The wealthiest counties were in the east of the country, while poorer counties tended to be located on the western seaboard (See Figure 2.1).
|Table 2.1: Population and Wealth by county as measured by Valuation per Person, 1911|
|Rank||County||Population||Valuation (£)||Valuation (£) per Person|
|4||Dublin County (excluding City Centre), Dublin||172,394||842,207||4.89|
|11||Down (excluding Belfast City)||204,303||836,621||4.10|
|15||Belfast City (or County Borough), Belfast||386,947||1,489,655||3.85|
|18||Antrim (excluding Belfast City)||193,864||738,110||3.81|
|27||Dublin City, Dublin||304,802||943,024||3.09|
|Ireland (Island of)||4,390,219||15,614,013||3.56|
|1 Queens County became Laois in 1922.|
|2 Kings County became Offaly in 1922.|
Out of the 20 wealthiest DEDs, 17 were in Leinster. Eight of the top 20 wealthiest DEDs were in Meath, the highest number for any county. The remaining 12 DEDs in the top 20 were in Kildare (three), Queens County (two), Westmeath (two) and one each in Belfast City, Cork, Dublin City, Dublin County and Roscommon (See Table 2.2).
|Table 2.2: Twenty wealthiest DEDs|
|Rank||DED||County||Valuation (£) per Person|
|1||Culmullin DED, Dunshaughlin Rural District||Meath||20.97|
|2||Bodenstown DED, Naas No 1 Rural District||Kildare||19.88|
|3||Rodanstown DED, Dunshaughlin Rural District||Meath||19.44|
|4||Cloncurry DED, Celbridge No 1 Rural District||Kildare||19.04|
|5||Kilmore DED, Dunshaughlin Rural District||Meath||18.29|
|6||Kilcoke DED, Abbeyleix Rural District||Queens County||17.73|
|7||South City (Ward) DED||Dublin City||17.29|
|8||Kildellig DED, Abbeyleix Rural District||Queens County||17.18|
|9||Kilbride DED, Trim Rural District, Meath||Meath||16.24|
|10||St. Anne's (Ward) DED||Belfast City (or County Borough)||16.18|
|11||Gallow DED, Trim Rural District||Meath||15.98|
|12||Knocklough DED, Oldcastle (formerly Oldcastle No 1) Rural District||Meath||15.92|
|13||Crossakeel DED, Oldcastle (formerly Oldcastle No 1) Rural District||Meath||15.84|
|14||Churchtown DED, Mullingar Rural District||Westmeath||15.69|
|15||Carrick DED, Edenderry No 2 Rural District||Kildare||15.67|
|16||Clonmethan DED, Balrothery Rural District||Dublin County (excluding City Centre)||15.49|
|17||Castleplunket DED, Castlereagh Rural District||Roscommon||15.27|
|18||Carrig DED, Mallow Rural District||Cork||14.98|
|19||Cruicetown DED, Kells Rural District||Meath||14.97|
|20||Greenpark DED, Mullingar Rural District||Westmeath||14.74|
Out of the 20 poorest DEDs, 11 were in Connaught while there were none from Munster. Donegal had eight DEDs out of the 20 poorest DEDs, the highest amount for any county (See Table 2.3).
|Table 2.3: Twenty poorest DEDs|
|Rank||DED||County||Valuation (£) per Person|
|1||Annagary DED, Glenties Rural District||Donegal||0.23|
|2||Crovehy DED, Glenties Rural District||Donegal||0.28|
|3||Meenaclady DED, Dunfanaghy Rural District||Donegal||0.29|
|4||Achill DED, Westport Rural District||Mayo||0.29|
|5||Aran DED, Glenties Rural District||Donegal||0.32|
|6||Rutland DED, Glenties Rural District||Donegal||0.38|
|7||Illion DED, Clifden Rural District||Galway||0.38|
|8||Lettermore DED, Outherard Rural District||Galway||0.38|
|9||Rath Hill DED, Belmullet Rural District||Mayo||0.40|
|10||Magheraclogher DED, Dunfanaghy Rural District||Donegal||0.41|
|11||Gortahork DED, Dunfanaghy Rural District||Donegal||0.42|
|12||Maghery DED, Glenties Rural District||Donegal||0.42|
|13||Dooega DED, Westport Rural District||Mayo||0.43|
|14||Corraun Achill DED, Westport Rural District||Mayo||0.44|
|15||Crumpaun DED, Outherard Rural District||Galway||0.46|
|16||Gorumna DED, Outherard Rural District||Galway||0.46|
|17||Ballysax, East DED, Naas No 1 Rural District||Kildare||0.46|
|18||Ballinchalla DED, Ballinrobe Rural District||Mayo||0.46|
|19||Slievemore DED, Westport Rural District||Mayo||0.47|
|20||Knocknalower DED, Belmullet Rural District||Mayo||0.48|
Culmullin DED in Meath was identified as the wealthiest DED in 1911 with a valuation per person of £20.97. Culmullin had a land area of 9,036 acres with 129 houses in 1911, of which 115 were inhabited (See Table 2.4).
Annagary DED in Donegal was identified as the poorest DED in 1911 with a valuation per person at £0.23. Annagary had a land area of 9,731 acres with 694 houses, of which 639 were inhabited (See Table 2.4).
|Table 2.4: Comparison of Culmullin and Annagary from Census of Ireland, 1911 reports (Table VI)|
|Number of houses||129||694|
|Valuation per person (£)||£20.97||£0.23|
|Valuation per person (£ s d)||£20 19s 5d||4s 7d|
In the Census of Ireland, 1911, the Gaisford household were recorded as living in Culmullin DED, Meath. The Gaisford household consisted of five people – a married couple (Douglas and Elizabeth Gaisford) and three servants (Sarah Browne, Fanny Ashell and Emily McIlray). Their house had 21 rooms along with 13 outhouses and farmsteadings. Douglas Gaisford is also listed as the landholder for three other houses on associated returns. The Census returns for the other three houses contain occupation descriptions such as gardener, coachman, or general labourer – presumably for persons employed by the Gaisford household.
The original Census Form A for the Gaisford household can be found here on the National Archives website.
The Form B. 1. House and Building Return contains a description of the Gaisford’s property (house 1) and can be found here on the National Archives website.
In the Census of Ireland, 1911, the Duffy household were recorded as living in Annagary DED, Donegal. The Duffy household consisted of 11 people with the head of family, Grace Duffy, listed as a farmer’s wife. There were nine children aged from 18 down to one year old and a grandmother aged 73. Their house contained just two rooms along with one outhouse or farmsteading. This household Census return records the roof of this house as being of ‘Thatch, wood or other perishable material’ while the walls were of ‘stone, brick or concrete’.
The original Census Form A for the Duffy household can be found here on the National Archives website.
The Form B. 1. House and Building Return contains a description of the Duffy’s property (house 23) and can be found here on the National Archives website.