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CSO statistical release, , 11am

Crops and Livestock Survey June Final Results

June 2013

   Total Cereals  Cattle   Sheep
     '000 hectares  
     '000      '000
June 2012315.46,754.15,170.0
June 2013307.86,902.65,110.6
% change-2.4+2.2-1.1

Area under cereals down 2.4% in June 2013

Figure 1 CLSJF2013 - Percentage change in selected items June 2012/2013
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The final results for June 2013 show that the area under cereals decreased by 7,600 hectares (-2.4%) to 307,800 ha. The area under winter cereals (wheat, oats and barley) decreased by 48,700 ha (-36.0%), including a drop of 39,200 ha (-46.3%) in winter wheat. The area under spring cereals showed an increase of 40,900 ha (+22.9%) in the same period, with an increase of 31,700 ha (+20.9%) in spring barley. See Table 1.

The results also indicate that the total number of cattle was 6,902,600, an increase of 148,500 (+2.2%) on June 2012. This was mainly due to increases of 102,500 (+13.3%) in male cattle 1 to 2 years, 27,600 (+7.6%) in male cattle 2 years and over and an increase of 48,500 (+5.4%) in female cattle 1 to 2 years. The number of dairy cows also increased by 22,400 (+2.0%). See Table 2.

A comparison with the June 2012 results indicates that:

  • Sheep numbers were down by 59,400 (-1.1%) to 5,110,600. There were decreases of 21,900 (-3.9%) in the number of ewes under 2 years and 41,100 (-1.6%) in non-breeding sheep. See Table 2.
  • Pig numbers dropped by 18,600 (-1.2%) to 1,552,000. The number of breeding pigs was up by 1.2%, while non-breeding pig numbers were down by 1.4%. See Table 2.
  • The area under potatoes increased by 19.4% to 10,700 ha. See Table 1.

A regional analysis of the livestock numbers indicates that the largest number of cattle (1,376,800) was in the South-West region, the largest number of sheep (1,355,800) was in the West region and the largest number of pigs (417,100) was in the Border region. See Tables 4 and 5.

X-axis labelSheepCattle
Mid-East & Dublin798.8580.5
X-axis labelSelected crops
Winter wheat-39.2
Spring wheat1.7
Winter oats-4.5
Spring oats7.5
Winter barley-5
Spring barley31.7
Table 1 Area under Crops and Pasture
DescriptionJune 2011June 2012June 2013   Change 2012 - 2013
' 000 hectares' 000 hectares%
Wheat - total94.298.060.6-37.4-38.2
   Winter wheat77.784.645.4-39.2-46.3
   Spring wheat16.413.515.21.712.9
Oats - total21.423.726.73.012.6
   Winter oats9.09.95.4-4.5-45.7
   Spring oats12.413.821.37.554.2
Barley - total180.6192.8219.426.713.8
   Winter barley35.941.036.0-5.0-12.3
   Spring barley144.8151.8183.531.720.9
Other cereals1.
Total cereals297.4315.4307.8-7.6-2.4
Beans and peas2.
Oilseed rape12.417.513.7-3.8-21.7
Arable silage2.
Maize silage19.013.714.50.85.8
Fodder rape and kale1.31.71.4-0.2-14.9
Beet 18.27.810.12.329.4
Vegetables for sale3.83.63.5-0.1-3.4
Nurseries, horticulture etc.
Other crops
Total crops, fruit and horticulture365.4382.1377.2-4.9-1.3
Crops and Pasture4,108.24,051.54,004.3-47.2-1.2
Rough grazing in use447.3481.2473.5-7.7-1.6
Area farmed4,555.54,532.74,477.8-54.9-1.2
1 Includes sugar beet and fodder beet.
2 Includes fallow land, miscanthus,other energy crops and kitchen gardens.
Table 2 Number of Livestock
DescriptionJune 2011June 2012June 2013   Change 2012 - 2013
' 000 ' 000 %
Total cattle6,493.06,754.16,902.6148.52.2
      Dairy cows 11,116.91,140.81,
      Other cows1,123.31,148.61,
      Bulls 241.836.141.45.414.9
      Cattle male: 2 years and over425.5360.6388.227.67.6
      Cattle female: 2 years and over411.9372.0380.18.12.2
      Cattle male: 1-2 years673.4770.2872.7102.513.3
      Cattle female: 1-2 years854.7889.8938.348.55.4
      Cattle male: under 1 year891.91,023.2959.2-63.9-6.2
      Cattle female: under 1 year953.61,012.81,009.3-3.6-0.4
   Total cattle male2,032.72,190.12,261.571.43.3
   Total cattle female 4,460.34,564.14,641.177.11.7
Total sheep4,830.05,170.05,110.6-59.4-1.1
   Breeding sheep2,508.92,667.02,648.6-18.4-0.7
      Ewes: 2 years and over1,939.12,027.92,
      Ewes: under 2 years496.1561.4539.5-21.9-3.9
   Other sheep2,321.02,503.02,462.0-41.1-1.6
Total pigs1,549.01,570.61,552.0-18.6-1.2
   Breeding pigs156.2145.7147.51.81.2
      Female breeding pigs154.9144.6146.51.91.3
   Other pigs1,392.81,425.01,404.6-20.4-1.4
      20kg and over972.0980.7955.8-24.9-2.5
      Less than 20kg420.8444.3448.84.51.0
Horses and ponies106.0111.1101.6-9.5-8.6
Mules, jennets and asses8.79.88.2-1.6-16.7
Farmed deer2.82.11.5-0.5-24.7
1 Dairy cows are those kept principally to produce milk for human consumption.
2 Bulls used for breeding purposes only.
Table 3 Area under Crops and Pasture in each Region, June 2013' 000 ha
RegionBorder, Midland and Western Southern and EasternState
Border MidlandWest Total Mid-East & DublinMid-WestSouth-EastSouth-WestTotal
Wheat - total5.
   Winter wheat4. 19.60.512.
   Spring wheat0.
Oats - total2.
   Winter oats0.
   Spring oats2.
Barley - total16.326.34.346.9 49.98.678.735.2172.5219.4
   Winter barley4. 8.60.910.58.528.436.0
   Spring barley11.723.44.339.4 41.37.868.226.8144.1183.5
Other cereals0.
Total cereals24.332.75.562.6 84.010.0105.645.5245.2307.8
Beans and peas0.
Oilseed rape1.
Arable silage0.
Maize silage1.
Fodder rape and kale0.
Vegetables for sale0.
Nurseries, horticulture etc.
Other crops
Crops, fruit and horticulture31.138.56.976.5 104.512.1126.257.9300.7377.2
Silage174.7114.9176.8466.3 84.8153.9168.9197.0604.71,071.0
Hay 36.923.935.896.5 23.727.041.030.1121.8218.4
Pasture408.7232.0460.31,101.0 203.5316.7326.4390.11,236.72,337.7
Crops and pasture651.4409.2679.81,740.4 416.5509.7662.5675.22,263.94,004.3
Rough grazing in use123.518.1107.5249.1 26.636.334.9126.6224.4473.5
Area farmed774.9427.4787.31,989.5 443.1546.1697.3801.82,488.34,477.8
1 Includes sugar beet and fodder beet.
2 Includes fallow land, miscanthus,other energy crops and kitchen gardens.
Table 4 Number of Cattle in each Region and County, June 2013' 000
Region and CountyTotal   DairyOther Bulls 2CattleCattleCattleCattleCattleCattle Total CattleTotal Cattle
Cattle Cows 1Cows Male 2+Female 2+Male 1-2Female 1-2Male <1Female < 1MaleFemale
  Border, Midland and Western2,623.0234.0600.517.6150.0170.9330.4361.4375.5382.7873.61,749.5
      Monaghan 209.231.435.81.49.812.929.030.727.730.567.9141.3
      Sligo 117.07.833.
      Galway 432.027.7109.
  Southern and Eastern4,279.6929.2549.823.8238.2209.2542.3576.9583.7626.61,388.02,891.6
    Mid-East and Dublin580.579.792.83.145.544.780.385.273.275.9202.1378.3
      North Tipperary311.754.538.31.522.715.947.342.246.642.7118.2193.6
      South Tipperary333.074.833.71.425.413.947.042.648.046.2121.8211.2
1 Dairy cows are those kept principally to produce milk for human consumption.
2 Bulls used for breeding purposes only.
Table 5 Number of Sheep, Pigs and Other Livestock in each Region, June 2013' 000
RegionBorder, Midland and Western Southern and EasternState
Border MidlandWest Total Mid-East & DublinMid-WestSouth-EastSouth-WestTotal
Total sheep1,097.7313.11,355.82,766.6 798.8127.1702.2715.82,344.05,110.6
  Breeding sheep579.5158.9697.41,435.7 412.268.4359.7372.61,212.92,648.6
    Ewes: 2 years and over452.3125.2529.01,106.5 313.247.2271.5290.4922.32,028.7
    Ewes: under 2 years109.628.8145.3283.7 88.118.578.271.1255.8539.5
    Rams17.64.823.145.6 10.92.710.011.134.880.4
  Other sheep518.2154.2658.41,330.9 386.658.7342.5343.31,131.12,462.0
Total pigs417.1273.243.8734.1 82.693.2312.0330.0817.91,552.0
  Breeding pigs39.624.53.867.9 9.410.
    Female breeding pigs39.424.33.767.5 9.410.227.831.879.0146.5
  Other pigs377.4248.840.1666.3 73.283.0284.1298.1738.31,404.6
    20kg and over255.7180.726.7463.0 44.257.9196.8194.0492.8955.8
    Less than 20kg121.868.113.4203.3
Horses and ponies11.79.619.640.8 15.811.620.412.960.7101.6
Mules, jennets and asses1.
Farmed deer0.

Background Notes



This release presents final estimates of land utilisation and livestock numbers in June 2013 at State and regional level. The estimates for sheep and pigs are based on returns from the 2013 June sample survey of agricultural holdings and the June 2013 Pig Survey conducted by the Central Statistics Office (CSO). The estimates for cattle and for crops are obtained from administrative data from the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM).

Coverage  Farms where the agricultural area used was at least one hectare (2.47 acres) are included in the June Agricultural Sample Survey. Farms with less than one hectare may also be included if they were engaged in intensive production. 


Crops  The results for crops are based on data obtained from the DAFM Single Payment Scheme.

Cattle  The results for cattle are obtained from DAFM’s Animal Identification and Movement (AIM) system, formerly known as the Cattle Movement Monitoring System (CMMS). This system was introduced at the beginning of 2000 and involves electronically recording data on animal movements.

Sheep  The June 2013 results for sheep are based on the trends obtained by comparing the returns from the 2013 sample with the 2012 returns for the same 5,900 farms and applying these trends to the June 2012 figures.

Pigs  A specialist pig survey was conducted by the CSO due to the intensive nature of this activity.

As the figures in the text and tables have been rounded to the nearest 100 units, there may be slight discrepancies between the sum (or difference) of the constituent items and the total shown. Percentage changes have been calculated on actual figures.


Composition of Regions

Border, Midland and Western NUTS 2 Region

Border           Cavan, Donegal, Leitrim, Louth, Monaghan and Sligo

Midland          Laois, Longford, Offaly and Westmeath

West             Galway City, Galway County, Mayo and Roscommon


Southern and Eastern NUTS 2 Region

Dublin            Dublin City, Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin

Mid-East        Kildare, Meath and Wicklow

Mid-West       Limerick City, Limerick County, Clare and North Tipperary

South-East    Waterford City, Waterford County, Carlow, Kilkenny, Wexford

                      and South Tipperary

South-West   Cork City, Cork County and Kerry

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