The institutional accounts presented in this publication provide comprehensive information not only on the economic activities of households, non-financial corporations, financial corporations and the government, but also on the interactions between these sectors and the rest of the world. In addition, the accounts link financial and non-financial statistics, thereby allowing for an integrated analysis of non-financial economic activities (such as gross fixed capital formation) and financial transactions (such as the issuance of debt). The detailed analytical information on the Irish economy presented in these institutional sector accounts complements the annual National Income and Expenditure report.
Important economic indicators can be derived from institutional accounts. These include measures such as the household saving rate, the profit share of corporations and the investment rates of the households and corporate sectors.
Consistency with other CSO statistics
The institutional sector accounts draw on a wide range of sources, including many that are used in the compilation of other sets of CSO statistics. For this publication, the main relationships to other published CSO series are as follows:
• The non-financial accounts are based on, and are largely consistent with, the annual reports on National Income and Expenditure (NIE) and Balance of Payments (BoP). The sector accounts comply with the revised European System of Accounts (ESA2010) methodology in order to ensure greater international comparability.
• The financial transactions account is consistent with the balance on the financial account in the Balance of Payments.
In this year's publication, the current and capital accounts of financial corporations are divided into three subsectors. The transactions of the banking sector can be seen separately from the funds sector and the insurance/pensions sector. As last year, this 2017 publication separates out the large foreign multi-nationals from the other non-financial corporations. This allows for analysis of the rest of economy once the distorting effects of these large enterprises are removed.
Contents of the publication
The commentary part of the report refers to a number of key economic indicators for 2017 and earlier years. The inter-linkages between financial and non-financial accounts, and also between balance sheets and transactions, are emphasised in the commentary. A number of key indicators, which help to explain the more significant developments which occurred in 2017 and in previous years, are highlighted for each of the institutional sectors. The analysis has been supplemented with a number of indicators from the EU Macroeconomic Imbalances Procedure (MIP).1 The selected indicators aim to identify the emergence or existence of macroeconomic imbalances in sectors of the economy.
The summary table contains information on key variables for the 2013 to 2017 period while Tables 1.1 to 1.9 provide detailed current and capital non-financial accounts for 2017 only. Both consolidated and non-consolidated tables are presented for the Financial Accounts. The consolidated analysis allows a clearer view of transactions and balance sheet positions between institutional sectors. Transactions between entities in the same institutional sector are netted out in this consolidated presentation. Non-consolidated financial transaction accounts for 2013 to 2017 are set out in Tables 2.1 and 2.2 while Tables 2.3 and 2.4 contain non-consolidated financial balance sheet data for the same period. Tables 2.5 and 2.6 show consolidated financial transactions, and Tables 2.7 and 2.8 contain consolidated financial balance sheet data. Table 2.9 provides a breakdown of the Non-Financial Corporations sector (S.11) financial balance sheet showing Large Multinational Enterprises (MNEs).
The data tables contained in the present report as well data as for earlier years can be downloaded from Statbank on the CSO Website at the following links:
1The MIP Scoreboard is an early warning system consisting of eleven indicators covering the major features of an economy. It acts as a trigger for further in-depth analyses, supplemented by a secondary scoreboard of auxiliary economic and social indicators. More information on the Scoreboard is provided by the European Commission.