Back to Top

 Skip navigation

Extra information
Methodology Previous Releases
International comparison:
See also:
YouTube Video
For more information on this release:
E-mail: Susana Portillo 353 21 453 5640 Mary Duggan 353 21 453 5584
For general information on CSO statistics: (+353) 21 453 5000 On-line ISSN 2009-6909
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Enterprise Statistics for the Financial Sector


Summary of main indicators for banks and insurance, 2009 - 2012
 Banks (€millions) Insurance (€millions) Total (€millions)
 200912010120112012 200912010120112012 200912010120112012
Turnover210,77911,05011,7338,381 37,65539,14438,87041,695 48,43450,19450,60350,076
Gross value added7,3167,2178,7935,566 3,2733,7992,5333,379 10,58911,01611,3268,945
of which              
Gross operating surplus4,9634,6015,8042,828 2,5083,0371,7852,677 7,4717,6387,5895,505
Personnel costs2,3542,6172,9892,738 765762749702 3,1193,3793,7383,440
1 2009 and 2010 data for banks and insurance were revised following initial publication.
2 In this release, turnover is defined as production value for banks (see Table 1) and gross premiums earned for insurance (see Table 2).

Value added falls for banks and rises for insurance in 2012

Figure 1  Gross value added (GVA) for banks and insurance, 2009 to 2012
go to full release

Gross value added (GVA) for all resident banks was €5.6 billion in 2012. This was a decrease of €3.2 billion compared to 2011 due mainly to falling interest receivable from loans and deposits. GVA is the gross income from operating activities before personnel costs have been deducted.  See Headline Table, Table 1 and Figure 1.

Gross operating surplus, which is GVA minus personnel costs, was €2.8 billion in 2012 for banks, decreasing from €5.8 billion in 2011. This was the amount of money that was earned by banks through their normal operations which was used to fund the operation of the business, meet tax obligations, pay out dividends, or to meet the cost of write-downs on the value of loans advanced to customers. See Headline Table.

GVA for insurance companies (life, non-life and reinsurance) was €3.4 billion in 2012, an increase of €0.8 billion compared to 2011. The main factors at play that caused the increase in GVA derive from an increase on Gross premiums earned coupled with a decrease in Gross claims incurred.  See Headline Table, Table 2 and Figure 4.

Gross operating surplus or profit for insurance companies was almost €2.7 billion in 2012, increasing from just under €1.8 billion in 2011. See Headline Table.

In 2012, interest receivable for all resident banks in Ireland was €18.1 billion, a reduction of €2.4 billion from 2011. The 2012 figure comprises of €12.2 billion from loans and deposits and €6.0 billion in interest from securities held as assets. See Figure 2 and Table 1.

X-axis labelInterest receiveable from securitiesInterest receiveable from loans and deposits

Interest payable in 2012 from resident banks was €13 billion which comprised of €9.8 billion in interest paid for loans and deposits and €3.2 billion in interest paid to holders of issued securities. Interest payable in 2011 was €15.4 billion, €16.7 billion in 2010 and €23.7 billion in 2009. See Figure 3 and Table 1.

X-axis labelInterest payable linked to securitiesInterest payable linked to loans and deposits

Gross premiums earned, which is defined as turnover in enterprise statistics, amounted to almost €41.7 billion in 2012 for all insurance companies in Ireland. This is an increase of approximately €2.8 billion on the 2011 figure. See Figure 4 and Table 2.

Gross claims incurred by insurance companies in 2012 were €37.7 billion, which is a decrease of almost €2.4 billion from 2011. This difference was caused by a small number of non-recurrent large transactions that took place in 2011. See Figure 4 and Table 2.

X-axis labelGross premiums earnedGross claims incurred
Table 1 Production account and generation of income for all banks, 2009 - 2012
All interest receivable 30,27022,88120,55218,144
      Interest receivable from securities 8,9606,4875,5305,968
      Interest receivable from loans and deposits21,31016,39615,02312,176
Commissions receivable 1,6832,1221,9162,057
Other operating income 2,5552,7854,6181,194
All Income 34,50827,78827,08721,395
All Interest payable and similar charges 23,72916,73915,35513,014
      Interest payable linked to securities 5,4984,9254,0203,193
      Interest payable linked to loans and deposits18,23211,81411,3349,820
Production value1 excluding value adjustments and profits from affiliates10,77911,05011,7338,381
      Interest Margin2 6,5416,1435,1985,130
Commissions payable9141,067450486
Other administrative expenses (other than labour costs)486822625493
Other operating charges2,0631,9421,8641,838
Gross value added at factor cost3 7,3167,2178,7935,566
Personnel costs2,3542,6172,9892,738
Gross operating surplus at factor cost44,9634,6015,8042,828
1 All income less all interest payable and similar charges. 
2 All interest received less all interest payable and similar charges.  
3 Production value less commissions payable, other administrative expenses (other than labour costs) and other operating expenses.
4 Gross value added less personnel costs. 
Source: CSO/Central Bank survey of credit institutions.
Table 2 Production account and generation of income for all insurance companies, 2009-2012
Gross premiums earned 37,65539,14438,87041,695
Portfolio investment income 4,6644,7174,1223,898
     Investment income - Technical a/c 3,7604,1313,6233,396
     Investment income - Non-Technical a/c 903586500503
Other services produced1,8762,0451,6731,651 
     Fees receivable (commissions etc) 8791,1141,2621,046
     Other income - Technical a/c 998932411605
Gross claims incurred 27,28029,94940,07837,714
     Gross claims payments 27,59330,17540,30837,641
     Gross change in the provision for outstanding claims-314-227-23073
Capital gains and provisions -5,377-4,0306,3492,958
     Capital gains/losses realised and unrealised11,8348,682-4,00411,664
     Gross change in life insurance provision-17,211-12,71110,352-8,706
Production value1 11,53911,92810,93612,490 
Gross value of reinsurance services received1,6221,3581,5012,313
Other intermediate consumption 6,6446,7726,9016,797
Gross value added at factor cost2 3,2733,7992,5333,379 
Personnel Costs 765762749702
Gross operating surplus3 2,5083,0371,7852,677 
1 Includes gross premium earned, portfolio investment income, other services produced, capital gains and provisions less gross claims incurred.
2 Production value less gross value of reinsurance services received and other intermediate consumption.
3 Gross value added at factor cost less personnel costs.
Source: CSO Balance of Payments surveys of insurance corporations.

Background Notes



The objective behind producing Structural Business Statistics for the Financial Sector is to complete the coverage of the business economy in Ireland and to allow meaningful comparisons with other business sectors such as Industry and Services. 


This release covers banks (NACE K6419 excluding credit unions), life insurance companies (NACE K6511), non-life insurance companies (NACE K6512) and reinsurance companies (NACE K6520). 

The coverage of NACE Rev. 2 Section K (Financial Sector) is wider than the coverage of this release.  NACE Rev. 2 Section K includes:

•             K64 – Financial Service Activities except Insurance and Pension Funding.

•             K65 – Insurance, Reinsurance and Pension Funding.

•             K66 – Activities Auxiliary to Financial Services and Insurance Activities.

K64 is dominated by credit institutions which in Ireland are banks and credit unions.  However, it also includes activities of holding companies, investment funds and other financial service activities. 

K65 includes life insurance companies, non-life insurance companies and reinsurance companies as well as pension funds. 

K66 is the most diverse category and includes all financial auxiliaries including brokerage firms, insurance agents and fund management activities. 



In Structural Business Statistics (SBS), turnover comprises the totals invoiced by the enterprise during the reference period, and this corresponds to market sales of goods or services supplied to third parties. 

This definition is difficult to translate to a meaningful value for enterprises in the Financial Sector.  Therefore, for the purposes of this release, turnover is equal to production value for the statistics on banks and equal to gross premiums earned for statistics on insurance companies. 

Production Value:

Production value measures the amount actually produced by the unit, based on sales, including changes in stocks and the resale of goods and services.

For the statistics on activities of insurance companies, production value is defined as gross premiums earned, plus total portfolio investment income, plus other services produced, minus gross claims incurred, excluding claims management expenses, plus capital gains and provisions.

For the statistics on banks, production value is defined as interest receivable and similar income, less interest payable and similar charges, plus commissions’ receivable, plus income from shares and other variable-yield securities, plus net profit or net loss on financial operations, plus other operating income.

Note that the concept of Financial Intermediation Services Indirectly Measured (FISIM) is used in National Accounts for the calculation of production for banks; however, this concept is not used in Structural Business Statistics.

Gross value added (GVA) at factor cost

GVA at factor cost is the gross income from operating activities after adjusting for operating subsidies and indirect taxes.

For the statistics on insurance companies, value added at factor cost is defined as production value, minus gross value of reinsurance services received, minus commissions, minus other external expenditure on goods and services.

For the statistics on banks, value added at factor cost is defined as production value less total purchases of goods and services.

Gross operating surplus

Gross operating surplus is the surplus generated by operating activities after the labour factor input has been recompensed. It can be calculated by subtracting personnel costs from GVA at factor cost.  It is the balance available to the unit which allows it to recompense the providers of own funds and debt, to pay taxes and eventually to finance all or a part of its investment.

upArrowHide Background Notes