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For more information on this release:
E-mail: labour@cso.ie Sabrina Bowen (+353) 21 453 5151 Martina O'Callaghan (+353) 21 453 5491 Jim Dalton (+353) 21 453 5623
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 On-line ISSN
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Labour Force Survey Employment Series

Quarter 2 2012 - Quarter 2 2018

IndicatorQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18Change Q2 17 to Q2 18
Total Employed1,878,0001,926,3001,970,3002,049,7002,126,7002,180,9002,255,000 + 74,100

Number of persons in employment at 2,255,000 in Q2 2018 javascript:;

Figure 1 Numbers in employment(ILO) in the second quarters 2012 to 2018
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In Q2 2018, the number of persons in employment was 2,255,000, and this represented an increase of 74,100 (+3.4%) since Q2 2017. Full-time employment increased by 73,000 (+4.2%) to 1,798,700 during the same period and accounted for 79.8% of total employment in Q2 2018. Part-time employment increased by 1,100 (+0.2%) to 456,300 and accounted for 20.2% of total employment. See Tables 1 and 6.

The number of persons in employment has increased by 377,000 (+20.1%) between Q2 2012 and Q2 2018. Full-time employment (+374,200) accounted for virtually all of this increase while there was a very slight increase in part-time employment. See Table 1.

Employment Status

The total number of persons classified as self-employed increased by 24,700 (+8.1%) to 330,200 between Q2 2012 and Q2 2018. The number of employees increased by 22.9% from 1,556,200 to 1,913,100 over the same period. See Table 4.

There was an increase in the number of employees in all economic sectors over this period, the most notable increases were in the Accommodation and food service activities (+52,000 or +48.4%) and Construction (+45,400 or +89.5%) economic sectors. The number of self employed persons, however,  fell in some economic sectors with the greater decreases occurring in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing and the Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles sectors (both -5,100). See Table 4.

The Professional and Skilled trades occupational groups, rising by 72,200 and 49,100 respectively, showed the largest increase in the number of employees over the period. The greater increases in self employed were recorded in the Managers, directors and senior officials and Skilled trades groups with increases of 18,100 and 5,800 respectively. See Table 5.

 

Broad Occupational GroupSelf EmployedEmployees
181400112100
245100412200
334300232700
44600215600
5120900185800
613300170400
7*178000
819400154700
96700236300
10*15300
KEY  
1- Managers, directors and senior officials
2- Professional
3- Associate professional and technical
4- Administrative and secretarial
5- Skilled trades
6- Caring, leisure and other services
7- Sales and customer service
8- Process, plant and machine operatives
9- Elementary
10- Other/Not stated

Full-time/Part-time Status

The number of persons in part-time employment increased in nine of the fourteen economic sectors in the year to Q2 2018, with full-time employment having increased in eleven economic sectors. The largest annual increase in part-time employment was in the Administrative and support service activities sector (+4,200 or +15.7%). The Construction sector recorded the largest annual increases in the numbers of full-time employed at 24,400. See Table 6.

In Q2 2018, the Elementary occupational group had the largest number of part-time employees at 107,600 (43.6%) persons followed by the Sales and customer service group with 73,000 (40.2%) part-time employees. See Table 7.

In Q2 2012, part-time employment accounted for 24.1% (453,500) of total employment. This proportion had decreased to 20.2% (456,300) by Q2 2018. See Tables 6 and 7.

Average Usual Hours Worked per Week

The average usual hours worked per week in Q2 2018 was 36.5 hours compared to 35.2 hours six years earlier. Of the fourteen economic sectors, the Agriculture, forestry and fishing sector had the highest average at 50.4 hours per week in Q2 2018 with the Education sector having the lowest at 30.1 hours per week. See Table 8.

When classified by occupational group, the average usual hours worked per week by Managers, directors and senior officials was the highest at 43.8 hours in Q2 2018The Elementary group had the lowest average hours worked per week at 30.1 hours for the same period. See Table 9.

Self-employed persons usually worked an average of 45.2 hours per week in Q2 2018, while the corresponding number for employees was 35.2 hours. The average for persons in full-time and part-time employment was 40.8 and 18.8 hours per week respectively. See Tables 10 and 11.

Duration of Employment

There were 1,749,600 persons in their current employment for 1 year or more in Q2 2018. This accounted for 77.6% of total employment and has declined from 84.8% in Q2 2012. The number of persons in their current employment for less than 1 year was 372,300 or 16.5% of total employment and this has increased from 13.3% in Q2 2012. See Table 12.

Local place of employment

Medium and large local places of employment (50 persons or more) employed 1,049,500 persons in Q2 2018 with smaller local places of employment (less than 50 persons) employing 932,200 persons in the same period. It should be noted that the full detailed local place of employment data are not available for the period Q3 2017 to Q3 2018. See Table 13.

Reasons for Part-time Employment

There were 456,300 persons in part-time employment in Q2 2018. The proportion of persons who gave the reason for being in part-time employment as Person could not find a full-time job was 16.7% (76,400 persons). This compares with Q2 2012 when 36.4% or 164,900 of persons in part-time employment gave their reason for being in part-time employment as Person could not find a full-time job. See Table 14.

Permanency of Employment

Permanent employment increased by 340,000 (+24.8%) to 1,711,600 persons between Q2 2012 and Q2 2018, while temporary employment increased by 24,000 (+14.2%) to 193,300 persons. The proportion of employees in temporary employment was 10.1% in Q2 2018 down from 10.9% in Q2 2012. See Table 15.

In terms of volumes, the largest increases in temporary employment between Q2 2012 and Q2 2018 were in the Accommodation and food service activities (+5,800) and Administrative and support service activities (+3,500) and Education (+3,200) sectors. Together these sectoral increases accounted for 52.1% of the total increase in temporary employment over the period. See Table 15.

On the other hand, the Construction (+44,000), Accommodation and food service activities (+44,000), Industry (+41,900) sectors showed the largest volume changes in permanent employment and these accounted for 38.2% of the overall increase over the period. See Table 15.

Supervisory Duties

Out of a total of 1,913,100 employees in Q2 2018, there were 562,300 (29.4%) employees classified as having supervisory duties, while 1,337,000 employees were classified as not having supervisory duties. The number of employees classified as having supervisory duties increased by 38,300 (+7.3%) in the year to Q2 2018. The overall number of employees increased by 3.9% (+71,200) over the year. See Table 19.

Table 1 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by detailed NACE Rev. 2 Economic Sector
'000
Detailed NACE Rev. 2 Economic SectorQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
01 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities106.9104.4101.5106.6110.0103.3101.2
02 Forestry and logging[3.8][4.3][3.8]****
03 Fishing and aquaculture*[4.2][3.5][3.2][3.0]**
05 Mining of coal and lignite*******
06 Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas*******
07 Mining of metal ores*******
08 Other mining and quarrying4.85.3[4.3]4.8[4.2][4.8][4.7]
09 Mining support service activities*******
10 Manufacture of food products46.047.751.251.554.052.351.3
11 Manufacture of beverages6.15.65.65.8[4.7][5.4][5.1]
12 Manufacture of tobacco products*******
13 Manufacture of textiles*[3.2]*[3.2]***
14 Manufacture of wearing apparel*[3.6][3.7][3.5]***
15 Manufacture of leather and related products*******
16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials3.85.44.4[3.6][3.6][3.5]*
17 Manufacture of paper and paper products*[2.8][2.7]****
18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media6.78.98.77.89.08.38.0
19 Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products*******
20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products[2.5][3.1]*[3.3][4.4]**
21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations29.835.832.736.443.043.241.6
22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products5.94.9[4.2][3.7]6.3[5.6][4.9]
23 Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products6.25.26.26.06.2[5.9][6.2]
24 Manufacture of basic metals4.1*[2.7][3.5][5.0][5.3][4.6]
25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment12.012.411.914.813.815.711.3
26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products26.322.426.327.325.728.820.3
27 Manufacture of electrical equipment******[4.3]
28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.28.831.729.635.837.935.3[6.8]
29 Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers[3.3][3.6][2.9][3.9][4.5]*[5.3]
30 Manufacture of other transport equipment*******
31 Manufacture of furniture4.4[3.7][4.6]6.37.16.37.5
32 Other manufacturing7.46.06.35.87.010.144.0
33 Repair and installation of machinery and equipment4.84.54.94.76.07.1[4.8]
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply9.910.210.48.711.613.212.6
36 Water collection, treatment and supply**[2.6][3.0]**[4.0]
37 Sewerage*******
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities; materials recovery6.88.88.98.65.68.2[6.2]
39 Remediation activities and other waste management services*******
41 Construction of buildings37.937.342.651.054.556.651.8
42 Civil engineering5.07.25.25.66.46.312.5
43 Specialised construction activities38.441.743.052.558.465.181.4
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles31.432.638.141.738.637.732.2
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles52.060.053.251.353.857.854.1
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles187.7188.0192.6195.8201.5205.0211.8
49 Land transport and transport via pipelines44.341.644.746.751.049.149.2
50 Water transport*******
51 Air transport9.38.411.011.07.510.0[6.4]
52 Warehousing and support activities for transportation13.313.413.614.716.818.723.1
53 Postal and courier activities16.115.714.915.415.713.715.6
55 Accommodation47.252.057.556.652.858.856.9
56 Food and beverage service activities76.584.586.291.6102.3101.1120.2
58 Publishing activities[4.2][5.0]6.25.9[6.2][4.7][5.7]
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities[4.2][4.7]5.8[3.6]7.58.2[6.3]
60 Programming and broadcasting activities6.1[4.4][3.9][4.1][4.6]*[4.4]
61 Telecommunications20.719.020.319.316.018.117.5
62 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities53.556.555.361.262.370.475.5
63 Information service activities6.36.36.96.58.89.6*
64 Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding63.665.064.665.968.668.364.0
65 Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security18.622.121.321.221.521.223.1
66 Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities7.05.56.08.17.07.212.0
68 Real estate activities10.98.99.312.611.510.411.6
69 Legal and accounting activities26.531.632.433.134.533.850.4
70 Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities8.35.96.15.58.39.29.6
71 Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis29.928.432.535.529.031.643.2
72 Scientific research and development5.25.67.98.37.98.6[6.2]
73 Advertising and market research6.58.27.07.88.811.411.9
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities29.233.535.034.335.935.615.7
75 Veterinary activities[3.1][3.5][4.0][3.5][4.5]*[4.1]
77 Rental and leasing activities6.2[5.4]7.07.27.6[7.6]10.3
78 Employment activities9.26.48.38.59.113.410.2
79 Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and related activities7.87.28.57.6[6.6]9.38.6
80 Security and investigation activities13.513.716.116.613.818.115.1
81 Services to buildings and landscape activities28.123.325.726.236.330.943.9
82 Office administrative, office support and other business support activities10.814.313.712.015.714.915.6
84 Public administration and defence; compulsory social security88.886.188.793.297.498.9105.6
85 Education139.3145.4147.0148.4149.7156.9166.6
86 Human health activities168.3163.9167.6162.1171.6172.2163.2
87 Residential care activities24.527.924.730.727.630.937.5
88 Social work activities without accommodation64.266.969.973.771.777.485.2
90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities13.914.616.014.918.416.210.3
91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities[3.8][4.6][4.7]5.4[4.9][4.9][4.7]
92 Gambling and betting activities7.45.85.16.1[5.4]7.8[7.6]
93 Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities22.923.623.223.829.827.629.1
94 Activities of membership organisations14.813.712.817.113.216.019.0
95 Repair of computers and personal and household goods*******
96 Other personal service activities31.234.233.231.136.035.534.9
97 Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel8.26.86.78.98.86.38.4
99 Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies[2.6][4.0]3.8****
Not stated***7.27.16.99.8
Total persons1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 2 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by detailed occupational group (UK SOC2010)
'000
Detailed occupational group   Q2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
1 Managers, directors and senior officials162.9164.0168.4179.3187.1191.5194.0
11 Corporate managers and directors114.5113.5119.6126.5127.0138.9119.3
111 Chief Executives and senior officials[3.1][3.0]***[4.4][4.4]
112 Production managers and directors13.813.416.816.820.722.022.1
113 Functional managers and directors65.165.070.267.365.272.049.6
115 Financial institution managers and directors5.65.4[4.0]6.17.7[5.8][6.4]
116 Managers and directors in transport and logistics7.37.56.07.69.07.39.2
117 Senior officers in protective services*******
118 Health and social services managers and directors******[4.1]
119 Managers and directors in retail and wholesale16.915.716.220.818.423.222.2
12 Other managers and proprietors48.450.648.852.860.252.674.7
121 Managers and proprietors in agriculture related services****[3.8]*[4.9]
122 Managers and proprietors in hospitality and leisure services20.821.721.223.228.023.927.6
124 Managers and proprietors in health and care services*******
125 Managers and proprietors in other services23.624.223.526.126.625.039.4
2 Professional387.9398.7399.9407.4420.9434.9457.6
21 Science, research, engineering and technology professionals90.985.588.092.195.7111.6106.6
211 Natural and social science professionals11.311.312.512.213.516.114.4
212 Engineering professionals22.620.320.925.423.831.333.6
213 Information technology and telecommunications professionals53.752.051.850.156.061.154.9
214 Conservation and environment professionals[2.7]******
215 Research and development managers*******
22 Health professionals106.0103.5101.9100.097.1105.1111.8
221 Health professionals30.132.833.233.429.835.336.7
222 Therapy professionals9.77.610.410.211.912.013.8
223 Nursing and midwifery professionals66.363.158.356.455.457.861.4
23 Teaching and educational professionals95.1103.2102.5105.3106.1109.4115.7
231 Teaching and educational professionals95.1103.2102.5105.3106.1109.4115.7
24 Business, media and public service professionals96.0106.5107.6110.0122.0108.9123.4
241 Legal professionals13.413.011.712.615.011.815.7
242 Business, research and administrative professionals52.360.562.761.967.860.867.6
243 Architects, town planners and surveyors11.69.310.611.411.010.415.9
244 Welfare professionals7.68.08.07.311.59.57.5
245 Librarians and related professionals*[4.1]*****
246 Quality and regulatory professionals[3.7]5.3[4.3]7.26.1[5.7][6.8]
247 Media professionals[5.1]6.27.46.87.37.8[7.4]
3 Associate professional and technical224.2231.9238.5254.7260.8275.1267.4
31 Science, engineering and technology associate professionals37.334.938.143.946.750.355.6
311 Science, engineering and production technicians21.420.219.623.527.626.229.0
312 Draughtspersons and related architectural technicians[2.8][3.3][3.0][2.9][3.5]**
313 Information technology technicians13.111.415.517.515.721.222.6
32 Health and social care associate professionals17.118.519.120.419.121.719.3
321 Health associate professionals9.09.39.010.011.011.08.8
323 Welfare and housing associate professionals8.29.210.110.48.110.710.5
33 Protective service occupations25.723.222.821.622.722.624.7
331 Protective service occupations25.723.222.821.622.722.624.7
34 Culture, media and sports occupations29.731.433.534.635.238.040.1
341 Artistic, literary and media occupations16.016.118.619.218.719.521.8
342 Design occupations5.66.16.36.76.27.9[6.8]
344 Sports and fitness occupations8.29.28.68.710.310.611.5
35 Business and public service associate professionals114.3123.9124.9134.2137.1142.5127.8
351 Transport associate professionals***[2.8]***
352 Legal associate professionals**[3.7]**[4.8]*
353 Business, finance and related associate professionals30.330.532.437.538.842.944.0
354 Sales, marketing and related associate professionals56.162.160.264.265.561.350.3
355 Conservation and environmental associate professionals*******
356 Public services and other associate professionals23.526.126.326.127.631.428.8
4 Administrative and secreterial192.2197.8203.7198.2203.7210.6223.1
41 Administrative occupations152.3161.2165.7158.6159.6170.9182.8
411 Administrative occupations: Government and related organisations34.632.531.628.531.432.947.7
412 Administrative occupations: Finance49.249.947.546.747.247.448.6
413 Administrative occupations: Records15.718.018.916.316.721.616.4
415 Other administrative occupations46.754.359.557.955.259.561.7
416 Administrative occupations: Office managers and supervisors6.06.78.29.39.29.48.5
42 Secretarial and related occupations39.936.638.039.644.039.840.3
421 Secretarial and related occupations39.936.638.039.644.039.840.3
5 Skilled trades258.6259.7271.7292.7300.8302.0308.7
51 Skilled agricultural and related trades94.093.990.297.1100.692.186.6
511 Agricultural and related trades94.093.990.297.1100.692.186.6
52 Skilled metal, electrical and electronic trades74.275.485.087.387.491.180.2
521 Metal forming, welding and related trades7.36.88.69.911.110.210.4
522 Metal machining, fitting and instrument making trades20.622.224.127.623.423.714.5
523 Vehicle trades17.017.120.619.016.719.018.2
524 Electrical and electronic trades28.227.729.928.833.536.235.9
525 Skilled Metal, electrical and electronic trades supervisors*******
53 Skilled construction and building trades41.943.446.556.456.262.977.0
531 Construction and building trades31.132.533.842.742.045.354.7
532 Building finishing trades8.18.39.810.710.712.419.0
533 Construction and building trades supervisors[2.7][2.6][2.9][3.0][3.5]5.3*
54 Textiles, printing and other skilled trades48.546.950.151.956.655.965.0
541 Textiles and garments trades[2.1]******
542 Printing trades4.1[4.0][2.8][2.8][4.2]**
543 Food preparation and hospitality trades36.035.940.340.843.747.153.0
544 Other skilled trades6.25.24.86.06.6[4.7]7.6
6 Caring, leisure and other services144.9142.5145.4158.5166.6176.5184.4
61 Caring personal service occupations99.296.798.3115.7113.3127.9126.9
612 Childcare and related personal services36.033.134.838.937.841.447.8
613 Animal care and control services******[5.1]
614 Caring personal services61.361.961.474.872.783.574.0
62 Leisure, travel and related personal service occupations45.745.847.242.853.348.657.5
621 Leisure and travel services9.87.810.39.29.110.79.6
622 Hairdressers and related services22.923.223.323.125.526.525.9
623 Housekeeping and related services12.213.612.09.217.010.519.4
624 Cleaning and housekeeping managers and supervisors*******
7 Sales and customer service152.5159.4159.0167.4170.3173.1181.5
71 Sales occupations136.4144.1137.2146.8145.5144.4155.2
711 Sales assistants and retail cashiers124.5130.1122.3131.8131.4127.6131.0
712 Sales related occupations8.910.911.310.89.711.319.5
713 Sales supervisors[3.1][3.1][3.6][4.2][4.4][5.5][4.8]
72 Customer service occupations16.115.421.820.624.828.726.3
721 Customer service occupations13.913.017.116.222.423.623.1
722 Customer service managers and supervisors[2.2]*4.7[4.4]*[5.1]*
8 Process, plant and machine operatives139.1145.9146.1153.4162.4165.8174.3
81 Process, plant and machine operatives70.475.671.875.276.880.890.9
811 Process Operatives23.322.421.925.022.924.437.9
812 Plant and machine operatives7.07.69.17.07.19.89.8
813 Assemblers and routine operatives30.335.230.031.231.236.032.0
814 Construction operatives9.910.410.812.015.510.611.3
82 Transport and mobile machine drivers and operatives68.770.374.378.285.684.983.4
821 Road transport drivers53.755.257.760.869.065.263.2
822 Mobile machine drivers and operatives11.310.611.512.513.015.014.5
823 Other drivers and transport operatives3.74.65.15.0[3.6][4.7][5.7]
9 Elementary211.9223.4232.6234.7243.0242.6247.0
91 Elementary trades and related occupations55.759.361.960.758.761.246.8
911 Elementary agricultural occupations18.318.817.315.212.614.114.1
912 Elementary construction occupations27.129.935.433.633.736.120.4
913 Elementary process plant occupations9.59.78.710.711.510.412.1
92 Elementary administration and service occupations156.2164.2170.7174.0184.3181.4200.2
921 Elementary administration occupations9.39.58.59.97.47.48.6
923 Elementary cleaning occupations40.839.140.243.844.245.449.2
924 Elementary security occupations16.515.617.916.815.516.115.4
925 Elementary sales occupations*******
926 Elementary storage occupations20.222.821.522.421.622.724.2
927 Other elementary services occupations67.775.781.579.993.988.6101.0
Other/Not stated3.73.04.93.211.18.916.9
Total persons1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 3 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by NACE Rev. 2 Economic Sector and occupational group (UK SOC2010)
'000
NACE Rev.2 Economic Sector/Occupational groupQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
AAgriculture, forestry and fishing1. Managers, directors and senior officials[3.5][4.0][4.7]*[5.1]*[5.2]
2. Professional*******
3. Associate professional and technical*******
4. Administrative and secreterial*******
5. Skilled trades82.882.177.685.987.080.076.2
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service*******
8. Process, plant and machine operatives**[3.1]**[5.9]*
9. Elementary18.617.717.014.313.714.213.4
Other/Not stated*******
  Total113.2112.8108.7111.9115.4110.9106.5
B-FTotal Industry1. Managers, directors and senior officials24.827.628.530.636.233.435.0
2. Professional30.030.732.134.538.144.848.0
3. Associate professional and technical37.136.040.042.348.245.842.3
4. Administrative and secreterial20.720.621.321.521.923.123.2
5. Skilled trades89.191.893.6110.9118.1121.4135.6
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service5.28.06.68.36.88.5[5.9]
8. Process, plant and machine operatives70.376.472.576.378.284.096.1
9. Elementary34.838.440.142.242.143.230.8
Other/Not stated*******
  Total313.5330.7336.5369.0392.6406.9420.4
B-EIndustry1. Managers, directors and senior officials19.021.022.722.128.426.625.8
2. Professional28.426.529.731.432.437.436.7
3. Associate professional and technical33.133.036.338.643.042.437.5
4. Administrative and secreterial17.617.617.317.917.919.118.0
5. Skilled trades45.146.244.450.955.550.146.5
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service4.47.56.07.65.77.6[5.6]
8. Process, plant and machine operatives58.665.160.663.660.767.883.6
9. Elementary25.126.727.527.128.526.517.8
Other/Not stated*******
  Total232.2244.5245.7259.9273.3278.9274.7
FConstruction1. Managers, directors and senior officials5.86.65.88.57.86.89.1
2. Professional*[4.2]*[3.1]5.77.411.3
3. Associate professional and technical4.0[3.0][3.8][3.7]5.2[3.4][4.7]
4. Administrative and secreterial3.1[3.0]3.93.5[4.0][4.0][5.3]
5. Skilled trades44.145.649.260.062.671.389.2
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service*******
8. Process, plant and machine operatives11.711.311.912.717.516.212.5
9. Elementary9.711.612.615.213.516.713.0
Other/Not stated*******
  Total81.386.290.8109.0119.4128.0145.7
G-UTotal Services1. Managers, directors and senior officials134.6132.3134.8144.7145.8154.3153.7
2. Professional356.6366.8365.7371.6381.7388.2408.0
3. Associate professional and technical185.8193.9196.6210.2210.1227.5223.2
4. Administrative and secreterial170.3175.7180.9173.8180.1185.3196.4
5. Skilled trades86.785.6100.595.595.3100.496.9
6. Caring, leisure and other services142.6140.5143.0155.1163.1172.6181.0
7. Sales and customer service147.1151.0152.0158.6163.2164.3174.9
8. Process, plant and machine operatives65.766.470.473.380.975.674.2
9. Elementary157.9167.1175.4178.0187.2184.7202.7
Other/Not stated2.2[2.3]4.2*4.03.2[7.4]
  Total1,449.51,481.61,523.31,561.71,611.61,656.21,718.3
GWholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles1. Managers, directors and senior officials47.344.744.446.643.948.145.4
  2. Professional10.39.611.510.511.312.510.3
3. Associate professional and technical25.627.426.526.531.231.821.5
4. Administrative and secreterial17.222.322.518.422.122.920.6
5. Skilled trades22.624.126.826.523.024.523.1
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service115.5117.6117.3124.9122.0124.6137.4
8. Process, plant and machine operatives12.513.012.513.514.112.114.1
9. Elementary18.819.520.519.824.422.023.5
Other/Not stated*******
  Total271.2280.6283.9288.7294.0300.5298.1
HTransportation and storage 1. Managers, directors and senior officials6.34.85.87.06.6[5.7]8.6
2. Professional*******
3. Associate professional and technical4.75.05.45.3[4.3]5.9[5.6]
4. Administrative and secreterial9.98.89.07.78.410.910.5
5. Skilled trades3.6[2.7][3.6][2.7][3.1]**
6. Caring, leisure and other services[3.0]*****[5.0]
7. Sales and customer service**[2.6][2.4]***
8. Process, plant and machine operatives38.538.741.043.850.047.144.2
9. Elementary13.914.514.415.613.212.514.2
Other/Not stated*******
  Total83.880.886.389.793.093.097.4
IAccommodation and food service activities1. Managers, directors and senior officials21.821.019.522.225.522.725.5
2. Professional*******
3. Associate professional and technical[3.1][3.3][4.4][4.7]***
4. Administrative and secreterial5.85.67.06.65.76.3[7.8]
5. Skilled trades19.820.724.425.026.231.135.0
6. Caring, leisure and other services4.15.55.1*6.0*[6.4]
7. Sales and customer service7.36.36.17.36.2[5.8]*
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary59.970.673.478.179.883.294.5
Other/Not stated*******
  Total123.7136.5143.7148.2155.2159.8177.1
JInformation and communication1. Managers, directors and senior officials10.49.89.910.110.013.711.5
2. Professional39.440.437.838.444.747.147.8
3. Associate professional and technical22.325.324.728.425.727.933.7
4. Administrative and secreterial5.7[5.3]6.47.27.77.9[5.4]
5. Skilled trades7.95.57.97.37.49.3[6.0]
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service6.15.17.1[5.1][5.9][5.2][8.0]
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary*******
Other/Not stated*******
  Total94.995.898.4100.6105.4114.4115.3
K-LFinancial, insurance and real estate activities1. Managers, directors and senior officials13.313.512.615.016.015.218.2
2. Professional19.621.922.322.823.120.324.4
3. Associate professional and technical23.422.923.129.628.830.631.0
4. Administrative and secreterial36.234.433.230.826.728.528.1
5. Skilled trades*******
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service4.56.05.96.59.97.7[6.0]
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary*******
Other/Not stated*******
  Total100.2101.6101.3107.8108.7107.1110.7
MProfessional, scientific and technical activities1. Managers, directors and senior officials7.08.79.09.37.713.49.1
2. Professional58.860.561.165.766.362.166.6
3. Associate professional and technical19.720.821.121.921.928.131.9
4. Administrative and secreterial10.011.014.014.715.714.521.4
5. Skilled trades8.09.311.110.19.06.7[6.0]
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service**[2.9]****
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary*******
Other/Not stated*******
  Total108.7116.7124.9128.1128.9133.9141.2
NAdministrative and support service activities1. Managers, directors and senior officials6.55.8[6.2]6.5[7.1][6.9]8.4
2. Professional*******
3. Associate professional and technical7.17.09.58.79.412.99.8
4. Administrative and secreterial9.611.310.812.210.612.19.6
5. Skilled trades8.17.29.48.110.810.110.7
6. Caring, leisure and other services5.2[3.2][4.3][4.0]*[5.5][6.7]
7. Sales and customer service[4.3]4.6[4.7][3.9]7.78.99.9
8. Process, plant and machine operatives[3.6]*****[5.3]
9. Elementary28.226.228.528.933.933.338.3
Other/Not stated*******
  Total75.570.379.378.189.194.2103.7
OPublic administration and defence; compulsory social security1. Managers, directors and senior officials4.05.55.45.7[5.3]8.8*
2. Professional9.58.49.015.211.111.210.9
3. Associate professional and technical33.731.831.931.331.530.336.8
4. Administrative and secreterial32.133.933.731.935.936.947.2
5. Skilled trades[2.1]***[3.2]**
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service*******
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary4.7[2.9][3.2][2.9][3.8][3.8]*
Other/Not stated*******
  Total88.886.188.793.297.498.9105.6
PEducation1. Managers, directors and senior officials**[2.8][2.6][3.2]**
2. Professional93.9101.8101.5103.3103.9107.3115.7
3. Associate professional and technical8.18.39.29.97.511.29.1
4. Administrative and secreterial9.58.49.58.510.910.210.1
5. Skilled trades***[2.2]***
6. Caring, leisure and other services17.217.614.715.716.517.323.1
7. Sales and customer service*******
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary5.15.15.34.24.8[4.4]*
Other/Not stated*******
  Total139.3145.4147.0148.4149.7156.9166.6
QHuman health and social work activities 1. Managers, directors and senior officials8.28.510.18.79.87.810.7
2. Professional108.8107.6106.2101.4105.0109.4114.4
3. Associate professional and technical17.920.820.720.721.622.119.6
4. Administrative and secreterial22.122.322.922.924.621.224.5
5. Skilled trades6.45.65.55.0[4.2][4.0][5.4]
6. Caring, leisure and other services76.675.377.691.188.999.694.3
7. Sales and customer service*******
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary13.514.114.612.912.311.313.0
Other/Not stated*******
  Total257.0258.6262.3266.6270.9280.5286.0
R-UOther NACE activities 1. Managers, directors and senior officials7.77.99.210.810.88.79.8
2. Professional10.610.99.38.710.412.79.8
3. Associate professional and technical20.321.420.223.225.123.622.8
4. Administrative and secreterial12.312.311.812.811.813.911.1
5. Skilled trades6.37.57.65.86.16.5[5.3]
6. Caring, leisure and other services33.032.733.534.139.738.041.3
7. Sales and customer service[3.5][3.5]*[3.6][3.9]**
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary9.99.69.311.49.99.310.5
Other/Not stated**[2.3]****
  Total106.3109.2107.5112.2119.5117.0116.6
Not stated1. Managers, directors and senior officials*******
2. Professional*******
3. Associate professional and technical*******
4. Administrative and secreterial*******
5. Skilled trades*******
6. Caring, leisure and other services*******
7. Sales and customer service*******
8. Process, plant and machine operatives*******
9. Elementary*******
Other/Not stated***[2.4]6.2[4.7][7.2]
  Total***7.27.16.99.8
All persons1. Managers, directors and senior officials162.9164.0168.4179.3187.1191.5194.0
2. Professional387.9398.7399.9407.4420.9434.9457.6
3. Associate professional and technical224.2231.9238.5254.7260.8275.1267.4
4. Administrative and secreterial192.2197.8203.7198.2203.7210.6223.1
5. Skilled trades258.6259.7271.7292.7300.8302.0308.7
6. Caring, leisure and other services144.9142.5145.4158.5166.6176.5184.4
7. Sales and customer service152.5159.4159.0167.4170.3173.1181.5
8. Process, plant and machine operatives139.1145.9146.1153.4162.4165.8174.3
9. Elementary211.9223.4232.6234.7243.0242.6247.0
Other/Not stated3.73.04.93.211.18.916.9
   Total persons1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 4 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by NACE Rev. 2 Economic Sector and employment status
'000
NACE Rev.2 Economic Sector/Employment status Q2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
AAgriculture, forestry and fishingSelf-employed (with paid employees)7.38.46.98.09.68.310.2
Self-employed (with no paid employees)70.367.967.469.667.965.462.4
Total self employed77.676.374.377.577.573.772.5
Employee25.927.928.127.828.230.328.2
Assisting relative9.78.66.46.79.7[6.9]5.8
   Total113.2112.8108.7111.9115.4110.9106.5
B-FTotal IndustrySelf-employed (with paid employees)17.016.516.019.218.820.923.9
Self-employed (with no paid employees)31.334.236.441.442.241.446.3
Total self employed48.350.752.460.661.062.370.2
Employee264.1278.7282.4305.8329.0342.7349.9
Assisting relative*******
   Total313.5330.7336.5369.0392.6406.9420.4
B-EIndustrySelf-employed (with paid employees)8.48.47.07.17.28.89.8
Self-employed (with no paid employees)9.711.412.613.914.911.910.9
Total self employed18.119.819.620.922.220.720.7
Employee213.4224.3225.4237.5249.5257.6253.8
Assisting relative*******
   Total232.2244.5245.7259.9273.3278.9274.7
FConstructionSelf-employed (with paid employees)8.68.19.012.111.512.114.1
Self-employed (with no paid employees)21.622.823.827.627.329.535.3
Total self employed30.130.932.839.638.841.649.4
Employee50.754.457.068.379.685.196.1
Assisting relative*******
   Total81.386.290.8109.0119.4128.0145.7
G-UTotal ServicesSelf-employed (with paid employees)66.665.067.868.268.368.768.9
Self-employed (with no paid employees)112.9116.7120.6119.8123.3120.2117.8
Total self employed179.6181.7188.5188.0191.6188.9186.7
Employee1,264.51,292.51,327.41,366.31,412.91,463.21,526.1
Assisting relative5.47.47.57.47.0[4.1][5.5]
   Total1,449.51,481.61,523.31,561.71,611.61,656.21,718.3
GWholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcyclesSelf-employed (with paid employees)18.017.117.819.418.217.516.4
Self-employed (with no paid employees)15.617.018.616.515.512.012.2
Total self employed33.634.236.435.933.729.528.5
Employee236.4244.6245.3251.2258.5270.0267.8
Assisting relative*******
   Total271.2280.6283.9288.7294.0300.5298.1
HTransportation and storage Self-employed (with paid employees)3.6[3.5][2.7][4.1][4.2][3.5]*
Self-employed (with no paid employees)16.815.418.518.019.316.314.5
Total self employed20.418.921.222.123.519.718.3
Employee63.161.164.667.269.373.179.1
Assisting relative*******
   Total83.880.886.389.793.093.097.4
IAccommodation and food service activitiesSelf-employed (with paid employees)10.87.79.49.29.39.212.2
Self-employed (with no paid employees)4.55.6[4.4]6.16.0[4.7][4.5]
Total self employed15.313.313.815.315.414.016.7
Employee107.5122.2128.8131.7138.6145.1159.5
Assisting relative*******
   Total123.7136.5143.7148.2155.2159.8177.1
JInformation and communicationSelf-employed (with paid employees)[3.5][4.1][4.1]**[4.5]*
Self-employed (with no paid employees)9.310.18.99.710.612.410.1
Total self employed12.814.213.012.213.016.913.2
Employee81.881.385.388.392.497.5101.8
Assisting relative*******
   Total94.995.898.4100.6105.4114.4115.3
K-LFinancial, insurance and real estate activitiesSelf-employed (with paid employees)[3.2]*[3.3][3.5]**[4.6]
Self-employed (with no paid employees)5.15.1[4.5]6.7[4.7][4.8][5.0]
Total self employed8.37.37.810.27.48.19.6
Employee91.994.193.497.2101.099.0100.9
Assisting relative*******
   Total100.2101.6101.3107.8108.7107.1110.7
MProfessional, scientific and technical activitiesSelf-employed (with paid employees)10.411.912.713.112.311.710.8
Self-employed (with no paid employees)22.723.523.621.819.822.824.4
Total self employed33.135.436.335.032.134.535.2
Employee75.280.788.292.296.098.9105.5
   Assisting relative*******
Total108.7116.7124.9128.1128.9133.9141.2
NAdministrative and support service activitiesSelf-employed (with paid employees)[4.0]***[4.7]*[4.6]
Self-employed (with no paid employees)7.77.08.26.18.27.68.0
Total self employed11.710.211.48.612.911.512.6
Employee63.660.167.469.476.082.491.0
Assisting relative*******
   Total75.570.379.378.189.194.2103.7
OPublic administration and defence; compulsory social securitySelf-employed (with paid employees)*******
Self-employed (with no paid employees)*******
Total self employed*******
Employee88.085.087.992.596.097.9104.4
Assisting relative*******
   Total88.886.188.793.297.498.9105.6
PEducationSelf-employed (with paid employees)*******
Self-employed (with no paid employees)4.7[4.0]4.15.44.85.8[5.6]
Total self employed6.26.45.77.26.87.87.7
Employee132.8138.7141.1141.1142.7149.1158.9
Assisting relative*******
   Total139.3145.4147.0148.4149.7156.9166.6
QHuman health and social work activitiesSelf-employed (with paid employees)6.36.56.15.7[4.7][6.0][4.8]
Self-employed (with no paid employees)9.28.68.89.29.911.612.3
Total self employed15.515.114.914.914.617.617.1
Employee240.6241.9245.9249.9255.2261.9268.1
Assisting relative*******
   Total257.0258.6262.3266.6270.9280.5286.0
R-UOther NACE activities Self-employed (with paid employees)5.16.36.76.27.66.9[6.3]
Self-employed (with no paid employees)16.719.220.519.623.321.620.5
Total self employed21.825.527.225.830.928.426.8
Employee83.782.879.585.687.388.189.0
Assisting relative*******
   Total106.3109.2107.5112.2119.5117.0116.6
Not statedSelf-employed (with paid employees)*******
Self-employed (with no paid employees)*******
Total self employed*******
Employee***6.16.8[5.7]8.9
Assisting relative*******
   Total***7.27.16.99.8
All personsSelf-employed (with paid employees)90.989.890.895.396.797.9103.2
Self-employed (with no paid employees)214.6218.8224.5231.8233.6228.0227.0
Total self employed305.5308.6315.3327.2330.3325.9330.2
Employee1,556.21,600.31,639.51,705.91,776.91,841.91,913.1
Assisting relative16.217.415.516.619.413.111.7
   Total1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 5 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by occupational group (UK SOC2010) and employment status
'000
Occupational group/Employment status   Q2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
a. Managers, directors and senior officialsSelf-employed (with paid employees)42.539.038.742.544.044.353.5
Self-employed (with no paid employees)20.826.125.023.224.020.727.9
Total self employed63.365.163.765.768.065.081.4
Employee99.298.7103.8112.7118.3125.8112.1
Assisting relative*******
Total162.9164.0168.4179.3187.1191.5194.0
b. ProfessionalSelf-employed (with paid employees)16.217.016.816.714.518.111.4
Self-employed (with no paid employees)31.027.928.428.529.133.933.8
Total self employed47.244.845.245.243.652.045.1
Employee340.0353.0353.8361.5376.9382.8412.2
Assisting relative*******
Total387.9398.7399.9407.4420.9434.9457.6
c. Associate professional and technicalSelf-employed (with paid employees)4.95.05.55.0[5.1][6.7][5.9]
Self-employed (with no paid employees)26.628.629.631.031.932.628.4
Total self employed31.533.635.136.037.039.334.3
Employee192.4197.6203.1218.3223.1235.5232.7
Assisting relative*******
Total224.2231.9238.5254.7260.8275.1267.4
d. Administrative and secreterialSelf-employed (with paid employees)*******
Self-employed (with no paid employees)[2.4]*[3.5][3.5]***
Total self employed3.9[4.0]5.64.9[4.7][4.1][4.6]
Employee187.2191.5195.7191.0196.7204.8215.6
Assisting relative*******
Total192.2197.8203.7198.2203.7210.6223.1
e. Skilled tradesSelf-employed (with paid employees)16.517.619.021.222.019.621.2
Self-employed (with no paid employees)98.598.698.9105.2103.998.199.7
Total self employed115.1116.3117.9126.4125.8117.8120.9
Employee136.7138.3150.4161.1168.3180.5185.8
Assisting relative6.95.1[3.4]5.36.6**
Total258.6259.7271.7292.7300.8302.0308.7
f. Caring, leisure and other serviceSelf-employed (with paid employees)4.0[3.6][3.6][3.8][3.5][3.8]*
Self-employed (with no paid employees)6.26.78.28.38.79.09.4
Total self employed10.110.411.812.112.212.813.3
Employee133.7130.5132.5144.2152.9162.6170.4
Assisting relative*******
Total144.9142.5145.4158.5166.6176.5184.4
g. Sales and customer serviceSelf-employed (with paid employees)*******
Self-employed (with no paid employees)[3.1]4.0[3.6][3.9][3.7]**
Total self employed4.05.14.74.65.5[4.0]*
Employee148.0152.9153.3162.0163.6168.5178.0
Assisting relative*******
Total152.5159.4159.0167.4170.3173.1181.5
h. Process, plant and machine operativesSelf-employed (with paid employees)[3.0][3.4][2.9]*[3.4]**
Self-employed (with no paid employees)20.618.922.022.222.321.616.2
Total self employed23.722.424.924.825.823.619.4
Employee114.9122.7120.4127.8135.4141.4154.7
Assisting relative*******
Total139.1145.9146.1153.4162.4165.8174.3
i. ElementarySelf-employed (with paid employees)*******
Self-employed (with no paid employees)5.25.25.36.16.5[5.6][6.0]
Total self employed6.46.76.37.37.26.6[6.7]
Employee200.9212.2222.0224.3231.3232.1236.3
Assisting relative[4.6][4.5][4.4]*[4.5]*[4.0]
Total211.9223.4232.6234.7243.0242.6247.0
j. Not statedSelf-employed (with paid employees)*******
Self-employed (with no paid employees)*******
Total self employed*******
Employee3.32.74.63.110.48.015.3
Assisting relative*******
Total3.73.04.93.211.18.916.9
All personsSelf-employed (with paid employees)90.989.890.895.396.797.9103.2
Self-employed (with no paid employees)214.6218.8224.5231.8233.6228.0227.0
Total self employed305.5308.6315.3327.2330.3325.9330.2
Employee1,556.21,600.31,639.51,705.91,776.91,841.91,913.1
Assisting relative16.217.415.516.619.413.111.7
   Total1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 6 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by NACE Rev. 2 Economic Sector and full-time/part-time status
'000
NACE Rev.2 Economic Sector/Full and part-time status Q2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
AAgriculture, forestry and fishingFull-time92.593.990.092.994.092.586.3
 Part-time20.718.918.819.021.418.420.2
 Total113.2112.8108.7111.9115.4110.9106.5
B-FTotal IndustryFull-time275.4285.8295.7326.5350.7369.3393.8
 Part-time38.144.940.842.441.937.626.6
 Total313.5330.7336.5369.0392.6406.9420.4
B-EIndustryFull-time209.5217.0223.4235.2250.2258.2258.4
 Part-time22.727.522.324.723.020.716.3
 Total232.2244.5245.7259.9273.3278.9274.7
FConstructionFull-time65.968.872.391.3100.5111.1135.5
 Part-time15.417.418.517.718.916.910.3
 Total81.386.290.8109.0119.4128.0145.7
G-UTotal ServicesFull-time1,055.81,075.91,119.51,152.61,186.91,258.61,310.0
 Part-time393.7405.7403.8409.0424.7397.6408.3
 Total1,449.51,481.61,523.31,561.71,611.61,656.21,718.3
GWholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcyclesFull-time175.3180.4184.9188.6194.5209.5204.9
 Part-time95.8100.299.0100.199.591.093.2
 Total271.2280.6283.9288.7294.0300.5298.1
HTransportation and storage Full-time70.367.872.475.176.578.984.8
 Part-time13.512.913.814.616.414.112.6
 Total83.880.886.389.793.093.097.4
IAccommodation and food service activitiesFull-time68.778.482.586.787.794.8109.7
 Part-time55.058.061.261.567.565.067.4
 Total123.7136.5143.7148.2155.2159.8177.1
JInformation and communicationFull-time87.288.491.093.596.9106.2107.7
 Part-time7.77.47.47.18.58.27.5
 Total94.995.898.4100.6105.4114.4115.3
K-LFinancial, insurance and real estate activitiesFull-time89.389.590.496.899.697.699.4
 Part-time10.912.110.911.09.19.411.3
 Total100.2101.6101.3107.8108.7107.1110.7
MProfessional, scientific and technical activitiesFull-time91.199.0106.7110.9110.6115.8121.7
 Part-time17.617.618.217.118.318.119.5
 Total108.7116.7124.9128.1128.9133.9141.2
NAdministrative and support service activitiesFull-time51.346.156.154.058.967.472.7
 Part-time24.224.323.224.130.226.831.0
 Total75.570.379.378.189.194.2103.7
OPublic administration and defence; compulsory social securityFull-time78.977.678.881.884.188.994.6
 Part-time9.98.59.911.413.210.011.0
 Total88.886.188.793.297.498.9105.6
PEducationFull-time105.4108.5113.7115.3118.4123.8130.5
 Part-time33.936.933.333.231.333.136.1
 Total139.3145.4147.0148.4149.7156.9166.6
QHuman health and social work activitiesFull-time174.5176.2179.0184.1187.2200.6212.4
 Part-time82.582.483.282.483.679.873.5
 Total257.0258.6262.3266.6270.9280.5286.0
R-UOther NACE activities Full-time63.863.963.965.772.375.071.5
Part-time42.645.343.746.547.142.045.1
Total106.3109.2107.5112.2119.5117.0116.6
Not statedFull-time***6.5[6.1][5.4][8.7]
 Part-time*******
 Total***7.27.16.99.8
Total Full-time1,424.51,456.21,506.81,578.51,637.71,725.81,798.7
Part-time453.5470.1463.6471.2488.9455.1456.3
   Total1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 7 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by occupational group (UK SOC2010) and full-time/part-time status
'000
Occupational group/Full and part-time status Q2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
1.Managers, directors and senior officialsFull-time149.6149.9155.1166.9174.5180.1178.5
Part-time13.314.113.312.412.711.415.5
Total162.9164.0168.4179.3187.1191.5194.0
2.ProfessionalFull-time333.4342.3347.4354.6371.3380.5405.5
Part-time54.556.452.552.849.654.452.2
Total387.9398.7399.9407.4420.9434.9457.6
3.Associate professional and technicalFull-time192.9197.6202.3219.2222.7242.3238.6
Part-time31.334.336.335.538.132.728.8
Total224.2231.9238.5254.7260.8275.1267.4
4.Administrative and secreterialFull-time138.4142.4145.7139.9140.0152.6163.9
Part-time53.855.458.158.363.758.059.2
Total192.2197.8203.7198.2203.7210.6223.1
5.Skilled tradesFull-time217.0219.5233.9250.4258.0265.4275.2
Part-time41.640.237.942.342.836.633.5
Total258.6259.7271.7292.7300.8302.0308.7
6.Caring, leisure and other servicesFull-time80.877.080.689.195.6110.3118.5
Part-time64.165.564.869.471.066.265.9
Total144.9142.5145.4158.5166.6176.5184.4
7.Sales and customer serviceFull-time69.874.482.988.094.097.3108.5
Part-time82.785.076.279.476.275.773.0
Total152.5159.4159.0167.4170.3173.1181.5
8.Process, plant and machine operativesFull-time117.6122.8122.6129.5135.3143.9156.1
Part-time21.523.023.423.927.221.918.2
Total139.1145.9146.1153.4162.4165.8174.3
9.ElementaryFull-time122.0128.4132.8138.2137.2145.7139.4
Part-time89.895.199.896.5105.896.9107.6
Total211.9223.4232.6234.7243.0242.6247.0
Other/Not statedFull-time3.0[1.9]3.5[2.7]9.27.714.5
Part-time****[1.9]**
Total3.73.04.93.211.18.916.9
Total Full-time1,424.51,456.21,506.81,578.51,637.71,725.81,798.7
Part-time453.5470.1463.6471.2488.9455.1456.3
   Total1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 8 Average usual hours worked per week for persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by NACE Rev. 2 Economic Sector
Average usual hours worked per week
NACE Rev.2 Economic SectorQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
AAgriculture, forestry and fishing47.248.847.149.249.248.050.4
B-FTotal Industry38.338.238.538.838.939.040.1
B-EIndustry38.638.538.938.839.039.039.7
FConstruction37.537.337.438.938.639.140.9
G-UTotal Services33.934.034.434.534.434.734.8
GWholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles33.033.033.233.133.333.533.8
HTransportation and storage 38.438.438.639.039.138.438.9
IAccommodation and food service activities31.331.532.032.031.232.032.5
JInformation and communication39.139.239.739.639.439.439.7
K-LFinancial, insurance and real estate activities37.938.038.238.738.638.738.3
MProfessional, scientific and technical activities38.338.738.139.138.939.139.0
NAdministrative and support service activities32.932.833.833.933.034.333.8
OPublic administration and defence; compulsory social security37.136.737.836.937.137.337.9
PEducation28.829.130.429.829.830.130.1
QHuman health and social work activities32.432.733.133.433.133.633.7
R-UOther NACE activities 31.431.031.630.731.332.231.5
Not stated***[38.1][37.0][33.9][38.0]
Total35.235.335.735.935.836.136.5
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 9 Average usual hours worked per week for persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by occupational group (UK SOC2010)
Average usual hours worked per week
Occupational groupQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
1.Managers, directors and senior officials42.542.442.043.242.742.743.8
2.Professional35.835.836.336.436.436.637.0
3.Associate professional and technical37.837.637.637.637.838.238.1
4.Administrative and secreterial32.832.833.332.832.633.233.0
5.Skilled trades41.241.741.542.242.141.743.0
6.Caring, leisure and other services29.329.529.929.929.830.630.5
7.Sales and customer service27.828.029.629.329.729.730.4
8.Process, plant and machine operatives38.037.938.438.238.338.439.3
9.Elementary30.230.730.930.830.230.930.1
Other/Not stated37.533.536.6[37.3]36.037.336.2
Total 35.235.335.735.935.836.136.5
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 10 Average usual hours worked per week for persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by employment status
Average usual hours worked per week
Employment statusQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
Self-employed (with paid employees)46.546.346.649.848.548.549.0
Self-employed (with no paid employees)42.443.442.143.143.143.043.4
Total self employed43.844.443.545.144.844.845.2
Employee34.134.234.734.734.735.035.2
Assisting relative28.331.828.228.826.128.712.7
Total35.235.335.735.935.836.136.5
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 11 Average usual hours worked per week for persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by full-time/part-time status
Average usual hours worked per week
Full and part-time statusQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
Full-time40.040.140.340.540.440.340.8
Part-time19.119.219.419.419.219.118.8
Total35.235.335.735.935.836.136.5
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 12 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by detailed duration of employment
'000
Detailed duration of employmentQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
Less than 3 months72.974.178.585.894.285.5102.7
3-5 months64.768.172.484.289.785.396.1
6-11 months111.9123.6132.8144.6166.1163.0173.4
Total less than 1 year249.5265.8283.7314.7349.9333.7372.3
12-17 months76.388.994.7104.1122.5127.9126.1
18-23 months65.065.076.173.083.693.093.6
24-47 months169.5178.4176.9185.4205.3243.4269.0
48 months and greater1,281.11,286.01,287.51,311.11,282.71,290.61,261.0
Total 1 year and over1,591.91,618.21,635.11,673.71,694.01,755.01,749.6
Not stated36.642.351.561.382.792.2133.1
Total1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 13 Persons aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by number of persons working in local place of employment
'000
Detailed local place of employmentQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
1 to 4 persons236.9241.4226.9231.4220.4194.7231.1
5 to 10 persons236.8244.2237.3238.2238.9241.0231.7
Not sure but less than 11 persons****[4.4][5.5]*
Total less than 11 persons475.2487.5466.8471.8463.7441.2462.8
 
11 to 19 persons166.5151.4150.6160.5172.3185.7192.2
20-49 persons233.7251.4243.5254.8257.2275.7277.2
Total 11 to 49 persons400.2402.8394.1415.3429.5461.4469.4
 
Total less than 50 persons875.4890.3860.9887.1893.2902.6932.2
 
50-99 persons163.4152.2168.6169.9183.4189.8:
100 to 249 persons180.8169.0175.7178.7172.6190.4:
Total 50 to 249 persons344.2321.2344.4348.6356.0380.2:
 
250 to 500 persons113.1114.7123.3125.7125.9136.3:
Total 100 to 500 persons293.9283.7299.0304.4298.5326.7:
 
500 persons or more189.1203.2199.1204.3252.7273.3:
Total 50 persons or more646.4639.1666.8678.5734.6789.81,049.5
 
Not stated141.5178.1218.2252.2265.4260.546.3
Not applicable - Self-employed person with no employees214.6218.8224.5231.8233.6228.0227.0
Total1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
: Data not available for the period Q3 2017 to Q3 2018
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 14 Persons aged 15 years and over in full and part-time employment (ILO) classified by reasons for being in part-time employment
'000
Full-time employment/Reasons for part-time employmentQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
Full-time 1,424.51,456.21,506.81,578.51,637.71,725.81,798.7
Part-time453.5470.1463.6471.2488.9455.1456.3
of which:Person is undergoing school education or training65.469.064.772.389.781.195.0
Of own illness or disability6.65.06.17.05.66.011.5
Looking after children or incapacitated adults57.463.066.773.680.178.390.1
Other personal or family reasons90.579.582.094.0107.9111.4120.5
Person could not find a full-time job164.9178.1174.7160.4138.3119.376.4
Of other reasons43.742.741.840.348.342.661.3
No answer24.832.927.723.619.116.5*
Total1,878.01,926.31,970.32,049.72,126.72,180.92,255.0
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 15 Employees aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by NACE Rev. 2 Economic Sector and permanency of employment
'000
NACE Rev.2 Economic Sector/Permanency of employment Q2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
AAgriculture, forestry and fishingPermanent employees22.523.324.223.824.327.421.2
Temporary employees*[3.6][3.5][3.7]**[6.8]
Not stated*******
Total employees25.927.928.127.828.230.328.2
B-FTotal IndustryPermanent employees237.5249.1254.5273.5300.2317.5323.4
Temporary employees23.826.022.627.023.021.225.4
Not stated[2.7][3.5]5.35.35.8[4.0]*
Total employees264.1278.7282.4305.8329.0342.7349.9
B-EIndustryPermanent employees196.0205.7208.2218.1233.2243.4237.9
Temporary employees16.417.015.117.814.613.015.6
Not stated*******
Total employees213.4224.3225.4237.5249.5257.6253.8
FConstructionPermanent employees41.543.546.355.367.074.185.5
Temporary employees7.48.97.69.28.48.29.8
Not stated[1.8]*[3.2][3.7][4.2]**
Total employees50.754.457.068.379.685.196.1
G-UTotal ServicesPermanent employees1,110.91,138.41,172.71,215.61,257.41,325.41,359.0
Temporary employees142.0140.3137.8135.4138.0121.7160.6
Not stated11.713.816.815.317.616.1[6.5]
Total employees1,264.51,292.51,327.41,366.31,412.91,463.21,526.1
GWholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcyclesPermanent employees208.6216.8220.6221.9228.2244.0240.7
Temporary employees26.825.623.527.227.723.726.2
Not stated*******
Total employees236.4244.6245.3251.2258.5270.0267.8
HTransportation and storage Permanent employees59.156.660.463.065.669.772.0
Temporary employees4.0[4.3][4.0][3.9][3.6]*[6.9]
Not stated*******
Total employees63.161.164.667.269.373.179.1
IAccommodation and food service activitiesPermanent employees85.299.5103.3106.3111.2121.1129.2
Temporary employees21.621.524.424.226.122.327.4
Not stated*******
Total employees107.5122.2128.8131.7138.6145.1159.5
JInformation and communicationPermanent employees75.274.578.283.486.193.295.0
Temporary employees5.9[6.4]6.4[4.7][5.1]*[6.6]
Not stated*******
Total employees81.881.385.388.392.497.5101.8
K-LFinancial, insurance and real estate activitiesPermanent employees87.989.287.291.996.794.895.2
Temporary employees[3.7][4.7]5.8[4.8][3.8]*[5.3]
Not stated*******
Total employees91.994.193.497.2101.099.0100.9
MProfessional, scientific and technical activitiesPermanent employees68.272.179.184.787.191.897.0
Temporary employees6.27.97.96.67.8[6.4]8.2
Not stated*******
Total employees75.280.788.292.296.098.9105.5
NAdministrative and support service activitiesPermanent employees53.651.459.462.063.973.478.8
Temporary employees8.27.36.86.310.4[7.6]11.7
Not stated*******
Total employees63.660.167.469.476.082.491.0
OPublic administration and defence; compulsory social securityPermanent employees85.482.484.288.089.494.599.1
  Temporary employees[2.4]*[3.0][3.5][5.1]*[5.3]
Not stated*******
   Total employees88.085.087.992.596.097.9104.4
PEducationPermanent employees110.7114.1119.3122.2123.3128.7134.1
   Temporary employees21.123.520.517.618.118.624.3
Not stated*******
Total employees132.8138.7141.1141.1142.7149.1158.9
QHuman health and social work activitiesPermanent employees211.8214.0219.9223.3233.9240.1242.5
Temporary employees25.423.720.722.217.718.125.2
Not stated[3.5][4.2]5.3[4.5][3.7][3.7]*
Total employees240.6241.9245.9249.9255.2261.9268.1
R-UOther NACE activities Permanent employees65.267.861.268.872.074.175.3
Temporary employees16.813.214.714.512.711.313.5
Not stated**[3.6]****
Total employees83.782.879.585.687.388.189.0
Not statedPermanent employees***[5.1]*[4.1][7.9]
Temporary employees*******
Not stated*******
Total employees***6.16.8[5.7]8.9
Total Permanent employees1,371.61,411.51,452.71,517.91,585.91,674.51,711.6
Temporary employees169.3170.3164.2166.8165.0146.0193.3
Not stated15.318.522.621.226.021.48.2
   Total employees1,556.21,600.31,639.51,705.91,776.91,841.91,913.1
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 16 Employees aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by occupational group (UK SOC2010) and permanency of employment
'000
Occupational group/Permanency of employment  Q2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
 
1.Managers, directors and senior officialsPermanent employees96.794.8101.4110.6115.8123.8110.2
    Temporary employees*[3.5]*****
    Not stated*******
    Total employees99.298.7103.8112.7118.3125.8112.1
2.ProfessionalPermanent employees304.4315.1320.0329.6347.9354.6378.1
    Temporary employees34.537.032.030.227.727.033.3
    Not stated*******
    Total employees340.0353.0353.8361.5376.9382.8412.2
3.Associate professional and technicalPermanent employees177.7182.5188.0204.5209.2222.3217.0
    Temporary employees13.412.712.411.411.611.215.1
    Not stated*******
    Total employees192.4197.6203.1218.3223.1235.5232.7
4.Administrative and secreterialPermanent employees171.7174.5179.4175.0179.2189.4195.1
    Temporary employees14.215.412.913.914.813.320.1
    Not stated**[3.5]****
    Total employees187.2191.5195.7191.0196.7204.8215.6
5.Skilled tradesPermanent employees120.9122.7134.6145.2151.7167.4168.8
    Temporary employees13.012.312.113.312.69.715.5
    Not stated[2.7][3.3][3.7]*[4.0][3.3]*
    Total employees136.7138.3150.4161.1168.3180.5185.8
6.Caring, leisure and other servicesPermanent employees110.6110.9110.1121.4130.3140.1146.6
    Temporary employees20.516.318.218.218.418.223.4
    Not stated[2.5][3.2][4.2]4.6[4.1][4.2]*
    Total employees133.7130.5132.5144.2152.9162.6170.4
7.Sales and customer servicePermanent employees123.3129.2130.3137.0137.7143.9156.0
    Temporary employees23.822.422.423.524.022.621.3
    Not stated*******
    Total employees148.0152.9153.3162.0163.6168.5178.0
8.Process, plant and machine operativesPermanent employees104.7109.0106.4112.6121.6131.0137.9
    Temporary employees9.212.411.513.712.09.216.3
    Not stated*******
    Total employees114.9122.7120.4127.8135.4141.4154.7
9.ElementaryPermanent employees159.5170.5178.9179.9185.3195.0189.4
    Temporary employees37.537.939.840.340.932.744.4
    Not stated[3.9][3.9][3.2][4.1][5.1][4.4]*
   Total employees200.9212.2222.0224.3231.3232.1236.3
Other/Not statedPermanent employees2.1[2.2]3.6[2.2]7.26.912.3
    Temporary employees*******
    Not stated*******
   Total employees3.32.74.63.110.48.015.3
Total Permanent employees1,371.61,411.51,452.71,517.91,585.91,674.51,711.6
    Temporary employees169.3170.3164.2166.8165.0146.0193.3
    Not stated15.318.522.621.226.021.48.2
    Total employees1,556.21,600.31,639.51,705.91,776.91,841.91,913.1
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 17 Employees aged 15 years and over in temporary employment (ILO) classified by type of temporary employment
'000
Type of temporary employmentQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
Casual work53.960.161.462.362.655.7:
Seasonal work15.315.614.317.117.614.5:
Lasted only until a particular task/tasks are completed19.421.121.324.015.212.3:
Lasted only for a specific duration44.270.165.861.667.061.7:
Not stated/No data available36.5[3.4]****:
Total    169.3170.3164.2166.8165.0146.0193.3
Note: A break in continuity has occurred as a result of a filter change related to this question in Q2 2012 and data from Q2 2012 onwards is not directly comparable with previous quarters
: Data not available
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 18 Employees aged 15 years and over in temporary employment (ILO) classified by reason for being in temporary employment
'000
Reason for being in temporary employmentQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
It is a contract covering a period of training16.721.922.219.311.212.718.8
Person could not find a permanent job89.881.976.479.779.164.854.9
Person did not want a permanent job28.727.828.830.838.332.342.9
It is a contract for a probationary period[3.2][3.9]5.9[5.6][5.1]*15.7
Not stated30.834.730.931.431.433.260.9
Total169.3170.3164.2166.8165.0146.0193.3
Note: A break in continuity has occurred as a result of a filter change related to this question in Q2 2012 and data from Q2 2012 onwards is not directly comparable with previous quarters
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.
Table 19 Employees aged 15 years and over in employment (ILO) classified by supervisory duties
'000
Supervisory dutiesQ2 12Q2 13Q2 14Q2 15Q2 16Q2 17Q2 18
Person is a supervisor420.1414.8443.4468.2483.9524.0562.3
Person is not a supervisor1,124.51,171.51,175.51,219.41,266.71,296.21,337.0
Not stated11.714.020.618.326.321.813.8
Total1,556.21,600.31,639.51,705.91,776.91,841.91,913.1
Note: A new Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) in Q3 2017 and, as a result, care should be taken when comparing data from before and after this period. Please see background notes of the LFS release for additional information.

Background Notes

Purpose of Survey

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) replaced the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS) at the beginning of Q3 2017. The purpose of the survey is the production of quarterly labour force estimates and occasional reports on special social topics. The survey meets the requirements of Council Regulation (EC) No. 577/98, adopted in March 1998, which requires the introduction of quarterly labour force surveys in EU member states.

Reference Period

Information is collected continuously throughout the year from households surveyed each week in each quarter. Up to and including the fourth quarter of 2008 the QNHS operated on a seasonal quarter basis since its establishment in Q4 1997. The LFS is undertaken on a calendar quarter basis which was first adopted in the QNHS in the first quarter of 2009.

The reference quarters for survey results are:

Q1 - January to March, Q2 - April to June, Q3 - July to September and Q4 - October to December

Data Collection

The LFS is conducted using mixed mode data collection with the introduction of Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI). As with the QNHS, information is collected from each sample household over 5 successive quarters or Waves. However, in the LFS, the first interview is conducted by a team of face-to-face interviewers using Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI). The four follow-up interviews are conducted using CATI from a dedicated call centre, where householders have agreed to conduct a telephone interview, and are conducted using face-to-face interviews where householders have not agreed to conduct a telephone interview.

Sample Design

A new sample based on the 2011 Census of Population was selected for the LFS and this was introduced incrementally from Q1 2016. The sample is stratified using administrative county and the Pobal HP (Haase and Pratschke) Deprivation Index. A two-stage sample design is used. In the first stage 1,300 blocks are selected using Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling. In the second stage households are selected using Simple Random Sampling (SRS). This ensures each household in the sample frame has an equal probability of selection.

To account for the additional attrition as a result of the introduction of mixed mode data collection, the LFS sample is being increased incrementally from Q3 2017. An additional 1,300 households are being included in Wave 1 for each quarter and this results in a total sample of 31,200 households in Q2 2018. As the sample is being increased by 1,300 households per Wave, the final design sample will increase to 32,500 households by Q3 2018.  The actual achieved sample varies over time depending on the level of response.

The number of valid responding households for the LFS in Q2 2018 was 14,071.

Households are asked to take part in the survey for five consecutive quarters and are then replaced by other households in the same block. Thus, one fifth of the households in the survey are replaced each quarter and the QNHS/LFS sample involves an overlap of 80% between consecutive quarters and 20% between the same quarter in consecutive years. It is important to note that there is no overlap in sample between the QNHS and the LFS.

The survey results are weighted to agree with population estimates broken down by age, sex and region (the regions have changed from Q1 2018 – see below) and are also calibrated to nationality control totals. The LFS results also contain a non-response adjustment to make the results from the achieved sample representative of the target sample and the population. The population estimates for April of each year are published in a separate release.

New samples, both based on the 2011 Census of Population, were introduced incrementally for the QNHS in Q4 2012 and in Q3 2016. The former was stratified using administrative county and population density while the latter was stratified using administrative county and the Pobal HP (Haase and Pratschke) Deprivation Index. The quarterly sample in each case was 26,000 households. The actual achieved sample varied over time depending on the level of response.

Households with all persons aged 75 and over and classified as inactive

Households which contain only respondents who are aged 75 or over who are each classified as Inactive (Not in the Labour Force) are not re-interviewed. This is to reduce unnecessary burden and instead answers are copied forward from the last available interview.

Usual residence and de facto population concepts

Up to and including Q1 2006 the annual population estimates were calculated using the defacto definition of population (i.e. all persons present in the state). Since Q2 2006 a new concept of usual residence has been used, i.e. all persons usually resident and present in the state plus absent persons who are usually resident in Ireland but are temporarily away from home and outside the state.

ILO Labour Force Classification

The primary classification used for the LFS results is the ILO (International Labour Office) labour force classification. Labour Force Survey data on this basis have been published since 1988. The ILO classification distinguishes the following main subgroups of the population aged 15 or over:

In Employment: Persons who worked in the week before the survey for one hour or more for payment or profit, including work on the family farm or business and all persons who had a job but were not at work because of illness, holidays etc. in the week.

Unemployed: Persons who, in the week before the survey, were without work and available for work within the next two weeks, and had taken specific steps, in the preceding four weeks, to find work. It should be noted that as per Eurostat’s operational implementation, the upper age limit for classifying a person as unemployed is 74 years.

Inactive Population (not in labour force): All other persons.

The labour force comprises persons employed plus unemployed.

The data presented in this release are related to persons classified as being in employment only.

NACE Industrial Classification

The LFS sectoral employment figures are based on the EU NACE Rev. 2 (Nomenclature généraledes activités économiques dans les Communauté européenne) classification as defined in Council Regulation (EC) no 1893/2006. Fourteen NACE sub-categories are distinguished in Table 2 of this release. From Q1 2009 NACE Rev. 2 has been adopted as the primary classification of industrial sectors for use in QNHS/LFS outputs. The NACE Rev. 1.1 classification had been in use from Q4 1997 to Q4 2008.

To facilitate analysis and the running of seasonal adjustment on the time series, NACE Rev. 2 estimates have been produced from Q1 1998 onwards. As of Q2 2009 only NACE Rev. 2 estimates have been published.

Occupation Classification

As a result of changes to the European regulations governing the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (implemented in Ireland using the LFS (formerly the QNHS) the CSO has been obliged to report occupational coding data to Eurostat based on the new Europe wide classification ISCO-08 from Q1 2011 onwards. To allow this requirement to be met the CSO changed to using UK SOC2010 as the primary classification used in collecting the data. ISCO-08 is then derived from UK SOC2010.

The previously used classification for publication purposes in Ireland was UK SOC1990 and this cannot be directly compared to the new UK SOC2010 classification as all occupations have been reclassified accordingly. This newer classification reflects the evolution over a period of time of certain occupational areas which were developing rapidly, both in terms of their scale and the complexity of work organisation.  One particular example which highlighted this change was the reclassifying of farmers from the major occupation grouping of ‘Managers and administrators’ in SOC1990 to the major occupation grouping of ‘Skilled trades’ in SOC2010.

Results for occupations coded to the new SOC2010 classification have now been recoded for historical quarters back to Q1 2007 to provide a longer and consistent time series for users.

Further information regarding SOC 2010 is available here.

NUTS2 and NUTS3 Regions

The regional classifications in this release are based on the NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units) classification used by Eurostat. Until Q4 2017, the NUTS3 regions corresponded to the eight Regional Authorities established under the Local Government Act, 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993, which came into operation on 1 January 1994 while the NUTS2 regions, which were proposed by Government and agreed by Eurostat in 1999, were groupings of those historic NUTS3 regions.

However, the NUTS3 boundaries were amended on 21st of November 2016 under Regulation (EC) No. 2066/2016 and have come into force from Q1 2018. These new groupings are reflected in the LFS results from Q1 2018 onwards. The changes resulting from the amendment are that County Louth has moved from the Border to the Mid-East and what was formerly South Tipperary has moved from the South-East to the Mid-West, resulting in the new NUTS2 and NUTS3 regions:

Northern & Western Region    

Southern Region          

Eastern & Midland Region

Border

Cavan

Mid-West

Clare

Dublin

Dublin City

 

Donegal

 

Limerick City and

 

Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown

 

Leitrim

 

County

 

Fingal

 

Monaghan

 

Tipperary

 

South Dublin

 

Sligo

       
   

South-East

Carlow

Mid-East

Kildare

West

Galway City

 

Kilkenny

 

Meath

 

Galway County

 

Waterford City and

 

Wicklow

 

Mayo

 

County

 

Louth

 

Roscommon

 

Wexford

   
       

Midland

Laois

   

South-West

Cork City

 

Longford

     

Cork County

 

Offaly

     

Kerry

 

Westmeath

Non-response adjustment    

Non-response occurs when households that are sampled, and that are eligible for the survey, do not provide the requested information. This can lead to biased survey estimates if specific groups within the population are over-or under-represented and if these groups behave differently with respect to the survey variables (i.e. labour market outcomes). To correct for this, the CSO has introduced a non-response adjustment into the weighting procedure for the LFS.

The adjustment involves estimating response rates or propensities to respond as functions of characteristics available for responding and non-responding households, as well as characteristics of the areas where the households are located. Basically, the design weights must be inflated by the inverse of the response propensities to compensate for the loss of units in the sample.

Linking the LFS sample with the Census of Population at household level provides a set of auxiliary variables which are available for both responding and non-responding LFS households. These include a mix of personal characteristics as well as characteristics of the dwelling and location (e.g. gender, age, marital status, education, personal employment status, dwelling type, area etc.). This allows the CSO to compare responding and non-responding households with respect to the characteristics available from the Census. This auxiliary information allows the use of “response propensities” to model non-response and adjust the grossing factors to compensate for non-response.

The response propensities are calculated using a logistic regression model where the dependent variable (Y) is an indicator variable corresponding to response (if the household responded then Y=1 and if the household did not respond then Y=0) and the independent variables are the set of auxiliary variables available from the Census. The estimated response propensities are then used to form adjustment cells or strata which are made up of respondents and non-respondents with similar estimated response propensities. Respondents within each cell/stratum are then weighted by the inverse of the observed response rate in that cell. This non-response adjusted weight is then used to inflate the original survey design weight to account for non-response. This approach is referred to as response propensity classification.

Back-casting methodology  

The introduction of the LFS in Q3 2017 constituted a break in series for the labour market estimates published by the CSO. To mitigate the effect of the introduction of the LFS on the coherence of the historic data series, a back-casting exercise was carried out to link the QNHS and the LFS. The result of this is that the published QNHS series from Q1 1998 to Q2 2017 has been revised.

As part of the roll-out of the LFS, a parallel run of the two surveys was carried out. This allowed the estimation of the effect of the introduction of the new survey on the various labour market estimates. Quarter 1 of 2017 was used as the reference period to calculate scaling factors which were used to link the results from the two surveys. Labour market estimates were calculated from both surveys for a range of cohorts (age, sex, ILO status etc.) and the ratio of the two estimates provided a scaling factor which was applied to the historic QNHS series to create a back-cast series.

In Q3 2017, separate scaling factors were calculated for ILO status by age and sex together with the 14 economic sector categories by sex:

  • ILO status (Employed, Unemployed, Inactive) by sex (Male and Female) and by age (15-24 years and 25+ years)
  • NACE Rev. 2 groups by sex (Male and Female)

In Q1 2018, additional scaling factors were calculated for the eight NUTS3 regions by Labour Force ILO status, occupation categories and highest level of education completed (supplementary table 8 of this release) by sex:

  • NUTS3 Regions (pre-Q1 2018 groupings) by Labour Force ILO status (Employed and Unemployed)
  • Occupation groups (table 4 of this release)
  • Highest level of education completed supplementary table 8 of this release) by sex (Male and Female)

Therefore, adjustments have been made to this historic data to enable comparability with the new LFS for these indicators. However, because of changes to the questionnaire, the interview mode, the introduction of a new sample, data processing changes and other methodological enhancements there are changes in the levels of some series from Q3 2017 onwards. Consequently, the series before and after the introduction of the new survey may not be directly comparable and users should therefore note this when examining annual and quarterly changes.       

Please refer to the following information notes for further details:

Labour Force Survey, Information Notice, Quarter 3 2017

Labour Force Survey, Information Notice, Quarter 1 2018

Labour Force Survey, Information Notice, Quarter 2 2018

Reliability of Estimates Presented

Estimates for number of persons where there are less than 30 persons in a cell are too small to be considered reliable. These estimates are presented with an asterisk (*) in the relevant tables.

Where there are 30-49 persons in a cell, estimates are considered to have a wider margin of error and should be treated with caution. These cells are presented with parentheses [ ].

In the case of rates, these limits apply to the denominator used in generating the rate. In the case of annual changes, both the current year and the preceding year are taken into account when deciding whether the estimate should be suppressed or flagged as having a wider margin of error.

Calculation of Rates and Estimates of Change

Rates and estimates of change presented in this release are calculated from whole unrounded  numbers. Due to rounding, these may differ from the rates and estimates of change calculated from the rounded volumes presented in the tables.

Main LFS release and data series

The quarterly LFS release can be accessed through the CSO website and is available, along with other additional series here.

Labour market data can also be accessed from Statbank, the CSO’s main data dissemination service which can be accessed through the CSO website here.

Implications of Census 2016 Final Results

The LFS results are weighted using population estimates which are updated every quarter. Every 5 years the Census of Population results are used to revise these population estimates, and consequently QNHS/LFS results are revised.

The population concept of usual residence is used for the LFS, i.e. all persons usually resident and present in the State plus absent persons who are usually resident in Ireland but are temporarily away from home and outside the State.

The final Census count was published on April 6, 2017. The total for this usually resident population concept which was enumerated on Census Night, April 24, 2016, was 4,739,597 persons, while the existing estimate for the usually resident population for April 2016 is 4,673,700 as detailed in the 2016 Population and Migration Estimates release. There is a difference, therefore, of just over 65,900 or 1.4% between the two figures.

The CSO has revised the population estimates for 2011 to 2016 based on this final Census count. Estimates of persons employed and unemployed have been revised in line with the higher population totals.

Changes to CSO Labour Market Statistics

Effective from Q3 2017, the QNHS has been replaced by a new Labour Force Survey (LFS). This is part of a major Household Survey Development (HSD) project that the CSO has been engaged in over the past number of years with the aim of expanding the range of social statistics to meet new needs for information on households and persons. This new survey includes the introduction of Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI), a redesigned questionnaire and enhancements to the survey methodology.

The introduction of such large-scale changes has inevitably led to discontinuity in some series and this is in line with international experience of introducing such large-scale changes. Adjustments have been made to historic QNHS data to enable comparability with the new LFS for headline indicators. However, because of changes to the questionnaire, the interview mode, the introduction of a new sample, data processing changes and other methodological enhancements there are changes in the levels of some series from Q3 2017 onwards. Consequently, the series before and after the introduction of the new survey may not be directly comparable and users should therefore note this when examining annual and quarterly changes.

The first results from this new LFS were for Q3 2017. They incorporated the revision of population estimates arising from the 2016 Census of Population along with a back-cast series of the existing data for the QNHS to create a coherent time series – additional series were added to the back-casting to further enable comparability between the new and old series.

Participating Households

The Central Statistics Office wishes to thank the participating households for their co-operation in agreeing to take part in the survey and for facilitating the collection of the relevant data.

 

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