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CSO statistical release, , 11am

Consumer Price Index

January 2022

CPI and HICP
 CPI HICP
 % monthly change % annual change % monthly change % annual change
Sep 20210.5 3.7 0.4 3.8
Oct 20210.7 5.1 0.8 5.1
Nov 20210.6 5.3 0.6 5.4
Dec 20210.5 5.5 0.5 5.7
Jan 2022-0.4 5.0 -0.4 5.0

Prices rise by 5.0% in the year to January 2022

Figure 1: CPI/HICP - ALL ITEMS Annual Percentage Change
go to full release

Methodology change for Motor Insurance

Prices on average, as measured by the CPI, were 5.0% higher in January compared with January 2021.

The most notable changes in the year were increases in Transport (+14.1%), Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+12.0%), Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+8.4%) and Recreation & Culture (+2.6%). There were decreases in Clothing & Footwear (-3.7%) and Miscellaneous Goods & Services (-0.8%).

Consumer Prices in January, as measured by the CPI, decreased by 0.4% in the month. During January of last year, prices rose by 0.1% in the month. The most significant monthly price changes were decreases in Clothing & Footwear (-8.0%) and Transport (-3.7%). There were increases in Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+9.9%) and Recreation & Culture (+0.6%).

Contributions to the overall CPI – annual change

Table 17 shows the contribution of each 2-digit COICOP1 division to the overall change in the CPI. A detailed breakdown of the individual components of each of the 12 COICOP divisions is presented in Tables 4 to 15.

The divisions which caused the largest upward contribution to the CPI in the year were Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+1.95%), Transport (+1.80%), Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+0.50%) and Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+0.31%).

The divisions which caused the largest downward contribution to the CPI in the year were Clothing & Footwear (-0.20%) and Miscellaneous Goods & Services (-0.10%).

The main factors contributing to the annual change were as follows:

  • Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels rose mainly due to higher rents and mortgage interest repayments and an increase in the cost of electricity, home heating oil and gas.
  • Transport increased primarily due to higher prices for motor cars, diesel and petrol and a rise in the cost of services in respect of personal transport equipment.
  • Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco rose due to higher prices for alcoholic beverages sold in supermarkets and off licences and an increase in the cost of tobacco products.
  • Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages increased due to higher prices across a range of products such as bread & cereals, meat and mineral waters, soft drinks, fruit & vegetable juices.
  • Clothing & Footwear fell due to sales.
  • Miscellaneous Goods & Services decreased primarily due to a reduction in motor insurance premiums and lower prices for jewellery, clocks & watches and articles & products for personal care. This reduction was partially offset by an increase in the cost of health insurance premiums.

Contributions to the overall CPI – monthly change

The divisions which caused the largest downward contribution to the CPI in the month were Transport (-0.52%) and Clothing & Footwear (-0.37%). The divisions which caused the largest upward contribution in the month were Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+0.56%) and Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+0.09%).

The main factors contributing to the monthly change were as follows:

  • Transport fell due to lower prices for airfares and services in respect of personal transport equipment.
  • Clothing & Footwear decreased due to sales.
  • Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco rose due to higher prices for alcoholic beverages sold in supermarkets and off licences.
  • Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels increased primarily due to a rise in the cost of home heating oil and higher rents and mortgage interest repayments.

CPI sub-indices

The sub index for Services rose by 4.2% in the year to January, while Goods increased by 5.9%. Services, excluding mortgage interest repayments, increased by 4.3% in the year since January 2021.

The CPI excluding tobacco decreased by 0.4% in the month of January and rose by 5.0% in the year. The CPI excluding mortgage interest decreased by 0.5% in the month and rose by 5.0% in the year.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices

Prices on average, as measured by the EU Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), increased by 5.0% compared with January 2021.

The most notable changes in the year were increases in Transport (+14.4%), Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+14.1%), Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+8.5%) and Recreation & Culture (+2.5%). There were decreases in Clothing & Footwear (-3.6%) and Miscellaneous Goods & Services (-0.9%).

The HICP decreased by 0.4% in the month. This compares to an increase of 0.2% recorded in January of last year.

The most significant monthly price changes were decreases in Clothing & Footwear (-7.9%) and Transport (-3.9%). There were increases in Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+9.9%) and Recreation & Culture (+0.6%).

1 Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose Adapted to the Needs of Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (2000).

Contributions to changeannual % change
Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages2.1
Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco8.4
Clothing & Footwear-3.7
Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas, etc.12
Furnishings, Household Equipment, etc.2.3
Health1.1
Transport14.1
Communications2.5
Recreation & Culture2.6
Education0.2
Restaurants & Hotels2.3
Miscellaneous Goods & Services-0.8
ALL ITEMS5

Soundbyte

This is an audio file with a 38-second quote from CSO statistician with the Prices Division, Colin Cotter, about the January 2022 Consumer Price Index release.
Media outlets have permission to use the clip as long as they credit the CSO.

Table 1 Consumer Price Index (All Items)
PeriodConsumer Price Index (CPI) Percentage changes
Dec. 2016=100 Dec. 2011=100 1 month 3 months 12 months
2015Year100.3 101.5     -0.3
2016Year100.3 101.5     0.0
2017Year100.7 101.9     0.4
2018Year101.2 102.4     0.5
2019Year102.1 103.3     0.9
2020Year101.8 103.0     -0.3
2021Year104.2 105.4     2.4
           
2019January100.4 101.6 -0.7 -1.2 0.7
 February101.2 102.4 0.8 0.1 0.6
 March102.0 103.2 0.8 0.9 1.1
 April102.4 103.6 0.4 2.0 1.7
 May102.3 103.5 -0.1 1.1 1.0
 June102.5 103.7 0.2 0.5 1.1
 July102.3 103.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.5
 August102.8 104.0 0.5 0.5 0.7
 September102.6 103.8 -0.2 0.1 0.9
 October102.3 103.6 -0.3 0.0 0.7
 November102.2 103.4 -0.1 -0.6 1.1
 December102.4 103.6 0.2 -0.2 1.3
           
2020January101.7 102.9 -0.7 -0.6 1.3
 February102.3 103.6 0.6 0.1 1.1
 March102.7 104.0 0.4 0.3 0.7
 April102.3 103.6 -0.4 0.6 -0.1
 May101.8 103.0 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5
 June102.1 103.4 0.3 -0.6 -0.4
 July101.9 103.1 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4
 August101.8 103.0 -0.1 0.0 -1.0
 September101.4 102.6 -0.4 -0.7 -1.2
 October100.8 102.0 -0.6 -1.1 -1.5
 November101.1 102.3 0.3 -0.7 -1.1
 December101.4 102.6 0.3 0.0 -1.0
           
2021January101.5 102.8 0.1 0.7 -0.2
 February101.9 103.1 0.4 0.8 -0.4
 March102.7 103.9 0.8 1.3 0.0
 April103.4 104.6 0.7 1.9 1.1
 May103.5 104.8 0.1 1.6 1.7
 June103.7 104.9 0.2 1.0 1.6
 July104.1 105.3 0.4 0.7 2.2
 August104.7 106.0 0.6 1.2 2.8
 September105.2 106.4 0.5 1.4 3.7
 October105.9 107.2 0.7 1.7 5.1
 November106.5 107.8 0.6 1.7 5.3
 December107.0 108.3 0.5 1.7 5.5
           
2022January106.6 107.9 -0.4 0.7 5.0
Table 2 Consumer Price Index Subindices - January 2022
Subindices  Consumer Price Index (CPI) Percentage changes
Weights         
2022 Dec. 2016=100Dec. 2011=100 1 month 3 months 12 months
CPI excluding Tobacco97.613 106.0106.6 -0.4 0.7 5.0
CPI excluding Housing88.157 105.2106.7 -0.5 0.6 4.8
CPI excluding Mortgage Interest97.236 106.5110.4 -0.5 0.7 5.0
CPI excluding Mortgage Interest and Local Property Tax96.775 106.5110.1 -0.5 0.7 5.0
CPI excluding Energy Products91.615 104.4106.6 -0.5 0.4 3.1
CPI excluding Energy and Unprocessed Food86.116 105.0107.6 -0.6 0.4 3.1
Notes: CPI excluding Housing excludes rents, mortgage interest, maintenance & repair of the dwelling, refuse collection, sewage collection and
           insurance connected with the dwelling.
           CPI excluding Energy Products excludes fuels & lubricants for personal transport equipment and electricity, gas & other fuels.
           CPI excluding Energy and Unprocessed Food excludes fuels & lubricants for personal transport equipment, electricity, gas & other fuels, meat,
           vegetables, fruit and fish.
Table 3 Consumer Price COICOP Division Indices - January 2022
COICOP Division  Consumer Price Index (CPI) Percentage changes
Weights         
2022 Dec. 2016=100Dec. 2011=100 1 month 3 months 12 months
01Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages11.417 96.190.5 -0.1 0.5 2.1
02Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco5.634 120.9138.1 9.9 6.8 8.4
03Clothing and Footwear4.714 81.870.2 -8.0 -5.8 -3.7
04Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels16.394 123.5123.8 0.5 2.2 12.0
05Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance5.142 88.575.3 -1.1 0.7 2.3
06Health3.209 107.0109.9 0.0 0.4 1.1
07Transport13.968 113.5108.3 -3.7 0.4 14.1
08Communications3.250 90.782.9 0.0 0.9 2.5
09Recreation and Culture7.356 103.399.1 0.6 0.9 2.6
10Education1.735 107.9131.0 0.1 0.3 0.2
11Restaurants and Hotels15.150 112.8123.2 -0.2 0.0 2.3
12Miscellaneous Goods and Services12.030 97.0112.7 -0.9 -0.6 -0.8
 ALL ITEMS100.000 106.6107.9 -0.4 0.7 5.0
 Of which:          
   Goods44.027 99.189.9 0.3 1.0 5.9
   Services55.973 112.1123.2 -1.0 0.4 4.2
   Energy Products8.385 132.9123.0 0.8 3.7 28.9
   Utilities and Local Charges3.654 136.1151.6 0.0 5.7 22.0
   Alcohol8.984 111.4120.6 6.6 3.6 3.9
   Tobacco2.387 131.6168.9 -0.2 2.5 7.4
   Mortgage Interest2.764 109.868.8 0.5 1.0 3.9
   Services excluding Mortgage Interest53.209 112.3129.6 -1.0 0.4 4.3
Notes: See Background Notes for definition of COICOP divisions, goods, services and utilities and local charges.
            Restaurants and Hotels (COICOP 11) includes alcoholic beverages consumed on licensed premises.
            Alcohol constitutes part of COICOP 02 (off-licence sales) and part of COICOP 11 (alcohol consumed on licensed premises) giving a combined
            index for alcohol.
Table 4 COICOP Division 01 Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
01.1 Food10.1792 96.0 -0.12.0
   01.1.1 Bread & Cereals1.9084 96.6 -0.93.5
                   Rice0.0800 81.7 -4.70.9
                   Flours & other cereals0.0406 89.9 0.74.2
                   Bread0.6063 105.9 0.67.0
                   Other bakery products0.6485 95.3 0.51.9
                   Pizza & quiche0.1210 86.8 -0.80.2
                   Pasta products & couscous0.0933 97.4 -2.46.9
                   Breakfast cereals0.2151 92.8 -1.82.2
                   Other cereal products0.1036 84.5 -13.6-2.9
   01.1.2 Meat2.6361 96.7 0.12.0
                    Beef & veal0.4218 92.0 0.10.2
                    Pork0.1502 97.5 2.4-1.8
                    Lamb & goat0.1289 106.8 6.09.7
                    Poultry0.6286 95.5 -1.73.6
                    Edible offal0.0049 100.5 0.00.0
                    Dried, salted or smoked meat0.4739 99.4 0.50.3
                    Other meat preparations0.8278 96.2 -0.12.1
   01.1.3 Fish0.3800 93.7 0.0-0.5
                   Fresh or chilled fish 0.1866 91.2 -0.5-1.5
                   Frozen fish0.0237 84.2 2.1-0.7
                   Fresh or chilled seafood 0.0211 95.7 5.4-2.5
                   Dried, smoked or salted fish & seafood0.0358 102.8 1.1-1.3
                   Other preserved or processed fish & seafood-based preparations0.1128 96.3 -0.91.6
   01.1.4 Milk, cheese & eggs1.1189 97.7 -0.11.6
                   Fresh whole milk0.2457 102.6 2.42.6
                   Fresh low fat milk0.1452 101.8 2.82.5
                   Yoghurt0.2313 104.1 -4.82.7
                   Cheese & curd 0.2514 86.2 -0.20.6
                   Other milk products0.1019 96.1 -1.0-0.2
                   Eggs0.1434 96.6 1.30.0
   01.1.5 Oils & fats0.2884 109.6 1.85.2
                   Butter0.1454 115.7 0.11.8
                   Margarine & other vegetable fats0.0666 108.5 6.812.1
                   Olive oil0.0287 93.6 0.82.2
                   Other edible oils0.0477 101.4 0.47.8
   01.1.6 Fruit0.8854 96.2 -1.80.6
                   Fresh or chilled fruit0.7238 96.4 -2.10.6
                   Dried fruit & nuts0.1416 93.8 -0.10.1
                   Preserved fruit & fruit-based products0.0200 107.1 -0.47.7
   01.1.7 Vegetables1.5969 94.5 0.31.0
                   Fresh or chilled vegetables other than potatoes & other tubers0.6849 94.1 -0.11.1
                   Frozen vegetables other than potatoes & other tubers0.0421 89.4 0.30.8
                   Dried vegetables, other preserved or processed vegetables0.3057 88.5 -0.22.4
                   Potatoes0.3553 96.9 0.2-4.2
                   Crisps0.1909 100.9 3.28.1
   01.1.8 Sugar, jam, honey, chocolate & confectionery0.8243 88.6 1.82.9
                   Sugar0.0362 95.5 4.83.8
                   Jams, marmalades & honey0.0843 85.1 1.83.0
                   Chocolate0.3943 91.2 3.84.2
                   Confectionery products0.1551 88.2 -1.62.1
                   Edible ices & ice cream0.1311 81.4 1.5-0.5
                   Artificial sugar substitutes0.0232 90.6 -6.46.6
   01.1.9 Food products n.e.c. 0.5409 97.3 0.33.2
                   Sauces & condiments0.2409 93.6 -0.73.8
                   Salt, spices & culinary herbs0.0505 98.6 1.24.2
                   Baby food0.0360 103.6 -0.42.4
                   Ready-made meals0.0984 102.3 1.41.4
                   Other food products n.e.c.0.1151 98.3 1.73.6
01.2 Non-alcoholic beverages1.2379 97.5 0.13.9
   01.2.1 Coffee, tea & cocoa0.3814 91.9 -2.03.4
                   Coffee0.1982 93.4 -2.45.9
                   Tea0.1666 91.4 -1.21.3
                   Cocoa & powdered chocolate0.0166 79.1 -4.1-4.8
   01.2.2 Mineral waters, soft drinks, fruit & vegetable juices0.8565 99.5 1.04.3
                   Mineral or spring waters0.2052 90.8 -1.92.1
                   Soft drinks0.3446 108.8 1.75.3
                   Fruit & vegetable juices0.3067 95.3 2.04.7
Total 11.4171 96.1 -0.12.1
Table 5 COICOP Division 02 Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
02.1 Alcoholic Beverages3.2475 108.2 17.48.7
   02.1.1 Spirits0.5782 129.8 25.410.8
   02.1.2 Wine1.5494 96.5 14.95.3
   02.1.3 Beer1.1200 116.0 16.813.9
02.2 Tobacco2.3866 131.6 -0.27.4
                   Cigarettes2.1048 130.9 -0.27.3
                   Other tobacco products0.2819 136.6 0.08.0
Total5.6342 120.9 9.98.4
Table 6 COICOP Division 03 Clothing and Footwear - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
03.1 Clothing3.8827 82.7 -8.8-4.3
   03.1.2 Garments3.5768 82.0 -9.6-4.7
   03.1.3 Other articles of clothing & clothing accessories0.2147 83.6 -2.1-1.2
   03.1.4 Cleaning, repair & hire of clothing0.0912 107.6 0.32.4
                   Dry cleaning & laundry0.0819 107.5 0.12.2
                   Dress hire & repair of clothing0.0093 108.7 1.84.3
03.2 Footwear0.8313 77.8 -3.5-0.6
   03.2.1 Shoes & other footwear0.8260 77.6 -3.6-0.6
   03.2.2 Repair & hire of footwear0.0053 104.8 0.33.5
Total4.7141 81.8 -8.0-3.7
Table 7 COICOP Division 04 Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
04.1/04.2 Actual rentals for housing & mortgage interest10.4058 120.0 0.46.8
   04.1.1 Actual rentals paid by tenants (Rents)7.6419 124.3 0.37.8
                   Private Rents6.6074 124.5 0.48.4
                   Local Authority Rents1.0344 123.1 0.03.6
   04.2.1 Mortgage Interest 2.7639 109.8 0.53.9
04.3 Maintenance & repair of the dwelling1.0089 116.3 -0.36.7
   04.3.1 Materials for the maintenance & repair of the dwelling0.4177 116.3 -0.712.4
   04.3.2 Services for the maintenance & repair of the dwelling0.5912 115.9 0.03.1
04.4 Water supply & miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling 0.3088 105.8 0.01.5
04.5 Electricity, gas & other fuels4.6708 135.4 1.027.4
   04.5.1 Electricity2.3866 142.4 0.022.4
   04.5.2 Gas0.8891 134.7 0.127.7
                   Natural gas0.8291 136.1 0.029.4
                   Bottled gas0.0600 114.0 1.54.9
   04.5.3 Liquid fuels (Home Heating Oil)1.0594 131.8 4.450.1
   04.5.4 Solid fuels0.3357 114.9 0.88.3
Total16.3943 123.5 0.512.0
Table 8 COICOP Division 05 Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
05.1 Furniture & furnishings, carpets & other floor coverings1.5040 84.5 -3.64.7
   05.1.1 Furniture & furnishings1.4132 84.0 -3.84.7
   05.1.2 Carpets & other floor coverings0.0908 97.6 -2.22.0
05.2 Household textiles0.4901 63.2 -4.0-6.0
05.3 Household appliances0.6033 97.2 0.26.6
   05.3.1 Major household appliances whether electric or not0.4627 101.3 0.28.6
   05.3.2 Small electric household appliances0.1047 78.3 0.00.1
   05.3.3 Repair of household appliances0.0359 102.2 0.00.0
05.4 Glassware, tableware & household utensils0.2421 78.9 -1.5-0.3
05.5 Tools & equipment for house & garden0.2796 91.8 0.23.4
   05.5.1 Major tools & equipment0.0993 87.5 -0.80.1
   05.5.2 Small tools & miscellaneous accessories0.1804 94.4 0.95.1
05.6 Goods & services for routine household maintenance2.0223 96.8 0.82.0
   05.6.1 Non-durable household goods1.0406 75.5 1.83.1
   05.6.2 Domestic services & household services0.9817 118.2 0.00.9
Total5.1415 88.5 -1.12.3
Table 9 COICOP Division 06 Health - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
06.1 Medical products, appliances & equipment1.0138 95.9 -0.10.5
   06.1.1 Pharmaceutical products0.8328 94.2 -0.60.1
                   Prescribed drugs0.5220 89.7 0.00.4
                   Other medicines0.3109 101.7 -1.8-0.8
   06.1.2 Other medical products0.0221 99.7 0.00.9
   06.1.3 Therapeutic appliances & equipment0.1589 104.4 2.42.9
06.2 Out-patient services1.9671 113.1 0.11.5
   06.2.1/3 Medical & paramedical services1.3081 112.6 0.11.1
                   Doctors' fees1.1320 112.4 0.11.0
                   Other medical & paramedical services0.1761 114.0 0.42.1
   06.2.2 Dental services0.6590 114.1 0.02.4
06.3 Hospital services0.2282 107.2 0.4-0.1
Total3.2091 107.0 0.01.1
Table 10 COICOP Division 07 Transport - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
07.1 Purchase of vehicles5.4564 113.4 0.210.7
   07.1.1 Motor cars5.3498 113.7 0.310.9
   07.1.2 Motor cycles0.0206 105.5 0.51.5
   07.1.3 Bicycles0.0859 101.7 0.67.2
07.2 Operation of personal transport equipment6.5099 122.5 -0.520.2
   07.2.1 Spare parts & accessories for personal transport equipment0.4102 109.7 0.04.3
   07.2.2 Fuels & lubricants for personal transport equipment3.7146 130.5 0.330.8
                   Petrol1.9015 129.5 0.729.5
                   Diesel1.8078 131.5 -0.232.0
                   Motor oil0.0053 110.9 -0.57.3
   07.2.3 Maintenance & repair of personal transport equipment0.7176 107.1 0.02.7
   07.2.4 Other services in respect of personal transport equipment1.6675 115.4 -2.610.9
                   Motor tax0.7090 100.3 0.00.0
                   Other vehicle costs0.9585 126.7 -4.618.4
07.3 Transport services2.0022 88.6 -25.010.5
   07.3.1 Passenger transport by railway0.1850 103.6 0.00.0
   07.3.2 Passenger transport by road0.6375 103.0 0.0-0.3
                   Bus fares0.4527 102.7 0.0-0.4
                   Taxi fares0.1848 103.7 0.00.0
   07.3.3 Passenger transport by air1.1168 76.8 -44.926.7
   07.3.4 Passenger transport by sea & inland waterway0.0138 131.1 8.516.3
   07.3.5 Combined passenger transport0.0195 99.7 0.00.0
   07.3.6 Other purchased transport services0.0296 118.4 0.03.8
Total13.9684 113.5 -3.714.1
Table 11 COICOP Division 08 Communications - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
08.1 Postal services0.1440 132.1 0.05.8
08.2/3.0 Telephone & telefax equipment and telephone & telefax services3.1064 89.0 0.02.3
Total3.2504 90.7 0.02.5
Table 12 COICOP Division 09 Recreation and Culture - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
09.1 Audio-visual, photographic & information processing equipment0.1844 67.4 -0.1-2.6
   09.1.1 Equipment for the reception, recording & reproduction of sound & pictures 0.0616 62.7 1.32.6
   09.1.2 Photographic & cinematographic equipment & optical instruments0.0133 77.7 2.62.1
   09.1.3 Information processing equipment0.0725 46.9 -1.3-3.7
   09.1.4 Recording media0.0336 99.0 -1.3-12.1
   09.1.5 Repair of audio-visual, photographic & information processing equipment0.0034 98.7 0.00.4
09.2 Other major durables for recreation & culture0.0224 99.9 0.34.9
09.3 Other recreational items & equipment, gardens & pets1.3922 84.7 0.01.4
   09.3.1 Games, toys & hobbies0.4109 72.8 -2.2-3.3
   09.3.2 Equipment for sport, camping & open-air recreation0.1652 72.2 0.0-0.1
   09.3.3 Gardens, plants & flowers0.3637 85.9 0.43.1
   09.3.4/5 Pets & related products including veterinary & other services for pets0.4524 103.8 1.94.8
09.4 Recreational & cultural services3.8868 108.7 0.92.3
   09.4.1 Recreational & sporting services2.0537 116.1 0.02.2
                   Sports admittance0.1348 116.8 0.00.5
                   Sports participation1.0708 119.6 0.01.8
                   Club & society subscriptions0.8267 111.2 0.02.9
   09.4.2 Cultural services1.8331 103.5 2.12.3
                   Cinema0.1029 101.2 -0.8-3.3
                   Nightclubs10.0018 95.2 0.0-8.6
                   Cultural admittance0.1538 105.0 4.36.5
                   Television services1.5092 102.7 2.12.2
                   Other entertainment0.0654 111.7 0.11.5
09.5 Newspapers, books & stationery0.9662 110.0 0.45.1
   09.5.1 Books0.2119 107.2 -1.82.5
   09.5.2 Newspapers & periodicals0.3918 126.0 2.28.5
   09.5.3/4 Miscellaneous printed matter and stationery & drawing materials0.3625 94.0 -0.32.7
09.6 Package holidays10.9040 117.2 0.36.0
Total7.3560 103.3 0.62.6
1Imputation methods used for over 50% as consumption had ceased in January or it was not possible to collect reliable price information.
For more detail see link to information note above.
Table 13 COICOP Division 10 Education - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
10.1 Pre-primary & primary education0.1065 102.4 0.00.7
10.2 Secondary education0.2346 109.2 0.02.8
10.4 Tertiary education1.2463 108.5 0.1-0.5
10.5 Education not definable by level0.1478 105.2 0.02.0
Total1.7351 107.9 0.10.2
Table 14 COICOP Division 11 Restaurants and Hotels - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
11.1 Catering services13.4179 112.8 0.41.3
   11.1.1 Restaurants, cafes & the like13.0836 113.0 0.41.2
                  Licenced premises6.4878 110.6 0.51.5
                      Spirits0.4051 113.1 0.72.6
                      Wine1.6812 109.5 1.21.9
                      Beer3.6501 110.7 0.11.4
                      Soft drinks & mineral water0.7514 111.3 0.90.9
                  Restaurants, cafes, fast food & take-away food6.5958 115.7 0.30.9
   11.1.2 Canteens10.3343 108.1 0.41.2
11.2 Accommodation services1.7323 115.4 -4.712.8
Total15.1503 112.8 -0.22.3
1Imputation methods used for over 50% as consumption had ceased in January or it was not possible to collect reliable
 price information. For more detail see link to information note above.
Table 15 COICOP Division 12 Miscellaneous Goods and Services - January 2022
DescriptionWeights Index Percentage changes
2022 Dec. 2016=100 1 month12 months
12.1 Personal care3.4193 95.5 -1.30.0
   12.1.1 Hairdressing salons & personal grooming establishments1.1143 117.1 0.12.4
                     Hairdressing0.8347 121.7 0.23.1
                     Health & beauty treatments0.2796 104.4 0.00.7
   12.1.2 Electric appliances for personal care0.0391 84.5 10.68.2
   12.1.3 Other appliances, articles & products for personal care2.2659 84.7 -2.3-1.4
                     Hygiene products0.5738 90.9 -1.36.3
                     Hair products0.2753 88.4 -0.26.8
                     Cosmetics & skincare products0.8823 79.7 -3.5-11.3
                     Toilet accessories0.5345 84.5 -2.64.1
12.3 Personal effects n.e.c.0.7610 63.5 -4.5-11.8
   12.3.1 Jewellery, clocks & watches0.4217 69.6 -3.3-15.9
   12.3.2 Other personal effects0.3394 58.0 -5.8-5.7
12.4 Social protection1.1575 108.9 0.31.2
                     Childcare1.0177 108.3 0.20.9
                     Other social protection0.1398 112.8 0.52.4
12.5 Insurance4.9754 98.7 -0.2-0.4
   12.5.2 Insurance connected with the dwelling0.2680 105.0 1.5-2.8
   12.5.3 Insurance connected with health3.5207 111.9 0.02.8
   12.5.4 Insurance connected with transport1.1867 67.2 -1.3-8.6
                  Motor insurance1.1523 66.0 -1.5-9.3
                     Motor cycle insurance0.0076 77.9 0.0-0.3
                     Motor car insurance1.1447 65.9 -1.5-9.5
                  Travel insurance0.0344 114.8 0.015.8
12.6 Financial services n.e.c.0.4577 100.3 0.10.5
12.7 Other services n.e.c.1.2586 106.0 -0.90.1
Total12.0295 97.0 -0.9-0.8
Table 16 Consumer Price Index Goods and Services by COICOP Division - January 2022
COICOP DivisionWeights 2022 Index       Percentage changes
    Dec. 2016=100    
          
OverallGoodsServices GoodsServices GoodsServicesOverall
       12 months12 months12 months
01Food and Non Alcoholic Beverages11.41711.417- 96.1- 2.1-2.1
02Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco5.6345.634- 120.9- 8.4-8.4
03Clothing and Footwear4.7144.6180.097 81.4107.5 -3.82.4-3.7
04Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels 16.3941.87314.522 125.0123.8 29.810.212.0
05Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance5.1424.1121.030 81.1117.6 2.90.92.3
06Health3.2091.0142.195 95.9112.5 0.51.41.1
07Transport13.9689.5814.387 120.499.2 17.86.014.1
08Communications3.2500.2962.955 42.6101.3 -7.23.52.5
09Recreation and Culture7.3562.4174.939 89.6110.5 2.32.92.6
10Education1.735-1.735 -107.9 -0.20.2
11Restaurants and Hotels15.150-15.150 -112.8 -2.32.3
12Miscellaneous Goods & Services12.0303.0668.964 78.7103.1 -4.00.3-0.8
ALL ITEMS100.00044.02755.973 99.1112.1 5.94.25.0
Table 17 Contributions to the change in the All Items CPI - January 2022
COICOP DivisionPercentage contributions
1 month 3 months 12 months
01Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages0.00 0.08 0.31
02Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco0.56 0.39 0.50
03Clothing and Footwear-0.37 -0.28 -0.20
04Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels0.09 0.37 1.95
05Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance-0.06 0.04 0.14
06Health0.00 0.01 0.04
07Transport-0.52 0.06 1.80
08Communications0.00 0.03 0.09
09Recreation and Culture0.04 0.06 0.18
10Education0.00 0.00 0.00
11Restaurants and Hotels-0.03 -0.02 0.29
12Miscellaneous Goods and Services-0.10 -0.07 -0.10
 All Items % change-0.4 0.7 5.0 
 Goods0.11 0.44 2.72
 Services-0.51 0.24 2.26
 Energy Products0.06 0.33 2.19
 Tobacco0.00 0.06 0.19
 Mortgage Interest0.01 0.03 0.11
Notes: For the percentage contributions, the sum of the 2-digit COICOP divisions may not equal the All Items %
           change due to rounding differences.
Table 18 EU Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) - Ireland
Period HICP 2015=100 Percentage changes
 Monthly indexMoving 12-month average index 1 month12 monthsMoving 12-month average
2019January100.0100.8 -0.70.80.8
 February100.8100.9 0.80.70.8
 March101.6101.0 0.81.10.8
 April102.0101.1 0.41.71.0
 May101.9101.2 -0.11.01.0
 June102.1101.3 0.21.11.0
 July101.9101.3 -0.20.51.0
 August102.3101.4 0.40.60.9
 September102.0101.4 -0.30.60.9
 October101.8101.5 -0.20.60.9
 November101.6101.6 -0.20.80.9
 December101.8101.7 0.21.10.9
        
2020January101.1101.7 -0.71.10.9
 February101.7101.8 0.60.90.9
 March102.1101.9 0.40.50.9
 April101.7101.8 -0.4-0.30.7
 May101.1101.8 -0.6-0.80.6
 June101.5101.7 0.4-0.60.4
 July101.3101.7 -0.2-0.60.3
 August101.2101.6 -0.1-1.10.2
 September100.8101.5 -0.4-1.20.0
 October100.3101.4 -0.5-1.5-0.1
 November100.6101.3 0.3-1.0-0.3
 December100.8101.2 0.2-1.0-0.5
        
2021January101.0101.2 0.2-0.1-0.6
 February101.3101.1 0.3-0.4-0.7
 March102.2101.2 0.90.1-0.7
 April102.8101.2 0.61.1-0.6
 May103.0101.4 0.21.9-0.4
 June103.1101.5 0.11.6-0.2
 July103.5101.7 0.42.20.0
 August104.2102.0 0.73.00.4
 September104.6102.3 0.43.80.8
 October105.4102.7 0.85.11.3
 November106.0103.2 0.65.41.9
 December106.5103.6 0.55.72.4
        
2022January106.1104.1 -0.45.02.8
Table 19 EU Harmonised Consumer Price COICOP Division Indices - January 2022 Ireland
COICOP DivisionHICP Percentage changes Percentage contributions
Year 2015=100 1 month 12 months 1 month 12 months
01Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages93.3 0.0 2.2 0.00 0.33
02Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco121.9 9.9 8.5 0.60 0.54
03Clothing and Footwear79.9 -7.9 -3.6 -0.40 -0.22
04Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels130.3 0.5 14.1 0.08 1.91
05Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance84.1 -1.1 2.3 -0.06 0.14
06Health108.0 0.1 0.5 0.01 0.03
07Transport109.6 -3.9 14.4 -0.54 1.85
08Communications88.6 0.0 2.4 0.00 0.10
09Recreation and Culture100.7 0.6 2.5 0.05 0.19
10Education112.9 0.1 0.3 0.00 0.00
11Restaurants and Hotels114.8 -0.2 2.3 -0.03 0.31
12Miscellaneous Goods and Services94.3 -1.2 -0.9 -0.09 -0.08
All Items HICP106.1 -0.4 5.0 -0.4 5.0 
Notes: For the percentage contributions, the sum of the 2-digit COICOP divisions may not equal the All Items HICP due to rounding differences.

Background Notes

Consumer Price Index

Definition

The Consumer Price Index is designed to measure the change in the average level of prices (inclusive of all indirect taxes) paid for consumer goods and services by all private and institutional households in the country and by foreign tourists holidaying in Ireland.

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Approximately 51,000 prices are collected for a representative basket consisting of 615 item headings in a fixed panel of retail and service outlets throughout the country during the week containing the second Tuesday of each month up to and including the third Tuesday of each month.

Scope of the Index

  1. Population Coverage: All private and institutional households in the State and the expenditure of foreign tourists within Ireland.  It does not include the expenditure of other non-private households.    Expenditure which occurs abroad by Irish residents is also excluded.  In statistical terms coverage is referred to as the domestic concept.
  2. Geographic Coverage: Covers the whole of the Republic of Ireland.  Pricing takes place in 84 locations (cities and towns) throughout the country.  These sampling points are located in Dublin city and county, the four regional cities of Cork, Limerick, Galway and Waterford, approx. 80% of towns with a population of 10,000 and over, approx. 70% of towns between 5,000 and 9,999 and a smaller proportion below this threshold.  The results are weighted to represent the distribution of the population and its related consumer expenditure.
  3. Item Coverage: All goods and services bought by the reference population for the purposes of consumption are included in the index.  Expenditure on capital assets and investments, gambling and certain other activities are however excluded.  There are 615 item headings and 12 division headings based on the COICOP classification.  With each rebase the coverage of goods and services is reviewed to ensure that it continues to be representative of consumer tastes and purchasing practices.

Price Collection   

Personal visits are made to retail outlets by some 80 price collectors on a monthly basis.  Approximately 48,000 price quotations are gathered in this way.  In addition, 137 special inquiries covering items such as utility charges and services are conducted by post, telephone and e-mail in conjunction with internet price collection.  Most prices are collected monthly, some quarterly and others annually.  The CSO supplies general specifications to price collectors and price collectors are free initially to select a brand and in certain cases, size.  This allows for a wide variety of different brands of the same item to be priced throughout the country.  Once selected, the same item/brand is priced on a monthly basis in order to ensure matched price quotations.  If an item disappears, substitution can occur but that price is excluded until matched prices are available for the same comparable item for two consecutive months.  The CSO wishes to put on record its appreciation of the co-operation and assistance it receives from retail outlets and other business concerns.

Classification

The classification used in the CPI is based on a version of the Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose Adapted to the Needs of Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (2000) (COICOP).  This replaced the former national classification which was used up to December 2001.  The COICOP classification breaks consumer expenditure into twelve different divisions covering a comprehensive range of consumer goods and services.

Annual Update of CPI Weights

Since 2012 the weights of the items in the basket have been updated annually at CPI COICOP class (4-digit) level using information on consumer expenditure from National Accounts Household Final Monetary Consumption Expenditure (HFMCE). Additionally at the 2016 rebase, a more granular level update of the weights (5-digit) was possible using information from the latest Household Budget Survey (HBS) which was carried out between February 2015 and February 2016.

CPI Item Weights

The CPI measures in index form the monthly changes in the cost of purchasing a fixed representative ‘basket’ of consumer goods and services (i.e. Laspeyres formula).  Identical items are priced in the same outlet on each occasion so that changes in the cost of this constant basket reflect only pure price changes. The current basket of goods and services consists of 615 representative items which were predominantly selected as part of the December 2016 rebase.  The representative share of each item in the basket is proportional to the average amount purchased by all households in the State and foreign tourists in Ireland based primarily on the 2015/2016 Household Budget Survey (HBS) and estimates of expenditure by foreign tourists across a range of consumer goods and services.  

Methodological Details

A full methodological description of the new series is available in the CPI - Introduction of Updated Series (Base December 2016=100) (PDF 1,524KB) which is published on the CSO website. 

Rebase

The index has been rebased with effect from December 2016.

The rebase of the current CPI resulted in a number of methodological changes:

  • Updating the expenditure weights;
  • A revision of the sample of goods and services;
  • Improved methods of price collection

Goods and Services

Goods

Goods are defined as non service items usually purchased and transportable from a retail outlet.

Services

Services include the following: rents, mortgage interest, services for the maintenance & repair of the dwelling, water supply & miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling, electricity, gas, repair of household appliances, tool hire, domestic services & household services, out-patient services, hospital services, maintenance/repair and other services in respect of personal transport equipment, transport services, postal services, telephone services, repair of audio-visual, photographic & information processing equipment, veterinary & other services for pets, recreational & cultural services, package holidays, education, catering services, accommodation services, hairdressing salons & personal grooming establishments, social protection, insurance, financial services n.e.c. and other services n.e.c.

Utilities and Local Charges

Includes electricity, natural gas, refuse collection, sewage collection, water supply and telephone services – landline.

Mortgage Interest and the Local Property Tax in the CPI

Mortgage interest was first included in the CPI at the November 1975 rebase. The use of mortgage interest in the CPI reflects a user-cost approach to measuring owner-occupied housing.  This approach has involved measuring changes in average mortgage interest costs over time.  The household charge was introduced to the CPI in April 2012 and subsequently became the local property tax in July 2013. The local property tax is included in the basket under the item 'miscellaneous goods and services', which is part of COICOP 12.7.0.  The inclusion of the local property tax is consistent with the user-cost approach utilised for owner-occupied housing.  In the interest of transparency, an index excluding both mortgage interest and the local property tax is provided in Table 2 of the release to allow for their impact in the CPI to be seen.

Mortgage interest and the local property tax are excluded from the HICP.   

Water supply and sewage collection charges

Water supply and sewage collection charges were introduced in Ireland on 1 January 2015.  The coverage of the CPI/HICP is defined as those goods and services purchased by households for the purposes of consumption.  This definition required the incorporation of the new charges into the CPI/HICP.  Water supply and sewage collection charges are a component of group 04.4 Water supply & miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling of the COICOP consumption classification.  Water supply and sewage collection charges were suspended from 1st July 2016. 

For a full discussion on the rationale and methodology for introducing water supply and sewage collection charges into the CPI/HICP, see the relevant CPI Technical Paper Introduction of Water Supply and Sewage Collection (PDF 593KB) .

Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices

Introduction

The European Union-Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (EU-HICP) is calculated in each Member State of the EU.  The purpose of this index is to allow the comparison of consumer price trends in the different Member States.

Comparison with CPI

The methodology now adopted for the construction of the national CPI is identical to that recommended for the HICP.  Thus the two indices only differ in respect of the coverage of certain goods and services and the treatment of insurance.  The current EU reference base period (Year 2015=100) is however retained for ease of comparison with other EU countries.

Excluded Items

The following items, constituting approximately 6.2% of the Irish CPI expenditure weighting (at rebase 2016), are excluded from the HICP:

  • mortgage interest
  • building materials
  • motor car tax
  • motor cycle tax
  • motor car insurance (non-service)
  • contents insurance (non-service)
  • dwelling insurance
  • union subscriptions
  • local property tax 

Annual Update of HICP Weights

Since 2012 the weights of the items in the basket have been updated annually at HICP COICOP class (4-digit) level using information on consumer expenditure from National Accounts Household Final Monetary Consumption Expenditure (HFMCE). Additionally at the 2016 rebase, a more granular level update of the weights (5-digit) was possible using information from the latest Household Budget Survey (HBS) which was carried out between February 2015 and February 2016.

Monetary Union Index of Consumer Prices (MUICP)

Euro area inflation is measured by the MUICP (‘Monetary Union Index of Consumer Prices’ as defined in Council Regulation (EC) No 2494/95 of 23 October 1995) which is the official euro area aggregate.  The MUICP is calculated as a weighted average of HICPs of the 18 countries in the euro area.  Country weights are computed every year reflecting the country’s share of the household final monetary consumption expenditure in the euro area total.

Classification System

The coverage of the indices is based on the international classification system, Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose Adapted to the Needs of Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (2000) (COICOP).

COICOP

Prior to the introduction of the December 2001 based series in January 2002 the CPI used a national classification while the EU Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) used COICOP.  To ensure greater comparability CPI and the HICP have both used the COICOP since December 2001.

The COICOP classification is based on 12 divisions:

01    Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages

Includes food and non-alcoholic beverages purchased in supermarkets, small shops, speciality shops and petrol station forecourt outlets.  It excludes meals out which are covered under 11 Restaurants and Hotels.

02    Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco

Includes alcoholic beverages purchased in off licences and supermarkets but excludes alcohol consumed on or within licensed premises which is classified under 11 Restaurants and Hotels.  It also includes tobacco products.

03    Clothing and Footwear

Men's, ladies and children's clothing and footwear, sports and leisurewear and services such as laundry and dry cleaning, shoe repair, dress hire and alteration.

04    Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels

Covers rents, mortgage interest repayments, refuse collection, goods and services for maintaining, decorating and repairing dwellings and domestic energy products such as electricity, gas, home heating oil and solid fuels.  Water supply and sewage collection were added to this division under the item 'water supply and miscellaneous services relating to the dwelling' in January 2015.

05    Furnishings, Household Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance

Covers household items such as furniture, carpets and other floor coverings, household textiles and soft furnishings, household appliances and other household items such as utensils, tools, garden equipment and non-durable items for cleaning, washing and other day to day household activity.  Also included are services such as electrical repair, cleaning and gardening.

06    Health

Includes medical products, appliances and equipment, hospital charges and outpatient services supplied by doctors, dentists, opticians, physiotherapists and practitioners of alternative and complementary medicine.

07    Transport

Includes the purchase of new and second hand vehicles, spare parts, car maintenance, fuels and lubricants, public transport and services such as parking, motor association subscriptions, car wash, toll charges, driving lessons, driving test, driving licence and car hire.

08    Communications

Postal and telecommunications services.

09    Recreation and Culture

Includes items such as audio visual and photographic equipment, computers, music and DVDs, sports and recreation goods, games and toys, items connected with gardening and pets, recreational, sporting and cultural activities and events, newspapers and other reading material, package holidays and other items connected with recreation and culture.

10    Education

Includes pre-primary and primary, secondary, third level fees and other education and training such as night courses and examination fees.

11    Restaurants and Hotels

Includes meals in restaurants and hotels, fast food and takeaways, cafes and canteens; alcohol consumed on or within licensed premises and accommodation services supplied by hotels, guesthouses and hostels.

12    Miscellaneous Goods and Services

Covers a wide range of items including hairdressing; goods for hygiene, hair and body care; personal goods such as jewellery, handbags and wallets; childcare and other social protection services; insurance, financial services and other services including funerals, weddings, legal and professional services.  The household charge was added to this division, in the CPI, under the item 'miscellaneous goods and services' in April 2012.  The household charge subsequently became the local property tax in July 2013. The local property tax is not included in the HICP.

HICP Flash Estimates

Under Regulation (EU) 2016/792, Ireland is obliged to send flash estimates to Eurostat as part of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP). The flash estimates are compiled for the HICP All Items index and for the full COICOP sub-index breakdown of the HICP.

Eurostat publish the flash estimate, usually on the last working day of the reference month, which is about two weeks in advance of the final HICP. Their news release contains the EuroArea aggregate for the All Items HICP and nine major sub-indices. Since September 2019, Eurostat’s news release has also included a country table of annual and monthly changes in the HICP All Items flash estimate.

In line with Euro area countries, from November 2019, the CSO has agreed to allow publication of the annual and monthly changes in the HICP All Items flash estimate on the Eurostat website going forward. The HICP flash estimate will not appear on the CSO website.

Flash Estimate vs. Final HICP

The track record of the flash estimate as a predictor of the final HICP figure for Ireland has been good in years leading up to Eurostat publication. In recent years, inflation levels have been low and the published index and the monthly percentage change have been within zero or one percentage point of the flash estimate on most occasions – i.e. the final HICP has only minimally revised the flash estimate.

However, it should be noted that this is only a flash estimate and should be treated accordingly. The full quality control has not been completed to the same extent as the final HICP and in some instances missing prices have been imputed where price collection has not yet been completed in time for the flash estimate deadline.

In a period of higher inflation, the final HICP figure may diverge further from the earlier flash estimate.

Calculating percentage changes in the index

The movement of the CPI, HICP and their subindices are expressed as percentage changes, rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, whereas percentage changes are not.  The example below illustrates the computation of index point and percentage changes. 

Index point change  
Current index 106.7
Less previous index 103.7
Equals index point change 3.0
   
Percentage change  
Index point change 3.0
Divided by the previous index 103.7
Equals 0.0289
Result multiplied by 100 0.0289 x 100
Equals percentage change 2.9

Estimating Contributions

A contribution represents the amount of the overall percentage change in the All Items CPI which is accounted for by any given category.  It can be estimated for any category in the CPI (e.g. the twelve COICOP 2-digit divisions) and for any period of time.

Data Required:

  1. Base weight for the category for which you wish to estimate the contribution.
  2. Current index for the category in question (same base period).
  3. Previous index for the category in question (same base period).
  4. All Items CPI for the previous period in question (i.e. the start period).

Example:

To estimate the contribution of Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (COICOP 01) to the overall annual percentage change in the CPI up to July 2006 you would need the following data

1 Base weight for COICOP 01 (base:December 2001=100) 14.092%
2 Current Index (i.e. July 2006) for COICOP 01 103.7
3 Previous Index (i.e. July 2005) for COICOP 01 102.1
4 All Items CPI for the previous period (i.e. July 2005) 111.3

Steps in the calculation

Step 1 Multiply the base weight by the current index 14.092 x 103.7
  Equals (1) 1461.3404
Step 2 Multiply the base weight by the previous index 14.092 x 102.1
  Equals (2)  1438.7932
Step 3 Subtract figure (2) from figure (1) 1461.3404 - 1438.7932
  Equals (3) 22.5472
Step 4 Divide figure (3) by the All Items CPI for the previous period 22.5472 / 111.3
  Equals Contribution 0.20

 Therefore your estimated contribution of Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages to the percentage change in the CPI for the year to July 2006 is 0.20.  The actual published figure was 0.19.  The difference is due to the fact that actual published contributions are calculated using data to more decimal places.

It is more complicated to estimate contributions where more than one base period is involved, as the base weights will have changed (e.g. to estimate a contribution for the period January 2000 to January 2005 involves the November 1996=100 base and the December 2001=100 base).  For assistance in this regard please contact the CPI section.

Data Dissemination on www.cso.ie

The CSO website (www.cso.ie) now holds a range of CPI data.  Within the Consumer Prices section of the website (accessed via the ‘Prices’ link on the homepage), a range of principle statistics are held including overall annual percentage changes from 1977 to date, All Items CPI annual figures from 1996 to date and COICOP division monthly and annual figures from 2002 to date.

Further data can be accessed at www.cso.ie by clicking on ‘Databases’ and ‘PxStat CSO Main Data Dissemination Service’.  The subject area is ‘Economy’, ‘Prices’, ‘Consumer Prices’ and ‘Consumer Prices - Annual Series’ or ‘Consumer Prices - Monthly Series’.  The website is updated each month at 11am on the CPI publication day.

The Database Direct for the CPI contains monthly and annual index numbers and percentage changes for the following categories and time periods:

Category  Period
All Items CPI  1975 to date
12 COICOP Divisions  1975 to date

Special CPI Subindices (CPI excluding Tobacco, Energy Products, etc.)

1982 to date
Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) 1997 to date

In addition, the following data can also be accessed within Database Direct.

  • National average prices for selected CPI goods and services from January 1997 to date.
  • All Items CPI numbers for various base periods from 1922 to date.
  • Detailed sub-indices are available from 2003 to date. 

Any queries relating to the usage of the web dissemination database for CPI data should be directed to cpi@cso.ie

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