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E-mail: sbs_rap@cso.ie Andrew Murray (+353) 21 4535122 Mary Duggan (+353) 21 4535584
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information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-650X
CSO statistical release, 04 November 2016, 11am

Annual Services Inquiry

2014

Annual Services Inquiry (ASI) - Services and Distribution enterprises, 2008-2014
        % change
 20082009201020112012201320142008 - 20142013 - 2014
Gross Value Added (€ million)61,86358,16157,33259,09163,14968,46773,35418.67.1
Turnover (€ million)275,729261,017252,955265,743283,396292,540318,98115.79.0
Enterprises (number)175,188179,965182,787183,863188,364188,475185,5315.9-1.6
Persons engaged (number) 1,041,980960,348926,542925,658939,243961,338989,230-5.12.9

Services and Distribution Gross Value Added up 18.6% between 2008 and 2014

Figure 1: Turnover and Gross Value Added in Services and Distribution Enterprises, 2008-2014
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This release provides data on the Services and Distribution sector in Ireland for the period 2008 - 2014. Revised figures for 2008 - 2012 are included, along with newly published figures for 2013 and 2014. The detailed tables present a breakdown of the numbers of active Services and Distribution enterprises, numbers of persons engaged in Services and Distribution sectors, as well as a range of financial information classified by: economic activity, employment size and nationality.

The Services and Distribution series 2008 - 2012 has been revised due to a number of factors:

(i)There are now more active enterprises on the CSO Business Register. There are now more enterprises considered active in the Services and Distribution sector per the CSO Business Register.  These enterprises need to be measured. What is considered an active enterprise per the register of active enterprises in Ireland will determine its inclusion in the Services and Distribution series.  Size class thresholds will no longer be applied. For example, the Services and Distribution series previously didn't estimate for enterprises with zero persons engaged.

(ii) Updates in the National Accounts series. Under rules for the compilation of EU National Accounts (ESA 2010) a number of data series have been updated. For the Services and Distribution series, this principally concerns estimates for Research & Development (R&D).  Estimates of R&D spend are now higher, and more of this R&D spend is being capitalised. This has the effect of increasing the estimate of Services and Distribution Gross Value Added.  Updated estimates for the aircraft leasing sector are also included. 

(iii) Non-response treatment & the greater use of administrative data. As part of the methodological review we have examined our methodology for non-respondents. We have aligned our non-response methodology more closely to the use of available administrative (tax) data and changed how we estimate for non-response. These new estimates for non-response are now incorporated into the Services and Distribution series, replacing the previous grossing/imputation methodology.

(iv) Other adjustments. During the review, the opportunity was taken to update the series for some sectoral NACE adjustments (enterprises being reclassified from one particular NACE sector to another), and updates to some Multinational Enterprise data measured by our National Accounts Large Cases Unit are also incorporated. 

Original SeriesRevised Series
2008122047175188
2009124681179965
2010124758182787
2011123017183863
2012122126188364
2013122315188475
2014185531

Main differences following revisions

Impact on number of enterprises & employment

As a result of incorporating the above revisions, more enterprises are now being measured for the Services and Distribution sector in Ireland.  The original series measured around 123,000 enterprises.  The revised series measures approximately 183,000 enterprises.  This increase is mainly due to the removal of the size class threshold.  See Figure 2.

 

Original SeriesRevised Series
20089957771041980
2009918548960348
2010891191926542
2011893299925658
2012903657939243
2013921576961338
2014989230

Including these new enterprises has far less impact on employment levels in the Services and Distribution sector.  The new estimates for the Services and Distribution sector employment levels are around 4% higher than the original series, despite the very large increase in the number of enterprises. See Figure 3.

For the original series, the split between persons engaged in Irish and foreign owned Services and Distribution enterprises was 80/20 in favour of Irish owned enterprises. This breakdown adjusted to around 78/22 after all revisions had been implemented.

 

Original SeriesRevised Series
200852.53261.863155
200945.83858.160985
201046.53257.332301
201148.9959.090947
201249.3263.149301
201354.01168.466952
201473.354

Impact on Services and Distribution Gross Value Added

Updating the Services and Distribution series for the methodological improvements referenced above (in particular counting more enterprises and the positive impact of certain Research & Development capitalisation on Gross Value Added (GVA) levels) , results in higher estimates for GVA – an increase in the range of 17-28%,  depending on the year. See Figure 4.

For the original series, the GVA split between Irish and foreign owned Services and Distribution enterprises was 60/40 in favour of Irish owned enterprises. Following the revisions, the split is still in favour of Irish owned enterprises but the split is now 57/43.

 

Services and Distribution sector in Ireland 2008-14 – main trends

GVA for Services and Distribution enterprises increased by 18.6% from €61.9bn in 2008 to €73.4bn in 2014.  Over the same period, turnover went from €275.7bn to €319.0bn, an increase of 15.7%.  While the number of Services and Distribution enterprises increased by 5.9% from 175,188 in 2008 to 185,531 in 2014, the number of persons engaged in these Services and Distribution enterprises declined by 5.1% from 1,041,980 to 989,230.  See Headline Table, Figures 3 and 4.

Services and Distribution in Ireland, year on year changes  2013-14

In 2014, there was an annual increase in GVA of 7.1% from €68.5bn in 2013 to €73.4bn. The year on year change in Services and Distribution turnover was 9.0% up from €292.5bn in 2013 to €319.0bn in 2014. While the number of enterprises was down marginally from 188,475 in 2013 to 185,531 in 2014, the number of persons engaged in these enterprises rose 2.9% from 961,338 to 989,230.  See Headline Table, Figures 3 and 4.

 

Sectoral composition analysis

  • GVA for the Information and communication (J) sector rose from 19.1% of overall Services and Distribution GVA in 2008 to 30.7% in 2014. In monetary terms, this sector had a GVA of €11.8bn which rose to €22.5bn over the seven year reference period. See Figures 5 and 6.
  • The "Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (G)" sector's share of total GVA for Services and Distribution dropped between 2008 and 2014 from 30% to 24.6%. 
Percentage GVA
Wholesale and retail trade;
repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (G)
29.9791474710247
Transportation and storage (H)11.4365614341367
Accommodation and food service activities (I)6.19433263824903
Information and communication (J)19.1099688020303
Real estate activities (L)1.66658584291095
Professional, scientific and technical activities (M)14.4415886717424
Administrative and support service activities (N)13.2405476617687
Other service activities (92,93,95,96)3.93126747813717
Percentage GVA
Wholesale and retail trade;
repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (G)
24.6053384955149
Transportation and storage (H)9.44733756850342
Accommodation and food service activities (I)5.35076478446983
Information and communication (J)30.7358835237342
Real estate activities (L)1.94808735719933
Professional, scientific and technical activities (M)11.7703192736592
Administrative and support service activities (N)13.3953158655288
Other service activities (92,93,95,96)2.74695313139024
Small and medium enterprisesLarge enterprises
200842.24058319.622572
200938.23680219.924183
201035.8608821.471421
201137.55195621.53899
201239.14874623.998967
201343.11575925.35119
201443.23014430.123917

GVA by enterprise size class

  • Large enterprises accounted for 31.7% of total Services and Distribution GVA in 2008, this figure had risen to 41.1% in 2014. See Figure 7.
  • In contrast, while SMEs accounted for 68.3% of GVA in 2008, they accounted for 58.9% by 2014.  
  • GVA for large Services and Distribution enterprises increased by 53.6% from €19.6bn in 2008 to €30.1bn in 2014, while SME’s reported a rise of 2.3% in the same period from €42.2bn to €43.2bn.
  • On an annual basis, GVA for large Services and Distribution enterprises was up 18.8% from €25.4bn in 2013 to €30.1bn in 2014, while SMEs reported a slight rise of 0.2% in the same period. 
Small and medium enterprisesLarge enterprises
2008778805263175
2009712709247639
2010690379236163
2011691124234534
2012698978240265
2013710696250642
2014734864254366

Persons engaged by size class

  • The number of persons engaged in SMEs in the Services and Distribution sector was down 5.6% from 778,805 in 2008 to 734,864 in 2014, while large enterprises reported a fall of 3.3% in the same period from 263,175 to 254,366. See Figure 8.
  • The annual change in the number of persons engaged in Service and Distribution SMEs was up 3.4% in 2014, while large enterprises reported an increase of 1.5% in the same period.  
  • Large enterprises employed 25.3% of total persons engaged in 2008, rising to 25.7% in 2014.
  • SMEs employed 74.7% of total persons engaged in 2008, falling to 74.3% in 2014.
Irish owned Foreign owned
200841.15407120.709085
200935.64149722.519488
201032.87897124.45333
201134.20675624.884191
201236.34841326.800889
201339.17184729.295105
201441.24556132.108503

GVA by nationality of ownership

  • GVA in Irish owned Services and Distribution enterprises returned  to 2008 levels in 2014 with a value of €41.2bn. See Figure 9.
  • Foreign owned Services and Distribution enterprises reported an increase of 55% in GVA over the same period from €20.7bn to €32.1bn.
  • GVA in Irish owned Services and Distribution enterprises was up 5.3% from €39.2bn in 2013 to €41.2bn in 2014.
  • In 2014 Foreign owned Services and Distribution enterprises reported an increase of 9.6% in GVA from €29.3bn in 2013 to €32.1bn.
  • Irish owned enterprises accounted for 66.5% of total GVA in Services and Distribution in 2008. This was reduced to 56.2% in 2014.
Irish owned Foreign owned
2008839378202602
2009756375203973
2010723060203482
2011718149207509
2012720606218637
2013734550226788
2014761785227445

Persons engaged in Services and Distribution by nationality of ownership

  • The number of persons engaged in Irish owned Services and Distribution enterprises was down 9.2% from 839,378 in 2008 to 761,785 in 2014. See Figure 10.
  • Foreign owned Services and Distribution enterprises reported an increase of 12.3% in persons engaged over the same period from 202,602 to 227,445.
  • Persons engaged in Irish owned Services and Distribution enterprises was up 3.7% from 734,550 in 2013 to 761,785 in 2014, while foreign owned Services and Distribution enterprises reported an increase of 0.3% over the same period from 226,788 to 227,445.   

Please note: Additional analysis for Services and Distribution sectors in Ireland, including international comparisons, will be available in the Business in Ireland publication. This is due to be published by the end of November.

Background Notes

Background Notes   Annual Services Inquiry 2014

The Annual Services Inquiry (ASI) has been conducted on annual basis since 1991. The purpose of the survey is to provide estimates of the principal trading aggregates for all enterprises in the retail, wholesale, transportation and storage, accommodation and food, information and communication, real estate, professional, scientific, technical, administrative and other selected services sectors.

Legislation

This Statutory Inquiry is conducted under the Statistics (Structural Business Inquiries) Order 2013 (S.I. No.44 of 2013), made under the Statistics Act 1993 and Regulation (EC) No. 295 of 2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics. 

Central Business Register

The CSO’s Central Business Register provides the sampling frame from which the Annual Services Inquiry sample is selected each year. The Business Register is updated continuously throughout the year.

Sample Design

The ASI is designed to provide estimates of the principal trading aggregates for all enterprises in the relevant sectors. The ‘enterprise’ is the unit used for survey purposes i.e. one return is sought in respect of each enterprise covering all constituent branches, local units or subsidiaries. The sample is selected based on number of persons engaged in the enterprise i.e. number of proprietors plus number of full-time and part-time staff. A census of enterprises with 20 or more persons engaged is selected. In addition a stratified random sample is selected for the enterprises with less than 20 persons engaged, with decreasing sampling proportions taken in the lower persons engaged ranges. All enterprises with 1 or more persons engaged are included in the survey frame. However, the units with less than 2 persons engaged are not surveyed; the data for those are imputed directly from administrative data sources.

Use of Administrative data

The original series was aggregated using grossing factors. This method has been revised in the new series.  Instead of grossing, the use of administrative (tax ) data is used instead.

For every non-respondent or non-surveyed enterprise a survey return is created using tax information. The primary financial value the survey uses is profit/loss data with estimates for labour costs added to arrive at a value for GVA. This is derived from the administrative data. Other financial variables normally received from the survey form are estimated using actual survey returns as the data is not available from the administrative data. This is done using ratio-estimators.  A basic example of the concept would be the ratio of turnover to gva. If the ratio for a particular Nace is 4:1 for turnover to GVA, we would simply multiply the derived administrative GVA by 4 to give us a turnover value.

Number of Persons Engaged includes all full time and part-time employees. It also includes proprietors, partners and family members who work for an enterprise. It excludes agency workers.

Service and Distribution in EU27 Ireland includes NACE groups G-N (excl K) and R92, R93, S95and S96. The other EU Countries include NACE groups G-N (excl K) and S95.

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