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E-mail: Rod O'Mahony (+353) 1 498 4304 Máire O'Mahony (+353) 1 4984308
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CSO statistical release, , 11am

Government Finance Statistics - Annual

2009 to 2014 (October 2015 Results)

 General Government Deficit, Gross Debt , Net Debt and GDP
 GG DeficitGG Gross DebtGG Net DebtGDP
End of year€m% GDP€m% GDP€m% GDP€m

Government Deficit of -3.9% of GDP in 2014

Figure 1 General Government Deficit, Gross Debt and Net Debt
go to full release

General Government experienced a deficit of -€7,331 million (-3.9% of GDP) in 2014 - an improvement on the 2013 position of -€10,153 million (-5.7% of GDP).Government revenue increased by over 6% from €61,038 million in 2013 to €64,971 million in 2014.  Expenditure increased by a lesser proportion of 1.6%, from €71,192 million to €72,302 million over the same period (Table 1). The changes in revenue were primarily driven by increases in tax and social contribution revenues partially offset by reductions to net investment income and income from non-market sales, including bank guarantee fees. The changes in expenditure are mainly reflected in increased capital expenditure activity.

Taxes and social contributions continue to form the largest component of revenue over the period, representing 88% of total government revenue in 2014, with social benefits, the biggest expenditure category, accounting for almost 39% of government spending in 2014.

Government Debt at 107.5% of GDP in 2014 

The gross debt of General Government stood at €203,187 million at the end of 2014, or 107.5% of GDP, down from €215,333 million at the end of 2013, or 120% of GDP. This is due to a combination of increased GDP and the early repayment of a portion of IMF loans. The   improvement to the previously published (April 2015) debt to GDP ratio for 2014 from 109.7% to 107.5% is primarily due to an increase in the GDP estimate from €185,412 million to €189,046 million published by the CSO in July 2015.

General Government Net Debt for 2014 amounted to €166,060 million or 87.8% of GDP.  This net debt figure is obtained by deducting the value of the financial assets corresponding to those categories of financial liabilities which comprise General Government Debt from the gross debt figure (Table 2).

The results in this release are presented under the ESA 2010 standards. See text box below and Background Notes for further information.   



National accounts are compiled in the EU according to the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA) framework. In 2014, the new ESA 2010 framework replaced the previous ESA 95 version and all EU member states were required to adopt ESA 2010 by September 2014.

GFS annual results are benchmarked to the most recent Excessive Deficit Procedure (EDP) notification. Consequently they may not always be fully aligned with the National Income and Expenditure and related publications such as the Institutional Sector Accounts.

This release is subject to the normal verification process of the Excessive Deficit Procedure by Eurostat until October 21st 2015, and should therefore be regarded as provisional.




Total RevenueTotal Expenditure
Table 1 General Government transactions: revenue, expenditure, financing and deficit 
DescriptionESA2010 code200920102011201220132014
General Government transactions       
Taxes and social contributionsD2 + D5 + D91 + D6148,96347,36748,83250,57052,77157,296
TaxesD2 + D5 + D9138,72037,88138,86040,91942,46946,398
Social contributions D6110,2439,4859,9729,65110,30110,898
Sales of goods and servicesP1O4,5765,2845,1634,9264,5734,183
Investment incomeD41,9842,1122,4453,0213,1092,861
Current transfer revenue (excluding taxes)D7182313268256260248
Capital transfer revenue (excluding taxes)D9N805331614288326384
Compensation of employeesD120,71319,29319,17518,90718,65318,597
Use of goods and services plus taxes payableP2 + D5 + D299,9828,9918,5848,2438,1868,783
Depreciation (Consumption of fixed capital)P51c3,2543,1863,2663,3563,4073,528
Interest (excluding FISIM)D413,4124,9215,8887,1577,6667,506
Social benefitsD62 + D63228,84828,77428,80829,43628,54928,122
Other current transfersD72,7252,6632,5322,3782,8182,564
Capital transfersD96,14337,1308,2011,4098931,123
 Net operating balanceNOB-20,454-51,380-20,859-13,716-10,950-7,110
Net acquisition of non-financial assetsP5 + NP - P51c2,9862,298944349-796221
 General Government Surplus/DeficitB9-23,440-53,677-21,803-14,065-10,153-7,331
Net acquisition of financial assetsΔFA2,949-11,6383,6655,786-5,624-18,505
Debt instrumentsF2 + F3 + F45,292-8,984-714,368-4,511-19,049
Equity and Investment Fund SharesF5-2,357-2,3883,7031,826-1,307-91
Other financial assetsF6 + F7 + F8 14-26633-408194635
Net incurrence of liabilitiesΔL26,38942,03925,46819,8524,528-11,174
Debt instrumentsF2 + F3 + F426,16640,92725,55819,5265,348-12,295
Other liabilitiesF5 + F6 + F7 + F8 2231,112-90326-8201,121
  Memo: Net derivative flows on debt interest swap contracts -710-132-221-274-264
 General Government Surplus/Deficit (% of GDP) -13.8-32.3-12.5-8.0-5.7-3.9
Impact of Financial Crisis
 Revenue (a+b+c+d)8841,7443,0653,0332,3651,678
 Guarantee fees receivable (a)P131(part)4371,0741,215934421155
 Interest receivable (b)D4(part)3875081,0411,5391,092712
 Dividends receivable (c) D4(part)032333502736735
 Other (d) P131(part)601304765911777
 Expenditure (e+f+g+h) 4,65137,2869,4352,5381,9021,656
 Interest payable (e)D4(part)6511,8932,1421,9051,7151,432
 Capital injections recorded as deficit-increasing (capital transfer)(f)D9(part)4,00035,3937,12128000
 Calls on guarantees (g)D9(part)000000
 Other (h)various00172353186223
Impact of Financial Crisis interventions on General Government Surplus/Deficit-3,767-35,543-6,37049546422
  Underlying General Government Surplus/Deficit (excluding impact of financial crisis) -19,673-18,135-15,433-14,560-10,617-7,353
Table 2 General Government Net Worth, Gross and Net Debt  
Description ESA2010 code200920102011201220132014
General Government net worth       
Net worth at market value, excluding pension liabilitiesNW46,9006,255-19,357-49,536-56,127-57,924
Non-financial assets at market valueNFA88,44384,63285,25787,29589,08494,700
Financial net worth at market value, excluding pension liabilitiesFNW-41,543-78,377-104,614-136,831-145,211-152,624
Financial assets at market valueFA73,39562,23188,28192,79494,42384,849
EDP debt instrumentsF2 + F3 + F442,68333,51655,16858,70654,43537,127
Equity and Investment Fund SharesF521,78820,13022,97525,09830,79538,751
Other financial assetsF6 + F7 + F8 8,9248,58510,1388,9909,1938,971
Liabilities at market valueL114,938140,608192,895229,625239,634237,473
EDP debt instrumentsF2 + F3 + F4108,462132,998182,300218,876231,574228,766
Other liabilitiesF5 + F6 + F7 + F86,4767,61010,59510,7498,0608,707
Memo: Estimated pension liabilities of government116,000116,000116,00098,00098,00098,000
Memo: Net worth, including pension liabilities-69,100-109,745-135,357-147,536-154,127-155,924
Contingent liabilities247,603149,355142,298119,13159,72328,848
 Memo: Net worth, including pension liabilities and contingent liabilities -316,703-259,100-277,655-266,666-213,849-184,772
General Government: changes in net worth       
Opening net worth75,24646,9006,255-19,357-49,536-56,127
Change in net worth due to transactions-20,455-51,379-20,859-13,717-10,948-7,110
Net acquisition of non-financial assets P5 + NP - P51c2,9862,298944349-796221
Net lending/net borrowingB9-23,440-53,677-21,803-14,066-10,152-7,331
Change in net worth due to other economic flowsKx-7,89110,734-4,753-16,4624,3575,313
Other changes in non-financial assets-11,625-6,108-3191,6902,5855,395
Other changes in financial assets3,06447422,385-1,2737,2538,931
Other changes in liabilities67016,369-26,819-16,878-5,481-9,013
Closing net worth 46,9006,255-19,357-49,536-56,127-57,924
General Government Debt (GGDebt)       
Debt instrument liabilities at market valueF2 + F3 + F4108,462132,998182,300218,876231,574228,766
+ Difference between EDP face value and market value-3,79511,2297,823-8,638-16,241-25,579
 Gross General Government Debt (EDP face value)GGDebt104,667144,227190,123210,238215,333203,187
less EDP debt instrument assetsF2 + F3 + F4-42,683-33,516-55,170-58,707-54,435-37,127
 Net General Government Debt GGNetDebt61,984110,711134,953151,531160,898166,060
Closing Net Worth (% of GDP) 27.73.8-11.1-28.3-31.3-30.6
Gross General Government Debt (% of GDP)61.886.8109.3120.2120107.5
Net General Government Debt (% of GDP) 36.666.677.686.789.787.8
Table 3 General Government: detailed classification of revenue and output       
DescriptionESA2010 code200920102011201220132014
Total RevenueTR56,51155,40657,32159,06161,03964,972
 Taxes and social contributions 48,96347,36748,83250,57052,77157,296
  TaxesD2 + D5 + D9138,72037,88138,86040,91942,46946,398
   Indirect taxes (taxes on production and imports)D218,35218,06317,77618,33719,26821,104
    Taxes on productsD2116,29016,08315,70516,09916,73018,165
    of which Value-Added TaxD21110,32410,0679,75510,21910,37211,496
    Other taxes on production D292,0621,9812,0702,2382,5382,938
   Direct taxesD520,11119,58320,84222,30022,92324,938
    Taxes on income, profits and capital gainsD5119,11718,61719,43520,83721,29923,073
    Other current direct taxesD599939661,4071,4631,6241,865
   Capital taxesD91258235242282278356
  Social contributions D6110,2439,4859,9729,65110,30110,898
   Actual social contributionsD611 + D6138,7958,4329,0028,4749,0259,609
   Employers' imputed social contributionsD6121,4481,0539711,1771,2761,289
 Sales of goods and servicesP1O4,5765,2845,1634,9264,5734,183
  Sales of market establishments (= market output)P119078779059781,0481,137
  Imputed sales related to production of own-use capital assets (= output for own final use)P12645858383333
  Incidental sales and fees of non-market establishmentsP1313,6054,3494,2003,9103,4923,013
 Investment incomeD41,9842,1122,4453,0213,1092,861
  Interest (excluding FISIM)D419788501,3601,5891,333934
 Current transfer revenueD39 + D7182312267256260249
  Other current transfersD7182313268256260248
   Non-life insurance claimsD72212413899
   Other Domestic - Current D7N_S179190214206195189
   From Rest of World - CurrentD7N_S2829941425751
 Capital transfer revenueD9N805331614288326384
Output P134,22831,73931,31830,88130,68331,419
 Market output (sales of market establishments)P119078779059781,0481,137
 Output for own final useP12645858383333
 Non-market outputP1333,25730,80430,35529,86529,60230,249
  = Non-market compensation of employeesD1_nonmarket20,64819,23519,11718,86918,62018,564
   = Total compensation of employeesD120,71319,29319,17518,90718,65318,597
   - Compensation of employees of market establishmentsD1_market      
   - Compensation related to production of own-use capital assetsD1_own-use-64-58-58-38-33-33
  + Non-market intermediate consumptionP2_nonmarket9,7578,7678,3568,0307,9678,563
   = Total intermediate consumptionP29,9828,9918,5828,2428,1868,783
   - Intermediate consumption of market establishmentsP2_market-225-224-227-212-219-219
   - Intermediate consumption related to production of own-use capital assetsP2_own-use      
  + Non-market consumption of fixed capitalP51c_nonmarket2,8522,8022,8822,9663,0153,121
   = Total consumption of fixed capitalP51c_nonmarket3,2543,1863,2663,3563,4073,528
   - Consumption of fixed capital by market establishmentsP51c_market-402-384-385-389-392-406
   - Consumption of fixed capital related to production of own-use capital assetsP51c_own-use      
  + Other taxes on production, payable D29_pay000000
  - Other subsidies on production, receivableD39_rec000000
Table 4 General Government: detailed classification of expenditure and consumption  
DescriptionESA2010 code200920102011201220132014
Total ExpenditureTE79,952109,08379,12473,12671,19272,302
 Expense 76,966106,78578,18072,77771,98872,081
  Compensation of employeesD120,71319,29319,17518,90718,65318,597
   Of which: Related to production of own-use capital assets 645858383333
  Use of goods and services plus taxes payableP2 + D5 + D299,9828,9918,5848,2438,1868,783
   Use of goods and services [Intermediate consumption]P29,9828,9918,5828,2428,1868,783
    Of which: Intermediate consumption of market establishments 225224227212219219
   Taxes, payableD5011100
  Depreciation (Consumption of fixed capital)P51c3,2543,1863,2663,3563,4073,528
    Of which: Depreciation by market establishments 402384385389392406
  Interest (excluding FISIM)D413,4124,9215,8887,1577,6667,506
   Product subsidiesD311,2221,0831,0601,062996976
   Other subsidies on productionD39667745665829820882
  Social benefitsD62 + D63228,84828,77428,80829,43628,54928,122
   Social benefits in cashD6224,23223,81823,85024,19523,50622,936
   Social benefits in kind (via market producers)D6324,6164,9564,9585,2415,0435,186
  Other current transfersD72,7252,6632,5322,3782,8182,564
   Net non-life insurance premiumsD71838347775858
   Current international cooperationD74575547547546531435
   Miscellaneous current transfersD75757865789565674589
   VAT and GNI based EU budget contributionD761,3101,1671,1501,1901,5561,483
    VAT-based EU own resourcesD761163194194191194203
    GNI-based EU own resourcesD7621,1479739569991,3611,280
  Capital transfersD96,14337,1308,2011,4098931,123
   Investment grantsD921,7471,3021,0811,129855930
   Other capital transfersD994,39635,8287,12128038193
 Net acquisition of non-financial assetsP5 + NP - P51c2,9862,298944349-796221
  = Gross investment in non-financial assetsP5 + NP6,2395,4844,2113,7042,6113,748
   Gross fixed capital formationP516,2405,5644,0993,6213,2513,688
   Net acquisition of stocksP52-1-80111838360
   Net acquisition of unproduced assetsNP0000-7230
  - Consumption of fixed capitalP51c-3,254-3,186-3,266-3,356-3,407-3,528
Net expenditure on current goods and servicesP3 excl. D63229,65226,45526,15525,95526,11027,236
 = OutputP134,22831,73931,31830,88130,68331,419
 - Sales of goods and services P11+P12+P131-4,576-5,284-5,163-4,926-4,573-4,183
   Market output (sales of market establishments)P11-907-877-905-978-1,048-1,137
   Output for own final useP12-64-58-58-38-33-33
   Incidental sales and fees of non-market establishmentsP131-3,605-4,349-4,200-3,910-3,492-3,013
Final consumption expenditureP334,26831,41131,11431,19631,15332,422
 = Net expenditure on current goods and servicesP3 excl. D63229,65226,45526,15525,95526,11027,236
 + Social transfers in kind via market producers D6324,6164,9564,9585,2415,0435,186
made up of        
 Individual consumption (= social transfers in kind)P31 (= D63)22,42921,31921,02220,87521,31622,162
  Social transfers in kind (via market producers)D6324,6164,9564,9585,2415,0435,186
  Social transfers in kind (provided directly by government)D63117,81316,36316,06315,63316,27416,976
 Collective consumption (= actual final consumption of government)P3211,83910,09210,09210,3229,83610,261
Total social transfersD62 + D6346,66145,13744,87145,07044,82245,097
 Social benefits in cashD62 24,23223,81823,85024,19523,50622,936
 Social transfers in kind (= individual consumption)D6322,42921,31921,02220,87521,31622,162
Table 5 General Government financial transactions
DescriptionESA2010 code200920102011201220132014
 Net lending (+) / net borrowing (-)B.9-23,440-53,677-21,803-14,066-10,152-7,331
Net acquisition of financial assets ΔA2,949-11,6383,6655,786-5,624-18,505
EDP debt instruments F2 + F3 + F45,292-8,984-714,368-4,511-19,049
 Currency and deposits F21,041-11,288-6515,827-1,247-5,944
Debt securities F34,1231,857-648957-757-1,429
Short-term F3143-37-361,0342,697-1,373
Long-term F324,0801,894-612-77-3,454-56
Loans F41284471,228-2,416-2,507-11,676
Short-term loans F41008851,069349-788
Long-term loans F42128447343-3,485-2,856-10,888
Equity and Investment Fund Shares F5-2,357-2,3883,7031,826-1,307-91
Other financial assets F6 + F7 + F8 14-26633-408194635
Insurance, Pensions and Standardised Guarantees F6100-101
Financial derivatives and Employee Stock Options F716254-271-7519696
Other accounts receivable/payableF8-3-520304-332-2538
Net incurrence of liabilities ΔL26,38942,03925,46819,8524,528-11,174
EDP debt instruments F2 + F3 + F426,16640,92725,55819,5265,348-12,295
Currency and deposits F21,3953,4222,8933,802-30,707-10,474
Debt securities F324,7756,254-9,055-7,41925,6236,582
Short-term F31-5,338-13,175-3,466-1,299-1591,415
Long-term F3230,11319,429-5,589-6,12025,7825,167
Loans F4-431,25131,72023,14310,432-8,403
Short-term loans F4125540-1731,329-464-112
Long-term loans F42-25931,21131,89321,81410,896-8,291
Other liabilities F5 + F6 + F7 + F8 2231,112-90326-8201,121
Equity and Investment Fund Shares F5000000
Insurance, Pensions and Standardised Guarantees F60001-10
Financial derivatives and Employee Stock Options F7003000
    Other accounts receivable/payable F82231,112-93325-8191,121
Table 6 General Government: detailed breakdown of net worth 
DescriptionESA2010 code200920102011201220132014
General Government balance sheet       
 Net worth at market value, excluding pension liabilitiesNW46,9006,255-19,357-49,536-56,127-57,924
  Non-financial assets at market valueNFA88,44384,63285,25787,29589,08494,700
  Financial net worth at market value, excluding pension liabilitiesFNW-41,543-78,377-104,614-136,831-145,211-152,624
   Financial assets at market valueFA73,39562,23188,28192,79494,42384,849
    EDP debt instrumentsF2 + F3 + F442,68333,51655,16858,70654,43537,127
     Currency and depositsF230,69019,66219,28425,27224,02418,152
     Debt securitiesF38,70010,1147,9199,47010,2499,646
      Short-term loansF41008851,9542,2881,516
      Long-term loansF423,2933,74027,08122,01117,8747,813
    Equity and Investment Fund SharesF521,78820,13022,97525,09830,79538,751
    Other financial assetsF6 + F7 + F8 8,9248,58510,1388,9909,1938,971
     Insurance, Pensions and Standardised GuaranteesF6111001
     Financial derivatives and Employee Stock OptionsF74106061,6948981,136352
     Other accounts receivable/payableF88,5137,9788,4438,0928,0578,618
   Liabilities at market valueL114,938140,608192,895229,625239,634237,473
    EDP debt instrumentsF2 + F3 + F4108,462132,998182,300218,876231,574228,766
     Currency and depositsF210,30813,71158,38862,09931,35620,918
     Debt securitiesF394,78784,11285,22294,295126,302142,410
      Short-term loansF416917315581,8861,4421,320
      Long-term loansF422,67634,44438,13360,59672,47564,117
    Other liabilitiesF5 + F6 + F7 + F86,4767,61010,59510,7498,0608,707
     Equity and Investment Fund SharesF5000000
     Insurance, Pensions and Standardised GuaranteesF6000100
     Financial derivatives and Employee Stock OptionsF716382,9742,802933459
     Other accounts receivable/payableF86,4607,5727,6217,9467,1278,248
  Memo: Estimated pension liabilities of government 116,000116,000116,00098,00098,00098,000
 Memo: Net worth, including pension liabilities -69,100-109,745-135,357-147,536-154,127-155,924
  Contingent liabilities 247,603149,355142,298119,13159,72328,848
   Guarantees 244,235145,880138,723115,55556,02025,145
   Off-balance sheet PPPs 3,3683,4753,5763,5763,7033,703
 Memo: Net worth, including pension liabilities and contingent liabilities -316,703-259,100-277,655-266,666-213,849-184,772
Change in net worth of government       
 Opening net worth 75,24646,9006,255-19,357-49,536-56,127
 Change in net worth due to transactions -20,455-51,379-20,859-13,717-10,948-7,110
  Net acquisition of non-financial assets P5 + NP - P51c2,9862,298944349-796221
  Net lending/net borrowingB9-23,440-53,677-21,803-14,066-10,152-7,331
   = Net acquisition of financial assets 2,949-11,6383,6655,786-5,624-18,505
   - Net incurrence of liabilities -26,389-42,039-25,468-19,852-4,52811,174
 Change in net worth due to other economic flowsKx-7,89110,734-4,753-16,4624,3575,313
  Other changes in non-financial assets -11,625-6,108-3191,6902,5855,395
  Other changes in financial net worth 3,73416,843-4,434-18,1511,772-82
   = Other changes in financial assets 3,06447422,385-1,2737,2538,931
     EDP debt instruments -78-18321,723-8302401,741
     Equity and Investment Fund Shares 3,101730-8582977,0048,047
     Other financial assets 41-731,520-7409-857
   - Other changes in liabilities 67016,369-26,819-16,878-5,481-9,013
     EDP debt instruments 54316,391-23,744-17,050-7,350-9,487
     Other liabilities 127-22-3,0751721,869474
Closing net worth 46,9006,255-19,357-49,536-56,127-57,924
Table 7 General Government Gross and Net Debt  
DescriptionESA2010 code200920102011201220132014
General Government Debt       
  Debt instrument liabilities at market value 108,462132,998182,300218,876231,574228,766
  + Difference between face value and market value -3,79511,2297,823-8,638-16,241-25,579
Gross General Government Debt (face value)GGDebt104,667144,227190,123210,238215,333203,187
By category:       
 Currency and deposits F210,30713,70858,38662,09231,35620,918
 Debt securitiesF391,51896,38194,01387,297112,665119,078
less EDP debt instrument assetsF2 + F3 + F442,68333,51655,17058,70754,43537,127
 By category:       
 Currency and deposits F230,69019,66219,28425,27224,02418,152
 Debt securitiesF38,70010,1147,9209,47010,2499,646
 Net General Government Debt (face value)GGNetDebt61,984110,711134,953151,531160,898166,060
 By category:       
 Currency and deposits F2-20,383-5,95439,10236,8207,3322,766
 Debt securities F382,81886,26786,09377,827102,416109,432
Table 8 Reconciliation of Exchequer Balance to General Government Deficit  
         € million
Description ESA2010 code200920102011201220132014
Exchequer balance -24,641-18,745-24,918-14,892-11,503-8,183
Deduct cash inflows which do not increase financial net worth -3-382-62-13-2,697-4,308
Inflows from sale or redemption of financial assets -3-382-62-13-2,693-4,294
Incurrence of Exchequer liability to Central Bank for notes and coins in circulation 0000-5-13
Exclude cash outflows which do not reduce financial net worth 316507,3352,2672,3164,612
Acquisition of financial assets 16424,8182,2672,3034,599
Repayment of promissory notes notional loan principal 002,51701313
Redemption of Exchequer liability to Central Bank for notes and coins in circulation 3090000
Impact on financial net worth of Exchequer cash transactions -24,613-18,477-17,645-12,638-11,885-7,878
Adjust for impact of non-cash revenue and disposals of non-financial asset (+) -203-174726-639813406
Difference between Exchequer cash tax revenue and time-adjusted Revenue Net Receipts -331-12562-178161478
Receipts due from EU (Agriculture grants, Cohesion Fund, ESF and ERDF) 129-16236-11-41-87
Accrual of interest due on contingent capital assets assigned to banks 001280-450
Licence sales 000-45073815
Other accrued revenue 000000
Adjust for impact of non-cash expenditure (-) -1,066-33,224361-314181-292
Capital transfers to financial institutions financed by promissory notes 0-30,850001313
Difference between interest paid and accrued -344-1,32894-30971176
Difference between Exchequer cash issues and accrued net spending of departments and offices 304318102-133-435
Other accrued expenditure -1,027-1,364164128101-517
Surplus/Deficit of ExchequerB9_exchequer-25,882-51,875-16,559-13,592-10,890-7,765
Surplus/Deficit of extra-budgetary bodies, funds and accounts consolidated with Exchequer -2,144-383-369115-151144
Social Insurance Fund -2,529-831-192-1-2679
Bank & Deposit Guarantee Schemes 437-330-106-99-191-12
Capital Services Redemption Account 0600-600000
Small Savings Reserve Fund -24300000
Other Extra-Budgetary Funds 19113742965517
Health Service Executive 171167155-821160
Surplus/Deficit of Budgetary Central GovernmentB9_bcg-28,026-52,259-16,928-13,477-11,041-7,620
Surplus/Deficit of other Central Government bodies 4,682-1,412-4,767-452847292
National Pensions Reserve Fund 4,433-1,702-4,373334431221
Non-market State corporations and agencies 221288-384-77938267
Voluntary and joint board hospitals 282-9-6344
Surplus/Deficit of Central Government B9_S1311-23,344-53,671-21,695-13,929-10,194-7,328
Surplus/Deficit of Local Government B9_S1313-96-6-109-13642-3
Surplus/Deficit of General Government B9_S13-23,440-53,677-21,803-14,065-10,152-7,331
Table 9 Reconciliation of National Debt to General Government Debt      
             € million
Audited National Debt75,15293,445119,082137,632173,947182,310
Composed of      
 Gross National Debt96,968109,609136,774161,482197,547197,069
  Medium/long term debt71,52890,786119,625144,524178,722176,011
   Irish Government Bonds71,07690,70585,91288,455111,609116,941
   EU/IMF Programme Funding0033,67653,20061,35054,478
   EIB and bilateral loans004833,0714,9715,463
   Miscellaneous (including derivatives)45282-445-202792-871
  Short term debt18,0448,4845,6033,4763,3204,672
   Commercial Paper7,0358273481,2994822,254
   Treasury Bills8,3905,93901,0140500
   Borrowings from Funds under the control of the Minister for Finance1,7831,5241,696786676523
   Miscellaneous (including EFSF interim funding in 2011)8351953,5593772,1631,395
  State Savings Schemes7,39610,33911,54613,48215,50516,386
Less Liquid assets-21,816-16,164-17,692-23,850-23,601-14,759
Reverse deduction of liquid assets and EFSF prepaid margin held by Exchequer21,81616,16418,22224,38024,13115,289
Outstanding principal value of promissory notes030,85028,33325,261215201
Liability for coinage in circulation674673694670675693
Accrual adjustments (Small Savings Reserve Fund)346368464548604599
Adjustment from discounted to nominal value55724642
National Loans Advance Interest127641212549
Gross treatment of collaterals0111701,4319481,004
 Other adjustments (repurchase agreements, OPW contracts and exclusion of financial derivatives)12-21-1794838
Unconsolidated Exchequer Debt (Maastricht definition)98,182141,626166,963189,950200,575200,185
of which: Liabilities to other Central Government bodies2,3892,4402,6152,3012,3162,529
Exchequer contribution to Central Government debt95,793139,186164,348187,649198,259197,656
of which: Liabilities to Local Government 193219302922
Exchequer contribution to General Government debt95,773139,154164,329187,619198,230197,634
Housing Finance Agency (HFA)      
Gross debt of HFA4,9414,5124,4144,5014,4234,209
 of which: Liabilities to other Central Government bodies303,6123,8623,9873,7113,152
HFA contribution to Central Government debt4,9119005515147121,057
of which: Liabilities to Local Authorities182220179119286644
HFA contribution to General Government debt4,729679373394427413
Other Central Government      
 IBRC Consolidated0020,92717,79712,6601,237
Liabilities of Post Office Savings Bank Fund to Post Office Savings Bank1,8922,3282,5062,7742,6462,672
Health Service Executive and Voluntary Hospitals187145149138150161
National Oil Reserves Agency444336327258166111
Irish Rail12825172582
 Westlink buyout: imputed loan from National Toll Roads to National Roads Authority510460410360310260
 All other bodies3039543557174
Other bodies' contribution to Central and General Government debt3,1913,33224,38921,38715,9974,618
Total Central Government debt103,895143,418189,288209,550214,968203,331
 of which: Liabilities to Local Government201252197149314666
Central Government contribution to General Government debt103,694143,166189,091209,401214,654202,665
Local Government - Local Authorities      
Borrowing from Housing Finance Agency4,5834,4484,3584,4314,3064,104
 Borrowing from other Central Government bodies8778626177150
 Other borrowing9721,0721,050866572522
Local Authorities' contribution to Local Government debt5,6415,5985,4695,3584,9564,776
 VECs / ETBs19190000
Total Local Government debt5,6605,6175,4695,3584,9564,776
 of which: Liabilities to Central Government4,6864,5564,4374,5214,2764,254
Local Government contribution to General Government debt9741,0621,033837679522
General Government Debt104,667144,227190,123210,238215,333203,187

Background Notes


This detailed release along with the headline figures published on 12 October 2015 together comprise the latest official publication by CSO of annual Government Finance Statistics results for years 2009 to 2014.  First estimates for 2014 were published in April 2015.

The data published in this series are consistent with the General Government Deficit and Debt levels reported at end-September 2015 under the EU regulation governing the Excessive Deficit Procedure (EDP).   Consequently they may not always be fully aligned with the National Income and Expenditure and related publications such as the Institutional Sector Accounts.

The official publication by Eurostat of deficit and debt levels for all EU member states is due on Wednesday 21 October 2015.

Significant events arising since the last release that impact Deficit/Debt

Register of Public Sector Bodies

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) is required to define the scope of the public sector (which includes the General Government Sector) for the official reporting of Ireland’s General Government Deficit/Surplus, Government Debt, and other Government Finance Statistics.  In this context, the public sector includes all bodies that are directly or indirectly controlled by a Government department or office, or by a local authority.  General Government, in turn, includes all public sector bodies that are also mainly financed by Government bodies.  The decision rules governing the classification of bodies to the public and General Government sectors are set out in detail in the Manual on Government Deficit and Debt (MGDD).

The CSO’s Register of Public Sector bodies is updated twice a year to coincide with the submission of government deficit and debt figures to Eurostat under the Excessive Deficit Procedure. It reflects any changes in the composition of the government sector since the previous update. Some additions to the Register since April 2015 include:

1. Irish Water has been classified to Sector S.1311 (Central Government) *.

*This had been a preliminary and provisional classification at the time of the publication of the March EDP. The final classification decision was published by Eurostat on 28 July 2015(letter dated 24 July 2015) and the Register of Public Sector bodies has been updated accordingly.  Copies of documents relating to this classification decision can be seen at:

A detailed explanation of the application of these rules and the most up-to-date list of public sector bodies (including general government bodies) for Ireland is also shown at this link.

Sale of National Lottery Licence

In October 2013, the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform announced that Premier Lotteries Ireland had been selected as the licence holder of the National Lottery Licence for a 20 year period.  The actual transfer took place on 30th November 2014. As the licence holder is unable to sell the permit to a third party government is not deemed to have sold an asset.  Rather it is found to have granted permission to limit the number of individual units entitled to engage in this activity and therefore the receipt is to be recorded as ‘other taxes’ (D.29 (e)) over the life of the licence. The present value of the cash received up front in 2014 is recorded in the ‘Other accounts payable’ liability (AF.8) which will in turn be reduced each year by the future tax revenue accruals.

Transfer of pension obligations to government

The Government assumed the pension fund liability of Waterford Crystal under an agreement reached at the end of 2014.  As the liabilities exceed the assets of the scheme, we are required to recognise the difference in the assets and liabilities at the time of the transfer, which we record as expenditure (D.9) capital transfer.  An ‘accounts payable’ (AF.8) liability is recorded in the government accounts at the time of the transfer and as cash payments are made in future periods this liability decreases accordingly.

Other changes since the last release

Revisions to General Government Deficit/Surplus (GG Deficit/Surplus)

Estimates of the general government deficit for both 2013 and 2014 have been revised since April 2015. The changes indicate an improvement in the deficit of €166 million and €153 million for each of the years respectively. Because audited accounts for many government bodies become available between April and September, this release allows us to present more final data for 2014 than the provisional outturn previously published. These revisions mainly result in a reduction to net capital transfers (D.9).

Revisions to GDP

The GDP figures used in the current publication are consistent with those published in the National Income and Expenditure 2014.

Contingent Liabilities

   (a)   Public Private Partnerships (PPPs)

The figures previously included in Table 6 for the value of off-balance sheet PPPs has been revised for all periods.  This is mainly due to the capital value for a number of projects which were previously reported as the contract value (construction, operation & maintenance, lifecycle and overheads including cost of finance expressed in NPV terms at financial close of the relevant project) being revised to report nominal design and construction value. This was done in order to better align the concepts used in these tables with the concepts used in other reporting of contingent liabilities to Eurostat.

   (b)   Guarantees

This item refers to the stock of debt of non-government bodies guaranteed by government.  The figure for 2011 has been revised due to the classification of IBRC in the Government Sector which means their borrowings are no longer regarded as external to Government.

   (c) Pension Liabilities

The estimated pension liability of government (the accrued liability in respect of Public Service occupational pensions) is a contingent liability of government and does not form part of the ESA accounts of general government.  It is shown in this release as a memorandum item.  The value shown for years 2009-2011 of €116 billion was calculated by the Comptroller and Auditor General.    The value of this liability is reduced by €18 billion to €98 billion with effect from 2012. This follows an actuarial valuation carried out by the Department of Public Service and Reform.   The main reasons for the reduction were the pay and pension cuts since 2009 and the freeze in pay and pension rates until after the Haddington Road Agreement.  Details on this updated estimate can be accessed at:


Government Finance Statistics – Concepts and Definitions

Government Finance Statistics (GFS) form the basis for fiscal monitoring in Europe, in particular in relation to the Excessive Deficit Procedure (EDP). 

European GFS, including EDP statistics are produced according to the legally binding accounting rules of the European System of Accounts (ESA2010).  The Manual on Government Debt and Deficit (MGDD) provides further guidance on the implementation of ESA 2010 in the context of GFS. 

EU Member States are required to report government deficit/surplus and debt data biannually under the EDP (before 1 April and 1 October in year N) for years N-4 to N-1 calendar years as well as a forecast for the current year. The data are reported in harmonised tables, which provide a consistent framework for the presentation of this data by Member States. The tables provide a structure for linking national budgetary aggregates with government deficit and debt.

In addition to the EDP transmission programme, detailed statistics on Government revenue and expenditure are also provided to Eurostat under the ESA transmission programme.  For quarterly data the main tables reported are:

Table 801   Quarterly Non-financial accounts by sector  

Table 2700 Quarterly financial accounts for general government

Table 2800 Quarterly government debt

These data are available on the Eurostat website.

Definition of general government and its subsectors

The general government sector of the economy, is defined in ESA2010 paragraph 2.111: as “institutional units which are non-market producers whose output is intended for individual and collective consumption, and are financed by compulsory payments made by units belonging to other sectors, and institutional units principally engaged in the redistribution of national income and wealth.” General government comprises the sub-sectors central government (S.1311), state government (S.1312 – which does not apply in Ireland), local government (S.1313), and social security funds (S.1314 – which does not apply in Ireland),

General Government Deficit/Surplus (GG Deficit/Surplus) is the standard European measure of the fiscal balance, which is used to monitor compliance with the Stability and Growth Pact.

This measure is by definition equal to both Total Revenue (TR) less Total Expenditure (TE), and Net Acquisition of Financial Assets less Net Incurrence of Liabilities. In order to respect this accounting identity, a technical adjustment is made to the level of transactions recorded in liability category F32 (long-term debt securities) to eliminate any statistical discrepancy between the two approaches to the calculation of GG Deficit/Surplus. This adjustment has no impact on gross debt, net debt or net worth.

General Government Gross Debt (GG Debt) is defined in the EU regulations implementing the Maastricht Treaty as the gross debt liabilities of the consolidated General Government sector, at nominal value.

‘Gross’ means that the value of any financial assets held by General Government cannot be deducted from the GG Debt. In Ireland’s case, this means that the liquid assets which are deducted from the ‘gross’ National Debt in arriving at the audited National Debt cannot be deducted from the GG Debt.

‘Debt liabilities’ are defined as the ESA 2010 categories AF.2 (Currency and Deposits), AF.3 (Debt Securities), and AF.4 (Loans).

This definition excludes liabilities in derivatives, equity liabilities, pension and insurance liabilities and accounts payable.

‘Consolidated’ means that any money owed by one entity within General Government to another is excluded from the total GG Debt.

‘Nominal value’ is defined in the governing regulation as face value.  If debt is sold at a discount, it is the undiscounted value of the instrument, rather than the amount actually received, that is shown in the GG Debt. In other statistical contexts, ‘nominal value’ means face value plus any interest accrued but not paid; however, such interest is excluded from GG Debt by definition.

General Government Net Debt is a measure produced in accordance with the methodology of the IMF/World Bank Public Sector Debt Statistics Guide, by subtracting from the GG Gross Debt figure the value of the financial assets corresponding to the categories of financial liabilities which comprise GG Gross Debt.

General Government Net Worth is calculated as the sum of financial and non-financial assets of General Government less financial liabilities. 

Detailed codes and technical definitions can be seen in the ESA 2010 manual available at

 A listing of some of the main items included in this release is shown below

Main Components of General Government Expenditure and Revenue

P.2       Intermediate consumption – value of goods and services used in the process of production, excluding fixed assets

P.5       Gross capital formation

P.51g   Gross fixed capital formation - acquisitions, less disposals, of fixed assets during a given period plus certain additions to the value of non-produced assets realised by productive activity. Fixed assets are tangible or intangible assets produced as outputs from processes of production that are themselves used repeatedly, or continuously, in processes of production for more than one year

P.51c   Consumption of fixed capital - the amount of fixed assets used up, during the period under consideration, as a result of normal wear and tear and foreseeable obsolescence, including a provision for losses of fixed assets as a result of accidental damage which can be insured against.

P.52     Changes in inventories

P.53     Acquisitions less disposals of valuables

D.1      Compensation of employees – the total remuneration of government employees

D.29    Other taxes on production (payable) all taxes that enterprises incur as a result of engaging in production, independently of the quantity or value of the goods and services produced or sold. These include taxes on use or ownership of land or buildings, taxes on use of fixed assets, taxes on total wage bill and payroll, taxes on international transactions related to production.

D.3      Subsidies (payable) - current unrequited payments which general government or the institutions of the European Union make to resident  producers, with the objective of influencing their levels of production, their prices or the remuneration of the factors of production

D.4      Property income accrues when the owners of financial assets and natural resources put them at the disposal of other units of the economy. The income payable for the use of financial assets is called investment income, while that payable for the use of a natural resource is called rent. Property income is the sum of investment income and rent.

D.41    Interest receivable by the owners of a financial asset for putting it at the disposal of another institutional unit. Applies to deposits (AF.2), debt securities (AF.3), loans (AF.4) and other accounts payable (AF.8)

D.5      Current taxes on income, wealth, etc, (payable)  - all compulsory, unrequited payments, in cash or in kind, levied periodically by general government and by the rest of the world on the income and wealth of units in the economy, and some periodic taxes which are assessed neither on income nor wealth

D.6      Social contributions - transfers to households, in cash or in kind, intended to relieve them from the financial burden of a number of risks or needs.

D.7      Other current transfers – includes VAT and GNI based EU budget contributions, current transfers between subsectors of government, current international co-operation and current transfers to households and non-profit institutions.

D.9      Capital transfers - involve the acquisition or disposal of an asset, or assets, by at least one of the parties to the transaction.  Includes capital taxes and investment grants.


Categories of Financial Flows

F.1       Monetary gold and special drawing rights (SDRs)

            F.11     Monetary gold

            F.12     Special drawing rights (SDRs)

F.2       Currency and deposits

            F.21     Currency

            F.22     Transferable deposits

            F.29     Other deposits

F.3       Debt securities

            F.31     Short-term

            F.32     Long-term

F.4       Loans

            F.41 - Short-term loans

            F.42 - Long-term loans

F.5       Equity and investment fund shares

            F.51 Equity

            F.52 Investment fund shares/units

F.6       Insurance pension and standardised guarantee schemes

F.7       Financial derivatives and employee stock options

            F.71     Financial derivatives

            F.72     Employee stock options

F.8       Other accounts receivable/payable

            F.81     Trade credits and advances

            F.89     Other



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