.818.617.719.619.321.721.3
 Total 32.534.331.336.235.940.137.1
Total
 Male 32.133.331.337.435.835.834.7
 Female 32.732.730.737.433.735.936.9
 Total 64.966.062.074.869.571.771.7
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 43.145.446.746.350.442.844.1
 Female 30.133.236.335.834.633.632.4
 Total 73.378.683.082.185.076.476.5
Unemployed
  Male 4.3[3.4][3.9][2.6]***
  Female *******
  Total 7.16.55.3[4.1]***
Not in the labour force
  Male 9.48.88.17.37.98.17.2
  Female 20.418.117.914.716.316.817.4
  Total 29.827.026.022.024.224.924.6
Total
  Male 56.757.658.756.159.652.051.7
  Female 53.454.455.652.051.652.451.5
  Total 110.2112.0114.3108.2111.2104.4103.2
Lone parent
In employment
  Male *******
  Female 6.76.67.86.58.99.39.3
  Total 7.47.58.57.710.510.611.4
Unemployed
  Male *******
  Female *******
  Total *******
Not in the labour force
 Male *******
 Female 7.07.27.47.27.4[4.1]6.1
 Total 7.98.39.08.27.9[5.3]7.2
Total
 Male **[2.6]***[3.5]
 Female 15.015.016.214.216.913.915.7
 Total 16.617.418.816.319.016.319.2
All family units
In employment
 Male 60.162.764.267.270.560.964.7
 Female 50.853.156.559.457.356.757.2
 Total 110.9115.8120.7126.7127.8117.6121.9
Unemployed
 Male 5.45.05.1[3.6]***
 Female 5.2[5.2]*****
 Total 10.610.28.16.3[3.9]**
Not in the labour force
 Male 25.025.523.424.925.027.624.1
 Female 45.244.043.041.543.042.744.8
 Total 70.269.566.366.468.170.368.9
Total
 Male 90.593.392.795.797.590.389.9
 Female 101.2102.2102.5103.7102.2102.2104.1
 Total 191.7195.5195.2199.3199.7192.5194.0
West
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 20.119.018.119.622.822.821.4
 Female 16.814.915.417.918.418.721.3
 Total 36.933.933.537.541.241.542.7
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total [3.8][3.4]*****
Not in the labour force
 Male 15.815.917.818.419.717.917.9
 Female 19.621.420.621.723.322.019.2
 Total 35.537.438.440.143.039.937.1
Total
 Male 38.237.337.339.443.441.240.3
 Female 38.037.436.641.043.341.441.1
 Total 76.274.773.880.486.882.681.4
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 49.750.355.950.249.749.553.6
 Female 35.035.440.038.138.740.939.1
 Total 84.785.695.988.388.490.492.6
Unemployed
 Male 6.05.4[4.8][4.0][3.5]**
 Female [4.0][3.3]*****
 Total 10.08.78.36.2[5.2]**
Not in the labour force
 Male 7.28.07.37.18.510.46.5
 Female 21.221.622.222.120.919.520.0
 Total 28.429.629.529.229.429.826.5
Total
 Male 62.963.768.061.361.763.362.0
 Female 60.260.365.662.561.461.260.4
 Total 123.1124.0133.7123.8123.1124.5122.3
Lone parent
In employment
 Male *******
 Female 8.77.15.86.77.67.810.3
 Total 9.78.06.48.08.810.211.4
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Not in the labour force
 Male *******
 Female 7.36.78.07.87.5[5.3]7.4
 Total 8.38.39.18.68.6[6.0]8.5
Total
 Male *[2.7]*****
 Female 18.015.314.716.216.014.119.0
 Total 20.118.016.718.518.617.721.2
All family units
In employment
 Male 70.870.274.671.173.874.876.0
 Female 60.557.461.262.764.767.370.8
 Total 131.3127.6135.8133.8138.5142.1146.8
Unemployed
 Male 8.38.06.55.7[4.5]**
 Female 7.65.8[4.9][5.3]***
 Total 15.913.811.411.08.9[6.9][6.0]
Not in the labour force
 Male 24.025.526.226.329.329.025.5
 Female 48.149.850.851.651.746.746.6
 Total 72.275.377.077.981.075.772.1
Total
 Male 103.1103.6107.3103.1107.7108.0104.5
 Female 116.2113.0116.9119.7120.8116.7120.4
 Total 219.3216.7224.2222.7228.4224.8224.9
Southern
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 63.561.770.466.966.471.768.6
 Female 58.054.459.456.762.056.857.5
 Total 121.5116.1129.9123.6128.4128.5126.1
Unemployed
 Male 7.06.26.0[3.7]***
 Female 5.4[5.4][4.6]****
 Total 12.411.610.76.8[5.7][5.7][4.6]
Not in the labour force
 Male 65.866.461.361.068.366.069.5
 Female 71.271.069.568.378.880.479.9
 Total 137.0137.4130.8129.3147.2146.4149.4
Total
 Male 136.3134.3137.8131.5137.9140.8140.3
 Female 134.6130.8133.6128.2143.3139.8139.8
 Total 270.9265.1271.4259.7281.3280.6280.1
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 176.9181.6187.5195.8197.1198.6186.6
 Female 131.2137.6139.5142.3146.4143.7141.2
 Total 308.1319.2327.1338.2343.5342.3327.8
Unemployed
 Male 23.419.717.612.98.4[7.0][5.9]
 Female 16.311.911.39.1*[4.8][5.6]
 Total 39.731.628.922.012.411.811.5
Not in the labour force
 Male 28.027.424.327.927.325.226.2
 Female 71.071.670.278.775.666.371.8
 Total 99.099.194.5106.6102.991.498.0
Total
 Male 228.3228.8229.5236.7232.8230.8218.8
 Female 218.5221.1221.0230.1226.0214.8218.6
 Total 446.8449.9450.5466.8458.9445.6437.4
Lone parent
In employment
 Male 4.54.74.5[4.1][4.0][7.2]8.4
 Female 27.325.026.628.528.436.733.1
 Total 31.829.731.132.632.343.941.6
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female 8.16.17.4[4.8][4.1]**
 Total 9.47.28.1[5.8][4.1]**
Not in the labour force
 Male 3.64.4[3.3][4.1][3.7]*[4.4]
 Female 25.727.925.726.525.625.928.8
 Total 29.332.329.030.629.328.533.1
Total
 Male 9.510.28.49.27.710.013.4
 Female 61.059.159.859.858.165.765.4
 Total 70.569.368.269.065.775.778.8
All family units
In employment
 Male 244.9248.0262.5266.8267.5277.5263.7
 Female 216.5217.0225.6227.6236.8237.2231.8
 Total 461.4465.0488.1494.3504.3514.7495.5
Unemployed
 Male 31.727.024.317.611.610.28.7
 Female 29.823.423.417.010.610.611.5
 Total 61.550.447.634.622.220.820.2
Not in the labour force
 Male 97.598.388.993.099.393.8100.0
 Female 167.8170.6165.4173.4180.1172.5180.5
 Total 265.3268.9254.4266.5279.3266.4280.5
Total
 Male 374.1373.3375.7377.4378.4381.5372.5
 Female 414.1410.9414.4418.0427.5420.4423.8
 Total 788.2784.3790.1795.4805.9801.9796.3
Mid-West
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 19.719.120.420.219.121.720.8
 Female 17.916.018.018.616.917.318.6
 Total 37.735.238.338.836.039.039.4
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total [4.2]*[4.0]****
Not in the labour force
 Male 20.920.919.518.318.319.320.8
 Female 20.323.520.920.622.624.322.4
 Total 41.244.540.438.940.943.643.1
Total
 Male 42.841.542.239.638.741.942.1
 Female 40.341.540.540.640.742.841.5
 Total 83.083.082.780.279.584.783.6
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 54.353.960.059.358.160.555.6
 Female 40.440.843.144.745.440.343.2
 Total 94.794.8103.0104.1103.5100.998.8
Unemployed
 Male 9.36.8[5.2][4.4]***
 Female 6.8[5.1][4.7]****
 Total 16.111.99.98.2[4.7]**
Not in the labour force
 Male 8.16.98.28.47.66.87.5
 Female 18.919.921.823.520.422.420.2
 Total 27.026.830.031.928.129.227.7
Total
 Male 71.667.673.472.169.369.365.2
 Female 66.265.969.572.166.963.865.1
 Total 137.8133.5142.9144.2136.2133.1130.3
Lone parent
In employment
 Male *******
 Female 7.86.87.46.88.211.79.6
 Total 8.98.79.08.39.513.611.4
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female [3.3]******
 Total [3.7]******
Not in the labour force
 Male *******
 Female 6.97.65.77.58.47.08.4
 Total 8.08.76.78.910.17.48.9
Total
 Male [2.7][3.3][2.9][3.6]***
 Female 18.016.716.215.819.119.318.9
 Total 20.720.019.119.422.021.521.2
All family units
In employment
 Male 75.175.082.081.078.684.178.2
 Female 66.263.768.470.170.469.471.4
 Total 141.3138.6150.4151.1149.0153.4149.6
Unemployed
 Male 11.98.67.86.3[4.9]**
 Female 12.19.39.4[6.8][4.7]**
 Total 24.017.917.313.09.6[5.7][5.7]
Not in the labour force
 Male 30.128.928.828.027.526.528.8
 Female 46.151.148.451.651.553.751.0
 Total 76.280.077.179.779.080.279.8
Total
 Male 117.1112.5118.6115.3111.0113.3109.6
 Female 124.5124.1126.2128.5126.6126.0125.5
 Total 241.5236.5244.7243.8237.6239.3235.1
South-East
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 17.716.717.818.719.519.215.0
 Female 16.615.914.914.219.116.211.6
 Total 34.432.632.733.038.635.526.7
Unemployed
 Male [2.2]******
 Female *******
 Total 3.7[2.4][2.7]****
Not in the labour force
 Male 18.218.116.917.120.118.319.1
 Female 21.619.619.718.423.221.523.2
 Total 39.837.736.635.643.339.742.3
Total
 Male 38.236.436.537.140.238.334.1
 Female 39.736.335.533.642.538.235.7
 Total 77.972.772.070.882.776.669.8
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 43.446.447.349.549.848.552.3
 Female 32.237.237.936.037.636.638.9
 Total 75.683.685.285.687.385.291.2
Unemployed
 Male 6.55.64.9[3.7]***
 Female 4.5******
 Total 11.07.56.86.2[3.4]**
Not in the labour force
 Male 8.39.15.57.08.87.67.3
 Female 20.219.617.120.522.316.521.1
 Total 28.628.722.627.531.024.128.4
Total
 Male 58.261.157.760.260.958.061.8
 Female 56.958.756.959.160.854.462.5
 Total 115.1119.8114.6119.3121.7112.4124.3
Lone parent
In employment
 Male *******
 Female 7.26.97.29.97.810.39.0
 Total 8.07.78.910.89.112.511.2
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Not in the labour force
 Male *******
 Female 7.68.38.57.06.37.7[6.7]
 Total 8.79.69.58.07.59.18.2
Total
 Male **[2.7]****
 Female 16.316.517.317.514.819.616.5
 Total 18.518.720.019.717.423.120.4
All family units
In employment
 Male 62.063.966.769.270.670.069.5
 Female 56.059.960.160.264.463.259.5
 Total 118.0123.8126.8129.3135.0133.1129.0
Unemployed
 Male 9.07.36.75.2[3.0]**
 Female 7.54.24.4[4.1]***
 Total 16.511.511.19.35.0[6.0][6.6]
Not in the labour force
 Male 27.628.623.425.230.127.227.9
 Female 49.447.545.345.951.745.751.0
 Total 77.076.068.771.181.872.978.9
Total
 Male 98.699.796.899.5103.799.999.8
 Female 112.9111.5109.7110.2118.1112.2114.7
 Total 211.5211.3206.5209.8221.8212.1214.5
South-West
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 26.025.932.328.027.830.832.8
 Female 23.422.526.523.926.023.227.2
 Total 49.448.358.851.953.954.060.0
Unemployed
 Male [2.6][3.2]*****
 Female *******
 Total 4.55.8[4.0]****
Not in the labour force
 Male 26.727.324.925.629.928.429.6
 Female 29.327.928.929.333.134.634.4
 Total 56.055.253.854.863.063.164.0
Total
 Male 55.456.459.154.759.060.664.1
 Female 54.652.957.654.060.158.862.6
 Total 110.0109.3116.7108.7119.1119.3126.7
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 79.281.380.387.089.389.578.7
 Female 58.659.558.661.663.566.859.1
 Total 137.8140.8138.9148.5152.8156.3137.8
Unemployed
 Male 7.77.37.5[4.9]***
 Female 4.9[4.9][4.8]****
 Total 12.612.212.27.6[4.4][5.7]*
Not in the labour force
 Male 11.611.410.612.510.910.811.4
 Female 31.932.131.234.632.927.330.4
 Total 43.443.641.947.143.838.141.9
Total
 Male 98.5100.098.4104.4102.6103.591.8
 Female 95.496.594.698.998.496.691.0
 Total 193.9196.6193.0203.2201.0200.1182.8
Lone parent
In employment
 Male [2.6]*****[4.5]
 Female 12.311.412.011.812.414.614.5
 Total 14.813.413.313.413.717.819.0
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female [3.3]******
 Total [3.8]*[3.0]****
Not in the labour force
 Male *******
 Female 11.112.011.612.010.911.213.7
 Total 12.614.112.913.711.812.116.1
Total
 Male 4.54.7[2.9][3.5]*[4.2]7.2
 Female 26.725.926.326.424.226.930.0
 Total 31.330.629.129.926.331.137.2
All family units
In employment
 Male 107.8109.2113.8116.6118.3123.5116.0
 Female 94.393.497.197.3102.0104.7100.8
 Total 202.1202.6211.0213.9220.3228.1216.8
Unemployed
 Male 10.811.19.76.2*[4.7]*
 Female 10.19.99.6[6.2]***
 Total 20.921.019.312.37.69.1[7.9]
Not in the labour force
 Male 39.840.836.839.841.640.143.4
 Female 72.372.071.875.976.973.178.5
 Total 112.1112.8108.5115.7118.5113.3121.9
Total
 Male 158.4161.1160.3162.6163.7168.3163.1
 Female 176.7175.3178.5179.3182.7182.2183.6
 Total 335.1336.5338.8341.9346.4350.5346.6
Eastern and Midland
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 93.8101.597.4104.8100.7117.5110.8
 Female 81.789.485.594.990.0102.991.5
 Total 175.5190.9182.9199.6190.7220.5202.3
Unemployed
 Male 9.07.86.0[4.9]***
 Female [5.3][4.7][5.7][5.9]***
 Total 14.412.511.710.8[5.7][8.5][5.4]
Not in the labour force
 Male 76.476.282.579.578.581.184.7
 Female 88.984.288.286.384.493.9101.3
 Total 165.4160.4170.8165.9162.9175.0186.0
Total
 Male 179.3185.5185.9189.1182.1202.1197.4
 Female 176.0178.3179.4187.1177.2201.9196.2
 Total 355.3363.7365.3376.3359.3404.0393.7
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 252.6259.2270.1264.6276.1277.9285.1
 Female 182.1182.8188.9191.3203.6212.9215.2
 Total 434.7442.0459.0455.9479.7490.8500.3
Unemployed
 Male 34.625.820.218.614.28.98.4
 Female 23.617.314.914.97.89.2[7.2]
 Total 58.243.135.133.522.018.115.6
Not in the labour force
 Male 43.141.142.740.545.237.838.9
 Female 118.5118.0114.4113.0118.197.798.7
 Total 161.7159.1157.2153.5163.3135.5137.6
Total
 Male 330.3326.1333.0323.7335.6324.6332.4
 Female 324.3318.1318.3319.2329.5319.8321.1
 Total 654.6644.2651.2642.9665.1644.4653.5
Lone parent
In employment
 Male 5.55.65.86.97.713.416.8
 Female 43.541.944.246.952.153.663.8
 Total 49.047.550.053.859.866.980.7
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female 13.08.67.2[6.3]7.5[6.0]*
 Total 14.810.18.47.18.6[6.5]*
Not in the labour force
 Male 6.46.26.0[5.4][5.4][5.2][4.7]
 Female 40.642.746.244.847.342.741.9
 Total 47.048.952.250.252.747.946.6
Total
 Male 13.713.213.113.014.119.122.2
 Female 97.093.297.698.0107.0102.2109.1
 Total 110.7106.4110.7111.1121.0121.3131.3
All family units
In employment
 Male 351.8366.3373.3376.3384.4408.8412.7
 Female 307.3314.0318.6333.1345.7369.4370.5
 Total 659.2680.4691.9709.4730.2778.2783.3
Unemployed
 Male 45.535.027.424.218.212.811.0
 Female 41.930.627.827.118.120.314.0
 Total 87.465.655.251.336.333.125.0
Not in the labour force
 Male 126.0123.5131.3125.4129.1124.1128.3
 Female 248.0244.9248.9244.2249.9234.3241.9
 Total 374.0368.4380.2369.5378.9358.4370.2
Total
 Male 523.3524.8532.0525.8531.7545.7552.0
 Female 597.3589.5595.2604.4613.7624.0626.4
 Total 1,120.61,114.31,127.21,130.21,145.41,169.71,178.5
Dublin
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 55.961.359.166.364.673.467.4
 Female 49.455.952.759.258.266.256.5
 Total 105.3117.2111.8125.4122.8139.5123.9
Unemployed
 Male [4.7][3.7][3.7]****
 Female *******
 Total 7.66.15.9[6.2]***
Not in the labour force
 Male 44.642.748.744.544.743.546.4
 Female 50.845.049.750.949.449.856.3
 Total 95.387.798.495.494.193.3102.7
Total
 Male 105.2107.7111.5113.5111.2119.3114.7
 Female 103.0103.2104.6113.5108.9118.3114.5
 Total 208.2211.0216.1227.0220.1237.6229.2
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 134.3138.3145.3135.9147.8151.5156.2
 Female 100.598.9101.6105.8109.1118.3116.8
 Total 234.7237.2246.9241.7256.8269.9273.0
Unemployed
 Male 14.811.28.910.16.4**
 Female 9.89.27.9[6.8][4.5]**
 Total 24.620.416.816.910.9[8.1][7.3]
Not in the labour force
 Male 25.925.125.221.824.021.319.2
 Female 64.663.463.257.263.451.554.1
 Total 90.588.488.479.087.372.873.3
Total
 Male 174.9174.5179.3167.8178.1176.7179.8
 Female 174.9171.5172.7169.7177.0174.0173.8
 Total 349.8346.0352.0337.5355.0350.7353.6
Lone parent
In employment
 Male [3.7][2.9][3.3][4.8][4.5][7.7]11.0
 Female 27.224.927.427.833.832.639.5
 Total 30.927.830.732.738.340.350.5
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female 7.0[4.3][3.3]*[4.5]**
 Total 8.05.3[4.1][3.9][4.9]**
Not in the labour force
 Male [4.1][4.1]*[3.6][4.1]**
 Female 26.225.329.529.528.621.624.5
 Total 30.329.432.333.132.724.127.7
Total
 Male 8.78.06.88.99.010.414.4
 Female 60.454.660.260.866.957.465.4
 Total 69.162.567.069.775.967.879.8
All family units
In employment
 Male 193.9202.6207.7207.1216.8232.6234.6
 Female 177.1179.7181.6192.8201.1217.1212.7
 Total 371.0382.3389.3399.8417.9449.7447.3
Unemployed
 Male 20.415.913.313.38.7[6.5][5.6]
 Female 19.715.913.413.710.39.8[6.1]
 Total 40.131.726.727.018.916.211.6
Not in the labour force
 Male 74.671.976.769.972.767.368.7
 Female 141.6133.7142.4137.6141.4122.8135.0
 Total 216.1205.5219.1207.4214.2190.1203.7
Total
 Male 288.8290.3297.7290.2298.2306.4308.9
 Female 338.3329.3337.4344.1352.8349.7353.8
 Total 627.2619.5635.1634.2651.0656.1662.7
Mid-East
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 26.927.725.628.226.631.130.6
  Female 23.323.722.226.825.025.224.0
  Total 50.251.547.855.051.756.354.6
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total [3.7][5.0][4.0]****
Not in the labour force
 Male 20.823.022.622.222.824.725.3
 Female 24.626.724.722.622.929.829.5
 Total 45.449.747.244.845.754.554.8
Total
 Male 50.153.649.451.750.356.656.6
 Female 49.252.549.751.249.256.754.8
 Total 99.2106.299.0102.999.4113.4111.5
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 87.587.591.293.092.392.593.1
 Female 60.161.866.464.770.670.671.9
 Total 147.6149.3157.6157.7162.9163.2165.0
Unemployed
 Male 13.69.26.6[6.2]***
 Female 9.9[5.4][4.7][5.9]***
 Total 23.514.711.312.0[7.0][6.1][4.8]
Not in the labour force
 Male 10.510.513.013.213.411.013.5
 Female 36.435.633.636.536.532.629.5
 Total 46.946.146.649.749.843.643.0
Total
 Male 111.6107.2110.8112.3110.1106.8109.1
 Female 106.4102.8104.8107.2109.6106.1103.7
 Total 218.0210.0215.5219.5219.7212.9212.8
Lone parent
In employment
  Male *******
 Female 12.012.313.013.911.615.318.6
 Total 12.814.315.215.013.518.522.9
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female [4.6]******
 Total [5.3]******
Not in the labour force
 Male *******
 Female 9.111.911.210.313.013.211.0
 Total 10.413.313.111.413.815.311.9
Total
 Male [2.8][3.8][4.3]**[5.6][5.4]
 Female 25.726.727.125.826.629.930.9
 Total 28.530.431.428.429.635.436.2
All family units
In employment
 Male 115.2117.2118.9122.3120.7126.7127.9
 Female 95.497.9101.7105.4107.3111.2114.5
 Total 210.6215.1220.6227.7228.0237.9242.5
Unemployed
 Male 16.712.68.27.7[5.7][4.5]*
 Female 15.89.910.3[9.4][5.7][5.9][4.9]
 Total 32.522.518.517.111.410.58.3
Not in the labour force
 Male 32.634.837.436.537.037.739.7
 Female 70.074.269.569.572.475.670.0
 Total 102.6109.0106.9105.9109.4113.4109.7
Total
 Male 164.5164.6164.5166.5163.4169.0171.1
 Female 181.3182.0181.5184.2185.4192.7189.4
 Total 345.8346.6346.0350.7348.8361.7360.5
Midland
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 11.012.412.710.39.413.112.9
  Female 9.09.810.68.96.811.511.0
  Total 20.022.223.319.216.224.623.8
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Not in the labour force
 Male 11.110.511.312.811.012.913.0
 Female 13.612.513.912.812.014.315.5
 Total 24.723.025.125.723.127.228.4
Total
 Male 24.024.125.024.020.626.126.0
 Female 23.822.625.222.419.126.826.9
 Total 47.846.650.246.439.853.052.9
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 30.833.533.535.736.133.835.8
 Female 21.522.020.920.823.923.926.5
 Total 52.355.554.556.560.057.862.3
Unemployed
 Male 6.35.4[4.7]****
 Female [3.9]******
 Total 10.18.17.0[4.5]***
Not in the labour force
 Male 6.75.6[4.6][5.5]7.9[5.5][6.1]
 Female 17.519.017.619.318.313.715.1
 Total 24.324.622.224.826.219.221.3
Total
 Male 43.844.442.843.547.441.143.6
 Female 42.943.840.842.442.939.843.5
 Total 86.788.283.785.990.480.887.0
Lone parent
In employment
  Male *******
 Female 4.34.63.85.26.7[5.6][5.8]
 Total 5.35.34.26.28.18.2[7.3]
Unemployed
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Not in the labour force
 Male *******
 Female 5.35.55.45.05.77.9[6.3]
 Total 6.36.26.85.76.18.67.1
Total
 Male *******
 Female 10.911.910.311.413.514.912.8
 Total 13.213.412.313.015.518.115.3
All family units
In employment
 Male 42.746.646.647.046.949.550.2
 Female 34.936.435.334.937.441.143.3
 Total 77.683.082.081.984.390.693.5
Unemployed
 Male 8.56.66.0****
 Female 6.4[4.8][4.1]****
 Total 14.811.410.17.2[6.0][6.4]*
Not in the labour force
 Male 18.816.817.219.019.419.019.8
 Female 36.537.036.937.236.035.936.9
 Total 55.353.854.256.155.454.956.7
Total
 Male 70.069.969.869.170.170.472.0
 Female 77.778.376.376.175.581.583.2
 Total 147.7148.2146.2145.2145.6151.9155.2
State
Couple without children
In employment
 Male 193.7198.6202.7211.0208.4228.9219.3
 Female 170.5172.0172.8186.6184.2192.1185.8
 Total 364.1370.6375.5397.6392.6421.0405.2
Unemployed
 Male 19.417.614.310.97.7[7.6][5.6]
 Female 13.411.911.511.2[7.5]8.9[6.6]
 Total 32.729.525.822.115.216.512.2
Not in the labour force
 Male 172.8174.2175.3175.5183.1183.4187.9
 Female 197.5195.2196.0195.9205.9218.0221.6
 Total 370.3369.4371.3371.4389.0401.4409.5
Total
 Male 385.8390.4392.2397.4399.2419.8412.8
 Female 381.4379.2380.3393.7397.6419.1414.1
 Total 767.2769.6772.6791.2796.8838.9826.8
Couple with children
In employment
 Male 522.3536.5560.2556.9573.4568.8569.4
 Female 378.5388.9404.7407.6423.3431.1427.8
 Total 900.8925.3964.9964.5996.7999.9997.2
Unemployed
 Male 68.354.446.538.027.420.416.7
 Female 46.835.631.127.814.216.915.8
 Total 115.090.077.665.841.637.232.5
Not in the labour force
 Male 87.785.482.582.888.981.578.7
 Female 231.1229.4224.7228.5231.0200.3207.9
 Total 318.8314.8307.2311.3319.9281.7286.7
Total
 Male 678.3676.2689.2677.7689.7670.6664.8
 Female 656.3653.9660.5663.9668.5648.3651.5
 Total 1,334.61,330.11,349.71,341.61,358.21,318.91,316.3
Lone parent
In employment
 Male 11.712.211.713.414.524.428.4
 Female 86.180.684.488.796.9107.3116.7
 Total 97.892.896.1102.1111.4131.7145.1
Unemployed
 Male [3.2][3.2]*****
 Female 24.417.416.413.113.210.68.3
 Total 27.620.519.015.214.511.79.8
Not in the labour force
 Male 11.913.212.011.310.69.711.3
 Female 80.684.687.386.387.978.084.3
 Total 92.597.899.397.698.587.795.6
Total
 Male 26.828.526.226.826.335.141.3
 Female 191.1182.6188.2188.1198.0195.9209.2
 Total 217.9211.1214.4214.9224.3231.0250.5
All family units
In employment
 Male 727.6747.3774.6781.4796.3822.0817.2
 Female 635.1641.5661.9682.8704.5730.6730.3
 Total 1,362.71,388.81,436.51,464.21,500.71,552.61,547.5
Unemployed
 Male 90.975.163.351.036.429.023.8
 Female 84.564.959.152.134.936.430.7
 Total 175.4140.0122.3103.271.365.454.5
Not in the labour force
 Male 272.4272.8269.8269.6282.7274.5277.9
 Female 509.2509.2508.0510.7524.7496.3513.8
 Total 781.6782.0777.8780.3807.4770.8791.7
Total
 Male 1,090.91,095.11,107.61,102.01,115.31,125.61,118.9
 Female 1,228.81,215.71,229.01,245.71,264.11,263.31,274.8
  Total 2,319.82,310.72,336.72,347.72,379.42,388.82,393.6
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Note: The composition of the NUTS regions changed in 2016 and took effect in the LFS from Q1 2018. Data from Q1 2012 to Q4 2017 has also been revised to reflect these changes. Please see background notes of the Q1 2018 LFS release for additional information.
Table 8 Adult members of family units classified by composition of detailed family unit, ILO Economic Status and sex
'000
Family unit type/ ILO Economic Status/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Couple without children
At least one partner aged less than 45
In employment
 Male  91.493.490.695.394.3104.193.3
 Female  87.085.584.592.089.896.083.9
 Total  178.4178.8175.1187.3184.0200.1177.2
Unemployed
 Male  8.06.0[4.8][4.7]***
 Female  [5.5][5.4][4.6][6.4]***
 Total  13.511.49.311.1[6.7][8.2]*
Not in the labour force
 Male  5.5[3.6][4.0][5.9][5.4]**
 Female  7.66.67.16.98.4[6.8][8.1]
 Total  13.110.211.112.713.812.612.2
Total
 Male  104.9103.099.4105.9102.7113.098.7
 Female  100.197.596.2105.2101.9107.994.9
 Total  205.0200.4195.5211.1204.5220.8193.6
Both partners aged 45 to 64
In employment
 Male  89.492.795.998.997.7106.4108.7
 Female  77.379.780.985.185.686.591.9
 Total  166.7172.3176.8184.1183.3192.9200.6
Unemployed
 Male  11.111.49.56.1[4.6][4.5][4.3]
 Female  7.76.56.6[4.8]***
 Total  18.817.916.110.98.38.38.0
Not in the labour force
 Male  59.361.858.058.155.552.354.3
 Female  73.174.970.168.265.968.768.0
 Total  132.4136.8128.1126.2121.4121.0122.3
Total
 Male  159.9165.9163.4163.1157.8163.1167.3
 Female  158.1161.1157.7158.1155.2159.0163.6
 Total  317.9327.0321.1321.2313.0322.1330.9
At least one partner aged 65 or more
In employment
 Male  12.812.616.216.816.418.417.3
 Female  6.26.97.49.58.99.610.0
 Total  19.019.523.626.325.328.027.3
Unemployed
 Male  *******
 Female  *******
 Total  *******
Not in the labour force
 Male  108.0108.8113.3111.5122.2125.3129.5
 Female  116.9113.7118.8120.9131.6142.5145.5
 Total  224.8222.5232.1232.5253.8267.8275.0
Total
 Male  121.0121.5129.4128.5138.7143.7146.8
 Female  123.2120.6126.5130.4140.6152.2155.5
 Total  244.3242.1255.9258.9279.3295.9302.4
Total all couples without children
In employment
Male   193.7198.6202.7211.0208.4228.9219.3
Female   170.5172.0172.8186.6184.2192.1185.8
Total   364.1370.6375.5397.6392.6421.0405.2
Unemployed
Male   19.417.614.310.97.7[7.6][5.6]
Female   13.411.911.511.2[7.5]8.9[6.6]
Total   32.729.525.822.115.216.512.2
Not in the labour force
Male   172.8174.2175.3175.5183.1183.4187.9
Female   197.5195.2196.0195.9205.9218.0221.6
Total   370.3369.4371.3371.4389.0401.4409.5
Total
Male   385.8390.4392.2397.4399.2419.8412.8
Female   381.4379.2380.3393.7397.6419.1414.1
Total   767.2769.6772.6791.2796.8838.9826.8
 
Couple with children
At least 1 child aged under 5 and no child aged 15 or over
In employment
 Male  226.1226.5236.0225.3225.7206.9208.1
 Female  163.6166.6173.0168.0169.9158.4151.3
 Total  389.7393.0409.0393.3395.6365.3359.4
Unemployed
 Male  32.622.217.714.411.1[7.3][5.3]
 Female  22.214.612.210.9[5.0][7.6][6.5]
 Total  54.936.829.925.316.114.911.8
Not in the labour force
 Male  17.411.712.69.613.813.713.2
 Female  75.468.768.866.368.155.760.0
 Total  92.880.481.575.981.969.473.2
Total
 Male  276.1260.3266.3249.4250.6227.8226.5
 Female  261.3249.9254.0245.1243.0221.8217.8
 Total  537.4510.2520.4494.5493.7449.6444.3
At least 1 child aged under 5 and at least 1 child aged 15 or over
In employment
 Male  13.313.314.115.413.016.913.8
 Female  7.86.77.99.78.69.39.0
 Total  21.120.022.025.121.626.222.8
Unemployed
 Male  [3.7][3.9]*****
 Female  *******
 Total  5.04.8[3.5]****
Not in the labour force
 Male  *[2.9]*****
 Female  9.511.07.68.07.28.67.8
 Total  11.213.99.99.99.910.610.8
Total
 Male  18.720.118.919.317.320.518.3
 Female  18.618.716.518.616.818.817.6
 Total  37.338.735.437.934.139.335.8
All children aged 5 to 14
In employment
 Male  91.495.599.7103.2112.5118.6119.3
 Female  65.071.772.879.884.689.893.1
 Total  156.4167.1172.5182.9197.1208.4212.4
Unemployed
 Male  7.710.08.97.3[4.3]**
 Female  10.07.06.6[6.4]***
 Total  17.717.015.413.77.0[7.1][7.3]
Not in the labour force
 Male  7.67.57.68.16.98.17.6
 Female  28.131.332.631.132.530.830.4
 Total  35.838.840.239.239.538.937.9
Total
 Male  106.7112.9116.2118.6123.7130.5130.4
 Female  103.1110.0111.9117.3119.8123.9127.2
 Total  209.8222.9228.2235.9243.5254.3257.6
No child aged under 5, at least 1 child aged 5 to 14 and at least 1 child aged 15 or over
In employment
 Male  68.171.975.271.682.986.281.7
 Female  45.948.451.448.255.461.961.5
 Total  114.0120.3126.6119.8138.2148.1143.2
Unemployed
 Male  10.35.87.96.1[5.6]**
 Female  5.8[4.8][4.9][4.2]***
 Total  16.210.612.810.28.1[6.2][5.2]
Not in the labour force
 Male  8.27.96.58.28.99.28.7
 Female  31.229.530.630.633.129.127.1
 Total  39.537.437.138.842.038.335.8
Total
 Male  86.685.789.685.997.399.393.2
 Female  83.082.786.983.091.093.391.0
 Total  169.6168.3176.5168.9188.3192.6184.2
All children aged 15 or over
In employment
 Male  123.4129.3135.2141.5139.3140.3146.5
 Female  96.295.599.6101.9104.9111.6112.9
 Total  219.6224.8234.8243.4244.2251.9259.3
Unemployed
 Male  13.912.59.48.1[4.8][3.8]*
 Female  7.48.36.5[5.6]***
 Total  21.320.816.013.67.86.6[6.1]
Not in the labour force
 Male  52.855.453.555.056.648.546.2
 Female  86.888.985.092.490.076.182.7
 Total  139.6144.3138.5147.5146.6124.6129.0
Total
 Male  190.1197.3198.1204.6200.7192.6196.4
 Female  190.4192.7191.2199.9197.9190.5197.9
 Total  380.5390.0389.3404.5398.6383.1394.3
Total couples with children
In employment
Male   522.3536.5560.2556.9573.4568.8569.4
Female   378.5388.9404.7407.6423.3431.1427.8
Total   900.8925.3964.9964.5996.7999.9997.2
Unemployed
Male   68.354.446.538.027.420.416.7
Female   46.835.631.127.814.216.915.8
Total   115.090.077.665.841.637.232.5
Not in the labour force
Male   87.785.482.582.888.981.578.7
Female   231.1229.4224.7228.5231.0200.3207.9
Total   318.8314.8307.2311.3319.9281.7286.7
Total
Male   678.3676.2689.2677.7689.7670.6664.8
Female   656.3653.9660.5663.9668.5648.3651.5
Total   1,334.61,330.11,349.71,341.61,358.21,318.91,316.3
 
Lone parent
At least 1 child aged under 5 and no child aged 15 or over
In employment
 Male  *****[5.6][7.2]
 Female  21.118.019.018.916.824.727.7
 Total  21.719.420.320.317.730.334.9
Unemployed
 Male  *******
 Female  6.5[4.9][4.5][4.3][4.2]**
 Total  7.3[5.3][5.0][4.5][4.2]**
Not in the labour force
 Male  *******
 Female  20.620.520.418.416.019.920.1
 Total  21.021.020.918.616.320.420.3
Total
 Male  *****[6.2][7.5]
 Female  48.243.443.941.737.147.649.4
 Total  49.945.646.243.538.253.856.9
At least 1 child aged under 5 and at least 1 child aged 15 or over
In employment
 Male  *******
 Female  *******
 Total  *******
Unemployed
 Male  *******
 Female  *******
 Total  *******
Not in the labour force
 Male  *******
 Female  [2.7][3.0][2.7]*[3.3]**
 Total  [2.7][3.1][2.9]*[3.3]**
Total
 Male  *******
 Female  4.74.85.4[4.8]5.4[5.4][4.6]
 Total  4.95.15.8[4.9]5.6[5.9][4.7]
All children aged 5 to 14
In employment
 Male  *****[7.4][7.8]
 Female  24.320.419.923.725.927.834.3
 Total  26.322.121.625.528.435.242.1
Unemployed
 Male  *******
 Female  8.35.9[4.0]****
 Total  9.16.84.9[4.2]***
Not in the labour force
 Male  *******
 Female  10.511.413.011.111.910.712.8
 Total  11.912.513.912.112.812.314.4
Total
 Male  [4.1][3.7][3.5][3.5][3.7]9.310.0
 Female  43.137.736.938.241.141.749.5
 Total  47.341.440.441.744.851.059.4
No child aged under 5, at least 1 child aged 5 to 14 and at least 1 child aged 15 or over
In employment
 Male  *******
 Female  9.78.310.39.912.612.714.6
 Total  11.09.111.311.613.714.417.2
Unemployed
 Male  *******
 Female  [3.5]******
 Total  [3.7]******
Not in the labour force
 Male  *******
 Female  7.56.87.08.67.8[6.8][7.3]
 Total  7.77.37.89.18.0[7.5]7.9
Total
 Male  *******
 Female  20.716.919.419.722.920.724.2
 Total  22.418.621.321.824.323.227.5
All children aged 15 or over
In employment
 Male  7.78.27.68.49.89.210.8
 Female  29.832.733.234.439.539.638.2
 Total  37.440.940.742.949.348.848.9
Unemployed
 Male  *******
 Female  [5.2][4.2][5.3][3.9]***
 Total  6.85.66.3[5.0][4.2]**
Not in the labour force
 Male  9.911.09.69.69.26.99.0
 Female  39.442.944.245.448.837.741.6
 Total  49.353.953.855.158.044.550.6
Total
 Male  19.120.518.219.219.916.720.4
 Female  74.479.982.783.891.680.481.5
 Total  93.5100.3100.9103.0111.597.1101.9
Total lone parents
In employment
Male   11.712.211.713.414.524.428.4
Female   86.180.684.488.796.9107.3116.7
Total   97.892.896.1102.1111.4131.7145.1
Unemployed
Male   [3.2][3.2]*****
Female   24.417.416.413.113.210.68.3
Total   27.620.519.015.214.511.79.8
Not in the labour force
Male   11.913.212.011.310.69.711.3
Female   80.684.687.386.387.978.084.3
Total   92.597.899.397.698.587.795.6
Total
Male   26.828.526.226.826.335.141.3
Female   191.1182.6188.2188.1198.0195.9209.2
Total   217.9211.1214.4214.9224.3231.0250.5
 
All family units
In employment
Male   727.6747.3774.6781.4796.3822.0817.2
Female   635.1641.5661.9682.8704.5730.6730.3
Total   1,362.71,388.81,436.51,464.21,500.71,552.61,547.5
Unemployed
Male   90.975.163.351.036.429.023.8
Female   84.564.959.152.134.936.430.7
Total   175.4140.0122.3103.271.365.454.5
Not in the labour force
Male   272.4272.8269.8269.6282.7274.5277.9
Female   509.2509.2508.0510.7524.7496.3513.8
Total   781.6782.0777.8780.3807.4770.8791.7
Total
Male   1,090.91,095.11,107.61,102.01,115.31,125.61,118.9
Female   1,228.81,215.71,229.01,245.71,264.11,263.31,274.8
Total   2,319.82,310.72,336.72,347.72,379.42,388.82,393.6
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 9 Employment rates of adult members of family units classified by composition of family unit and age of youngest child and employment rates of all other persons1
%
Family unit and non-family unit type/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Adult members of family units without children
Couple without children
  Male74.075.677.679.080.582.382.9
  Female64.865.066.569.069.369.669.2
  Total69.270.171.973.774.775.775.8
 
Adult members of family units with children
Couple with children
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male81.285.687.789.689.190.290.6
  Female61.264.566.967.468.769.768.1
  Total71.575.377.678.679.080.179.6
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male83.584.385.286.289.089.890.1
  Female59.061.460.464.168.270.269.8
  Total71.573.073.075.278.880.380.1
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male79.882.685.885.786.887.089.0
  Female62.663.466.264.664.870.375.1
  Total71.273.176.275.375.978.882.0
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male72.774.276.277.879.581.683.7
  Female52.452.655.654.858.263.458.9
  Total62.163.065.665.968.572.070.7
  All children
  Male80.182.984.986.187.088.189.0
  Female59.461.563.263.866.068.768.0
  Total69.872.374.274.976.678.578.5
Lone parent
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male*****[91.9][98.1]
  Female42.239.942.844.444.551.354.8
  Total42.140.743.545.945.455.860.0
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male[55.5][46.8][37.6][60.2]*82.177.0
  Female51.851.751.356.459.264.765.7
  Total52.151.350.156.860.267.767.5
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male55.966.6[72.7][68.6][64.7][71.3]81.4
  Female61.760.659.962.064.968.868.9
  Total60.961.361.362.964.969.170.9
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male59.552.662.061.768.977.169.4
  Female52.358.658.857.358.958.858.2
  Total53.757.359.358.160.861.660.2
  All children
  Male55.955.458.665.069.480.880.4
  Female50.951.552.254.356.760.061.3
  Total51.451.952.955.458.063.064.3
Total of all adult members of family units with children (couples with children and lone parents)
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male80.985.387.489.589.090.290.9
  Female58.260.863.263.965.366.465.6
  Total68.972.374.775.976.577.577.4
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male82.983.484.085.688.889.489.4
  Female57.159.458.462.566.169.068.8
  Total68.570.370.172.976.378.578.1
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male78.682.085.385.086.086.388.5
  Female62.462.764.764.064.869.973.5
  Total69.671.473.973.474.277.380.1
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male71.772.475.276.778.681.382.5
  Female52.454.056.455.458.462.158.7
  Total60.762.064.564.467.070.168.6
  All children
  Male79.482.184.285.586.687.888.6
  Female57.659.561.061.964.066.866.4
  Total67.569.871.672.574.276.376.4
 
Total of all adult members of all family units (couples without children, couples with children and lone parents)
  Male78.080.482.583.785.086.387.1
  Female59.360.962.363.665.367.567.1
  Total67.969.971.772.874.376.276.2
 
Other persons
 Child members of family units
  Male39.640.144.948.047.348.949.8
  Female40.939.943.149.047.444.347.7
  Total40.140.044.148.447.346.948.9
 Single person households
  Male56.359.961.863.864.166.071.9
  Female64.762.565.865.665.767.270.0
  Total60.061.163.764.664.866.571.1
 All other persons not otherwise classified
  Male65.066.868.467.271.773.571.1
  Female72.067.965.268.572.573.774.0
  Total68.067.366.967.872.173.672.4
 Total of all other persons
  Male48.249.752.654.955.856.858.6
  Female52.250.752.256.356.355.457.4
  Total50.050.152.455.556.056.258.1
 
Total of all persons
 Male65.867.770.271.672.673.874.6
 Female57.157.559.061.262.363.463.7
 Total61.462.664.666.367.468.569.1
1Employment rates include persons aged 15-64 only
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 10 Employment rates of adult members of family units classified by composition of family unit and number of children and employment rates of all other persons1
%
Family unit and non-family unit type/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Adult members of family units without children
Couple without children
  Male74.075.677.679.080.582.382.9
  Female64.865.066.569.069.369.669.2
  Total69.270.171.973.774.775.775.8
 
Adult members of family units with children
Couple with children
  1 child
  Male78.282.282.983.185.886.688.8
  Female63.263.667.065.866.572.368.5
  Total70.772.875.074.376.079.378.5
  2 children
  Male82.584.386.988.088.889.791.0
  Female62.765.265.566.769.271.171.7
  Total72.774.976.477.579.180.581.4
  3 or more children
  Male78.781.784.386.785.887.586.4
  Female50.454.356.057.760.862.061.9
  Total64.968.270.572.273.575.074.3
  All children
  Male80.182.984.986.187.088.189.0
  Female59.461.563.263.866.068.768.0
  Total69.872.374.274.976.678.578.5
Lone parent
  1 child
  Male51.954.256.963.464.976.777.2
  Female54.655.556.661.062.162.664.9
  Total54.355.356.761.362.464.466.9
  2 children
  Male59.760.966.761.3[74.7]87.288.2
  Female49.950.750.452.554.164.763.0
  Total50.851.751.953.356.068.167.2
  3 or more children
  Male**[51.1]**[79.4]*
  Female40.239.042.337.845.142.248.1
  Total42.440.143.241.447.248.751.2
  All children
  Male55.955.458.665.069.480.880.4
  Female50.951.552.254.356.760.061.3
  Total51.451.952.955.458.063.064.3
 
Total of all adult members of family units with children (couples with children and lone parents)
  1 child
  Male76.880.581.782.084.685.987.7
  Female60.661.264.064.465.169.267.3
  Total67.469.471.671.973.276.175.7
  2 children
  Male82.183.986.587.488.589.690.9
  Female60.563.063.064.266.769.970.2
  Total70.572.974.074.976.979.179.9
  3 or more children
  Male78.681.383.886.585.887.386.1
  Female49.152.454.355.258.659.459.7
  Total63.266.368.469.971.572.872.1
  All children
  Male79.482.184.285.586.687.888.6
  Female57.659.561.061.964.066.866.4
  Total67.569.871.672.574.276.376.4
 
Total of all adult members of all family units (couples without children, couples with children and lone parents)
  Male78.080.482.583.785.086.387.1
  Female59.360.962.363.665.367.567.1
  Total67.969.971.772.874.376.276.2
 
Other persons
Child members of family units
  Male39.640.144.948.047.348.949.8
  Female40.939.943.149.047.444.347.7
  Total40.140.044.148.447.346.948.9
Single person households
  Male56.359.961.863.864.166.071.9
  Female64.762.565.865.665.767.270.0
  Total60.061.163.764.664.866.571.1
All other persons not otherwise classified
  Male65.066.868.467.271.773.571.1
  Female72.067.965.268.572.573.774.0
  Total68.067.366.967.872.173.672.4
Total of all other persons
  Male48.249.752.654.955.856.858.6
  Female52.250.752.256.356.355.457.4
  Total50.050.152.455.556.056.258.1
 
Total of all persons
 Male65.867.770.271.672.673.874.6
 Female57.157.559.061.262.363.463.7
 Total61.462.664.666.367.468.569.1
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
1Employment rates include persons aged 15-64 only
Table 11 Unemployment rates of adult members of family units classified by composition of family unit and age of youngest child and unemployment rates of all other persons1
%
Family unit and non-family unit type/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Adult members of family units without children
Couple without children
  Male9.28.26.75.03.63.32.5
  Female7.36.56.35.73.94.43.5
  Total8.37.46.55.33.83.82.9
 
Adult members of family units with children
Couple with children
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male13.29.87.56.45.13.82.9
  Female12.18.36.86.23.34.84.3
  Total12.79.27.26.34.34.33.5
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male9.98.99.17.55.13.53.3
  Female12.99.49.28.33.33.84.3
  Total11.19.19.27.94.33.63.8
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male10.68.66.95.54.03.22.6
  Female9.08.07.46.33.42.82.6
  Total9.98.37.15.83.83.02.6
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male10.18.76.85.73.22.72.2
  Female7.67.95.14.32.92.21.7
  Total9.08.36.15.13.02.52.0
  All children
  Male11.69.27.76.44.63.52.9
  Female11.08.47.16.43.23.83.6
  Total11.38.97.46.44.03.63.2
Lone parent
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male******[1.9]
  Female24.722.019.418.518.110.16.1
  Total25.922.319.918.017.48.45.3
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male*****[3.9][8.0]
  Female27.521.917.414.611.19.27.7
  Total27.223.419.115.410.88.27.8
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male[25][18.6][8.8][10.3]**[6.1]
  Female17.816.016.910.513.79.57.6
  Total18.816.316.010.513.29.07.3
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male13.815.713.412.18.96.64.3
  Female16.011.411.78.36.47.44.9
  Total15.512.312.19.17.07.24.8
  All children
  Male22.221.518.013.58.14.15.1
  Female22.117.816.413.012.09.06.6
  Total22.118.316.613.011.58.26.3
Total of all adult members of family units with children (couples with children and lone parents)
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male13.49.97.66.55.03.72.9
  Female13.79.88.37.64.95.64.6
  Total13.59.97.97.05.04.63.7
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male10.19.59.67.85.13.53.6
  Female16.812.010.99.65.15.05.1
  Total13.410.710.28.75.14.24.3
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male11.28.97.05.74.23.32.8
  Female11.39.99.77.36.34.53.9
  Total11.29.48.36.55.23.93.4
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male10.49.17.26.13.63.02.4
  Female9.88.86.95.43.93.72.6
  Total10.19.07.05.83.73.32.5
  All children
  Male11.89.57.96.64.73.53.0
  Female13.310.28.97.65.04.94.2
  Total12.59.88.47.14.84.13.6
 
Total of all adult members of all family units (couples without children, couples with children and lone parents)
  Male11.29.27.66.24.43.42.8
  Female11.89.28.27.14.74.84.0
  Total11.49.27.96.64.64.13.4
 
Other persons
Child members of family units
  Male32.429.022.720.517.414.714.6
  Female24.322.117.514.412.112.910.9
  Total29.026.120.617.915.114.013.0
Single person households
  Male19.715.614.013.210.68.76.2
  Female10.713.19.07.28.15.24.7
  Total15.714.411.710.59.57.25.5
All other persons not otherwise classified
  Male15.214.310.510.28.07.45.7
  Female8.08.06.87.15.33.13.9
  Total12.011.68.88.96.85.34.9
Total of all other persons
  Male25.322.118.016.513.411.610.5
  Female16.816.012.811.09.48.37.7
  Total21.619.515.714.111.710.29.3
 
Total of all persons
 Male15.913.511.09.77.56.25.6
 Female13.311.39.68.36.25.85.2
 Total14.712.510.49.16.96.05.4
1Unemployment rates include persons aged 15-74 only
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 12 Unemployment rates of adult members of family units classified by composition of family unit and number of children and unemployment rates of all other persons1
%
Family unit and non-family unit type/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Adult members of family units without children
Couple without children
  Male9.28.26.75.03.63.32.5
  Female7.36.56.35.73.94.43.5
  Total8.37.46.55.33.83.82.9
 
Adult members of family units with children
Couple with children
  1 child
  Male11.28.78.06.74.02.62.6
  Female11.67.96.86.03.63.23.3
  Total11.48.47.56.43.82.92.9
  2 children
  Male11.18.56.36.24.42.92.3
  Female9.88.47.06.33.34.03.6
  Total10.68.56.66.23.93.42.9
  3 or more children
  Male12.610.79.26.45.45.03.9
  Female12.29.07.97.02.74.23.8
  Total12.510.08.76.64.34.73.9
  All children
  Male11.69.27.76.44.63.52.9
  Female11.08.47.16.43.23.83.6
  Total11.38.97.46.44.03.63.2
Lone parent household
  1 child
  Male26.124.824.414.411.67.86.8
  Female21.117.616.210.211.08.25.3
  Total21.718.617.310.811.18.25.6
  2 children
  Male[16.4][8.5][7.7][18.2][2.7]*2.7
  Female21.818.217.218.713.88.76.3
  Total21.217.116.218.612.67.25.6
  3 or more children
  Male*****[2.7]*
  Female26.818.315.09.212.113.612.3
  Total25.519.414.47.811.010.810.9
  All children
  Male22.221.518.013.58.14.15.1
  Female22.117.816.413.012.09.06.6
  Total22.118.316.613.011.58.26.3
Total of all adult members of family units with children (couples with children and lone parents)
  1 child
  Male11.99.58.77.04.42.93.0
  Female14.410.89.47.26.04.74.0
  Total13.210.29.17.15.23.93.5
  2 children
  Male11.28.56.36.44.42.82.3
  Female11.79.78.58.34.84.84.1
  Total11.49.17.37.34.63.83.2
  3 or more children
  Male12.610.99.26.35.34.93.9
  Female14.19.98.67.23.85.25.0
  Total13.210.59.06.74.75.04.4
  All children
  Male11.89.57.96.64.73.53.0
  Female13.310.28.97.65.04.94.2
  Total12.59.88.47.14.84.13.6
 
Total of all adult members of all family units (couples without children, couples with children and lone parents)
  Male11.29.27.66.24.43.42.8
  Female11.89.28.27.14.74.84.0
  Total11.49.27.96.64.64.13.4
 
Other persons
Child members of family units
  Male32.429.022.720.517.414.714.6
  Female24.322.117.514.412.112.910.9
  Total29.026.120.617.915.114.013.0
Single person households
  Male19.715.614.013.210.68.76.2
  Female10.713.19.07.28.15.24.7
  Total15.714.411.710.59.57.25.5
All other persons not otherwise classified
  Male15.214.310.510.28.07.45.7
  Female8.08.06.87.15.33.13.9
  Total12.011.68.88.96.85.34.9
Total of all other persons
  Male25.322.118.016.513.411.610.5
  Female16.816.012.811.09.48.37.7
  Total21.619.515.714.111.710.29.3
 
Total of all persons
 Male15.913.511.09.77.56.25.6
 Female13.311.39.68.36.25.85.2
 Total14.712.510.49.16.96.05.4
¹ Unemployment rates include persons aged 15-74 only
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 13 Participation rates of adult members of family units classified by composition of family unit and age of youngest child and participation rates of all other persons
%
Family unit and non-family unit type/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Adult members of family units without children
Couple without children
  Male55.255.455.355.954.156.354.5
  Female48.248.548.550.248.248.046.5
  Total51.752.051.953.151.252.250.5
 
Adult members of family units with children
Couple with children
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male93.594.894.895.793.893.793.4
  Female69.670.371.771.871.073.371.2
  Total81.982.883.683.982.683.782.5
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male92.692.393.493.193.892.993.1
  Female67.767.766.570.070.572.972.9
  Total80.480.280.281.682.483.283.2
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male88.089.891.190.090.089.390.8
  Female68.768.771.568.867.072.377.1
  Total78.479.481.579.678.781.084.0
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male67.065.766.967.065.970.671.8
  Female49.448.650.448.049.255.551.3
  Total58.257.258.757.657.663.061.4
  All children
  Male87.187.488.087.887.187.988.2
  Female64.864.966.065.665.469.168.1
  Total76.176.377.276.876.478.678.2
Lone parent household
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male*****[91.9][97.9]
  Female56.051.153.054.554.457.158.4
  Total56.952.454.155.955.160.963.2
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male[70.9][73.9][60.8][78.0]*85.483.8
  Female71.566.262.166.166.671.371.2
  Total71.466.961.967.167.573.773.1
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male73.376.7[78.6][73.8][70.9][76.3]85.4
  Female75.171.972.169.375.276.074.5
  Total74.972.572.869.974.876.076.3
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male43.540.642.344.651.653.248.9
  Female39.339.139.540.339.246.843.9
  Total40.239.440.041.141.747.944.9
  All children
  Male55.653.854.257.859.772.472.6
  Female57.853.753.654.155.660.259.7
  Total57.653.753.754.656.162.161.8
Total of all adult members of family units with children (couples with children and lone parents)
  Youngest child aged 0-5
  Male93.594.694.695.793.893.793.5
  Female67.567.468.869.268.770.368.8
  Total79.780.381.081.680.581.280.3
  Youngest child aged 6-11
  Male92.191.992.792.793.592.592.6
  Female68.667.465.669.169.672.672.5
  Total79.078.577.979.880.481.981.6
  Youngest child aged 12-17
  Male87.389.390.689.389.388.790.5
  Female70.269.471.668.969.173.376.4
  Total77.978.480.278.278.180.282.7
  Youngest child aged 18 or greater
  Male64.662.864.564.964.469.069.4
  Female46.445.646.945.645.952.849.0
  Total54.353.154.653.953.959.857.8
  All children
  Male85.986.086.886.686.187.187.2
  Female63.262.563.263.163.267.066.1
  Total73.573.274.073.773.676.275.6
 
Total of all adult members of all family units (couples without children, couples with children and lone parents)
  Male75.075.175.675.574.775.675.2
  Female58.658.158.759.058.560.759.7
  Total66.366.266.766.866.167.766.9
 
Other persons
Child members of family units
  Male58.556.458.160.457.257.258.3
  Female54.051.252.257.253.950.853.5
  Total56.554.155.559.055.854.556.2
Single person households
  Male52.952.152.452.851.351.855.2
  Female36.836.436.435.635.936.438.6
  Total44.343.343.543.543.143.846.7
All other persons not otherwise classified
  Male71.372.670.569.573.073.769.2
  Female63.861.558.361.463.466.363.8
  Total67.867.464.665.768.669.966.7
Total of all other persons
  Male59.758.959.160.159.158.259.1
  Female50.248.648.250.549.948.449.5
  Total55.254.053.855.654.753.554.6
 
Total of all persons
 Male69.168.869.369.468.468.668.4
 Female55.854.855.056.155.556.456.0
 Total62.361.762.062.661.962.362.1
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 14 Participation rates of adult members of family units classified by composition of family unit and number of children and participation rates of all other persons
%
Family unit and non-family unit type/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Adult members of family units without children
Couple without children
  Male55.255.455.355.954.156.354.5
  Female48.248.548.550.248.248.046.5
  Total51.752.051.953.151.252.250.5
 
Adult members of family units with children
Couple with children
  1 child
  Male80.281.081.179.579.480.982.6
  Female66.463.766.263.461.868.764.8
  Total73.472.573.871.570.774.873.7
  2 children
  Male91.390.690.991.991.090.991.9
  Female68.870.269.870.370.573.073.6
  Total80.280.680.681.381.082.182.9
  3 or more children
  Male89.690.692.392.390.491.589.2
  Female57.259.360.662.062.464.564.0
  Total73.875.276.877.276.778.376.8
  All children
  Male87.187.488.087.887.187.988.2
  Female64.864.966.065.665.469.168.1
  Total76.176.377.276.876.478.678.2
Lone parent household
  1 child
  Male50.952.251.753.355.464.268.2
  Female57.453.753.054.054.658.959.0
  Total56.553.452.953.954.759.660.6
  2 children
  Male60.854.760.861.766.580.880.5
  Female60.557.857.160.960.668.464.3
  Total60.557.557.561.061.270.467.2
  3 or more children
  Male[77.5][63.1][53.9]**[81.6][74.8]
  Female54.446.149.241.050.348.454.6
  Total56.347.849.744.152.054.157.0
  All children
  Male55.653.854.257.859.772.472.6
  Female57.853.753.654.155.660.259.7
  Total57.653.753.754.656.162.161.8
Total of all adult members of family units with children (couples with children and lone parents)
  1 child
  Male78.078.779.277.777.679.681.1
  Female63.460.461.960.459.465.362.7
  Total69.668.269.367.867.071.470.4
  2 children
  Male90.689.890.391.190.490.491.4
  Female67.368.267.668.568.872.171.9
  Total78.278.478.279.179.080.781.1
  3 or more children
  Male89.490.291.692.190.391.288.9
  Female56.857.759.159.360.762.362.5
  Total72.473.374.874.774.876.374.9
  All children
  Male85.986.086.886.686.187.187.2
  Female63.262.563.263.163.267.066.1
  Total73.573.274.073.773.676.275.6
 
Total of all adult members of all family units (couples without children, couples with children and lone parents)
  Male75.075.175.675.574.775.675.2
  Female58.658.158.759.058.560.759.7
  Total66.366.266.766.866.167.766.9
 
Other persons
Child members of family units
  Male58.556.458.160.457.257.258.3
  Female54.051.252.257.253.950.853.5
  Total56.554.155.559.055.854.556.2
Single person households
  Male52.952.152.452.851.351.855.2
  Female36.836.436.435.635.936.438.6
  Total44.343.343.543.543.143.846.7
All other persons not otherwise classified
  Male71.372.670.569.573.073.769.2
  Female63.861.558.361.463.466.363.8
  Total67.867.464.665.768.669.966.7
Total of all other persons
  Male59.758.959.160.159.158.259.1
  Female50.248.648.250.549.948.449.5
  Total55.254.053.855.654.753.554.6
 
Total of all persons
 Male69.168.869.369.468.468.668.4
 Female55.854.855.056.155.556.456.0
 Total62.361.762.062.661.962.362.1
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 15 Duration of unemployment of adult members of family units classified by composition of family unit and sex
'000
Family unit type/ Duration of unemployment/ SexQ2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Q2 19
Couple without children
Less than 1 year
 Male 6.85.64.6[4.0]***
 Female 6.45.9[5.0][5.4]*[6.5]*
 Total 13.211.59.69.37.511.4[7.0]
1 year or over
 Male 12.611.79.66.7[4.5]**
 Female 6.95.86.6[5.2]***
 Total 19.417.516.111.97.3[4.8][4.8]
Not stated
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Total
 Male 19.417.614.310.97.7[7.6][5.6]
 Female 13.411.911.511.2[7.5]8.9[6.6]
 Total 32.729.525.822.115.216.512.2
Couple with children
Less than 1 year
 Male 20.018.114.112.69.38.38.5
 Female 22.216.515.817.08.411.811.9
 Total 42.234.630.029.617.720.120.5
1 year or over
 Male 47.735.931.224.316.810.07.6
 Female 24.319.015.310.6[5.5][4.9]*
 Total 72.054.846.535.022.314.911.1
Not stated
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Total
 Male 68.354.446.538.027.420.416.7
 Female 46.835.631.127.814.216.915.8
 Total 115.090.077.665.841.637.232.5
Lone parent
Less than 1 year
 Male *******
 Female 11.47.47.7[5.6][6.3][6.0][5.4]
 Total 11.98.38.3[6.3]6.7[6.6][5.6]
1 year or over
 Male [2.7]******
 Female 13.09.88.67.36.5[4.6]*
 Total 15.811.910.58.67.4[5.0]*
Not stated
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Total
 Male [3.2][3.2]*****
 Female 24.417.416.413.113.210.68.3
 Total 27.620.519.015.214.511.79.8
All family units
Less than 1 year
 Male 27.324.619.417.212.813.811.1
 Female 40.029.828.528.019.224.222.0
 Total 67.354.447.945.231.938.133.1
1 year or over
 Male 63.049.742.632.322.213.012.1
 Female 44.234.630.523.214.911.77.9
 Total 107.284.373.155.537.024.720.0
Not stated
 Male *******
 Female *******
 Total *******
Total
 Male 90.975.163.351.036.429.023.8
 Female 84.564.959.152.134.936.430.7
  Total 175.4140.0122.3103.271.365.454.5
Note: For the purpose of this table, an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition users should note that the grossing factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.

Background Notes

Introduction

This release presents an analysis of households and members of family units from the Labour Force Survey.

Estimated number of households

The average grossing factor of all members of a household is used to calculate the number of households. As a result, the number of households should be treated as indicative only.

Family unit coding

For the purpose of the data in this release it can be noted that an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition, users should note that the adjustment factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.

 A family unit itself consists of either:

1. a married couple, or

2. a married couple and one or more of their never-married children, or

3. one parent and one or more of his or her never-married children, or

4. a couple living together (with never-married children, if any) who are not married to each other, where it is clear that the couple form a “de facto” family unit.

Households may contain more than one family unit or may contain a family together with other persons not in a family unit as defined above.

Jobless Households

The Labour Force Survey is the official source of data for the jobless household indicator.

The indicator "People aged 18 - 59 years living in jobless households" is calculated as the share of persons aged 18 - 59 who are living in households where no one is in employment. Students aged 18 - 24 who live in households composed solely of students (persons who have indicated that their Principal Economic Status is Student) of the same age class are not included. The indicator "People aged 0 - 17 years living in jobless households" is calculated as the share of persons aged 0 - 17 who are living in households where no one is in employment.

Purpose of the Labour Force Survey

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) at the beginning of Q3 2017.  The purpose of the survey is the production of quarterly labour force estimates and occasional reports on special social topics. The survey meets the requirements of Council Regulation (EC) No. 577/98, adopted in March 1998, which required the introduction of quarterly labour force surveys in EU member states.

Reference Period

Information is collected continuously throughout the year from households surveyed each week in each quarter. Up to and including the fourth quarter of 2008 the QNHS operated on a seasonal quarter basis since its establishment in Q4 1997. The LFS is undertaken on a calendar quarter basis which was first adopted in the QNHS in the first quarter of 2009.

The reference quarters for survey results are:

Q1 - January to March, Q2 - April to June, Q3 - July to September and Q4 - October to December

Data Collection

The LFS is conducted using mixed mode data collection with the introduction of Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI). As with the QNHS, information is collected from each sample household over 5 successive quarters or Waves. However, in the LFS, the first interview is conducted by a team of face-to-face interviewers using Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI). The four follow-up interviews are conducted using CATI from a dedicated call centre, where householders have agreed to conduct a telephone interview. Face-to-face interviews where householders have not agreed to conduct a telephone interview.

Sample Design

A new sample based on the 2011 Census of Population was selected for the LFS and this was introduced incrementally from Q1 2016. The sample is stratified using administrative county and the Pobal HP (Haase and Pratschke) Deprivation Index. A two-stage sample design is used. In the first stage, 1,300 blocks are selected using Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling. In the second stage, households are selected using Simple Random Sampling (SRS). This ensures each household in the sample frame has an equal probability of selection.

To account for the additional attrition as a result of the introduction of mixed mode data collection, the LFS sample was incrementally from Q3 2017. An additional 1,300 households were included in Wave 1 for each quarter and this has resulted in a total sample of 31,200 households in Q2 2018. As the sample is being increased by 1,300 households per Wave, the final design sample will increase to 32,500 households by Q3 2018.  The actual achieved sample varies over time depending on the level of response.

The number of valid responding households for the LFS in Q2 2018 was 14,071.

Households are asked to take part in the survey for five consecutive quarters and are then replaced by other households in the same block. Thus, one fifth of the households in the survey are replaced each quarter and the QNHS/LFS sample involves an overlap of 80% between consecutive quarters and 20% between the same quarter in consecutive years. It is important to note that there is no overlap in sample between the QNHS and the LFS.

The survey results are weighted to agree with population estimates broken down by age, sex and region (the regions have changed from Q1 2018 – see below) and are also calibrated to nationality control totals. The LFS results also contain a non-response adjustment to make the results from the achieved sample representative of the target sample and the population. The population estimates for April of each year are published in a separate release.

New samples, both based on the 2011 Census of Population, were introduced incrementally for the QNHS in Q4 2012 and in Q3 2016. The former was stratified using administrative county and population density while the latter was stratified using administrative county and the Pobal HP (Haase and Pratschke) Deprivation Index. The quarterly sample in each case was 26,000 households. The actual achieved sample varied over time depending on the level of response.

Estimated number of households

The average grossing factor of all members of a household is used to calculate the number of households. As a result, the number of households should be treated as indicative only.

Family unit coding

For the purpose of the data in this release it can be noted that an adult member of a family unit is either a lone parent or a member of a couple. Never married persons (regardless of age) living with a parent or parents are defined as children provided those persons are themselves not part of a separate family unit. In addition, users should note that the adjustment factors assigned to each spouse within a family unit may differ.

 A family unit itself consists of either:

1. a married couple, or

2. a married couple and one or more of their never-married children, or

3. one parent and one or more of his or her never-married children, or

4. a couple living together (with never-married children, if any) who are not married to each other, where it is clear that the couple form a “de facto” family unit.

Households may contain more than one family unit or may contain a family together with other persons not in a family unit as defined above.

Jobless Households

The Labour Force Survey is the official source of data for the jobless household indicator.

The indicator "People aged 18 - 59 years living in jobless households" is calculated as the share of persons aged 18 - 59 who are living in households where no one is in employment. Students aged 18 - 24 who live in households composed solely of students (persons who have indicated that their Principal Economic Status is Student) of the same age class are not included. The indicator "People aged 0 - 17 years living in jobless households" is calculated as the share of persons aged 0 - 17 who are living in households where no one is in employment.

Comparison to Census of Population results

The data in this release is not directly comparable to the results from the Census of Population. Both sources are collected in different ways and this can lead to differences in estimates between the two sources. In addition, as noted above, the LFS is a voluntary sample survey, while the Census of Population is a mandatory survey of the entire population. In addition, the Census of Population is a self-completed paper questionnaire whereas in the LFS, questions are asked using a combination of CAPI and CATI and that may lead to differences in understanding and interpreting the questions.

Usual residence and de facto population concepts

Up to and including Q1 2006 the annual population estimates were calculated using the de facto definition of population (i.e. all persons present in the State). From Q2 2006 onwards a new concept of usual residence has been used, i.e. all persons usually resident and present in the state plus absent persons who are usually resident in Ireland but are temporarily away from home and outside the State. The LFS uses the concept of usual residence.

Households with all persons aged 75 and over and classified as inactive

Households which contain only respondents who are aged 75 or over who are each classified as Inactive (Not in the Labour Force) are not re-interviewed. This is to reduce unnecessary burden and instead answers are copied forward from the last available interview.

Statistical significance

All estimates based on sample surveys are subject to error, some of which is measurable. Where an estimate is statistically significantly different from another estimate it means that we can be 95% confident that differences between those two estimates are not due to sampling error.

ILO Labour Force Classification

The primary classification used for the LFS results is the ILO (International Labour Office) labour force classification. Labour Force Survey data on this basis have been published since 1988. The ILO classification distinguishes the following main subgroups of the population aged 15 or over:

In Employment: Persons who worked in the week before the survey for one hour or more for payment or profit, including work on the family farm or business and all persons who had a job but were not at work because of illness, holidays etc. in the week.

Unemployed: Persons who, in the week before the survey, were without work and available for work within the next two weeks, and had taken specific steps, in the preceding four weeks, to find work. It should be noted that as per Eurostat’s operational implementation, the upper age limit for classifying a person as unemployed is 74 years.

Inactive Population (not in labour force): All other persons.

The labour force comprises persons employed plus unemployed.

Participation, Employment and Unemployment Rates

The rates given in this release are based on the ILO classification. The Participation Rate is the number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the total population aged 15 or over. The Employment Rate is the number of employed aged 15 to 64 expressed as a percentage of the total population aged 15 to 64.

To ensure coherence with Unemployment Rates produced by Eurostat, the CSO changed the method of calculation of the Unemployment Rate as of Q2 2015. Prior to this, the Unemployment Rate was calculated as the number of unemployed expressed as a percentage of the total labour force aged 15 and over. The change introduced limits the labour force to persons aged 15-74 and this excludes a small number of persons aged 75 and over in employment from the total labour force used in the calculation. The overall impact of this change was minimal.

Duration of Unemployment

The duration of unemployment is the length of time since a person last had a job or began looking for work, whichever is more recent. The long-term unemployment rate is the number of persons unemployed for one year or more expressed as a percentage of the total labour force aged 15 to 74 years.

NUTS2 and NUTS3 Regions

The regional classifications in this release is based on the NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units) classification used by Eurostat. Until Q4 2017, the NUTS3 regions corresponded to the eight Regional Authorities established under the Local Government Act, 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993, which came into operation on 1 January 1994 while the NUTS2 regions, which were proposed by Government and agreed by Eurostat in 1999, were groupings of those historic NUTS3 regions.

However, the NUTS3 boundaries were amended on 21st of November 2016 under Regulation (EC) No. 2066/2016 and have come into force from Q1 2018. These new groupings are reflected in the LFS results from Q1 2018 onwards. The changes resulting from the amendment are that County Louth has moved from the Border to the Mid-East and what was formerly South Tipperary has moved from the South-East to the Mid-West, resulting in the new NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions:

Northern & Western NUTS2 Region Southern NUTS2 Region Eastern & Midland NUTS2 Region
Border Cavan Mid-West Clare Dublin Dublin City
  Donegal   Limerick City & County   Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown
  Leitrim   Tipperary   Fingal
  Monaghan       South Dublin
  Sligo        
    South-East Carlow Mid-East Kildare
West Galway City   Kilkenny   Meath
  Galway County   Waterford City & County   Wicklow
  Mayo   Wexford   Louth
  Roscommon        
        Midland Laois
    South-West Cork City   Longford
      Cork County   Offaly
      Kerry   Westmeath

 

Non-response adjustment

Non-response occurs when households that are sampled, and that are eligible for the survey, do not provide the requested information. This can lead to biased survey estimates if specific groups within the population are over- or under-represented and if these groups behave differently with respect to the survey variables (i.e. labour market outcomes). To correct for this, the CSO has introduced a non-response adjustment into the weighting procedure for the LFS.

The adjustment involves estimating response rates or propensities to respond as functions of characteristics available for responding and non-responding households, as well as characteristics of the areas where the households are located. Basically, the design weights have to be inflated by the inverse of the response propensities in order to compensate for the loss of units in the sample.

Linking the LFS sample with the Census of Population at household level provides a set of auxiliary variable which are available for both responding and non-responding LFS households. These include a mix of personal characteristics as well as characteristics of the dwelling and location (e.g. gender, age, marital status, education, personal employment status, dwelling type, area etc.). This allows the CSO to compare responding and non-responding households with respect to the characteristics available from the Census. This auxiliary information allows the use of “response propensities” to model non-response and adjust the grossing factors to compensate for non-response.

The response propensities are calculated using a logistic regression model where the dependent variable (Y) is an indicator variables corresponding to response (if the household responded then Y=1 and if the household did not respond then Y=0) and the independent variables are the set of auxiliary variables available from the Census. The estimated response propensities are then used to form adjustment cells or strata which are made up of respondents and non-respondents with similar estimated response propensities. Respondents within each cell/stratum are then weighted by the inverse of the observed response rate in that cell. This non-response adjusted weight is then used to inflate the original survey design weight to account for non-response. This approach is referred to as response propensity classification.

Back-casting methodology

The introduction of the LFS in Q3 2017 constituted a break in series for the labour market estimates published by the CSO. In an effort to mitigate the effect of the introduction of the LFS on the coherence of the historic data series, a back-casting exercise was carried out to link the QNHS and the LFS. The result of this is that the published QNHS series from Q1 1998 to Q2 2017 has been revised.

As part of the roll-out of the LFS, a parallel run of the two surveys was carried out. This allowed the estimation of the effect of the introduction of the new survey on the various labour market estimates. Quarter 1 of 2017 was used as the reference period to calculate scaling factors which were used to link the results from the two surveys. Labour market estimates were calculated from both surveys for a range of cohorts (age, sex, ILO status etc.) and the ratio of the two estimates provided a scaling factor which was applied to the historic QNHS series to create a back-cast series. 

In Q3 2017, separate scaling factors were calculated for ILO status by age and sex together with the fifteen economic sector categories (table 2 of this release) by sex:

  • ILO status (Employed, Unemployed, Inactive) by sex (Male and Female) and by age (15-24 years and 25+ years)
  • NACE Rev. 2 groups (table 2 of this release) by sex (Male and Female)

In Q1 2018, additional scaling factors were calculated for the eight NUTS3 regions by Labour Force ILO status, occupation categories (table 4 of this release) and highest level of education completed (supplementary table 8 of this release) by sex:

  • NUTS3 Regions (pre-Q1 2018 groupings) by Labour Force ILO status (Employed and Unemployed)
  • Occupation groups (table 4 of this release)
  • Highest level of education completed (supplementary table 8 of this release) by sex (Male and Female)

Therefore, adjustments have been made to this historic data to enable comparability with the new LFS for these indicators. However, as a result of changes to the questionnaire, the interview mode, the introduction of a new sample, data processing changes and other methodological enhancements there are changes in the levels of some series from Q3 2017 onwards. As a consequence the series before and after the introduction of the new survey may not be directly comparable and users should therefore note this when examining annual and quarterly changes.         

Please refer to the following information notes for further details:

Information Notice - Labour Force Survey Quarter 3 2017

Information Notice - Labour Force Survey Quarter 1 2018

Information Note - Labour Force Survey Quarter 2 2018

Reliability of Estimates Presented

Estimates for number of persons where there are less than 30 persons in a cell are too small to be considered reliable. These estimates are presented with an asterisk (*) in the relevant tables.

Where there are 30-49 persons in a cell, estimates are considered to have a wider margin of error and should be treated with caution. These cells are presented with parentheses [ ].

In the case of rates, these limits apply to the denominator used in generating the rate. In the case of annual changes, both the current year and the preceding year are taken into account when deciding whether the estimate should be suppressed or flagged as having a wider margin of error.

Calculation of Rates and Estimates of Change

Rates and estimates of change presented in this release are calculated from whole unrounded numbers. Due to rounding, these may differ from the rates and estimates of change calculated from the rounded volumes presented in the tables.

Interpretation of volume and rate changes