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For more information on this release:
E-mail: bop@cso.ie Annette Hayes (+353) 1 498 4319 John Sheridan (+353) 1 498 4258
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-5015
CSO statistical release, 18 December 2015, 11am

International Trade in Services

2014

          € million
Services
ExportsImportsNet Balance ExportsImportsNet BalanceExportsImportsNet Balance
2012 20132014
Total85,53193,139-7,610 92,70393,096-393101,750109,376-7,626
  of which:          
    UK15,92710,7465,180 17,6459,8667,78020,17611,3618,815
    Germany9,1393,5115,627 8,3862,3006,0909,1012,6206,479
    USA7,97825,361-17,384 8,80822,957-14,1478,44728,371-19,925
    Netherlands3,58614,503-10,916 3,53314,735-11,202 3,94715,600-11,655
    

Service deficit of €7.6bn in 2014

Exports and Imports of Services by Region

Total service exports increased by €9bn from €92.7bn in 2013 to €101.8bn in 2014.  Total service imports also increased significantly by €16.3bn from €93.1bn in 2013 to €109.4bn in 2014. As a result, the service deficit moved from €0.4bn in 2013 to €7.6bn in 2014.

Computer services at €47.9bn remains the largest export category and accounted for 47 per cent of total service exports in 2014. Royalties/Licences at €48.5bn were the largest import category while the residual category Other Business services imports were €38.8bn.  When combined, these two import categories accounted for 79.8 per cent of total service imports in 2014 (see Table 1).

 

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

Service exports to the UK increased by €2.5bn between 2013 and 2014, mainly in the Computer services category (see Tables 2a & 2b).  Exports to Luxembourg were up €1.2bn mainly in the Financial services category, while exports to Germany (+€0.7bn), France (+€0.4bn) and the Netherlands (+€0.4bn) increased, mainly in the Computer services and Other business services categories.  Service exports to Asia also increased by €0.8bn.

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

Service imports from US increased by €5.4bn between 2013 and 2014 mainly in the Other Business services category (+€5.2bn).  In the same period, imports from the UK and the Netherlands increased by €1.5bn and €0.9bn respectively while imports from Bermuda increased by €0.4bn.

Table 1 Exports and Imports of Services by Category, 2012, 2013 and 2014     € million
 2012 1 2013 1 2014
ItemExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
Services85,53193,139-7,610 92,70393,096-393 101,750109,376-7,626
         
Repairs & Processing1,3291,433-105 1,440982458 1,2511,15397
            
Transport4,6091,6752,934 4,8271,7153,112 5,1931,8423,350
            
Tourism and travel 3,0224,609-1,588 3,3704,669-1,301 3,6564,561-905
            
Insurance8,9866,5162,470 8,9645,8553,109 9,2545,9703,284
            
Financial services7,7315,0772,655 8,0695,1032,966 8,3356,6621,672
            
Royalties/Licences3,88033,847-29,967 4,38836,411-32,023 4,77648,482-43,706
            
Communications5691,087-518 5221,049-526 567979-411
            
Computer services 37,93535837,577 42,05748241,574 47,91564747,271
            
Total other business services15,96538,331-22,367 17,37036,559-19,189 19,09538,816-19,722
            
      Research and development7668,006-7,240 1,0865,846-4,759 1,7496,615-4,865
            
      Operational leasing7,5371,4346,104 7,6961,4496,247 7,8431,2696,572
            
      Legal, accounting and other professional services*839* 3361,119-783 4051,074-667
            
      Advertising and market research*4,259* 1464,245-4,101 944,541-4,447
            
      Trade related services1,92412,444-10,519 2,31512,506-10,192 2,46413,496-11,033
            
      Architectural engineering and other technical services28889197 319150169 212110101
            
      Other 4,96111,257-6,296 5,47511,242-5,767 6,33111,712-5,381
            
Other services n.e.s.1,5072101,297 1,6972691,428 1,7102661,444
            
1Revised 
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in 'Total other business services' total
Table 2a Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2014             € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel1 Insurance Financial services Royalties/Licences Communications Computer services2 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
                  
Europe65,13549,129 298* 4,6831,018 2,1513,093 7,1334,329 5,7902,861 1,17023,445 267710 31,590196 1,474* 10,57812,907
 of which:                                
      Belgium1,9641,392 0* 1525 4843 7333 *13 ** *0 9950 1765 *1,216
      France 5,3642,161 ** 10758 201354 640601 175* *48 7* 3,10927 2450 773924
      Germany 9,1012,620 ** 102113 334109 877974 176190 *20 13* 5,99218 5350 9521,140
      Italy 5,8682,492 ** 9737 131203 2,429680 431424 ** 5* 1,6099 960 953958
      Luxembourg1,3916,851 *0 00 72 1835 1,111* 4* 0* 288* *32 *296
      Netherlands 3,94715,600 0* 450 5758 9155 ** 108* ** 2,10112 *0 1,051813
      Spain2,2581,521 ** 9733 203883 22185 *29 ** *7 1,036* 260 561468
      Sweden2,125367 00 00 4313 10348 ** *0 4* 1,388* 540 452255
      Switzerland3,0172,047 206* 25109 00 6192 ** 1431,383 *0 1,9133 990 418426
      United Kingdom 20,17611,361 *23 4,138567 918840 2,1431,347 2,736* 311770 ** 6,130102 47464 3,1755,336
                                
    EMU 18332,39233,845 ** 520341 1,0702,030 4,4862,518 2,552* 60121,083 *131 *78 ** 5,2676,258
    EU 28458,28246,566 ** 4,657909 2,1393,050 6,8684,133 5,4152,761 94521,897 ** *195 ** 9,25912,379
                                
North America9,59928,540 *169 397297 939725 1,171693 542* ** 23* ** 92268 1,54917,402
 of which:                                
      Canada1,152169 00 2018 15987 4713 ** ** 2* ** *0 13051
      United States 8,44728,371 *169 378279 779638 1,124680 ** 2,017* 21* 1,880165 *68 1,42017,351
                                 
Central America*17,946 *0 00 00 276542 ** *17,112 0* ** -9240 *191
 of which:                                
      Bermuda8244,752 *0 00 00 132325 83* *4,314 0* *0 -9680 *35
                                 
South America*235 00 00 00 11373 ** ** *0 150 814 *134
 of which:                                
      Brazil45999 00 00 00 277 ** ** 00 140 1344 *73
                                
Asia11,6202,469 ** 368 5114 395199 596* ** 7* 5,395* 1,7256 3,2461,438
 of which:                                
      China1,373290 ** 00 400 135 ** *0 00 129* 1591 979233
      Japan 2,663945 0* 368 1114 5935 ** ** 00 *0 4860 238439
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)64985 0* 00 00 ** 20* *0 00 40 *0 17823
      Taiwan, Province of China40196 0* 00 00 ** *11 00 00 *0 *0 *27
                                
Africa 1,759341 00 00 00 9836 20777 *0 ** 1,020* 254 388217
 of which:                                
      South Africa82098 00 00 00 28* ** *0 00 570* 330 10346
                                 
Oceania and Polar regions2,204286 0* 00 056 6345 ** 100* ** ** 5320 137157
 of which:                                
      Australia2,034256 0* 00 052 4826 ** 94* 0* ** 4850 104151
                                 
Not geographically allocated5** 8309 110460 515674 4* 644382 5441,653 265251 6,599231 ** 2,364*
International Organisations** 00 00 00 0* *0 00 0* ** *0 8*
                                 
Total101,750109,376 1,2511,153 5,1931,842 3,6564,561 9,2545,970 8,3356,662 4,77648,482 567979 47,915647 1,710266 19,09538,816
 of which:                                
      All offshore centres63,13318,699 ** 00 00 392594 634* *17,276 00 *4 -8160 794598
                                 
                                 
Table 2a Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2014 - continued  € million
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe690919 3,209176 233325 591,393 1,5543,858 15759 4,6726,179 10,57812,907
 of which:                       
      Belgium0* 36* ** *24 ** *0 233742 *1,216
      France *35 357* 2618 *67 *560 ** 278236 773924
      Germany 3273 418* 3511 12147 *580 ** 264307 9521,140
      Italy 0* 41235 1210 0* *196 ** 284* 953958
      Luxembourg0* *0 0* 00 0* 0* 214284 *296
      Netherlands ** 43* 11* *199 183114 ** 307292 1,051813
      Spain0* 1450 ** ** *174 *0 248216 561468
      Sweden** 130* *2 0* *96 ** 15633 452255
      Switzerland*0 770 *1 *31 *186 *0 286208 418426
      United Kingdom *362 54530 98140 *701 4431,330 2945 2,0032,727 3,1755,336
                       
    EMU 183*412 1,55499 112169 *563 9562,156 *12 1,9922,845 5,2676,258
    EU 284683888 2,425159 *323 531,336 1,5053,749 ** 4,236* 9,25912,379
                       
North America** 648806 ** ** ** ** 5432,358 1,54917,402
 of which:                       
      Canada** 1020 ** 0* ** ** 159 13051
      United States 2425,066 546806 *235 ** ** ** 5282,349 1,42017,351
                        
Central America** 208* *0 0* ** 00 ** *191
 of which:                       
      Bermuda00 *0 *0 00 ** 00 ** *35
                        
South America** 471* 0* ** 00 ** ** *134
 of which:                       
      Brazil** 211* 00 0* 00 ** ** *73
                       
Asia0196 2,731168 25* 5* *428 15* *461 3,2461,438
 of which:                       
      China** 928* 00 ** ** 00 *176 979233
      Japan 0* 10276 12* 0* *165 00 *109 238439
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)0* 1730 00 0* ** 0* *18 17823
      Taiwan, Province of China00 ** 00 00 0* *0 ** *27
                       
Africa ** 188* *1 0* *58 ** *138 388217
 of which:                       
      South Africa** 51* *0 0* ** *0 *18 10346
                        
Oceania and Polar regions039 800 12* 0* ** 0* *33 137157
 of which:                       
      Australia039 530 12* 0* ** 0* *25 104151
                        
Not geographically allocated5** 30715 *486 *605 7822,450 ** ** 2,364*
International Organisations*0 0* 0* ** 00 0* *0 8*
                        
Total1,7496,615 7,8431,269 4051,074 944,541 2,46413,496 212110 6,33111,712 19,09538,816
 of which:                       
      All offshore centres60* 355105 *7 ** *188 9* 378176 794598
1Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
2Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
3The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands,
Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat, Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates
Table 2b Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20131           € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel2 Insurance Financial services Royalties/Licences Communications Computer services3 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
                  
Europe58,21247,337 310206 4,385963 2,0503,112 6,8763,935 5,1401,92791723,842 273761 29,183202 -8123 9,08712,267
 of which:                               
      Belgium1,6261,530 00 2022 4332 7039 2197** *0 8914 ** 3081,360
      France 4,9502,213 0* 10755 200374 644632 15781*55 *6 2,96026 ** 592976
      Germany 8,3862,300 ** 106108 28679 713763 164200*34 12* 5,64714 3970 9521,060
      Italy 5,5622,260 ** 10038 118230 2,196576 701460** ** 1,4109 530 1,004832
      Luxembourg1617,548 *0 00 45 2015 722*47,215 0* 2734 *32 128151
      Netherlands 3,53314,735 *0 748 6932 9858 1892962* ** 2,3058 *0 6091,044
      Spain2,1411,689 ** 10031 209990 16161 8236** ** 9820 280 553544
      Sweden1,983395 0* 00 4317 18684 8020** ** 1,25925 *0 349214
      Switzerland2,6832,116 217* 2498 00 6474 16219*1,493 *0 1,6504 ** 388406
      United Kingdom 17,6459,866 ** 3,822539 880803 2,0271,239 2,2428214411,034 ** 5,212102 34564 2,5424,615
                              
    EMU 18428,74633,485 ** 539327 1,0172,107 4,2262,195 2,34695237821,159 123100 16,17361 ** 4,4876,372
    EU 28551,58944,642 ** 4,360865 2,0463,054 6,6683,766 4,7201,80884522,239 267* 25,034194 ** 7,73611,658
                              
North America9,91723,238 *52 353294 825687 1,124811 7802,433** 20* ** 1,64871 1,74012,295
 of which:                               
      Canada1,109281 00 1715 11084 6324 *17** 00 ** 5883 143118
      United States 8,80822,957 *52 335278 715602 1,060787 *2,4171,892* 19* 1,214135 1,06168 1,59712,176
                                
Central America*6,226 *0 00 00 289659 ***5,350 00 ** *0 326187
 of which:                               
      Bermuda1,0704,335 *0 00 00 162517 105**3,789 00 ** *0 5922
                                
South America*222 00 00 00 8760 **** ** *0 *4 393132
 of which:                               
      Brazil408101 00 00 00 93 **0* 00 *0 *4 17677
                               
Asia10,8622,602 ** 435 4917 434239 672215229* *0 4,499* 1,6616 3,3021,723
 of which:                               
      China1,359281 00 00 400 133 ***0 00 96* 1591 1,006229
      Japan 2,474875 *0 435 917 8824 19575117* 00 ** 6281 199484
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)55380 00 00 00 ** ***0 00 80 *0 17431
      Taiwan, Province of China515122 00 00 00 ** 8412*0 00 *0 ** 4483
                              
Africa 1,945284 *0 00 00 8725 19226** 00 1,199* 214 421216
 of which:                               
      South Africa779112 *0 00 00 3224 6720** 00 5440 25* 8868
                               
Oceania and Polar regions1,915443 ** 00 056 6378 499103* 0* ** 5090 144281
 of which:                               
      Australia1,727415 ** 00 052 5369 46899* 0* ** 4660 110268
                               
Not geographically allocated6** 8628 88424 442796 451 **494523 222274 4,81797 -1,74448 **
International Organisations** 00 00 00 00 ***0 ** 00 *0 **
                               
Total92,70393,096 1,440982 4,8271,715 3,3704,669 8,9645,855 8,0695,1034,38836,411 5221,049 42,057482 1,697269 17,37036,559
 of which:                               
      All offshore centres 73,2946,861 ** 00 00 341695 72365*5,449 00 4081 -628* 879560
                                 
                                 
Table 2b Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20131 - continued  € million
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe140931 3,268222 205321 671,351 1,4723,691 263733,6715,678 9,08712,267
 of which:                      
      Belgium** 33* *5 0* *231 **196863 3081,360
      France *55 236* *17 *108 *551 **228225 592976
      Germany 2283 448* *5 *100 *581 86*223271 9521,060
      Italy ** 473* *5 0* *227 **302462 1,004832
      Luxembourg00 *0 00 00 0* **110133 128151
      Netherlands 0* 215* ** *257 83137 **249495 6091,044
      Spain** 172* *0 0* *173 **204256 553544
      Sweden** 130* *7 ** *99 **6539 349214
      Switzerland0* 520 *0 ** *183 **293* 388406
      United Kingdom *439 49342 68153 *574 4301,148 *471,4562,211 2,5424,615
                      
    EMU 18431450 1,710124 *145 28657 *2,119 *241,6412,853 4,4876,372
    EU 285140945 2,510186 193310 *1,307 1,3523,479 *733,2445,357 7,73611,658
                      
North America337* 597* ** *2,205 ** 12336912,160 1,74012,295
 of which:                      
      Canada0* 1170 ** *36 ** **1225 143118
      United States 3374,216 478* 22300 82,168 *2,522 **6792,137 1,59712,176
                       
Central America*0 218* ** 0* ** *06967 326187
 of which:                      
      Bermuda00 4* ** 0* ** *022-1 5922
                       
South America** 385* *0 ** 0* *0588 393132
 of which:                      
      Brazil0* 175* *0 ** 00 *0*53 17677
                      
Asia*187 2,758246 *12 *234 *747 *3337295 3,3021,723
 of which:                      
      China** 920* *4 0* ** *02986 1,006229
      Japan *34 11478 ** 0* *265 **66* 199484
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)0* 171* 00 0* 0* 0007 17431
      Taiwan, Province of China*0 ** *0 00 0* *066 4483
                      
Africa ** 226* *6 ** *49 **15525 421216
 of which:                      
      South Africa0* 57* ** ** ** *0278 8868
                       
Oceania and Polar regions042 870 *1 *16 *165 *03655 144281
 of which:                      
      Australia037 590 *1 *10 *164 003553 110268
                       
Not geographically allocated6** 15616 67* 38* 575* **** **
International Organisations*0 0* 0* 0* 0* **** **
                       
Total1,0865,846 7,6961,449 3361,119 1464,245 2,31512,506 3191505,47511,242 17,37036,559
 of which:                      
      All offshore centres7050 465117 *2 *41 ** 11* 335181 879560        
1Revised
2Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
3Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales and purchases of additional
 software licences is also included.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands,
Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat, Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates
Table 2c Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20121           € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Repairs & Processing Transport Tourism and Travel2 Insurance Financial services Royalties/Licences Communications Computer services3 Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
                  
Europe55,41548,895 331451 4,214880 1,8783,257 6,6444,318 4,9531,6121,08421,044 285856 27,469203 -26393 8,82316,183
 of which:                               
      Belgium1,5301,701 0* 2520 3326 6642 268*** 0* 7340 *7 3151,471
      France 5,0682,980 ** 10848 189322 696707 15865101136 ** 3,03125 *0 6521,607
      Germany 9,1393,511 ** 33691 227107 674827 321196*40 17* 6,00525 2030 1,2872,137
      Italy 5,1632,505 ** 37032 107211 1,747764 605359** ** 1,3397 400 878945
      Luxembourg138* *0 00 44 1616 697*** 00 173* *0 8789
      Netherlands 3,58614,503 00 839 5155 247126 16220** *24 2,501* *0 5131,713
      Spain2,6201,630 0* 52827 181961 13876 11223** ** 1,0810 *0 506502
      Sweden1,701333 00 00 4719 16685 6912** ** 1,053* *0 280169
      Switzerland2,4192,048 232* 2393 00 6786 13868** ** 1,491* *0 352939
      United Kingdom 15,92710,746 *192 2,726511 850901 2,2911,238 2,0005973561,091 215628 4,703103 *61 2,3325,421
                              
    EMU 18428,99934,188 ** 1,468276 8482,149 3,6972,617 2,43282867518,984 44185 16,16169 ** 4,5568,831
    EU 28549,59646,107 *429 4,192787 1,8763,205 6,3714,116 4,5461,4641,06420,129 280846 24,081195 *78 7,49614,861
                              
North America9,03325,770 ** 293315 745668 1,3601,262 8892,730** *18 *74 *44 1,14213,108
 of which:                               
      Canada1,055409 00 1412 8578 217137 56*** 0* *0 *4 145147
      United States 7,97825,361 ** 279303 660590 1,1431,126 833*1,572* ** *74 1,29540 99812,961
                                
Central America*4,766 ** 00 00 313496 ***4,054 ** *0 *0 329194
 of which:                               
      Bermuda8943,685 ** 00 00 142331 90**3,283 ** *0 *0 6265
                                
South America*167 00 00 00 9553 **** ** *0 1124 34381
 of which:                               
      Brazil34152 00 00 00 192 **00 00 00 ** 15732
                               
Asia10,7362,508 ** 428 470 356211 487166*142 ** 4,700* *6 3,2761,831
 of which:                               
      China2,307201 *0 00 400 167 **** 00 *0 *1 1,178217
      Japan 2,489885 00 428 70 6843 14839*195 0* 1,3780 ** 225577
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)65835 00 00 00 13* ***0 00 *0 *0 19619
      Taiwan, Province of China62581 00 00 00 ** 6910*0 00 *0 103* 2638
                              
Africa 1,237280 00 00 00 9748 13619** 00 5920 ** 362204
 of which:                               
      South Africa66379 00 00 00 317 4514** 00 4650 ** 7955
                               
Oceania and Polar regions1,655* 0* 00 056 9049 4317105* 06 ** ** **
 of which:                               
      Australia1,473433 0* 00 052 7436 4310101* 06 ** *0 109307
                               
Not geographically allocated6*10,234 *863 96450 350627 ** **3341,099 143169 3,33849 -1,535* 1,5586,403
International Organisations** 00 00 00 ** **00 ** 00 *0 **
                               
Total85,53193,139 1,3291,433 4,6091,675 3,0224,609 8,9866,516 7,7315,0773,88033,847 5691,087 37,935358 1,507210 15,96538,331
 of which:                               
      All offshore centres 73,0465,475 ** 00 00 431577 71473*4,139 ** 2821 -4990 753585
                                 
                                 
Table 2c Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 20121 - continued  € million
Region/CountryResearch and development Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Trade related services Architectural engineering and other technical services Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe1331,348 3,328258 247312 801,383 1,2906,713 205633,5386,106 8,82316,183
 of which:                      
      Belgium** 44* *5 0* *251 *0185* 3151,471
      France *73 251* *15 *64 *1,181 **291237 6521,607
      Germany *75 3865 *33 *76 *1,345 *25648577 1,2872,137
      Italy ** 471* *9 0* *461 0*220324 878945
      Luxembourg*0 *0 00 *0 016 *06873 8789
      Netherlands 046 254* *82 *122 *357 5*178* 5131,713
      Spain** 1690 ** 071 *197 *0167201 506502
      Sweden** 780 *2 ** *134 **5920 280169
      Switzerland0* 740 ** *17 *403 *0156122 352939
      United Kingdom *485 59465 *144 21834 3731,742 27241,2282,127 2,3325,421
                      
    EMU 184*440 1,731* *159 *440 *4,051 **1,8623,557 4,5568,831
    EU 285*953 2,576225 *307 441,346 1,1436,061 *603,2195,908 7,49614,861
                      
North America197* 563* ** *2,203 ** **2162,108 1,14213,108
 of which:                      
      Canada** 126* ** 0* ** *0885 145147
      United States *6,131 437* ** ** 821,621 **2092,022 99812,961
                       
Central America*0 170114 *2 *0 ** **11540 329194
 of which:                      
      Bermuda*0 *0 *0 00 ** 0*2428 6265
                       
South America** 333* 0* *2 0* ***46 34381
 of which:                      
      Brazil0* 1510 00 0* 00 *0*21 15732
                      
Asia*112 2,677188 1617 *215 *928 **313* 3,2761,831
 of which:                      
      China*11 1,039* ** 0* ** *0694 1,178217
      Japan ** 119* *0 ** *374 **9141 225577
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)0* 181* 00 0* 00 ***2 19619
      Taiwan, Province of China00 *0 00 00 0* **44 2638
                      
Africa ** 19830 *4 0* *64 *0*44 362204
 of which:                      
      South Africa0* 59* 00 0* ** *01421 7955
                       
Oceania and Polar regions0* 90* ** ** ** *02443 **
 of which:                      
      Australia*42 72* ** ** ** *02242 109307
                       
Not geographically allocated6425* 179* 40339 8378 2762,845 2786032,499 1,5586,403
International Organisations*0 0* 0* 00 0* *0** **
                       
Total7668,006 7,5371,434 *839 *4,259 1,92412,444 288894,96111,257 15,96538,331
 of which:                      
      All offshore centres7** 356123 ** *27 *204 *0336198 753585
1Revised
2Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
3Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales and purchases of additional
 software licences is also included.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands,
Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat, Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
 
Table 3 - Exports and Imports of Services classified by country, 2012, 2013 and 2014    € million
Region/Country2012 1 2013 12014
ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
Algeria634 *5* 15413
Andorra29029 42042 000
Angola1265 12211 29**
Argentina822854 802555 692545
Australia1,4734331,041 1,7274151,312 2,0342561,779
Austria563148415 624168456 672133539
Bahamas11010 16016 ***
Bahrain50644 68562 35034
Barbados100135-35 *111* 87181-93
Belarus1009 *0* *0*
Belgium1,5301,701-172 1,6261,53096 1,9641,392572
Bermuda8943,685-2,793 1,0704,335-3,266 8244,752-3,929
Bosnia and Herzegovina7** 17017 48047
Brazil34152289 408101308 45999362
British Virgin Islands 38** 37** 40**
Bulgaria1133777 851569 791561
Canada1,055409646 1,109281828 1,152169983
Cayman Islands421** 352** 306**
Chile903554 *45* 754432
China2,3072012,105 1,3592811,078 1,3732901,083
Colombia13130102 14035105 1495791
Croatia34303 44375 45432
Curacao18** 27027 000
Cyprus*22* *31* -5226-79
Czech Republic256115141 318119199 259125132
Denmark1,077345733 1,076337740 1,092319772
Egypt27865214 31934284 315110205
El Salvador*0* 29026 *0*
Estonia15116 34629 20515
Ethiopia24023 *** ***
Finland757176581 988167821 876268607
France5,0682,9802,087 4,9502,2132,737 5,3642,1613,203
Germany9,1393,5115,627 8,3862,3006,090 9,1012,6206,479
Gibraltar*36* 41** 66**
Greece1559957 368130240 215111104
Guernsey834736 782851 5668-14
Hong Kong264143120 31592222 350101250
Hungary67243629 *36* *53*
Iceland32** *** ***
India1,3552481,108 1,5242981,227 1,8481351,713
Indonesia25632225 36272290 54327516
Isle of Man 21** 15** 145**
Israel347140207 51790428 55990467
Italy5,1632,5052,658 5,5622,2603,303 5,8682,4923,378
Jamaica614 404 44-1
Japan2,4898851,605 2,4748751,599 2,6639451,716
Jersey13715122 723735 772354
Jordan24518 23** 22020
Kazakhstan63360 90** 78178
Kenya391127 *23* *13*
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)65835624 55380474 64985565
Kuwait**31 **59 *0*
Latvia59157 51547 51546
Lebanon17** 60****27
Libya17124 16**23**
Liechtenstein4** *** ***
Lithuania41436 531044 491236
Luxembourg138** 1617,548-7,387 1,3916,851-5,460
Malaysia**137 23943195 47727451
Malta28** 38** 41**
Mexico21321190 23232200 30947261
Montenegro**0 *** ***
Morocco50742 **70 42**
Netherlands3,58614,503-10,916 3,53314,735-11,202 3,94715,600-11,655
New Zealand1111893 125** 146**
Nigeria634717 963759 961578
Norway891153738 1,151163988 1,2111241,089
Oman20109 29821 34530
Pakistan33530 2364233 *11*
Panama20911 231211 48**
Philippines1163779 15434121 13811920
Poland653235417 681329351 802361441
Portugal388389-1 504323181 541329212
Qatar67959 85875 1154110
Romania1031390 721358 776117
Russian Federation1,6932631,429 1,8401051,732 1,529-11,528
Rwanda202 *1* **0
Saudi Arabia41697319 48285397 60070530
Serbia16214 *0* 39039
Singapore691335356 815309506 843268576
Slovakia56523 821765 931677
Slovenia33826 44736 421131
South Africa66379586 779112666 82098723
Spain2,6201,630990 2,1411,689453 2,2581,521737
Sri Lanka24715 21** 20**
Sweden1,7013331,368 1,9833951,588 2,1253671,759
Switzerland2,4192,048371 2,6832,116568 3,0172,047969
Taiwan, Province of China62581545 515122393 40196305
Thailand641945 511041 682643
Tokelau*0* *0* 000
Tunisia21019 27918 25**
Turkey283105177 44191351 43974367
Ukraine70466 92390 53352
United Arab Emirates49688408 68376608 481103379
United Kingdom15,92710,7465,180 17,6459,8667,780 20,17611,3618,815
United States7,97825,361-17,384 8,80822,957-14,147 8,44728,371-19,925
Uruguay*4* *** *0*
Venezuela28424 32825 23419
Viet Nam55450 44440 42240
Virgin Islands, US000 *0* 000
International Organisations*** *** ***
Not geographically allocated 2*10,234* *** ***
Marginal trade 31979899 28782205 24517174
            
World total85,53193,139-7,610 92,70393,096-393 101,750109,376-7,626
1Revised
2This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
3Subtotal for countries for which exports and imports are less than €10m.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in world total.

Background Notes

The International Trade in Services provides on an annual basis greater analysis of the service components and significantly more geographical detail, including a cross-classification of service components according to counterpart country/region. The data are collected and compiled within the BOP framework and as such are designed to comply in so far as possible with the stipulated international methodological standards. They also conform closely with international presentation formats taking materiality and relevance into account as well as data confidentiality constraints. The results published in this release are generally compatible with the information supplied to and published by Eurostat and the European Central Bank (ECB) concerning the economic activities of EU and EMU residents with non-residents of these areas.  The figures are also compatible with those supplied to other international organisations such as IMF and OECD.

 

For more detailed methodological information see International Trade in Services - Background Notes (PDF 130KB)

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