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For more information on this release:
E-mail: Demography@cso.ie Declan Smyth (+353) 1 895 1345 Val McBride (+353) 1 895 1350
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-5226
CSO statistical release, 26 August 2014, 11am

Population and Migration Estimates

April 2014

   Year ending
 April 2013April 2014 
Immigration55,90060,600 
Emigration89,00081,900 
Net migration-33,100-21,400 
of which Irish nationals-35,200-29,200 
Natural increase40,80037,900 
Population change7,70016,500 
    
Population4,593,1004,609,600 
 

Net outward migration falls

Figure 1 PME - Migration

Net outward migration in the year to April 2014 is estimated to have fallen to 21,400, a decrease of 11,700 on the previous year’s figure of 33,100.  Emigration from Ireland in the twelve months to April 2014 is estimated to have fallen to 81,900 (from 89,000 in the year to April 2013), while the number of immigrants is estimated to have increased from 55,900 to 60,600 over the same period. 

Irish nationals continue to experience net outward migration, although at a lower level than in the previous year, falling from 35,200 to 29,200, while net inward migration among non-Irish nationals grew for the second year in a row, from 2,100 to 7,900. (Table 2)

The number of births in the period was 67,700 while the number of deaths was 29,800, resulting in a natural increase of the population of 37,900.

The combined effect of natural increase and negative net migration resulted in an overall increase in the population of 16,500 bringing the population estimate to 4.61 million in April 2014. (Table 1)

Other main features of the 2014 figures are: 

  • Almost half of the 81,900 people who emigrated in the year to April 2014 were Irish nationals (40,700 persons, or 49.7 per cent). 
  • Net migration among non-Irish nationals from outside the EU is estimated to be plus 11,200 (of which almost 20 per cent were Brazilian).
  • This release provides an analysis of emigration by economic status for the first time and shows that the majority of those emigrating were either at work or a student in the period prior to departing with fewer than 1 in 5 being unemployed (see table 6).
  • A breakdown of emigration by level of education (also published for the first time), shows almost half of those emigrating (47%) were educated to third level (see table 5).
Table 1 Components of the annual population change, 1987 - 2014
         
Year ending AprilComponents of Population change
BirthsDeathsNatural increaseImmigrantsEmigrantsNet migrationPopulation changePopulation
 000
         
198761.232.229.017.240.2-23.05.93,546.5
198857.831.626.219.261.1-41.9-15.83,530.7
198953.631.022.626.770.6-43.9-21.23,509.5
199051.932.819.133.356.3-22.9-3.73,505.8
199153.131.122.033.335.3-2.019.93,525.7
199252.831.421.440.733.47.428.83,554.5
199350.430.420.034.735.1-0.419.63,574.1
199449.132.616.630.134.8-4.711.83,585.9
199548.431.217.231.233.1-1.915.43,601.3
199648.832.016.739.231.28.024.83,626.1
199750.731.719.044.525.319.238.23,664.3
199852.731.221.546.028.617.438.83,703.1
199953.732.421.248.931.517.338.53,741.6
200054.032.121.852.626.626.047.93,789.5
200155.130.224.859.026.232.857.73,847.2
200258.129.328.866.925.641.370.03,917.2
200360.828.931.960.029.330.762.63,979.9
200462.028.633.358.526.532.065.34,045.2
200561.427.933.584.629.455.188.64,133.8
2006161.227.034.2107.836.071.8106.04,232.9
200766.628.438.2151.146.3104.8142.94,375.8
200873.028.044.9113.549.264.3109.24,485.1
200975.328.646.773.772.01.648.34,533.4
201077.228.448.841.869.2-27.521.44,554.8
201175.127.747.553.380.6-27.420.14,574.9
2012274.029.244.952.787.1-34.410.54,585.4
2013270.529.740.855.989.0-33.17.74,593.1
2014267.729.837.960.681.9-21.416.54,609.6
         
         
1 Up to and including 2005, the annual population estimates are on a de facto basis. From 2006 onwards the concept of usual residence is used. The 2006 population using the defacto definition is 4,239.8
2 Preliminary
Table 2 Estimated Migration classified by Sex and Nationality, 2009 - 2014
                   
Year ending April / Nationality ImmigrantsEmigrantsNet Migration
2009201020111201222013220142200920102011201222013220142200920102011201222013220142
 000
                   
Persons                  
                   
Irish23.017.919.620.615.711.619.228.942.046.550.940.73.8-11.0-22.4-26.0-35.2-29.2
UK3.92.54.12.24.94.93.93.04.63.53.92.70.0-0.6-0.5-1.21.02.2
Rest of EU15311.56.27.17.27.48.77.49.010.211.29.914.04.1-2.8-3.1-4.0-2.5-5.3
EU13421.19.310.110.410.910.030.519.013.914.814.010.1-9.4-9.8-3.8-4.4-3.2-0.2
Rest of world14.16.012.412.417.125.511.09.39.911.110.314.43.1-3.32.51.46.811.2
Total73.741.853.352.755.960.672.069.280.687.189.081.91.6-27.5-27.4-34.4-33.1-21.4
                   
Males                  
                   
Irish13.09.09.911.79.35.512.316.724.526.027.122.70.8-7.7-14.6-14.2-17.8-17.3
UK2.31.42.21.12.42.02.41.71.82.02.01.6-0.1-0.20.4-0.90.40.4
Rest of EU1533.72.63.42.42.74.31.94.03.75.02.65.71.8-1.5-0.3-2.70.0-1.4
EU13410.84.64.64.95.34.821.112.86.88.47.06.1-10.2-8.2-2.2-3.5-1.7-1.3
Rest of world7.02.85.94.98.511.64.35.45.17.56.25.92.7-2.60.8-2.62.35.7
Total36.820.426.025.028.228.241.940.641.948.944.942.0-5.1-20.2-15.8-23.9-16.7-13.8
                   
Females                  
                   
Irish10.08.99.78.86.36.16.912.217.520.623.818.03.1-3.2-7.8-11.8-17.4-11.9
UK1.71.11.91.12.52.91.51.42.81.51.91.10.1-0.3-0.9-0.40.61.8
Rest of EU1537.93.63.74.84.74.35.55.06.66.27.28.32.3-1.3-2.9-1.4-2.5-4.0
EU13410.34.65.55.55.65.29.56.27.16.47.04.00.8-1.6-1.6-0.9-1.51.1
Rest of world7.13.26.57.68.613.96.73.94.83.64.18.50.4-0.71.74.04.55.4
Total36.821.427.227.827.732.430.128.738.838.244.039.96.7-7.2-11.5-10.5-16.4-7.6
                   
                   
1 Census of Population for immigration only
2 Preliminary
3 Rest of EU 15: countries before enlargement on 1 May 2004, (i.e. Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Portugal).
4 EU13: defined as 10 countries that joined the EU on 1 May 2004 (i.e. Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia), along with Bulgaria and Romania who joined on 1 January 2007 and Croatia who joined on the 1 July 2013.
Table 3 Estimated Migration classified by Sex and Country of Origin/Destination, 2009 - 2014 
                   
Year ending April / Origin/DestinationImmigrantsEmigrantsNet Migration
2009201020111201222013220142200920102011201222013220142200920102011201222013220142
 000
                   
Persons                  
                   
UK13.49.111.98.49.79.713.215.320.019.021.917.90.2-6.2-8.1-10.5-12.2-8.2
Rest of EU 15318.17.89.710.210.311.27.411.913.914.411.516.210.7-4.1-4.2-4.2-1.2-5.0
EU 13417.58.79.89.311.89.825.214.610.49.614.28.7-7.7-5.9-0.5-0.3-2.41.1
Australia 7.16.54.54.95.33.611.110.413.418.215.410.0-4.0-3.9-9.0-13.3-10.1-6.4
Canada1.00.51.31.61.11.21.12.42.13.05.34.7-0.2-1.9-0.9-1.4-4.2-3.5
USA3.01.73.34.93.62.64.12.94.78.66.26.9-1.0-1.3-1.4-3.6-2.6-4.2
Rest of world 13.67.612.913.414.122.49.911.716.214.414.417.53.6-4.1-3.3-1.0-0.45.0
Total73.741.853.352.755.960.672.069.280.687.189.081.91.6-27.5-27.4-34.4-33.1-21.4
                   
Males                  
                   
UK7.84.05.94.56.13.98.08.811.110.811.59.3-0.3-4.8-5.2-6.3-5.4-5.4
Rest of EU 1536.33.44.73.75.15.33.05.47.07.14.47.23.3-2.0-2.4-3.30.7-2.0
EU 1349.34.74.54.85.14.716.09.04.95.07.55.3-6.7-4.3-0.4-0.2-2.5-0.5
Australia 4.23.52.22.83.41.66.76.67.410.97.74.8-2.5-3.2-5.1-8.1-4.3-3.2
Canada0.40.20.70.90.40.60.61.71.11.92.63.3-0.2-1.5-0.5-1.0-2.2-2.6
USA1.50.81.52.51.30.82.22.12.64.73.33.3-0.8-1.3-1.1-2.2-2.0-2.5
Rest of world 7.43.86.55.86.811.35.46.87.78.67.98.92.0-3.0-1.3-2.8-1.12.4
Total36.820.426.025.028.228.241.940.641.948.944.942.0-5.1-20.2-15.8-23.9-16.7-13.8
                   
Females                  
                   
UK5.65.16.04.03.55.95.16.48.98.210.48.70.5-1.4-3.0-4.2-6.8-2.8
Rest of EU 15311.84.45.06.55.35.94.46.56.87.37.19.07.4-2.1-1.8-0.8-1.9-3.1
EU 1348.24.05.34.56.75.19.25.65.44.66.73.4-1.0-1.6-0.2-0.10.11.6
Australia 2.93.02.22.11.92.04.43.86.07.47.75.2-1.5-0.7-3.8-5.2-5.8-3.3
Canada0.60.30.60.70.70.60.60.71.01.12.81.40.0-0.4-0.4-0.4-2.0-0.9
USA1.50.81.72.42.31.91.80.82.13.92.93.6-0.30.0-0.3-1.5-0.6-1.7
Rest of world 6.23.86.57.67.211.24.64.98.55.86.58.61.6-1.1-2.01.80.72.6
Total36.821.427.227.827.732.430.128.738.838.244.039.96.7-7.2-11.5-10.5-16.4-7.6
                   
                 
1 Census of Population for immigration only
2 Preliminary
3 Rest of EU 15: countries before enlargement on 1 May 2004, (i.e. Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Portugal).
4 EU13: defined as 10 countries that joined the EU on 1 May 2004 (i.e. Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia), along with Bulgaria and Romania who joined on 1 January 2007 and Croatia who joined on the 1 July 2013.
Table 4 Estimated Migration classified by Sex and Age Group, 2009 - 2014
                   
Year ending April / AgeImmigrantsEmigrantsNet Migration
2009201020111201222013220142200920102011201222013220142200920102011201222013220142
 000
                   
Persons                  
                   
0 - 144.51.86.17.99.37.82.42.05.34.96.86.02.1-0.20.92.92.51.8
15 - 2437.217.314.614.612.915.927.926.734.535.834.833.59.3-9.4-19.9-21.3-21.8-17.6
25 - 4426.418.826.925.628.633.037.536.531.339.541.037.6-11.1-17.7-4.4-13.9-12.5-4.6
45 - 643.32.04.34.14.62.83.12.96.15.65.73.40.3-0.9-1.8-1.5-1.0-0.6
65 and over2.31.91.30.60.41.11.21.13.41.20.71.51.00.8-2.1-0.6-0.3-0.4
Total73.741.853.352.755.960.672.069.280.687.189.081.91.6-27.5-27.4-34.4-33.1-21.4
                   
Males                  
                   
0 - 142.21.43.13.23.93.01.11.02.52.33.92.21.10.40.60.90.00.8
15 - 2418.67.66.46.06.36.817.113.715.917.415.115.81.4-6.1-9.5-11.4-8.8-9.0
25 - 4413.09.913.613.315.416.922.023.017.924.722.522.3-9.0-13.1-4.4-11.4-7.1-5.4
45 - 641.60.82.21.92.41.11.22.43.13.83.11.40.4-1.7-0.9-1.9-0.7-0.2
65 and over1.40.70.70.50.10.40.40.52.40.60.40.41.00.3-1.8-0.1-0.2-0.1
Total36.820.426.025.028.228.241.940.641.948.944.942.0-5.1-20.2-15.8-23.9-16.7-13.8
                   
Females                  
                   
0 - 142.30.53.04.65.44.81.31.12.72.62.93.81.0-0.60.22.02.40.9
15 - 2418.69.78.28.66.69.110.813.018.618.419.617.77.8-3.3-10.5-9.9-13.0-8.6
25 - 4413.48.813.312.313.216.115.513.513.314.818.515.3-2.1-4.60.0-2.5-5.40.8
45 - 641.71.32.12.22.21.71.80.53.11.82.62.0-0.10.8-1.00.5-0.3-0.4
65 and over0.91.10.70.10.30.70.80.61.00.60.41.10.10.5-0.3-0.5-0.1-0.3
Total36.821.427.227.827.732.430.128.738.838.244.039.96.7-7.2-11.5-10.5-16.4-7.6
                   
                   
1 Census of Population for immigration only
2 Preliminary
Table 5 Estimated Migration (aged 15 and over) classified by Sex and Education Attainment, 2009 - 2014
                   
Year ending April / Education AttainmentImmigrantsEmigrantsNet Migration
    2009    2010    20111    20122    2013220142    20092010    2011    20122    2013220142    2009    2010    2011    20122    2013220142
 000
 
Persons                 
                  
Higher secondary and below21.915.117.314.214.613.431.626.730.131.537.727.6-9.7-11.7-12.8-17.3-23.1-14.3
Post leaving cert36.52.55.33.22.13.56.77.16.26.86.76.3-0.2-4.6-0.9-3.6-4.6-2.8
Third level432.519.522.425.027.130.924.427.935.839.035.035.38.1-8.4-13.4-14.1-7.9-4.4
Not stated8.32.92.12.42.95.17.05.43.34.82.96.71.3-2.5-1.2-2.40.0-1.6
Total69.139.947.144.946.652.869.767.275.482.282.275.9-0.5-27.2-28.2-37.3-35.6-23.1
                   
Males                  
                   
Higher secondary and below11.77.38.98.57.96.818.615.515.717.618.315.8-6.9-8.2-6.8-9.1-10.4-9.0
Post leaving cert32.91.82.92.01.01.95.15.74.05.74.23.6-2.1-3.9-1.1-3.7-3.2-1.7
Third level416.28.410.010.314.514.313.614.717.420.616.717.42.6-6.3-7.4-10.3-2.2-3.1
Not stated3.71.41.10.90.82.23.63.72.22.61.93.10.1-2.2-1.1-1.7-1.1-0.9
Total34.619.022.921.724.325.240.839.639.346.541.139.8-6.2-20.6-16.5-24.8-16.8-14.6
                   
Females                  
                   
Higher secondary and below10.27.78.45.86.66.513.011.214.413.919.311.8-2.9-3.5-6.0-8.1-12.7-5.3
Post leaving cert33.60.72.41.21.01.61.61.52.21.12.42.72.0-0.70.20.1-1.4-1.2
Third level416.211.112.414.612.616.610.813.218.418.418.318.05.4-2.1-6.0-3.8-5.8-1.3
Not stated4.61.41.11.52.12.93.41.71.12.21.03.61.2-0.3-0.1-0.71.1-0.7
Total34.621.024.323.222.327.628.927.636.035.641.136.15.7-6.6-11.8-12.5-18.8-8.5
                   
                  
1 Census of Population for immigration only
2 Preliminary
3 Technical or Vocational, Advanced Certificate or Diploma
4 Pass degree and above
Table 6 Estimated Migration (aged 15 and over) classified by Sex and Principal Economic Status3, 2009 - 2014
                  
  Year ending April / Principal Economic StatusImmigrantsEmigrantsNet Migration
    2009    2010    20111    20122    2013220142    20092010    2011    20122    2013220142    2009    2010    2011    20122    2013220142
 000
                  
Persons                 
                  
At work33.718.423.221.222.222.641.331.136.238.536.528.9-7.6-12.7-13.0-17.3-14.3-6.3
Unemployed15.78.59.79.37.56.810.816.415.218.617.212.34.8-7.9-5.5-9.3-9.8-5.5
Student9.86.19.07.311.016.212.514.217.619.520.229.0-2.7-8.1-8.6-12.3-9.2-12.8
Other10.17.05.27.16.07.35.15.56.55.58.35.75.01.5-1.21.5-2.31.6
Total69.139.947.144.946.652.869.767.275.482.282.275.9-0.5-27.2-28.2-37.3-35.6-23.1
                   
Males                  
                   
At work18.89.611.911.112.812.225.618.218.321.118.414.5-6.8-8.6-6.4-10.0-5.7-2.3
Unemployed9.84.85.25.44.83.07.713.210.913.512.08.02.2-8.4-5.7-8.0-7.2-5.0
Student3.82.64.23.26.08.56.06.98.410.18.514.9-2.1-4.3-4.2-6.9-2.5-6.4
Other2.11.91.62.00.71.51.51.31.71.92.22.50.50.6-0.20.1-1.5-0.9
Total34.619.022.921.724.325.240.839.639.346.541.139.8-6.2-20.6-16.5-24.8-16.8-14.6
                   
Females                  
                   
At work14.98.711.310.19.410.315.712.917.917.418.114.4-0.8-4.2-6.6-7.2-8.7-4.1
Unemployed5.83.74.53.92.73.83.23.24.35.25.34.32.60.50.2-1.3-2.6-0.5
Student5.93.54.84.14.97.76.57.39.19.511.614.1-0.6-3.8-4.4-5.4-6.7-6.4
Other8.05.13.75.15.35.73.54.24.73.66.13.24.40.9-1.11.4-0.82.5
Total34.621.024.323.222.327.628.927.636.035.641.136.15.7-6.6-11.8-12.5-18.8-8.5
                   
                  
1 Census of Population for immigration only
2 Preliminary
3 As a person's principal economic status can change over the course of the year, for immigrants this refers to their status in the quarter prior to the April of the year in question, while for emigrants it is their status in the period prior to departure.
Table 7 Estimated Population classified by Sex and Age Group, 2009 - 2014
       
Sex and Age Group Persons in April of each year
2009201020111201222013220142
 000
       
Persons      
       
0 - 4 years335.2347.0356.0364.6365.7362.6
5 - 9 "310.7314.6319.6324.8333.1341.9
10 - 14 "290.5296.1301.0305.4308.9311.4
15 - 19 "294.3289.4281.0275.7274.5279.1
20 - 24 "354.4326.3298.6277.7258.8244.3
25 - 29 "400.6381.6362.9341.2320.0305.0
30 - 34 "374.5381.2393.4392.3387.5378.1
35 - 39 "356.3359.7363.1364.3363.8366.6
40 - 44 "316.7321.8329.3335.7342.8348.1
45 - 49 "295.6300.9304.1308.1312.1314.9
50 - 54 "262.3267.4273.7278.2283.1289.6
55 - 59 "235.7239.6243.4248.0251.1255.3
60 - 64 "207.7214.0217.1220.0223.6226.4
65 - 69 "156.6163.5172.1181.5189.4196.3
70 - 74 "124.6127.9130.1132.7138.2143.3
75 - 79 "96.899.1101.4103.6105.8108.3
80 - 84 "66.968.469.871.072.674.9
85 years and over54.056.158.260.562.163.8
       
Total4,533.44,554.84,574.94,585.44,593.14,609.6
       
Males      
       
0 - 4 years171.4177.6182.0186.0186.3184.6
5 - 9 "158.5160.8163.5166.1169.9174.4
10 - 14 "149.2152.1154.5156.4157.7159.0
15 - 19 "150.3147.7143.7141.3141.3144.0
20 - 24 "173.5160.1148.6138.6131.9124.7
25 - 29 "198.4186.1175.1163.5154.1146.2
30 - 34 "188.1189.8194.9191.3187.1181.2
35 - 39 "180.3181.0181.9181.5180.4180.6
40 - 44 "159.5162.2165.9168.5171.6173.6
45 - 49 "147.9149.8151.3153.1155.5157.5
50 - 54 "131.6133.7136.7138.2140.6143.5
55 - 59 "118.7120.3121.8123.6124.8126.9
60 - 64 "104.9107.6109.2110.0111.3112.5
65 - 69 "78.081.585.690.694.697.9
70 - 74 "59.861.862.964.467.270.0
75 - 79 "43.945.146.347.648.850.2
80 - 84 "26.327.328.329.430.632.0
85 years and over16.817.718.419.420.121.0
       
Total2,257.32,262.22,270.52,269.62,273.82,279.7
       
Females      
       
0 - 4 years163.8169.4174.1178.6179.4177.9
5 - 9 "152.2153.8156.2158.7163.2167.4
10 - 14 "141.2144.0146.6149.0151.1152.4
15 - 19 "143.9141.7137.4134.4133.2135.1
20 - 24 "180.9166.2149.9139.2126.9119.6
25 - 29 "202.1195.6187.8177.7165.9158.8
30 - 34 "186.4191.4198.5201.0200.4196.9
35 - 39 "176.0178.7181.2182.9183.4186.0
40 - 44 "157.3159.6163.4167.1171.1174.4
45 - 49 "147.7151.1152.9155.0156.6157.4
50 - 54 "130.7133.7137.1140.0142.5146.1
55 - 59 "117.0119.3121.6124.3126.3128.4
60 - 64 "102.8106.4107.9109.9112.3113.9
65 - 69 "78.682.086.590.994.998.4
70 - 74 "64.866.267.268.371.073.4
75 - 79 "52.954.055.055.957.058.1
80 - 84 "40.641.041.541.642.042.9
85 years and over37.238.539.841.141.942.8
       
Total2,276.12,292.62,304.42,315.82,319.32,329.9
       
       
1 Census of Population
2 Preliminary
Table 8 Estimated Population classified by Sex, Age Group and Regional Authority Area, April 20141
          
Sex and Age GroupStateBorderDublinMid-EastMidlandMid-WestSouth-EastSouth-WestWest
 000
          
Persons         
          
0 - 4 years362.639.9102.247.323.628.637.450.033.6
5 - 9 "341.940.382.448.023.328.438.148.932.5
10 - 14 "311.437.273.341.722.426.136.244.530.0
15 - 19 "279.132.565.835.119.624.432.041.927.6
20 - 24 "244.322.669.028.516.520.526.838.422.1
25 - 29 "305.027.3110.330.617.122.530.342.524.4
30 - 34 "378.135.3132.042.221.527.236.751.331.8
35 - 39 "366.636.5111.445.422.327.938.352.632.2
40 - 44 "348.137.195.445.821.828.037.450.731.9
45 - 49 "314.935.881.639.420.125.935.346.230.4
50 - 54 "289.633.075.634.018.124.333.043.528.2
55 - 59 "255.329.565.328.415.722.329.038.526.6
60 - 64 "226.426.657.324.413.720.425.834.423.8
65 - 69 "196.323.349.520.711.817.722.930.120.4
70 - 74 "143.317.137.214.28.412.817.022.014.7
75 - 79 "108.312.929.59.66.49.412.716.511.3
80 - 84 "74.99.020.36.14.46.58.711.78.1
85 years and over63.88.216.65.53.85.27.19.77.6
          
Total4,609.6503.91,274.6546.9290.6378.2504.8673.4437.1
          
Males         
          
0 - 4 years184.620.451.324.012.315.019.225.416.9
5 - 9 "174.420.941.924.212.114.719.424.416.7
10 - 14 "159.019.237.221.711.413.218.422.615.3
15 - 19 "144.016.634.118.310.012.716.521.414.4
20 - 24 "124.710.735.813.18.111.214.220.111.4
25 - 29 "146.213.052.613.88.310.914.521.012.1
30 - 34 "181.216.864.119.810.713.117.723.815.2
35 - 39 "180.617.954.622.111.014.118.826.415.8
40 - 44 "173.618.348.022.610.814.018.725.415.8
45 - 49 "157.518.240.119.710.312.817.523.115.6
50 - 54 "143.516.536.616.79.212.116.321.914.2
55 - 59 "126.914.831.314.08.011.314.619.513.4
60 - 64 "112.513.427.612.07.010.313.117.211.9
65 - 69 "97.911.823.510.65.98.911.415.210.6
70 - 74 "70.08.817.37.14.16.38.510.67.4
75 - 79 "50.26.112.84.53.14.56.07.75.5
80 - 84 "32.04.08.12.62.02.83.94.93.7
85 years and over21.02.85.31.91.31.72.43.12.5
          
Total2,279.7250.4622.0268.5145.5189.5251.4333.9218.5
          
Females         
          
0 - 4 years177.919.450.823.411.313.618.124.616.6
5 - 9 "167.419.340.523.711.313.718.624.415.8
10 - 14 "152.417.936.120.011.012.917.821.814.6
15 - 19 "135.115.931.816.99.711.715.520.513.2
20 - 24 "119.611.833.215.38.49.312.618.310.7
25 - 29 "158.814.357.716.88.811.615.821.512.4
30 - 34 "196.918.567.922.410.814.119.027.416.6
35 - 39 "186.018.656.823.311.313.919.526.216.4
40 - 44 "174.418.847.423.310.914.018.725.316.1
45 - 49 "157.417.641.519.79.813.117.823.114.8
50 - 54 "146.116.439.117.38.912.216.721.614.0
55 - 59 "128.414.634.014.47.711.014.419.113.2
60 - 64 "113.913.229.712.46.710.112.717.211.9
65 - 69 "98.411.525.910.15.98.811.514.99.8
70 - 74 "73.48.420.07.14.36.58.611.37.3
75 - 79 "58.16.816.75.13.44.96.78.85.7
80 - 84 "42.95.012.23.52.43.64.86.84.5
85 years and over42.85.411.43.62.53.54.76.65.0
          
Total2,329.9253.5652.6278.4145.1188.7253.5339.4218.6
          
          
1 Preliminary
Table 9 Estimated Population classified by Sex and Nationality, 2009 - 2014
       
Year ending April / NationalityPopulation
2009201020111201222013220142
 000
       
Persons      
       
Irish3,958.03,994.74,017.94,035.04,038.64,045.3
UK117.1115.9114.9113.0113.4114.9
Rest of EU15355.352.449.445.543.238.1
EU134240.8233.0231.5229.4228.6230.7
Rest of world162.2158.7161.2162.5169.3180.5
Total4,533.44,554.84,574.94,585.44,593.14,609.6
       
Males      
       
Irish1,966.41,983.31,991.91,999.92,002.32,003.8
UK58.357.757.856.556.656.7
Rest of EU15325.524.023.921.321.420.2
EU134124.8117.6116.5114.1113.6113.4
Rest of world82.379.680.477.779.985.6
Total2,257.32,262.22,270.52,269.62,273.82,279.7
       
Females      
       
Irish1,991.62,011.42,026.02,035.12,036.42,041.6
UK58.858.257.156.456.858.2
Rest of EU15329.728.425.524.221.717.9
EU134116.0115.5114.9115.3115.1117.4
Rest of world79.979.180.884.889.494.9
Total2,276.12,292.62,304.42,315.82,319.32,329.9
       
       
1 Census of Population
2 Preliminary
3 Rest of EU 15: countries before enlargement on 1 May 2004, (i.e. Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Portugal).
4 EU13: defined as 10 countries that joined the EU on 1 May 2004 (i.e. Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia), along with Bulgaria and Romania who joined on 1 January 2007 and Croatia who joined on the 1 July 2013.

Background Notes

Coverage

The reference period for the population estimates is mid-April of the years shown, while the migration flows are in respect of the twelve months to mid-April of the corresponding years, as are the births and deaths. The population classified by age and sex for the year 2011 is taken from the Census of Population.

Source of Migration data

The principal source of information for the estimation of the gross annual migration flows is the Quarterly National Household Survey (QNHS), which also provides the basis for the classification of the flows by sex, age group, origin/destination and nationality.

The migration estimates are compiled with reference to movements in other migration indicators such as the number of Personal Public Service (PPS) numbers allocated to non-Irish nationals and the number of visas issued to Irish nationals to a number of the destinations including Australia, US and Canada.  In addition, data on National Insurance numbers (equivalent to PPS numbers) issued to Irish nationals in the UK is referenced.

Calculation of annual population estimates

The annual population estimates for mid-April in this release were calculated by trending forwards the previous Census of Population data. For example, the base population data for estimating the April 2012 figure was the number of males and females in each region by single year of age and nationality as established by the 2011 Census. From this base, each person was aged by one year, births for the period were added and deaths were subtracted. 

The estimated number of immigrants was then added and the number of emigrants was subtracted. Allowance was also made for estimated inter-regional migration in arriving at the final 2012 figures. The end result of this overall process provided the population estimate for April 2012 which in turn will provide the base population for the subsequent year and so on. The population estimates are subject to revision once the definitive results of the next census become available.

The population by nationality estimates are made possible by trending forwards the previous Census of Population and incorporating gross migration flows by nationality based on responses in the QNHS. Births by nationality are estimated using the distribution of the nationality of babies as recorded in the 2011 census, while deaths by nationality are also estimated based on recent census results on the nationality distribution of the population by single year of age.

Migration classified by principal economic status and educational attainment

This release provides for the first time estimates of immigration and emigration by educational attainment (Table 5) and principal economic status (Table 6), based on responses in the QNHS.

The principal economic status question identifies whether the person sampled (who is aged 15 or over) is:

1. Working for payment or profit

2. Looking for first regular job

3. Unemployed, having lost or given up previous job

4. Actively looking for work after voluntary interruption of working life (for 12 months or more) for personal or domestic   reasons     

5. Student or pupil

6. Engaged on home duties   

7. Retired from employment

8. Unable to work due to permanent sickness or disability

9. Other

 

This is a self-perception question, i.e. people are classified according to how they perceive their situation.  These categories are subsequently collapsed to provide the categories included in table 6.

 

As with all the breakdowns of migration (by age, nationality, origin and destination), the breakdown by educational attainment and principal economic status should be considered broadly indicative given the relatively small sample sizes associated with these flows. In addition, as a person’s principal economic status can change over the course of the year (and to a lesser extent their education attainment), for immigrants these two new tables refer to their status in the quarter prior to the April of the year in question, while for emigrants it is their status in the period prior departure.

This is part of the ongoing work by the CSO to improve data in this area, which in recent years has included new data on the nationality of emigrants (Table 2), the inclusion of Canada and Australia as individual countries of origin/destination in the migration estimates (Table 3) and an estimate of the total population by nationality (Table 9). 

Usual residence population concept

For the purpose of this release the population concept of usual residence has been used, i.e. all persons usually resident and present in the State on census night plus absent persons who are usually resident in Ireland but are temporarily away from home and outside the State on census night. All persons are classified according to their region of usual residence.

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