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Additional Statistical Tables

    These statistics are categorised as Under Reservation. This categorisation indicates that the quality of these statistics do not meet the standards required of official statistics published by the CSO.

    For further information please refer to the Under Reservation FAQ page.

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Table 3.1 includes a comparison of the rates of recidivism for different referral offences based on the offender’s initial offence. The percentage of individuals who re-offend is highest for those who are sentenced to custody for robbery and burglary offences with 72.3% (2012 cohort) and 68.9% (2011 cohort) of individuals who were convicted of robbery offences re-offending within three years. The corresponding figures for those convicted of burglary offences were 69.4% and 71.5% respectively.

Those sentenced for sexual offences and fraud offences were least likely to re-offend with rates of 18.9% for those convicted of a sexual offence and 21.7% convicted of a fraud offence in the 2012 cohort. The comparable figures for the 2011 cohort were 23.1% and 17.1%. However, the number of individuals who were imprisoned for sexual offences is small, so it is necessary to exercise caution when interpreting these rates.

Table 3.1 also provides an analysis of recidivism rates by gender and age. The rate of recidivism is highest in young males. Three quarters of all male offenders under the age of 21 commit an offence for which they are convicted within three years of their release from prison. The recidivism rate is lowest in females over the age of 40, with less than one quarter of the 2012 cohort going on to re-offend.

Table 3.1 Offender numbers classified by sex, age group, initial imprisonment offence and whether there was a reoffence within three years, 2011 and 2012 cohorts

Robbery, extortion and hijacking offences Burglary and related offencesTheft and related offencesFraud, deception and related offencesControlled drug offencesOffences against Government, justice procedures and organisation of crime
Initial imprisonment offence72.369.461.621.74457.8
Age groupMaleFemale
<21 years74.253.2

Table 3.2 contains data for the prison cohorts from 2008 to 2012. The data indicates that there has been a downward trend in the rate of recidivism over this five-year period, from an overall recidivism rate of 51% for the 2008 cohort of offenders to 45.8% for the 2012 cohort. The rate of recidivism is higher for males than for females, with the difference increasing over time. This male/female recidivism gap stood at 5.3 percentage points for the 2008 cohort, while for prisoners released in 2012, the gap had increased to 11.6 percentage points.

Table 3.2 Recidivism rate classified by sex, 2008 to 2012 cohorts

Age groupMaleFemale

Table 3.3 provides a breakdown of the offence committed by recidivists broken down by their referral offence for 2012. The table relates to the first offence committed by the recidivist after being released from prison. In many instances the numbers are very low. These instances are marked with an asterisk for data confidentiality purposes. The value of the asterisk is either one or zero.

Together, public order and theft offences account for over half (51.6%) of subsequent reoffences (for the 2012 cohort of offenders). The analysis indicates that, broadly speaking it is the same offence group which is the biggest single category for the first reoffence, however the majority of first reoffences are of a different type to the original offence.

In the case of those sentenced for theft offences, 202 (39.7%) individuals were subsequently convicted of another theft offence. Of those remaining, 113 (22%) were convicted of public order offences. Regarding public order offences, 48.9% (392) of individuals originally sentenced for these crimes received a subsequent conviction for the same offence type.

Table 3.3 Reoffender numbers classified by initial imprisonment offence and subsequent reoffence, 2012 cohort

Table 3.4 analyses the time period to the first re-offence for recidivists in the 2012 cohort. Two-thirds (66.8%) of offenders reoffended within 12 months of their release from prison, with 48.5% doing so within 6 months. This trend does not vary much according to gender. Younger offenders are more likely to reoffend sooner than older offenders.  Of those aged under 21, 55.2% re-offend within 6 months.  Of those aged 51 years or older, 44.7% reoffend within 6 months of their release.

Table 3.4 Offender numbers classified by sex, age group, initial imprisonment offence, whether there was a reoffence within three years and time period to first reoffence, 2012 cohort

Time to first reoffenceOffenders
< 6

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