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Farm Ownership and Labour Input

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Farm Holder

  • Of the 139,600 farms in Ireland in 2013, 139,100 (99.6%) were classified as family farms.
  • Over 88% (122,900) of family farm holders were male.
  • More than half of holders were aged 55 or over, while just 5.9% of farm holders were aged under 35. 
  • The proportion of farm holders aged 65 and over was lowest in specialist dairying (14.1%) and mixed field crops (16.7%) and highest in other (35.4%) and specialist beef production(29.3%).

 

Significance of Farmwork

  • Over half (70,300) of farm holders stated that farming was their sole occupation, while just under one-quarter (24.1%) regarded it as a subsidiary occupation.
  • Over half (52.3%) of farm holders for whom farming was their sole occupation were in the Specialist beef production category, and a further 17.8% were in Specialist dairying.
  • Specialist dairying had the highest proportion of farmers with farming as their sole occupation (80.1%).
  • Those in the specialist sheep and other categories were least likely to have farming as their sole occupation, with 42.7% and 35.4% having farming as their sole occupation respectively.
  • Almost 40% (52,900) of farm holders worked a full AWU in 2013, while a further 19.5% worked between 0.75 and 1 AWU.

 

Farm Workforce

  • In 2013, 269,500 people worked on farms.
  • Of these, 51.6% (139,100) were the farm holders, 42.0% (113,200) were family members and the remainder were non-family workers (17,200).
  • Over a quarter (74,100) of those working on farms were female. However, just over one-fifth (16,200) were holders of the farms on which they worked.
  • Just over one quarter (27%) of people working on farms  worked full time (1.00 Annual Work Unit) while over four in ten (42.7%) contributed less than half an Annual Work Unit.

 

Labour Input

  • The farm workforce provided a combined total of 166,700 annual work units (AWU), an average of 1.19 AWU per farm.
  • Family members of the holder provided 47,900 AWU, almost 30% of the total labour input.
  • The average labour input per farm was highest in the South-East region (1.35 AWU per farm). The lowest average AWU per farm was in the Border region (1.08 AWU per farm).
  • Over one quarter (27.5%) of regular family workers were female, providing 19.0% of total AWUs
  • Over three-quarters (77.8%) of holders of farms of 50 hectares and over had worked a full AWU in the reference period, and 73.8% of holders in this category declared farming as their sole occupation.
  • Specialist dairying was the most labour-intensive farm type, with 84.0% of farm holders working a full AWU in 2013, and 94.9% working at least 0.75 AWU. In contrast, just 12.7% of farm holders on Other farms worked 0.75 AWU or more.
  • Farming was the sole occupation for 38.0% of holders of farms of under 20 hectares, but only 15.7% of these holders worked a full AWU in the year, while almost 40% worked less than half an AWU.

 

Show Table: Table 4.1 Family Farms classified by characteristics of Holder 2013

Show Table: Table 4.2 Family and regular non-family workers (persons) on all farms 2013

Show Table: Table 4.3 Total labour input including non-regular labour (AWU) on all farms 2013

Show Table: Table 4.4 Number of family farms classified by farm size (AAU) and characteristics of holder 2013

Show Table: Table 4.5 Number of family farms classified by farm type and characteristics of holder 2013

Show Table: Table 4.6 Number of family farms classified by economic size (SO) and characteristics of holder 2013

Show Table: Table 4.7 Family and regular non-family workers (persons and AWU) classified by farmsize (AAU) on all farms 2013

Show Table: Table 4.8 Family and regular non-family workers (persons and AWU), classified by farm type on all farms - 2013

Show Table: Table 4.9 Family and regular non-family workers (persons and AWU) classified by economic size (SO) on all farms - 2013

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