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CSO statistical release, , 11am

Goods Exports and Imports

December 2020

€ million
 ExportsImportsSurplus
Jan-Dec 2019152,53490,86261,672
Jan-Dec 2020160,81485,36775,447
% change+ 5.4- 6.0+ 22.3
Seasonally adjusted
October 202012,2687,0035,265
November 202014,5318,6565,875
December 202012,4837,0205,463

Goods exports exceeded €160 billion in 2020

Figure 1 Goods Exports and Imports
go to full release

Preliminary figures for 2020 show that goods exports were valued at €160,814 million in 2020, the highest total on record. This is an increase of €8,280 million (+5%) over 2019.

The largest category of exports was Medical and pharmaceutical products. Exports of these goods accounted for 39% of all exports, or €62,078 million in 2020. This represents an increase of €12,557 million (+25%) on the 2019 value.

Exports
Total Exports 5.42800435498979
Food and live animals-2.25686903194987
Chemicals and related products13.8327564879231
Machinery and transport equipment-8.92260606142776
Miscellaneous manufactured articles-9.11345228546798

Goods imports decreased by €5.5 billion in 2020

Imports in 2020 decreased compared to 2019, falling by €5,495 million (-6%) to €85,367 million.

Imports of Other transport equipment, including aircraft were valued at €12,711 million in 2020, or 15% of total imports. This was a decrease of €8,759 million (-41%) on the 2019 level of imports.

Imports of Petroleum decreased by €1,732 million (-40%) in 2020 to €2,584 million.

The value of goods imports for 2020 excluding SITC 79 (Other transport equipment, including aircraft) was €72,656 million, an increase of €3,264 million (+5%) when compared with the corresponding 2019 figure of €69,392 million.

Imports
Total Imports -6.04764595653865
Food and live animals0.796477480102438
Mineral fuels-37.3101114069188
Chemicals and related products26.3301835771353
Machinery and transport equipment-21.3332425856256

Seasonally adjusted goods exports decreased by 14% in December

The value of seasonally adjusted goods exports decreased by €2,048 million (-14%) to €12,483 million in December 2020 compared with November 2020, according to preliminary figures.

The value of goods imports decreased by €1,636 million (-19%) to €7,020 million on a seasonally adjusted basis. This means that there was a decrease of €412 million (-7%) in the seasonally adjusted trade surplus to €5,463 million in December 2020 (see Table 2).

December 2020 exports increased by €100 million over December 2019

The (unadjusted) value of goods exports for December 2020 was €11,760 million representing an increase of €104 million (+1%) when compared with December 2019.

Exports of Medical and pharmaceutical products increased by €1,283 million (+44%) to €4,188 million in December 2020.

Exports of Organic chemicals decreased by €383 million (-15%) to €2,138 million.

Exports of Electrical machinery, appliances, apparatus and parts decreased by €150 million (-18%) to €696 million over the same comparative period.

Imports fell by €300 million in December

The (unadjusted) value of goods imports for December 2020 was €8,181 million representing a decrease of €296 million (-3%) when compared with December 2019.

Imports of Other transport equipment, including aircraft decreased by €1,101 million (-46%) to €1,315 million compared with December 2019, and accounted for 16% of the total value of imports.

Imports of Petroleum decreased by €132 million (-39%) to €202 million in December 2020.

Imports of Food and live animals increased by €82 million (+12%) to €744 million over the same comparative period.

The value of goods imports for December 2020 excluding SITC 79 (Other transport equipment, including aircraft) was €6,867 million, an increase of €804 million (+13%) when compared with the corresponding December 2019 figure of €6,062 million.

Trade deficit of €5.4 billion with Great Britain in 2020

Exports to Great Britain in 2020 were €12,399 million, which is a decrease of €1,183 million (-9%) compared with 2019. Exports to Great Britain accounted for 8% of total exports in 2020.

Imports from Great Britain in 2020 were €17,812 million, a decrease of €861 million (-5%) when compared with 2019, meaning there was a trade deficit of €5,413 million with Great Britain in 2020. Imports from Great Britain accounted for 21% of total imports in 2020.

Exports to Great Britain decreased by €39 million (-3%) in December 2020 to €1,084 million when compared with December 2019.

Imports from Great Britain decreased by €171 million (-10%) to €1,606 million in December 2020 compared with December 2019 (see Table 4).

Geographic breakdown of goods exports and imports

The EU accounted for €63,859 million (40%) of total exports in 2020, an increase of €7,211 million (+13%) on 2019. There were exports of €17,897 million to Belgium and €17,449 million to Germany. As the UK had exited the EU on January 31st 2020, this data compares EU trade excluding the UK for both periods for comparative purposes.

Exports to non-EU countries (excluding the UK) were valued at €82,457 million in 2020, which is an increase of €2,360 million (+3%) on the 2019 level of exports. The USA was the largest export destination in 2020, accounting for €49,845 million or 31% of total exports.

There were €30,329 million of imports from the EU in 2020, representing 36% of total imports. This was a decrease of €2,969 million (-9%) on 2019.

Imports from non-EU countries (excluding the UK) totalled €35,522 million in 2020, a decrease of €1,654 million (-4%) on the 2019 level of imports.

There were €4,823 million exports to the EU in December 2020, of which €1,640 million went to Germany and €1,092 million went to Belgium. Exports to EU countries in December 2020 increased by €680 million (+16%) compared with December 2019.

The USA was the main non-EU destination accounting for €3,641 million (31%) of total exports in December.

Imports from the EU were €3,464 million (42%) of total imports in December 2020, which is a decrease of €351 million (-9%) over the same month in 2019.

Imports from non-EU countries (excluding the UK) were €2,967 million in December 2020, an increase of €216 million (+8%) on the corresponding amount for December 2019. The USA with €1,054 million (13%) and China with €670 million (8%) were the main non-EU sources of imports.

Exports by industrial origin and Imports by main use

Industrial produce accounted for €10,810 million (92%) of total exports in December 2020. This is an increase of €12 million (+0.1%) when compared with December 2019. There was €4,466 million of this exported to the EU, and €3,615 million to the USA. Agricultural produce accounted for €793 million (7%) of total exports (see Table 6).

Producer capital goods ready for use accounted for €1,934 million (24%) of total imports in December 2020, a decrease of €1,078 million (-36%) when compared with December 2019.

Consumption goods ready for use represented €2,170 million (27%) of total imports in December 2020, and Materials for further production accounted for €3,882 million (47%) (see Table 7).

*It should be noted that the detailed data described in Paragraphs 1-6, and the data in Tables 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 are not seasonally adjusted. Only the data described in paragraphs 7 and 8 and in Table 2 are seasonally adjusted.

 

From February 2020 the EU total no longer includes data from the United Kingdom. The new EU total aggregate is labelled EU27. For data comparability we have published the EU27 and the UK data separately for both the current period and previous time periods.

 

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.
This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.
Table 1 Goods Exports and Imports summary analysis
PeriodValue1Volume index2Unit value index2 
ExportsImportsTrade surplusBase year 2010=100
€m€m€mExportsImportsExportsImportsTerms of trade3
2010 90,92448,69542,229 100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0
201193,19153,03540,155 106.1  110.4  96.6  98.7  97.9
2012 93,50756,17937,328 100.6  120.2  102.2  96.0  106.5
201389,18255,78733,394 101.1  123.5  97.0  92.8  104.6
201492,61662,15830,458 103.8  130.1  98.2  98.1  100.1
2015112,40770,11142,296 115.5  143.6  106.8  100.3  106.5
2016119,29274,23745,055 125.6  158.2  102.7  93.3  110.2
2017122,78582,94339,842 135.8  168.9  99.3  96.1  103.3
2018140,64591,99148,654 156.2  189.2  99.1  99.5  99.6
2019152,53490,86261,672 168.5  192.7  99.5  96.6  103.0
2020160,81485,36775,447..........
         
2018Quarter 133,84320,10013,743 152.3  172.2  97.9  95.9  102.1
 Quarter 235,55621,88713,669 161.5  184.3  96.8  97.6  99.3
 Quarter 334,16323,22310,940 148.2  181.9  101.4  104.0  97.6
 Quarter 437,08326,78110,302 163.2  218.7  100.2  100.3  99.9
2019Quarter 137,57721,84715,730 166.5  186.7  99.3  96.1  103.3
 Quarter 238,54022,15816,382 170.6  190.1  99.3  95.7  103.8
 Quarter 337,62922,00415,625 166.5  187.9  99.4  96.3  103.3
 Quarter 438,78924,85313,936 170.8  208.5  99.9  97.1  102.8
2020Quarter 143,83121,72822,104 199.4  186.4  96.3  95.8  100.5
 Quarter 237,82718,45919,368 171.6  157.5  96.8  96.2  100.7
 Quarter 340,55920,39220,168 190.5  175.5  93.6  95.3  98.3
 Quarter 438,59624,78913,807 179.7  223.5  94.6  91.1  103.8
        
2018January12,1026,5415,561 159.6  168.8  100.1  95.4  104.9
 February10,4016,4263,975 138.1  163.8  99.4  96.7  102.8
 March11,3407,1324,208 159.1  183.9  94.1  95.5  98.5
 April10,9806,6064,375 155.4  160.9  93.4  101.1  92.4
 May11,8106,9274,884 160.1  182.1  97.4  93.7  103.9
 June12,7668,3554,410 168.9  209.9  99.7  98.1  101.7
 July11,0757,7213,354 144.6  179.8  101.1  105.8  95.6
 August11,5387,2494,290 152.9  176.4  99.6  100.9  98.7
 September11,5508,2543,297 147.1  189.4  103.6  105.2  98.4
 October12,2558,9943,262 164.1  216.5  98.6  100.8  97.8
 November12,9568,8724,084 173.5  219.8  98.9  99.6  99.3
 December11,8728,9152,957 152.1  219.9  103.2  100.6  102.5
      
2019January13,4857,6625,824 179.1  196.0  99.4  96.3  103.2
 February12,4146,5075,907 164.9  165.8  99.3  96.6  102.8
 March11,6777,6783,999 155.5  198.2  99.1  95.4  103.8
 April12,7917,3415,451 169.7  190.7  99.4  94.8  104.9
 May13,6987,3566,342 182.1  189.2  99.3  95.8  103.6
 June12,0507,4614,589 160.1  190.3  99.3  96.6  102.8
 July13,3647,9385,425 177.2  203.2  99.5  96.2  103.4
 August11,7586,7355,023 156.2  172.8  99.3  96.0  103.5
 September12,5077,3315,177 166.2  187.7  99.5  96.6  102.9
 October14,2888,6145,675 189.4  218.6  99.5  97.0  102.6
 November12,8447,7615,082 169.5  194.7  99.9  97.5  102.5
 December11,6578,4783,179 153.5  212.3  100.2  96.9  103.4
          
20204January14,9957,1087,888 204.6  179.8  96.6  97.4  99.2
 February11,6857,8663,819 166.2  206.5  92.8  93.8  98.9
 March17,1516,75410,397 227.4  172.8  99.5  96.3  103.3
 April11,3335,5155,818 158.4  141.8  94.4  95.8  98.6
 May12,8866,2556,631 173.9  162.7  97.7  94.7  103.2
 June13,6096,6906,920 182.6  167.9  98.3  98.1  100.2
 July13,5258,1095,416 190.6  207.9  93.6  96.1  97.4
 August13,1235,9877,136 183.5  159.3  94.4  92.6  101.9
 September13,9116,2967,615 197.5  159.4  92.9  97.3  95.6
 October12,1247,6864,439 170.6  209.1  93.8  90.6  103.5
 November14,7118,9225,790 207.1  239.3  93.8  91.9  102.0
 December11,7608,1813,579 161.5  222.2  96.1  90.7  105.9
1 Trade statistics revised since 2000, see background notes.
2 Monthly data have been rescaled to make their average equal to the annual.
3 Export unit value index divided by Import unit value index.
4 Revised. December 2020 is based on current Intrastat response levels. See background notes.
.. Indices not yet available.
Table 2 Goods Exports and Imports seasonally adjusted1 series
PeriodValueVolume index
ExportsImportsTrade surplusBase year 2010=100
€m€m€mExportsImports
2018Quarter 133,21120,28912,922 148.1  172.3
 Quarter 234,88621,89912,987 157.8  184.2
 Quarter 335,69424,75610,938 155.4  193.9
 Quarter 436,78925,01911,770 163.6  206.4
2019Quarter 137,58121,74015,841 165.6  187.9
 Quarter 237,69822,13115,567 167.1  192.4
 Quarter 338,54423,39515,148 171.3  198.4
 Quarter 438,90523,09015,816 171.2  189.9
2020Quarter 142,58622,17320,413 192.7  184.3
 Quarter 237,21918,79018,429 169.3  163.9
 Quarter 341,15821,24319,915 194.5  184.1
 Quarter 439,28222,68016,602 182.1  205.3
       
2018January11,6496,7744,876 151.2  175.5
 February10,8556,8773,978 146.1  172.1
 March10,7076,6394,068 147.0  169.4
 April11,2737,0074,266 157.9  176.0
 May11,5426,5994,943 154.7  175.7
 June12,0708,2933,778 161.0  201.0
 July11,7148,0733,641 151.9  186.2
 August11,7228,1733,549 155.9  197.0
 September12,2588,5103,748 158.4  198.4
 October11,8988,3443,554 154.2  196.9
 November12,1468,2773,869 162.3  202.8
 December12,7458,3994,347 174.3  219.7
       
2019January12,9787,4795,499 172.3  198.3
 February13,0626,9526,109 175.2  174.8
 March11,5417,3094,232 149.3  190.5
 April12,7127,3875,325 164.6  195.3
 May12,6727,3665,306 172.9  192.3
 June12,3147,3784,936 163.8  189.7
 July13,2938,1625,131 178.1  207.3
 August12,4887,6454,843 165.4  192.0
 September12,7637,5885,174 170.3  195.8
 October14,1107,8316,280 181.7  195.6
 November12,4147,4994,915 163.4  187.3
 December12,3817,7604,621 168.4  186.8
      
2020January13,6727,6216,051 191.0  186.4
 February12,1308,2063,924 174.5  211.0
 March16,7846,34610,438 212.6  155.5
April11,3645,9635,401 157.2  153.2
May12,8976,5006,397 177.7  171.4
June12,9586,3266,632 173.1  167.1
July13,1568,2334,923 189.6  205.0
August14,4596,8177,642 200.7  185.7
September13,5426,1937,349 193.1  161.6
October12,2687,0035,265 169.0  194.3
November14,5318,6565,875 200.5  224.9
 December12,4837,0205,463 176.6  196.8
1 Seasonally adjusted data has been revised from January 2010 onwards using X-13-ARIMA methodology, implemented in JDEMETRA+. Previously X-11 methodology was used.
Table 3 Goods Exports and Imports classified by commodity1
€million
SITC (Rev 4)ExportsImports
DecDecJan-DecJan-DecDecDecJan-DecJan-Dec
20192020201920202019202020192020
0Food and live animals96299011,77111,5056617447,8257,887
00Live animals other than animals of Division 0338444543406878357467
01Meat and meat preparations3813903,8693,82189821,014895
02Dairy products and birds' eggs2212493,0812,9747083866914
03Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and preparations thereof43365775182325295282
04Cereals and cereal preparations43425365371081271,2741,220
05Vegetables and fruit25253153231061241,3321,343
06Sugars, sugar preparations and honey1291531242631383398
07Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices and manufactures thereof28254114104966654654
08Feeding stuff for animals (excluding unmilled cereals)32363683926465899955
09Miscellaneous edible products and preparations1391342,0072,0675962752759
1Beverages and tobacco1681341,7151,45275989901,074
11Beverages 1681331,7151,45272949201,014
12Tobacco and tobacco manufactures0001347060
2Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1221191,6701,39671761,002940
21Hides, skins and furskins, raw5571560000
22Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits 10138523124
23Crude rubber (including synthetic and reclaimed) 011501119
24Cork and wood9151721811220210188
25Pulp and waste paper254640536056
26Textile fibres and their wastes89129111111511
27Crude fertilisers and minerals (excluding coal, petroleum and precious stones)1191411151113179165
28Metalliferous ores and metal scrap77679797641919254224
29Crude animal and vegetable materials nes881171161818242262
3Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials83708866874423185,4663,426
32Coal, coke and briquettes1091121111166964
33Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials68497035003342024,3172,584
34Gas, natural and manufactured03111687100950705
35Electric current596059111013074
4Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes7869861926259296
41Animal oils and fats575874121619
42Fixed vegetable fats and oils1110121421216247
43Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed; waxes0011332730
5Chemicals and related products6,3817,25292,974105,8351,7011,77717,00221,478
51Organic chemicals2,5202,13830,04431,1728617364,8148,184
52Inorganic chemicals16112513302224323319
53Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials891251131621249260
54Medical and pharmaceutical products2,9054,18849,52162,0785096807,1438,388
55Essential oils; perfume materials; toilet and cleansing preparations5655367,8977,7401021061,3841,313
56Fertilisers (other than those of Division 27)001182623418398
57Plastics in primary forms30304493885356927871
58Plastics in non-primary forms34345195274852752718
59Chemical materials and products nes3013054,1573,47866789901,027
6Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material1471822,3492,3513884445,8885,765
61Leather; leather manufactures nes; dressed furskins333434212019
62Rubber manufactures nes6141051202332365361
63Cork and wood manufactures (excluding furniture)17192932632224336318
64Paper, paperboard and articles thereof13141851767278992947
65Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles and related products11131581593649541784
66Non-metallic mineral manufactures nes30425044984651662635
67Iron and steel13121891605558918774
68Non-ferrous metals79136943934593507
69Manufactures of metals nes4756746848931161,4611,420
7Machinery and transport equipment2,4051,63423,75021,6314,0963,54740,81632,109
71Power generating machinery and equipment145501,031913985071,4071,955
72Machinery specialised for particular industries77657717321301301,6211,597
73Metalworking machinery2228281111139119
74General industrial machinery and equipment nes and parts nes1671492,0581,6481411991,8552,063
75Office machines and automatic data processing machines (including computers)4924385,1334,7874114855,2115,123
76Telecommunications and sound equipment1391021,4061,1802062212,1312,096
77Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances nes and parts8466968,4219,3312343013,3363,393
78Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles)25283813444503793,6463,051
79Other transport equipment (including aircraft)5121044,5182,6672,4151,31521,47012,711
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles1,3001,25616,33014,8428479529,48410,223
81Prefab buildings; plumbing and electrical fixtures and fittings9101281272424309265
82Furniture and parts thereof; bedding, cushions etc22172281954851594551
83Travel goods, handbags and similar containers2837391616162127
84Articles of apparel; clothing accessories20182422111852132,0402,179
85Footwear4338304150471447
87Professional, scientific and controlling apparatus nes5055276,8015,9831711641,9362,227
88Photographic apparatus; optical goods; watches and clocks1031231,4091,3605449456536
89Miscellaneous manufactured articles nes6355487,4466,8973083853,5173,891
9Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere23153681492528312290
Unclassified estimates260996528811521721,8171,879
           
Total11,65711,760152,534160,8148,4788,18190,86285,367
1 Trade statistics revised since 2000. December 2020 is based on current Intrastat response levels. See background notes.
2 Estimates for which a commodity classification is not available.
Table 4 Goods Exports and Imports classified by country1
€million
CountryExportsImports
DecDecJan-DecJan-DecDecDecJan-DecJan-Dec
20192020201920202019202020192020
Austria30304163552422322285
Belgium9021,09215,50517,8971511181,6551,841
Bulgaria118161132233938
Croatia746055111718
Cyprus3241270033
Czech Republic34295624367280674717
Denmark45456615883143503560
Estonia111915212111
Finland22262772721215182156
France4473685,4355,1611,5781,35112,3339,389
Germany9311,64013,60117,4496906667,4846,737
Greece1311578401,764586868
Hungary 26183262522817216261
Italy 3222653,9004,6161421791,4501,716
Latvia4127588234446
Lithuania35366912711596
Luxembourg778392224139
Malta344042111511
Netherlands6396698,6228,5522242593,1102,983
Poland86861,1821,1426867834820
Portugal33274203721683287351
Romania2742383402137108105
Slovakia7893114765854
Slovenia810114146363835
Spain1821662,3592,4361551211,4121,599
Sweden74579387747957714496
EU Country not specified2159464996134973401,5561,893
Total EU2734,1434,82356,64863,8593,8143,46433,29930,329
Euro-Zone43,6754,48951,87759,4663,0242,84928,63825,421
         
Great Britain1,1231,08413,58212,3991,7771,60618,67417,812
Northern Ireland1801682,2082,0991351441,7131,703
Total UK1,3031,25215,78914,4981,9121,75020,38719,515
         
Australia647377688967102116
Brazil15283052982589248346
Canada197481,5401,7104458559467
China58207958,93010,5604276705,2366,206
India48394803664441638524
Japan1461842,8242,786871021,1721,248
Malaysia141320221932321,001466
Mexico132861,5361,6002839366399
Norway10262302943344593495
Russia27326124453019409291
Saudi Arabia554263462701658
Singapore5136579521338368468
South Africa152941330695122100
South Korea39495326571061089541,103
Switzerland3811075,5293,221404702,1584,222
Taiwan41293834674454520565
Thailand7131661433535429409
Turkey49396526625765665626
USA3,4913,64146,96049,8458761,05414,02312,383
Other countries4283744,6305,3522001922,8942,588
Country unknown618022,1831,4892312734,7162,443
Total Non-EU (excl UK)6,2115,68680,09782,4572,7512,96737,17735,522
         
Total11,65711,760152,534160,8148,4788,18190,86285,367
1 Trade statistics revised since 2000. December 2020 is based on current Intrastat response levels. See background notes.
2 Includes estimates for traders below the Intrastat threshold and transactions where the EU country was not specified.
3 From February 2020 the United Kingdom exited the EU, therefore the EU total is made up of the 27 remaining member states. For data comparability over time the EU are shown separately for both the current and prior periods.
4 Euro-zone members from January 2015: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Spain, Finland, France, Luxembourg, Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Malta, Cyprus, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
5 China includes Hong Kong and Macao.
6 Trade for which the country of origin or country of final destination is unknown.
Table 5 Goods Exports and Imports classified by commodity and principal countries1
€million
  ExportsImports
Country by Section level of SITCDecDecJan-DecJan-DecDecDecJan-DecJan-Dec
20192020201920202019202020192020
Great Britain and Northern Ireland1,3031,25215,78914,4981,9121,75020,38719,515
0Food and live animals4094544,7104,4993403993,8613,796
1Beverages and tobacco25223032723443454461
2Crude materials, inedible, except fuels34364864361919286264
3Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials37354232812481962,8501,875
4Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes232327555970
5Chemicals and related products3992764,4194,1244482392,8382,801
6Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material76931,2971,1401571992,3192,352
7Machinery and transport equipment1691822,2382,0013443454,2244,402
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles1171141,4691,2902332452,4292,613
9Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere353642142984601,066882
EU 2724,1434,82356,64863,8593,8143,46433,29930,329
0Food and live animals3253164,0013,8122252552,6272,777
1Beverages and tobacco49384233962943370425
2Crude materials, inedible, except fuels55517986042128290285
3Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2361191377634794317
4Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes4539491115145162
5Chemicals and related products2,3953,48438,16947,3474368305,8747,365
6Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material42466276301181301,8981,684
7Machinery and transport equipment7523986,4455,3992,6421,80018,51714,193
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles4694135,7175,0001872132,0162,094
9Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere3066309484691177671,028
USA3,4913,64146,96049,8458761,05414,02312,383
0Food and live animals16233733962516251211
1Beverages and tobacco7956768562111717
2Crude materials, inedible, except fuels322919235750
3Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials00137075471,115765
4Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes00000011
5Chemicals and related products2,5152,79635,03840,1282242713,6694,112
6Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material12241793713128426411
7Machinery and transport equipment3763064,0793,2754025877,0115,493
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles4884326,3045,063106921,3521,241
9Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere4253329812383
China38207958,93010,5604276705,2366,206
0Food and live animals6952868810445560
1Beverages and tobacco11990011
2Crude materials, inedible, except fuels444245233228
3Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials--100000
4Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes01550000
5Chemicals and related products721041,4921,7182954389503
6Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material2224263542531644
7Machinery and transport equipment6195275,9286,8132273812,6263,093
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles541055621,1341241791,5251,800
9Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere0000677676
Rest of World1,9001,25024,20822,0521,4481,24317,91816,934
0Food and live animals1441451,8191,98768701,0311,044
1Beverages and tobacco15172122141111147170
2Crude materials, inedible, except fuels26263152922723337313
3Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials22292062684340706469
4Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes0036355363
5Chemicals and related products1,00059213,85612,5185653834,2326,697
6Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material15172221834745714675
7Machinery and transport equipment4912215,0594,1444814358,4394,928
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles1721922,2792,3551962222,1622,474
9Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere1411237849897100
         
Total11,65711,760152,534160,8148,4788,18190,86285,367
1 Trade statistics revised since 2000. December 2020 is based on current Intrastat response levels. See background notes.
2 Includes estimates for traders below the Intrastat threshold and transactions where the EU country was not specified.
3 China includes Hong Kong and Macao.
Table 6 Goods Exports by industrial origin and area of destination
€million
Industrial origin and areaExports
DecDecJan-DecJan-Dec
2019202020192020
Agricultural produce7407938,5628,401
Great Britain and Northern Ireland3173753,5503,333
EU12612663,1763,029
USA1325381417
Rest of World1491271,4551,622
     
Forestry and fishing produce5352754705
Great Britain and Northern Ireland1219221232
EU13425378318
USA0022
Rest of World77154153
     
Industrial produce10,79810,810142,481150,711
Great Britain and Northern Ireland93682011,55910,470
EU13,8214,46652,83460,037
USA3,4773,61546,56949,418
Rest of World2,5641,90931,51930,786
     
Unclassified exports66105736996
     
Total11,65711,760152,534160,814
1EU excluding Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Table 7 Goods Imports by main use and area of origin
€million
Main use and area of originImports
DecDecJan-DecJan-Dec
2019202020192020
Producers capital goods ready for use3,0121,93427,33118,734
Great Britain and Northern Ireland1861921,8882,532
EU12,2151,09514,3689,994
USA2913045,0272,888
Rest of World3203436,0493,320
     
Consumption goods ready for use - food drink and tobacco5256186,5796,594
Great Britain and Northern Ireland2733203,4523,353
EU12002492,4302,546
USA435148
Rest of World4847646647
Consumption goods ready for use - other1,3661,55215,03615,562
Great Britain and Northern Ireland3984504,3904,286
EU14204984,0424,443
USA1411462,2481,998
Rest of World4084584,3574,835
     
Materials for further production - agriculture1621692,2762,308
Great Britain and Northern Ireland5156586614
EU16668789829
USA2219347271
Rest of World2326553594
Materials for further production - other3,2403,71437,56640,058
Great Britain and Northern Ireland9206739,0017,846
EU18451,43910,90211,488
USA4125776,2597,126
Rest of World1,0641,02511,40413,599
     
Unclassified imports1721952,0742,111
     
Total8,4788,18190,86285,367
1EU excluding Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Background Notes

Introduction

Goods Exports and Imports statistics provide data on the movement of goods between countries. The statistics are a combination of Customs-based non-EU trade statistics and data from the Intrastat Survey of Irish traders involved in trade with other EU member states. The collection of trade data is the responsibility of VIMA (a branch of Revenue). The CSO is responsible for processing and disseminating the data.

Revisions to the Trade in Goods statistics

Since May 2015, significant revisions were incorporated into International Trade in Goods statistics. While the most significant revision is due to recording trade in aircraft on a "transfer of economic ownership" basis, other revisions were incorporated into the Trade data back to 2000. 

Along with the aircraft revisions Goods Exports revisions also include upward revisions due to revaluing some products that had previously been recorded on a “transfer of economic ownership” basis, which was not in line with goods statistics methodology. Also Goods Imports revisions include downward revisions due to a change in the estimation methodology for non-response.

The technical note gives more detail on the revised trade in aircraft methodology and explains the impact the revisions will have on Trade in Goods, National Accounts and Balance of Payments.

Standard Revisions

Trade figures are subject to revision on the incorporation of late Intrastat and VAT returns and corrections made by traders. When the preliminary results for a month are published, the results for months -1 (November 2020 in this publication), -4 (August 2020) and -8 (April 2020) are revised. Following the move to a "transfer of economic ownership" basis for recording exports and imports of aircraft, SITC 79 figures are subject to revision on the incorporation of transactions from quarterly Balance of Payments (BoP) surveys. Such revisions will generally be incorporated into Goods Exports and Imports releases that coincide with quarterly BoP publications, i.e. when initial results are published for January, April, July and October.

Intrastat System

The Intrastat system has two components. Firstly, the Intrastat survey (conducted by the Revenue Commissioners), in which traders, above the Intrastat survey trade thresholds, make detailed monthly returns giving information on the quantity and value of all exports to or imports from EU countries.

The total number of traders required to make a detailed import return is around 5,200 while around 2,200 must make a detailed export return. The response rate in terms of number of traders in December 2020 was 52%, covering an estimated 82% of the total value of intra-EU trade (these response rates will have increased by the next time data for December is published).

The second component of the Intrastat system is the regular VAT return, on which all traders are required to record the total value of goods imported from and exported to other EU countries. This information provides the basis for determining total EU trade for those traders below the Intrastat survey thresholds. It is also used to maintain the register of EU traders.

Extrastat System

The statistics of trade with non-EU countries are compiled from the documents supplied by importers and exporters to the Customs authorities. The document is the Single Administrative Document (SAD) used for Customs clearance purposes.

Estimation

The figures in this release include estimates for traders above the Intrastat thresholds who did not make detailed returns for the period and for traders below the thresholds who did not provide aggregate intra-EU trade figures on their VAT returns.

Estimates for Intrastat non-respondents are apportioned to individual commodities and countries whenever previous Intrastat returns are available. Estimates for traders below the Intrastat thresholds are assigned to partner country where possible, but not to commodity.

More information is now being processed on lower value transactions. Prior to January 2012, transactions below €254 were grouped together, this value has now decreased to €127. Therefore, this has resulted in more detail being available at commodity level in Table 3 and at country level in Tables 4 and 5.

Unit Value Indices

The monthly unit value index measures monthly unit value trends relative to the annual levels in the preceding year using value weights relating to that year’s trade (Laspeyres index).

The annual index is compiled using value weights for both the current and previous year (Fisher index) to allow for change in the structure of trade in goods.

The monthly index series should be regarded as interim measures suitable for month-to-month comparisons within a given year. Previous monthly indices are revised when late returns are received.

When the annual unit value index is compiled, the monthly unit value indices are rescaled to make their average equal to the annual index.

The unit value index series has been rebased to 2010 from 1990. In the course of this rebasing, a detailed examination of the series was undertaken. This exercise has produced a number of modifications enabling production of a more robust series.

Seasonally Adjusted Series

In the April 2020 release the seasonal adjustment methodology for trade in goods data was updated from X-11 to X-13-ARIMA model. The X-13-ARIMA method is implemented in JDEMETRA+, the standard Eurostat software package for Seasonal Adjustment.

X-13-ARIMA incorporates significant new types of modelling capability for the issues commonly faced in seasonal adjustment, and also produces sophisticated diagnostics to help improve seasonal adjustment.

The seasonally adjusted series have been revised back to January 2010 using the new methodology.

Methodology

There are methodological differences between the measurement of exports and imports in this release compared with Industrial Production, National Accounts and Balance of Payments statistics. This release records the movement of all goods over the frontier at the valuation placed on the goods at the time of crossing the frontier. Industrial Production, National Accounts and Balance of Payments statistics take account of additional aspects of cross-frontier activities such as goods sent abroad for processing where goods cross the frontier without change of ownership. The CSO releases for those statistics provide more information on their methodology.

Services Exports and Imports

The quarterly Balance of Payments (BoP) statistics provide detail on Services exports and imports.

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