Back to Top

 Skip navigation

Have you noticed a change in your finances in the last year? Tell us how the cost of living impacts you https://link.cso.ie/pulse-our-money/

Extra information
For more information on this release:
E-mail: cpi@cso.ie Colin Cotter (+353) 21 453 5770 Maeve Ahern (+353) 21 453 5924 Ann Ross (+353) 21 453 5427
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 On-line ISSN 2009-5767
CSO statistical release, , 11am

Consumer Price Index

May 2022

CPI and HICP
 CPI HICP
 % monthly change % annual change % monthly change % annual change
Jan 2022-0.4 5.0 -0.4 5.0
Feb 20220.9 5.6 0.9 5.7
Mar 20221.9 6.7 2.1 6.9
Apr 20220.9 7.0 0.9 7.3
May 20220.9 7.8 1.1 8.3

Prices rise by 7.8% in the year to May 2022

Figure 1: CPI/HICP - ALL ITEMS Annual Percentage Change
go to full release

Prices on average, as measured by the CPI, were 7.8% higher in May compared with May 2021.

The most notable changes in the year were increases in Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+20.9%), Transport (+16.5%), Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+7.5%) and Restaurants & Hotels (+5.9%). There were decreases in Miscellaneous Goods & Services (-1.8%) and Education (-0.8%).

Consumer Prices in May, as measured by the CPI, increased by 0.9% in the month. During May of last year, prices rose by 0.1% in the month. The most significant monthly price changes were increases in Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+3.7%) and Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+2.0%). There were decreases in Transport (-1.7%) and Miscellaneous Goods & Services (-0.1%).

Contributions to the overall CPI – annual change

Table 17 shows the contribution of each 2-digit COICOP1 division to the overall change in the CPI. A detailed breakdown of the individual components of each of the 12 COICOP divisions is presented in Tables 4 to 15.

The divisions which caused the largest upward contribution to the CPI in the year were Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+3.33%), Transport (+2.16%), Restaurants & Hotels (+0.91%) and Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+0.53%).

The division which caused the largest downward contribution to the CPI in the year was Miscellaneous Goods & Services (-0.22%).

The main factors contributing to the annual change were as follows:

  • Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels rose mainly due to an increase in the cost of home heating oil, electricity, gas, solid fuels, higher rents and mortgage interest repayments.
  • Transport increased primarily due to a rise in prices for diesel, petrol, motor cars, services in respect of personal transport equipment and air fares. This increase was partially offset by lower prices for passenger transport by bus & coach.
  • Restaurants & Hotels rose due to higher prices for alcoholic drinks and food consumed in licensed premises, restaurants, cafes etc. and an increase in the cost of hotel accommodation.
  • Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages increased due to higher prices across a range of products such as meat, bread & cereals and milk, cheese & eggs.
  • Miscellaneous Goods & Services decreased mainly due to a reduction in prices for motor insurance premiums, jewellery, clocks & watches, health insurance premiums and articles & products for personal care. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in prices for hairdressing salons & personal grooming establishments.

Contributions to the overall CPI – monthly change

The divisions which caused the largest upward contribution to the CPI in the month were Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+0.64%) and Restaurants & Hotels (+0.17%). The division which caused the largest downward contribution in the month was Transport (-0.24%).

The main factors contributing to the monthly change were as follows:

  • Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels rose mainly due to an increase in the cost of electricity, home heating oil, gas and higher rents.
  • Restaurants & Hotels increased due to a rise in the cost of hotel accommodation and higher prices for alcoholic drinks and food consumed in licensed premises, restaurants, cafes etc.
  • Transport decreased mainly due to lower prices for airfares, passenger transport by bus & coach and rail fares. This decrease was partially offset by higher prices for petrol, diesel and motor cars.

CPI sub-indices

The sub index for Services rose by 6.9% in the year to May, while Goods increased by 9.1%. Services, excluding mortgage interest repayments, increased by 7.0% in the year since May 2021.

The CPI excluding tobacco increased by 0.9% in the month of May and rose by 7.8% in the year. The CPI excluding mortgage interest increased by 0.9% in the month and rose by 7.9% in the year.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices

Prices on average, as measured by the EU Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), increased by 8.3% compared with May 2021.

The most notable changes in the year were increases in Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+25.4%), Transport (+16.6%), Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+7.6%) and Restaurants & Hotels (+6.0%). There were decreases in Miscellaneous Goods & Services (-0.9%) and Education (-0.8%).

The HICP increased by 1.1% in the month. This compares to an increase of 0.2% recorded in May of last year.

The most significant monthly price changes were increases in Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+4.7%) and Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+2.0%). There was a decrease in Transport (-1.8%).

1 Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose Adapted to the Needs of Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (2000).

Contributions to changeannual % change
Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages4.4
Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco7.5
Clothing & Footwear3.8
Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas, etc.20.9
Furnishings, Household Equipment, etc.3
Health0.2
Transport16.5
Communications5.1
Recreation & Culture2.4
Education-0.8
Restaurants & Hotels5.9
Miscellaneous Goods & Services-1.8
ALL ITEMS7.8
Table 1 Consumer Price Index (All Items)
PeriodConsumer Price Index (CPI) Percentage changes
Dec. 2016=100 Dec. 2011=100 1 month 3 months 12 months
2015Year100.3 101.5     -0.3
2016Year100.3 101.5     0.0
2017Year100.7 101.9     0.4
2018Year101.2 102.4     0.5
2019Year102.1 103.3     0.9
2020Year101.8 103.0     -0.3
2021Year104.2 105.4     2.4
           
2019January100.4 101.6 -0.7 -1.2 0.7
 February101.2 102.4 0.8 0.1 0.6
 March102.0 103.2 0.8 0.9 1.1
 April102.4 103.6 0.4 2.0 1.7
 May102.3 103.5 -0.1 1.1 1.0
 June102.5 103.7 0.2 0.5 1.1
 July102.3 103.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.5
 August102.8 104.0 0.5 0.5 0.7
 September102.6 103.8 -0.2 0.1 0.9
 October102.3 103.6 -0.3 0.0 0.7
 November102.2 103.4 -0.1 -0.6 1.1
 December102.4 103.6 0.2 -0.2 1.3
           
2020January101.7 102.9 -0.7 -0.6 1.3
 February102.3 103.6 0.6 0.1 1.1
 March102.7 104.0 0.4 0.3 0.7
 April102.3 103.6 -0.4 0.6 -0.1
 May101.8 103.0 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
 June102.1 103.4 0.3 -0.6 -0.4
 July101.9 103.1 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4
 August101.8 103.0 -0.1 0.0 -1.0
 September101.4 102.6 -0.4 -0.7 -1.2
 October100.8 102.0 -0.6 -1.1 -1.5
 November101.1 102.3 0.3 -0.7 -1.1
 December101.4 102.6 0.3 0.0 -1.0
           
2021January101.5 102.8 0.1 0.7 -0.2
 February101.9 103.1 0.4 0.8 -0.4
 March102.7 103.9 0.8 1.3 0.0
 April103.4 104.6 0.7 1.9 1.1
 May103.5 104.8 0.1 1.6 1.7
 June103.7 104.9 0.2 1.0 1.6
 July104.1 105.3 0.4 0.7 2.2
 August104.7 106.0 0.6 1.2 2.8
 September105.2 106.4 0.5 1.4 3.7
 October105.9 107.2 0.7 1.7 5.1
 November106.5 107.8 0.6 1.7 5.3
 December107.0 108.3 0.5 1.7 5.5
           
2022January106.6 107.9 -0.4 0.7 5.0
 February107.6 108.8 0.9 1.0 5.6
 March109.6 111.0 1.9 2.4 6.7
 April110.6 111.9 0.9 3.8 7.0
 May111.6 113.0 0.9 3.7 7.8
Table 2 Consumer Price Index Subindices - May 2022
Subindices  Consumer Price Index (CPI) Percentage changes
Weights         
2022 Dec. 2016=100Dec. 2011=100 1 month 3 months 12 months
CPI excluding Tobacco97.613 111.0111.7 0.9 3.8 7.8
CPI excluding Housing88.157 110.4111.9 0.9 4.1 7.8
CPI excluding Mortgage Interest97.236 111.6115.7 0.9 3.8 7.9
CPI excluding Mortgage Interest and Local Property Tax96.775 111.7115.4 1.0 3.9 8.0
CPI excluding Energy Products91.615 107.5109.7 0.3 2.2 4.7
CPI excluding Energy and Unprocessed Food86.116 108.1110.8 0.3 2.2 4.6
Notes: CPI excluding Housing excludes rents, mortgage interest, maintenance & repair of the dwelling, refuse collection, sewage collection and
           insurance connected with the dwelling.
           CPI excluding Energy Products excludes fuels & lubricants for personal transport equipment and electricity, gas & other fuels.
           CPI excluding Energy and Unprocessed Food excludes fuels & lubricants for personal transport equipment, electricity, gas & other fuels, meat,
           vegetables, fruit and fish.
Table 3 Consumer Price COICOP Division Indices - May 2022
COICOP Division  Consumer Price Index (CPI) Percentage changes
Weights         
2022 Dec. 2016=100Dec. 2011=100 1 month 3 months 12 months
01Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages11.417 99.493.6 0.7 2.5 4.4
02Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco5.634 121.1138.3 2.0 1.3 7.5
03Clothing and Footwear4.714 91.378.3 1.7 4.7 3.8
04Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels16.394 137.0137.3 3.7 9.6 20.9
05Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance5.142 90.476.9 0.7 1.9 3.0
06Health3.209 107.0109.9 0.3 -0.1 0.2
07Transport13.968 121.9116.3 -1.7 5.0 16.5
08Communications3.250 92.284.3 0.0 2.7 5.1
09Recreation and Culture7.356 104.099.8 0.1 0.2 2.4
10Education1.735 106.8129.7 0.0 0.0 -0.8
11Restaurants and Hotels15.150 118.8129.9 1.1 4.8 5.9
12Miscellaneous Goods and Services12.030 96.8112.5 -0.1 -0.2 -1.8
 ALL ITEMS100.000 111.6113.0 0.9 3.7 7.8
 Of which:          
   Goods44.027 105.095.3 1.6 4.4 9.1
   Services55.973 116.3127.7 0.3 3.3 6.9
   Energy Products8.385 164.0151.8 6.6 20.1 46.3
   Utilities and Local Charges3.654 161.7180.1 8.3 18.8 41.1
   Alcohol8.984 113.3122.8 1.4 2.5 5.4
   Tobacco2.387 133.8171.8 0.1 1.7 6.7
   Mortgage Interest2.764 111.369.6 0.2 0.8 4.1
   Services excluding Mortgage Interest53.209 116.5134.5 0.3 3.4 7.0
Notes: See Background Notes for definition of COICOP divisions, goods, services and utilities and local charges.
            Restaurants and Hotels (COICOP 11) includes alcoholic beverages consumed on licensed premises.
            Alcohol constitutes part of COICOP 02 (off-licence sales) and part of COICOP 11 (alcohol consumed on licensed premises) giving a combined
            index for alcohol.
Table 4 COICOP Division 01 Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
01.1 Food10.1792 99.3 0.84.5
   01.1.1 Bread & Cereals1.9084 100.5 0.65.1
                   Rice0.0800 86.4 -0.52.9
                   Flours & other cereals0.0406 96.5 0.612.1
                   Bread0.6063 111.6 1.58.8
                   Other bakery products0.6485 97.7 1.12.7
                   Pizza & quiche0.1210 91.2 2.85.6
                   Pasta products & couscous0.0933 106.0 0.211.7
                   Breakfast cereals0.2151 95.4 0.03.7
                   Other cereal products0.1036 85.4 -7.5-6.8
   01.1.2 Meat2.6361 101.6 1.57.5
                    Beef & veal0.4218 96.8 0.27.3
                    Pork0.1502 104.5 2.77.3
                    Lamb & goat0.1289 111.0 5.911.3
                    Poultry0.6286 102.6 3.010.2
                    Edible offal0.0049 94.6 0.7-5.9
                    Dried, salted or smoked meat0.4739 103.2 1.25.8
                    Other meat preparations0.8278 99.9 0.35.8
   01.1.3 Fish0.3800 96.3 2.42.9
                   Fresh or chilled fish 0.1866 96.4 4.44.7
                   Frozen fish0.0237 81.2 3.8-0.9
                   Fresh or chilled seafood 0.0211 96.9 0.8-0.3
                   Dried, smoked or salted fish & seafood0.0358 108.9 2.44.6
                   Other preserved or processed fish & seafood-based preparations0.1128 95.0 -0.90.4
   01.1.4 Milk, cheese & eggs1.1189 102.5 0.46.5
                   Fresh whole milk0.2457 110.5 1.510.5
                   Fresh low fat milk0.1452 106.7 1.17.5
                   Yoghurt0.2313 109.7 -0.55.5
                   Cheese & curd 0.2514 88.4 -0.53.3
                   Other milk products0.1019 97.8 0.83.8
                   Eggs0.1434 102.2 0.27.9
   01.1.5 Oils & fats0.2884 115.6 2.612.2
                   Butter0.1454 124.6 3.611.3
                   Margarine & other vegetable fats0.0666 115.1 3.220.3
                   Olive oil0.0287 94.3 0.33.5
                   Other edible oils0.0477 102.1 -0.38.7
   01.1.6 Fruit0.8854 98.5 -0.20.5
                   Fresh or chilled fruit0.7238 98.9 -0.40.4
                   Dried fruit & nuts0.1416 95.2 1.40.5
                   Preserved fruit & fruit-based products0.0200 110.7 0.08.4
   01.1.7 Vegetables1.5969 96.1 0.91.2
                   Fresh or chilled vegetables other than potatoes & other tubers0.6849 95.6 0.31.0
                   Frozen vegetables other than potatoes & other tubers0.0421 92.7 2.84.7
                   Dried vegetables, other preserved or processed vegetables0.3057 91.5 0.95.3
                   Potatoes0.3553 97.7 2.1-3.7
                   Crisps0.1909 100.6 -0.32.9
   01.1.8 Sugar, jam, honey, chocolate & confectionery0.8243 88.4 -0.60.7
                   Sugar0.0362 96.3 0.74.7
                   Jams, marmalades & honey0.0843 85.8 0.53.9
                   Chocolate0.3943 90.2 -1.50.7
                   Confectionery products0.1551 90.0 -0.20.0
                   Edible ices & ice cream0.1311 80.8 2.1-0.9
                   Artificial sugar substitutes0.0232 87.0 -3.5-1.1
   01.1.9 Food products n.e.c. 0.5409 99.4 0.03.9
                   Sauces & condiments0.2409 95.1 0.13.3
                   Salt, spices & culinary herbs0.0505 99.0 -0.93.7
                   Baby food0.0360 106.6 -1.03.1
                   Ready-made meals0.0984 105.3 -0.65.5
                   Other food products n.e.c.0.1151 101.5 0.84.1
01.2 Non-alcoholic beverages1.2379 100.1 -0.13.2
   01.2.1 Coffee, tea & cocoa0.3814 92.1 -1.10.5
                   Coffee0.1982 94.9 0.04.1
                   Tea0.1666 89.9 -2.4-3.1
                   Cocoa & powdered chocolate0.0166 79.7 -1.6-4.7
   01.2.2 Mineral waters, soft drinks, fruit & vegetable juices0.8565 103.3 0.34.6
                   Mineral or spring waters0.2052 98.3 1.27.3
                   Soft drinks0.3446 112.1 1.23.6
                   Fruit & vegetable juices0.3067 96.9 -1.53.6
Total 11.4171 99.4 0.74.4
Table 5 COICOP Division 02 Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
02.1 Alcoholic Beverages3.2475 107.4 3.37.8
   02.1.1 Spirits0.5782 127.6 3.111.6
   02.1.2 Wine1.5494 95.9 5.83.8
   02.1.3 Beer1.1200 115.5 0.312.7
02.2 Tobacco2.3866 133.8 0.16.7
                   Cigarettes2.1048 133.0 0.26.6
                   Other tobacco products0.2819 139.7 0.17.5
Total5.6342 121.1 2.07.5
Table 6 COICOP Division 03 Clothing and Footwear - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
03.1 Clothing3.8827 92.7 1.93.0
   03.1.2 Garments3.5768 92.8 1.93.2
   03.1.3 Other articles of clothing & clothing accessories0.2147 84.8 2.5-1.7
   03.1.4 Cleaning, repair & hire of clothing0.0912 109.2 0.63.7
                   Dry cleaning & laundry0.0819 109.1 0.63.5
                   Dress hire & repair of clothing0.0093 109.6 0.05.2
03.2 Footwear0.8313 84.9 1.27.1
   03.2.1 Shoes & other footwear0.8260 84.7 1.17.1
   03.2.2 Repair & hire of footwear0.0053 104.8 0.03.5
Total4.7141 91.3 1.73.8
Table 7 COICOP Division 04 Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
04.1/04.2 Actual rentals for housing & mortgage interest10.4058 124.0 1.18.5
   04.1.1 Actual rentals paid by tenants (Rents)7.6419 129.4 1.310.0
                   Private Rents6.6074 130.2 1.611.2
                   Local Authority Rents1.0344 124.1 0.03.2
   04.2.1 Mortgage Interest 2.7639 111.3 0.24.1
04.3 Maintenance & repair of the dwelling1.0089 118.4 0.27.2
   04.3.1 Materials for the maintenance & repair of the dwelling0.4177 120.3 0.413.5
   04.3.2 Services for the maintenance & repair of the dwelling0.5912 116.6 0.03.1
04.4 Water supply & miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling 0.3088 107.5 0.63.0
04.5 Electricity, gas & other fuels4.6708 176.5 9.856.7
   04.5.1 Electricity2.3866 168.8 10.340.9
   04.5.2 Gas0.8891 171.6 6.657.1
                   Natural gas0.8291 175.6 7.061.0
                   Bottled gas0.0600 118.9 0.38.4
   04.5.3 Liquid fuels (Home Heating Oil)1.0594 213.6 13.1102.5
   04.5.4 Solid fuels0.3357 135.3 2.025.9
Total16.3943 137.0 3.720.9
Table 8 COICOP Division 05 Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
05.1 Furniture & furnishings, carpets & other floor coverings1.5040 87.6 1.26.8
   05.1.1 Furniture & furnishings1.4132 87.3 1.27.0
   05.1.2 Carpets & other floor coverings0.0908 97.5 -0.63.8
05.2 Household textiles0.4901 63.3 0.3-6.5
05.3 Household appliances0.6033 100.0 0.66.8
   05.3.1 Major household appliances whether electric or not0.4627 104.7 0.78.8
   05.3.2 Small electric household appliances0.1047 79.8 0.60.3
   05.3.3 Repair of household appliances0.0359 102.2 0.00.0
05.4 Glassware, tableware & household utensils0.2421 78.3 -0.5-1.8
05.5 Tools & equipment for house & garden0.2796 93.5 0.53.7
   05.5.1 Major tools & equipment0.0993 89.1 1.30.8
   05.5.2 Small tools & miscellaneous accessories0.1804 96.2 0.25.3
05.6 Goods & services for routine household maintenance2.0223 98.6 0.72.7
   05.6.1 Non-durable household goods1.0406 76.5 1.32.0
   05.6.2 Domestic services & household services0.9817 121.0 0.03.2
Total5.1415 90.4 0.73.0
Table 9 COICOP Division 06 Health - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
06.1 Medical products, appliances & equipment1.0138 93.9 0.2-3.0
   06.1.1 Pharmaceutical products0.8328 91.5 0.1-4.5
                   Prescribed drugs0.5220 85.2 0.1-4.9
                   Other medicines0.3109 103.0 0.2-3.6
   06.1.2 Other medical products0.0221 101.0 0.83.6
   06.1.3 Therapeutic appliances & equipment0.1589 105.5 0.43.1
06.2 Out-patient services1.9671 114.3 0.32.0
   06.2.1/3 Medical & paramedical services1.3081 114.1 0.21.9
                   Doctors' fees1.1320 113.9 0.21.8
                   Other medical & paramedical services0.1761 115.1 0.12.3
   06.2.2 Dental services0.6590 114.8 0.52.0
06.3 Hospital services0.2282 107.2 0.0-0.1
Total3.2091 107.0 0.30.2
Table 10 COICOP Division 07 Transport - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
07.1 Purchase of vehicles5.4564 119.1 0.812.9
   07.1.1 Motor cars5.3498 119.5 0.813.2
   07.1.2 Motor cycles0.0206 107.4 0.93.0
   07.1.3 Bicycles0.0859 102.4 0.12.1
07.2 Operation of personal transport equipment6.5099 135.8 2.024.2
   07.2.1 Spare parts & accessories for personal transport equipment0.4102 115.3 2.98.1
   07.2.2 Fuels & lubricants for personal transport equipment3.7146 149.5 2.333.4
                   Petrol1.9015 141.3 2.725.9
                   Diesel1.8078 158.4 2.141.6
                   Motor oil0.0053 112.4 0.64.7
   07.2.3 Maintenance & repair of personal transport equipment0.7176 108.5 0.62.6
   07.2.4 Other services in respect of personal transport equipment1.6675 124.9 1.518.6
                   Motor tax0.7090 100.3 0.00.0
                   Other vehicle costs0.9585 145.3 2.533.2
07.3 Transport services2.0022 89.4 -22.18.1
   07.3.1 Passenger transport by railway0.1850 82.3 -20.6-20.6
   07.3.2 Passenger transport by road0.6375 88.0 -10.5-14.8
                   Bus fares0.4527 81.7 -14.9-20.8
                   Taxi fares0.1848 103.7 0.00.0
   07.3.3 Passenger transport by air1.1168 95.4 -30.145.4
   07.3.4 Passenger transport by sea & inland waterway0.0138 131.0 0.011.8
   07.3.5 Combined passenger transport0.0195 78.8 -5.4-21.0
   07.3.6 Other purchased transport services0.0296 119.7 0.03.0
Total13.9684 121.9 -1.716.5
Table 11 COICOP Division 08 Communications - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
08.1 Postal services0.1440 142.9 1.114.8
08.2/3.0 Telephone & telefax equipment and telephone & telefax services3.1064 90.2 -0.14.8
Total3.2504 92.2 0.05.1
Table 12 COICOP Division 09 Recreation and Culture - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
09.1 Audio-visual, photographic & information processing equipment0.1844 66.2 0.5-2.6
   09.1.1 Equipment for the reception, recording & reproduction of sound & pictures 0.0616 60.7 -1.3-2.6
   09.1.2 Photographic & cinematographic equipment & optical instruments0.0133 73.9 -0.3-3.4
   09.1.3 Information processing equipment0.0725 46.2 2.7-4.5
   09.1.4 Recording media0.0336 100.6 -0.33.6
   09.1.5 Repair of audio-visual, photographic & information processing equipment0.0034 98.4 0.0-0.2
09.2 Other major durables for recreation & culture0.0224 102.6 0.54.0
09.3 Other recreational items & equipment, gardens & pets1.3922 85.6 0.20.6
   09.3.1 Games, toys & hobbies0.4109 72.6 0.7-6.0
   09.3.2 Equipment for sport, camping & open-air recreation0.1652 73.7 0.43.1
   09.3.3 Gardens, plants & flowers0.3637 85.7 -0.80.7
   09.3.4/5 Pets & related products including veterinary & other services for pets0.4524 106.6 0.65.5
09.4 Recreational & cultural services3.8868 109.5 0.12.4
   09.4.1 Recreational & sporting services2.0537 117.8 0.02.6
                   Sports admittance0.1348 117.6 0.01.2
                   Sports participation1.0708 122.3 0.02.6
                   Club & society subscriptions0.8267 111.9 0.02.8
   09.4.2 Cultural services1.8331 103.3 0.12.2
                   Cinema0.1029 106.5 0.91.8
                   Nightclubs0.0018 95.2 -1.6-8.6
                   Cultural admittance0.1538 98.7 0.03.1
                   Television services1.5092 102.7 0.02.1
                   Other entertainment0.0654 111.3 0.51.0
09.5 Newspapers, books & stationery0.9662 111.2 0.55.0
   09.5.1 Books0.2119 109.2 0.85.0
   09.5.2 Newspapers & periodicals0.3918 127.6 0.59.2
   09.5.3/4 Miscellaneous printed matter and stationery & drawing materials0.3625 94.4 0.50.4
09.6 Package holidays0.9040 117.6 0.04.6
Total7.3560 104.0 0.12.4
Table 13 COICOP Division 10 Education - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
10.1 Pre-primary & primary education0.1065 102.4 0.00.7
10.2 Secondary education0.2346 109.2 0.02.8
10.4 Tertiary education1.2463 108.5 0.0-0.6
10.5 Education not definable by level0.1478 92.8 0.0-10.0
Total1.7351 106.8 0.0-0.8
Table 14 COICOP Division 11 Restaurants and Hotels - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
11.1 Catering services13.4179 116.4 0.54.0
   11.1.1 Restaurants, cafes & the like13.0836 116.8 0.64.1
                  Licenced premises6.4878 114.4 0.34.5
                      Spirits0.4051 117.1 0.35.8
                      Wine1.6812 112.8 0.34.5
                      Beer3.6501 114.7 0.34.6
                      Soft drinks & mineral water0.7514 115.0 0.13.8
                  Restaurants, cafes, fast food & take-away food6.5958 119.5 0.83.7
   11.1.2 Canteens0.3343 106.5 0.0-0.7
11.2 Accommodation services1.7323 142.0 5.121.9
Total15.1503 118.8 1.15.9
Table 15 COICOP Division 12 Miscellaneous Goods and Services - May 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
12.1 Personal care3.4193 96.9 1.60.0
   12.1.1 Hairdressing salons & personal grooming establishments1.1143 119.0 0.53.2
                     Hairdressing0.8347 123.7 0.73.6
                     Health & beauty treatments0.2796 105.9 0.02.1
   12.1.2 Electric appliances for personal care0.0391 87.4 2.89.8
   12.1.3 Other appliances, articles & products for personal care2.2659 85.9 2.1-1.7
                     Hygiene products0.5738 93.1 3.72.3
                     Hair products0.2753 89.6 2.80.1
                     Cosmetics & skincare products0.8823 80.7 1.1-6.8
                     Toilet accessories0.5345 84.8 1.91.2
12.3 Personal effects n.e.c.0.7610 67.1 3.4-8.0
   12.3.1 Jewellery, clocks & watches0.4217 73.2 4.4-12.6
   12.3.2 Other personal effects0.3394 61.5 2.0-1.3
12.4 Social protection1.1575 109.0 0.01.2
                     Childcare1.0177 108.3 0.00.9
                     Other social protection0.1398 114.1 0.02.7
12.5 Insurance4.9754 96.3 -1.6-3.4
   12.5.2 Insurance connected with the dwelling0.2680 109.7 1.4-0.5
   12.5.3 Insurance connected with health3.5207 109.6 -2.1-1.2
   12.5.4 Insurance connected with transport1.1867 63.6 -0.9-10.4
                  Motor insurance1.1523 62.4 -1.1-10.9
                     Motor cycle insurance0.0076 77.9 0.00.0
                     Motor car insurance1.1447 62.3 -1.1-10.9
                  Travel insurance0.0344 119.8 4.47.8
12.6 Financial services n.e.c.0.4577 100.4 0.00.4
12.7 Other services n.e.c.1.2586 106.5 0.10.0
Total12.0295 96.8 -0.1-1.8
Table 16 Consumer Price Index Goods and Services by COICOP Division - May 2022
COICOP DivisionWeights 2022 Index       Percentage changes
    Dec. 2016=100    
          
OverallGoodsServices GoodsServices GoodsServicesOverall
       12 months12 months12 months
01Food and Non Alcoholic Beverages11.41711.417- 99.4- 4.4-4.4
02Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco5.6345.634- 121.1- 7.5-7.5
03Clothing and Footwear4.7144.6180.097 91.0109.0 3.83.73.8
04Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels 16.3941.87314.522 174.6132.6 63.615.820.9
05Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance5.1424.1121.030 82.8120.2 3.13.03.0
06Health3.2091.0142.195 93.9113.5 -3.01.70.2
07Transport13.9689.5814.387 130.9103.3 20.48.516.5
08Communications3.2500.2962.955 41.7103.4 -9.76.95.1
09Recreation and Culture7.3562.4174.939 90.4111.1 1.82.82.4
10Education1.735-1.735 -106.8 --0.8-0.8
11Restaurants and Hotels15.150-15.150 -118.8 -5.95.9
12Miscellaneous Goods & Services12.0303.0668.964 80.6102.0 -3.2-1.4-1.8
ALL ITEMS100.00044.02755.973 105.0116.3 9.16.97.8
Table 17 Contributions to the change in the All Items CPI - May 2022
COICOP DivisionPercentage contributions
1 month 3 months 12 months
01Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages0.08 0.28 0.53
02Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco0.12 0.08 0.44
03Clothing and Footwear0.08 0.22 0.17
04Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels0.64 1.60 3.33
05Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance0.03 0.10 0.17
06Health0.01 0.00 0.00
07Transport-0.24 0.69 2.16
08Communications0.00 0.09 0.18
09Recreation and Culture0.01 0.02 0.17
10Education0.00 0.00 -0.01
11Restaurants and Hotels0.17 0.73 0.91
12Miscellaneous Goods and Services0.00 -0.02 -0.22
 All Items % change0.9 3.7 7.8 
 Goods0.76 1.98 4.12
 Services0.15 1.80 3.71
 Energy Products0.63 1.74 3.54
 Tobacco0.00 0.04 0.17
 Mortgage Interest0.00 0.02 0.11
Notes: For the percentage contributions, the sum of the 2-digit COICOP divisions may not equal the All Items %
           change due to rounding differences.
Table 18 EU Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) - Ireland
Period HICP 2015=100 Percentage changes
 Monthly indexMoving 12-month average index 1 month12 monthsMoving 12-month average
2019January100.0100.8 -0.70.80.8
 February100.8100.9 0.80.70.8
 March101.6101.0 0.81.10.8
 April102.0101.1 0.41.71.0
 May101.9101.2 -0.11.01.0
 June102.1101.3 0.21.11.0
 July101.9101.3 -0.20.51.0
 August102.3101.4 0.40.60.9
 September102.0101.4 -0.30.60.9
 October101.8101.5 -0.20.60.9
 November101.6101.6 -0.20.80.9
 December101.8101.7 0.21.10.9
        
2020January101.1101.7 -0.71.10.9
 February101.7101.8 0.60.90.9
 March102.1101.9 0.40.50.9
 April101.7101.8 -0.4-0.30.7
 May101.1101.8 -0.6-0.80.6
 June101.5101.7 0.4-0.60.4
 July101.3101.7 -0.2-0.60.3
 August101.2101.6 -0.1-1.10.2
 September100.8101.5 -0.4-1.20.0
 October100.3101.4 -0.5-1.5-0.1
 November100.6101.3 0.3-1.0-0.3
 December100.8101.2 0.2-1.0-0.5
        
2021January101.0101.2 0.2-0.1-0.6
 February101.3101.1 0.3-0.4-0.7
 March102.2101.2 0.90.1-0.7
 April102.8101.2 0.61.1-0.6
 May103.0101.4 0.21.9-0.4
 June103.1101.5 0.11.6-0.2
 July103.5101.7 0.42.20.0
 August104.2102.0 0.73.00.4
 September104.6102.3 0.43.80.8
 October105.4102.7 0.85.11.3
 November106.0103.2 0.65.41.9
 December106.5103.6 0.55.72.4
        
2022January106.1104.1 -0.45.02.8
 February107.1104.5 0.95.73.4
 March109.3105.1 2.16.93.9
 April110.3105.8 0.97.34.5
 May111.5106.5 1.18.35.0
Table 19 EU Harmonised Consumer Price COICOP Division Indices - May 2022 Ireland
COICOP DivisionHICP Percentage changes Percentage contributions
Year 2015=100 1 month 12 months 1 month 12 months
01Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages96.5 0.7 4.4 0.09 0.56
02Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco122.1 2.0 7.6 0.13 0.47
03Clothing and Footwear89.1 1.7 3.7 0.08 0.18
04Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels147.9 4.7 25.4 0.67 3.38
05Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance85.9 0.7 3.0 0.04 0.18
06Health108.0 0.1 0.0 0.01 0.00
07Transport117.8 -1.8 16.6 -0.26 2.19
08Communications90.1 0.0 5.1 0.00 0.19
09Recreation and Culture101.4 0.1 2.4 0.01 0.18
10Education111.8 0.0 -0.8 0.00 -0.02
11Restaurants and Hotels121.0 1.2 6.0 0.18 0.97
12Miscellaneous Goods and Services95.3 0.8 -0.9 0.07 -0.07
All Items HICP111.5 1.1 8.3 1.1 8.3 
Notes: For the percentage contributions, the sum of the 2-digit COICOP divisions may not equal the All Items HICP due to rounding differences.

Background Notes

Consumer Price Index

Definition

The Consumer Price Index is designed to measure the change in the average level of prices (inclusive of all indirect taxes) paid for consumer goods and services by all private and institutional households in the country and by foreign tourists holidaying in Ireland.

Consumer Price Index (CPI) Pricing Period

Approximately 50,000 prices are collected for a representative basket consisting of 615 item headings in a fixed panel of retail and service outlets throughout the country during the week containing the second Tuesday of each month up to and including the third Tuesday of each month.

Scope of the Index

  1. Population Coverage: All private and institutional households in the State and the expenditure of foreign tourists within Ireland. It does not include the expenditure of other non-private households. Expenditure which occurs abroad by Irish residents is also excluded. In statistical terms coverage is referred to as the domestic concept.
  2. Geographic Coverage: Covers the whole of the Republic of Ireland. Pricing takes place in 30 locations (cities and towns) throughout the country. Online pricing and price files received from large retailers reflecting national pricing strategies are also included.
  3. Item Coverage: All goods and services bought by the reference population for the purposes of consumption are included in the index. Expenditure on capital assets and investments, gambling and certain other activities are however excluded. There are 615 item headings and 12 division headings based on the COICOP classification. With each rebase the coverage of goods and services is reviewed to ensure that it continues to be representative of consumer tastes and purchasing practices.

Price Collection   

Personal visits are made to retail outlets by some 30 price collectors on a monthly basis. Approximately 12,000 price quotations are gathered in this way. This is complemented by price files received directly from large retailers each month as well as manual internet pricing. In addition, 137 special inquiries covering items such as utility charges and services are conducted by post, telephone and e-mail in conjunction with internet price collection. Most prices are collected monthly, some quarterly and others annually. The CSO supplies general specifications to price collectors and price collectors are free initially to select a brand and in certain cases, size. This allows for a wide variety of different brands of the same item to be priced throughout the country. Once selected, the same item/brand is priced every month in order to ensure matched price quotations. If an item is unavailable, substitution can occur. If it's replaced with a non comparable item, that price is excluded until matched prices are available for two consecutive months. The CSO wishes to put on record its appreciation of the co-operation and assistance it receives from retail outlets and other business concerns.

Classification

The classification used in the CPI is based on a version of the Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose Adapted to the Needs of Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (2000) (COICOP). This replaced the former national classification which was used up to December 2001. The COICOP classification breaks consumer expenditure into twelve different divisions covering a comprehensive range of consumer goods and services.

Annual Update of CPI Weights

Since 2012 the weights of the items in the basket have been updated annually at CPI COICOP class (4-digit) level using information on consumer expenditure from National Accounts Household Final Monetary Consumption Expenditure (HFMCE). Additionally at the 2016 rebase, a more granular level update of the weights (5-digit) was possible using information from the latest Household Budget Survey (HBS) which was carried out between February 2015 and February 2016.

CPI Item Weights

The CPI measures in index form the monthly changes in the cost of purchasing a fixed representative ‘basket’ of consumer goods and services (i.e. Laspeyres formula). Identical items are priced in the same outlet on each occasion so that changes in the cost of this constant basket reflect only pure price changes. The current basket of goods and services consists of 615 representative items which were predominantly selected as part of the December 2016 rebase. The representative share of each item in the basket is proportional to the average amount purchased by all households in the State and foreign tourists in Ireland based primarily on the 2015/2016 Household Budget Survey (HBS) and estimates of expenditure by foreign tourists across a range of consumer goods and services.  

Methodological Details

A full methodological description of the new series is available in the CPI - Introduction of Updated Series (Base December 2016=100) (PDF 1,524KB) which is published on the CSO website. 

Rebase

The index has been rebased with effect from December 2016.

The rebase of the current CPI resulted in a number of methodological changes:

  • Updating the expenditure weights;
  • A revision of the sample of goods and services;
  • Improved methods of price collection

Goods and Services

Goods

Goods are defined as non service items usually purchased and transportable from a retail outlet.

Services

Services include the following: rents, mortgage interest, services for the maintenance & repair of the dwelling, water supply & miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling, electricity, gas, repair of household appliances, tool hire, domestic services & household services, out-patient services, hospital services, maintenance/repair and other services in respect of personal transport equipment, transport services, postal services, telephone services, repair of audio-visual, photographic & information processing equipment, veterinary & other services for pets, recreational & cultural services, package holidays, education, catering services, accommodation services, hairdressing salons & personal grooming establishments, social protection, insurance, financial services n.e.c. and other services n.e.c.

Utilities and Local Charges

Includes electricity, natural gas, refuse collection, sewage collection, water supply and telephone services – landline.

Mortgage Interest and the Local Property Tax in the CPI

Mortgage interest was first included in the CPI at the November 1975 rebase. The use of mortgage interest in the CPI reflects a user-cost approach to measuring owner-occupied housing. This approach has involved measuring changes in average mortgage interest costs over time. The household charge was introduced to the CPI in April 2012 and subsequently became the local property tax in July 2013. The local property tax is included in the basket under the item 'miscellaneous goods and services', which is part of COICOP 12.7.0. The inclusion of the local property tax is consistent with the user-cost approach utilised for owner-occupied housing. In the interest of transparency, an index excluding both mortgage interest and the local property tax is provided in Table 2 of the release to allow for their impact in the CPI to be seen.

Mortgage interest and the local property tax are excluded from the HICP.   

Water supply and sewage collection charges

Water supply and sewage collection charges were introduced in Ireland on 1 January 2015. The coverage of the CPI/HICP is defined as those goods and services purchased by households for the purposes of consumption. This definition required the incorporation of the new charges into the CPI/HICP. Water supply and sewage collection charges are a component of group 04.4 Water supply & miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling of the COICOP consumption classification. Water supply and sewage collection charges were suspended from 1st July 2016. 

For a full discussion on the rationale and methodology for introducing water supply and sewage collection charges into the CPI/HICP, see the relevant CPI Technical Paper Introduction of Water Supply and Sewage Collection (PDF 593KB) .

Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices

Introduction

The European Union-Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (EU-HICP) is calculated in each Member State of the EU. The purpose of this index is to allow the comparison of consumer price trends in the different Member States.

Comparison with CPI

The methodology now adopted for the construction of the national CPI is identical to that recommended for the HICP. Thus the two indices only differ in respect of the coverage of certain goods and services and the treatment of insurance. The current EU reference base period (Year 2015=100) is however retained for ease of comparison with other EU countries.

Excluded Items

The following items, constituting approximately 6.2% of the Irish CPI expenditure weighting (at rebase 2016), are excluded from the HICP:

  • mortgage interest
  • building materials
  • motor car tax
  • motor cycle tax
  • motor car insurance (non-service)
  • contents insurance (non-service)
  • dwelling insurance
  • union subscriptions
  • local property tax 

Annual Update of HICP Weights

Since 2012 the weights of the items in the basket have been updated annually at HICP COICOP class (4-digit) level using information on consumer expenditure from National Accounts Household Final Monetary Consumption Expenditure (HFMCE). Additionally at the 2016 rebase, a more granular level update of the weights (5-digit) was possible using information from the latest Household Budget Survey (HBS) which was carried out between February 2015 and February 2016.

Monetary Union Index of Consumer Prices (MUICP)

Euro area inflation is measured by the MUICP (‘Monetary Union Index of Consumer Prices’ as defined in Council Regulation (EC) No 2494/95 of 23 October 1995) which is the official euro area aggregate. The MUICP is calculated as a weighted average of HICPs of the 18 countries in the euro area. Country weights are computed every year reflecting the country’s share of the household final monetary consumption expenditure in the euro area total.

Classification System

The coverage of the indices is based on the international classification system, Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose Adapted to the Needs of Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (2000) (COICOP).

COICOP

Prior to the introduction of the December 2001 based series in January 2002 the CPI used a national classification while the EU Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) used COICOP. To ensure greater comparability CPI and the HICP have both used the COICOP since December 2001.

The COICOP classification is based on 12 divisions:

01    Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages

Includes food and non-alcoholic beverages purchased in supermarkets, small shops, speciality shops and petrol station forecourt outlets. It excludes meals out which are covered under 11 Restaurants and Hotels.

02    Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco

Includes alcoholic beverages purchased in off licences and supermarkets but excludes alcohol consumed on or within licensed premises which is classified under 11 Restaurants and Hotels. It also includes tobacco products.

03    Clothing and Footwear

Men's, ladies and children's clothing and footwear, sports and leisurewear and services such as laundry and dry cleaning, shoe repair, dress hire and alteration.

04    Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels

Covers rents, mortgage interest repayments, refuse collection, goods and services for maintaining, decorating and repairing dwellings and domestic energy products such as electricity, gas, home heating oil and solid fuels. Water supply and sewage collection were added to this division under the item 'water supply and miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling' in January 2015.

05    Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance

Covers household items such as furniture, carpets and other floor coverings, household textiles and soft furnishings, household appliances and other household items such as utensils, tools, garden equipment and non-durable items for cleaning, washing and other day to day household activity. Also included are services such as electrical repair, cleaning and gardening.

06    Health

Includes medical products, appliances and equipment, hospital charges and outpatient services supplied by doctors, dentists, opticians, physiotherapists and practitioners of alternative and complementary medicine.

07    Transport

Includes the purchase of new and second hand vehicles, spare parts, car maintenance, fuels and lubricants, public transport and services such as parking, motor association subscriptions, car wash, toll charges, driving lessons, driving test, driving licence and car hire.

08    Communications

Postal and telecommunications services.

09    Recreation and Culture

Includes items such as audio visual and photographic equipment, computers, music and DVDs, sports and recreation goods, games and toys, items connected with gardening and pets, recreational, sporting and cultural activities and events, newspapers and other reading material, package holidays and other items connected with recreation and culture.

10    Education

Includes pre-primary and primary, secondary, third level fees and other education and training such as night courses and examination fees.

11    Restaurants and Hotels

Includes meals in restaurants and hotels, fast food and takeaways, cafes and canteens; alcohol consumed on or within licensed premises and accommodation services supplied by hotels, guesthouses and hostels.

12    Miscellaneous Goods and Services

Covers a wide range of items including hairdressing; goods for hygiene, hair and body care; personal goods such as jewellery, handbags and wallets; childcare and other social protection services; insurance, financial services and other services including funerals, weddings, legal and professional services. The household charge was added to this division, in the CPI, under the item 'miscellaneous goods and services' in April 2012. The household charge subsequently became the local property tax in July 2013. The local property tax is not included in the HICP.

HICP Flash Estimates

Under Regulation (EU) 2016/792, Ireland is obliged to send flash estimates to Eurostat as part of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP). The flash estimates are compiled for the HICP All Items index and for the full COICOP sub-index breakdown of the HICP.

Eurostat publish the flash estimate, usually on the last working day of the reference month, which is about two weeks in advance of the final HICP. Their news release contains the EuroArea aggregate for the All Items HICP and nine major sub-indices. Since September 2019, Eurostat’s news release has also included a country table of annual and monthly changes in the HICP All Items flash estimate.

In line with Euro area countries, from November 2019, the CSO has agreed to allow publication of the annual and monthly changes in the HICP All Items flash estimate on the Eurostat website going forward.

Flash Estimate vs. Final HICP

The track record of the flash estimate as a predictor of the final HICP figure for Ireland has been good in years leading up to Eurostat publication. In recent years, inflation levels have been low and the published index and the monthly percentage change have been within zero or one percentage point of the flash estimate on most occasions – i.e. the final HICP has only minimally revised the flash estimate.

However, it should be noted that this is only a flash estimate and should be treated accordingly. The full quality control has not been completed to the same extent as the final HICP and in some instances missing prices have been imputed where price collection has not yet been completed in time for the flash estimate deadline.

In a period of higher inflation, the final HICP figure may diverge further from the earlier flash estimate.

Calculating percentage changes in the index

The movement of the CPI, HICP and their subindices are expressed as percentage changes, rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas percentage changes are not. The example below illustrates the computation of index point and percentage changes. 

Index point change  
Current index 106.7
Less previous index 103.7
Equals index point change 3.0
   
Percentage change  
Index point change 3.0
Divided by the previous index 103.7
Equals 0.0289
Result multiplied by 100 0.0289 x 100
Equals percentage change 2.9

Estimating Contributions

A contribution represents the amount of the overall percentage change in the All Items CPI which is accounted for by any given category. It can be estimated for any category in the CPI (e.g. the twelve COICOP 2-digit divisions) and for any period of time.

Data Required:

  1. Base weight for the category for which you wish to estimate the contribution.
  2. Current index for the category in question (same base period).
  3. Previous index for the category in question (same base period).
  4. All Items CPI for the previous period in question (i.e. the start period).

Example:

To estimate the contribution of Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (COICOP 01) to the overall annual percentage change in the CPI up to July 2006 you would need the following data

1 Base weight for COICOP 01 (base:December 2001=100) 14.092%
2 Current Index (i.e. July 2006) for COICOP 01 103.7
3 Previous Index (i.e. July 2005) for COICOP 01 102.1
4 All Items CPI for the previous period (i.e. July 2005) 111.3

Steps in the calculation

Step 1 Multiply the base weight by the current index 14.092 x 103.7
  Equals (1) 1461.3404
Step 2 Multiply the base weight by the previous index 14.092 x 102.1
  Equals (2)  1438.7932
Step 3 Subtract figure (2) from figure (1) 1461.3404 - 1438.7932
  Equals (3) 22.5472
Step 4 Divide figure (3) by the All Items CPI for the previous period 22.5472 / 111.3
  Equals Contribution 0.20

 Therefore your estimated contribution of Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages to the percentage change in the CPI for the year to July 2006 is 0.20. The actual published figure was 0.19. The difference is due to the fact that actual published contributions are calculated using data to more decimal places.

It is more complicated to estimate contributions where more than one base period is involved, as the base weights will have changed (e.g. to estimate a contribution for the period January 2000 to January 2005 involves the November 1996=100 base and the December 2001=100 base). For assistance in this regard please contact the CPI section.

Data Dissemination on www.cso.ie

The CSO website (www.cso.ie) now holds a range of CPI data. Within the Consumer Prices section of the website (accessed via the ‘Prices’ link on the homepage), a range of principle statistics are held including overall annual percentage changes from 1977 to date, All Items CPI annual figures from 1996 to date and COICOP division monthly and annual figures from 2002 to date.

Further data can be accessed at www.cso.ie by clicking on ‘Databases’ and ‘PxStat CSO Main Data Dissemination Service’. The subject area is ‘Economy’, ‘Prices’, ‘Consumer Prices’ and ‘Consumer Prices - Annual Series’ or ‘Consumer Prices - Monthly Series’. The website is updated each month at 11am on the CPI publication day.

The Database Direct for the CPI contains monthly and annual index numbers and percentage changes for the following categories and time periods:

Category  Period
All Items CPI  1975 to date
12 COICOP Divisions  1975 to date

Special CPI Subindices (CPI excluding Tobacco, Energy Products, etc.)

1982 to date
Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) 1997 to date

In addition, the following data can also be accessed within Database Direct.

  • National average prices for selected CPI goods and services from January 1997 to date.
  • All Items CPI numbers for various base periods from 1922 to date.
  • Detailed sub-indices are available from 2003 to date. 

Any queries relating to the usage of the web dissemination database for CPI data should be directed to cpi@cso.ie

upArrowHide Background Notes

Scan the QR code below to view this release online or go to
http://www.cso.ie/en/releasesandpublications/er/cpi/consumerpriceindexmay2022/