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For more information on this release:
E-mail: bop@cso.ie Annette Hayes (+353) 1 498 4319 John Sheridan (+353) 1 498 4258
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-5015
CSO statistical release, 24 November 2016, 11am

International Trade in Services

2015

      € million
Services
ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
20142015
Total105,327111,453-6,127121,605150,963-29,357
  of which:      
    UK19,81611,9697,84723,53512,05411,482
    USA9,07626,445-17,36912,17431,675-19,499
    Germany8,8042,7916,0139,5693,0556,513
    Netherlands3,87715,740-11,864 4,00919,393-15,384

Service deficit of €29.4bn in 2015

go to full release

Total service exports increased by €16.3bn from €105.3bn in 2014 to €121.6bn in 2015.  Total service imports also increased significantly by €39.5bn from €111.5bn in 2014 to €151bn in 2015. As a result, the service deficit moved from €6.1bn in 2014 to €29.4bn in 2015.

Computer services at €57.4bn remains the largest export category and accounted for 47 per cent of total service exports in 2015. Royalties/Licences at €67.8bn was the largest import category followed by Other Business services, the residual import category, at €57.9bn.  When combined, these two import categories accounted for 83.2 per cent of total service imports in 2015 (see Table 1).

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

Service exports to the UK increased by €3.7bn between 2014 and 2015, mainly in the Computer services and Financial services categories (see Tables 2a & 2b). Increases in exports to Germany (+€0.8bn) and France (+€0.7bn) were mainly in Computer services while increases in exports to Spain (+€0.7bn) and Italy (+€0.5bn) were largest in the Tourism and Travel and Insurance services categories respectively. Service exports to Asia also increased by €4.5bn, mainly in Computer services, with exports to China up €2bn.

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

Service imports from the US increased by €5.2bn between 2014 and 2015.  In the same period, service imports from Asia increased by €4.3bn and imports from the Netherlands and Switzerland increased by €3.7bn and €1.1bn respectively.

Table 1 Exports and Imports of Services by Category, 2012-2015€ million
 2012 1 2013 1 2014 1 2015
ItemExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
Services85,78892,538-6,749 92,45293,089-637 105,327111,453-6,127 121,605150,963-29,357
 
Repairs & Processing1,3291,433-105 1,440982458 1,2231,255-32 1,1101,400-290
 
Transport4,6091,5473,061 4,8271,5873,241 5,1932,1713,021 5,9362,4893,447
 
Tourism and travel 3,0224,609-1,588 3,3704,669-1,301 3,6564,826-1,170 4,3205,121-801
 
Insurance8,4335,9642,469 8,4395,3383,101 8,7235,7033,019 10,3007,0903,210
 
Financial services8,5445,1563,389 8,3145,3402,975 8,9706,8922,078 11,0426,9914,052
 
Royalties/Licences3,88033,847-29,967 4,38836,492-32,104 5,24248,288-43,046 6,72367,765-61,042
 
Communications5691,087-518 5221,049-526 569984-415 6681,021-354
 
Computer services 37,93535837,577 42,05748241,574 49,16563948,526 57,40991656,490
 
Total other business services15,96538,331-22,367 17,39836,879-19,482 20,70540,428-19,723 21,95857,902-35,944
 
      Research and development7668,006-7,240 1,1146,058-4,944 2,2778,704-6,427 1,75819,701-17,941
 
      Operational leasing7,5371,4346,104 7,6961,4496,247 9,4429348,507 11,75177010,982
 
      Legal, accounting and other professional services*839* 3361,119-783 400845-448 4801,443-963
    
      Advertising and market research*4,259* 1464,245-4,101 983,583-3,485 1064,042-3,936
 
      Trade related services1,92412,444-10,519 2,31512,614-10,300 1,98814,003-12,014 1,91916,741-14,822
 
      Architectural engineering and other technical services28889197 319150169 21299114 23563175
 
      Other 4,96111,257-6,296 5,47511,242-5,767 6,29012,259-5,969 5,70615,142-9,436
 
Other services n.e.s.1,5072101,297 1,6972691,428 1,8822661,616 2,1392661,873
                
1Revised
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in 'Total other business services' total.
Table 2a Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2015 € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel1 Insurance Financial services Royalties/Licences Communications Computer services2 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
                  
Europe72,53060,206 314363 5,2961,257 2,9653,536 7,9114,729 7,5101,984 1,82726,694 296630 34,229219 1,630124 10,55520,670
 of which:                                
      Belgium2,3631,829 0* 11156 3945 6448 *10 ** 40 1,107* 3804 4171,502
      France 5,9332,648 4* 10882 314376 666573 19442 6853 7* 3,47331 2380 8611,479
      Germany 9,5693,055 844 101100 123117 986868 20749 *22 *4 6,37116 *0 8311,837
      Italy 6,2423,182 20175 9757 209213 2,698791 440* 11524 9* 1,69410 1500 8131,398
      Luxembourg1,4776,310 520 00 52 1216 1,5354 ** 0* 2857 *32 294316
      Netherlands 4,00919,393 0* 443 7562 10852 ** 119* ** 2,41015 *0 7211,805
      Spain3,0811,823 44 9858 770941 155100 ** *10 4* 1,0974 520 745674
      Sweden2,299399 00 00 2214 12264 *5 ** 2* 1,541* 1220 374301
      Switzerland3,1673,209 218* 29121 00 5165 *9 129* *0 2,0572 *0 355824
      United Kingdom 23,53512,054 458 4,753603 8511,137 2,5621,660 3,786* 385611 149* 6,933121 99864 3,1186,001
                                
    EMU 19335,64739,830 *269 515532 1,8672,172 4,8242,509 3,192648 1,17023,699 13577 18,39186 *46 5,2229,793
    EU 28465,64153,655 *328 5,2681,135 2,9283,489 7,6904,431 7,1051,937 1,60924,347 288626 30,096213 *108 9,09017,037
                                
North America13,59231,926 *272 515592 597781 1,4681,539 7541,380 3,6336,361 *26 2,156253 1,67868 2,75120,652
 of which:                                
      Canada1,416251 *0 2522 3491 5820 73* ** 1* 17812 7370 24679
      United States 12,17431,675 *272 490569 562689 1,4101,521 681* ** ** 1,975241 94068 2,50520,575
                                 
Central America*28,988 ** *0 00 276466 ** *28,237 ** 264 -8780 571215
 of which:                                
      Bermuda1985,501 *0 00 00 139300 89* 1605,112 00 130 ** 6443
                                 
South America*232 0* *0 00 6544 ** *0 48* *4 *4 1,114162
 of which:                                
      Brazil919104 0* 00 00 104 ** 00 80 *0 *4 69490
                                
Asia16,9377,038 ** *77 4616 426253 639* 272* 520 9,23938 1,9537 4,2962,053
 of which:                                
      China3,377410 *2 00 400 60* ** *0 40 *4 1430 1,007280
      Japan 3,155969 0* 577 616 4937 *8 ** 00 *0 5610 213361
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)63050 0* 00 00 7* 27* *0 00 40 *0 20125
      Taiwan, Province of China490105 0* 00 00 10* ** 00 00 *0 *0 15920
                                
Africa 1,712510 00 00 00 8032 235* *0 00 *4 26* 427434
 of which:                                
      South Africa944206 0* 00 00 2818 ** *0 00 5984 460 157156
                                 
Oceania and Polar regions2,894* 00 00 056 5042 ** 110* 00 *4 752* 235135
 of which:                                
      Australia2,627216 00 00 052 4223 ** 103* 00 *4 6960 132127
                                 
Not geographically allocated5*21,806 32285 121565 710732 24-17 1,2183,392 6532,471 249* 9,101* ** **
International Organisations** 00 *0 00 00 *0 *0 0* ** *0 **
                                 
Total121,605150,963 1,1101,400 5,9362,489 4,3205,121 10,3007,090 11,0426,991 6,72367,765 6681,021 57,409916 2,139266 21,95857,902
 of which:                                
      All offshore centres63,19635,991 ** *0 00 361649 77689 37832,069 00 7016 -7750 1,081*
                                 
                                 
Table 2a Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2015 - continued  € million
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe2333,930 4,442190 255196 69718 1,5499,345 16914 3,8346,277 10,55520,670
 of which:                       
      Belgium0* 468 164 4* 73430 200 255826 4171,502
      France 430 5515 3224 429 1051,092 40 168300 8611,479
      Germany 5070 35577 *16 *43 1321,255 *0 156372 8311,837
      Italy 0* 32926 1418 0* *512 0* *774 8131,398
      Luxembourg** 00 0* *0 067 00 290206 294316
      Netherlands 1* 3617 15* 14107 77600 4* 247240 7211,805
      Spain0* 266* *16 ** *394 ** 265249 745674
      Sweden** 117* 7* ** *250 ** 8557 374301
      Switzerland*11 105* 18* ** 28502 4* 172276 355824
      United Kingdom 4312 81228 9171 41424 4312,735 316 1,7122,424 3,1186,001
                       
    EMU 193621,232 2,150136 127114 41219 9744,994 1258 1,7433,089 5,2229,793
    EU 2842091,556 3,310179 229192 *660 1,5078,584 *14 3,5915,853 9,09017,037
                       
North America35111,553 1,272* 61* 13* 47* 28* 9804,437 2,75120,652
 of which:                       
      Canada0* 228* 40 0* 8* 00 421 24679
      United States 351* 1,043205 57* 13* 401,962 28* 9764,418 2,50520,575
                        
Central America0* 439* 200 ** 20* ** *74 571215
 of which:                       
      Bermuda00 8* 8* 0* 20* 00 251 6443
                        
South America0* 1,109* ** ** 0* *0 *66 1,114162
 of which:                       
      Brazil0* 693* 00 0* 00 0* 020 69490
                       
Asia4138 3,869187 4243 7165 341,033 190 323485 4,2962,053
 of which:                       
      China** 971* 44 ** ** *0 2481 1,007280
      Japan 010 14360 16* 0* *188 00 *94 213361
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)00 1976 00 03 *0 00 *16 20125
      Taiwan, Province of China00 ** 00 00 0* 0* *9 15920
                       
Africa 00 34314 *5 *39 21242 *0 46131 427434
 of which:                       
      South Africa00 1050 110 00 ** 0* *50 157156
                        
Oceania and Polar regions0* 180* 19* 41 1266 0* 2323 235135
 of which:                       
      Australia0* 820 15* 41 869 0* 1913 132127
                        
Not geographically allocated5** *91 70* ** 2314,016 *0 4083,650 **
International Organisations*0 ** *0 ** 00 ** 00 **
                        
Total1,75819,701 11,751770 4801,443 1064,042 1,91916,741 23563 5,70615,142 21,95857,902
 of which:                       
      All offshore centres60* 649108 32* 4* 28160 110 353206 1,081*
1Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
2Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales
and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
3The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands,
Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat,
Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates.
Table 2b Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20141 € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel2 Insurance Financial services Royalties/Licences Communications Computer services3 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
                  
Europe65,00050,716 277430 4,6691,130 2,1513,358 6,6944,203 5,7972,840 1,52322,936 266710 30,805192 1,576124 11,23614,791
 of which:                                
      Belgium1,9901,558 0* 9129 4843 6741 *13 ** 40 1,0250 1795 3741,267
      France 5,2752,412 4* 10370 201354 595565 175* 10048 75 2,96627 2400 8791,200
      Germany 8,8042,791 855 10086 334109 813935 178167 *20 *4 5,71118 *0 9781,404
      Italy 5,7102,566 12174 9649 131203 2,336657 431424 ** ** 1,5489 *0 9481,046
      Luxembourg1,7436,347 560 00 72 1834 1,111* ** 0* 27610 -31032 *309
      Netherlands 3,87715,740 0* 437 5758 8447 ** 108* ** 2,04312 *0 1,088975
      Spain2,3411,592 44 9650 203883 21283 *29 *7 47 1,1043 280 588526
      Sweden2,089425 00 00 4313 9841 ** *0 4* 1,39012 570 413316
      Switzerland2,8292,094 193* 2498 00 5779 ** 1431,383 *0 1,7393 *0 410506
      United Kingdom 19,81611,969 423 4,144579 9181,105 2,0141,202 2,738* 312781 148* 5,69699 60264 3,2385,797
                                
    EMU 19432,83434,340 *400 501452 1,0832,038 4,2542,415 2,556935 95320,563 *131 17,04074 *46 5,5047,286
    EU 28558,16947,829 *421 4,6461,030 2,1393,315 6,4923,872 5,4232,739 1,29821,389 *708 26,797188 *108 9,52714,054
                                
North America10,26726,614 *153 398462 939725 1,124692 554* *5,865 ** *167 93268 1,67215,439
 of which:                                
      Canada1,191170 00 2019 15987 4413 ** ** ** *4 6060 16052
      United States 9,07626,445 *153 379444 779638 1,080679 ** 2,408* ** 2,059163 32668 1,51315,388
                                 
Central America1,54218,128 *0 00 00 265451 ** *17,390 ** *4 -924* 444188
 of which:                                
      Bermuda5224,912 *0 00 00 131262 83* *4,540 00 120 -968* 6232
                                 
South America1,629218 00 00 00 10464 ** *0 00 *0 81* 686126
 of which:                                
      Brazil64095 00 00 00 245 ** *0 00 200 134* 39071
                                
Asia12,4722,762 ** 477 5114 341162 598* ** 70 5,93236 1,7426 3,5911,572
 of which:                                
      China1,363303 ** 00 400 115 ** *0 40 1414 1631 953247
      Japan 2,680985 0* 477 1114 5534 ** ** 00 *0 4910 215432
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)64161 0* 00 00 93 20* *0 00 *0 *0 18625
      Taiwan, Province of China51299 0* 00 00 ** *11 00 00 *0 *0 *27
                                
Africa 1,879411 00 00 00 9032 20777 *0 *0 1,0944 *4 428291
 of which:                                
      South Africa731132 00 00 00 2516 ** *0 00 4754 37* 10684
                                 
Oceania and Polar regions2,360288 0* 00 056 5942 ** 109* 00 *4 5490 193165
 of which:                                
      Australia2,071259 0* 00 052 4422 ** 104* 00 *4 5030 112161
                                 
Not geographically allocated6** *255 118503 515674 44* 1,257630 5441,802 269* 7,077* ** 2,4457,849
International Organisations** 00 00 00 0* *0 00 ** 1* *0 88
                                 
Total105,327111,453 1,2231,255 5,1932,171 3,6564,826 8,7235,703 8,9706,892 5,24248,288 569984 49,165639 1,882266 20,70540,428
 of which:                                
      All offshore centres72,93519,228 ** 00 00 333661 634* *17,551 00 5714 -8840 962633
                                 
                                 
Table 2b Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20141 - continued  € million 
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe686969 3,900184 223346 601,089 1,5545,952 16151 4,6556,201 11,23614,791
 of which:                       
      Belgium0* 3830 ** *18 72325 *0 236742 3741,267
      France 438 46210 2718 434 102808 40 279294 8791,200
      Germany 3273 44620 *11 *113 125880 *4 264303 9781,404
      Italy 0* 40435 13* 050 *294 *4 284616 9481,046
      Luxembourg00 *0 0* 0* 0* 0* *284 *309
      Netherlands ** 791 11* *155 183315 *0 313293 1,088975
      Spain0* 1830 8* 48 *262 *0 238217 588526
      Sweden** 93* 72 ** 31153 ** 15640 413316
      Switzerland84 830 121 423 28267 40 274210 410506
      United Kingdom *404 63437 86136 *630 4431,876 2941 1,9922,674 3,2385,797
                       
    EMU 194*415 1,780100 114178 *387 9653,299 968 1,9982,899 5,5047,286
    EU 285679934 2,718167 210325 *1,039 1,5055,682 *51 4,2245,858 9,52714,054
                       
North America244* 790477 3964 13* 46* 16* 5232,744 1,67215,439
 of which:                       
      Canada0* 1340 40 0* 8* 0* 159 16052
      United States 244* 657477 3864 12* 40* 16* 5072,733 1,51315,388
                        
Central America0* 303* 161 0* 20* 00 9964 444188
 of which:                       
      Bermuda00 4* 80 00 20* 00 235 6232
                        
South America** 681* 0* ** 00 ** 434 686126
 of which:                       
      Brazil0* 388* 00 0* 00 0* 015 39071
                       
Asia4196 3,098154 2518 5124 34606 150 414474 3,5911,572
 of which:                       
      China0* 902* 02 0* 4* 00 40188 953247
      Japan 030 10260 12* 0* *220 00 *110 215432
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)0* 1810 00 0* ** 0* *20 18625
      Taiwan, Province of China00 ** 00 00 0* 00 *10 *27
                       
Africa 0* 228* 4* 0* 15135 ** *134 428291
 of which:                       
      South Africa0* 55* 40 0* 461 ** *16 10684
                        
Oceania and Polar regions039 1330 167 01 1288 00 3330 193165
 of which:                       
      Australia039 610 127 01 889 00 2923 112161
                        
Not geographically allocated61,3411,422 30718 *406 *480 306* ** *2,578 2,4457,849
International Organisations** 0* ** ** 0* ** 00 88
                        
Total2,2778,704 9,442934 400845 983,583 1,98814,003 21299 6,29012,259 20,70540,428
 of which:                       
      All offshore centres70* 517103 21* 425 *202 *0 383184 962633
1Revised
2Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
3Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means.
The value of sales and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands,
Cayman Islands, Cook Islands,Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat,
Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates.
Table 2c Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20131  € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel2 Insurance Financial services Royalties/Licences Communications Computer services3 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
                  
Europe57,81547,106 310206 4,385963 2,0503,112 6,4783,622 5,1401,92791723,923 273761 29,183202 -8123 9,08712,267
 of which:                               
      Belgium1,6221,528 00 2022 4332 6635 2197** *0 8914 ** 3081,360
      France 4,9022,168 0* 10755 200374 597587 15781*55 *6 2,96026 ** 592976
      Germany 8,3382,251 ** 106108 28679 664715 164200*34 12* 5,64714 3970 9511,060
      Italy 5,4782,233 ** 10038 118230 2,113549 701460** ** 1,4109 530 1,004832
      Luxembourg1617,629 *0 00 45 1915 722*47,296 0* 2734 *32 128151
      Netherlands 3,52514,731 *0 748 6932 9053 1892962* ** 2,3058 *0 6091,044
      Spain2,1311,685 ** 10031 209990 15158 8236** ** 9820 280 553544
      Sweden1,971388 0* 00 4317 17476 8020** ** 1,25925 *0 349214
      Switzerland2,6792,108 217* 2498 00 5965 16219*1,493 *0 1,6504 ** 388406
      United Kingdom 17,5229,726 ** 3,822539 880803 1,9041,100 2,2428214411,034 ** 5,212102 34564 2,5424,615
                              
    EMU 19428,57133,438 ** 539327 1,0282,114 3,9982,058 2,35095237821,240 123100 16,19562 ** 4,5006,373
    EU 28551,20544,430 ** 4,360865 2,0463,054 6,2853,474 4,7201,80884522,320 267* 25,034194 ** 7,73611,658
                              
North America9,83123,195 *52 353294 825687 1,056769 7802,433** 20* ** 1,64871 1,71912,295
 of which:                               
      Canada1,105281 00 1715 11084 5923 *17** 00 ** 5883 143118
      United States 8,72622,915 *52 335278 715602 997745 *2,4171,892* 19* 1,214135 1,06168 1,57712,176
                                
Central America*6,115 *0 00 00 277549 ***5,350 00 ** *0 326187
 of which:                               
      Bermuda1,0684,245 *0 00 00 160427 105**3,789 00 ** *0 5922
                                
South America*215 00 00 00 8152 **** ** *0 *4 393132
 of which:                               
      Brazil407101 00 00 00 83 82*0* 00 *0 *4 17677
                               
Asia10,8322,579 ** 435 4917 404216 672215229* *0 4,499* 1,6616 3,3021,723
 of which:                               
      China1,359281 00 00 400 103 ***0 00 96* 1591 1,006229
      Japan 2,470874 *0 435 917 8524 19575117* 00 ** 6281 199484
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)55275 00 00 00 ** ***0 00 80 *0 17431
      Taiwan, Province of China515122 00 00 00 ** 8412*0 00 *0 ** 4483
                              
Africa 1,938280 *0 00 00 8021 19226** 00 1,199* 214 421216
 of which:                               
      South Africa775108 *0 00 00 2920 6720** 00 5440 25* 8868
                               
Oceania and Polar regions1,910438 ** 00 056 5974 499103* 0* ** 5090 144281
 of which:                               
      Australia1,723411 ** 00 052 4967 46899* 0* ** 4660 110268
                               
Not geographically allocated6** 8628 88297 442796 436 **494523 222274 4,81797 -1,74448 **
International Organisations** 00 00 00 00 ***0 ** 00 *0 **
                               
Total92,45293,089 1,440982 4,8271,587 3,3704,669 8,4395,338 8,3145,3404,38836,492 5221,049 42,057482 1,697269 17,39836,879
 of which:                               
      All offshore centres 73,2806,747 ** 00 00 327583 72365*5,449 00 4081 -628* 879560
                                 
                                 
Table 2c Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20131 - continued  € million
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe140931 3,268222 205321 671,351 1,4723,691 263733,6715,678 9,08712,267
 of which:                      
      Belgium** 33* *5 0* *231 **196863 3081,360
      France *55 236* *17 *108 *551 **228225 592976
      Germany 2283 448* *5 *100 *581 86*223271 9511,060
      Italy ** 473* *5 0* *227 **302462 1,004832
      Luxembourg00 *0 00 00 0* **110133 128151
      Netherlands 0* 215* ** *257 83137 **249495 6091,044
      Spain** 172* *0 0* *173 **204256 553544
      Sweden** 130* *7 ** *99 **6539 349214
      Switzerland0* 520 *0 ** *183 **293* 388406
      United Kingdom *439 49342 68153 *574 4301,148 *471,4562,211 2,5424,615
                      
    EMU 19431450 1,711124 *145 28657 *2,119 *241,6452,853 4,5006,373
    EU 285140945 2,510186 193310 *1,307 1,3523,479 *733,2445,357 7,73611,658
                      
North America316* 597* ** *2,205 ** 12336912,160 1,71912,295
 of which:                      
      Canada0* 1170 ** *36 ** **1225 143118
      United States 3164,216 478* 22300 82,168 *2,522 **6792,137 1,57712,176
                       
Central America*0 218* ** 0* ** *06967 326187
 of which:                      
      Bermuda*0 4* ** 0* ** *022-1 5922
                       
South America** 385* *0 ** 0* *0588 393132
 of which:                      
      Brazil0* 175* *0 ** 00 *0*53 17677
                      
Asia*187 2,758246 *12 *234 *747 *3337295 3,3021,723
 of which:                      
      China** 920* *4 0* ** *02986 1,006229
      Japan *34 11478 ** 0* *265 **66* 199484
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)0* 171* 00 0* 0* 0007 17431
      Taiwan, Province of China*0 ** *0 00 0* *066 4483
                      
Africa ** 226* *6 ** *49 **15525 421216
 of which:                      
      South Africa0* 57* ** ** ** *0278 8868
                       
Oceania and Polar regions042 870 *1 *16 *165 *03655 144281
 of which:                      
      Australia037 590 *1 *10 *164 003553 110268
                       
Not geographically allocated6** 15616 67* 38* 575* **** **
International Organisations*0 0* 0* 0* 0* **** **
                       
Total1,1146,058 7,6961,449 3361,119 1464,245 2,31512,614 3191505,47511,242 17,39836,879
 of which:                      
      All offshore centres7050 465117 *2 *41 ** 11* 335181 879560
1Revised
2Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
3Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales
and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands,
Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat,
Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates.
Table 2d Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20121           € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel2 Insurance Financial services Royalties/Licences Communications Computer services3 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
                  
Europe55,00748,574 331451 4,214880 1,8783,257 6,2343,997 4,9531,6121,08421,044 285856 27,469203 -26393 8,82316,183
 of which:                               
      Belgium1,5251,697 0* 2520 3326 6239 268*** 0* 7340 *7 3151,471
      France 5,0142,921 ** 10848 189322 644647 15865101136 ** 3,03125 *0 6521,607
      Germany 9,0953,467 ** 33691 227107 629782 321196*40 17* 6,00525 2030 1,2872,137
      Italy 5,0912,462 ** 37032 107211 1,676720 605359** ** 1,3397 400 878945
      Luxembourg134* *0 00 44 1515 697*** 00 173* *0 8789
      Netherlands 3,57014,498 00 839 5155 230119 16220** *24 2,501* *0 5131,713
      Spain2,6101,621 0* 52827 181961 12868 11223** ** 1,0810 *0 506502
      Sweden1,691325 00 00 4719 15477 6912** ** 1,053* *0 280169
      Switzerland2,4132,037 232* 2393 00 6176 13868** ** 1,491* *0 352939
      United Kingdom 15,77510,638 *192 2,726511 850901 2,1411,130 2,0005973561,091 215628 4,703103 *61 2,3325,421
                              
    EMU 19428,83034,020 ** 1,468276 8632,150 3,4902,443 2,43282967618,984 44185 16,17471 ** 4,5698,833
    EU 28549,20845,809 *429 4,192787 1,8763,205 5,9843,817 4,5461,4641,06420,129 280846 24,081195 *78 7,49614,861
                              
North America8,95025,674 ** 293315 745668 1,2771,166 8892,730** *18 *74 *44 1,14213,108
 of which:                               
      Canada1,043396 00 1412 8578 205123 56*** 0* *0 *4 145147
      United States 7,90825,277 ** 279303 660590 1,0731,043 833*1,572* ** *74 1,29540 99812,961
                                
Central America*4,683 ** 00 00 299412 ***4,054 ** *0 *0 329194
 of which:                               
      Bermuda8903,627 ** 00 00 141273 90**3,283 ** *0 *0 6265
                                
South America*159 00 00 00 8848 **** ** *0 1124 34381
 of which:                               
      Brazil34051 00 00 00 17-1 **00 00 00 ** 15732
                               
Asia10,7092,492 ** 428 470 329195 487166*142 ** 4,700* *6 3,2761,831
 of which:                               
      China2,305201 *0 00 400 136 **** 00 *0 *1 1,178217
      Japan 2,487878 00 428 70 6636 14839*195 0* 1,3780 ** 225577
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)65835 00 00 00 12* ***0 00 *0 *0 19619
      Taiwan, Province of China62481 00 00 00 ** 6910*0 00 *0 103* 2638
                                
Africa 1,230275 00 00 00 9042 13619** 00 5920 ** 362204
 of which:                               
      South Africa66178 00 00 00 287 4514** 00 4650 ** 7955
                               
Oceania and Polar regions1,649* 0* 00 056 8445 4317105* 06 ** ** **
 of which:                               
      Australia1,469429 0* 00 052 7032 4310101* 06 ** *0 109307
                               
Not geographically allocated6*10,169 *863 96323 350627 ** **3341,099 143169 3,33849 -1,535* 1,5586,403
International Organisations** 00 00 00 ** **00 ** 00 *0 **
                               
Total85,78892,538 1,3291,433 4,6091,547 3,0224,609 8,4335,964 8,5445,1563,88033,847 5691,087 37,935358 1,507210 15,96538,331
 of which:                               
      All offshore centres73,0235,389 ** 00 00 411492 71473*4,139 ** 2821 -4990 753585
                                 
                                 
Table 2d Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20121 - continued  € million
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe1331,348 3,328258 247312 801,383 1,2906,713 205633,5386,106 8,82316,183
 of which:                      
      Belgium** 44* *5 0* *251 *0185* 3151,471
      France *73 251* *15 *64 *1,181 **291237 6521,607
      Germany *75 3865 *33 *76 *1,345 *25648577 1,2872,137
      Italy ** 471* *9 0* *461 0*220324 878945
      Luxembourg*0 *0 00 *0 016 *06873 8789
      Netherlands 046 254* *82 *122 *357 5*178* 5131,713
      Spain** 1690 ** 071 *197 *0167201 506502
      Sweden** 780 *2 ** *134 **5920 280169
      Switzerland0* 740 ** *17 *403 *0156122 352939
      United Kingdom *485 59465 *144 21834 3731,742 27241,2282,127 2,3325,421
                      
    EMU 194*440 1,731* 106159 *440 *4,051 145*1,8633,558 4,5698,833
    EU 285*953 2,576225 *307 441,346 1,1436,061 *603,2195,908 7,49614,861
                      
North America197* 563* ** *2,203 ** **2162,108 1,14213,108
 of which:                      
      Canada** 126* ** 0* ** *0885 145147
      United States *6,131 437* ** ** 821,621 **2092,022 99812,961
                       
Central America*0 170114 *2 *0 ** **11540 329194
 of which:                      
      Bermuda*0 *0 *0 00 ** 0*2428 6265
                       
South America** 333* 0* *2 0* ***46 34381
 of which:                      
      Brazil0* 1510 00 0* 00 *0*21 15732
                      
Asia*112 2,677188 1617 *215 *928 **313* 3,2761,831
 of which:                      
      China*11 1,039* ** 0* ** *0694 1,178217
      Japan ** 119* *0 ** *374 **9141 225577
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)0* 181* 00 0* 00 ***2 19619
      Taiwan, Province of China00 *0 00 00 0* **44 2638
                      
Africa ** 19830 *4 0* *64 *0*44 362204
 of which:                      
      South Africa0* 59* 00 0* ** *01421 7955
                       
Oceania and Polar regions0* 90* ** ** ** *02443 **
 of which:                      
      Australia*42 72* ** ** ** *02242 109307
                       
Not geographically allocated6425* 179* 40339 8378 2762,845 27*6032,499 1,5586,403
International Organisations*0 0* 0* 00 0* *0** **
                       
Total7668,006 7,5371,434 *839 *4,259 1,92412,444 288894,96111,257 15,96538,331
 of which:                      
      All offshore centres7** 356123 ** *27 *204 *0336198 753585
1Revised
2Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
3Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means.
The value of sales and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands,
Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat,
Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates.
Table 3 - Exports and Imports of Services classified by country, 2012-2015€ million
Region/Country2012 1 2013 12014 12015
ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
Algeria634 *5* 16413*4*
Andorra29029 42042 000000
Angola1065 12211 34***0*
Antarctica000 000 72072000
Argentina822854 802255 87246317038133
Australia1,4694291,041 1,7234111,312 2,0712591,8122,6272162,410
Austria563148415 623168454 677167510766227538
Bahamas11010 16015 ***27**
Bahrain50644 68562 4604547245
Barbados93113-21 *93* 81158-7784136-51
Belarus1009 *0* *0****
Belgium1,5251,697-172 1,6221,52894 1,9901,5584312,3631,829535
Bermuda8903,627-2,736 1,0684,245-3,176 5224,912-4,3901985,501-5,306
Bosnia and Herzegovina7** 17017 47047*0*
Brazil34051288 407101308 64095545919104815
British Virgin Islands 38** 37** 40**53349
Bulgaria1133777 851569 801762902763
Canada1,043396647 1,105281824 1,1911701,0231,4162511,164
Cayman Islands421** 352** 305**414**
Chile893455 *41* 75334122142178
China2,3052012,105 1,3592811,076 1,3633031,0603,3774102,966
Colombia12929102 13833106 1565510017427147
Croatia34303 44375 3747-10815725
Curacao18** 27027 000***
Cyprus*22* *31* -5228-81*31*
Czech Republic255115141 318118199 245136110309193117
Denmark1,066343723 1,065334732 1,0273616661,148477672
Dominican Republic101 101 *0*404
Ecuador521 7** *0*23**
Egypt27864213 31836283 301122178228110120
El Salvador*0* 28026 *2*20**
Estonia15116 34629 158815105
Ethiopia24023 *** 52**65**
Finland755175580 985165819 883298586886386498
France5,0142,9212,095 4,9022,1682,734 5,2752,4122,8645,9332,6483,283
Georgia1** *0* *0**0*
Germany9,0953,4675,627 8,3382,2516,089 8,8042,7916,0139,5693,0556,513
Gibraltar*36* 39** 63**89**
Greece1559757 352128224 756120636318162156
Guernsey834436 782851 6075-15471432
Hong Kong262143120 31392221 37610127456287475
Hungary67143629 *36* *63**72*
Iceland32** *** 7227173**
India1,3522441,108 1,5212921,228 1,9641281,8382,3373561,981
Indonesia25532224 36269293 5812955330119282
Isle of Man 21** 15** ***106**
Israel347140207 51789428 5421074341,6371711,465
Italy5,0912,4622,629 5,4782,2333,245 5,7102,5663,1466,2423,1823,060
Jamaica514 304 421432
Japan2,4878781,609 2,4708741,597 2,6809851,6953,1559692,186
Jersey13615122 723734 1040-30935
Jordan24518 23** *2*541045
Kazakhstan63360 90** 7517590287
Kenya391127 *23* *13*982672
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)65835623 55275475 6416158163050579
Kuwait**31 **59 5905874073
Latvia59157 51547 39633531043
Lebanon17** 60****2148**
Libya15124 15**25*****
Liechtenstein4** *** ******
Lithuania40436 531044 531438691851
Luxembourg134** 1617,629-7,468 1,7436,347-4,6041,4776,310-4,833
Macao*0* *0* *0****
Malaysia**135 23843194 4932746524421222
Malta27** 38** 57**107**
Marshall Islands000 000 ******
Mexico21120190 23029200 3684632354799448
Montenegro**0 *** *0*14014
Morocco50742 **70 41932692248
Netherlands3,57014,498-10,924 3,52514,731-11,206 3,87715,740-11,8644,00919,393-15,384
New Zealand1111893 125** 1711415722325198
Nigeria634716 963759 *31*1399644
Norway886146740 1,146154992 1,1171519661,2301841,044
Oman19109 27820 3753173**
Pakistan33530 2364233 *7*941182
Panama19911 221211 61224048454
Philippines1163779 15434121 145268-123169**
Poland649231419 676322354 748399348880483398
Portugal386388-1 503322180 530354178789395394
Qatar67857 81775 136413226210252
Romania1011390 701358 10370341376671
Russian Federation1,6912631,429 1,8371051,731 1,64631,6431,3261651,161
Rwanda202 *1* 5***0*
Saudi Arabia41696319 48185397 562158404622315306
Serbia16214 *0* ***46**
Singapore687333354 813305506 9902757141,208**
Slovakia56523 821665 922170982674
Slovenia33826 44736 411724552333
South Africa66178583 775108668 731132598944206739
Spain2,6101,621988 2,1311,685447 2,3411,5927503,0811,8231,258
Sri Lanka21715 20** 21****15
Sweden1,6913251,366 1,9713881,584 2,0894251,6642,2993991,900
Switzerland2,4132,037376 2,6792,108570 2,8292,0947373,1673,209-44
Taiwan, Province of China62481543 515122393 51299412490105386
Thailand631945 511041 182**118**
Tokelau*0* *0* 000000
Trinidad and Tobago403 404 *0****
Tunisia20019 27818 241014261114
Turkey281104177 44091351 437128309663197467
Ukraine70466 92390 99891452125
United Arab Emirates49388405 67775602 5241034211,025135893
United Kingdom15,77510,6385,136 17,5229,7267,796 19,81611,9697,84723,53512,05411,482
United States7,90825,277-17,371 8,72622,915-14,188 9,07626,445-17,36912,17431,675-19,499
Uruguay*4* *** *0****
Venezuela26424 32823 4644122814
Viet Nam54450 44440 604571698162
Virgin Islands, US000 *0* 000808
International Organisations*** *** ******
Not geographically allocated 2*10,169* *** ****21,806*
Marginal trade 31598970 21285127 2591708926971198
               
World total85,78892,538-6,749 92,45293,089-637 105,327111,453-6,127 121,605150,963-29,357
1Revised
2This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
3Subtotal for countries for which exports and imports are less than €10m.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in world total.

Background Notes

The International Trade in Services provides, on an annual basis, greater analysis of the service components and significantly more geographical detail, including a cross-classification of service components according to counterpart country/region. The data are collected and compiled within the BOP framework and as such are designed to comply in so far as possible with the stipulated international methodological standards. They also conform closely with international presentation formats taking materiality and relevance into account as well as data confidentiality constraints. The results published in this release are generally compatible with the information supplied to and published by Eurostat and the European Central Bank (ECB) concerning the economic activities of EU and EMU residents with non-residents of these areas. The figures are also compatible with those supplied to other international organisations such as IMF and OECD.

 

For more detailed methodological information see International Trade in Services - Background Notes (PDF 130KB)

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