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CSO statistical release, , 11am

Agricultural Price Indices

January 2022

OutputInputTerms of Trade
Base year 2015=100
January 2021106.5103.4103.0
December 2021124.6123.8100.6
January 2022124.5130.795.2
Monthly % Change-0.1%5.5%-5.3%
Annual % Change16.9%26.4%-7.5%

Agricultural input price index up 26.4% in the year to January 2022

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The agricultural output price index decreased by 0.1% in January 2022 compared with December 2021. The agricultural input price index increased by 5.5% over the same period. Thus, the resulting terms of trade index was down 5.3% in this period. See Tables 1, 2 and graph.

On an annual basis, the agricultural input price index increased by 26.4% in January 2022 compared with January 2021. The agricultural output price index increased by 16.9% in January 2022 compared with January 2021. See Tables 1 and 2.

A further comparison of the January 2022 output sub-indices with the January 2021 sub-indices shows that milk and sheep increased by 29.7% and 11.7% respectively.

On the input side, the January 2022 sub-indices show that fertilisers and motor fuels were up 127.2% and 36.8% respectively on January 2021 prices.

Table 1 Agricultural Output Price Index (excluding VAT)
              Base Year 2015 = 100
CategoryIndexMonthly ChangeAnnual Change
Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21Dec-21Jan-22Jan-22 / Dec-21Jan-22 / Jan-21
Agricultural Output Price Index106.5108.5¹111.1¹113.8¹116.1116.5116.0116.5119.4119.9119.8124.6¹124.5-0.1%16.9%
  Crop Output111.3111.3111.0112.9113.9114.5112.3123.7140.6137.2135.5132.8132.1-0.5%18.7%
    Cereals (including seeds)115.3115.3115.3115.3115.3115.3115.3154.5154.5154.5154.5154.5154.50.0%34.0%
    Potatoes (including seeds)124.6124.6124.6125.9123.4127.9115.487.3185.4160.9151.0151.0153.0..22.8%
  Animal Output105.9108.1111.1113.9¹116.4116.8¹116.5115.5116.6117.7¹117.8123.5¹123.5-0.0%16.6%
            Cattle excluding calves97.896.898.7103.2105.4107.0109.2107.0107.5106.8106.2108.6108.4-0.2%10.8%
     Animal Products114.0¹121.0124.1123.6¹125.8125.6125.2¹126.2¹129.0132.6¹133.0¹143.9¹147.32.4%29.2%
.. Comparison not valid as different basket of products are included each month.
¹ Revised
Table 2 Agricultural Input Price Index (excluding VAT)
             Base Year 2015 = 100
CategoryIndexMonthly ChangeAnnual Change
Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21Dec-21Jan-22Jan-22 / Dec-21Jan-22 / Jan-21
Agricultural Input Price Index103.4104.8106.4107.7109.1110.2111.2112.0113.6117.7119.4123.8130.75.5%26.4%
    Motor Fuels93.597.4103.9104.5107.3108.9112.7112.7114.1124.9128.3125.8127.91.6%36.8%
    Straight Fertilisers74.278.284.689.594.095.197.0100.0102.7122.7127.0159.8200.825.7%170.5%
    Compound Fertilisers80.483.586.989.893.594.596.2100.0104.7120.1121.5142.7171.920.5%113.6%
        PK Fertilisers88.890.092.494.095.196.997.5104.1108.1120.5124.8137.2160.917.3%81.1%
        NPK Fertilisers80.283.486.789.693.594.596.299.9104.6120.1121.4142.8172.120.5%114.5%
    Other Fertilisers105.7105.7105.7105.7105.7105.7105.7105.7114.3114.3114.3114.3114.30.0%8.1%
Plant Protection Products104.1104.1104.4104.8105.1105.1105.3105.3105.3105.3105.3105.3105.30.0%1.1%
Veterinary Expenses110.3110.3110.3110.3110.3110.3110.3110.3110.3110.3110.3110.3113.42.8%2.8%
Feeding Stuffs112.3113.7114.1115.7117.3119.3120.2120.3122.4124.1126.1128.4132.63.3%18.2%
    Straight Feeding Stuffs120.6123.3122.1123.0124.6126.5127.0127.4129.9133.3138.2141.9145.62.6%20.7%
    Compound Feeding Stuffs111.8113.2113.7115.3116.9118.9119.8119.9122.0123.6125.5127.8132.03.3%18.0%
        Feeding Stuffs for Calves113.7114.4115.5116.3117.7117.5120.7120.8122.7124.4126.1127.2131.53.4%15.6%
        Feeding Stuffs for Cattle excl. Calves111.9113.1114.5116.2117.9118.9119.9120.0122.8124.8126.7130.0134.23.3%19.9%
        Feeding Stuffs for Pigs116.9119.8116.4118.7120.1125.6126.6126.6129.2130.5134.6136.0140.43.2%20.1%
        Feeding Stuffs for Poultry106.2106.5107.9108.9110.9113.0113.0113.1112.5112.9112.9113.2117.03.3%10.1%
        Other Compound Feeding Stuffs110.3112.0113.3114.7116.1116.9117.8117.8121.0123.3124.3127.1132.03.8%19.7%
Maintenance of Materials and Buildings105.7106.5106.6106.6106.7107.1107.1107.6107.9107.9108.7108.8108.8-0.0%2.9%
Other Goods and Services105.5105.5105.7106.2106.0106.5106.4106.2106.2106.8107.4107.6108.10.4%2.4%
¹ Revised

Background Notes


This release presents estimates of Agricultural Output and Input Price Indices. The indices monitor trends in prices paid to farmers for their produce and in prices paid by farmers for purchases of goods and services. An EU harmonised methodology is used to compile these price indices. The estimates are also sent to Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Union.


The agricultural output price indices are intended to measure trends in the price of agricultural produce sold by farmers. The agricultural input price indices are designed to measure trends in the price of farm inputs purchased for current consumption (i.e. non-capital materials and services). Both indices are compiled on the average farm concept. The average farm concept includes both sales to other economic sectors as well as sales/purchases of agricultural output between agricultural units for intermediate consumption purposes, excluding trade in animals between agricultural units. The weights used to combine the changes in prices of the individual commodities are based on the value of sales off farms and the expenditure by farmers on input purchases for the base year for the output and input indices respectively. The Laspeyres index formula, involving the use of fixed base year weights, has been used in the compilation of the monthly index numbers for all commodity groupings except vegetables, potatoes and sheep. Because of the highly seasonal nature of vegetables, potatoes and sheep, variable monthly baskets of products are priced for these commodities.

Monthly price series are used except for seasonal products where prices are only available at certain times during the year. In these cases, the monthly prices returned during the last selling period are continued unchanged until the product can be priced again. The monthly sub-indices are weighted by the base year value of sales and the expenditure on farm inputs to derive overall monthly total output and total input indices respectively. In line with EU recommendations, the annual input indices are calculated as simple arithmetic averages of the monthly indices. The annual output indices are calculated as the weighted averages of the monthly indices.

The agricultural terms of trade index is the output price index expressed as a percentage of the input price index. All percentage changes have been calculated on actual figures before the index is rounded to one decimal place.

Price Coverage

The actual prices used for the index series are based on the market price without the deduction of bonuses, taxes or levies with the exception of deductible value added tax and third party levies. Standardised prices are used for milk and cereals to ensure that products of identical quality are priced in successive periods. In the case of milk for manufacturing, this means pricing at a fixed fat and protein content.  Standardised cereal prices are based on the harvest price at 20% moisture content.

Data Sources

The indices are compiled from a wide variety of sources, including direct CSO surveys and administrative data from the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine.  The actual sources are described more fully at: Agricultural Price Indices

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